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UNIVERSIDADE DO ALGARVE

EXAMES DE BETÃO ARMADO I

Compilação de exames

Anthony Ferreira

Versão 2012-vii-30

Contem 27 provas (uma delas com correcção)

Compilação de exames da disciplina de Betão Armado I da licenciatura de Engenharia Civil. Contem enunciados de exames, grelha de cotações de correcção e prova corrigida por 2 professores. Declino toda e qualquer responsabilidade sobre o utilizador. Para mais informações: +351 968941433 ou apcfp@hotmail.com

PROVAS DE AVALIAÇÃO:

P

= Tem todas as folhas de pormenorização

p

= Só tem algumas folhas de pormenorização

Ano Lectivo 2011/2012

2012-iv-19P

Exame de Época de Trabalhador-Estudante

2012-ii-14P

Exame de Época de Recurso

2012-i-31P

Exame de Época Normal

2012-i-7

Frequência; Grelha de correcção tipo; Correcção da frequência por dois professores

Ano Lectivo 2010/2011

2011-ix-15P

Exame de Época Especial

2011-iv-15P

Exame de Época de Trabalhador-Estudante

2011-ii-15P

Exame de Época de Recurso

2011-ii-1P

Exame de Época Normal

2011-i-8P

Frequência

Ano Lectivo 2009/2010

2010-ii-2P

2010-i-20P Frequência

Exame de Época Normal

Ano Lectivo 2007/2008

2008-ii-8

2008-i-19 Frequência

Exame de Época Normal

Ano Lectivo 2006/2007

2007-xii-3P

2007-iv-13P

2007-ii-8

2007-i-6

Exame de Época Especial Exame de Época de Trabalhador-Estudante Exame de Época Normal Frequência

Exame de Época Especial Exame de Época de Trabalhador-Estudante Exame de Época Normal Frequência
Exame de Época Especial Exame de Época de Trabalhador-Estudante Exame de Época Normal Frequência
Exame de Época Especial Exame de Época de Trabalhador-Estudante Exame de Época Normal Frequência

Ano Lectivo 2005/2006

2006-xii-7

Exame de Época Especial

2006-ix-18P

Exame de Época de Recurso

2006-iv-18p

Exame de Época de Trabalhador-Estudante

2006-ii-2

Exame de Época Normal

2005-xii-16P Frequência

Ano Lectivo 2004/2005

2005-xii-2

Exame de Época Especial

2005-ix-16P

Exame de Época de Recurso

2005-iv-26P

Exame de Época de Trabalhador-Estudante

2005-i-24

Exame de Época Normal

2005-i-8P

Frequência

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCTEDUCATIONALAUTODESKANBYPRODUCED

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCTEDUCATIONALAUTODESKANBYPRODUCED

PRODUCTEDUCATIONALAUTODESKANBYPRODUCED

REVISÃO DE PROVAS DE B ET Ã O A RMADO I

AL U NO: ANTHONY PAU L COU T O FERREIRA

Nº 3436 7

Q U ES T ÃO 1

a)

b)

c )

d)

Cotação

Critérios de correcção

Classificação

atribuída na revisão

2,0

Combinações

de acções

0,5

0,5

Diagramas de esforços associados à

 

combinação em que a acção de base

é a

0,5

0,5

sobrecarga q1

Diagramas de esforços associados à

 

combinação em que a acção de base é a sobrecarga q2

0,5

0,5

Diagramas de esforços associados à combinação em que a acção de base

é a

0,5

0,4

sobrecarga q3

 

2,0

1,9

 

Verificação

da segurança aos E. L .

U.

de

3,0

flexão (momentos máximo pos i tivo)

 

0,2

0,2

Verificação da segurança aos E. L.

U.

de

flexão (momentos máximo negativo)

 

0,2

0,0

Armadura

mínima de f l exão

 

0,2

0,2

Armadura

longitudinal nos apoios

0,2

0,0

I

nterrupção da armadura superior

0,2

0,0

Translação do diagrama de momentos

 

0,2

0,0

Comprimento de ama r ração

 

0,2

0,0

Esforço transverso resistente máximo

transverso

 

0,2

0,0

Verificação ao E. L. U. de esforço

Armadura transversal m í nima

0,3

0,3

0,3

0,15

Escalonamento de estribos

 

0,8

0,0

 

3,0

0,9

3,0

Armadura longitudinal

 

1,0

0,5

Escalonamento de est r ibos

1,0

0,8

Cortes

1,0

0,3

 

3,0

1, 6

3,0

Pilar DB Imperfeições geométricas

 

0,2

O

Excentricidade mínima

0,2

O

Esbelteza

0,2

0,2

Dispensa de cálculo dos efeitos de 2ª

 

O

ordem

0,2

Esforços de dimensionamento Verificação de segurança ao E . L. U. de

0,2

O

O

esforço transverso

 

0,1

Pormenorização

0,3

0,3

Pilar CE

Imperfeições geométricas

0,2

0,0

 

Excentricidade mínima

 

0,2

0,0

Esbelteza

 

0,2

0,0

Dispensa de cálculo dos efeitos de 2ª

0,0

ordem

0,2

Cálculo dos efeitos de 2ª ordem

0,2

0,0

Esforços de dimensionamento

0,2

0,0

Verificação de segurança ao E. L. U. de

 

esforço transverso

 

0,1

0,0

Pormenorização

0,3

0,0

 

3,0

0,5

 

Total da questão 1

4,9

QUESTÃO 2

a)

4,5

Cálculo de Ncr

 

0,5

 

Cálculo

de

Ned e de As

0,5

Cálculo

de as

 

0,5

Cálculo

de Ac.eff

0,5

Cálculo de pe,eff

1 ; 0

Cálculo

de Sr,máx

0,5

Cálculo

de wk

0,5

Pormenorização

0,5

Caso sejam utilizadas combinações de

acções incorrectas a cotação máxima será l,O vaI.

 

1,0

 

4,5

1,0

b)

1,5

Explicação usando a expressão (7.9) e

 

relação de wk com (Esm-Ecm)

0,8

0,0

Explicação usando As e relação de wk com

(Esm-Ecm)

0,7

0,6

QUESTÃO 3

Total da questão 2

a)

1,5

Justificação física com o recurso aos

 

diagramas de tensões na secção

fendilhada

b)

1,5

Justificação

da resistência

ao esforço

 

transverso

Justificação

da resistência

à flexão

Justificação

da resistência

à torção

1,5

0,6

1,6

1,5

0,0

0,4

0,4

0,6

0,0

0,5

0,5

 

1,5

0,9

Total da questão 3

0,9

· - - ~--.--- - -

- UNIVERSIDADE DO ALGARVE ~

INSTITUTO SUPERIOR DE ENGENHARIA

Licenciatura em ENGENHARIA CML

1° Semestre - 3° Ano (Diurno) /4° Ano (Nocturno) - 2011/2012 Disciplina de BETÃO ARMADO I Frequência - 7 de Janeiro de 2012

Duracão: 3 horas ;

Consulta: EN 1990, EN 1991-1-1, EN 1992-1-1, EN 1998-1, Tabelas de Cálculo da disciplina e um

formulário de 1 página A4, original nem texto nem figuras;

Cálculos : É imperativa a apresentação dos cálculos justificativos e estritamente proibida a utilização de qualquer tipo de software; Recomendacão: Justifique os cálculos efectuados através de indicações concisas e no caso de utilizar alguma tabela , faça a respectiva referência; Organizacão : Resolva as questões 1, 2 e 3 em conjuntos de folhas separadas, podendo fazê-lo a lápis apenas se as folhas já estiverem todas identificadas a caneta .

e manuscrito, onde só podem constar fórmulas, não sendo permitido

Ouestão 1 [11 . 0 valores]

Considere a estrutura representada na figura 1:

g;q1

3.20 q3

X

2.00

X

0° · 30

0.50

q2

1

+

0°·80

0 . 40

4.00

Figura 1

%

Q2

4.00

C

00 . 30

E

A

0.50

Pág. lI3

Materiais: Betão C25/30;{ \ ç q A400NR ;

Classe de E x posição Amb i enta l: XC I; T empo de vida ú til: 50 anos.

Acções:

 

g

20.00 k:N/m

q

kl

15 .00 kN /m; '1'0: : :0.7 ;\111:::0.5; \112:::0.3

qk2

10 . 00

kN/m; ' 1'0=0 . 5 ; \111=0.3; \112=0.2

Qk2 • ••••• •• • • •• . •• • . •• • •••• •• ••••••• • • • • •• • ••• • •• • •• • ••• • •• • ••• • ••••••••••••• • ••• ••60 . 00 kN ; \110=0.5; \111=0.3; '1'2=0.2

qk3

62.50 kN / m ; \110=0.4; \111=0.3; '1'2=0.2

[ 2.0 ] a) Determi n e os diagramas de e sfo rç os ao l ongo d a est r u tu ra , assoc i ados às v árias

co m binações de acções n ecessár i as para e fec tu a r a ver i ficação de segurança em relação

aos estados limites úl t imos .

[ 3 . 0 ] b) Calcule as áreas

de a r maduras l ong i tudinais e tr ansversais, necessárias à

v erificação de segurança e m re l aç ã o ao s e s t a d os lim i tes úl t imos d e resistê n cia , nas

secções que julgar adequadas para o dimens i onamento

das v i gas.

[ 3 . 0 ] c ) Pormenorize l ong i tudinal e trans v e r sa l men t e a v ig a, efectu ando um a d equad o

escalonamento d e estribos. U t il i z e o b riga t or i amen t e a folha de pormenorização

f omecida.

[ 3.0 ] d ) Dimensione e pormenorize as ar mad uras l ongitudina i s e t r ansversai s do s

p i l ares. Cas o seja necessá r io a umente as di mensões do pila r. U tilize obrigator i amente a

fo l ha de pormenorização fomecida.

Questão 2 [6 . 0 valores]

Considere a secção dum tirante repr e s entada na figura 2 , composta por dois

semicírculos e um quadrado , a se r executada com os materiais est r uturais C25/30 e

A400NR em amb i ente com uma classe de e x posição XC2. O tirante está submetido aos

seguintes esforços no r mais: N g = + 250 . 00 k : N e N, = + 200.00 kN , tendo es t a acção

variável um valor associado de '1'2= 0 . 6.

Cons i derando um recobrimento de 25 m m e a util ização de cintas de 8 mm:

0.10

.'1

"

.

<"

0.20

0.10

Figura 2

0.20

[4.5] a) Verifique a segurança do tirante relativamente à fendilhação, através do cálculo

de largura de fendas. Represente e solução obtida;

[1.5] b) Caso o betão fosse duma classe superior, o valor obtido para a largura de

fendas seria maior ou menor que o obtido na alínea anterior? E se fosse com o aço

A500NR? Justifique a resposta com argumentos de natureza física;

Questão 3 [3 . 0 valores]

Responda, justificando convenientemente, às seguintes questões:

[1.5] a) As Tabelas de Cálculo para a flexão simples e para a flexão composta foram

obtidas considerando a tensão máxima no betão igual a 0.85 fedoDemonstre porque

razão essas tabelas são utilizáveis no contexto do Eurocódigo 2;

[1.5] b) Comente as aptidões das duas secções representadas na figura 3, para

resistirem a momentos flectores, a esforços transversos e a momentos torsores,

considerando esses esforços com os dois sentidos possíveis.

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Exame de Época Normal 8 de Fevereiro de 2008

Questão 1 [11.5 valores] Considere a estrutura representada na figura 1:

valores] Considere a estrutura representada na figura 1: Materiais: Betão C20/25; Aço A400NR; Ambiente pouco

Materiais: Betão C20/25; Aço A400NR; Ambiente pouco agressivo.

As vigas principais e secundárias têm as faces superiores complanares.

Acções

g……………………………………………………………………….……

20.0kN/m

,

γ g = 1.5

q

k1 ……………………………………………

16.0kN/m

, ψ 0 =0.40 , ψ 1 =0.30 , ψ 2 =0.20 γ q = 1.5

q

k2 ……………………………………………

20.0kN/m

, ψ 0 =0.60 , ψ 1 =0.40 , ψ 2 =0.20 γ q = 1.5

Pág. 1/2

[3.0] a) Determine os diagramas de esforços ao longo das vigas, associados às várias combinações de acções necessárias para efectuar a verificação de segurança em relação ao s estados limites últimos.

[2.0] b) Calcule as áreas de armaduras longitudinais e transversais, necessárias à verificação de segurança em relação aos estados limites últimos de resistência, nas secções que julgar adequadas para o dimensionamento das vigas.

[4.5] c) Pormenorize longitudinal e transversalmente as vigas, efectuando (se possível) um adequado escalonamento e, apenas na viga CG, uma interrupção das armaduras longitudinais por forma a reduzir a quantidade de armadura que irá amarrar na viga AD.

[2] d) Admitindo que os esforços de dimensionamento na base do pilar, eram os seguintes

Nsd [kN]

Vsd [kN]

Msd(x-x) [kN.m]

Msd(y-y) [kN.m]

-1064

240

225.0

465.5

Dimensione e pormenorize as armaduras longitudinais e transversais na base do pilar.

Caso seja necessário aumente as dimensões dos pilares Questão 2 [5.5 valores]

Considere a secção transversal dum tirante representada na figura 2, a ser executada em ambiente muito agressivo com os materiais estruturais C20/25 e A400.

Para os esforços Ng = + 140. kN e Nq = + 100. kN:

[1.0] a) Dimensione e pormenorize as armaduras necessárias para verificar a segurança em relação aos estados limites últimos;

a segurança em relação aos estados limites últimos; [3.0] b) Verifique a segurança em relação ao

[3.0] b) Verifique a segurança em relação ao estado limite de utilização por fendilhação;

[1.5] c) Duma forma qualitativa, que consequências mais significativas ocorreriam nas verificações efectudadas em a) e b) se o aço adoptado fosse o A235?

Questão 3 [3.0 Valores]

[1.5] a) Explique porque razão nos estados limites de utilização se explora a resistência do betão à tracção e não se pode fazer o mesmo nos estados limites últimos;

[1.5] b) Explique porque razão física muitos dos valores da percentagem mecânica de armadura constantes nas tabelas de cálculo das secções em T, são iguais entre si, não dependendo das relações b/bw e hf/d.

Pág. 2/2

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