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# STA 2023 Introduction to Statistics Practice Test for Chapter 1, 2 and 3

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Determine whether the given value is a statistic or a parameter. 1) A health and fitness club surveys 40 randomly selected members and found that the average weight of those questioned is 157 lb. A) Parameter B) Statistic Answer: B 2) After taking the first exam, 15 of the students dropped the class. A) Statistic B) Parameter Answer: B Identify the number as either continuous or discrete. 3) The total number of phone calls a sales representative makes in a month is 425. A) Discrete B) Continuous Answer: A 4) The average height of all freshmen entering college in a certain year is 68.4 inches. A) Discrete B) Continuous Answer: B Determine which of the four levels of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio) is most appropriate. 5) Temperatures of the ocean at various depths. A) Ratio B) Ordinal C) Interval D) Nominal Answer: C 6) Nationalities of survey respondents. A) Ratio B) Ordinal Answer: D 7) Ages of survey respondents. A) Interval Answer: D Is the study experimental or observational? 8) A quality control specialist compares the output from a machine with a new lubricant to the output of machines with the old lubricant. A) Observational B) Experimental Answer: B 9) A stock analyst selects a stock from a group of twenty for investment by choosing the stock with the greatest earnings per share reported for the last quarter. A) Experimental B) Observational Answer: B

C) Interval

D) Nominal

B) Nominal

C) Ordinal

D) Ratio

Identify the type of observational study. 10) A researcher plans to obtain data by following those in cancer remission since January of 2002. A) Cross-sectional B) Retrospective C) Prospective D) None of these Answer: C 11) A town obtains current employment data by polling 10,000 of its citizens this month. A) Retrospective B) Prospective C) Cross-sectional Answer: C Identify which of these types of sampling is used: random, stratified, systematic, cluster, convenience. 12) 49, 34, and 48 students are selected from the Sophomore, Junior, and Senior classes with 496, 348, and 481 students respectively. A) Convenience B) Stratified C) Random D) Systematic E) Cluster Answer: B Use critical thinking to develop an alternative conclusion. 13) A study shows that adults who work at their desk all day weigh more than those who do not. Conclusion: Desk jobs cause people to gain weight. Do you agree with the conclusion of the study? Why or why not? A) No, the conclusion is not correct. Desk job workers are confined to their chairs for most of their work day. Other jobs require standing or walking around which burns calories. It is probably the lack of exercise that causes higher weights, not the desk job itself. Avoid causality altogether by saying lack of walking and exercise is associated with higher weights. B) Yes, the study conclusion is correct. Since the average weight of people with desk jobs is higher than the weight of those who do not have desk jobs, we can say that desk jobs cause workers to weigh more. C) No, the conclusion is not correct. The study must be flawed. It should make no difference in a person's weight whether they work at a desk or not. Answer: A Identify which of these types of sampling is used: random, stratified, systematic, cluster, convenience. 14) A pollster uses a computer to generate 500 random numbers, then interviews the voters corresponding to those numbers. A) Cluster B) Stratified C) Convenience D) Random E) Systematic Answer: D 15) An education researcher randomly selects 48 middle schools and interviews all the teachers at each school. A) Stratified B) Random C) Convenience D) Cluster E) Systematic Answer: D

D) None of these

Solve the problem. 16) Using the information in the table on home sale prices in the city of Summerhill for the month of June, find the class boundaries for class 80.0- 110.9.
Class Limits Frequency (Sale price in thousands) (No. of homes sold) 80.0 - 110.9 2 111.0 - 141.9 5 142.0 - 172.9 7 173.0 - 203.9 10 204.0 - 234.9 3 235.0 - 265.9 1 A) 79.90, 111.0 B) 79.95, 110.95

C) 80.00, 110.95

D) 79.90, 110.95

Answer: B 17) Using the information in the table on home sale prices in the city of Summerhill for the month of June, find the class midpoint for class 235.0-265.9.
Class Limits Frequency (Sale price in thousands) (No. of homes sold) 80.0 - 110.9 2 111.0 - 141.9 5 142.0 - 172.9 7 173.0 - 203.9 10 204.0 - 234.9 3 235.0 - 265.9 1 A) 250.55 B) 250.50

C) 250.45

D) 250.40

Answer: C 18) Using the information in the table on home sale prices in the city of Summerhill for the month of June, determine the width of each class.
Class Limits Frequency (Sale price in thousands) (No. of homes sold) 80.0 - 110.9 2 111.0 - 141.9 5 142.0 - 172.9 7 173.0 - 203.9 10 204.0 - 234.9 3 235.0 - 265.9 1 A) 15.5 B) 30.9

C) 31

D) 32

Construct the cumulative frequency distribution that corresponds to the given frequency distribution. 19) Days of vacation Frequency 0-1 19 2-3 20 4-5 16 6-7 22 8-9 23 A) B)

C)

Days of Cumulative vacation Frequency 0-1 19 2-3 39 4-5 55 6-7 77 8-9 100 Days of Cumulative vacation Frequency 0-1 0.19 2-3 0.2 4-5 0.16 6-7 0.22 8-9 0.23

D)

Days of Cumulative vacation Frequency 0-1 39 2-3 55 4-5 77 6-7 100 8-9 123 Days of Cumulative vacation Frequency 0-1 19 2-3 39 4-5 56 6-7 78 8-9 100

Construct the relative frequency distribution that corresponds to the given frequency distribution. 20) Incomes Frequency 200-300 61 301-400 70 401-500 84 501-600 95 >600 11 A) B) Relative Relative Incomes Frequency Incomes Frequency 201-300 15.5% 200-300 12.5% 301-400 22.1% 301-400 20.1% 401-500 31.3% 401-500 37.3% 501-600 16.2% 501-600 15.2% >600 14.9% >600 14.9% C) D) Relative Relative Incomes Frequency Incomes Frequency 200-300 19.00% 200-300 25.77% 301-400 21.81% 301-400 29.87% 401-500 26.17% 401-500 3.45 % 501-600 29.60% 501-600 18.77% >600 3.43 % >600 25.85% Answer: C
A nurse measured the blood pressure of each person who visited her clinic. Following is a relative-frequency histogram for the systolic blood pressure readings for those people aged between 25 and 40. Use the histogram to answer the question. The blood pressure readings were given to the nearest whole number.

21) Approximately what percentage of the people aged 25-40 had a systolic blood pressure reading between 110 and 119 inclusive? A) 35% B) 0.35% C) 30% D) 3.5% Answer: A

22) What common class width was used to construct the frequency distribution? A) 10 B) 100 C) 11 Answer: A 23) Identify the center of the third class. A) 130 B) 125 Answer: B

D) 9

C) 120

D) 124

Construct a pie chart representing the given data set. 24) The following figures give the distribution of land (in acres) for a county containing 85,000 acres. Forest Farm Urban 12,750 8500 63,750 A) B)

Answer: B Use the data to create a stemplot. 25) The attendance counts for this season's basketball games are listed below. 227 239 215 219 221 233 229 233 235 228 245 231 A) B) 21 5 9 21 5 7 9 22 1 7 8 9 22 1 8 9 23 1 3 3 5 9 23 1 3 3 5 9 24 5 24 5 Answer: A

Consider the data graphed in the scatterplot, to answer the question. 26) A sample of 54 wild bears (anesthetized) yielded measurements including weight, age, chest size, length and headlength. The following scatterplots show the relationship between pairs of variables. By examining the scatterplots, which of the variables gives the closest linear relationship with weight. A) B)

C)

D)

Answer: A Find the mean for the given sample data. 27) Frank's Furniture employees earned the following amounts last week:
\$453.83 \$529.91 \$439.27 \$309.23 \$453.86 \$533.25 \$457.25 \$156.42 \$152.64 What was the mean amount earned by an employee last week? Round your answer to the nearest cent. A) \$387.30 B) \$435.71 C) \$380.63 D) \$497.95

Answer: A Find the mean of the data summarized in the given frequency distribution. 28) The test scores of 40 students are summarized in the frequency distribution below. Find the mean score.
Score Students 50-59 7 60- 69 5 70- 79 10 80- 89 6 90- 99 12 A) 69.6

B) 77.3

C) 74.5

D) 73.4

Find the z-score corresponding to the given value and use the z-score to determine whether the value is unusual. Consider a score to be unusual if its z-score is less than -2.00 or greater than 2.00. Round the z-score to the nearest tenth if necessary. 34) A weight of 220 pounds among a population having a mean weight of 161 pounds and a standard deviation of 23.5 pounds. A) -2.5; not unusual B) 2.5; unusual C) 58.8; unusual D) 2.5; not unusual

Determine which score corresponds to the higher relative position. 35) Which score has a higher relative position, a score of 278.4 on a test for which x = 240 and s = 24, or a score of 66
on a test for which x = 60 and s = 6? A) A score of 66 B) Both scores have the same relative position. C) A score of 278.4

Answer: C Find the percentile for the data point. 36) Data set: 6 3 21 15 6 15 30 27 33 9 3 30 18 3 30; data point 21 A) 60 B) 70 Answer: A Find the indicated measure. 37) The weights (in pounds) of 30 newborn babies are listed below. Find P16.
5.5 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.7 7.8 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.3 8.7 A) 4.8 B) 6.0

C) 52

D) 35

C) 6.1

D) 5.9

Answer: C 38) The weights (in pounds) of 30 newborn babies are listed below. Find P20. 5.5 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.7 7.8 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.3 8.7 A) 7.2 B) 6.3 C) 6.1 Answer: D Construct a boxplot for the given data. Include values of the 5-number summary in all boxplots. 39) The highest temperatures ever recorded (in F) in 32 different U.S. states are shown below. Construct a boxplot for the data set. 100 100 105 105 106 106 107 107 109 110 110 112 112 112 114 114 114 115 116 117 118 118 118 118 118 119 120 121 122 125 128 134 A) B)

D) 6.2

C)

D)

Use the given data to construct a frequency distribution. 40) On a math test, the scores of 24 students were
97 74 77 65 77 77 97 81 77 61 88 74 74 88 77 74 88 77 74 81 74 88 81 65 Construct a frequency table. Use 4 classes beginning with a lower class limit of 60.

A)

Score Frequency 60 - 69 3 70 - 79 12 80 - 89 7 90 - 99 2

B)

C)