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CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

1.1. Background of The Study Some years ago when human life in prehistory era and when all life were just in the cave when human must did many thing to express what they wont. They were angry when they were hungry even they must killed each other just for some foods that they felt those were theirs. All what they did was just to show about what they actually wont. That was kind of communication at that era. But since words found, communication was change to be calmer, people do communication with more politeness way. owever, words are used for change

the history of life as what !ahatma "andhi, he used words, phenomenological, and his charisma to won the war. As stated by #edy corbi$er %!antra. &'(. )*ata+ kata merupakan salah satu cara untuk membuat orang mengubah pikirannya dan mengambil tindakan yang lain,. -t means that words could be an effective rifle to make human change his . her mind and do what we wont. A word is the smallest free form in a language, in contrast to a morpheme, which is the smallest unit of meaning. )A word consists of one or more syllables to which some definite meaning is attached., %Sherwin /ody. 0112(. 3ords are kind of forms which used for communication. Typically, a word will include a root or stem, and it may also include one or more affixes. 3ords can be combined to create other units of language, such as phrases, clauses and sentences. A word

consisting of two or more stems joined together form a compound. By words people can make a conversation which has important role in doing communication which is made with certain role into it be a language. Besides some kinds of language such as body language or non verbal language. 5anguage its self may refer either to the specifically human capacity for ac6uiring and using complex systems of communication, or to a specific instance of such a system of complex communication. The human language ability is thought to be fundamentally different from and of much higher complexity than those of other species. uman language is highly complex in that it is based on a

set of rules relating symbols to their meanings, thereby forming an infinite number of possible utterances from a finite number of elements. 5anguage is thought to have originated when early hominids first started cooperating, adapting earlier systems of communication based on expressive signs to include a theory of other minds and shared intentionality. 5anguage is processed in many different locations in the human brain. )7ow, language is just as much a natural growth as trees or rocks or human bodies, and it can have no more irregularities., %Sherwin /ody. 0112(. The language it self has become deeply entrenched in human culture and apart from being used to communicate and share information, it also has social and cultural uses, such as signifying group identity. !ostly people in different place they have special ways of doing communication, such as style or dialect. Another uses of language are social stratification and for sociagrooming and entertainment.

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)5anguage must be investigated in all the variety of its function., %8oman 9akobson. 22( Talking about the function of pleasure, literary has also relationship with it. 5iterature is the kind of writing which uses the language in a special way. )5iterature is a term used to describe written or spoken material. Broadly speaking, )literature, is used to describe anything from creative writing to more technical or scientific works, but the term is most commonly used to refer to works of the creative imagination, including works of poetry, drama, fiction, and nonfiction,. %Esther Lombardi, About.com Guide( 5iterary also will give some enjoyments such as reading comic, story, watch the comedies and reading or making the poem. 5iterature is more important than just a historical or cultural artifact. :oetry is a beautiful written and expression. :oetry is a form of literary art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative 6ualities in addition to, or in lieu of, it;s apparent meaning. :oetry may be written independently, as discrete poems, or may occur in conjunction with other arts, as in poetic drama, hymns, lyric, or prose poetry. :oetry is the beautiful way to communicate beside song. But song can be created by poetry which was ever shown by Aristotle;s :oetry. -t is focused on the uses of speech in rhetoric, drama, song, and comedy. :oetry often uses particular forms and conventions to suggest alternative meanings in the words, or to increase emotional or sensual responses. #evices such as assonance, alliteration, onomatopoeia, and rhythm are sometimes used to

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achieve musical or incantatory effects. -n the lyric of the song poem is commonly include on it, it is caused both of them has some resemblances in making it. A song is a relatively short musical composition for the human voice and usually it is accompanied by other musical instruments which features words or lyrics. -t is typically for a solo singer, however, !ay also be a duet, trio, or for more voices. The words of songs are typically of a poetic, rhyming, even they may be religious verses or free prose. Hold my hand is one of some songs which include in !aher =ain debut album Thank You Allah that was released in 9anuary 011>. !aher =ain;s first musical inspiration came from his father, who was a singer himself, performing locally in Tripoli. 5ebanon. e was born at 4>?0 in

5ebanon. The family moved to Sweden when !aher was only eight and he continued his schooling over there. e spent late nights at school with his friends

where they would sing, rap, compose and experiment with music in every way. Since he joined in !oslem community in Stockholm he started active in its activities until he found the good way of helping people that is with singing and he felt fortunately. And here the researcher would like to analy$e the song;s lyric of !aher =ain in his debut album Thank You Allah under the title Hu!an"ty Ca#tured on Ho$d %y Hand &yr"c 'y %aher (a"n). 1.*. State!ent+ of The Study @rom these statements above some problems which should be discussed and anly$ed areA

4. 3hat kind of humanity captured is on old !y and;s lyricC 0. 3hat is the aim of the lyric writers wrote the lyricC 1.,. Por#o+e of The Study 8eferring to the formulation of problem, the writer wants to understand the formulation of problem above. They areA 4. To know the kind of humanity captured on old !y and;s lyric 0. To know the aim of the lyric writers wrote the lyric 1.-. Sco#e and &"!"ta"on -t is important carrying out the research to obtain more understanding about the linguistics and poetics theory and has to analy$e in literary work. -n this study it can increase the knowledge of literature. Dther researcher can follow this study in the same area such as rhyme, rhythm, tone or many other part of poetry. 1... S"gn"f"cance of The Study According to the statement above the writer confines this research into the linguistics and poetics in the song; lyric. As in Richard Clarke. Roman Jakopson )Lin uistics and !oetics. ", 9akobson argue that every oral or written verbal message has the following elements in common. They are 4. the message it;s self 0. an addresser &. an addressee <. a context B. a contact and

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a coda. This study for analy$ing a song which has a composition which contains

vocal part or lyrics are performed, because the song is a typically of a poetic and rhyming. By analy$ing the composition, it will help the reader or listener get and understand the meaning of the song contextually. 1./. Def"n"t"on of 0ey Ter! 4. 5inguistic and :oetic :oetics deals with problems of verbal structure, just as the analysis of painting is concerned with pictorial structure. Since linguistics is the global science of verbal structure, poetics may be regarded as an integral part of linguistics %8oman 9acobson in 8ichard /larke 4>?4A &&( 0. Song Song is short piece of music with words that you sing %Simpson, 9ohn E 3einen, Fdmund. oxford learner;s pocket dictionary third edition 011&A <40( &. 5yric 5yric is %of poetry( wxpressing the writer;s emotion, usually briefly and in stan$a or recogni$ed form %Simpson, 9ohn E 3einen, Fdmund. Dxford learner;s dictionarry( <. !aher =ain !aher =ain is singer and song writer. !aher =ain is the new star of !odern -slamic !usic with his meaningful songs that aim to inspire and intertain people and send a message of peace and hope to the world

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