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PREFACE

Unleash The Maths Olympian In You! (Junior 1) helps students who


are mathematics enthusiasts to sharpen their problem-solving skills for
non-routine problems. The various non-routine problems are clearly
classified for easy comprehension and application. In addition, there are
ample examples in each chapter to demonstrate how the non-routine
problems are solved. The easy-to-understand analyses and explanations in
the examples will definitely help the students to understand better. Students
are able to apply their understanding through working on the questions in
each chapter.
It is hoped that students will find this book beneficial and feel more confident
in problem-solving.
Terry Chew

CONTENTS
Chapter 1

Tell Me the Time! ---------------------------------------------------- 1

Chapter 2

Problems from Planting Trees Intervals ------------------------19

Chapter 3

Addition --------------------------------------------------------------37

Chapter 4

Solve by Comparison and Replacement --------------------------47

Chapter 5

Age Problems --------------------------------------------------------70

Chapter 6

Division --------------------------------------------------------------87

Chapter 7

Chicken-and-Rabbit Problems ----------------------------------- 109

Chapter 8

Looking for a Pattern --------------------------------------------- 126

Chapter 9

Counting ----------------------------------------------------------- 142

Chapter 10

Logic ---------------------------------------------------------------- 154

Chapter 11

Make a List, Make a Table --------------------------------------- 169

Chapter 12

Using Model ------------------------------------------------------- 186

Chapter 13

In Search of a Series ---------------------------------------------- 205

Chapter 14

What Comes Next? ----------------------------------------------- 226

Chapter 15

IQ Maths ----------------------------------------------------------- 239

Chapter 16

Geometry ----------------------------------------------------------- 256

Chapter 17

Odd and Even Numbers ------------------------------------------ 272

Chapter 18

Queuing Problems ------------------------------------------------ 288

Chapter 19

Working Backwards ---------------------------------------------- 305

Chapter 20

Pigeonhole Principle ---------------------------------------------- 321

SOLUTIONS ---------------------------------------------------------------- A1 - A45

Tell Me the Time!

Examples
Example 1: For each clock, write the correct time on the
line provided.
(a)
11

12

(b)
1

11
2

10

4
7

11
2

10
3

12

(c)

4
7

pm

am

Solution:
(a) 7.10
(b) 10.30
(c) 1.30

1
2

10
3

12

9
8

4
7

pm

Example 2: For each clock, write the correct time on the


line provided.
(a)
11

12

(b)
1

11
2

10

4
7

11
2

10
3

12

(c)

4
7

pm

am

Solution:
(a) 12.20
(b) 3.45
(c) 10.10

1
2

10
3

12

9
8

4
7

pm

Example 3: A concert started at 8.30 pm and ended at


10.15 pm. How long did the concert last?
Solution:
From 8.30 pm to 9.30 pm 1 hour
From 9.30 pm to 10.30 pm 1 hour
1 hour + 1 hour = 2 hours
2 hours 15 minutes = 1 hour and 45 minutes
The concert lasted 1 hour and 45 minutes.
Example 4: Trains arrive at a subway station every 5
minutes. How many trains would have arrived
at the subway station in 30 minutes?
Solution:
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th

trains

minutes

10

15

20

25

30

7 trains would have arrived at the subway


station in 30 minutes.

Example 5: The clocks below are images in the mirror.


Write the correct time on the lines provided.
(a)
1

211
2

(b)
1

11

01

11

01

9
5

211
2

9
5

am

pm

Solution:
(a) 7.10
(b) 2.30

Practice
1.

For each clock, write the correct time on the line


provided.
(a)

(b)
11

12

11
2

10

1
2

am

12

4
7

12

am

11
2

10
3

4
7

(f)
11

pm

10

(e)
11

4
7

12

10
3

(d)

11

4
6

12

10
3

9
7

(c)

4
7

pm

am

1
2

10
3

12

9
8

4
7

pm