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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670 Line Differential Protection IED Diff Communication

ABB AB, 2007 2008-01-30 1

Substation Automation and Protection Training

Contents

Diff Communication Synchronization of the internal clock Configuration Settings Exercise

ABB AB, 2007 2008-01-30 2

Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Diff Communication

Tx Rx

Rx Tx

Serial Digital Synchronous 64 kbps

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Principal of operation; Master- Master


A B

IA
Local Trip Master Local Trip

IB

IA

Slave

IB
IDiff TRIP

IBias
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2008-01-30 4

Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Principal of operation; Master- Slave


A

IA
Local Trip Master Remote Trip

IB

Slave

IB
IDiff TRIP

IBias
ABB AB, 2007

Slave is selected by set Operation=OFF


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RED 670, Diff communication Master Master

Master

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Diff communication Slave Channel is lost Slave

Master

Automatic switch from master to Slave in case of loss of communication

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RED 670, Diff communication

Current sample telegram sent

Current sample telegram sent

Current sample telegram sent

Current sample telegram sent

Current sample telegram sent

Current sample telegram sent

Current sample telegram sent

Current sample telegram sent

10

15

20

25

30

35

Time (ms)

Current sampling moment

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Communication, transfer of binary signals


Binary transfer 64 kbit Communication

Separate binary transfer via the communication channel for the differential protection Protection independent Security achieved with bit check

External signals

Internal signals

8 separate binary signals Mix of external and internal signals


64 kbit communication

U
ABB AB, 2007

Diff
Diff etc..

Trip R Trip S Trip T

Differential protection function

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Communication, transfer of binary signals

In each telegram there are eight binary signals freely configurable by the user in PCM 600 configuration tool or Signal Matrix Tool These signals can be used for any purpose. External or Internal binary signals - external via binary input card - internal logical signals, for example block autoreclosure at remote end at cable fault

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

Contents

Diff Communication Synchronization of the internal clock


General/Settings/System Setup/Fault Tracing/Requirements

Configuration Settings Exercise

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Telecom Network for Utilities Can we send protection signals via the cloud of telecom networks with satisfactory security and dependability ?

Telecom Network
RED 670 RED 670

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Power-line Protection Signals Requirements:


Secure Dependable In time / Transparently transmitted Protected against misrouting Scalable in redundancy Has to operate in harsh environment Traceable (Event recording)

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670,Telecom Networks for differential protection


What is the problem???

Back to back
RED 670
Modem Modem

RED 670

Defined Communication time and quality

Route switched systems


RED 670
Modem

Telecom network
Modem

RED 670

Varying Communication time and quality

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Application areas for RED 670 in telecommunication networks

(I) Telecommunication networks with fixed or symmetric routes, where echo timing can be used -back-to-back systems included
(II) Telecommunication

networks with unspecified route switching, where the accurate global time in the GPS (Global Positioning System) is required. -echotiming as fall back when the GPS fails

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Telecom Network for Utilities


Substation Control Centre
Access Access Access

Access

STM-1 STM-4 8 Mbit/s

RT

Power Plant
PLC - Link

Access
RT

- OPGW - ADSS - burried

ETL

ETL

Back Bone Digital Network


Headquarter
STM-1 Access Access 8 Mbit/s Access HDSL 2Mbit/S copper wire Access

ISDN DATA

ISDN

ABB AB, 2007

2008-01-30 16

Substation Automation and Protection Training

B 78 030 E (11.98)

Regional Office

RED 670, Telecom Networks for differential protection


For utility communication PDH/SDH systems are most common Other systems > x Gbit/second

ATM/IP systems > 622 Mbit/second SDH systems > 2 Mbit/second PDH systems < 2 Mbit/second

RED 670
ABB AB, 2007

PDH, Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy SDH, Synchronous Digital Hierarchy

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Telecom Network

PDH, Plesiochronous* Digital Hierarchy < 2 Mbit SDH, Synchronous Digital Hierarchy > 2 Mbit
Package Swichted networks Frame Relay ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode IP Internet protocol (ATM) MPLS Multiprotocol label switching DWDM Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing

* Plesio is the Greek word for almost


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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy-PDH Transmission History


In the 1960s and 1970s PDH (Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy 1) ) was developed as an international standard to transmit voice and data PDH is mainly optimised for telephony ITU-T defined standards for PDH is based on several levels of Multiplexers ITU-T is the new name for CCITT telecommunication standard organisation

ABB AB, 2007

1) Plesio is the Greek for almost 2) rd for almost


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RED 670, Synchronous Digital Hierarchy, SDH


To overcome PDH shortcomings, ITU-T defined a new transmission standard:

The SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy to


access 2Mbit/s signals in any level of a data stream have an integrated network management channel with routing functionality in every network element standardise the complete technology including - frame formats, - multiplexing schemes - synchronisation allow bit-rates of up to 10 GBit/s in one signal


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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Why still PDH, Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy?


The lowest bit-rate SDH defines is 2Mbit/s. PDH provides widely accepted and implemented standards to transport voice and data signals over 64kBit/s channels Instead of defining new standards for SDH, to encode voice and data, G703/G704 together with a variety of other PDH standards are used

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Telecom Networks for differential protection


The protection requirement is that only one clock in the PDH/SDH system is used as Master clock.*

SDH systems > 2 Mbit/second PDH systems < 2 Mbit/second Master clock* 2 Mbit G703 E1 21-219 The clock is only supervised in the SDH system

RED 670

64 kbit/s G703 21-216

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Telecom Networks for utilities Exact Transmission speed at hierarchical levels for ITU standard G 703
Level 0 1 2 3 4 Speed 64 kb/s 2048 kbit/s 8.448 Mb/s 34.368 Mb/s 139.264 M/ps E1 E2 E3 E4 G703

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, IEEE C37.94/G703 link via Telecom network

Galvanic
21-219 or 21-216

Telecom Network

21-219 or 21-216

Optic

RED 670 with C37.94 -direct -via modem


RED 670
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RED 670

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, with Echo-timing


Tolerates different routes and different time delays in forward and reverse direction only during switching - Max switch time 2 seconds
Three end application (Protection Master-Slave) Maximum transmission time Td < 40 ms (2x20 ms) < 0,2-2ms* difference continuous

C B RED 670

R Protection E slave D
ABB AB, 2007

RED 670

RED 670

Protection slave

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*Depending on required sensitivity 6 7 0


Substation Automation and Protection Training

Protection master

RED 670, Transmission delay compensation (Echo)


Terminal A
Dt

Terminal B
Dt

Compensation for route


switched communication Maximum security and sensitivity Maximum Td 20 ms)
A B T1 T2 T3

ClockTime ClockTime stamp stamp Master Master Delay measurement every 5 ms (each message) Resolution 1 ms Ref remote w Synchronised in each terminal
ABB AB, 2007

Ref local w

Transmission Delay Td = Time difference Dt =

T4 (t 4 - t 1) - (t 3 t 2 ) 2 (t 2+ t 3 ) 2

(t 1+ t 4 ) 2

Considering the measured delay:


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RED 670, with Echo-timing Unspecified route switching can not be handled. The allowed deviation between the internal clocks (2-5) must then be limited. Maximum deviation is a setting parameter - setting range 0,2-2ms- depending on min. sensitivity
Terminal A
t

Terminal B (C/D/E)
t

ClockTime stamp Master

ClockTime stamp Master

Maxtdifflevel
ABB AB, 2007

Maximum time difference level


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RED 670, with Echo-timing/maximum time difference


MaxtDiffLevel: 0,2-2 ms depending on set sensitivity

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, with Echo-timing


Security function
Time scale x 2

dt D

Scattering

To avoid that accumulated small changes < Maxtdifflevel gives unwanted trip additional features are added

en07000161.vsd

D = Dead-band time difference ,DeadbandtDiff) dt = Measured change (defined as assymmetry) > Four acumulated dt below Maxtdifflevel blocks protection.
ABB AB, 2007

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, with Echo-timing

Dead band time difference-Deadbandtdiff; default + 200 us DeadbandtDiff equals dead band time difference. This setting is used to compensate for measuring inaccuracy due to scattering when accumulating changes smaller than MaxtDiffLevel.
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ABB AB, 2007

RED 670, with Echo-timing


Virtual error in Ampere at different time deviation (Synchronization error)

3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 Fault current at external faults (kA)
ABB AB, 2007

Time error=0.4 ms Time error=0.2 ms Time error=0.1 ms

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, with Echo-timing


Virtual error in Ampere at different time deviations (Synchronization error)
7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 Fault current at external faults (kA)

Time error=1 ms Time error=0.8 ms Time error=0.6 ms

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, with GPS-timing


RED 670 tolerates unspecified route GPS system required for set up GPS loss tolerated with: switching in telecommunication - Free-wheeling internal clocks systems (SDH/PDH) - Fall back to the echo method
Three end Application (Protection master-slave) GPS clock
A RED 670 B RED 670

Unspecified route switching


C RED 670

GPS clock

ABB AB, 2007

Maximum transmission time Td < 40 ms (forward + reverse)


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GPS clock

RED 670, Built-in GPS time synchronizer


ABB

High Accuracy output -Accuracy < 1s Note. IRIG- B standard GPS time information format can not be used Accuracy +- 1 ms

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, with GPS-timing


The GPS global time synchronization has two modes, fast or slow. The mode can be selected in the HMI or PCM 600
HMI window Setting -Time - Synchronization -Time synchronization - Time adjustment rate Recommended settings: Comissioning With GPS Only echotiming In service Echotiming and no GPS GPS and echotiming as back-up GPS

Fast or slow Fast (<10 min diffblock at start-up) Slow Slow Slow (< 3h to shift to GPS from echo) Fast (<10 min diffblock at start-up)

The time synchronization rate limitation is needed due to 64 kbit channel capacity.
ABB AB, 2007

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Hardware structure


C 37.94 64 kbit/s communication module up to four ports

Possibility for redundant channels (for 2 and 3 terminals) Fibre optical module for dedicated single mode fibers, typical 70/130 km C37.94 direct to PCM < 3 km X21 direct to PCM < 100 m External G.703 converter,64 kbit PDH or 2 Mbit SDH Two local analogue inputs for differential protection Additional local inputs for complementary protection

TRM 1 AD1 NUM GSM BIM BIM BOM IOM MIM

PSM

CB1

CB2
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CB3

No external summation
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RED 670, Line differential Communication Module (LDCM)


C37.94 communication for differential protection or binary transfer Up to 4 modules per IED670

Multimode fiberoptic 50/125 m or 62,5/125 m Optical budget - 9 dB or 13 dB - Typical distance <3 km back to back or to telecommunication multiplexer

Single mode fiberoptic 9/125 m for 70-130 km

ABB AB, 2007 2008-01-30 37

Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Line differential Communication Module (LDCM) 1-4 LDCM with direct fibre (multi mode)< 3 km

LD

CM CM

LD

CM CM

LD

LD

1-4 LDCM with direct fibre (single mode) < 70/130 km

LD

OM OM

LD

OM M

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LD

O LD

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Line differential Communication Module (LDCM) LDCM with an external optical to galvanic interface, For example to G703 64 kBit or G703 E1
Multiplexer
Telecom. Network

Multiplexer

*)
LD CM CM CM LD CM LD

*)

LD

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Line differential Communication Module (LDCM) LDCM with built-in galvanic interface for ITU X21

Multiplexer
Telecom. Network

Multiplexer

LD

CM CM

LD

CM

LD

CM LD

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Redundant communication channels For two- or three line ends

Telecom. Network
LD M C LD M C LD M C LD M C

Telecom. Network

Primary channel Secondary redundant (reserve) channel

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Redundant communication with two channels in 21-219

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Communication system set-up

Telecom Network
RED 670 RED 670

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

Transceiver 21-216 as slave in a PDH system


LOCAL < 10 m < 10 m REMOTE

RED 670

Transciever 21-216

PDH MUX

PDH MUX

Transciever 21-219 Multi-mode Fiber optic < 3 km

Multi-mode Fiber optic < 3 km

Galvanic connection Interface G.703 E1 (2MB) SDH Master G704 (framed etc .)

Galvanic connection Interface G.703 E1 (2MB)

Slaves

Slaves (External clock )

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

21-216 as slave in a PDH/SDH system


LOCAL < 10 m < 10 m REMOTE

RED 670

Transciever 21-216

PDH SDH MUX MUX

SDH PDH MUX MUX

Transciever 21-216 Multi-mode Fiber optic < 3 km

Multi-mode Fiber optic < 3 km

Galvanic connection Interface G.703 E1 (2MB) Slaves SDH Master G704 (framed etc .)

Galvanic connection Interface G.703 E1 (2MB)

Slaves (External clock )

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

Statnetts PDH/SDH telecommunicationssystem

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

Transceiver 21-216 connection and setting


RJ45 pin 1 2 4 5 Metalhouse Name Tx+ (TIP-out) Tx- (RING-out) Rx+ (TIP-in) RX- (Ring-in Shield Direction From 21-216 to multiplexer From 21-216 to multiplexer From multiplexer to 21-216 From multiplexer To 21-216 Cable shield

Position 0; External clock (Slave) Position 1; Internal clock (Master)


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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Tranceiver 21-216 interface connection

ABB AB, 2007 2008-01-30 48

Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670 with built-in galvanic X21 interface

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, X21 pin outs


Pin Name Dir Description Type 1 N/A Shield Ground 2 T (A) --> Transmit (A) Data 3 C (A) --> Control (B) Control 4 R (A) <-- Receive (A) Data 5 I (A) <-- Indication (A) Control (not used) 6 S (A) <-- Signal Timing (A) Timing 7 B (A) <-- Byte Timing (A) Timing (not used) 8 G Ground Ground 9 T (B) --> Transmit (B) Data 10 C (B) --> Control (B) Control 11 R (B) <-- Receive (B) Data 12 I (B) <-- Indication (B) Control (not used) 13 S (B) <-- Signal Timing (B) Timing 14 B (B) <-- Byte Timing (B) Timing (not used)
ABB AB, 2007

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

21-219 as Master in a PDH/SDH system


LOCAL < 10 m < 10 m REMOTE

RED 670/

Transciever 21-219

SDH MUX

SDH MUX

Transciever 21-219

RED 670

Multi-mode Fiber optic < 3km

Galvanic connection Interface G.703 E1 (2MB) Transparent

Multi-mode Galvanic Fiber optic connection < 3 km Interface G.703 E1 (2MB) Slaves, external clocks

Slave

21-219 Master

ABB AB, 2007

21-219 is the PDH multiplexer


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21-219 as slave in a SDH system


LOCAL < 10 m < 10 m REMOTE

RED 670

Transciever 21-219

SDH MUX

SDH MUX

Transciever 21-219 Multi-mode Fiber optic < 3 km

Multi-mode Fiber optic < 3 km

Galvanic connection Interface G.703 E1 (2MB) SDH Master G704 (framed etc .)

Galvanic connection Interface G.703 E1 (2MB)

Slaves

Slaves (External clock )

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

Tranceiver 21-219 interference protection

ABB AB, 2007 2008-01-30 53

Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Communication fault tracing


Information available on the HMI On the HMI of RED 670 and the 670 series, the status of the remote communication can be supervised. The available information is also useful at fault tracing. The information on the HMI can be found in the following HMI tree Enter -Test - Function status -Communication -Remote communication -LDCM (slot); Line Differential Communication - CRM ( no 1-4) Communication remote multi (analogue + binary) or - CRB (no 1-4) Communication remote binary
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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Fault tracing on the HMI


Remote communication/LDCM(slot)/CRM for RED 670 and /CRB for the 670 series
Signal name Normal (Example) 1,540 50 10 Faulty (Example) Specification Explanation SMT CRM Timer Counter Counter Transmission delay (Duplex loop), ms No of short interruptions,20-50 ms No of medium interruptions, 50-150 ms No of long interruptions, >150 ms Communication status/no of received messages Communication failure (> set delay 100 ms in service, 5-10 ms for fault tracing.) 19 19 SMT CRB

TransmDelay NoOfShInterr NoOfMEDInterr

NoOfLongInterr COMMStatus COMFAIL

5 OK 0

NoRXD 1

Counter Status Status

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Fault tracing on the HMI


Signal name NoofTXD NoOfRXD Ybit AsymDelay Normal (Example) 100 % 100.000 0 0,5 ms Faulty (Example) <100% <100% 1 Specific. Status Status Status Setting/ GPSms Status Explanation No of sent messages, % No of received messages, % Detected error in incoming message in remote end Asymmetric delay (Setting in echo mode or measured with GPS timing.) No carrier is detected in the incoming message. Group signal - Logical OR for: -LINK_ LOST No input data stream at the optical receiver -SYNC_LOST The clock synchronization is lost -C37 ERROR. Error at the C37.94 fiberoptic receiver (Faulty format) 25 25 13 13
SMT CRM SMT CRB

NOCARR

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Fault tracing on the HMI


Signal name NOMESS ADRERR LNGTHERR CRCERROR TRDELERR* SYNCERR* REMCOMFAIL REMGPSER* SUBSTITU* Normal (Example) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Faulty (Example) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Spec. Status Status Status Status Status Status Status Status Status Explanation No start and stop flags in the incoming message Incoming message from a non-valid address Incorrect length for the incoming message CRC-error in incoming message Transmission delay error, > 40 ms Error in echo timing synchronization Error in received messages at remote end Error in GPS synchronization at remote end Link error, differential protection blocked. Analogue values are substituted with zero. Low signal level in the receive link SMT CRM 24 14 23 15 16 17 18 20 21 SMT CRB 24 14 23 15 N.A* N.A* 18 N.A* N.A*

LOWLEVEL

Status

26

26

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Fault tracing on 21-216

Check Clock synchronization configuration master/slave Selected channel 1-4 with yellow LEDs normally LED 1= channel 1 (1-12) RA LA ERR LF LT RxF RxT
ABB AB, 2007

Remote Alarm. Red LED -Ybit =Yellow Alarm bit in the IEEE C37.94 protocol. Local Alarm. Red LED error in the received IEEE C37.94 protocol LOS Loss Of Signal. Yellow Alarm bit in the outgoing IEEE C37.94 protocol. Internal Error. Red LED ( also not allowed setting of jumpers) Link Fiber. Green LED. C0rrect IEEE C37.94 frames, Link Green LED. Receives G.703 codir 64kbit/s protocol.correctly Receive data on Fiber. Green LED. Receives data in IEEE C37.94 format. Receive data on Twisted pair/G.703 codir.. Green LED Receives data in G.703 codir protocol.

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Fault tracing on 21-219


Normal configuration; External clock, HEX-switch is on position 0

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Fault tracing on 21-219

The LEDs to the left of fiber optic ports are indicators for Channel 0. The LEDs to the right of fiber optic ports are indicators for Channel 1. RA LA St LI TxD RxD
ABB AB, 2007

Remote Alarm. Red LED -Ybit =Yellow Alarm bit in the IEEE C37.94 protocol. Local Alarm. Red LED error in the received IEEE C37.94 protocol LOS Loss Of Signal. Yellow Alarm bit in the outgoing IEEE C37.94 protocol Status. Red LED when outgoing data on fiber has AIS-condition Link Fiber. Green LED for correct IEEE C37.94 frames. Flashes for low power. Received E1data sent on IEEE C37.94. Yellow LED for data in IEEE C37.94 format. Receive IEEE C37.94 data on fiber. Yellow LED for data in IEEE C37.94 protocol.

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Fault tracing by loop-back tests

LOCAL

REMOTE

RED 670

RED 670 21-216 PDH* SDH Test 2 Test 3 Test 1 Test 4 Fiberoptic or galvanic loop-back * PDH Mux = 21-219 (no 21-216)

21-216 PDH SDH Test 6 Test 7 Test 5

Test 1 Rx-Tx Test 2, test 3, test 6, test 7 ; Rx+ to Tx +, Rx- to TxTest 4, test 5 Rx-Tx

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Fault tracing by loop-back tests


Loop back test sequence.
Set the local relay and the remote relay with the same address Setting of the Line Differential Communication module- LDCM - general settings - communication - LDCM communication -LDCM (slot no) - CRM(no) or CRB(No) for the 670 series Terminal No [] Remote terminal No same [ ] - Echo Synchronization On or Off - GPS synchronization Off or On - Commsync Master or slave* The synchronization method shall in principal be the same in the loop-back tests as in actual service. However, there must always be one master clock in the loop under test.
ABB AB, 2007

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Requirement on Telecom Networks for Utilities


Substation Control Centre
Access Access Access

STM-1 STM-4 Access 8 Mbit/s

RT

Power Plant
PLC - Link

Access
RT

- OPGW - ADSS - burried

ETL

ETL

Back Bone Digital Network


Headquarter
STM-1 Access Access 8 Mbit/s Access HDSL 2Mbit/S copper wire Access

ISDN DATA

ISDN

ABB AB, 2007

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Requirement on Telecom Networks for Utilities


The communication requirements are based on echo timing. Bit Error Rate (BER) according to ITU-T G.821, G.826 and G.828 <10-6 according to the standard for data and voice transfer Bit Error Rate (BER) for high availability of the differential protection <10-8-10-9 during normal operation <10-6 during disturbed operation During disturbed conditions, the trip security function in RED 670 can cope with high bit error rates up to 10-5 or even up to 10-4. The trip security can be configured to be independent of COMFAIL from the differential protection communication supervision, or blocked when COMFAIL is issued after receive error >100ms. (Default)

ABB AB, 2007

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

B 78 030 E (11.98)

Regional Office

RED 670, Requirement on Telecom Networks for Utilities


Synchronization in SDH systems with G703 E1 According to ITU-T G.803, G.810-13 One master clock for the actual network The actual port Synchronized to the SDH system clock at 2048 kbit Synchronization; bit synchronized, synchronized mapping Maximum clock deviation <50 ppm nominal, <100 ppm operational Jitter and Wander according to ITU-T G.823 and G.825 Buffer memory <250 s, <100 s asymmetric difference Format G 704 frame, structured etc. Format. No CRC-check
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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Requirement on Telecom Networks for Utilities


Synchronization in PDH systems connected to SDH systems with G703 E1

Independent synchronization, asynchronous mapping The actual SDH port synchronized from external master clock, i.e. from one of the 21-19 modems in Master-Slave mode Maximum clock deviation <50 ppm nominal, <100 ppm operational Jitter and Wander according to ITU-T G.823 and G.825 Buffer memory <100 s Format: Transparent No CRC check Loop time < 40 ms continuous (2 x 20 ms)

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Requirement on Telecom Networks for Utilities

RED 670 with echo synchronization of differential clock (without GPS clock) Both channels must have the same route with maximum asymmetry of 0,2-1.0 ms, depending on set sensitivity of the differential protection. A fixed asymmetry can be compensated. Setting of asymmetric delay in built in HMI or the parameter setting tool PST in PCM 600. RED 670 with GPS clock Independent of asymmetry.

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Substation Automation and Protection Training

RED 670, Telecom Networks for Utilities Can we send protection signals via the cloud of telecom networks with satisfactory security and dependability ?

Telecom Network
RED 670 RED 670

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Substation Automation and Protection Training