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4/24/2014

Application Packaging Basics & FAQ

25th December 2012

Application & Packaging Basics (FAQ)

* What is Application Repackaging? It is the process of capturing the changes made by an Installation Program (Package) and it is designed to support company standards and distribution methods. * What are the steps of Repackaging? o Review the packaging requirements o Analyze the vendor package (Review) o Repackage the application (Scripting) o Customize the package o Test the package o Release the package to end users * Why it is required & problems in Legacy Installation? o Customized Installation o Reduce Cost o Self Repair o Source Resiliency o Unattended Install o High Support Costs o Fragile Installs & Uninstalls o Difficult & labor Intensive to deploy * What applications should not be repackaged & Why? o Existing MSI packages should be deployed as they are. o If you repackage an application and find that it references the MSI.DLL file, it is better not to repackage the application. o Microsoft Office 2000 and XP are good examples. o Applications containing system files managed by the Windows File Protection features of Windows 2000 and later are also to be avoided, such as Internet Explorer, Windows Service Packs and certain hotfixes. All these applications are hard coded to use the Windows Installer service, and may make calls back to certain locations within the original MSI package. * What are the types of Packaging tools? o Wise for Windows Installer o Install Shield o SMS Installer o Marimba * What are the types of Deployment tools?
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4/24/2014

Application Packaging Basics & FAQ

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Microsoft Systems Management Server (SMS) Altiris Client Management Suite Altiris Notification Server Console HP Radia/IBM Tivoli

* What is Windows Installer? It is a built-in Operating System service for Installing and Managing Applications. It provides a standard method for developing, customizing, installing and updating applications. * Benefits of the Windows Installer? o Advertising o Installation on Demand o Repair (Self-healing) o Rollback (Transactional operations) o Managed Shared Resources o Installation in locked-down environments * What are the types of Setup Captures in Wise / Install shield? In wise there are three types o Virtual Capture : Creates a clean virtual OS on your computer, and the installation is redirected in the clean virtual OS. o SmartMonitor : Watches the installation and records the changes the installation performs. o Snapshot : Scan the computer before and after the installation and record the differences between the first scan and the second. In Install Shield there are two types o Installation Monitor : Repackager watches lower-level system activities and records related changes made to the system by the setup(s) programs o Snapshot : Scan the computer before and after the installation and record the differences between the first scan and the second. * MSI Installation Mechanism (Background Mechanism)? o Acquisition The Installer first installs the feature and then progresses through the actions specified in the sequence tables of the installation database. These actions query the installation database and generate a script that gives a step-by-step procedure for performing the installation. o Execution The installer passes the information to a process with elevated privileges and runs the script. o Rollback If an installation is unsuccessful, the installer restores the original state of the computer. When the installer processes the installation script, it simultaneously generates a rollback script. In addition to the rollback script, the installer saves a copy of every file it deletes during the installation. These files are kept in a hidden, system directory. Once the installation is complete, the rollback script and the saved files are deleted.

* What is a MSI? MSI is Microsoft Windows Installer. It is an installation, in the form of a single file. It is actually a database that contains several tables (80+). Each of these tables contains instructions and set-up information. In wise there are 120 (87+33) tables. * Structure of MSI? o Products (Collection of Features)
http://applicationpackagingbasics.blogspot.ca/ 2/27

4/24/2014

Application Packaging Basics & FAQ

o Features (Collection of Components) o Components (Collection of files and Registries) * What is Product? Product is an Application. * What is Feature? Features are buckets for Components. Windows Installer configuration commands operate only on Features (installing, advertising, Uninstalling). Self-healing, install-on-demand and user profile fix-up operate at the Feature level. * What is Component? Components are collections of resources that are always installed or removed as a unit from a user's system. A resource can be a file, registry key, shortcut, or anything else that may be installed. Every component is assigned a unique component code GUID. * What is Registry, Tell the Structure & types of Registry? The Registry is a single place for storing information about the Windows OS (Hardware & Software). Structure + Root Keys / Subtrees + Subkeys + Hives + Entries Types + Machine-Specific (HKCR, HKLM, HKCC, HKU) + User-Specific (HKCU, HKU) Root Keys + HKEY_CLASS_ROOT (HKCR) + HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE (HKLM) + HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG (HKCC) + HKEY_CURRENT_USER (HKCU) + HKEY_USERS (HKU) * What are Shortcuts & Types? Shortcuts are the entry points to the applications installed on the system which is normally points to a file. o Advertised (File should be Installed by the Application) o Non Advertised (File that is not part of Installation. It is also called Command Line shortcuts) * What are INI File & its format? INI files are plain-text files that contain configuration information. "INI" stands for initialization. [Section] Keyname=value * What are Services & its types? A windows service is a background process which is loaded by the Service Control Manager of the OS. o Win32 Service (Win32 services are the services which is running by the executable file installed by the Application). o System or Kernel Services (Kernel services are the services which are used by the OS to communicate to the hardware devices). * Where is Service information stored? Most of the Service information is stored in the windows registry HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Name of the Service * In the MSI, which tables contain information about the service details? o ServiceInstall (Service Details) o ServiceControl (Controlling the service during Installation & UnInstallation)
http://applicationpackagingbasics.blogspot.ca/ 3/27

4/24/2014

Application Packaging Basics & FAQ

* What is ODBC & DSN and its types? ODBC means Open Database Connectivity. The purpose of ODBC is to allow the user to access data from any application. The layer between the application and the DBMS called DSN. o System DSN (DSN will be available for all users) o User DSN (DSN will be available for that particular user) * What is File Association? The Windows operating system recognizes file types and associates them with programs based on their file extension. A file that carries no extension or no associated program is called Orphaned. * What is Environment Variable & its types? Environment Variables are the variables that are set by the Operating System & Application. o System Variable (Available for all users) o User Variable (Available for that particular user) * What is Property & types of Properties, give some Examples? Properties are global variables that the Microsoft Windows Installer uses during an installation. o Private The installer can be use only internally (values cant be changed during the run time). # Manufacture, ProductCode, ProductID, ProductName, ProductVersion o Public The installer can be uses both internally & externally (values can be changed during the run time also). # INSTALLLEVEL, . o Restricted Public The user cant change the value both internally & externally due to security purposes. # ALLUSERS, REBOOT, REINSTALLMODE * What is the Use of the following Properties? + ALLUSERS (Null, 1, 2) User - Per-user, Not valid, Per-user Admin - Per-user, Per-machine, Per-machine + REBOOT (Force, Suppress, ReallySuppress) Always prompt for a reboot at the end of the installation. Suppress prompts for a reboot at the end of the installation. But the user can still prompt by using ForceReboot action. Suppress all prompts for reboots during the installation. + REINSTALLMODE (to specify the type of reinstallation of the Application) p - If file is missing o - If file is missing or if an older version is installed. e - If file is missing or an equal or older version is installed. d - If file is missing or a different version is installed. c - If file is missing or the stored checksum doesn't match the calculated value. a - Force all files to be reinstalled. u - Rewrite all required user specific registry entries. m - Rewrite all required computer-specific registry entries. s - Overwrite all existing shortcuts. v - Run from source and re-cache the local package. Do not uses the v reinstall option for the first installation of an application or feature. + REINSTALL (List of features to be Installed) + RebootRequired (Prompts for Reboot) Yes - Prompt for Reboot No - Wont Prompt for Reboot
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4/24/2014

Application Packaging Basics & FAQ

+ ADDLOCAL (Features to be Installed locally during Run Time) + ADDSOURCE (Features to be run from source) + INSTALLLEVEL (Which features to be Installed) * What is Merge Module? Merge modules are a mechanism in Windows Installer that allows companies to prepackage and share standard component definitions. Merge modules are used to deliver shared code, files, resources, registry entries and setup logic to applications as a single compound file. * What are all Merge Module tables? ModuleSignature, ModuleComponents, ModuleDependency, ModuleExclusion, ModuleAdminUISequence, ModuleAdminExecuteSequence, ModuleAdvtUISequence, ModuleAdvtExecuteSequence, ModuleIgnore, ModuleInstallUISequence, ModuleInstallExecuteSequence, ModuleSubstitution, ModuleConfiguration * How the Merge Module is working (Background mechanism)? Merge Module is working by checking the version, size & date of the file. If the file is Dll or OCX, it will check the version, other files like text it will check the Size & Date. It works by the Mechanism of Shared Dlls Count concept which is stored in the Registry information HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\SharedDlls\ * You can create Merge Module for text file, how? Yes you can create Merge Module for the text file also. It will works by the mechanism of checking the file Size & Date. * What are the types of Installation modes? All Windows Installer package should be Installed by the following command line Msiexec /Option [Optional Parameter] o Install Options + /I - Installs a product + /j - Advertise a product u - Advertises to the current user m - Advertises to all users of machine g - Language identifier t - Applies transform to advertised package + /a - Administrative Installation + /x - UnInstalls a product o Display Options (during Installation & UnInstallation) + /quiet - no user interaction + /passive - unattended mode + /q - sets user interface level n - No UI n+ - No UI except for a modal dialog at the end r - Reduced UI with no modal dialog at the end b - Basic UI b! - Basic UI with hide cancel button b+ - Basic UI with a modal dialog at the end b+! Basic UI with a modal dialog at the end & hide cancel button b- - Basic UI with no modal dialog at the end b-! - Basic UI with no modal dialog at the end & hide cancel button f - Full UI + /help - help information o Restart Options + /norestart - Do not restart after the Installation + /promptrestart - Prompts the user for restart if necessary + /forcerestart - Always restart the computer after Installation
http://applicationpackagingbasics.blogspot.ca/ 5/27

4/24/2014

Application Packaging Basics & FAQ

o Logging Options (Writes logging information into a logfile at the specified existing path. Default is 'iwearmo') + /l - I - Status messages w - Nonfatal warnings e - All error messages a - Start up of actions r - Action-specific records u - User requests c - Initial UI parameters m - Out-of-memory or fatal exit information o - Out-of-disk-space messages p - Terminal properties v - Verbose output x - Extra debugging information + - Append to existing log file ! - Flush each line to the log * - Log all information, except for v and x options + / log Equivalent of /l* o Update Options + /update + /uninstall + /p - Applies a Patch o Repair Options (Repairs a product) + /f p - only if file is missing o - If file is missing or an older version is installed (default) e - If file is missing or an equal or older version is installed d - If file is missing or a different version is installed c - If file is missing or checksum does not match the calculated value a - forces all files to be reinstalled u - All required user-specific registry entries (default) m - All required computer-specific registry entries (default) s - All existing shortcuts (default) v - Runs from source and reaches local package o Others + /m Generates an SMS status .mif file + /? Or /h Displays the copy rights for Windows Installer + /y Calls the system function DllRegisterServer to self-register modules passed in on the command line. + /z Calls the system function DllUnRegisterServer to Unregister modules passed in on the command line. + /c Advertises a new instance of the product + /n Specifies the particular instance of the product

* How to give Permission for files, folders & Registry keys in MSI? In the MSI, we can give permissions through Lock Permission table. * How to give Permission for files, folders & Registry keys through VB Script & what is the syntax? We can give permission for files & folders through VB Script by using the CACLS & XCACLS commands. CACLs should only run on NTFS partitions. CACLS Changes Access Control ListS Cacls [/T] [/E] [/C] [/G user: perm] [/R user [...]] [/P user: perm [...]] [/D user [...]] o /T Changes ACLs of specified files in the current directory and subdirectories o /E Edit ACL instead of replacing it
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4/24/2014

Application Packaging Basics & FAQ

o /C Continue (ignore) access denied errors o /G user : perm where access rights granted can be: R C F (read, change, full control) o /R user Revoke specified user's access rights (only valid with /E) o /P user: perm Replace specified user's access rights. Permission can be: N R C F (none, read, change, full control) o /D user Deny specified user access E.g. cacls c:\myfile.txt /E /G : F In VB Script the syntax as On Error Resume next Set Wshell = CreateObject (Wscript.Shell) Wshell.Run cacls c:\myfile.txt /E /G : F * How to disable ARP Details during the Installation through Command line, tell some ARP properties? msiexec /i ARPSYSTEMCOMPONENT=1 o ARPAUTHORIZEDCDFPREFIX o ARPCOMMENTS o ARPCONTACT o ARPINSTALLLOCATION o ARPNOMODIFY o ARPNOREMOVE o ARPNOREPAIR o ARPPRODUCTICON o ARPREADME o ARPSIZE o ARPSYSTEMCOMPONENT o ARPURLINFOABOUT o ARPURLUPDATEINFO * During Installation how to take a back up copy of the Application through Command line? I never tried check it out. * What is Dll Cache folder? During the process of SFC (System File Checker) or WFP (Windows File Protection), it will scan all the protected files (.SYS, .DLL, .EXE, .TTF, .FON, and .OCX extensions) to verify their versions. If the versions are not correct, it will replace the particular files from the back up folder called DLL Cache folder. * What is SFC? SFC means "System File Checker." It is a command-line utility that scans the operating system's files to ensure that they are the correct ones (original Microsoft files). But it can be run or scheduled manually only. During the process, it will scan all the protected files (.SYS, .DLL, .EXE, .TTF, .FON, and .OCX) to verify their versions. If the versions are not correct, it will replace the particular files from the back up folder called DLL Cache folder * What is Windows File Protection (WFP)? WFP is also one Utility tool which will do automatically. Some applications will replace the system files (SYS, .DLL, .EXE, .TTF, .FON, and .OCX) with different files of the same name or with same file with different versions. If the files are in a protected folder, then Windows File Protection automatically determines which file was affected, and looks up the file signature in a catalogue file to see if the file is the correct Microsoft version, and if it is digitally signed. If it is not, then the correct file will be copied over it from either the winnt\system32\dllcache folder, or from the Windows CD.
http://applicationpackagingbasics.blogspot.ca/ 7/27

4/24/2014

Application Packaging Basics & FAQ

* How Do I Control Windows File Protection (WFP)? All registry settings for WFP/System File Checker are located in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ SOFTWARE\ Microsoft\ Windows NT\ CurrentVersion\ Winlogon. By default, only Administrators and System will be able to modify these settings. SFCDisable (REG_DWORD) 0 = enabled (default). 1 = disabled, prompt at boot to re-enable (debugger required). 2 = disabled at next boot only, no prompt to re-enable (debugger required). SFCScan (REG_DWORD) 0 = do not scan protected files at boot (default). 1 = scan protected files at every boot. 2 = scan protected files once. SFCQuota (REG_DWORD) n = size (in megabytes) of dllcache quota. FFFFFFFF = cache-protected system files on the local hard drive. SFCShowProgress (REG_DWORD) 0 = System File Checker progress meter is not displayed. 1 = System File Checker progress meter is displayed (default). SFCDllCacheDir (REG_EXPAND_SZ) Path = local location of dllcache directory (default is %Systemroot%\system32\dllcache). * What is Advertisement? It means that, the Availability of an application to users or others with out actually the full Installation. There are two types of Advertising o Assigning An Application appears (shortcuts, files & registries) to a user or others, when an Application is assigned. When the user tries to open, it is installed upon demand. o Publishing No Entry points appear to a user or others, when an Application published to the group. It is activated only if the group Application activates the published Application i.e. Installation on Demand. * What is Advertised Feature & Component? If a Feature or Component is advertised, only the interfaces required for loading and launching the application are installed to the user or others. If a user activates an advertised interface the installer then proceeds to install the necessary Components & Features. * What is Installation on Demand? When a user or application activates an advertised feature or product, the installer proceeds with installation of the needed components. * What is Transform? A transform is a windows installer file with the extension (.MST). It should be used along with a MSI to customize or change the installation package without modifying the MSI. The installer can only apply transforms during an installation. * What are the types of Transform? o Embedded transform Embedded transforms are stored inside the .msi file of the package. o Secured transform Secured transforms are stored locally on the user's computer in a location where, on a secure file system, the user does not have write access. Such transforms are cached in this location during the installation or advertisement of the package. During subsequent installation-ondemand or maintenance installations of the package, the installer uses the cached transforms. o Unsecured transform Transforms that have not been secured are called unsecured transforms. To apply an
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4/24/2014

Application Packaging Basics & FAQ

unsecured transform, pass the transform file names in the TRANSFORMS property or command line string during the installation. * How to Create Transform in Wise / Install Shield? In Wise Package Studio, by using Install Tailor or New Project - other templates - Transform In Install Shield Admin Studio, by using the New Project - Transform * How many Transform can be created for one Vendor MSI? Any Number * How many Transforms can be supplied in the Command line? Any Number * What is Custom Action? The Microsoft Windows Installer provides many built-in actions for performing the installation process. For some cases the developer writes an action to execute his own installation is called custom action * What are the types of Custom Actions? o DLL file stored in a Binary table stream o DLL file that is installed with a product o EXE file stored in a Binary table stream o EXE file that is installed with a product o Displays a specified error message and returns failure, terminating the installation o EXE file having a path specified by a property value o EXE file having a path referencing a directory o JScript file stored in a Binary table stream o JScript file that is installed with a product o JScript text specified by a property value o JScript text stored in this sequence table o VBScript file stored in a Binary table stream o VBScript file that is installed with a product o VBScript text specified by a property value o VBScript text stored in this sequence table o Property set with formatted text o Directory set with formatted text o Installation of a package nested inside of the first package. See Nested Installation Actions o Installation of a package that resides in the first applications source tree. See Nested Installation Actions o Installation of an application that is advertised or already installed. See Nested Installation Actions * What are the types of Sequences in the Custom Actions? o Normal User Interface o Normal Execute Immediate / Deferred o Administrative User Interface o Administrative Execute Immediate / Deferred o Advertisement Execute Immediate / Deferred * What are the types of Conditions in the Custom Actions and what is the use? o Not Installed - During Installation only o REMOVE - During UnInstallation only o NOT REMOVE - During both Install & UnInstall * What are the types of In Script options in the Custom Actions? o Immediate Execution Immediate custom actions, can be sequenced anywhere within any of the sequence tables. It has access to the installation database (read & set installation properties, modify feature &
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4/24/2014

Application Packaging Basics & FAQ

component states, add temporary columns, rows, and tables). o Deferred Execution User Context Deferred custom actions can only be sequenced between the InstallInitialize and InstallFinalize actions in execute sequence tables. It doesnt have access to the installation database. Deferred custom actions are not executed immediately. Instead they are scheduled to run later during the execution script. The execution script isn't processed until the InstallExecute, InstallExecuteAgain, or InstallFinalize action is run. If the Current User doesnt have the elevated privileges (Custom actions make changes in the system directly), the custom actions should run in Deferred Execution in User Context only. o Rollback only This Action should be executed during the Installation of the Rollback script or if the Installation is Unsuccessful o Commit only This Action should be executed during the Installation of the Commit script. o Deferred Execution System Context Deferred custom actions can only be sequenced between the InstallInitialize and InstallFinalize actions in execute sequence tables. It doesnt have access to the installation database. Deferred custom actions are not executed immediately. Instead they are scheduled to run later during the execution script. The execution script isn't processed until the InstallExecute, InstallExecuteAgain, or InstallFinalize action is run. If the Current User have the elevated privileges (Custom actions make changes in the system directly), then it should run in Deferred Execution in System Context only. * What is the difference between Immediate Execute / Deferred Execute in the Custom Actions? o Immediate custom actions, can be sequenced anywhere within any of the sequence tables Deferred custom actions can only be sequenced between the InstallInitialize and InstallFinalize actions in execute sequence tables o Immediate custom actions have access to the Installation database Deferred custom actions doesnt have access to the Installation database o Immediate custom actions can only run in the User Context Deferred custom actions can run both in the context of the user and elevated using the system context. * What is the difference between Deferred in System Context / Deferred in User Context in the Custom Actions? If the Custom action which installs or modify a file under the INSTALLDIR or Installation should be run in Deferred in User Context If the Custom action which installs or modify the system file directly should be run in Deferred Execution in System Context * What are the types of Processing Options in the Custom Actions and what is the use? o Synchronous Windows Installer runs the custom action synchronously to the main installation. It waits for the custom action to complete successfully before continuing the main installation. o Synchronous, ignore exit code Windows Installer runs the custom action synchronously to the main installation. It waits for the custom action to complete before continuing the main installation; the action can be either success or fail. o Asynch, wait at end of sequence Windows Installer runs the custom action simultaneously with the main installation. At the end it waits for the exit code from the custom action before continuing. o Asynch, no wait Windows Installer runs the custom action simultaneously with the main installation. It doesnt wait for completion of the custom action and doesnt check the exit code also.
http://applicationpackagingbasics.blogspot.ca/ 10/27

4/24/2014

Application Packaging Basics & FAQ

* What are the types of Scheduling Options in the Custom Actions and what is the use? o Always Execute This action execute in all sequences o Run first time This action execute only the first time Windows Installer encounters it. o Run once per process This action execute only one time either Execute sequence that should not run if the installation is running in silent mode. o Run only if UI sequence was run This action execute only if either Execute sequence is run following User Interface sequence. * What is Launch Condition? Launch Condition is used to check system requirements on the destination computer * What is App Search? App Search action is used to search for existing versions of products (Files, Registry, INI, Directory & Component) * What is Isolated Component, why we are using and its types? It means that to prevent overwriting of previous versions of shared components, and ensures that other applications do not overwrite your version of shared components. o Manifest file concept o Local file concept * What is the MSI Assembly tables & its use? MSI Assembly tables specify Windows Installer settings for Microsoft .NET Framework assemblies and Win32 assemblies. It is used for the registration of .Net Assembly files. When installing assemblies to the global assembly cache, the installer cannot use the same directory structure. Assemblies can exist only once in the assembly cache. Assemblies are added and removed from the assembly cache atomically * What is the latest version of Windows Installer? The latest version of Windows Installer is 4.0 * What is the difference between Wise Package Studio & Install Shield Admin Studio? Both tools are more or less same, but as per my knowledge for capturing part Install Shield is good, it wont capture unnecessary files & registry keys and for editing the MSI or .wsi or .ism, Wise is better because Wise GUI is good. I found lot of bug in Install Shield only o GUI part o Shortcut Icon (other than executable files) o Directory table (INSTALLDIR) o Create unnecessary entries while editing the MST o Product language property wont change in the MSI after the compilation, default 1033 o Create unwanted component & create folder entry while editing any component o Component names o It wont validate the MSI if that MSI is installed in the local system * What is Conflict Management? When two or more applications install the same system files (DLLs, .VBXs, and .OCXs), Windows registry, and other items. To detect, Conflict Management should be use and for resolve the software conflicts, Application Isolation concept should be use * What are the types of Deployment (Software Distribution)?
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Application Packaging Basics & FAQ

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Group policy (Active Directory) Software Update Services (SUS) Windows Update Web site Systems Management service (SMS)

* What is Software Distribution? One of the more critical aspects to managing a Windows environment is the ability to deploy new applications, updates, upgrades & patches. Distributing new or updated software is called as Software Distribution. * What is Group Policy (GPO) & how to set it? Administrators use Group Policy to define options for managing, configuration of servers, desktops, and groups of users. It is used to set policies across a given site, domain, or range of organizational units. Use gpedit.msc in the run command to set the policy. * What is Elevated User & how to create it? If the user having the privileges of MSI features (Windows Installer) is called as Elevated User You can create through gpedit.msc in the run Command or registry keys HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Installer Type : DWORD Key: AlwaysInstallElevated Value : 1 * What is Wrapper MSI? It means that the Application (MSI) is packaged by calling the Exe (Executable file) inside the MSI (Internally calling the source or exe). * What is Lock down environment? Software restriction policies provide administrators with a Policy-driven mechanism to identify software running on computers in a domain, and control its ability to execute. This policy can be used to block malicious scripts, help lockdown a computer, or prevent unwanted applications from running. * How do deploy the Package? o Group policy (Active Directory) o Software Update Services (SUS) o Windows Update Web site o Systems Management service (SMS) * What is IntelliMirror? IntelliMirror management technologies is a set of powerful features for change and configuration management. It ensures that users data, software, and personal settings are available when they move from one computer to another, and persist when their computers are connected to the network. Microsoft divides IntelliMirror's features into the following four categories: o User Data Management :. IntelliMirror supports the mirroring of user data to the network and local copies of selected network data. o Software Installation and Maintenance : IntelliMirror allows you to centrally manage software installation, repairs, updates, and removal. o User Settings Management : IntelliMirror allows you to centrally define computing environment settings for both users and workstations. o Remote Installation Services : IntelliMirror allows you to image workstations with the Windows 2000 Professional operating system * What is Active Directory? Deploying applications through the Active Directory is done through the use of group policies, and therefore applications are deployed either on a per user basis or on a per computer basis.
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Application Packaging Basics & FAQ

* What are the other tools which are used during the testing & solving the Issues in the Application? o Picture Taker o Windows Install Master o Install rite o RegMon o FileMon o CsDiff o Icon Extractor & Icon Builder o RegExtractor o WiLogUtl o WiseComReg o ResourceW2K * What is Orca tool & what is the purpose and Advantages? This tool is a Microsoft product. It is used for edit the MSI Databases (tables). o No limitation for the table entries o Easy to edit the Databases o If you edit any tables and give save, only those tables will be modified, but in Wise or Install Shield all the tables will change * Why multiple MSIExec is running during the Installation? Windows Installer uses a client-server model for performing installations. Additionally for security reasons, Windows Installer hosts DLL and script custom actions in a "sandbox" process. Depending on how the install was initiated, one of the MSIExec processes can be the client process (Current User). Another MSIExec process is Windows Installer service (System). * Which drive your Application will Install, C drive has less space and D drive has more space? Why & how to solve? It will install D drive only due to Windows Installer features. We can solve by adding WindowsVolume entry in the directory table as parent of TARGETDIR * What is a Patch? Patching is a streamlined process for updating earlier versions of a Windows Installer setup package i.e. when you update only files that already exist in your installation package. Only the package code is changed. * What is Upgrade? Upgrade is a process of updating the earlier versions of a Windows Installer setup package i.e. Adding, changing & deleting new Files & Registries. But here product code, product version & package code should be changed. * What are the types of Upgrades and what is the difference? o Small Update A small update is a product update that changes a few files or possibly adds some new content. But there is a limitation for the changes that can be made to the feature-component structure for the package. Only the package code is changed. It is also called as a "Hotfix" or Quick Fix Engineering (QFE). o Minor Upgrade A minor update is a product update that makes enough changes. But there is a limitation for the changes that can be made to the feature-component structure for the package. The package code & product version is changed for the product. It is also called as a Service Pack. o Major Upgrade A major update is a product update with a large number of changes. There is no limitation for
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Application Packaging Basics & FAQ

the changes that can be made to the feature-component structure for the package. The package code, product code & product version is changed for the product. It is also called as a "Product Upgrade. * How you validate the MSI? In Wise Package Studio, by using Package Validation option by selecting the MSI with the default Cub file or Browse your own Cub file. In Install Shield, by Build - Validate- Default Cub file or Browse your own Cub file. * What is ICE? It means Internal Consistency Evaluation. ICEs are used to validate installation packages. * Give some ICE Error number and tell how to solve the ICE Errors? There are totally 96 ICE Errors and 14 ICEM Errors in the Windows Installer. Some examples are as follows o ICE03 - Basic data and foreign key validation o ICE18 - Validates the KeyPath column of the Component table when it is NULL. o ICE21 - Validates that all components in the Component table map to a feature in the FeatureComponents table. o ICE33 - Checks for entries in the registry table that belong in other tables. o ICE38 - Validates that components installed under the user's profile use a registry key under HKCU as their key path. o ICE64 - Checks that new directories in the user profile are removed in roaming scenarios. o ICE57 - Validates that individual components do not mix per-machine and per-user data. o ICE59 - Checks that advertised shortcuts belong to components that are installed by the target feature of the shortcut. oICE81 oICE50 * What are the File types of Application Packaging? o WSI - Microsoft Windows Installer Project file o ISM - Install Shield Project file o MSI - Microsoft Windows Installer o MST - Microsoft Transform o PCP - Windows Installer Patch Project file o MSP - Microsoft Windows Installer Patch o WSM - Microsoft Windows Installer Merge Module Project file o MSM - Microsoft Windows Installer Merge Module o EXE - Executable file * How to install the .Exe file through silent mode? Normally all the .Exe file can be Installed silently by / s. But it depends up on the .EXE file behavior. * How to register the DLL manually? By using the command line option regsvr32. For example 1. regsvr32 Dll name For Register the Dll 2. regsvr32 /u For Unregistered the Dll 3. regsvr32 /s For Silent register * What is COM Component? The Component which is having the COM information entries is called as COM Component. If the component is COM Component, it should have entries in the Class, ProgID, Registry &
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Typelib tables in the MSI. For example most of the merge module components are called as COM Component (MSCOMCTL.ocx, COMCTL.ocx ) * How the COM Component is working (Mechanism)? COM Component is working by the mechanism of Windows Installer Tokens. It is nothing but Advertising. This token triggers the Windows Installer to check for the key files of the relevant feature and parent features of an MSI. If these tokens are deleted the self healing mechanism is not invoked. Windows installer tokens should never be part of the registry table of an MSI. They are created at install time by the msiexec service due to the way the MSI has been authored using advertising. These tokens exist in 3 forms. o Tokens within .lnk files that indicate to the OS that they are Windows Installer advertised shortcuts. o Tokens for advertised file extensions. o Tokens for advertised COM Dll information. They have the following structure. Your browser may not support display of this image. * What are the default Windows Installer properties? o [AdminToolsFolder] C:\Document and Settings\Current User\Start Menu\Programs\Administrative Tools\ o [AppDataFolder] C:\Document and Settings\Current User\Application Data\ o [CommonAppDataFolder] C:\Document and Settings\All Users\Application Data\ o [CommonFilesFolder] C:\Program Files\Common Files\ o [DesktopFolder] C:\Documents and Settings\Current User\Desktop\ o [FavoritesFolder] C:\Documents and Settings\Current User\Favorites\\ o [FontsFolder] C:\Windows\Fonts\ o [LocalAppDataFolder] C:\Documents and Settings\Current User\Local Settings\Application Data\ o [MyPicturesFolder] C:\Documents and Settings\Current User\My Documents\My Pictures\ o [NetHoodFolder] C:\Documents and Settings\Current User\NetHood\ o [PersonalFolder] C:\Documents and Settings\Current User\My Documents\ o [PrintHoodFolder] C:\Documents and Settings\Current User\PrintHood\ o [ProfilesFolder] C:\Documents and Settings\Current User\ o [ProgramFilesFolder] C:\Program Files\ o [ProgramMenuFolder] C:\Documents and Settings\Current User\Start Menu\Programs\ o [RecentFolder] C:\Documents and Settings\Current User\Recent\ o [SendToFolder] C:\Documents and Settings\Current User\SendTo\ o [StartMenuFolder]
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C:\Documents and Settings\Current User\Start Menu\ o [StartupFolder] C:\Documents and Settings\Current User\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\ o [System16Folder] C:\Windows\System\ o [SystemFolder] C:\Windows\System32\ o [TempFolder] C:\Documents and Settings\Current User\Local Settings\Temp\ o [TemplateFolder] C:\Documents and Settings\Current User\Templates\ o [WindowsFolder] C:\Windows\ o [WindowsVolume] C:\ * What are the default Environment settings in XP? o ALLUSERSPROFILE C:\Documents and Settings\All Users o APPDATA C:\Documents and Settings\current User\Application Data o CommonProgramFiles C:\Program Files\Common Files o COMPUTERNAME System Name o ComSpec C:\Windows\system32\cmd.exe o HOMEDRIVE C: o HOMEPATH C:\Documents and Settings\Current User o ProgramFiles C:\Program Files o SystemDrive C: o SystemRoot C:\Windows o TEMP C:\Documents and Settings\USERNAME\Local Settings\Temp o USERNAME Current User o USERPROFILE C:\Documents and Settings\Current User o Windir C:\Windows * What is Package Code? The Package Code is a GUID identifying a particular Microsoft Windows Installer package. It associates an .MSI file. * What is Product Code? The Product Code is a GUID identifying a particular Application or product. * What is the difference between Static & Dynamic scanning? o Static Scanner : This scanner looks at all the files included in the project and checks for any dependencies. It then recommends all the possible dependencies and allows you to add them to the project.
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o Dynamic Scanner : The Dynamic Scanner monitors the system for dynamically loaded files in memory while running the application file. Use the dynamic scanner to launch your application and test the controls in the application. Some of these controls load files in the memory that are picked by the dynamic scanner. This scanner then recommends all these files in the form of a list from which you select or deselect files. All the selected files are added to the project by this scanner. The dynamic scanner is more robust than the static scanner and certainly picks more dependencies. * What is the Event Viewer, how to open & what is it use? It is a Windows utility tool in the OS. You can open by giving eventvwr in the run command also. It is used to view all exceptional events occur in the OS and also for the System administrator to track the performance of the OS.

* What is VB Script? VB Script is a Microsoft Scripting language that means it is a lightweight programming language. It is a light version of Microsoft's programming language Visual Basic. It is used to add interaction for the web page projects. * What is Wise Script? I never worked on. * Tell some objects in the VB Script & when & why it is used in the Application? o Class Object :- Provides access to the events of a created class o Dictionary Object :-Object that stores data key, item pairs o Err Object :-Contains information about run-time errors o FileSystemObject Object :-Provides access to a computer's file system o Match Object :-Provides access to the read-only properties of a regular expression match o Matches Collection :-Collection of regular expression Match objects o RegExp Object :-Provides simple regular expression support * How to install only one particular feature during the Installation through Command line? msiexec /i ADDLOCAL=

* Transforms
The installation process can be manipulated by applying transforms (.mst) to the installation database. A transform makes changes to elements of the database. For example, Windows Installer can use a transform file to change the language in the user interface of an application. The Windows Installer transform files modify the installation package file at installation time, and can therefore dynamically affect the installation behavior. Customization transforms, much like patches, remain cached on the computer. These transforms are applied to the base package file whenever Windows Installer needs to perform a configuration change to the installation package. Transforms are applied at initial installation; they cannot be applied to an already installed application. Custom Actions :InstallExecuteSequence Merge Modules & Nested Executables :as a.msm file component, Avoids version conflicts self heal or self repair Transforms .mst file Secure, unsecure, embeded defualt -unsecure (can modify)
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secure -read only Microsoft Windows Installer Microsoft included Windows Installer as a core service (msiexec.exe) within Windows 2000 to install, repair, and remove software based on instructions contained in .MSI files. These .MSI files are basically database files that contain all the information an application needs in order to install a packaged application. Then once you package your application you can deploy it using Group Policy by one of two methods: Assigning an application. You can assign a .MSI package to either a computer or a user. If you assign it to a computer, the packaged application installs the next time the computer reboots. If you assign it to a user, the application typically installs when the user tries to run it from the Start menu or tries to open a file that has a file extension associated with the application. Publishing an application. You can publish a .MSI package to users only. This provides the user with an option within Add or Remove Programs in Control Panel that lets them manually install the application if they want to. This tool fully complies with Microsofts .MSI standards while also extending the capabilities of .MSI packages without making changes to their native format. The result is a powerful tool that can be used to deploy legacy, Web-based, and .NET applications quickly and easily. The Msiexec.exe program is a component of Windows Installer. This program uses a dynamic link library, Msi.dll, to read the package files (.msi), apply transforms (.mst), and incorporate command-line options. The installer performs all installation-related tasks: copying files onto the hard disk, making registry modifications, creating shortcuts on the desktop, and displaying dialog boxes to query user installation preferences when necessary. Each package (.msi) file contains a relational type database that stores all the instructions and data required to install (and uninstall) the program across many installation scenarios. For example, a package file could contain instructions for installing an application when a prior version of the application is already installed. The package file could also contain instructions for installing the software on a computer where that application has never been present. The Installer is actually a relational database. This database consists of the Installer package (data1.msi). This package contains information such as the installation sequence, system dependencies, destination folder paths, setup properties, component to feature relationship, and overall installation options. This database is never actually changed or written to. Instead, it uses what is called a Transform file (.mst) to apply customizations that you desire, to transform the database from its default state. The Installer doesn't stop there. It also is used for post-installation features such as Detect and Repair, Add/Remove programs, Run From Network and Install on First Use options. It is also used to give Elevated Rights (which is not turned ON by default) to an application on Windows NT so the user doesn't have to be a member of the local NT Administrator group. Overall, the Installer technology creates a higher level of customization than has ever been attempted before. Windows Installer technologies are divided into two parts that work in combination: a client-side installer service (Msiexec.exe) and a package file (.msi file). Windows Installer uses the information contained within a package file to install the application. Installation package file Each package (.msi) file contains a relational type database that stores all the instructions and data required to install (and uninstall) the program across many installation scenarios. For example, a package file could contain instructions for installing an application when a prior version of the application is already installed. The package file could also contain instructions for installing the software on a computer where that application has never been present.
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Because the database is relational, changes made to one table are propagated automatically throughout the database. This is a very efficient process for introducing consistent changes into the installation process that simplifies customizing a large application or group of applications. The Windows Installer database tables reflect the general layout of the entire group of applications, including: Available features Components Relationships between features and components Necessary registry settings The Windows Installer database (.msi file) consists of multiple interrelated tables that together compose a relational database of the information necessary to install a group of features. The following table describes the groups of related tables: Group Description Core table group Describes the fundamental features and components of the application& package. installer

File table group Contains the files associated with the installation package. Registry table group Contains the registry entries. System table group Tracks the tables and columns of the installation database. Locator table group Used to search the registry, installer configuration data, directory tree, or .ini files for the unique signature of a file. Program installation group Holds properties, bitmaps, shortcuts, and other elements needed for the application installation. Installation procedure group Manages the tasks performed during the installation by standard actions and custom actions.

How do I install only the features I w ant?

The ADDLOCAL, ADDSOURCE, and ADVERTISE properties can be used to install only a certain number of known features. The following command-line script would be used to install the "Sports" and "News" features of the example.msi package locally on the machine.

msiexec /i example.msi ADDLOCAL=Sports,News /qb

The following command-line script would advertise the "Sports" feature and install the "News" feature to run from source.

Msiexec /i example.msi ADVERTISE=Sports ADDSOURCE=News /qb

Another important thing to remember is that feature names are case-sensitive.

What is a managed application?

Ans: A managed application is an application where the system administrator exerts some level of control over the installation and maintenance of the product. Managed applications are often used to deploy software to large numbers of users or machines. Managed applications are a way for system administrators to allow users to install authorized software in locked-down environments where users generally do not have the rights to install software.

An application is considered managed if it is:

Installed or advertised to a user by a member of the Administrators group.

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Installed or advertised per-machine by a member of the Administrators group. Assigned or published on Windows 2000 and later by an Administrator. Marked as managed by another software and deployment management system. The exact method depends on the management system used, but generally requires an administrator's action.

An installation package cannot declare itself "managed." Whether or not an application is managed is controlled by the system administrator.

Note that "managed" is different from "elevated." An elevated application is an application that can run with system privileges when installing. All managed applications are elevated, but applications can be elevated without being managed by means of the AlwaysInstallElevated policy. Due to its security implications, this policy is disabled by default and requires careful consideration before use.

What are the differences betw een a 'deferred' custom action and an 'immediate' custom action?

Deferred custom actions can only be sequenced between the InstallInitialize and InstallFinalize actions in execute sequence tables. Immediate custom actions, on the other hand, can be sequenced anywhere within any of the sequence tables.

Deferred custom actions cannot access the installation database. In fact, deferred custom actions have very limited access to the installation session because an installation script can be executed outside of the installation session that created it. Immediate custom actions have access to the installation database and can read and set installation properties, modify feature and component states, and add temporary columns, rows, and tables among other things.

While both deferred and immediate custom actions can run in the context of the user initiating the installation, only deferred custom actions can run elevated using the system context.

Deferred custom actions are not executed immediately. Instead they are scheduled to run later during the execution script. The execution script isn't processed until the InstallExecute, InstallExecuteAgain, or InstallFinalize action is run.

When should I use a deferred custom action instead of an immediate custom action?

Deferred custom actions should be used when the custom action must make a change to the system or call another system service.

Application Packagin search Classic Flipcard Magazine Mosaic Sidebar Snapshot


your custom action needs to be marked as deferred. only run in the system context if the installation itself is elevated.

Additionally, only deferred custom actions can run in an elevated context. If your custom action requires elevated privileges in order to run,

Timeslide

Note: Custom actions marked to run in the system context (msidbCustomActionTypeInScript + msidbCustomActionTypeNoImpersonate) will

Additionally, when making a change to the system by means of a custom action, you should also include a rollback custom action that can undo the change.

What are the differences betw een small, minor, and maj or updates?

A small update is a product update that changes a few files or possibly adds some new content. A minor update is a product update that makes enough changes to warrant changing the product version for the product, whereas a major update is a product update with a large number of changes that warrants a change in the product code. This table summarizes what changes in each update and the possible distribution vehicles for each.

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It's sometimes easier to think of a small update as a "hotfix" or Quick Fix Engineering (QFE) update, a minor update as a service pack, and a major update as a product upgrade.

Small and minor updates can be considered almost equal in that the only real difference is that a minor update has a change to the ProductVersion whereas a small update does not. The rules that they follow and application of the patch are the same. Application of small and minor update patches requires explicit reinstallations. Major updates are not subject to that limitation and a reinstallation is not required for patch application. Additionally small and minor update patches are limited in the changes that can be made to the featurecomponent structure for the package. Significant changes can be made to the feature-component structure in the scope of a major update.

Custom actions Custom actions are actions entirely defined by the user. They can be executable files, dynamic linked libraries, Visual Basic scripts or JavaScript files. They can be scheduled at any time during the installation. Basically, an installation process consists of two sequences: Installation User Interface Sequence and Installation Execute Sequence. In Advanced Installer, these sequences are located in the Custom Actions page, under the Project Details tree. In the User Interface Sequence only immediate custom actions can be used. It contains a list of Standard Actions [http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=2559650086942045984] starting with Begin and ending with ExecuteAction. ExecuteAction is the one that triggers the execute sequence. At the end of the installation process, the installer returns from the execute sequence in the UI Sequence. It does that in order to execute the actions that may be specified after ExecuteAction. The installation process ends with the ExitDialog. The Execute Sequence contains a list of Standard Actions [http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g? blogID=2559650086942045984] that starts with Begin and ends with InstallFinalize. It also can contain all types of custom actions: immediate, deferred, rollback and commit actions. In Advanced Installer, the Execute Sequence standard actions organized in three categories: Dynamic View sare template. Pow ered by Blogger. Before Initialization Before File Installation Before Finalization In the "Before Initialization" category only immediate actions can be used. The sequence that starts with the InstallInitialize standard action and ends with InstallFinalize will be gone through twice. The first time the installer scans all the actions contained by the Execute Sequence and it creates the installation script used for the actual install. The second time, based on the installation script, the installer executes all the actions contained by the package only if their conditions were true when the script was built. For example, it will start/stop services, it will write/modify registries, create shortcuts and it will install the files on the target machine. When the installation script execution is done, the installer returns to the User Interface Sequence in order to display the exit dialog and/or execute any custom actions that may be placed after the ExecuteAction standard action. As mentioned above, there are four types of actions: immediate actions deferred actions rollback actions commit actions The immediate actions can be used anywhere in the Install UI Sequence and in the Execute Sequence, but for the second one there is a phase where immediate actions can no longer be used. That is when the installation script is triggered. The immediate actions should not modify the target machine since those changes cannot be rolled back. The deferred actions, can run only during the installation script execution. The deferred actions should be the only ones that makes changes on the local machine. This is why each deferred action must have a rollback action so that the changes it makes can be undone if the setup fails or is canceled.
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The rollback actions are used when the application is installed, but something went wrong and the installation must be rolled back. While the installation script is executed, the installer builds a rollback script. After every standard action is executed, the installer adds a rollback command to the rollback script. The commit actions are the opposite of the rollback actions. The commit script is executed after the InstallFinalize standard action when everything ended successfully. Its purpose is to delete the backup files created by the rollback script. For each of the deferred, rollback and commit actions you have an additional option: With no impersonation. This is related to the current user's rights set by the User Account Control (only for Windows Vista or above) when running the package. A normal user can run a custom action that requires administrator rights only if the With no impersonation option is set for it.

Path Variables
Define commonly used paths in a central location so that you do not need to change every source file's path each time you move the project or change the directory structure. In the previous example, if you keep all of your application's source files in various subfolders under C:\Work\Files, you could create one variable that points to the Files folder<MyFiles>.

If you want to include a file that is in C:\Work\Files\Images, you enter <MyFiles>\Images. If you move your files to D:\Work\Files, you can go to one place, your variable <MyFiles>.

All path variables can be viewed and modified in the Path Variables explorer in the Path Variables view. You can use path variables in almost any location in InstallShield where you link to source files, such as in the Dialog Editor, dynamic file links, and the release location. Instead of entering the path variables yourself, you can have InstallShield recommend them whenever you browse to a path. Path variables are used during the development of your installation project. These paths do not apply to the target machines where the application is being installed. Rather, they are used to link to source files for your installation project. When the project is built, those links are evaluated and the files they point to will be built into the installation.

There are four types of path variables that you can use. Each type functions somewhat differently from the others. Regardless of the path variable type you use, the variable name is provided in the same manner throughout InstallShield.

Types of Path Variables Variable Type Description Predefined path variables are path variables that point to some of the most commonly used folders. Unlike other types of path variables, these values cannot be edited in
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Predefined Path Variables [msits:C:Program%20FilesCommon%20FilesInstallShieldAdminStudioHelp0409IHelpPreDefPathVariables.htm]

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InstallShield. The values of registrybased path variables are derived from the registry keys you created. After creating the registry key, you need to set a path variable to this key. Environment path variables are based on the values of your system's environment variables. You can set an environment path variable to an existing environment variable.

See Registry Path Variables [msits:C:Program%20FilesCommon%20FilesInstallShieldAdminStudioHelp0409IHelpRegPathVariables.htm]

Environment Variables [msits:C:Program%20FilesCommon%20FilesInstallShieldAdminStudioHelp0409IHelpEnviroPathVariables.htm]

Standard, or user-defined, path variables are defined through InstallShield. You can specify a path variable such as <MyFiles> Standard Path Variables [mswith a value its:C:Program%20FilesCommon%20FilesInstallShieldAdminStudioHelp0409IHelpStandardPathVariables.htm] of C:\Work\Files. These variables do not rely on any outside sources, such as the registry or system paths.

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Standard Actions A Windows Installer installation is run as a sequence of events, called Standard Actions. In between them, you can schedule your own Custom Actions [http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g? blogID=2559650086942045984] . The standard actions used by Advanced Installer can be shown by using the "Show Standard Action" button on the toolbar of the "Custom Actions" page and they are:

InstallUISequence
Standard Action Begin PrepareDlg AppSearch FindRelatedProducts LaunchConditions CCPSearch RMCCPSearch CostInitialize FileCost CostFinalize MigrateFeatureStates WelcomeDlg ResumeDlg PatchWelcomeDlg ProgressDlg ExecuteAction Description starts the UI sequence (when the dialogs are shown) "PrepareDlg" dialog is shown performs the searches in the Search [http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g? blogID=2559650086942045984] page older or newer versions of the package are searched. If an older version is found, its Product Code is placed in the "OLDPRODUCTS" property evaluates the launch conditions validates that qualifying products are installed on a system before an upgrade is performed validates that qualifying products are installed on a system before an upgrade is performed determines the disk space required by the install process determines the disk space required by each file in the Files and Folders [http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=2559650086942045984] page ends the disk space costing and resolves the folders in the project during an upgrade it reads the feature states in the old version and then sets these feature states in the new version. "WelcomDlg" dialog is shown "ResumeDlg" dialog is shown "PatchWelcomeDlg" dialog is shown "ProgressDlg" dialog is shown starts the Execute sequence (when the actual installation is performed)

MaintenanceWelcomeDlg "MaintenanceWelcomeDlg" dialog is shown

InstallExecuteSequence
Before Initialization
Standard Action Begin AppSearch FindRelatedProducts LaunchConditions CCPSearch
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Description starts the Execute sequence (when the actual installation is performed) performs the searches in the Search [http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g? blogID=2559650086942045984] page older or newer versions of the package are searched. If an older version is found, its Product Code is placed in the "OLDPRODUCTS" property evaluates the launch conditions validates that qualifying products are installed on a system before an
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upgrade is performed RMCCPSearch ValidateProductID CostInitialize FileCost validates that qualifying products are installed on a system before an upgrade is performed sets the ProductID property to the full product identifier determines the disk space required by the install process determines the disk space required by each file in the Files and Folders [http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=2559650086942045984] page.

installs a copy of a component (commonly a shared DLL) into a private location for use by a specific application (typically an .exe). This isolates IsolateComponents the application from other copies of the component that may be installed to a shared location on the computer CostFinalize SetODBCFolders ends the disk space costing and resolves the folders in the project checks for existing ODBC drivers on the system and sets the target directory of each new driver to the location of an existing driver

during an upgrade it reads the feature states in the old version and then sets MigrateFeatureStates these feature states in the new version InstallValidate verifies that all volumes to which cost has been attributed have sufficient space for the installation. It also notifies the user if one or more files to be overwritten or removed are currently in use by an active process

RemoveExistingProducts upgrades an older version of the package if one is found

Before File Installation


Standard Action InstallInitialize AllocateRegistrySpace ProcessComponents Description marks the beginning of the sequence of actions which change the system ensures that an appropriate amount of free registry space exists in the registry. registers and unregisters components, their key paths and the component clients

unpublishes the assemblies installed by the package. Runs only during an MsiUnpublishAssemblies uninstall Uninstall UnpublishComponents UnpublishFeatures removes components removes information about components published by the package. Runs only during an uninstall removes selection-state and feature-component mapping information from the system registry. Runs only during an uninstall stops services which use "Stop" control operations StopServices
[http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=2559650086942045984] in the

package removes services which use "Delete" control operations DeleteServices


[http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=2559650086942045984] in the

package. UnregisterComPlus removes COM+ applications from the registry. Runs only during an uninstall unregisters all modules which used self registration SelfUnregModules
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install. Runs only during an uninstall UnregisterTypeLibrariesunregisters type libraries from the system. Runs only during an uninstall RemoveODBC UnregisterFonts
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removes the ODBC data sources, translators and drivers. Runs only during an uninstall removes registration information about installed fonts from the system.
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Runs only during an uninstall removes registry entries created in the Registry RemoveRegistryValues
[http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=2559650086942045984] page.

Runs only during an uninstall UnregisterClassInfo UnregisterExtensionInfo UnregisterProgIdInfo UnregisterMIMEInfo manages the removal of COM class information from the system registry. Runs only during an uninstall manages the removal of extension-related information from the system registry. Runs only during an uninstall manages the unregistration of OLE ProgId information with the system. Runs only during an uninstall unregisters MIME-related registry information from the system. Runs only during an uninstall removes INI files or entries created in the Files and Folders RemoveINIValues
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Runs only during an uninstall removes the shortcuts created in the Files and Folders RemoveShortcuts
[http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=2559650086942045984] page.

Runs only during an uninstall modifies or removes the environment variables created in the Environment RemoveEnvironmentStrings [http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=2559650086942045984] page. Runs only during an uninstall RemoveDuplicateFiles removes files created by File Duplication [http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g? blogID=2559650086942045984] operations. Runs only during an uninstall removes the files created in the Files and Folders RemoveFiles
[http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=2559650086942045984] page.

Runs only during an uninstall removes the folders created in the Files and Folders RemoveFolders
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Runs only during an uninstall CreateFolders creates the folders specified in the Files and Folders
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moves or copies files which use File Move MoveFiles


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operations

Before Finalization
Standard Action InstallFiles PatchFiles DuplicateFiles BindImage CreateShortcuts RegisterClassInfo RegisterProgIdInfo RegisterMIMEInfo
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Description installs the files specified in the Files and Folders


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patches files included in the patch. Runs only during a patch installation duplicates the files which use File Duplication
[http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=2559650086942045984] operations

binds each executable or DLL that must be bound to the DLLs imported by it. This is not used by packages created with Advanced Installer creates the shortcuts specified in the Files and Folders
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manages the registration of COM class information with the system

RegisterExtensionInfomanages the registration of extension related information with the system. manages the registration of OLE ProgId information with the system registers MIME-related registry information with the system
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WriteRegistryValues creates the registry values specified in the Registry


[http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=2559650086942045984] page

WriteINIValues

creates INI files or entries specified in the Files and Folders


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creates or modifies the environment variables created in the Environment WriteEnvironmentStrings [http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=2559650086942045984] page RegisterFonts InstallODBC registers fonts marked for registration [http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?
blogID=2559650086942045984]

installs ODBC drivers, translators and data sources registers the modules which use self registration
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RegisterTypeLibraries registers type libraries with the system SelfRegModules RegisterComPlus InstallServices

registers COM+ applications installs services specified in the Services [http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g? blogID=2559650086942045984] page starts services which use "Start" control operations
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StartServices Rollback Install Commit RegisterUser RegisterProduct

package performs installation rollback in case of an error installs or removes components removes rollback information creates users and groups specified in the Users and Groups
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registers the product information with the installer and with Add/Remove Programs. Also, it caches the MSI package

PublishComponents manages components which need to be published MsiPublishAssemblies publishes the assemblies installed by the package PublishFeatures PublishProduct writes each feature's state into the system registry manages the advertisement of the product information with the system. This action publishes the product if the product is in advertise mode or if any feature is being installed or reinstalled manages the elements created in the IIS [http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g? blogID=2559650086942045984] page runs a script that contains all operations spooled since the installation started. Also, it marks the end of the Execute sequence

InstallIIS InstallFinalize

Posted 25th December 2012 by VU3RJY


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