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Chapter 10 Review Worksheet

Name __________________________________________

1) The senses can be separated into somatic and special senses. List those that fall into each.

2) List the five general types of sensory receptors

3) What is sensory adaptation?

4) What are the three types of touch and pressure sensors, and where are they found?

5) What are the two types of thermoreceptors, and what temperatures do they recognize?

6) What stimulates surface pain receptors?

7) Why is it a positive thing that pain receptors are not adaptive?

8) What part of the body lacks pain receptors?

9) What stimulates visceral pain receptors?

10) What is referred pain, why does it occur, and give an example.

11) What are the two types of pain nerve fibers, and what type of pain do they stimulate?

12) What parts of the brain interpret pain impulses?

13) What is the primary cause of a tension headache?

14) What are the three neuropeptides which help to control pain? How do they work?

15) What are the special senses, and what is the organ of each?

16) Where are olfactory receptors located?

17) Trace the pathway of an olfactory impulse from a receptor to the cerebrum.

18) What are the five primary taste sensations?

19) How many taste buds does the human tongue have?

20) Why is saliva necessary for taste?

21) Capsaicin stimulates what types of receptors?

22) Trace a sensory impulse from a taste receptor to the cerebral cortex.

23) What are the three parts of the outer ear?

24) What does the tympanic membrane look like?

25) What are the three parts of the middle ear?

26) What is the function of the Eustachian tube?

27) Distinguish between the osseous and membranous labyrinth

28) Describe the organ of Corti

29) Give the steps in the generation of the sensory impulses from the ear.

30) Distinguish between the two types of equilibrium

31) What structures provide the sense of static equilibrium?

32) What structures provide the sense of dynamic equilibrium?

33) How does sensory information from other receptors help maintain equilibrium?

34) What is the cause of motion sickness and give an example.

35) What muscles open and close the eye?

36) Trace the path of tears through the lacrimal apparatus.

37) What are the three layers of the eye?

38) How does the shape of the lens change during accommodation?

39) Why would reading something for a long time cause eye fatigue, while looking at something distant is restful?

40) Explain the source of the aqueous humor and trace its path through the eye.

41) What are the two types of iris muscle fibers? What is the function of each?

42) What is the cause of glaucoma?

43) What region of the retina produces the sharpest vision?

44) Why is he optic disc a blind spot in the eye?

45) What is refraction?

46) What parts of the eye provide refracting surfaces?

47) Distinguish between rods and cones.

48) Explain the role of visual pigments. What types do rods and cones have?

49) What causes night blindness?

50) Trace a nerve impulse from the retina to the visual cortex.

51) Explain where the problem is if you lost vision in one eye.

52) Explain where the problem is if you lost vision on your left side.