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Ministrio da Educao - MEC Secretaria de Educao Profissional e Tecnolgica (SETEC) Instituto Federal de Educao, Cincia e Tecnologia do Cear

Tcnico em Guia de Turismo Regional Ingls II


JLIO CSAR FERREIRA LIMA

Ministrio da Educao - MEC Secretaria de Educao Profissional e Tecnolgica (SETEC) Instituto Federal de Educao, Cincia e Tecnologia do Cear

TCNICO EM GUIA DE TURISMO REGIONAL INGLS II JLIO CSAR FERREIRA LIMA

CRDITOS
Presidente Dilma Vana Rousseff Ministro da Educao Aloizio Mercadante Oliva Secretaria de Educao Profissional e Tecnolgica Marco Antonio de Oliveira Reitor do IFCE Cludio Ricardo Gomes de Lima Pr-Reitor de Extenso Gutenberg Albuquerque Filho Pr-Reitor de Ensino Gilmar Lopes Ribeiro Pr-Reitor de Administrao Virgilio Augusto Sales Araripe Diretor Geral Campus Fortaleza Antonio Moises Filho de Oliveira Mota Diretor de Ensino Campus FortalezaJos Eduardo Souza Bastos Coordenador Geral Reitoria Jose Wally Mendona Menezes Coordenador Adjunto - Reitoria Armnia Chaves Fernandes Vieira Superviso - Reitoria Daniel Ferreira de Castro Andr Monteiro de Castro Coordenador Adjunto - Campus Fortaleza Fabio Alencar Mendona Elaborao do contedo Jlio Csar Ferreira Lima Equipe Tcnica Manuela Pinheiro dos Santos Kaio Lucas Ribeiro de Queiroz Vanessa Barbosa da Silva Dias Edmilson Moreira Lima Filho Vitor de Carvalho Melo Lopes Rogers Guedes Feitosa Teixeira

O QUE O PRONATEC? Criado no dia 26 de Outubro de 2011 com a sano da Lei n 12.513/2011 pela Presidenta Dilma Rousseff, o Programa Nacional de Acesso ao Ensino Tcnico e Emprego (Pronatec) tem como objetivo principal expandir, interiorizar e democratizar a oferta de cursos de Educao Profissional e Tecnolgica (EPT) para a populao brasileira. Para tanto, prev uma srie de subprogramas, projetos e aes de assistncia tcnica e financeira que juntos oferecero oito milhes de vagas a brasileiros de diferentes perfis nos prximos quatro anos. Os destaques do Pronatec so: Criao da Bolsa-Formao; Criao do FIES Tcnico; Consolidao da Rede e-Tec Brasil; Fomento s redes estaduais de EPT por intermdio do Brasil Profissionalizado; Expanso da Rede Federal de Educao Profissional Tecnolgica (EPT). A principal novidade do Pronatec a criao da Bolsa-Formao, que permitir a oferta de vagas em cursos tcnicos e de Formao Inicial e Continuada (FIC), tambm conhecidos como cursos de qualificao. Oferecidos gratuitamente a trabalhadores, estudantes e pessoas em vulnerabilidade social, esses cursos presenciais sero realizados pela Rede Federal de Educao Profissional, Cientfica e Tecnolgica, por escolas estaduais de EPT e por unidades de servios nacionais de aprendizagem como o SENAC e o SENAI.

Objetivos Expandir, interiorizar e democratizar a oferta de cursos de Educao Profissional Tcnica de nvel mdio e de cursos e programas de formao inicial e continuada de trabalhadores; Fomentar e apoiar a expanso da rede fsica de atendimento da Educao Profissional e Tecnolgica; Contribuir para a melhoria da qualidade do Ensino Mdio Pblico, por meio da Educao Profissional; Ampliar as oportunidades educacionais dos trabalhadores por meio do incremento da formao profissional.

Aes Ampliao de vagas e expanso da Rede Federal de Educao Profissional e Tecnolgica; Fomento ampliao de vagas e expanso das redes estaduais de Educao Profissional; Incentivo ampliao de vagas e expanso da rede fsica de atendimento dos Servios Nacionais de Aprendizagem; Oferta de Bolsa-Formao, nas modalidades: o Bolsa-Formao Estudante; o Bolsa-Formao Trabalhador. Atendimento a beneficirios do Seguro-Desemprego;

Sumrio Apresentao UNIT 1 - REVIEW LESSON 1 Useful classroom language LESSON 2 Months, days, nationalities LESSON 3 Chatting for introduction LESSON 4 Cardinal and ordinal numbers UNIT 2 TOURISM AND HOSPITALITY TEXTS LESSON 1 Discussing on tourism LESSON 2 Traveling by air LESSON 3 The right place, the right price LESSON 4 Checking in at a hotel LESSON 5 Your table is waiting UNIT 3 BUILDING UP A CITY-TOUR LESSON 1 Honeymoon hot spot LESSON 2 The big apple LESSON 3 A world of pleasure LESSON 4 Getting back to nature LESSON 5 How to be a good guide? UNIT 4 WORKING WITH GRAMMAR LESSON 1 Verb to be LESSON 2 Present simple LESSON 3 Past simple

REFERNCIAS

APRESENTAO

Hello everyone, Welcome to the second English booket. Lets go on improving our knowledge of this language through Tourism and Hospitility an amazing area for studying and working with. You will be able to see in this booklet basic topics for understanding better the language and material directly related to Tourism and Hospitality. Then texts and exercises will bring vocabulary and structures to be used, for example, in restaurants, hotels, travel agencies, etc As there was no material previously prepared for our study, we present here a compilation of ideas from books, sites and other sources found in Referncias. I hope you enjoy it! Jlio Csar Ferreira Lima

Ol, Benvindos segunda apostila de Ingls. Vamos melhorar nosso conhecimento dessa lngua mergulhando em uma rea de estudo e trabalho bastante interessante que o Turismo e a Hospitalidade. Voc encontrar nessa apostila tpicos bsicos da lngua Inglesa e material relacionado diretamente com a rea de Turismo e Hospitalidade. Os textos e exerccios trabalham com vocabulrio e estruturas encontradas, por exemplo, em restaurantes, hotes, agncias de viagens, etc. Essa apostila apresenta uma compilao de algumas ideias e textos de livros, sites e outras fontes ligadas rea do Turismo e Hospitalidade. Esperamos que voc aproveite o curso ao mximo! Jlio Csar Ferreira Lima

UNIT 1 - REVIEW Objetive Review basic structures and vocabulary to help students cope better with the material from this booklet. LESSON 1 USEFUL CLASSROOM LANGUAGE Objective: Work with classroom language for helping communication between the teaher and the students. Classroom statements for everyday communication 1. Good morning / afternoon / evening! 2. Can you repeat, please? 3. Sorry, I dont understand! 4. How do I say .. in English? 5. Whats the meaning of ? 6. How do I pronounce ? 7. Spell that, please! 8. Speak slowly, please! 9. May I leave the classroom? 10. See you! / Goodbye! / Bye! 11. Tecaher, comer here! 12. Whats the page? 13. I need to go to the restroom. 14. I have a question. 15. Have a nice weekend! 16. For you, too! Bom (boa) dia / tarde / noite! Pode repetir, por favor? Desculpa, no entendo. Como digo . em ingles? Qual o significado de .? Como pronuncio ? Como se soletrar, por favor! Fale devagar, por favor! Posso sair das ala? Tchau! Professor, venha aqui! Qual a pgina? Preciso ir ao banheiro. Tenho uma pergunta. Tenha um bom fim de semana! Pra vc tambm!

Fonte: Professional Clipart CD

Activity 1 Write the statements the teacher says in English. __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________

Activity 2 Write in English the statements the teacher says in Portuguese. __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________

LESSON 2 Capital letters for months, days and nationalities Objetive: Notice the use of capital letters for months, days and nationalities and the prepositions used with some of them.

Peoples names (Mary, Bill, Gregory, etc) start with CAPITAL LETTERS. Animals names (Rex, Garfield, etc) start with CAPITAL LETTERS. Names of places (New York, Mississipi River, Opaia Lake, etc) start with CAPITAL LETTERS. But in Englsih there are other groups of words that also start with CAPITAL LETTERS.

Activity 1 Complete the group of words starting with a CAPITAL LETTER. 12 MONTHS ________________
Fonte: Professional Clipart CD

________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________

________________ ________________ ________________ ________________

________________ ________________

7 DAYS ________________ _______________


Fonte: Professional Clipart CD

_______________

________________ ________________

________________ _______________

NATIONALITIES

Fonte: Professional Clipart CD

____________

____________

____________

____________

____________

Activity 2 Complete the sentences with the prepositions IN or ON. 1) Barbara has English class ______________ Wednesday. 2) My birthday in ______________ October. 3) Theodore lives ______________ Canada. 4) We aren`t ______________ March. 5) Miami is a city ______________ Florida.

WRITE THE RULES We usually use the preposition __________ with countries, states and cities. We usually use the preposition __________ with months of the year. We usually use the preposition __________ with days of the week
Fonte: Professional Clipart CD

LESSON 3 Chatting for introduction Objetive: Use basic structures for asking simple questions when meeting people for the first time and answering to those questions accurately.

Activity 1 Suppose you dont know the boy in the picture. Ask possible questions for an imaginary first conversation with him.

NAME: ___________________________________________ _________________________________________________ COUNTRY: _______________________________________ _________________________________________________ AGE: ____________________________________________ _________________________________________________ HAIR: ____________________________________________ _________________________________________________ EYES: ___________________________________________ _________________________________________________ CLOTHES: _______________________________________ _________________________________________________ INTERESTS: ______________________________________ _________________________________________________

Activity 2 Supose you are the boy now. Answer the questions from activity 1. 1) ____________________________________________________________________________ 2) ____________________________________________________________________________ 3) ____________________________________________________________________________ 4) ____________________________________________________________________________ 5) ____________________________________________________________________________ 6) ____________________________________________________________________________ 7) ____________________________________________________________________________

Activity 3 Use the information you have about the girl in the picture and write a paragraph to introduce her to your teacher.

_______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________

LESSON 4 Cardinal and ordinal numbers Objective: Review cardinal and ordinal numbers calling attention for the differences between the groups.

Activity 1 Repeat the numbers with your teacher. 1 - 3 - 8 - 10 - 15 - 20 - 28 - 33 - 49 - 51 - 67 - 72 - 85 - 94 - 100 - 1000 1st - 5th - 8th - 13th - 24th - 32nd - 43rd - 58th - 69th - 75th - 100th - 204th - 2013th

Activity 2 Write the missing cardinal and ordinal numbers.


Fonte: Professional Clipart CD

CARDINAL NUMBERS
1 one 2 3 4 - four 5 6 six 7 8 eight 9 nine 10 11 eleven 12 twelve 13 20 twenty 21 twenty-one 1st first

ORDINAL NUMBERS
21st

2nd second 3rd 4th 5th fifth 6th 7th seventh 8th 9th 10th tenth 11th 12th 13th thirteenth 20th

Activity 3 BINGO!

Fonte: Professional Clipart CD

UNIT 2 TOURISM AND HOSPITALITY TEXTS Objetives Make students aware about the tourism role at present times. Develop the reading skill through texts from the tourism and hospitality area. Put students in contact with specific vocabulary. LESSON 1 DISCUSSING ON TOURISM Activity 1 Decide whether you agree or disagree with these ideas.

The best way to travel is alone.

I would never go on a holiday to a country whose politics I didnt agree with.

It doesnt matter if you cant speak the language of the country you visit. Travelling makes you appreciate your home more.

(From Going international: English for tourism, p. 164 and Professional Clipart CD)

Activity 2 What effect did these key events have on the development of toursm? 1 The introduction of computer technology 2 The invention of the jet engine 3 The introduction of travellers cheques 4 The introduction of holidays with pay 5 The invention of television (From Going international: English for tourism, p. 11)

LESSON 2 TRAVELING BY AIR Activity 1 Preview Write the word that best completes each sentence. book travel agent destination preference itinerary

a) The place where you want to go for the trip is your _______________ . b) The cheaper way to _______________ airplane tickets is usually on the Internet. c) The _______________ can make your plane reservations. d) Wanting airline A over airline B is to state your _______________ . e) An _______________ is a plan for a trip.

Activity 2 Read the pasage

(From Talk about travels: English for airlines, hotel, and tours, p. 10)

Activity 3 - Select the correct answer 1) What is the most common way to make reservations for air travel? a) web-site b) mail c) travel agent

2) Why do people prefer booking through a travel agent? a) The travel agent has lots of information. b) The travel agent provides the cheapest ticket. c) The travel agent gives theflight mileage.

3) What information does the customer give to the travel agent for the reservation? a) the hotel preference b) the destination c) the cost of the ticket

4) What information does the agente need from the clent for teh reservation? a) the airline which the customer prefers b) the purpose fo the trip c) te total expenses for the trip

5) What do travel agents do after they get paid for the ticket? a) They send out the ticket and an information packet. b) They send out the boarding pass. c) They send out the immigration card. Acitivity 4 Specific vocabulary

LESSON 3 - THE RIGHT PLACE, THE RIGHT PRICE Activity 1 Preview Write the word that best completes each sentence. accommodation operator transportation confirm peak

a) To verify is to _______________ . b) _______________ is a means of travelling from one place to another. c) The _______________ season is the time of the year when people travel most. d) _______________ is the place where one stays / sleeps when travelling. e) A tour ______________ can book your transportation and accommodation. Activity 2 Read the pasage

(From Talk about travels: English for airlines, hotel, and tours, p. 60)

Activity 3 - Select the correct answer 1) What must travel agents confirm prior to the trip? a) accommodations b) transportation c) accommodations and transportation

2) When does the travel agent confirm your reservations? a) before the trip b) during the trip c) after the trip

3) Which method is NOT used by hotels? a) by e-mail b) by fax c) by radio

4) How are guest reservations filed? a) by country b) by last name c) by dateof arrival

5) If a customer / client changes a reservation with a tour operator, they _________. a) shout at the customer b) charge extra Money c) always refuse to make the change Activity 4 Specific vocabulary

LESSON 4 - CHECKING IN AT A HOTEL

Activity 1 Preview Write the word that best completes each sentence. satisfaction surrounding bellhop availability pertinent

a) _______________ is whether something is easily accessible or not. b) There are many good restaurants in the area _______________ the hotel. c) _______________ is gratification, pleasure or contentment. d) _______________ information is important or needed information. e) A ______________ will carry your luggage to your hotel room. Activity 2 Read the pasage

(From Talk about travels: English for airlines, hotel, and tours, p. 68)

Activity 3 - Select the correct answer 1) Who is the first person to greet a guest? a) waiter b) housekeeper c) doorman

2) Which of these jobs does the concierge NOT do? a) collects payment or credit card b) carries the bags c) gives the guest his key

3) For a guest who shows up unexpectedly at a hotel, what does getting a room depend on? a) how much money the guest has b) whether the guest wants a smoking or a non-smoking room c) whether a room is available

4) The resgistration card contains the following information: a) name, address, room number b) name, address, number of bags c) room number, movie list, credit card

5) Who leads the guest to his room? a) bellboy b) carhop c) desk clerk Activity 4 Specific vocabulary

LESSON 5 YOUR TABLE IS WAITING Activity 1 Preview Write the word that best completes each sentence. customary busboy vending machine beverage chef

a) A _______________ is something you drink. b) You need coins to get items from the _______________. c) The usual or normal thing to do is _______________. d) The person who prepares meal is a restaurant is the _______________. e) The _______________ clears and wipes the table after the diners have left. Activity 2 Read the passage

(From Talk about travels: English for airlines, hotel, and tours, p. 76)

Activity 3 - Select the correct answer 1) The greeters job is a) to welcome people, hand out menus, and organize seating. b) to welcome guests and lead them to their seats. c) to lead people to their seats and take their orders.

2) Which of these jobs does the waiter NOT do? a) gives the order to the cook b) serves drinks and appetizers c) operates the cash register

3) To whom is th 15 tip given? a) bartender b) waitress c) busboy

4) Who cleans the table and prepares it for the next diners? a) waiter b) busboy c) chef

5) What can often make more money for the hotel than room rentals? a) beautiful grounds b) lage swimming pool c) talented chefs and good servers Activity 4 Specific vocabulary

UNIT 3 BUILDING UP A CITY-TOUR Objetives Develop the reading skill through texts linked to the tour guide job. Put students in contact with specific vocabulary. Prepare students for building up a local city-tour. LESSON 1 HONEYMOON HOT SPOT Activity 1 Preview Write the word that best completes each sentence. newlyweds attraction venue amusement vantage

a) The location with a good view of something is a _______________ point. b) Which _______________ do you want to visit today? c) Two people who have just been married are _______________. d) An _______________ arcade is a place where you can play games on machines. e) The place where an event or activity happens is its _______________ . Activity 2 Read the pasage

(From Talk about travels: English for airlines, hotel, and tours, p. 94)

Activity 3 - Select the correct answer 1) The best honeymoon destination in America is a) Canada b) Goat Island c) Niagara Falls

2) Why do ice mountains form? a) to make it easier to hike b) because of the cold weather c) because of the colored light show 3) The best way to access the helicopter tours is a) from the US side b) from the Canadian side c) from the Maid of the Mist

4) Who would use the rain gear? a) tourists b) hikers c) attractions

5) How do people get to the Cave of the Winds? a) by goat b) by elevator c) by helicopter Activity 4 Specific vocabulary

LESSON 2 THE BIG APPLE Activity 1 Preview Write the word that best completes each sentence. suspesion mom and pop fabulous skyscrapers frustrating

a) A high percentage of immigrants set up _______________ stores. b) When a traffic jam is very bad and I cant get where I want to go, it is _______________. c) A _______________ bridge extends from one piece of land to another and hags on cables. d) The _______________ architecture I NYC is almost beyond belief. e) The tall buildings in New York make it a city of _______________ . Activity 2 Read the pasage

(From Talk about travels: English for airlines, hotel, and tours, p. 110)

Activity 3 - Select the correct answer 1) The Statue of Libery, New Yorks most famous landmark, was given as a a) gift from France b) peace offering from the Japanese c) symbol of unity between Europe and America 2) The Satue of Liberty is meant to symbolize the USAs a) power and wealth b) richness in culture c) acceptance of immigrants 3) According to the reading, what is one of New Yorks greatest draws? a) expensive shops b) bridges and tunnels c) fabulous architecture
Fonte: Professional Clipart CD

4) Which of the following does not describe the Empire State Building? a) built soon after the great depression b) sign of Americas imperialism c) symbol of confidence and success

5) Why is getting around in New York sometimes frustrating? a) constant traffic jams b) unavailability of transportation c) unpredictable weather Activity 4 Specific vocabulary

LESSON 3 A WORLD OF PLEASURE Activity 1 Preview Write the word that best completes each sentence. centerpiece exotic fireworks representative combine

a) _______________ are colourful explosives that light up the sky. b) To put two or more thins together is to _______________ them. c) The _______________ is the most important part of something. d) We saw _______________ animals from all over the world at the zoo. e) A _______________ is the person who comes and speaks on behalf of others. Activity 2 Read the pasage

(From Talk about travels: English for airlines, hotel, and tours, p. 142)

Activity 3 - Select the correct answer 1) A multi-day pass a) is not good at night b) is for a whole family c) is good for many different parks 2) Where is Mickeys head? a) at the fireworks show b) in a parade c) on the castle gate

3) What does World Showcase give us a glimpse into? a) 11 nations b) Epcot c) the future

4) Which place has fantastic water slides and wave machines? a) MGM studios b) Typhoon Lagoon c) Pleasure Island

5) Which of the following is NOT correct? a) Hotel rooms are scattered around the park. b) Hotel rooms are collected in a few areas. c) Hotel rooms are available to suit different budgets. Activity 4 Specific vocabulary

LESSON 4 GETTING BACK TO NATURE Activity 1 Preview Write the word that best completes each sentence. access granite wall explore Looping road magnificent

a) The face of a mountain is like a _______________. b) The scenery in the park is truly _______________. c) You can either take the straight road that goes through town or the _______________ that circles around town. d) You can _______________ the camping area by following this path. e) I _______________ when I travel into little-known regions and discover what is there. Activity 2 Read the pasage

(From Talk about travels: English for airlines, hotel, and tours, p. 166)

Activity 3 - Select the correct answer 1) How long does it take to fly to Yosemite National Park? a) 3 or 4 hours b) 300 minutes c) You cant fly there.

2) How many waterfalls are less than 800 meters high? a) 13 b) 3000 c) 8 3) Shuttle buses are used to a) reduce the traffic congestion b) keep the parking lot full c) help those people who are lost 4) Reservations are required during a) summer b) the top of the mountain c) fall / autumn
Fonte: Professional Clipart CD

5) When can visitors see the strongest waterfalls? a) in spring b) in summer c) in fall / autumn Activity 4 Specific vocabulary

LESSON 5 HOW TO BE A GOOD GUIDE? Activity 1 Write your opinion about the qualities for being a good tour guide. (in English or in Portuguese) 1) ___________________________________________________________________________ 2) ___________________________________________________________________________ 3) ___________________________________________________________________________ 4) ___________________________________________________________________________ 5) ___________________________________________________________________________ 6) ___________________________________________________________________________ 7) ___________________________________________________________________________ 8) ___________________________________________________________________________ Activity 2 After reading the text next page, write the experts opinion about the qualities for being a good tour guide. (in English) 1) ___________________________________________________________________________ 2) ___________________________________________________________________________ 3) ___________________________________________________________________________ 4) ___________________________________________________________________________ 5) ___________________________________________________________________________ 6) ___________________________________________________________________________ 7) ___________________________________________________________________________ 8) ___________________________________________________________________________ Activity 3 Write a paragraph telling if you ARE or ARE NOT prepared for becoming a tour guide. (in English or in Portuguese) ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

(From Going international: English for tourism, p. 138)

UNIT 4 WORKING WITH GRAMMAR Objetives Present basic grammar structures. Practise the grammar structures. LESSON 1 VERB TO BE

The meanings of the verb TO BE: 1) Happens The party is tonight. The meeting is down the hall. there. Come, it is over

2) Located

She is at school.

She is home.

The food is on the table.

She is home.

3) Shows identity She is Alexis and this is Bob. He is a singer. He is not a singer.

4) Shows a quality She is beautiful. It is stinky. This is dangerous.

Activity 1 Complete the sentences with the verb to be making the all the sentences affirmative. 1) I __________ hungry. 2) Sally __________ rich. 3) It __________ seven oclock. 4) We __________ at school. 5) The taxi __________ here. Lets go. 6) The door __________ open. 7) Tokyo __________ in Japan. 8) I __________ sorry. 9) They __________ very tired. 10) Franco and Michelle __________ in the park.

Activity 2 Put sentences 1 to 5 from activity 1 into the negative form and sentences 6 to 10 into the interrogative form.

_________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________

______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________

LESSON 2 PRESENT SIMPLE Use 1 Repeated actions

Present Simple expressa a ideia que a ao repetida ou frequente. A ao pode ser um hbito, um hobby, um evento dirio ou agendado ou algo que ocorre com frequncia. Tambm pode ser algo que esquecemos geralmente.
Examples:

I play tennis. She does not play tennis. Does he play tennis? The train leaves every morning at 8 AM. The train does not leave at 9 AM. When does the train usually leave? She always forgets her purse. He never forgets his wallet. Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun. Does the Sun circle the Earth?
Fonte: Professional Clipart CD

Use 2 Facts or generalizations

Present Simple pode tambm indicar que o falante acredita qye um fato era verdade anteriormente, verdade no presente, e ser verdade no futuro. No importa se o falante est correto sobre o fato. Usa-se tambm para fazer generalizaes sobre pessoas ou coisas.
Examples:

Cats like milk. Birds do not like milk. Do pigs like milk? California is in America. California is not in the United Kingdom. Windows are made of glass. Windows are not made of wood.
Fonte: Professional Clipart CD

Activity 1 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs. 1) He ________________ tennis at the weekend. (to play) 2) She ________________ two litters of water every day. (to drink) 3) My dog ________________ to sleep under my computer desk. (to like) 4) We ________________ in London. (to live) 5) Bill ________________ to school. (to walk) 6) Janet ________________ 3 languages. (to speak) 7) I ________________ for an international travel agency. (to work) 8) George ________________ to be a tour guide. (to want) 9) Ted ________________ to the mountais at Carnival. (to go) 10) I ________________ my car every week. (to wash)

Activity 2 Make questions with do or does. 1) you / travel a lot 2) you / write in English 3) he / come home by car 4) she / have a cat 5) you / live near the sea 6) this train / go to Oxford 7) we / study hard 8) elephants / fly 9) you / do your exercises 10) we / use cell phones _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________

Activity 3 Respond the questions in activity 2 in a negative way. 1) No, _________________________________________________________________________ 2) No, _________________________________________________________________________ 3) No, _________________________________________________________________________ 4) No, _________________________________________________________________________ 5) No, _________________________________________________________________________ 6) No, _________________________________________________________________________ 7) No, _________________________________________________________________________ 8) No, _________________________________________________________________________ 9) No, _________________________________________________________________________ 10) No, ________________________________________________________________________

LESSON 3 PAST SIMPLE Past simple usado quando nos referimos a eventos que ocorreram em um tempo detrminado no passado. Sendo assim, podemos concluir que o Past Simple usado: 1) Para aes que se completaram no passado em tempo definido estabelecido na frase. Ex: He travelled to Australia in 1998. 2) Em contextos que nos reportem ao passado, mesmo desprovido de indicao temporal. Ex: Im sorry about last night. The bus was 30 minutes late.

O past simple um tempo verbal simples, formado apenas por um verbo principal flexionado na forma do passado (para todas as pessoas), e que faz uso do verbo auxiliar (DID) apenas nas formas interrogativas e negativas. A flexo do verbo no passado ser feita diferentemente para verbos regulares e irregulares. Os verbos regulares recebem a terminao (-ed) para formar o passado. Os irregulares devem ser memorizados, pois no trazem nenhuma lgica em suas formaes. I You He She It We You They Negative: The teacher didnt explain the grammar. They didnt go to a football match at the stadium last Wednesday. Question: Did you visit the Great Wall when you were in China? Did she speak English with the teacher? went (to go) spoke (to speak) built (to build) visited danced worried preferred

O verbo TO BE tem duas formas no past simple: was / were I You He She It We You was / wasnt were / werent was / wasnt was / wasnt was / wasnt were / werent were / werent

They were / werent

Activity 1 Complete the sentences with the simple past of the verb to be. 1) My favourite CDs _______________ (not) in my car yesterday. 2) When I _______________ a child I played football with my friends. 3) My neighbour and I _______________ (not) close friends in 2005. 4) Mike and Anthony _______________ at the new disco last weekend. 5) My best friend _______________ (not) in his house last Saturday.

Activity 2 Fill in the gaps with did, was or were. 1) _______________ your brother play the guitar at church last Sunday? 2) How old _______________ your sister when you were born? 3) What _______________ you wear on your college graduation ceremony? 4) _______________ you in a Cyber Caf last Saturday? 5) Where _______________ you go surfing on your last vacation?

Activity 3 5) Look at the pictures and write sentences telling what these people did last weekend. Use your imagination and write complete sentences. Dont repeat the verbs. (12 points) 1) __________________________________________________________________________ 2) __________________________________________________________________________ 3) __________________________________________________________________________ 4) __________________________________________________________________________ 5) __________________________________________________________________________ 6) __________________________________________________________________________

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

6)

Fonte: Professional Clipart CD

LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS

(From Into English 1, p. 128)

REFERNCIAS

Figuras do VERB TO BE disponvel em: <http://www.really-learn-english.com/the-verb-to-beforms-examples-grammar-exercises.html>. Acesso em: 13 Jan. 2013. Grficos e exemplos do SIMPLE PRESENT <http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/simplepresent.html>. Acesso em: 13 Jan. 2013. em:

HARDING, Keith. Going international: English for tourism. Spain: Oxford University Press, 1998. NORDVALL, Karl. Talk about travel: English for airline, hotels, and tours. Compass Publishing. Professional Clipart CD. V. 1 PUCHTA, Herbert, STRANKS, Jeff. Into English 1. So Paulo: tica, 2012.