Você está na página 1de 9

Works Cited Primary Sources Abraham Lincoln. National Archives and Records Administration. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb.

2014. <http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/american_originals/lincoln.html>. This image of Abraham Lincoln in 1865, enhances my thesis statement by giving a visual of who I am referring to. I used this picture on my Home page. Bradof, Will. Personal interview. 1 Feb. 2014. Will is a butcher and chef at a local restaurant. He was able to give me information on how he was taught to butcher beef, and the conditions he must keep the meat in to satisfy health code. I used his interview on my Present Day page. "Chicago - Meat Packing Industry: Dressing Beef, Slaughtering Floor, Swift & Co.'s Packing House." Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2006679959/resource/>. This is an image from Chicago's Swift & Co. packing plant in 1906. It demonstrates the poor working conditions of meatpacking houses. I used this image in my historical timeline. "Chicago - Meat Packing Industry: Dropping Hides and Splitting Chucks, Beef Dept., Swift & Co.'s Packing House." Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/cph.3a51809/>. I used this image as a graphic of the 1906 Meatpacking Industry. I used this picture on my Turning Point page. "Chicago - Meat Packing Industry - Swift & Co.'s Packing House: Cutting up Hogs, Removing Hams and Shoulders." Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2006679961/>. This is a primary image from that depicts the slaughtering of hogs in the 1900s. I used this photo on my home page.

Edwards-Callaway, Lilly, Dr. Making Your World Stronger. JBS USA. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2014. <http://www.jbssa.com/Default.aspx>. This video was a great resource because it clearly shows the transformation of the meat packing industry. I was unable to download the video from the website so I self-captured the video. However I told and asked JBS for permission to use a clip of this video on my website. The video is found on my Meat Packing Plants page. Glackens, Louis M. "The Real Packing Town-- If You Let the Packers Tell It." Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Jan. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/cph/item/2011645916/>. This is an example of an opinionated artist/citizen from 1906 who believed strongly that the meat packers we're not keeping their industry clean. I used this on my Turning Points in order to demonstrate the environment Sinclair's book was published in. "The Great Union Stock Yards, the Greatest Live Stock Market in the World, Chicago." Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2006679972/resource/>. This picture is a picture of the stock yard in the 1840s and helps illustrate the conditions packing plant provided for their cattle. I used this image on my Turning Points page. Harris, and Ewing. "Meat Butchering." Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hec/item/hec2013000531/>. This is a primary image of a butcher butchering meat between 1915 and 1923. I used this image on my Historical Timeline page to emphasize meat use and handling. Hassmann, Carl. "The Meat Market." Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Feb. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/ppmsca.26067/?co=cph>. This is an illustration of

the 1906 meat availability and ingredients. I believe the illustrator wanted to depict the ridiculous nature of the option and ingredients the meatpacking plants provided to them. I used this image on my Turning Points page. "Interview with Upton Sinclair, Author of The Jungle." Interview by Eric Schlosser. Word Press. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2014. <http://yom11.wordpress.com/>. This interview was connected to find out what influenced Upton Sinclair's, The Jungle. I used this resource on my Turning Points page. "Laws of the United States." Hartford Courant [Hartford, Connecticut] 13 Mar. 1873: 4. ProQuest Central K12. Web. 15 Jan. 2014. <http://search.proquest.com/docview/553778648/abstract?accountid=74367>. This source describes laws put in place during this time period. I used this to clarify information I had already found on the laws. This information shows up in my Historical Timeline. Lith., Ehrgott & Krebs. "Pork Packing in Cincinnati." Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Feb. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/pga.03169/?co=pga>. This is an illustration of meatpacking in the 1870s and helps the viewer to understand different viewpoints of the meat industry. Particularly this image demonstrates the process of slaughter with four sub sequential steps "Killing, Cutting, Rendering, [and] Salting." I used this image on my Historical Timeline. Mead, Kate. Personal interview. 4 Feb. 2014. Kate Mead is the owner of a large cattle ranch in Jackson Hole, Wyoming and gave primary information about the raising and slaughtering of cattle. She explained her perspective on the Humane Slaughtering of cattle and believes shooting them in the head is the best way to slaughter.

Orth, Edward. Twin Creek Rancher Tony Malmberg Uses a Rotational Grazing System to Keep His Rangelands Healthy. The Nature Conservancy. Nature Conservancy, n.d. Web. 8 Feb. 2014. <http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/regions/northamerica/unitedstates/wyoming/ranche-news.xml>. This is an image of a present day Wyoming rancher. I used this photo on my Present Day page. Sinclair, Upton. The Jungle. New York City: Doubleday, Jabber & Company, 1906. Print. This book is a source from the time period when meatpacking thrived. Upton Sinclair's book tells the hard to hear truth about meat packing plants. I used this as a turning point in history because throughout my research I found that laws following were influenced by the book. - - -. "The Jungle a Story of Chicago." Appeal to Reason 11 Feb. 1905: n. pag. Undercover Reporting. Web. 13 Feb. 2014. <http://dlib.nyu.edu/undercover/sites/dlib.nyu.edu.undercover/files/documents/uploads/e ditors/AtR_02_11_05_P01.pdf>. This is an article in which Upton Sinclair describes his opinion and talks about his experience in the Chicago Stockyards. I used this in Turning Points. "United States Department of Agriculture." Maine Farmer 24.38 (1856): n. pag. ProQuest Central. Web. 14 Jan. 2014. This is a primary source that gives farmer's first reactions on the regulations made in this time period. I used this information in my Thesis Statement. "Upton Sinclair." Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/ggbain.06185/?co=ggbain>. This is an image of Upton Sinclair I used on my Home page to enhance my thesis statement.

USDA. Regulatory Requirements under the Federal Meat Inspection Act and the Poultry Products Inspection Act. United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. <http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR2011-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2011-title9-vol2-part416.pdf>. This is a document from the government that states the guidelines that are intended to inform about the Federal Grant of Inspection in regards to meat. I took a picture of this document and put that image on my Meat Packing Plants. Zabriskie, Annalise. Natural Beef from Local Grocery Store. 9 Feb. 2014. Photograph. I took this photo at a local grocery store to show how natural and organic beef are being sold and packaged today. I used this photo on my Organic page. - - -. Organic Beats in a Local Grocery Store. 9 Feb. 2014. Photograph. This image demonstrates the use of organic labeling locally and nationally. I used this photo on my Organic page. - - -. Organic Certified Meat. 9 Feb. 2014. Digital file. This is an example of an organic certified product, specifically meat, in a local grocery store. I used this image on my Present Day page. - - -. Organic Valley Milk in Local Grocery Store. 9 Feb. 2014. Photograph. This is an image of organic milk labeled and for sale in a local grocery store. I used this image on my Organic page. - - -. USDA Organic Signs in Local Grocery Store. 9 Feb. 2014. Photograph. This is an image of the Organic labeling seal being displayed in Grocery Stores. I used this picture on my Organic page.

Secondary Sources

Agricultural Fact Book 2001-2002. United States Department of Agriculture. USDA.gov, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. <http://www.usda.gov/documents/usda-factbook-2001-2002.pdf>. This source made it clear what the USDA actually does. I used this information in my history timeline. "Biography: Temple Grandin, Ph.D." Dr. Temple Grandin's Web Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Feb. 2014. <http://www.grandin.com/temple.html>. This helped me understand why many strategies are used in the meat packing industry. I used this information of Temple Grandin's influence on my Present Day page. Chevat, Richie, and Michael Pollan. The Omnivore's Dilemma: The Secrets behind What You Eat. Young readers ed. New York: Dial, 2009. Print. This book gives an overview of Organic foods and the requirements to be Organically certified. I used this information on my Organics page. "Chicago - Meat Packing Industry - Swift & Co.'s Packing House: Dressing Lamb for the Market, Removing the Pelts." Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/cph.3a51813/>. This photo is an example of the meatpacking industry conditions of 1906. I used this photo on every page. "Chicago - Meat Packing Industry - Swift & Co.'s Packing House: Killing Hogs, Shackling Pen and Wheel." Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/stereo/item/2006679963/>. This graphic photo from the Library of Congress illustrates the slaughtering of meat in 1906. I used this image on my home page. "FSIS History." United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service. United States Department of Agriculture, n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.

<http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/informational/aboutfsis/history>. The FSIS gives an overview of laws already established about rights considering food. This clarifies specific details about regulations. This is a great resource because, the FSIS is in charge of regulating food so it can give a good perspective of the regulation. Glen, Barb. Many Cattle Producers are Expressing Relief at an Agreement Between International Cattle Processing Giant JBS USA and the Beleaguered Alberta-based XL Foods Inc. The Western Producer. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2014. <http://www.producer.com/2012/10/xljbs-plan-seen-as-relief%E2%80%A9/>. This is an image that demonstrates the present day conditions of meat packing facilities. I used this on the Meat Packing Plants page. "Herding Cattle." Lockhart Cattle Company. Jackson Hole Web Studio, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2014. <http://www.lockhartcattle.com/#>. This is an image of cattle being herded locally. I used this image on my Present Day page. "Lincoln's Agricultural Leagacy." USDA. United States Department of Agriculture, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. <http://www.nal.usda.gov/lincolns-agricultural-legacy>. This gave me information of how President Lincoln impacted the progress of agricultural reforms. I used this information on my home page in my thesis statement. Livestock Producers in Need of Profits Beyond the FarmGate Continue to Eye Co-Op Owned Slaughter and Meat Packing Operations as a Primary Option. USDA Photo. Rural Cooperatives USDA/Rural Development. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2014. <http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/rbs/pub/aug99/prosper.htm>. This image of a USDA inspector provides a visual of what meat inspections look like. I used this photo on the Present Day page.

"Local Restaurant & Bar." Local Restaurant & Bar. LLC, n.d. Web. 8 Feb. 2014. <http://localjh.com>. This is a photo of Will Bradof's restaurant Local in Jackson Hole, Wyoming. I used this image on the Present Day page to provide a visual of his resturant. "Mead Ranch Cattle." Mead Ranch Natural Beef. Bark Firm, n.d. Web. 8 Feb. 2014. <http://www.meadranchbeef.com>. I used this image to demonstrate Kate Mead as a cattle rancher and to stress the conditions her cattle live in. I used this photo on my Locally Grown page. "Overview of FDA Mission." Food and Drug Administration. FDA, n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2014. <http://www.fda.gov/newsevents/testimony/ucm154019.htm>. I used this source to get a sense of what the government strives to do for our society in relation to agriculture. This was helpful for the history timeline portion of the website. Schlosser, Eric, and Charles Wilson. Chew on This. New York: Houghton, 2006. Print. This book influenced my topic because it spiked my interest in present day conflict over food. I used facts from this book on my timeline as it provided historical events of health issues caused by food. "A Short History of the USDA." Free Agricultural Restore Markets. FA/RM, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. <http://fa-rm.org/usda-history.html>. This source was useful in that it was not only confirming, but also clarifying information I had already found on the history of the USDA. I used this information in my historical timeline. "Slow Food in the Tetons." Slow Food in the Tetons. Blog at WordPress.com, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2013. <http://tetonslowfood.org/about-us/>. This source gives me a sense of how organic food has been supported locally. I used this information on the Organics page.

"United States Department of Agriculture." United States Department of Agriculture. USDA, n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2013. <http://usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome>. This source gives information on the regulation of food done by the government. I used this source on my Home page. "USDA Makes Progress on Alternatives to Antibiotics." Family Survival Protocal. WordPress.com, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2014. <http://familysurvivalprotocol.com/tag/verigene-gp-blood-culture-nuclear-acid-test-bcgp/>. This is a current image of a feedlot of a packing plant. It gives the viewer an idea of what feedlots look like today. I used this image on my Home page. "Walton Ranch." Ranch Marketing Associates. Google+, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2014. <http://www.rmabrokers.com/listings/walton-ranch.php>. This is an image of working Wyoming cattle ranch. I used this on the Home Page, however this image also connects to the Present Day page. Winard, Rosalie. Temple Grandin, Professor at Colorado State University and autistic savant, used her unusual abilities to improve the tools of livestock farming. Discover. Kalmbach, n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. <http://discovermagazine.com/2013/april/2-exploring-templegrandins-brain#.Uv6THXkvuFI>. I used this image of Temple Grandin with cattle to present the relationship and respect she has for animals. I used this image on the Meat Packing Plant page. Yearlings Graze on Our Sweet River Bottom Grass. Lockhart Cattle Company. Jackson Hole Web Studio, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2014. <http://www.lockhartcattle.com/index.php/grassfed/>. This is a photo of locally grown/raised cattle. I used this image on my Present Day page.