Você está na página 1de 14

Abnormal Psychology

Psychology Assessment Unit 4

Lesson 1

Anxiety Disorders, Dissociative Disorders, Psychophysiological, and Mood Disorders

Lesson 1

Anxiety disorders concern people with ANY kind of fear. Anxiety disorders break down into five basic disorders:

Phobias Panic disorder Generalized anxiety disorder Posttraumatic stress disorder Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Lesson 1 Cont.
A phobia

is a specific, illogical fear.

These

fears are completely irrational


people who have these phobias are called phobics.

The

Lesson 1 Cont.

A panic disorder is an intense, often mysterious with/without trigger, attack of fear. People with panic disorder have episodes of intense fear where they could feel a very large range of physical symptoms. The fears are always very general but often are of dying, losing control, or going insane.

Lesson 1 Cont.

A person with generalized anxiety disorder is constantly worried. With generalized anxiety disorder there is always a constant underlying feeling of fear; always agitated or anxious about something.

Lesson 1 Cont.

A person with posttraumatic stress disorder has been through an extremely fearful event. Some examples of a traumatic event that would cause this disorder include but are NOT limited to:

Rape War torture Kidnapping Natural disaster

Lesson 1 Cont.

An obsessive-compulsive person always has repeating/irrational thoughts and acts on these urges. These people have thoughts that constantly repeat and they cannot get them out of their train of thought. The compulsive part of the disorder includes where a thought can repeat and repeat until the person is compelled to act on the thought.

Lesson 1 Cont.

Somatoform and psychophysiological disorders are linked to health problems with no known physical cause.

Among some somatoform or psychophysiological disorders are:


Conversion disorder Somatization disorder Hypertension Heart disease Asthma Hypochondriasis

Lesson 1 Cont.

A person with hypochondriasis feels sick with no physical reason. Hypochondriacs are always overly concerned about their health. Over-exaggerate little ailments that normal people would otherwise ignore.

Lesson 1 Cont.

Dissociative disorders concern people who have separated themselves from a memory. Dissociative disorders is a broad term that can be specified into many disorders that include:

Psychogenic amnesia Psychogenic fugue Multiple personality disorder

Lesson 1 Cont.

Someone with psychogenic amnesia separates himself from the memory of people or events. Have temporarily forgotten events or memory in the past.

Lesson 1 Cont.

Someone with multiple personality disorder has separated himself from the memory of who they are.

Lesson 1 Cont.

Mood disorders concern people with emotional problems. There are two basic types of mood/emotional disorders that are:

Unipolar depression Bipolar depression