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STRUCTURED ENGINEERS APPRENTICESHIP

PROGRAMME
(SEAP)

PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 1ST QUARTER REPORT


CHRISTIAN NICOLAUS
SEAP ID NO. 0221/13

CIVIL ENGINEERING

Contents
Contents.................................................................................................................................. 2
Introduction.............................................................................................................................. 3
DETAILS OF THE TRAINING AGREEMENT...........................................................................3
TRAINING SCHEME................................................................................................................4
OUTLINE RECORD OF ALL TECHNICAL AND PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE ..................5
INVOLVEMENT WITH PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERING BODIES ........................................6
QUARTERLY REPORT ......................................................................................................... 19

Introduction
This is 2nd quarter report which began from July 03, 2013 to Sept. 24, 2013 in which I have
fortunately begun it with a fresh project that was at its very initial stage, meaning on a mobilization
stage. The ongoing project is of construction of one storey building for Prevention of Corruption
Combating Bureau (PCCB) Musoma municipality Mara region office on Plot No. 8 & 9 Block A
nearest lake victoria (~0.5 km from TANROAD Musoma) with building permit No.
MMC/UPC/BF/2013/1139/1-6. The entitled contractor is KS Builders Ltd. registered by CRB in
class III and having its headquarters at Dar es Salaam.
PCCB Musoma Municipality Mara region office building comprises of one storey that is 21x14 m2
coverage in a Plot area of 60x30 m2 and comprising of other facilities such as guard house,
generator house, septic tank, soak-away pit, paved parking and water tank tower on the same
plot. The project is estimated to take a period of one 9 months from commencement to
commissioning.
As a remind during the first quarter we were able to work out the project from mobilization to
erection of ground floor columns for main building and part of permanent fence foundation was
also constructed.

DETAILS OF THE TRAINING AGREEMENT


TRAINEE DETAILS
NAME:

CHRISTIAN NICOLAUS

SEAP ID No: 0221/13


3

TRAINING ORGANIZATION (SEAP PROVIDER) DETAILS


NAME:

KS BUILDERS LTD.

ADDRESS: P. O. BOX 5371 DAR ES SALAAM


TEL:

0713334762

FAX:
E-mail:

ksbuildersltd@gmail.com

PROFESSIONAL TRAINING SUPERVISOR (PTS) DETAILS


NAME:

Eng. Raphael A. M. A. Mkali

ADDRESS:
TEL:
REG. #:

P. o. Box 5371

0754691537
Eng. (T) No. 337

PERIOD OF TRAINING: 9 MONTHS

TRAINING SCHEME
The elements of the training programme undertaken during the 2nd Quarter which are in progress
are briefly as outlined below.
Setting out
Procurement, scheduling utilization and recording of Materials, Labour and Plant
Weighing and Batching of concrete ingredients i.e. cement, sand, aggregate and water
Work programme preparation (preparation of Building/Civil works components)
Quality control of field/Laboratory testing of materials and building/civil works components
4

Measuring up works, costing and preparation of accounts


Staff and Labour relations

OUTLINE RECORD OF ALL TECHNICAL AND PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE


DATE

PROJECT DETAIL

TIME(MONTHS)

03/07/2013
TO
24/09/2013

BRIEF DETAILS OF PROJECT


Project Name

The Proposed Construction of


RBC Office Building for PCCB
to be Built on Plot No. 8 & 9
Block A at Musoma
Municipality

Objective

To construct the RBC office


Building for PCCB and its
related facilities.

Position
Contract Sum
Project Duration
Contractor

Site Engineer
Tsh.1,389,061,550
9 months
KS Builders Ltd.
P.O.Box 5371
Dar es salaam

The following are the activities that has been performed to the end
of second quarter 03.07.2013-24.09.2013
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.

First floor slabs and beams formworking


Reinforcement bending, fixing and setting
Batching, Mixing, Placing and Compaction of Concrete
Foundation excavation (boundary wall)
Foundation walling (Boundary wall)
Septic tank & Soak-away pit construction
Labor acquisition and supervision
Materials mobilization and storage
Preparation and implementation of work schedules
(programs)
Measuring up works, costing and preparation of accounts

INVOLVEMENT WITH PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERING BODIES

Date

Activity

08/04/2013

SEAP Induction seminar organized by the body


itself and conducted at Mviringo house

04/11/2013

SEAP Trainee Seminar for those submitting


quarterly report.

Week No: 13
DAY/DATE
Wednesday
7

JOB DESCRIPTION
-Concrete casting in the main building column formwork

HOURS
9

03/07/2013

-Boundary foundation walling


-Starter bars preparation for boundary wall columns
-Formwork erection and setting for boundary wall columns

Thursday
04/07/2013

-Formwork removal from 1st floor columns


-Boundary foundation walling
-Starter bars preparation for boundary wall columns
-Concrete casting in boundary wall columns formwork

Friday
05/07/2013

Saturday
06/07/2013

Sunday
07/07/2013

Monday
08/07/2013

Tuesday
09/07/2013

-Formwork removal from 1st floor columns


-Formwork removal from boundary wall columns
-Plinth wall plastering + cement screed on boundary foundation

-Boundary columns formwork setting and fixing


-Plinth wall plastering + cement screed on boundary foundation
-Boundary foundation walling (completion of boundary foundation)

-Concrete casting in boundary columns formwork


-Plinth wall plastering + cement screed on boundary foundation
-Preparation of beam soffits and prop poles for 1st formwork

-Preparation of beam soffits and prop poles for 1st formwork


-Plinth wall plastering + cement screed on boundary foundation
-Wall construction within stair-case bay perimeter- main building
-Formwork removal from the boundary wall columns
for
-Preparation of beam soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
-Plinth wall plastering + cement screed on boundary foundation
-Wall construction within stair-case bay perimeter- main building
-Curbstone fabrication for car parking construction

PTS Comments:

Week No: 13
DAY/DATE
Wednesday
8

JOB DESCRIPTION
-Preparation of beam soffits and prop poles for 1st floor

HOURS
9

10/07/2013

-Plinth wall plastering + cement screed on boundary foundation


-boundary wall construction on sides and rear part of fence
-Curbstone fabrication for car parking construction (450x800)

Thursday
11/07/2013

-Preparation of beam soffits and prop poles for 1st floor


-Plinth wall plastering + cement screed on boundary foundation
-boundary wall construction on sides and rear part of fence
-Curbstone fabrication for car parking construction (450x800)

Friday
12/07/2013

Saturday
13/07/2013

Sunday
14/07/2013

Monday
15/07/2013

Tuesday
16/07/2013

-Preparation of beam soffits and prop poles for 1st floor


-boundary wall construction on sides and rear part of fence
-Curbstone fabrication for car parking construction (450x800)

-Preparation of beam soffits and prop poles for 1st floor


-boundary wall construction on sides and rear part of fence
-Curbstone fabrication for car parking construction (450x800)

-Preparation of beam soffits and prop poles for 1st floor


-boundary wall construction on sides and rear part of fence
-Curbstone fabrication for car parking construction (450x800)

-Preparation of beam soffits and prop poles for 1st floor


-boundary wall construction on sides and rear part of fence
-Curbstone fabrication for car parking construction (450x800)

-Preparation of beam soffits and prop poles for 1st floor


-boundary wall construction on sides and rear part of fence
-Curbstone fabrication for car parking construction (450x800)

PTS Comments:

Week No: 13
DAY/DATE
Wednesday
9

JOB DESCRIPTION
-Setting and fixing beam soffits and prop poles for 1st floor

HOURS
9

17/07/2013

formwork
-boundary wall construction on sides and rear part of fence
-Curbstone fabrication for car parking construction (450x800)

Thursday
18/07/2013

-Setting and fixing beam soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-boundary wall construction on sides and rear part of fence
-Curbstone fabrication for car parking construction (450x800)

Friday
19/07/2013

Saturday
20/07/2013

Sunday
21/07/2013

-Setting and fixing beam soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-boundary wall construction on sides and rear part of fence
-Curbstone fabrication for car parking construction (450x800)
-Setting and fixing beam soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-boundary wall construction along sides and rear part of fence
-Curbstone fabrication for car parking construction (450x800)

-Setting and fixing beam soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-boundary wall construction along sides and rear part of fence

-Curbstone fabrication for car parking construction (450x800)


Monday
22/07/2013

Tuesday
23/07/2013

-Setting and fixing beam soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-boundary wall construction along sides and rear part of fence
-Curbstone fabrication for car parking construction (450x800)
-Setting and fixing beam soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-boundary wall construction along sides and rear part of fence
-Curbstone fabrication for car parking construction (450x800)

PTS Comments:

Week No: 13
DAY/DATE
Wednesday
10

JOB DESCRIPTION
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor

HOURS
9

24/07/2013

formwork
-boundary walls plastering + cement screed (sides and rear
part of fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
Thursday
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
25/07/2013 formwork
-boundary walls plastering + cement screed (sides and rear
part of fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
Friday
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
26/07/2013 formwork
-boundary walls plastering + cement screed (sides and rear
part of fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
Saturday
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
27/07/2013 formwork
-boundary walls plastering + cement screed (sides and rear
part of fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
Sunday
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
28/07/2013 formwork
-boundary walls plastering + cement screed (sides and rear
part of fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
Monday
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
29/07/2013 formwork
-boundary walls plastering + cement screed (sides and rear
part of fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
Tuesday
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
30/07/2013 formwork
-boundary walls plastering + cement screed (sides and rear
part of fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
PTS Comments:

Week No: 13
DAY/DATE
Wednesday
11

JOB DESCRIPTION
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor

HOURS
9

31/07/2013

formwork
-boundary walls plastering + cement screed (sides and rear
part of fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
Thursday
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
01/08/2013 formwork
-boundary walls plastering + cement screed (sides and rear
part of fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
Friday
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
02/08/2013 formwork
-boundary walls plastering + cement screed (sides and rear
part of fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
Saturday
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
03/08/2013 formwork
-boundary walls plastering + cement screed (sides and rear
part of fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
Sunday
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
04/08/2013 formwork
-boundary walls plastering + cement screed (sides and rear
part of fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
Monday
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
05/08/2013 formwork
-boundary walls plastering + cement screed (sides and rear
part of fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
Tuesday
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
06/08/2013 formwork
-boundary walls plastering + cement screed (sides and rear
part of fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
PTS Comments:

Week No: 13
DAY/DATE
Wednesday
12

JOB DESCRIPTION
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor

HOURS
9

07/08/2013

formwork
-Foundation excavation for boundary wall fence (front part)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)

Thursday
08/08/2013

-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-Foundation excavation for boundary wall fence (front part)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)

Friday
09/08/2013

Saturday
10/08/2013

Sunday
11/08/2013

Monday
12/08/2013

-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-Foundation excavation for boundary wall fence (front part)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-Foundation excavation for boundary wall fence (front part)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)

-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-Foundation excavation for boundary wall fence (front part)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)

Tuesday
13/08/2013

-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-boundary walls plastering + cement screed (sides and rear
part of fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
PTS Comments:

Week No: 13
DAY/DATE
Wednesday
13

JOB DESCRIPTION
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor

HOURS
9

14/08/2013

formwork
-Blinding concrete casting in front fence boundary foundation
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)

Thursday
15/08/2013

-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for footing (fence foundation)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)

Friday
16/08/2013

Saturday
17/08/2013

Sunday
18/08/2013

Monday
19/08/2013

Tuesday
20/08/2013

-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for footing (fence foundation)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-Footing reinforcement setting (front fence wall foundation)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-Concrete casting in front fence foundation
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-Formwork setting and fixing for front fence wall columns
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)
-Setting and fixing slab soffits and prop poles for 1st floor
formwork
-Concrete casting in columns (front boundary wall for fence)
-Reinforcement cutting and bending for beams (links)

PTS Comments:

Week No: 13
DAY/DATE
Wednesday
14

JOB DESCRIPTION
-First floor canopy formworking slab soffit + sides

HOURS
9

21/08/2013

-Aggregate and sand preparation for concrete casting

Thursday
22/08/2013

-First floor canopy formworking slab soffit + sides


-Aggregate and sand preparation for concrete casting
9

Friday
23/08/2013

-First floor canopy formworking slab soffit + sides


-Aggregate and sand preparation for concrete casting
9

Saturday
24/08/2013

-First floor canopy formworking slab soffit + sides


-Aggregate and sand preparation for concrete casting
9

Sunday
25/08/2013

-First floor canopy formworking slab soffit + sides


-Aggregate and sand preparation for concrete casting
9

Monday
26/08/2013

Tuesday
27/08/2013

-Cutting, bending and fixing beams reinforcement bars (1st floor)


-Spacer block tying for beams (25mm)
-Foundation walling for front boundary walls

-Cutting, bending and fixing beams reinforcement bars (1st floor)


-Spacer block tying for beams (25mm)
-Foundation walling for front boundary walls

PTS Comments:

Week No: 13
DAY/DATE
Wednesday
15

JOB DESCRIPTION
-Cutting, bending and fixing beams reinforcement bars (1st floor)

HOURS
9

28/08/2013

-Spacer block tying for beams (25mm)


-Foundation walling for front boundary walls

Thursday
29/08/2013

-Cutting, bending and fixing beams reinforcement bars (1st floor)


-Spacer block tying for beams (25mm)
-Foundation walling for front boundary walls

-Cutting, bending and fixing beams reinforcement bars (1st floor)


-Spacer block tying for beams (25mm)
-Foundation walling for front boundary walls

-Cutting, bending and fixing beams reinforcement bars (1st floor)


-Spacer block tying for beams (25mm)
-Foundation plinth wall plastering and cement screed-boundary

-Cutting, bending and fixing beams reinforcement bars (1st floor)


-Spacer block tying for beams (25mm)
-Foundation plinth wall plastering and cement screed-boundary

-Cutting, bending and fixing beams reinforcement bars (1st floor)


-Spacer block tying for beams (25mm)
-Foundation plinth wall plastering and cement screed-boundary

-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)


B1 & B2
-Foundation plinth wall plastering and cement screed-boundary

Friday
30/08/2013

Saturday
31/08/2013

Sunday
01/09/2013

Monday
02/09/2013

Tuesday
03/09/2013

PTS Comments:

Week No: 13
DAY/DATE
Wednesday
16

JOB DESCRIPTION
-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)

HOURS
9

04/09/2013

B1 & B2
-Foundation plinth wall plastering boundary wall

Thursday
05/09/2013

-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)


B1 & B2
-Foundation plinth wall plastering boundary wall

-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)


B1 & B2
-Foundation plinth wall plastering boundary wall

-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)


B1 & B2
-Foundation plinth wall plastering boundary wall

-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)


B1 & B2
-Foundation plinth wall plastering boundary wall

Friday
06/09/2013

Saturday
07/09/2013

Sunday
08/09/2013

Monday
09/09/2013

Tuesday
10/09/2013

-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)


B1 & B2
-Spacer block tying for slabs (20mm)
-Block laying for front boundary walls
-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)
B1 & B2
-Spacer block tying for slabs (20mm)
-Block laying for front boundary walls

PTS Comments:

Week No: 13
DAY/DATE
Wednesday
17

JOB DESCRIPTION
-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)

HOURS
9

11/09/2013

B1 & B2
-Spacer block tying for slabs (20mm)
-Block laying for front boundary walls

Thursday
12/09/2013

-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)


T1 & T2
-Spacer block tying for slabs (20mm)
-Block laying for front boundary walls

Friday
13/09/2013

Saturday
14/09/2013

Sunday
15/09/2013

Monday
16/09/2013

Tuesday
17/09/2013

-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)


T1 & T2
-Spacer block tying for slabs (20mm)
-Block laying for front boundary walls
-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)
T1 & T2
-Spacer block tying for slabs (20mm)
-Block laying for front boundary walls
-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)
T1 & T2
-Spacer block tying for slabs (20mm)
-Block laying for front boundary walls

-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)


T1 & T2
-Spacer block tying for slabs (20mm)

-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)


T1 & T2
-Spacer block tying for slabs (20mm)

PTS Comments:

Week No: 13
DAY/DATE
Wednesday
18

JOB DESCRIPTION
-Cutting, bending and fixing slabs reinforcement bars (1st floor)

HOURS
9

18/09/2013

T1 & T2
-Spacer block tying for slabs (20mm)
m

Thursday
19/09/2013

-Inspection of formwork and reinforcement by consulting Engineer


-Setting out septic and soak-away pit along the rear side
of the main building

-Construction of staircase for access on first flow during concrete


casting
-Excavation of septic tank + soak-away pit

-Construction of staircase for access on first flow during concrete


casting
-Excavation of septic tank + soak-away pit

Friday
20/09/2013

Saturday
21/09/2013

Sunday
22/09/2013

-Concrete casting on first floor beams and slabs


-Excavation of septic tank + soak-away
9

Monday
23/09/2013

-Concrete casting on first floor beams and slabs


-Excavation of septic tank + soak-away
9

Tuesday
24/09/2013

-Excavation of septic tank + soak-away


9

PTS Comments:

QUARTERLY REPORT
STATE OF THE PROJECT AT THE END OF 2ND QUARTER

19

As I have introduced earlier, the project commenced on 10/04/2013 and up to the end of second
quarter .i.e. 24/09/2013 the following major activities have been done:a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.

First floor slabs and beams formworking


Reinforcement bending, fixing and setting
Batching, Mixing, Placing and Compaction of Concrete
Foundation excavation (boundary wall)
Foundation walling (Boundary wall)
Septic tank & Soak-away pit construction
Labor acquisition and supervision
Materials mobilization and storage
Preparation and implementation of work schedules (programs)
Measuring up works, costing and preparation of accounts

A. FIRST FLOOR SLABS AND BEAMS FORMWORKING

Throughout the process of formwork construction the following issues were given attention as
they seem to be essential and basic.
i.

ii.
iii.

20

Strength: Forms and shutters were constructed to support dead weight, live load and
hydrostatic pressure caused by the fluid action of fresh concrete. The pressure of the freshly
cast concrete increase proportionately with depth of the concrete hence firm bracing of the
formwork.
Speedy erection and easy dismantling: To accelerate the speed of construction formworks
were constructed such that they should be simple and easily erected and dismantled without
causing damage to the concrete.
Joint tightness: To avoid cement leakage and fine aggregate from the concrete we
constructed formwork that are tight enough to provide liquid retaining properties of the
formwork.

Rigidity: In construction, formworks were braced and supported adequately to ensure no


movement may take place under wind action or when concrete is being placed or vibrated.
Also rigidity was maintained to keep the concrete member within the allowable tolerances.
Reuse: We were able to reuse more than once most of formworks that were constructed by
using bolts and nuts compared to those nailed.

iv.
v.

After erection of ground floor columns, wood formwork for first floor slabs and beams followed.
Slabs and beams formwork were supported on the ground floor except for the parapet walls
(canopy) which were supported on 150x50mm sole plate based on blocks continuous under few
props as the figure bellow illustrate

1. BEAMS FORMWOK ERECTION

21

In a typical reinforced concrete building frame, the slabs are the primary load carrying
element. They transfer their load to secondary elements such as walls or beams.
In constructing floor formwork after column erections the formwork for beams were
constructed and fixed in space as follows

Beam soffits: These are the pieces cut from marine plywood in corresponding to beam width
(b = 230mm) and fixed on the columns faces as per beam span and supported by props.
Beam soffits level were checked and corrected to correspond horizontal level. Erection of
props were done first and firmly supported.

Erection of props: Props were basically of timber poles spaced at 50mm c/c and supported
on the ground floor with double wedges system that ensure no lateral movement that occur
during concrete casting. Props were perfectly plumbed at the time of pouring the concrete.
Props were nailed with struts support plywood beam soffits

Prop system to support beam soffit


Side shutters: After fixing props and soffits of props side shutters were set and leveled and
fixed. Have look of complete beam formwork below.

22

A complete beam formwork.


2. SLAB DECK CONSTRUCTION:

After construction of beams formwork at an adequate requirements construction of slab deck


cast in-situ continued. The erection sequence for construction slab deck formwork that we
employed during construction include the following:a. Determining of bearer spacing: Generally the spacing of bearer were taking as
50mm c/c
b. Erecting bearers and joist: Positioning bearers for a suspended slab were the same
as for a beam however it is was important that sole plates were firmly bedded on level
23

concrete ground floor. Side of major penetrations were covered to surpass leakage
during concrete casting.
c. Fixing the sheeting: The position of joists was determined by the sheet length, in this
case the length of plywood which is 240cm by 120cm, and the c/c spacing of the
intermediate joists. Sheeting were done by nailing plywood on joists as close as
possible to minimize leakage.

Slab decking preparation

Sheeting of the slab deck

24

3. STAIRCASE FORMWORKING.
The formula that we used to erect and fix staircase formwork was similar to that of slab
except for the case of sloping soffit of the staircase slab and raisers that make the difference.
Steps raised by 150mm and horizontally 300mm. The first run i.e. the stairs from the ground
floor are supported from ground to mid of the floor (landing) height by beam and from to the
first floor as you can see on the figure below.

Staircase formwork
N.B. After construction of first floor formwork service system i.e. electrical, data and telephone
trunks were placed on the sheeting as per service engineer drawings together with plumbing
pipes
The following were done after construction of formwork and fixing service system

25

Clearing the deck for all debris

Marking out for reinforcement

Application for realese agent in which we applied oil

Fixing reinforcement in accordance with structural details

Final engineer inspection and concrete casting.

B. REINFORCEMENT ARRANGEMENT AND FIXING IN ACCORDANCE WITH STRUCTURAL


DETAILS

1. REINFORCEMENT TEST
As a matter of principle every materials in construction should be tested to comply with
standard specified in building specification, so before we undertook reinforcement fixing for
the first floor we brought supplied reinforcement bars to laboratory for testing. Due to the fact
that most of materials that we are using here at site are ordered from Dar es Salaam we also
did testing at University of Dar es salaam build materials laboratory and submit certified copy
of test results to project manager and structural engineer for approval.
2. BEAMS REINFORCEMENT
Beams reinforcement bars were prepared as per structural detailing drawings by our steel
fixer and placed appropriately to each beam with my supervision. According to reinforcement
detail from structural engineer, beams were arranged such that beams contain four bars of
16 and tied together by link bars of 8 spaced at 175mm c/c. as showing on the attached
drawings of beams at back of this report. Both tension and compression bars were spaced by
25mm for cover while placing and fixing.
3. SLAB REINFORCEMENT
Slab deck was reinforced by 12 spaced at 200mm c/c and with cover of 20mm both bottom
and top bars. Slab reinforcement contains bottom 1 & 2 and top 1 & 2 these bars were fixed
and spaced by spacer bars magoli.
26

After arrangement and f ixing of reinforcement we invite engineer for inspection and
approval.
C. BATCHING, MIXING, PLACING AND COMPACTION OF CONCRETE
i.

Batching and Mixing

Concrete mixing on site is prepared by using potable water from the Musoma municipal water
supply, free-dust-aggregate and fine grain sand as per specifications.
Batching is done by weight and minimum of one bag per batch while maximum of 10 cement bags
per batch is being used.
The already casted concrete grades are C25, C20, C15 and C7
There are two concrete mixing machines in which there is transit Mixer for large volume cast and
the mixing Drum for moderate concrete volume cast.
Consulting Engineer ordered for the test of both cement, sand, aggregate and water that we are
using for concrete mixing, so for every concrete casting we were preparing a concrete cubes
ready for 7days and 28 days as per specification.
ii.

Casting/placing and compaction

Concrete casting/placing is being done by using 10lts buckets by casual labors and porker
vibrator is used to compact the placed concrete within the contained formwork.

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