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ADDITIONAL DATA

Corrosion Resistant Properties


1.

Internal corrosion cannot occur in sealed closed structural as water is excluded and oxygen unreplenished. Only
external surface needs protection.

2.

RHS/SHS have a smooth continuous profile with non re-entrant corners which do not trap dirt and water.
RHS/SHS do not require stripe coating as they have no edges and sharp corners.

INTERNAL CORROSION A case study


Two of the original 'Tubewrights' erected in 1954 at Stamford Bridge, Chelsea, were replaced
in 1975, taken down and the used sections were cut and despatched to the Corby Works of
British Steel for examination.
Sample No 1. Of the 139.7mm o.d. CHS was cut lengthwise to expose the internal surfaces
for examination. Little evidence of internal corrosion was found other than a discolouration of
the surface caused by the oxygen and moisture in the entrapped air; much of the original mill
scale was still visible. A light rust in the centre of the sample developed after the tube was cut
open for examination.
Sample No 2. Of the 139.7mm o.d. CHS incorporating an intermediate flanged joint was
examined and the condition of the internal flange face, which had been enclosed and thus
hermatically sealed by welding to the CHS, was still comparatively bright with the marking-off
lines clearly visible.

Sample 1

Sample 2

The above report is from British Steel Publication No. TD 347/10E/91 titled CORROSION THE CASE for
STRUCTURAL HOLLOW SECTIONS.
The following historical examples demonstrate that corrosion will not occur on internal surface of sealed hollow
sections.
Certain of the examination referred to have also indicated that, even when weld seams are not perfectly sealed or
small holes have been made in the section, traces of superficial rust only can be detected in the immediate
neighbourhood of the appropriate welds or holes.
Application

Location

Comment

Period of service
of sample (years)

Examination
Thicknesses of section walls
still within original manufacturing
tolerance

Trolley
bus poles

Pittsburg
USA

At least 22,000 such poles


were installed. Some 18,000
still in service today

40-50

Lighting
Column

Daylon,
Ohio, USA

No corrosion damage visible


on any column in the series

59

Internal surfaces still bore


original mill scale,
No pitting of steel

Application subject to
aggressive marine
environment. Two davits
donated for research when
ship scrapped

37

No internal corrosion

Hiltrup,
Westphalia

Extremely aggressive
industrial environment

No internal corrosion.
Original mill scale visible

Italy

Tubular lattices available

Davits of
ocean liner
SS Aquitania

Roof trusses
at pickling
plant

25-30

No internal corrosion detected

The above table is reprinted from CIDECT publication 'The Hollow Section' No.6, 1982, and refers to case studies that demonstrate the nonoccurrence of Internal Corrosion.

Conclusion: Hollow Sections that are sealed by the combination of end details and structural quality welding do not
corrode internally.

146

147

25.30

24.90

24.50

413

495

476

525

635

767

470

519

628

758

580

701

855

1001

854

1047

1231

50X25X3.2

50X25X4

60X40X2.6

60X40X2.9

60X40X3.6

60X40X4.5

66X33X2.6

66X33X2.9

66X33X3.6

66X33X4.5

80X40X2.6

80X40X3.2

80X40X4

80X40X4.8

96X48X3.2

96X48X4

96X48X4.8

122X61X3.6 1232

122X61X4.5 1514

122X61X5.4 1785

145X82X4.8 2028

19.00

346

50X25X2.6

33.60

19.40

19.70

15.50

15.90

16.20

16.50

12.50

12.90

13.30

13.40

15.10

15.50

15.80

15.90

9.20

9.60

9.90

10.10

174

50X25X2

Ryy

AREA

SHS SIZE

87.85

73.00

60.74

53.82

45.27

38.37

31.84

27.93

24.30

22.30

44.70

38.53

32.76

29.96

11.77

10.88

9.55

4.98

11.65

154.64 46.78 206.19

152.28 39.16 203.05

193.55 29.97

188.68 26.84

185.19 22.74

181.82 19.40

240.00 15.16

232.56 13.49

225.56

223.88 10.63

198.68 21.78

193.55 19.01

189.87 16.29

188.68 14.94

59.52

81.63

80.32

79.05

84.30 158.10

291.36

72.64 204.08

63.20 200.80

52.91 197.63

31.81

28.02

23.39

89.29 202.80 119.05 137.81 148.81

197.63 122.45 116.54 163.27

170.40 120.48 100.93 160.64

140.97 118.58

105.26 100.62 157.89 53.00 210.53

103.09

101.52

129.03

125.79

123.46

121.21

160.00

155.04

150.38

149.25

132.45

129.03

126.58

125.79

217.39

208.33

202.02

198.02

96.76

48.52

42.15

35.37

178.57

244.90

240.96

237.15

70.11

33.95

29.99

25.34

208.33

53.40 238.10 41.33

Leff 2m SAFE Leff 3m SAFE Leff 4m SAFE Leff 5m SAFE Leff 6m SAFE Leff 7m SAFE Leff 8m SAFE
Ryy
LOAD
Ryy LOAD Ryy
LOAD Ryy LOAD
Ryy
LOAD Ryy
LOAD Ryy LOAD

MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310, IS-4923

SAFE LOADS IN KN FOR SINGLE RHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS

148

AREA

2260
2383
2659
2295
2836
3363
4379
2775
3436
4083
5339
2775
3436
4083
5339
5043
6619
8143
9614
5163
6779
8343
9854
5763
7579
9343
11054

SHS SIZE

145X82X5.4
172X92X4.8
172X92X5.4
200X100X4
200X100X5
200X100X6
200X100X8
220X140X4
220X140X5
220X140X6
220X140X8
240X120X4
240X120X5
240X120X6
240X120X8
260X180X6
260X180X8
260X180X10
260X180X12
300X150X6
300X150X8
300X150X10
300X150X12
300X200X6
300X200X8
300X200X10
300X200X12

33.30
38.20
37.90
42.30
41.90
41.40
40.50
58.40
58.00
57.50
56.60
51.10
50.70
50.20
49.30
74.00
73.10
72.20
71.30
63.50
62.60
61.70
60.80
82.90
82.00
81.10
80.20

Ryy

Leff 2m
Ryy
60.06
52.36
52.77
47.28
47.73
48.31
49.38
34.25
34.48
34.78
35.34
39.14
39.45
39.84
40.57
27.03
27.36
27.70
28.05
31.50
31.95
32.41
32.89
24.13
24.39
24.66
24.94
SAFE
LOAD
322.98
366.27
407.15
367.80
452.97
534.81
690.75
483.34
597.75
709.20
924.70
471.13
582.39
690.61
898.65
905.15
1186.92
1458.82
1720.66
912.06
1194.77
1466.92
1728.34
1042.74
1370.32
1688.00
1995.59
Leff 3m
Ryy
90.09
78.53
79.16
70.92
71.60
72.46
74.07
51.37
51.72
52.17
53.00
58.71
59.17
59.76
60.85
40.54
41.04
41.55
42.08
47.24
47.92
48.62
49.34
36.19
36.59
36.99
37.41
SAFE
LOAD
223.50
274.52
303.83
290.59
356.21
418.04
533.75
430.35
531.16
628.60
815.77
401.84
495.33
585.24
756.65
849.00
1110.35
1361.01
1600.82
827.67
1081.20
1323.64
1554.86
993.72
1304.14
1604.27
1893.93

MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310, IS-4923


Leff 4m
Ryy
120.12
104.71
105.54
94.56
95.47
96.62
98.77
68.49
68.97
69.57
70.67
78.28
78.90
79.68
81.14
54.05
54.72
55.40
56.10
62.99
63.90
64.83
65.79
48.25
48.78
49.32
49.88
SAFE
LOAD
151.23
196.09
216.60
214.64
262.16
306.23
387.46
361.47
445.14
525.29
678.02
320.74
393.96
463.33
594.82
763.13
995.45
1216.87
1427.28
715.14
929.76
1132.61
1323.55
916.89
1200.99
1474.45
1737.13
Leff 5m
Ryy
150.15
130.89
131.93
118.20
119.33
120.77
123.46
85.62
86.21
86.96
88.34
97.85
98.62
99.60
101.42
67.57
68.40
69.25
70.13
78.74
79.87
81.04
82.24
60.31
60.98
61.65
62.34
SAFE
LOAD
106.05
141.50
155.95
157.89
191.91
223.50
282.80
291.76
358.41
421.61
540.97
248.59
304.62
357.17
456.91
663.90
863.12
1051.44
1228.77
593.18
767.33
930.64
1082.64
821.40
1072.71
1312.89
1541.85
Leff 6m
Ryy
180.18
157.07
158.31
141.84
143.20
144.93
148.15
102.74
103.45
104.35
106.01
117.42
118.34
119.52
121.70
81.08
82.08
83.10
84.15
94.49
95.85
97.24
98.68
72.38
73.17
73.98
74.81

SAFE
LOAD
76.72
103.58
113.92
119.10
144.87
168.30
210.68
233.82
287.08
337.47
432.42
193.09
235.90
275.51
351.35
562.23
728.68
884.79
1030.50
483.33
623.56
753.43
872.86
717.12
934.07
1140.09
1335.11

SAFE LOADS IN KN FOR SINGLE RHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS

149

AREA

2260
2383
2659
2295
2836
3363
4379
2775
3436
4083
5339
2775
3436
4083
5339
5043
6619
8143
9614
5163
6779
8343
9854
5763
7579
9343
11054

SHS SIZE

145X82X5.4
172X92X4.8
172X92X5.4
200X100X4
200X100X5
200X100X6
200X100X8
220X140X4
220X140X5
220X140X6
220X140X8
240X120X4
240X120X5
240X120X6
240X120X8
260X180X6
260X180X8
260X180X10
260X180X12
300X150X6
300X150X8
300X150X10
300X150X12
300X200X6
300X200X8
300X20010
300X200X12

33.30
38.20
37.90
42.30
41.90
41.40
40.50
58.40
58.00
57.50
56.60
51.10
50.70
50.20
49.30
74.00
73.10
72.20
71.30
63.50
62.60
61.70
60.80
82.90
82.00
81.10
80.20

Ryy

Leff 7m
Ryy
210.21
183.25
184.70
165.48
167.06
169.08
172.84
119.86
120.69
121.74
123.67
136.99
138.07
139.44
141.99
94.59
95.76
96.95
98.18
110.24
111.82
113.45
115.13
84.44
85.37
86.31
87.28
SAFE
LOAD
58.62
78.70
86.66
91.36
111.10
129.03
161.43
186.31
228.55
268.59
343.98
152.93
186.76
217.99
276.60
471.45
609.54
738.22
857.45
396.33
509.64
613.61
708.19
615.40
799.49
973.18
1136.41
SAFE
LOAD
45.09
62.23
68.27
71.75
87.12
100.99
125.86
152.93
187.08
218.88
278.67
121.33
148.11
172.79
219.39
397.85
513.38
620.47
719.11
324.29
417.20
502.57
580.35
525.57
681.56
828.05
965.01
235.60
237.47
212.77
214.80
217.39
222.22
154.11
155.17
156.52
159.01
176.13
177.51
179.28
182.56
121.62
123.12
124.65
126.23
141.73
143.77
145.87
148.03
108.56
109.76
110.97
112.22

Leff 9m
Ryy
49.76
54.53
57.77
69.65
79.98
99.74
124.72
152.61
178.59
226.88
98.65
120.24
139.99
177.43
332.16
429.02
519.05
602.23
268.27
343.95
412.81
474.81
452.02
585.43
710.31
826.62

SAFE
LOAD

236.41
238.66
241.55
246.91
171.23
172.41
173.91
176.68
195.69
197.24
199.20
202.84
135.14
136.80
138.50
140.25
157.48
159.74
162.07
164.47
120.63
121.95
123.30
124.69

Leff 10m
Ryy

47.55
57.48
66.22
68.12
104.08
127.25
148.76
188.62
81.28
99.05
115.30
146.46
284.45
365.64
440.11
508.09
223.35
285.58
343.48
396.23
383.59
497.44
604.37
704.34

SAFE
LOAD

205.48
206.90
208.70
212.01
234.83
236.69
239.04
243.41
162.16
164.16
166.20
168.30
188.98
191.69
194.49
197.37
144.75
146.34
147.97
149.63

Leff 12m
Ryy

74.66
91.47
107.22
135.59
58.37
71.00
82.44
103.14
207.44
266.99
321.80
371.86
161.64
206.71
247.40
283.69
289.01
372.85
450.53
522.02

SAFE
LOAD

NOTE: 1) SAFE LOADS CALCULATED FOR L/RYY UPTO 250.


2) SAFE LOADS ARE CALCULATED CONSIDERING UNSUPPORTED ABOUT MINOR AXIS

Leff 8m
Ryy
240.24
209.42
211.08
189.13
190.93
193.24
197.53
136.99
137.93
139.13
141.34
156.56
157.79
159.36
162.27
108.11
109.44
110.80
112.20
125.98
127.80
129.66
131.58
96.50
97.56
98.64
99.75

MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310, IS-4923

SAFE LOADS IN KN FOR SINGLE RHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS

150

1385

80X80X4.8

1231

72X72X4.8

957

1047

72X72X4

1175

854

72X72X3.2

80X80X3.2

1001

60X60X4.8

80X80X4

701

580

60X60X2.6

855

767

50X50X4.5

60X60X3.2

635

50X50X3.6

60X60X4

476

535

40X40X4

525

445

40X40X3.2

50X50X2.6

372

40X40X2.6

50X50X2.9

419

351

38X38X2.6

503

342

32X32X3.2

38X38X3.2

288

32X32X2.6

38X38X4

253

230

216

25X25X2.6

25X25X3.2

174

25X25X2

32X32X2

AREA

SHS SIZE

30.40

30.70

31.10

27.10

27.50

27.90

22.20

22.60

23.00

23.30

18.20

18.70

19.00

19.20

14.40

14.80

15.10

13.60

14.00

14.30

11.50

11.80

12.10

8.60

8.90

9.20

Ryy

65.79

65.15

64.31

73.80

72.73

71.68

90.09

88.50

86.96

85.84

109.89

106.95

105.26

104.17

138.89

135.14

132.45

147.06

142.86

139.86

173.91

169.49

165.29

232.56

224.72

217.39

Leff 2m
Ryy

186.03

158.95

130.67

150.55

129.73

107.15

98.99

86.45

72.39

60.80

59.14

50.83

42.91

39.43

28.77

25.10

21.68

24.53

21.49

18.64

12.46

11.00

9.17

5.44

4.87

4.40

SAFE
LOAD

98.68

97.72

96.46

110.70

109.09

107.53

135.14

132.74

130.43

128.76

164.84

160.43

157.89

156.25

208.33

202.70

198.68

220.59

214.29

209.79

260.87

254.24

247.93

Leff 3m
Ryy

208.33

128.62

147.60

145.45

143.37

180.18

176.99

173.91

171.67

219.78

213.90

210.53

122.68 131.58

105.44 130.29

87.32

93.92

81.57

67.87

56.46

49.66

41.85

35.31

30.73

26.56

22.60

20.88

14.09

12.22

10.56

11.54

10.36

9.14

SAFE Leff 4m
LOAD
Ryy

MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310, IS-4923

81.57

70.26

58.35

59.63

52.06

43.54

33.98

30.10

25.54

21.65

17.69

15.77

13.57

12.53

164.47

162.87

160.77

184.50

181.82

179.21

225.23

221.24

217.39

214.59

SAFE Leff 5m
LOAD
Ryy

55.69

48.00

39.90

40.19

35.03

29.31

22.50

19.56

16.67

15.15

SAFE
LOAD

197.37

195.44

192.93

221.40

218.18

215.05

Leff 6m
Ryy

39.87

34.51

28.83

28.14

24.65

20.91

SAFE
LOAD

230.26

228.01

225.08

Leff 7m
Ryy

30.40

26.08

21.52

SAFE
LOAD

SAFE LOADS IN KN FOR SINGLE SHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS

151

AREA

1232
1514
1785
1495
1836
2163
2028
2260
2383
2659
2295
2836
3363
4379
2775
3436
4083
5339
5043
6619
8143
9614
5763
7579
9343
11054

SHS SIZE

91.5X91.5X3.6
91.5X91.5X4.5
91.5X91.5X5.4
100X100X4
100X100X5
100X100X6
113.5X113.5X4.8
113.5X113.5X5.4
132X132X4.8
132X132X5.4
150X150X4
150X150X5
150X150X6
150X150X8
180X180X4
180X180X5
180X180X6
180X180X8
220X220X6
220X220X8
220X220X10
220X220X12
250X250X6
250X250X8
250X250X10
250X250X12

35.60
35.20
34.80
38.90
38.40
37.90
44.00
43.80
51.60
51.30
59.30
58.90
58.40
57.40
71.60
71.10
70.60
69.70
87.00
86.00
85.00
84.10
99.20
98.20
97.30
96.30

Ryy

Leff 2m
Ryy
56.18
56.82
57.47
51.41
52.08
52.77
45.45
45.66
38.76
38.99
33.73
33.96
34.25
34.84
27.93
28.13
28.33
28.69
22.99
23.26
23.53
23.78
20.16
20.37
20.55
20.77
SAFE
LOAD
182.77
223.25
261.57
231.76
282.90
331.20
329.46
366.58
405.39
451.80
400.81
494.71
585.76
760.37
496.82
614.82
730.19
953.83
915.33
1200.50
1475.80
1741.19
1054.16
1385.57
1707.18
2018.63
Leff 3m
Ryy
84.27
85.23
86.21
77.12
78.13
79.16
68.18
68.49
58.14
58.48
50.59
50.93
51.37
52.26
41.90
42.19
42.49
43.04
34.48
34.88
35.29
35.67
30.24
30.55
30.83
31.15
SAFE
LOAD
131.85
160.00
186.19
175.39
212.63
247.16
265.11
294.39
346.98
385.90
358.42
441.54
521.54
673.62
462.65
571.64
677.81
882.80
877.31
1149.09
1410.66
1662.22
1024.56
1345.31
1656.05
1956.14

MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310, IS-4923


Leff 4m
Ryy
112.36
113.64
114.94
102.83
104.17
105.54
90.91
91.32
77.52
77.97
67.45
67.91
68.49
69.69
55.87
56.26
56.66
57.39
45.98
46.51
47.06
47.56
40.32
40.73
41.11
41.54
SAFE
LOAD
91.96
111.07
128.62
125.84
152.08
176.20
198.56
220.15
278.15
308.55
302.53
371.89
438.07
562.57
412.89
509.34
602.98
782.99
749.55
978.84
1197.98
1407.61
971.72
1274.18
1566.52
1847.74
Leff 5m
Ryy
140.45
142.05
143.68
128.53
130.21
131.93
113.64
114.16
96.90
97.47
84.32
84.89
85.62
87.11
69.83
70.32
70.82
71.74
57.47
58.14
58.82
59.45
50.40
50.92
51.39
51.92
SAFE
LOAD
64.96
78.38
90.67
91.23
109.89
126.86
148.78
164.63
216.19
239.42
245.46
301.05
353.58
451.25
355.90
438.14
517.59
669.49
739.00
963.76
1177.86
1382.16
901.54
1180.18
1448.70
1705.75
Leff 6m
Ryy
168.54
170.45
172.41
154.24
156.25
158.31
136.36
136.99
116.28
116.96
101.18
101.87
102.74
104.53
83.80
84.39
84.99
86.08
68.97
69.77
70.59
71.34
60.48
61.10
61.66
62.31

SAFE
LOAD
47.54
57.26
66.11
67.09
80.55
92.67
112.65
124.55
168.53
186.24
196.96
241.44
283.37
361.14
298.82
367.16
432.88
557.84
653.33
849.54
1035.12
1211.22
819.93
1071.29
1312.72
1542.50

SAFE LOADS IN KN FOR SINGLE SHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS

152

AREA

1232
1514
1785
1495
1836
2163
2028
2260
2383
2659
2295
2836
3363
4379
2775
3436
4083
5339
5043
6619
8143
9614
5763
7579
9343
11054

SHS SIZE

91.5X91.5X3.6
91.5X91.5X4.5
91.5X91.5X5.4
100X100X4
100X100X5
100X100X6
113.5X113.5X4.8
113.5X113.5X5.4
132X132X4.8
132X132X5.4
150X150X4
150X150X5
150X150X6
150X150X8
180X180X4
180X180X5
180X180X6
180X180X8
220X220X6
220X220X8
220X220X10
220X220X12
250X250X6
250X250X8
250X250X10
250X250X12

35.60
35.20
34.80
38.90
38.40
37.90
44.00
43.80
51.60
51.30
59.30
58.90
58.40
57.40
71.60
71.10
70.60
69.70
87.00
86.00
85.00
84.10
99.20
98.20
97.30
96.30

Ryy

Leff 7m
Ryy
196.63
198.86
201.15
179.95
182.29
184.70
159.09
159.82
135.66
136.45
118.04
118.85
119.86
121.95
97.77
98.45
99.15
100.43
80.46
81.40
82.35
83.23
70.56
71.28
71.94
72.69
SAFE
LOAD
35.74
42.91
49.57
50.86
61.16
70.49
86.10
95.13
133.54
147.53
158.25
193.29
225.78
287.41
248.87
305.31
359.38
462.20
566.61
735.02
893.34
1042.85
732.78
955.53
1168.68
1370.32
SAFE
LOAD
27.75
33.72
39.29
40.17
48.35
55.54
67.85
75.04
106.00
117.07
129.82
158.60
185.33
234.01
208.87
255.92
300.86
385.60
487.43
631.27
765.92
892.66
646.01
840.87
1026.72
1201.53
231.36
234.38
237.47
204.55
205.48
174.42
175.44
151.77
152.80
154.11
156.79
125.70
126.58
127.48
129.12
103.45
104.65
105.88
107.02
90.73
91.65
92.50
93.46

Leff 9m
Ryy

32.48
38.79
44.36
54.94
60.80
86.34
95.26
105.83
129.32
151.15
190.94
174.86
214.38
252.19
323.61
421.35
545.07
660.54
768.97
565.52
735.32
896.96
1048.48

SAFE
LOAD

227.27
228.31
193.80
194.93
168.63
169.78
171.23
174.22
139.66
140.65
141.64
143.47
114.94
116.28
117.65
118.91
100.81
101.83
102.77
103.84

Leff 10m
Ryy

45.17
50.10
71.16
78.49
88.46
108.02
126.14
159.02
147.73
180.77
212.37
271.84
363.39
468.10
564.74
654.66
496.73
645.48
786.91
919.23

SAFE
LOAD

232.56
233.92
202.36
203.74
205.48
209.06
167.60
168.78
169.97
172.17
137.93
139.53
141.18
142.69
120.97
122.20
123.33
124.61

Leff 12m
Ryy

51.21
56.41
63.18
77.29
90.48
114.68
108.12
132.25
155.20
198.26
274.58
352.96
425.83
494.04
382.22
496.12
604.20
704.94

SAFE
LOAD

NOTE: 1) SAFE LOADS CALCULATED FOR L/RYY UPTO 250.


2) SAFE LOADS ARE CALCULATED CONSIDERING UNSUPPORTED ABOUT MINOR AXIS

Leff 8m
Ryy
224.72
227.27
229.89
205.66
208.33
211.08
181.82
182.65
155.04
155.95
134.91
135.82
136.99
139.37
111.73
112.52
113.31
114.78
91.95
93.02
94.12
95.12
80.65
81.47
82.22
83.07

MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310, IS-4923

SAFE LOADS IN KN FOR SINGLE SHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS

SAFE LOAD CAPACITIES OF "TATA" SINGLE SHS


MATERIAL: IS : 4923,

GRADE : 310

ELASTIC
MODULUS

TENSION
AREA
SECTION
2

(mm )

Allow.
Allow.
Tension Length
Ft
Lx
(KN)
(m)

Allow.
Length
Ly
(m)

Zxx

Zyy

BENDING
MOMENTS

DIRECT
SHEAR

Allow.@ Allow.@ Allow.@ Allow.@


X-X axis Y-Y axis X-X axis Y-Y axis
Mxx
Myy
Fx
Fy
(Knm)
(Knm)
(KN)
(KN)

SHS 25X25X3.2

253

47.06

3.01

3.01

1.51

1.51

0.31

0.31

15.69

15.69

SHS 38X38X3.2

419

77.93

4.90

4.90

4.30

4.30

0.88

0.88

25.98

25.98

SHS 38X38X4.0

503

93.56

4.76

4.76

4.87

4.87

1.00

1.00

31.19

31.19

SHS 49.5X49.5X2.9

525

97.65

6.58

6.58

7.60

7.60

1.56

1.56

32.55

32.55

SHS 49X49X3.6

635

118.11

6.47

6.47

8.86

8.86

1.82

1.82

39.37

39.37

SHS 49X49X4.5

767

142.66

6.30

6.30

10.20

10.20

2.09

2.09

47.55

47.55

SHS 72X72X3.2

854

158.84

9.67

9.67

18.42

18.42

3.78

3.78

52.95

52.95

SHS 72X72X4.0

1047

194.74

9.62

9.62

21.95

21.95

4.50

4.50

64.91

64.91

SHS 72X72X4.8

1231

228.97

9.48

9.48

25.09

25.09

5.14

5.14

76.32

76.32

SHS 91.5X91.5X3.6

1232

229.15

12.46

12.46

34.21

34.21

7.01

7.01

76.38

76.38

SHS 91.5X91.5X4.5

1514

281.60

12.32

12.32

41.00

41.00

8.41

8.41

93.87

93.87

SHS 91.5X91.5X5.4

1785

332.01

12.18

12.18

47.14

47.14

9.66

9.66

110.67

110.67

SHS 113.5X113.5X4.8

2028

377.21

15.40

15.40

69.30

69.30

14.21

14.21

125.74

125.74

SHS 113.5X113.5X5.4

2260

420.36

15.33

15.33

76.23

76.23

15.63

15.63

140.12

140.12

SHS 132X132X4.8

2383

443.24

18.06

18.06

96.12

96.12

19.70

19.70

147.75

147.75

SHS 132X132X5.4

2660

494.76

17.95

17.95

106.08

106.08

21.75

21.75

164.92

164.92

SHS 150X150X4.0

2295

426.87

20.76

20.76

107.71

107.71

22.08

22.08

142.29

142.29

SHS 150X150X5.0

2836

527.50

20.62

20.62

130.95

130.95

26.84

26.84

175.83

175.83

SHS 150X150X6.0

3363

625.52

20.44

20.44

152.79

152.79

31.32

31.32

208.51

208.51

SHS 150X150X8.0

4379

814.49

20.09

20.09

192.40

192.40

39.44

39.44

271.50

271.50

SHS 180X180X4.0

2775

516.15

25.06

25.06

157.97

157.97

32.38

32.38

172.05

172.05

SHS 180X180X5.0

3436

639.10

24.89

24.89

192.99

192.99

39.56

39.56

213.03

213.03

SHS 180X180X6.0

4083

759.44

24.71

24.71

226.28

226.28

46.39

46.39

253.15

253.15

SHS 180X180X8.0

5339

993.05

24.40

24.40

287.86

287.86

59.01

59.01

331.02

331.02

SHS 220X220X6.0

5043

938.00

30.45

30.45

346.67

346.67

71.07

71.07

312.67

312.67

SHS 220X220X8.0

6619

1231.13

30.10

30.10

445.00

445.00

91.23

91.23

410.38

410.38

SHS 220X220X10

8143

1514.60

29.75

29.75

535.20

535.20

109.72

109.72

504.87

504.87

SHS 220X220X12

9614

1788.20

29.44

29.44

617.55

617.55

126.60

126.60

596.07

596.07

SHS 250X250X6.0

5763

1071.92

34.72

34.72

453.76

453.76

93.02

93.02

357.31

357.31

SHS 250X250X8.0

7579

1409.69

34.37

34.37

585.25

585.25

119.98

119.98

469.90

469.90

SHS 250X250X10

9343

1737.80

34.06

34.06

707.38

707.38

145.01

145.01

579.27

579.27

SHS 250X250X12

11054

2056.04

33.71

33.71

802.38

802.38

164.49

164.49

685.35

685.35

153

SAFE LOAD CAPACITIES OF "TATA" SINGLE RHS


MATERIAL: IS : 4923,

GRADE : 310

ELASTIC
MODULUS

TENSION
AREA
SECTION
2

(mm )

Allow.
Allow.
Tension Length
Ft
Lx
(KN)
(m)

Allow.
Length
Ly
(m)

Zxx

Zyy

BENDING
MOMENTS

DIRECT
SHEAR

Allow.@ Allow.@ Allow.@ Allow.@


X-X axis Y-Y axis X-X axis Y-Y axis
Mxx
Myy
Fx
Fy
(Knm)
(Knm)
(KN)
(KN)

RHS 50X25X3.2

413

76.82

5.88

3.36

4.65

3.04

0.95

0.62

25.61

51.21

RHS 66X33X2.9

519

96.53

8.01

4.65

8.28

5.53

1.70

1.13

32.18

64.36

RHS 66X33X3.6

628

116.81

7.87

4.51

9.66

6.37

1.98

1.31

38.94

77.87

RHS 66X33X4.5

758

140.99

7.70

4.37

11.10

7.23

2.28

1.48

47.00

93.99

RHS 96X48X3.2

854

158.84

11.90

6.89

20.54

13.87

4.21

2.84

52.95

105.90

RHS 96X48X4.0

1047

194.74

11.72

6.79

24.49

16.38

5.02

3.36

64.91

129.83

RHS 96X48X4.8

1231

228.97

11.55

6.65

27.99

18.56

5.74

3.80

76.32

152.64

RHS 122X61X3.6

1232

229.15

15.19

8.85

38.13

25.84

7.82

5.30

76.38

152.77

RHS 122X61X4.5

1514

281.60

15.01

8.71

45.73

30.75

9.37

6.30

93.87

187.74

RHS 122X61X5.4

1785

332.01

14.84

8.57

52.60

35.09

10.78

7.19

110.67

221.34

RHS 145X82X4.8

2028

377.21

18.30

11.76

76.57

55.73

15.70

11.42

125.74

251.47

RHS 145X82X5.4

2260

420.36

18.20

11.65

84.26

61.12

17.27

12.53

140.12

280.24

RHS 172X92X4.8

2383

443.24

21.70

13.37

106.64

75.41

21.86

15.46

147.75

295.49

RHS 172X92X5.4

2659

494.57

21.59

13.26

117.73

82.99

24.13

17.01

164.86

329.72

RHS 200X100X4.0

2295

426.87

25.31

14.23

119.97

82.16

24.59

16.84

142.29

284.58

RHS 200X100X5.0

2836

527.50

25.10

14.67

145.93

99.39

29.92

20.37

175.83

351.66

RHS 200X100X6.0

3363

625.52

24.92

14.49

170.33

115.38

34.92

23.65

208.51

417.01

RHS 200X100X8.0

4379

814.49

24.50

14.18

214.62

143.84

44.00

29.49

271.50

543.00

RHS 220X140X4.0

2775

516.15

28.91

20.44

172.06

135.38

35.27

27.75

172.05

344.10

RHS 220X140X5.0

3436

639.10

28.74

20.30

210.31

165.40

43.11

33.91

213.03

426.06

RHS 220X140X6.0

4083

759.44

28.53

20.13

246.47

193.10

50.53

39.59

253.15

506.29

RHS 220X140X8.0

5339

993.05

28.18

19.81

314.21

344.61

64.41

70.65

331.02

662.04

RHS 240X120X4.0

2775

516.15

30.52

17.89

175.89

120.89

36.06

24.78

172.05

344.10

RHS 240X120X5.0

3436

639.10

30.35

17.75

214.97

147.08

44.07

30.15

213.03

426.06

RHS 240X120X6.0

4083

759.44

30.14

17.57

252.16

171.74

51.69

35.21

253.15

506.29

RHS 240X120X8.0

5339

993.05

29.72

17.26

320.99

216.66

65.80

44.42

331.02

662.04

RHS 260X180X6.0

5043

938.00

34.34

25.90

373.53

307.05

76.57

62.95

312.67

625.33

RHS 260X180X8.0

6619

1231.13

33.99

25.59

479.90

393.12

98.38

80.59

410.38

820.76

RHS 260X180X10

8143

1514.60

33.60

25.27

577.65

471.58

118.42

96.67

504.87

1009.73

RHS 260X180X12

9614

1788.20

33.25

24.96

667.11

542.77

136.76

111.27

596.07

1192.14

RHS 300X150X6.0

5163

960.32

37.98

22.23

404.90

277.28

83.00

56.84

320.11

640.21

RHS 300X150X8.0

6779

1260.89

37.56

21.91

520.53

353.88

106.71

72.55

420.30

840.60

RHS 300X150X10

8343

1551.80

37.17

21.60

626.93

423.16

128.52

86.75

517.27

1034.53

RHS 300X150X12

9854

1832.84

36.75

21.28

724.41

485.47

148.50

99.52

610.95

1221.90

RHS 300X200X6.0

5763

1071.92

39.59

29.02

491.35

396.22

100.73

81.23

357.31

714.61

RHS 300X200X8.0

7579

1409.69

39.20

28.70

634.24

509.70

130.02

104.49

469.90

939.80

RHS 300X200X10

9343

1737.80

38.85

28.39

767.15

614.43

157.27

125.96

579.27

1158.53

RHS 300X200X12

11054

2056.04

38.47

28.07

890.39

710.43

182.53

145.64

685.35

1370.70

154

General Technical Specifications and Tolerances


PERMISSIBLE AXIAL COMPRESSIVE STRESS (Yst 310 Grade)
1/r 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 250 300 350
Ac 186 183 178 169 157 143 128 113 99 87 77 67 60 53 47 42 38 34 31 28 26 23 22 20 18 13 10
OTHER ALLOWABLE STRESS VALUES (IN Mpa)
Steel
Grade
Yst 310

Minimum
Yield Stress
310

Minimum
UTS
450

Axial Stress in
Tension
186

Bending Stress
in Ten. or Compn.
205

Mechanical Properties
Section
Type

Grade

YST

UTS

Bearing
Stress
232

Equivalant
Stress
279

Dimensional Tolerance

% of Elongation

Mpa

Mpa

<25.4
mm

<25.4
mm

YST 210
RHS/SHS
YST 240
IS: 4923
YST 310

210

330

12

20

240

410

10

15

310

450

10

YST 210

210

330

12

20

CHS
IS: 1161

Shear
Stress
140

YST 240

240

410

12

17

YST 310

310

450

12

14

Outside
dimension

+/-1% with a
minimum of
+/-0.50 mm
OD upto and
Incl 48.3
+0.4/-0.8 mm;
Over 48.3 mm
+/-1.0%

Thickness Squareness

+/-10%

90 deg.
+/-2 deg.

+ no limit
-10%

NA

Corner
radius

31 max

NA

Weight
Individual On lot of
lengths
10 MT

10%
-8%

+/-7.5%

L
+10%,
-8%

L
+/-5%

M&H M&H
+/-10% +/-7.5%

Length

6.0 m 0.05 m Customized length ranging from 6 m may be supplied.

Straightness

Minimum 1: 200th of any length measured along the centre line (mill straightened condition) unless otherwise
specifically arranged.

Twist Tolerance

Maximum 2 mm 0.5 mm / m length measured relative vertical shift of any adjacent corner of the section,
measured by keeping one side on flat surface.

End Finish

Plain ended Mechanically sheared, mill cut finish without further machining.

Surface Finish

Black without any surface treatment of oiling or varnishing.

Raw Material

Sulphur content: 0.05% max, phosphorus content: 0.05% max, equivalent carbon percentage well within
specified weldability limits with matching physical properties. For corrosion resistant steel in Cu-bearing
variety, refer to the WRS section of this brochure.

Weldability

Tata Structura Steel Hollow Section are weldable with standard M. S. Electrodes without any pre-heating.

Packing

Bundled by sealing metal strap, and each bundle is labelled for size, measurement, Lot no. etc. Approximate
weight of each bundle is 1.5 Mt (+/-500 kg).

Identification

Marking of "TATA STRUCTURA" emblem on surface punched/stenciled/sticker pasted on all Steel Hollow
Sections. Standard BIS mark is also put on the sections.

NOTE

Tata Structura Hollow Sections in customized size, grade, length, surface finish and end finish may be delivered
as per agreed supply conditions.

155

SECTION PROPERTIES
Properties of Tata Structura (Square Hollow Sections)
YST 310 Grade

156

Properties of Tata Structura (Rectangular Hollow Sections)


YST 310 Grade

157

Properties of Tata Structura (Circular Hollow Sections)


YST 310 Grade

158

Pipe Supporting Structure,


Tata Steel, Jamshedpur

Proper care has been taken to ensure that all data and information herein is factual
and that numerical values are accurate.
To the best of our knowledge, all information contained in the manual is accurate at
the time of publication. However, Tata Steel does not assume any responsibility for
error in or interpretation of information in this manual or in its use.

Tata Steel Limited (Tubes SBU)


43, Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Kolkata - 700 071
Tel : +91 33 2224 8160, 2224 8636, Fax: +91 33 2288 6996
E-mail:tatastructura@tatasteel.com, Web: www.tatastructura.com
Call our toll free Helpline : 1800 345 8282

October 2011

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