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NEW TRENDS IN IT

AUTOMATIC DISABLING OF CELL


PHONES AT PROHIBITED AREAS
KALAIVANI.K
&
DHIVYA MATHEW
CHRIST THE KING ENGINEERING COLLEGE
EMAIL:POOJAKALAI09@GMAIL.COM
PHONE:7708872186

ABSTRACT:
The

places there will a common


Cell

board or a watch keeper

become

who will be asking to

prevalent even in school

switch Off the Cell Phones

and college students. It has

before you get inside. Our

its own advantages and

aim of the project is to

disadvantages.

automatically avoid the use

Phones

use
has

of

Which

eliminates

the

of

Cell

Phones

disadvantages like its Noise

prohibited

Pollution

any manual help.

Theatres

it

creates
and

in
the

areas

in

without

The paper uses the

disturbances caused by it in

principle

Hospitals

its

Mechanism to disable the

waves

use of Cell Phone. Here no

due

Electromagnetic

to

radiation.

of

Hand-Off

external circuitry is added

The Prohibited areas

to the Handset, But the

like

Theatres,

Electromagnetic waves are

Halls,

emitted. In another method

Hospitals, Airplanes and

which has been simulated

Parliament etc. In these

using

are

Conference

the

MATLAB

need

external circuits to the Cell

communication and unable

Phones

the user to use his handset.

which uses

the

CDMA technique, Here no

But in the places like

Electromagnetic waves are

Hospitals and the Airplanes

liberated as well as the

the Electromagnetic waves

sound is muted. This is a

radiated from the Handsets

new idea invented by us

cause

and

useful

Hospitals the EEG, ECG,

and

and EMG etc., are affected

it

will

be

practically
commercially.

by

disturbances.

the

waves
INTRODUCTION
In Theaters

which

the

talk

the

Handset and by adding a

Phone users in these areas.

unique code word we stop

Here we consider only the

the radiation.

noise pollution and the

method

waves
the

and

external circuitry to the

project is to unable the Cell

by

Airplanes

between

So here we add an

annoyance to others. So my

liberated

Handset

ground control station.

creates

Electromagnetic

from

communication

pollution by the Cell Phone


loudly

EMW

radio frequency used for

peace gets affected by noise


they

the

In

causes disturbances in the

come for leisure and for

where

radiation.

radiated

Restaurants where people

users,

Electromagnetic

Airplanes

and

In

involves

As this
adding

external circuit, we have

Cell

stimulated

Phones do not care us. So

this

method

using the Matlab Simulink

there is no need of adding

Tool Box and presented in

external circuitry to the

the Floppy.

Handset. We can just use


the principle of Hand-Off

PRACTICAL
IMPLEMENTATION

Mechanism used in Cellular


2

As this method needs

base

station

no external circuit we have

Identification

implemented

Paging

this

the

code

number

and

of

the

practically using Antenna

handset is erased. This is

Trainer Kit. The principle

basic principle behind the

behind this method is very

Handoff Mechanism.

simple.
DISABLING
HANDOFF

THE

HANDSET

MECHANISM
According

We use the Signal


to

the

Strength

based

(RSS)

Handoff Mechanism used

Handoff Mechanism and

in mobile communication

disable the handset. We set

when the Handset moves

up

from one base station to

Transmitting

another base station the

which

handset responds only to

frequency of the Cell Phone

the base station which is

Receiving Frequency that is

nearer to the handset and

from 935-960 MHz (Since

the

that

we use the standard GSM

radiates maximum power.

in mobile communications).

So the handset tries to

We

communicate with the new

transmitting antenna at the

base station by radiating

entrance of any prohibited

maximum power and tries

areas. When the Handset

to

its

crosses this setup it will

Identification code and the

think that it has entered into

Paging Number with the

a new base station as we

new

generate

base

station

register

base

station.

It

a
has

fix

Dummy
antenna
the

this

the

same

dummy

same

neglects the previous base

frequency generated by the

station and in the previous

base station. So it will try

to communicate with the


Dummy

Transmitting

antenna thinking it as a new


base station and it will
neglect

the

previous

original base station and it


will be going on trying
communicating with this
Dummy

Transmitter
Note

antenna and it will not


accept the original message

We can also setup a

signal from the previous

Dummy

base station.

Antenna

So it gets

Receiving
and

we

can

cheated and no calls will be

receive the radiations from

accepted, so even if the

the handset and give it to

user have not switched off

Alarm System or give it to

the

handset

they

will

loud

speaker

and

become unusable as no

announce the user to switch

calls will be received.

Off the Handset and come

When the Handset

inside

goes out of the range of the


dummy
antenna

and

just

we

remember users.

transmitting
it

will

again

DIFFICULTIES

connect to the original base

ENCOUNTERED

PARLIAMENT
station and works
as usual.

THIS METHOD

IN

1. High investment in
PRACTICAL
Dummy
Transmitter
(935-960
MHz)

setting

IMPLEMENTATION
SETUP

Dummy Transmitting
Antenna (935-960MHz)
915MHz)

frequency
of power.
Alarm
System

antennas

with medium range

Dummy Receiver
antenna (8909

high

2. The radiation Handset


from

waves radiated from

the antenna should

the

reach every corner of

oscillator inside the

the prohibited area,

Handset has to be

so we have to set up

stopped.

many

dummy

transmitting

5. Suppose if we are in

transmitting

the theatre and the

antennas at regular

Handset is disabled

intervals.

then all the Calls

3. The radiation from


the

arriving during this

dummy

time is missed and

transmitting antenna

the

calls

are

not

can also affect the

registered

in

the

Handsets which are

Handset as Missed

outside

Calls, so we may

the

prohibited areas.

miss some important

4. It can used only in

calls.

Theatres,

So to cure these

Restaurants,

and

faults

if

we

add

silence zones where

simple

the only the Noise

circuit

pollution

Handset we can stop

matters,

But

the

hardware
inside

both

the
the

Electromagnetic

Electromagnetic

waves are always

radiation

radiated from the

Noise Pollution and

Handset, so it cannot

even we can register

be used in Hospitals

the

and

Handset as Missed

the

Airplanes

Where primarily the

Calls.

Electromagnetic

Calls

and

in

the

the

DISABLING BY

Unique Code Word both

ADDING EXTERNAL

generated

inside

the

HARDWARE

Handset and the from the

CIRCUITRY

Dummy

Here we should add

Antenna should be same

external hardware circuit

and it is fixed as there is no

inside the cell phone

so

security

needed

and

system),

the

this

is

shown

Transmitting

in

this

generated

stimulated using Mat lab

frequency and the Unique

Simulink Toolbox.

code word is multiplied


using

PRINCIPLE
We

Balanced

Modulator.

use

fixed

Both

the

signals

frequency as 900MHz and

generated

Word

Handset and the received

We multiply

frequency from the dummy

Unique

Code

Generator.
both of

these

using a

receiver

inside

the

antenna

is

inside

the

Balanced Modulator. Then

compared

we fix this setup at the

Handset and if both signals

entrance of the prohibited

are equal, then switch or a

area and radiate using a

contact (Similar to Relay)

very low power Dummy

is

Transmitting antenna. This

Transmitting

is the outside setup.

oscillator and the Speaker

removed

from

the

frequency

Inside the Handset we

inside Handset and the

have the same setup. We

contact is given to the

have a constant frequency

ground so that there is no

generator set as 900MHz as

Electromagnetic Radiation

from

and no Noise Pollution.

the

transmitter

antenna and a Unique Code

If we come outside

Word Generator (Both the

again then again the signals

are

compared

and

automatically the contact is


replaced to the original
position.

So now the

Handset

comes

to

the

normal working condition.


If it is an original
message the unique code
word will not be modulated
with it so the comparator

CONDITION FOR THE

inside the Handset will

HANDSET TO BECOME

neglect the signal and the

UNUSABLE:

calls will be registered as

Action inside the dummy

Missed Calls so we can

Transmitting antenna:

know who have tried to

Let Signal from the

contact us.

900MHz be f(t)
Let the output from the

SIMULATION USING

Unique

MATLAB

code

word

generator be u(t)

Dummy Transmitter

So the output from the

Setup

balanced modulator to
the Dummy transmitting

Dummy
Transmitter
(900MHz)

antenna be f(t) * u(t) =


m1(t)

Balanced
Modulator

Action

Inside

The

Handset:

Unique Code
Word Generator

Let the signal from the


900MHz be f(t)
Let the output from the

Setup Inside The Mobile

Unique

code

word

generator be u (t) (The


7

Unique

Code

generator
same

word

comes to the original

must

be

position thus enabling

in

the

the

both

Transmitting

Handset and the Dummy

oscillator and speaker

Antenna Setup).

inside the Handset, so

So the output from the

the Handset works as


usual.

Balanced Modulator to
the

Comparator

ADVANTAGES

be

ADDING

m2(t)=f(t) * u(t)

IN
EXTRA

HARDWARE

If m1 (t) = m2 (t) then

1. The Calls are

the switch will remove


the contact from the

registered as Missed

Transmitting

calls.

oscillator

2. The cost is very less as

and the speaker inside


we

the Dummy transmitting

cannot speak using the

antenna need only about

Handset.

5w to 7w power.

the

Handset,

so

3. Both the

If m1(t) = m2 (t) (That is


in

normal

Electromagnetic waves

message

radiation and the Noise

signal there will be no

Pollution are prevented.

unique code word) so

4. Since the power

the signals will not be

required is very less the

equal but the Handset

radiations from the

will register the calls as

Dummy Transmitting

Missed Calls, where it is

antenna setup reaches

used to contact further.

only less area so the

When we again we cross

Handsets outside the

the Dummy Transmitter

prohibited areas are

setup then again the

not affected.

condition will be m1 (t)


= m2 (t), so the contact
8

CONCLUSION:
Compared

principals

too

many

of

Mobile

computing,

advantages by the cellular

[3]

communication there are

Mobility Management and

also like some pitfalls such

its application in efficient

as Electromagnetic waves

broad casting in mobile

emitted which cause more

networks.

heart troubles and Noise

[4] V. Rodale and T.H.


Men, Minimum Egg
Mobile Wireless Networks,
IEEE JSAC, Vol-17 Aug
1999.

pollution in the unwanted


areas. My projects aim is
to eliminate those pitfalls
by low investment and
using easy methodology.
Thus by just adding a small
hardware circuit we can
successfully eliminate the
disturbances

made

by

mobile phones in public


prohibited areas.
REFERENCES:
[1]

J.

Haarsen,

M.

Nahshineh, J. Inouye, O.J.


Joeresson,

and

W.Allen

ACM Mobile computing


and communications.
[2]

X,

Chen,

Murphy,
Disconnected

A.L.
Enabling

Transitive

Communication in Mobile
Ad Hoc Networks, ACM

J.Vu

and

F.Dai,