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SiU-l BEDA COLLEGE lr('l _

ELECTION U;.W c::J


First Semester SY 2013-.:.,;14
S YLLABUS

II. Election and Suffrage
1. Definition
2.
3.
Historv
Rt'cidings: Moya vs. Del Fierro, 69 Phil. 199 (1930); Badelles , _. Cabili, G.R. o. L-29333, .
February 27, 1969; Jose P. Laurel's "The Essentials of Popular Government. "
III. Commission on Elections
1. Hi..:to:y
2. Composition
3. Qual ifications
-! . Powers and Functicn<> (1987 Constitution, Omnibus Election Code'
.J. Field Offices
6.
IV. Voters
We, The Sovereign Filipino People (The Book of Se\en Filipino Constitutions);
Om.ilibus Election Code; Purisima vs. Salonga, 15 5CRA 70- (1%5); Cauton vs.
CONlELEC 19 SCRA 911; Roque vs. COMELEC, G.R o. 188456, September
10, 2009 (see "ponenda" and separate concurring opinion of CJ Puno)
1. Qualifications for suffrage
2. Disquahfications
3. Local Absentee Voters
-!. Overseas Absentee Voters
.J. Detainee, PWDs, IPs, Media
6. Readings: We, The Sovereign Filipino People (The Book of Se\en Filipino Constitutions);
Omni'; us Electi on Code (Sec. 118); E.O. o. 157 (Lv.:al Absentee Voting Law);
R.A. No. 7166 (Sec. 12); R.A. No. 9189 (Oversas Absentee Voting Act of 2003);
San Beda Law Journal, Vols. XLVIIJ and XLIX; Social Justice and Vulnerable
Sectors (A Comelec for Registration of Detainees, PWDs and IPs);
Championing PWDs (Government-NCO lnitiati\es To Provide Access to
PWDs); People vs. Corral, 62 Phil. 9-!5 (1936)
V. Registration of Voters
1. QHalification of Voters
2. Disqualifications
3. Election Registration Board
-!. Deactivation, Reactivation, Cancellation
.J. Inclusion and Exclusi on Proceedi.ngs; Jurisdiction
6. Readings : Omnibus Electi on Code; R.A. o. 8189 (The Vrters Registration Act of 1996);
Yra vs. Ahano, 52 Phil. 380; A.kbayan Youth vs. CO\-!ELEC G.R. o. 1-!7066,
March 26, 2001
VI. Candidates
1. Qua lifications
2. Disqualifications
3. Certifi cate of Candidacy
-! . Nu isance Candidate
5. Readmgs: Onmibus Election Code; Article XI (Sees. 63-78); R.A.: No. 7160 (Local
Governmem Code), Sec. 40; Villaber vs. COMELEC, G.R No. 148326,
November 15, 2001; Labo vs. COMELEC, G.R No. 1(ifi111, July 3, 1992;
Lonzanida vs. COMELEC, G.R. No. 13.:>150, July 28, _ Abundo vs.
COMELEC, G.R. No. 201716, January 8, W3; Marquez vs.- COMELEC, 243
SCRA 338; De Ia Cruz vs. CO:MELEC, G.R. Ko. 192221, N0-ember 13,2012
VII. Campaign, El ection Propaganda, etc.
1. Concept, Campaign
2. Campaign. Period; Election Penod
3. Lawful election propaganda (-!)
4. Prohibi ted election propaganda ( 4.)
5. Prohibited contributions (8)
6. Lawful expenditures; Limitations on Expenses
7. Statement of Contributions and Expenses
8. Readings: Omnibus Election Code; Fair Elections Act of 2007 (R.-\ :o. 90l)6); R.A. No.
7166, Sees. 13 & 1-l; Chavez vs. COMELEC, G.R No. 162- , August 31, 2007;
Penera vs. COMELEC, G.R o. 181613, November 2009; SWS vs.
CO !ELEC, G.R. o. H 7-!71, May 5, 2001
VIII. Political Party; Party-List Organization
1. Definitions: PP, PLO
2. Gr0ups which cannot be registered as political parties
3, Grounds for cancellation of registration
-!. Registration; Manifestation to participate in the party-list system
:J . Rerusal and/ or cancellation of registration
6. :\omi.nation of party-list nominees
7. Qualifications of party-list nominees
8. Manner of Number; Raffle
9. Readings: The 1987 Constitution; Onmibus Election Article \ -:::I, Sec. 60; R.A. No.
79-!1; COMELEC Resolution No. 9366; Veterans Fe..:.-=ration Party vs.
COMELEC, G.R. No. 136781, October 6. 2000; Ang : .::.gong Bayani vs.
COMELEC, GR. No. 14.7589, June 26, 2001; Atong PagL:::.m vs. COMELEC,
G.R. o. 203766, April 2, 2013; Palparan vs. HRET, G.R. :o. 189306, Feb. 11,
2012
IX. Automated Elections
1. History
2. Automated Election System
3. Paper-based election system
--l:. Minimum System Capabilities
5. Cohtinuity Plan
6. Ad_yisory Council; Joint Congressional Oversight Committe
7. ational Board of Canvassers
8. Readings: R.A. No. 9369; Roque vs. COMELEC, G.R. o. 188-1:56, 10, 2009; San
Beda Law Journal, Vol. XLVIJ, March 2010; Automated El:-_-::Ions, Civil Society
and Democracy by Rene \ . Sarmiento; Capiflla vs. c ;: \ !ELEC, G.R No.
201112, J u.ne 13, 2012
X. Recall
1. Grounds
2.
:, _
Procedure
Readings: The 1987 Constitution, R.A. No. 7160, Sees. 69-7-l ; COME--=:C Resolution No.
7303; Garcia \'5 . COMELEC, 227 SCRA 100; Claudi o vs. CC\, fELEC 331 SCRA
388
Xi.
XII.
XIII.
XIV.
XV.
XVI.
Failure of Elections; Special Elections
1. Grounds
2.. Call of Special Elections
3. Readings: Omnibus Election Code, Article L Sees. 6-7; Sison vs. C O ~ E C G.R No.
134096, March 3, 1999; Ampatuan vs. COMELEC, 375 SCRA 503
Election Offenses
1. Vote-buying, vote-selling, electoral sabotage, etc.
2. Persons criminally liable
3. Penalties
4.
;) .
6.
7.
Prosecution
Prescription
Juris diction
Readings: Omnibus Election Code, Article XXII, Sees. 261-268; RA. No. 9369; People vs.
Ferrer, 54 O.G. 1348; Mappala vs. Nunez, 2-0 SCRA 600; People vs. Bayona,
181 Phil186; Lozano vs. COMELEC, G.R o. 94521, 9626, Oct. 28, 1991; Ong
vs. Martinez, G.R. No. 872-3, August 21, 1990; Regalado vs. COMELEC, G.R
No. 115%2, Feb. 15, 2000; COMELEC vs. Tagle, 397 SCRA. 618 (2003)
Election Adjudicat:on System
1. Jurisdiction of Municipal Trial Courts
2. Jurisdiction of Regional Trial Courts
3. Jurisdiction of COMELEC
-. Procedure in election contests: Courts, COMELEC
5. Procedure in I-IRET, SET
6. Readings: Article IX (c), Sec. 2, 1987 Constitution; Article XXI, Sees. 2-19-252, Omnibus
Election Code; 2010 Rules of Procedure in Election Contests; Rules of
Procedure in Election Contests Before the Courts Invohing Elective Municipal
and Barangay Officials; COMELEC Resoluti on . o. 8804; COMELEC
Resolution No. 916-!; Jalosjos vs. COMELEC, G. R. t o. 192-7-l, July 26, 2012;
Lokin vs. COMELEC, G.R No. 179431-321, June 22, 2010
Appeal and Other Election Issues
1. Quo Warranto
2. Substitution
3. Withdrawal of COC
.f. Execution Pending Appeal
;) . Appeal fee/Filing fee
6. Readings: Omnibus Election Code, Sees. 73, 76, 253; COMELEC Resolution No. 9518;
Dumayas vs. COMELEC, 357 SCRA 358; Sande vs. CQ:'v1ELEC, 102 SCRA 1;
Luna vs. COMELEC, G.R No. 165983, April 24, 2007; Loreto-Go vs.
COMELEC, G.R. No. 147741, May 10, 2001; Divtnagracia vs. COMELEC, G. R.
Nos. 18Q007 & 186016, July 27, 2009; Santos vs. COMELEC G.R No. 155618,
March 26, 2003; Navarosa vs. COMELEC, G.R. No. 1579.57, September 18, 2003;
Social Justice Society vs. DDB & PDEA, G.R. Nos. 1.57870, 158633, 161658,
ovember 3, 2008
Election Best Practices
Reading: From Some of the World' s Electoral Democracies: Insights and Best Practices by
Comm. Rene V. Sarmiento r
Elections and you!
1. Assessment of 2010 El ection and Ways Forward
2. Your role in elections as a student, as a citizen
3. Readi ng: Automated EJections, Civil Society and Democracy: The 2012 Taiwan
Presidential Election (An Instructive and Impress ive Electoral Story)
XVII. Practicum
1. Visi t a City Electi on Office; Visit COMELEC Main Office