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THE SCIENCE OF AGELOC

PROPRIETARY SCIENCE
Developed by Nu Skin in collaboration with leading scientists, ageLOC science is based on the discovery of internal sources of aging that contribute to how we look and feel as we age, what Nu Skin calls age-related super markers, or arSuperMarkers. Nu Skins exclusive ageLOC science targets these arSuperMarkersthe ultimate sources of aging that can inuence how we age. Based on this discovery, Nu Skin is able to identify critical arSuperMarkers called Youth Gene Clusters, which are functional groups of genes that regulate how we seem to age. Only ageLOCs proprietary science understands how to reset these Youth Gene Clusters to their youthful patterns of activity.

This revolutionary discovery is based upon Nu Skins exclusive collaborations with leading scientists around the globe, millions of dollars in development, and years of combined anti-aging and genetic research. Nu Skin is taking the science of anti-aging to a completely new level by studying the genetic origins of how and why we age.
Dr. Joseph Chang
Chief Scientic Officer EVP Product Development

IDENTIFYING THE SOURCE


The scientic community has access to the Human Genome, but Nu Skins breakthrough ageLOC science gives us the ability to interpret it in a meaningful way. In a recent scientic discovery, Nu Skin, in collaboration with anti-aging and genetics experts, has identied key groups or functional clusters of genesYouth Gene Clustersthat help inuence how we age. Nu Skin believes that nding and identifying these functional groups of genes is the key to addressing aging at its source. Clinical study results, genomic analyses, and substantiated research from ageLOC science has led Nu Skin scientists to identify specic functional Youth Gene Clusters that are responsible for youthful skin attributes and youthful vitality. The expression of the skin-related YGCs is responsible for the signs of aging on our skin. The expression of the mitochondrial YGC is responsible for the loss of vitality people feel as they age. Through ageLOC science, Nu Skin has the ability to reset these genes to behave more youthfully, helping us look and feel younger.

RESETTING THE BALANCE


Once we identify these Youth Gene Clusters, its important to reset them to reect a more youthful prole. Resetting Youth Gene Clusters is a subtle balancing processits not as simple as turning them on and off. Some genes within a cluster may need to be turned up while others may need to be turned down. Nu Skins proprietary ageLOC science resets Youth Gene Clusters to create a youthful balance within each clusterreturning them to a more youthful pattern of activity.

RESETTING SKIN RELATED YOUTH GENE CLUSTErS TO A MOrE YOUTHFUL bALANCE


FIGURE 1 Collagen Collagen degrading Collagen protection Collagen Collagen Protein anchor Water transport Hydration Skin barrier Reduce water loss Melanin production Melanin inhibition Pigmentation reduction Melanin inhibition
CONTROL reSet

FIGURE 2

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Melanin inhibition Melanin regulator Cellular turnover Cellular turnover regulator Cellular turnover Cellular turnover

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LEGENDHeatMaP
COLOR RANGE

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doWn regUlatIon

UP regUlatIon

Heatmap using DNA microarray data illustrating the differences in gene expression activity with each line representing a single gene. Examples of genes identied as Youth Gene Clusters.

Representative diagram (Figure 2) of selected genes from heatmap (Figure 1), illustrating the change in direction in gene expression activity with each line representing a single gene for a given skin aging attribute. Results indicate up regulation and/or down regulation of genes.

YOUTH GENE CLUSTERS & THE 8 SIGNS OF AGING


YOUTH GENE CLUSTERS* Skin Structure Pigmentation Hydration Cellular Turnover
* This is only a selection of meaningful Youth Gene Clusters.

8 SIGNS OF AGING
Fine Lines & Wrinkles Skin Structure Discoloration Uneven Skin Tone Hydration Texture, Smoothness Radiance Pore Size

ageLOC SCIENCE

In order to retain a youthful appearance, genes must regain their youthful activity patterns. By analyzing human tissue at the genetic level, weve learned the crucial role of gene expression in retaining ones youth.
Dr. Helen Knaggs
Vice President Global Research & Development

RESETTING NUTRITION RELATED YOUTH GENE CLUSTErS TO A MOrE YOUTHFUL bALANCE


AGELOC VITALITY YGC HEATMAP
OLD GENE EXPRESSION WITH AGELOC SCIENCE

YOUNG GENE EXPRESSION

old GENE EXPRESSION

ColUMn 3 ShoWS hoW ageLOC ScIence reset 92% of the geneS toWard a More yoUthfUl gene eXPreSSIon Pattern.
FIGURE DESCRIPTION

ColUMn 1

ColUMn 2 COLOR RANGE

ColUMn 3

This heatmap illustrates gene expression of three groups from a pre-clinical test with one of the ageLOC Vitality ingredients: young (column 1), old (column 2), and old with ageLOC science (column 3). Each row represents one of 52 genes comprising the mitochondrial Youth Gene Cluster (mtYGC). Columns 1 and 2 show that each of the 52 genes became more or less active during the aging process. In column 3, the YGC activity pattern of the old with ageLOC science group has been reset to a gene expression pattern similar to the young group in column 1.1

LoW EXPreSSIon

HIgh EXPreSSIon

1 Transcriptional Biomarkers of Mitochondrial Aging and Modulation by Cordyceps Sinensis Cs-4. Gordon Research Conference, Biology of Aging, Determinants of Health-Span: From Cells to Humans, August 22-27, 2010. Les Diablerets Conference Center, Les Diablerets, Switzerland.

mITOCHONdrIAL yOUTH GENE CLUSTEr & yOUTHFUL vITALITy

YoUth GeNe ClUster ageLOC SCIENCE


MitochoNdrial FUNctioN

three dimeNsioNs of vitality


Physical Vigor meNtal acUity seXUal health

Were taking ageLOC inside the body, initially by focusing on mitochondrial gene expression. Simply put, if you can preserve mitochondrial function then you can preserve youthfulness or true vitality.
Dr. Mark Bartlett
Vice President Global Research & Development

SCIENTIFIC FOUNdATION
In anti-aging science, the Nu Skin team is leading the way. Nu Skins study of Youth Gene Clusters has resulted in more advanced scientic formulations and enhanced antiaging products that will redene the anti-aging industry. By modeling skin and human tissue in laboratory experiments, Nu Skin has learned how crucial gene expression is to retaining youth. In fact, in order to retain a youthful look and feel, we understand how sc ience can restore youthful activity patterns to our genes. With this knowledge, we are able to conceive and deliver a single product family that can help to address major anti-aging concerns. The result is an entirely new class of anti-aging products Nu Skin calls Aging Response Modulators (ARMs). ARMs target the sources of aging in order to help us look and feel younger, and they are both skin care and nutritional products. Currently, our ARMs portfolio consists of ve skin care products and one nutritional product, with several more products in development. ARMs represent what we believe will become the worlds most complete and advanced anti-aging solution. Over the years, Nu Skin has partnered with scientic institutions and scientists, such as members of the Nu Skin Anti-Aging Scientific Advisory Board, to research and develop cutting-edge products and technologies. Recently, Nu Skin developed an exclusive partnership with the founders of LifeGen Technologies, Dr. Richard Weindruch and Dr. Tomas Prolla.
EXCLUSIVE PARTNERShIP

Through this partnership, we have access to genetic basis of aging.

LOOKING FORWARD
By studying the way genes are expressed, Nu Skin will continue to be able to identify and conrm which genes are related to aging and use this knowledge to develop new, innovative ARMs far into the future. Nu Skins ongoing research, combined with its research partnerships, will deepen the companys understanding of gene expression and its impact on reversing aging even late in life. We believe ageLOC science is the answer to anti-aging. Its a scientic breakthrough that goes beyond the signs to target the ultimate sources of aging.

more than 30 years of research into the

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