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Ingls instrumental

Profa. Fernanda Goulart Curso: Eng. Ambiental Aula: ____ Objetivo da atividade: Aplicar e fixar a teoria apresentada na aula (conhecimento prvio lingstico, textual e de mundo- , estratgias e tcnicas de leitura)

Texto 2

Water Vapor Transport in Soils from a Pervaporative Irrigation System


Article History
Submitted: 16 July 2012 Accepted: 03 April 2013 Published: 05 April 2013

Publication Data
ISSN (print): 0 33!"3 2 ISSN (#nline): 1"$3! % 0 Publisher: Americ&n S#ciety #' (i)il *n+ineers Lindsay C. Todman1, Andrew M. Ireson2, Adrian P. Butler3, &nd Michael R. Templeton
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Ph.D. Student, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, South Kensington, London SW7 !", #K $%orresponding author&. E'mail( lindsa).todman*+,imperial.a%.u-

!ssistant Professor, #niv. of Sas-at%he.an, Sas-atoon, SK, Canada S7/ 012.


0

3eader, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, South Kensington, London SW7 !", #K.
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Senior Le%turer, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, South Kensington, London SW7 !", #K. ! novel method for irrigation .ith saline .ater uses a pol)mer mem5rane, formed into a tu5e, to treat and distri5ute the .ater simultaneousl). 6he flu7 of .ater a%ross the mem5rane o%%urs 5) the pro%ess of pervaporation, during .hi%h a phase %hange from li8uid to vapor o%%urs. 6hus, .ater arrives in the soil in the vapor phase. 6he e7perimental results presented in this paper demonstrate that, %ontrar) to previous assumptions, soil vapor flo.s are a signifi%ant transport me%hanism during pervaporative irrigation in dr) soils. 6he soil .ater sorption properties affe%t the rate of %ondensation in the soil, .hi%h in turn affe%ts 5oth the .ater distri5ution in the soil and the loss of .ater vapor to the atmosphere. 6he flu7 from the tu5e 5e%omes limited 5) high humidities ad9a%ent to the e7ternal surfa%e of the mem5rane. 6hus, enhan%ing %ondensation in the soil or in%reasing diffusion through

the soil in%reases flu7 from the s)stem. 6hese findings highlight the need to %onsider ho. plants might intera%t .ith .ater supplied in the vapor phase.

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