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1 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

English Portuguese
1977 Decision on Surveillance over Exchange Rate Policies
1977 Surveillance Decision

Deciso de 1977 sobre a Superviso das Polticas Cambiais
Deciso de 1977 sobre Superviso

AAA rating
triple-A rating

classificao AAA

above face value
[securities]
above par
above par value
at a premium

com gio
acima do valor nominal

above par value

acima da paridade

above the line

acima da linha

above-the-line item
[budget]
above-the-line entry

conta ordinria
rubrica ordinria

absolute advantage

vantagem absoluta

2 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

English Portuguese
absorptive capacity
absorption capacity

capacidade de absoro

accelerated purchase

compra acelerada

accelerated rate of depreciation
accelerated depreciation

amortizao acelerada
taxa de amortizao acelerada
depreciao acelerada

acceleration clause

clusula de acelerao
clusula de acelerao do pagamento da dvida

acceptance limit
[SDR designation]

limite de aceitao

acceptance of membership
[BL]

aceitao da condio de pas membro

access limit
[IMF]

limite de acesso

3 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

English Portuguese
access policy
[IMF]

poltica de acesso

access to a facility
[IMF]

acesso a um programa de financiamento

accountability
[GFSM]

responsabilizao
prestao de contas
responsabilidade

accounting concept

conceito contbil
conveno contbil bsica
postulado contbil

accounting equation
balance sheet equation
accounting identity

equao contbil
identidade contbil

accounting practices
accounting methods
accounting procedures

prticas contbeis
mtodos contbeis
procedimentos contbeis

4 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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accounting rate
book rate

taxa contbil

accounting unit
accounting entity

entidade contbil
unidade contbil

accounts of the IMF in member countries
IMF accounts in member countries

contas do FMI nos pases membros

accounts payable
payables

contas a pagar

accounts receivable

contas a receber

Accra Agenda for Action
AAA
Triple A

Agenda para Aco de Acra
AAA

accrual basis

base de competncia
base de especializao

5 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

English Portuguese
accrual basis accounting
accrual accounting

contabilidade em regime de competncia de exerccios
contabilidade pelo regime de competncia
contabilidade pelo princpio da especializao de exerccios
contabilidade de exerccios

accrued charges
[IMF]

comisses acumuladas

accrued income
accrued revenue
accrued asset

receita acumulada
rendimentos acumulados
renda acumulada

accrued interest

juros acumulados

accumulated depreciation
accrued depreciation

depreciao acumulada

6 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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acid-test ratio
[USA]
quick asset ratio
quick ratio
cash ratio
[corporations]
absolute liquid ratio

ndice de liquidez
coeficiente de liquidez (imediata)
coeficiente de tesouraria
rcio de tesouraria

ACP-EEC Convention (between the African, Caribbean, and Pacific States and the
European Economic Community)
Lom Convention

Conveno ACP-CEE de Lom (entre os Estados da frica, do Caribe e do Pacfico e a
Comunidade Econmica Europia)
Conveno de Lom

acquaintance mission
[IMF]
exploratory mission

misso exploratria
misso inicial

acquired rights clause
grandfather clause

clusula de direitos adquiridos

acquisition of SDRs
[IMF]

aquisio de DES

7 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

English Portuguese
act of consent
[IMF quotas]

manifestao de concordncia

act of God
natural disaster

catstrofe natural
desastre natural
caso fortuito

Acting ...
[IMF]

... Interino
[+quando no h titular+]
... em Exerccio
[+durante ausncia ou impedimento do titular+]

activate

acionar
ativar
pr em ao
pr em movimento
pr em marcha
fazer intervir

activist policy
discretionary policy
active policy

poltica ativista
poltica discricionria

8 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

English Portuguese
activity report
[IMF]

relatrio de atividade

actual final consumption

consumo final efetivo

actual income

renda efetiva
rendimento efetivo
receita efetiva

actual interest yield
effective yield

rentabilidade efetiva

actual rate of return

taxa de rentabilidade efetiva
rentabilidade efetiva

actuarial reserve
[insurance]

reserva atuarial
reserva tcnica

actuarial valuation
actuary's valuation

clculo atuarial
avaliao atuarial

ad hoc quota increase

aumento +ad hoc+ das quotas

9 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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ad hoc request
[IMF quotas]

solicitao +ad hoc+

ad valorem
[taxation]

+ad valorem+

adaptive expectations

expectativas adaptveis
expectativas flexveis

adequacy of financing

suficincia do financiamento
financiamento suficiente
recursos financeiros suficientes

adequacy of reserves
reserves adequacy

suficincia das reservas
suficincia de reservas
nvel adequado de reservas

adequate safeguards
[IMF]

salvaguardas adequadas

10 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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adjustable rate
floating interest rate
floating rate
variable rate
variable-rate interest

taxa de juro varivel
taxa varivel

adjustment equation

equao de ajuste

adjustment fatigue

fadiga de ajustamento

adjustment of charges
[IMF]

reajuste das comisses

adjustment of quotas
[IMF]

ajuste das quotas
ajustamento das quotas

adjustment path

trajetria de ajuste
perfil do ajustamento

adjustment process

processo de ajustamento
processo de ajuste

11 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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adjustment program
[IMF]

programa de ajustamento

adjustment to cash basis
[IFS]
adjustment to cash

ajuste (das cifras) base de caixa

adjustment transaction
[GFS 1986]

transao de ajustamento
operao de ajuste

adjustment with growth

ajustamento com crescimento

Administered Account - country
[IMF - contribution from a country]

Conta Administrada - +pas+
Conta Administrada (em nome de ...)

administered price
controlled price
administrative price

preo administrado
preo tabelado
preo controlado
preo regulado

administration of control
[AREAER]

administrao do controle

12 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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administration of restrictions
[IMF]

aplicao de restries

administrative action

medida administrativa
deciso administrativa
ao administrativa
providncia administrativa

administrative budget
[IMF]

oramento administrativo

Administrative Division
[INS/AV]

Diviso Administrativa

Administrative Services
[TGS/D]

Servios Administrativos

advance deposit
import deposit

depsito prvio
depsito prvio de importao

advance mission
[IMF]

misso preparatria

13 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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advance redemption
advance repayment

reembolso antecipado
resgate antecipado
pagamento antecipado

advanced economy

economia avanada
economia adiantada

adverse feedback loop
negative feedback loop

crculo vicioso
espiral negativa
cadeia de reaes negativas

adverse selection
[banking; insurance]

seleo adversa

Advisor on Diversity, Senior
[IMF-HRD]

Assessor Snior sobre Diversidade

Advisor to the Executive Director
[IMF-OED]

Assessor do Administrador

Advisor
[IMF]

Assessor

14 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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advisory report
[IMF]

relatrio de assistncia tcnica

affiliated enterprise
affiliate

empresa filiada
filial

affluent society

sociedade afluente

Africa Action Plan
[G-8]
G8 Africa Action Plan
Kananaskis Africa Action Plan

Plano de Aco para frica
Plano de Aco do G8 para frica

Africa Regional Division
[MCM/R1]

Diviso Regional da frica

African Caucus
[IMF]

Grupo Africano do FMI

African Department
[IMF]
AFR

Departamento da frica

15 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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African Development Bank
AfDB
ADB

Banco Africano de Desenvolvimento

African Development Fund
AfDF
ADF

Fundo Africano de Desenvolvimento
FAfD
FAD

African Financial Community
[BCEAO]
CFA

Comunidade Financeira Africana
CFA

African Group
[IMF-IBRD]
Group of African Governors
African Caucus

Grupo Africano
Grupo de Governadores Africanos

African peer review mechanism
[NEPAD]
APRM

Mecanismo Africano de Avaliao pelos Pares
MAEP

African Regional Technical Assistance Center
AFRITAC

Centro Regional de Assistncia Tcnica em frica

16 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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African Union
AU

Unio Africana
UA

African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States
ACP Group
ACP States

Grupo de Estados da frica, do Caribe e do Pacfico
[BRA]
Grupo de Estados de frica, das Carabas e do Pacfico
[PRT]
Estados ACP
Grupo ACP

after taxes

lquido de impostos
deduzidos os impostos
aps deduo de impostos

agency

rgo (pblico)
organismo (pblico)
entidade pblica
servio

agency fee
[capital market]

comisso de agente

17 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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Agency for International Development
[USA]
AID
USAID

Agncia para o Desenvolvimento Internacional
USAID

agency transaction
[GFS 1986]

operao por conta de terceiros
transao em nome de terceiros

agent

agente

agflation

agflao

aggregate calculated quota share

quota relativa calculada agregada

aggregate demand

demanda agregada
procura agregada

aggregate real private investment

investimento privado real agregado

aggregation bias

vis de agregao
vis resultante da agregao
vis causado pela agregao

18 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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aggregation, degree of

nvel de agregao
grau de agregao

aggregator bank
bad bank

"bad bank"
banco ruim

agreed minute
[Paris Club]

Ata Aprovada

Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures
[WTO]
ASCM

Acordo sobre Subsdios e Medidas Compensatrias
ASMC

agreement, use by
[SDR]

utilizao mediante acordo

agricultural exporter

pases exportadores de produtos agrcolas

agricultural extension services
agricultural extension
extension services

servios de extenso rural
extenso rural

19 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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aid effectiveness

eficcia da ajuda

aid flows

fluxos de ajuda
fluxos de assistncia financeira

Aid for Trade

Ajuda para o Comrcio

aid fragmentation

fragmentao da ajuda

aid-dependence syndrome

sndrome de dependncia da ajuda financeira

aide-mmoire
[IMF]

aide-mmoire

allocate

alocar
distribuir
repartir
destinar
designar
atribuir

20 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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allocation

alocao
distribuio
dotao
repartio
destinao
destino
designao
atribuio
rateio

allocation mechanism

mecanismo de alocao

allocation of SDRs
SDR allocation

alocao de DES

allocative efficiency of resources
Pareto efficiency
Pareto optimal
Pareto optimality
Paretian optimality

eficincia da alocao de recursos
timo de Pareto
ptimo Pareto
[PRT]

allotted number of votes
[IMF]

nmero de votos distribudos

21 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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alternative measure of variability

medida alternativa de variabilidade

amended Articles of Agreement
[IMF]
Articles of Agreement as amended

Convnio Constitutivo vigente
Convnio Constitutivo e suas emendas
texto emendado do Convnio Constitutivo

amendment (to the Articles of Agreement)
[IMF]

emenda (do Convnio Constitutivo)

amendment
[SNA93]

modificao

amortization

amortizao

amortization profile

perfil de amortizao
estrutura da amortizao

amount of access
[IMF]

montante de acesso

amount payable forthwith

importncia exigvel imediatamente

22 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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anchor
[monetary policy]

ncora

ancillary meetings
[IMF-IBRD Annual Meetings]

reunies conexas

ancillary services

servios auxiliares

annual arrangement
[ESAF, PRGF]

acordo anual

Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics
[World Bank]
ABCDE

Conferncia Anual do Banco Mundial sobre a Economia do Desenvolvimento

Annual Meetings (of the Boards of Governors) of the International Monetary Fund and
the World Bank
[IMF-World Bank]
Annual Meetings of the Board of Governors
Annual Meetings

Reunies Anuais (das Assemblias de Governadores) do Fundo Monetrio Internacional
e do Banco Mundial
Reunio Anual da Assemblia de Governadores

annual rate of basic pay

taxa anual de remunerao bsica

23 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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annuity

anuidade
pagamento peridico

anticipated growth rate

taxa de crescimento prevista

anticyclical reserve fund

fundo de estabilizao da conjuntura
fundo de estabilizao conjuntural

anticyclical tax

imposto anticclico
imposto conjuntural

antidumping duty

direito antidumping

anti-money laundering
AML

luta contra a lavagem de dinheiro
luta contra o branqueamento de capitais

anti-money laundering/combating the financing of terrorism
AML/CFT

luta contra a lavagem de dinheiro e represso do financiamento do terrorismo
luta contra o branqueamento de capitais e represso do financiamento do terrorismo

application for membership
[IMF]

solicitao de admisso

24 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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appointed Executive Director
[IMF]

administrador nomeado

apportionment of appropriations
[USA]

distribuio de dotaes (oramentrias)
distribuio de verbas

appreciate

valorizar-se

appropriation

autorizao oramentria
dotao oramentria
autorizao de verbas oramentrias
crdito oramentrio
recursos oramentrios

Arab accounting dinar
[AMF]
AAD

dinar rabe

Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa
ABEDA
BADEA

Banco rabe para o Desenvolvimento Econmico em frica
BADEA

25 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
AFESD

Fundo rabe para o Desenvolvimento Econmico e Social
FADES

Arab Monetary Fund
AMF

Fundo Monetrio rabe

arbitrager
arbitrageur

arbitragista

arbitration clause

clusula de arbitragem

area department
[IMF]

departamento regional

arithmetic mean
mean

mdia aritmtica
mdia

arrangement
[IMF]

acordo

26 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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arrangements

disposies
dispositivos
modalidades
planos

arrears country
[IMF]
country with payment arrears

pas com pagamentos em mora
pas em situao de mora

Article IV consultation discussions
[IMF]
consultation discussions

discusses de consulta do Artigo IV
discusses de consulta nos termos do Artigo IV

Article IV consultation
[IMF]

consultas do Artigo IV
consultas nos termos do Artigo IV
consultas prescritas pelo Artigo IV

Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund
[IMF]
Articles of Agreement
Fund Agreement
Articles of the Fund

Convnio Constitutivo do Fundo Monetrio Internacional
Convnio Constitutivo do FMI
Convnio Constitutivo

27 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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artificial person
legal entity
corporation
corporate body

pessoa jurdica
pessoa coletiva

artisanal industry
cottage industry

indstria artesanal
indstria familiar
indstria caseira
indstria domstica

Asia and Pacific Department
[IMF]
APD

Departamento da sia e do Pacfico

Asia and Pacific Regional Division
[MCM/R2]

Diviso Regional da sia e do Pacfico

Asian Development Bank
AsDB
ADB

Banco Asitico de Desenvolvimento
BAsD
BAD

28 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum
APEC
APEC Council
APEC Forum
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Council
Asia-Pacific Economic Forum

Cooperao Econmica da sia e do Pacfico
Frum de Cooperao Econmica da sia e do Pacfico
Frum Econmico da sia e do Pacfico

assessment mission
[IMF-IBRD]

misso de avaliao

Assessment of Financial Sector Supervision and Regulation
AFSSR

Avaliao da Superviso e Regulamentao do Setor Financeiro

assessment roll
[taxation]
assessment list

cadastro de contribuintes

assessment
[SNA93]

cotizao

29 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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asset

ativo
elemento do ativo
haver
ativos
haveres

asset liability management
ALM

gesto de ativos e passivos

asset operation

operao ativa

asset-backed commercial paper
ABCP

papis comerciais lastreados por ativos
+commercial papers+ lastreados por ativos

asset-backed securities
ABS

ttulos garantidos por ativos
ttulos lastreados por ativos

Assistant to the Director
[IMF]

Assistente do Diretor

Assistant to the Secretary
[IMF-SEC]

Assistente do Secretrio

30 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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associated borrowing arrangement
[IMF, GAB]
associated agreement

acordo de obteno de emprstimo paralelo aos AGE
acordo paralelo

associated enterprise
associate
associated company

empresa afiliada

Association of Southeast Asian Nations
ASEAN

Associao das Naes do Sudeste da sia
ASEAN

Atlantic Division
[WHD/AT]

Diviso do Atlntico

attendance list

lista de participantes

attrition rate

taxa de desgaste

audit committee

comisso de auditoria
comisso de auditagem
comisso de verificao de contas
conselho fiscal

31 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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audit office
auditing department

tribunal de contas

audit opinion

parecer de auditoria

audit
auditing

auditoria
auditagem
reviso de contas
verificao de contas
exame de contas

audited financial statements

demonstraes financeiras auditadas
mapas financeiros auditados

Auditor
[IMF-OIA]

Auditor

Auditor, Senior
[IMF-OIA]

Auditor Snior

32 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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augmented resources
[IMF]
augmented Fund resources

recursos aumentados

authorized bank
[exchange market]

banco credenciado
banco autorizado

authorized capital

capital autorizado
capital social

automatic stabilizer
built-in stabilizer

estabilizador automtico

autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity model
ARCH Model

modelo de heterocedasticidade condicional autorregressiva
modelo ARCH

average daily balance

mdia dos saldos dirios
saldo mdio dirio

average-inflation country

pas de inflao mdia

33 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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avoidance of cross-conditionality
[IMF]

necessidade de evitar a condicionalidade cruzada

back office

+back office+

background paper

documento de informao
documento de informao bsica
documento de referncia
documento informativo

back-loading
[IMF]

concentrao (de saques, desembolsos) na fase final de um programa
concentrao (de medidas, gastos) na fase final de um perodo

back-to-back credit
back-to-back loan

emprstimo +back-to-back+
crdito +back-to-back+

back-to-back missions
[IMF]

misses consecutivas sem retorno sede

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back-to-office report
BTO
forty-eight-hour report
debrief
[IMF]

relatrio de fim de misso
relatrio de misso

bad loan
bad debt
[accounting]

crdito incobrvel

bailout
rescue

operao de salvamento
operao de resgate
plano de socorro

Balance of Payments and External Debt Division I, II
[STA/A1, A2]

Diviso de Balano de Pagamentos e Dvida Externa I, II

Balance of Payments Compilation Guide

+Balance of Payments Compilation Guide+ [Guia para a Compilao de Estatsticas do
Balano de Pagamentos]

balance of payments need
[IMF]

necessidade de balano de pagamentos
necessidade de financiamento do balano de pagamentos
necessidade de apoio ao balano de pagamentos

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balance of payments position
payments position

posio do balano de pagamentos
saldo da balana de pagamentos

balance of payments statistics
BOP statistics

estatsticas do balano de pagamentos

balance of payments surplus

supervit do balano de pagamentos
excedente da balana de pagamentos

balance of payments test
[IMF]

critrio da situao do balano de pagamentos

balance of payments
[IFS; SNA93]

balano de pagamentos
[BRA]
balana de pagamentos
[PRT, AFR]

balance of risks

balana de riscos

balance of trade
trade balance
[IFS]

balana comercial
saldo da balana comercial
saldo comercial

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balance sheet approach to financial crisis
balance sheet approach

abordagem do balano patrimonial

balance sheet
general balance sheet
statement of financial position
statement of financial condition
statement of condition
statement of assets and liabilities
balance sheet statement

balano patrimonial
balano
balano geral
conta de patrimnio
[SCN 1993]

balanced distribution of holdings
[IMF]

distribuio equilibrada dos haveres

balanced positions
[IMF]

posies equilibradas
posies em equilbrio

balancing item

saldo

Bali Action Plan

Plano de Ao de Bali

37 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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balloon loan

emprstimo +balloon+
emprstimo reembolsvel em sua maior parte no vencimento final

bank advisory committee
[London Club]
advisory committee
steering committee

comit de assessoramento
comit de assessoramento dos bancos credores
comit de bancos credores
comit consultivo bancrio

bank assessment

diagnstico do setor bancrio

bank call report form
bank report form
report form
[IFS]

formulrio de comunicao de dados bancrios
formulrio de declarao

bank cash ratio

coeficiente de liquidez imediata bancria

bank examination

inspeo bancria
auditoria bancria

Bank for International Settlements
BIS

Banco de Pagamentos Internacionais
BIS

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bank liquidity ratio

coeficiente de liquidez bancria

bank money

moeda escritural

Bank of Central African States
BEAC

Banco dos Estados da frica Central
BEAC

bank of issue
currency issuing agency

banco emissor
instituto de emisso

bank secrecy

sigilo bancrio

bank supervision
banking supervision

superviso bancria
fiscalizao bancria

bank supervisors

autoridades de superviso bancria

Bank/Fund Conferences Office
[SEC/AI/BF]
BFCO

Servio de Conferncias do Banco e do Fundo

39 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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banker's acceptance
bank acceptance

aceite bancrio

bankers' bank

banco dos bancos
banco de banqueiros

bankers' deposit
[central bank]

depsitos do sistema bancrio
depsitos vista dos bancos comerciais junto ao banco central

bankers' reserves

reservas dos bancos comerciais

banking authorities

autoridades bancrias

banking soundness

solidez do sistema bancrio
solidez bancria

banking survey
[GMBS; IFS]

sntese bancria

40 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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banking
banking sector

sistema bancrio
setor bancrio
bancos
banca

bankruptcy

quebra
falncia

bar
[gold]

ouro em barra
barra (de ouro)

bargaining power

poder de negociao
capacidade de negociao
poder de barganha

barrier to entry
[trade]

barreira entrada

barter

escambo
troca direta

41 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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barter economy

economia de escambo
economia de troca

base money
monetary base
reserve money
central bank money
high-powered money

base monetria
emisso primria

base period

perodo-base
perodo de referncia

Basel Capital Accord
[BIS]

Acordo de Capital da Basilia

Basel capital
[MPI]

capital pela definio do Acordo da Basilia

Basel Committee on Banking Supervision
BCBS
Basel Committee
Cooke Committee

Comit de Superviso Bancria da Basilia
Comit da Basilia
Comit Cooke

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Basel II
[BIS]

Novo Acordo de Capital da Basilia
Acordo da Basilia II
Basilia II

baseline projection

previso de referncia

baseline scenario
[IMF]
reference scenario
RS
benchmark scenario
trend scenario
business-as-usual scenario
BAU
nonintervention scenario

cenrio de referncia
cenrio-base

base-weighted price index
base-weighted index
Laspeyres index
[FSIG]

ndice ponderado em funo do ano-base
ndice ponderado no perodo-base
ndice de Laspeyres

basic balance
[BPM5]

saldo bsico
balana bsica

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basic foodstuffs
staples

gneros alimentcios de primeira necessidade
alimentos bsicos
gneros alimentares bsicos
[PRT]

basic period
[IMF]

perodo bsico

basic rate of charge
[IMF]

taxa bsica de comisso

basic vote
[IMF]

voto bsico

basis of assessment

matria coletvel

basis of reporting

critrios para declarao de dados
critrios de comunicao de informaes

basis point
BPS

ponto-base
ponto bsico

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basket peg
basket pegging
composite peg

vinculao a uma cesta (de moedas)
vinculao a vrias moedas
determinao da taxa de cmbio por referncia a uma cesta (de moedas)
fixao da taxa de cmbio por referncia a vrias moedas

bear market
[securities exchange]
bearish market

mercado baixista
mercado em baixa

bearer instrument
bearer paper
bearer security

instrumento ao portador
ttulo ao portador

before taxes
pretax

antes dos impostos
antes da deduo dos impostos
pr-tributao

beggar-my-neighbor policy
beggar-thy-neighbor policy

poltica de empobrecimento do vizinho
poltica de cada um por si

behavior variable

varivel de comportamento

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behavioral equation

equao de comportamento

below the line
[BPM5, GFS 1986]

abaixo da linha

below-the-line item

conta extraordinria
rubrica extraordinria

benchmark bond index
[IMF]

ndice de ttulos de referncia

benchmark
[IMF, PRGF]
performance benchmark

indicador de referncia

benefit
benefits

benefcio
vantagem

best estimate

estimao tima

best practices
BP

melhores prticas
prticas timas

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better-policies scenario
[WEO]
best-policies scenario
optimistic scenario

cenrio baseado nas polticas mais favorveis
cenrio otimista
melhor cenrio

bias
[statistics]

vis
tendenciosidade
enviesamento

biased estimator

estimador viesado
estimador tendencioso
estimador enviesado

biased
[statistics]

viesado
tendencioso
enviesado

bicyclic procedure
[IMF consultations]
bi-cycle

procedimento de consultas em ciclo duplo
ciclo duplo de consultas
ciclo duplo

47 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

English Portuguese
bid price

valor oferecido
preo oferecido
oferta de preo

bidder
tenderer

licitante
concorrente
ofertante

bid-offer spread
[exchange rates]

diferencial entre as taxas de compra e de venda
+spread+ cambial

biennial consultation
[IMF]

consulta bienal

biennial surveillance review
BSR
Biennial Review of Surveillance

exame bienal da superviso

bilateral central rate
[EMS]

taxa central bilateral

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bilateral creditor
[HIPC Initiative]

credor bilateral

bilateral payments agreement
[GMBS]
bilateral payments arrangement

acordo bilateral de pagamentos

bilateral surveillance
[IMF]
Article IV surveillance

superviso bilateral
superviso nos termos do Artigo IV

bill

ttulo a curto prazo

billion
[IMF-IBRD; USA]

bilho
[BRA]
mil milhes
[PRT]

blending of resources

combinao de recursos

blocked account
[GMBS]

conta bloqueada

49 IMF Glossary Web PORTUGUESE - March 2011| International Monetary Fund

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blue chip
gilt-edged security
[GBR]

+blue chips+
aes/papis de primeira linha

Board Discussion

Discusso do Conselho

Board of Executive Directors
[WB]
Board

Conselho de Administrao

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
[USA]
Federal Reserve Board
FRB

Conselho de Governadores do Federal Reserve System

Board of Governors
[IMF]

Assemblia de Governadores

bond

ttulo de crdito
obrigao
bnus
letra

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bond market
fixed-income market

mercado de ttulos de renda fixa

bond portfolio
holdings of bonds

carteira de ttulos

bonded good

mercadoria em depsito (alfandegrio)
mercadoria no liberada (pela alfndega)

bonus share
bonus stock

bonificao em aes

book profit

lucro contbil

book-entry security
paperless security

ttulo escritural
ttulo desmaterializado

border trade

comrcio fronteirio

border worker

trabalhador fronteirio

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Borrowed Resources Suspense Accounts
[IMF]
BRSA

Contas Transitrias de Recursos Tomados

borrowed resources
[IMF]

recursos tomados
recursos alheios

borrowing arrangement
[IMF]
borrowing agreement

acordo de obteno de emprstimos

borrowing capacity

capacidade creditcia
capacidade de endividamento

borrowing rate

taxa de captao
taxa passiva
taxa de juro das operaes passivas
taxa de juros de captao

borrowing ratio
[IMF borrowing]

coeficiente de endividamento
coeficiente de recursos tomados em emprstimo

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borrowing requirement

necessidade de financiamento
necessidade de endividamento

borrowing-quota ratio
[IMF borrowing]

relao emprstimos/quotas

bottleneck inflation

inflao por estrangulamento (do abastecimento)

bracket creep
[taxation]
bracket progression

no atualizao da tabela

Brady Plan

Plano Brady

branch

sucursal

Brazil, Russia, India and China Club
BRIC Club

grupo BRIC
bloco BRIC

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break-even point

ponto de equilbrio
ponto morto econmico
[PRT]
ponto crtico das vendas
[PRT]

Bretton Woods Institutions
BWI

Instituies de Bretton Woods
IBW

Bretton Woods system
[exchange rates]

sistema de Bretton Woods

bridge table
[statistics]

tabela de correspondncia

briefing

+briefing+

briefing note

nota de orientao

broadening of the tax base

ampliao da base tributria
ampliao da base de tributao
ampliao da base impositiva

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broadly defined money supply
broad money
money broadly

meios de pagamento em sentido amplo
massa monetria em sentido amplo
moeda em sentido amplo
moeda em sentido lato

broker
stockbroker

+broker+
corretor (de bolsa)

brokerage fee
brokerage

corretagem
comisso de corretagem
taxa de corretagem

Brussels Office
[IMF-EUR]
EUO/BR

Escritrio de Bruxelas

budget appropriation process
budget appropriation
appropriation
budgetary appropriation
budgetary appropriation process

abertura de crdito oramentrio
[BRA]
dotao oramental
[PRT]
cabimentao oramental
[AGO, MOZ]

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budget constraint

restrio oramentria
restrio oramental

budget cut

reduo oramentria
corte oramental
corte do oramento

budget deficit
budget gap

dficit oramentrio
[BRA]
dfice oramental
[PRT, AFR]

budget estimate
budget forecast

previses oramentrias
estimativas oramentrias

budget execution

execuo oramentria
execuo oramental
execuo do oramento

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budget framework law

Lei de Diretrizes Oramentrias
[BRA]
LDO
Lei-Quadro do Oramento
[AFR]

budget institution
budgetary unit
spending agency
spending department
spending unit

unidade oramentria
[BRA]
UO
unidade oramental
[PRT, AFR]

budget law
approved budget

lei do oramento
lei oramentria
lei de finanas
oramento aprovado

budget outturn
budget performance

resultado oramentrio
resultado da execuo oramental

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budget proposal
[GFS 1986]
draft budget
budget bill

projeto de lei de oramento
projeto de oramento

Budget Reform Division
[OBP/BR]

Diviso de Reforma Oramentria

budget savings

economia oramentria
[BRA]
poupana oramental
[PRT]

Budget Strategy Division
[IMF-OBP/BS]

Diviso de Estratgia Oramentria

budget year

exerccio
exerccio oramentrio

budgetary balance
budgetary equilibrium

equilbrio oramentrio

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budgetary expenditure
budgetary outlay
fiscal expenditure

despesa oramentria
gasto oramentrio
encargo oramental
despesa fiscal

budgeted funds

recursos previstos pelo oramento
recursos previstos no oramento
recursos oramentados

budgeting

elaborao do oramento

budgetization
fiscalization

incorporao ao oramento

buff (paper)
[IMF]
buff statement

pronunciamento do senhor X sobre ...
resumo do Presidente ao concluir os debates sobre ... (+BUFF+)

Buffer Stock Financing Facility
[SNA93]
BSFF

programa de financiamento de estoques reguladores

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building and loan associations
[SNA93]

associao de crdito imobilirio

built-in elasticity of a tax system

elasticidade intrnseca de um sistema tributrio

bull market
[securities exchange]
bullish market

mercado altista
mercado em alta

bullet loan

emprstimo reembolsvel no vencimento
emprstimo reembolsvel em um s pagamento no vencimento

bunching of maturities
debt bunching

concentrao de vencimentos

buoyancy

dinamismo
vigor

burden sharing
[IMF; BPM5]

repartio da carga

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burden-sharing mechanism
[IMF]

mecanismo de repartio da carga

business activity

atividade econmica
atividade industrial e comercial

business community

empresariado
meio empresarial
setor empresarial
comunidade empresarial

business continuity plan

plano de continuidade dos negcios

business corporation
corporation

sociedade annima

business cycle
economic cycle
trade cycle
boom and bust
boom-bust cycle

ciclo econmico
ciclo conjuntural
ciclo de expanso e contrao

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business plan

plano empresarial
plano estratgico

business profits
trading profits

lucros da atividade comercial
lucros da explorao comercial

business travel
[BPM5]

viagens a negcios
viagens de negcios

buyback agreement
debt buyback
debt repurchase

acordo de recompra
recompra da dvida
recompra de dvidas

buyer's credit
[WTO]

crdito ao comprador

buyer's market
soft market

mercado comprador
mercado de compradores
mercado de procura

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buying exchange rate
buying rate
buyer's rate
bid rate

taxa de compra
taxa de cmbio de compra
preo de compra

buying member
[IMF]

pas membro comprador

By-Laws
[IMF]
by-laws

Estatutos

By-Laws, Rules and Regulations
[IMF]

Estatutos e Regimento Interno

byproduct
by-product

subproduto
produto derivado

calculated quota share
[IMF]
share in calculated quotas
[IMF]

quota relativa calculada

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calendar year

ano civil
ano calendrio

call account

conta vista

call in debt

exigir pagamento imediato (de uma dvida)
exigir resgate imediato (de um crdito)

call option
call

opo de compra
+call+

cancellation of SDRs
[IMF]

cancelamento de DES

capacity building

capacitao
reforo das capacidades
fortalecimento das capacidades

capacity constraint

limitao da capacidade produtiva
insuficincia de capacidade

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capacity output

produo a plena capacidade
capacidade de produo (total)

capacity underutilization
underutilization

subutilizao
subemprego

capacity utilization

utilizao da capacidade produtiva
utilizao do aparelho produtivo

capital

capital

capital account convertibility

conversibilidade da conta de capitais
conversibilidade da moeda para fins de operaes de capitais

capital account
[budget]

conta de capital

capital adequacy

suficincia do capital
suficincia de capital

capital adequacy ratio
CAR

rcio de adequao dos fundos prprios
[PRT]

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capital asset
fixed asset
fixed capital
non-current asset
long-term asset
long-lived asset
plant and equipment

instalaes e equipamento

capital assets pricing model
CAPM

modelo de precificao de ativos financeiros
modelo de precificao de ativos de capital
modelo de precificao de ativos
CAPM

capital base

base de capital
capital

capital budget
[IMF]

oramento de investimento
oramento de capital

capital controls

controles sobre operaes de capitais

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capital deepening

intensificao do capital
intensificao do uso do capital
aumento da relao capital/trabalho

capital expenditure
CAPEX
capital outlay

despesas de capital
despesas de investimento
gastos de investimento

capital flight
[SNA93]
flight of funds

fuga de capitais
fuga de capital
evaso de capital

capital flow
capital movements

fluxo de capitais
fluxo de capital
movimento de capitais

capital formation
[SNA93]

formao de capital

capital gain
holding gains

ganho de capital
mais-valia

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capital gains tax

imposto sobre ganhos de capital
[BRA]
imposto sobre mais-valias
[PRT]

capital gearing ratio
gearing ratio
leverage
[corporate finance, USA]
gearing
[GBR]
financial gearing

alavancagem
poder multiplicador

capital good
producer good

bem de capital
bem de equipamento
bem de produo

Capital Market Development and Financial Infrastructure Division
[MCM/CD]

Diviso de Desenvolvimento dos Mercados de Capitais e Infra-estrutura Financeira

capital, excluding reserve assets
capital, excluding reserves

capitais, exclusive reservas

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capital-asset ratio
[banking]
capital ratio

relao capital prprio/ativo
coeficiente de capital

capital-debt ratio
equity-debt ratio

coeficiente de endividamento
relao capital/dvida
relao capital prprio/recursos alheios

capital-exporting country

pas exportador de capitais
pas exportador de capital

capital-importing country

pas importador de capitais
pas importador de capital

capitalization (of interest)
[Paris Club]

capitalizao (de juros)

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carbon capture and storage
CCS
carbon capture

captura e armazenagem de carbono
captura de carbono
sequestro de carbono
[BRA]
CCS
CAC
[PRT]

carbon credits

crditos de carbono

Caribbean Community
CARICOM
Caribbean Common Market

Comunidade do Caribe
CARICOM
Mercado Comum do Caribe

Caribbean Development Bank
CARIBANK
CDB

Banco de Desenvolvimento do Caribe
CARIBANK

Caribbean Financial Action Task Force
[money laundering]
CFATF

Grupo de Ao Financeira do Caribe
GAFIC

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Caribbean Regional Technical Assistance Center
[IMF-CARICOM-UNDP]
CARTAC

Centro Regional de Assistncia Tcnica do Caribe
CARTAC

carry trade

+carry trade+
operaes de carregamento

carryforward
carryover
loss carryforward
loss carryover
tax loss carryforward
tax loss carryover

reporte de prejuzo
[PRT, AFR]
reporte de prejuzos fiscais
[PRT, AFR]

carrying value
carrying amount
written-down value
book value

valor contbil
valor contabilstico
valor de balano
[PT, AFR]

Cartagena Agreement
Andean Subregional Integration Agreement

Acordo de Cartagena
Acordo de Integrao Sub-regional Andina

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cascading
[taxation]

efeito cascata
efeito em cascata

case study

estudo de caso

cash account
[IMF, SDA]

conta de caixa

cash basis accounting
cash accounting

contabilidade em regime de caixa
contabilidade de caixa
contabilidade pelo conceito de caixa

cash bond
[contracts]

cauo em dinheiro

cash buyback
[debt]

recompra de dvida em dinheiro

cash flow

fluxo de caixa
fluxo de tesouraria
movimentos de caixa

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cash flow budget
cash budget
cash plan

oramento de caixa
oramento de tesouraria

cash in hand
cash on hand
[GFSM]

caixa
dinheiro em caixa
disponvel em caixa
dinheiro em cofre
encaixe

cash loan
financial loan

emprstimo em moeda

cash management

gesto de caixa
gesto de tesouraria

cash margin

margem de caixa
margem de tesouraria

cash payment

pagamento em dinheiro

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cash voucher
[GFS 1986]

comprovante de caixa

cashier's check
official check
treasurer's check
bank check

cheque administrativo
cheque bancrio
cheque de banco

Center for Latin American Monetary Studies
CEMLA

Centro de Estudos Monetrios Latino-Americanos
CEMLA

Central Africa Regional Technical Assistance Center
[IMF]
Central AFRITAC

AFRITAC Central

Central African Economic and Monetary Community
CAEMC
Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa

Comunidade Econmica e Monetria da frica Central
CEMAC

Central African Monetary Union
CAMU

Unio Monetria da frica Central
UMAC

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Central African States Development Bank
CASDB

Banco de Desenvolvimento dos Estados da frica Central
BDEAC

Central American Common Market
CACM

Mercado Comum Centro-Americano
MCCA

Central American Division
[WHD/CA]

Diviso da Amrica Central

Central American Free Trade Agreement
CAFTA
Dominican Republic - Central America - United States Free Trade Agreement
CAFTA-DR

Acordo de Livre Comrcio EUA-Amrica Central-Repblica Dominicana
CAFTA-DR

Central Bank Gold Agreement
CBGA
Washington Agreement on Gold

Acordo sobre o Ouro dos Bancos Centrais

Central Bank of West African States
BCEAO

Banco Central dos Estados da frica Ocidental
BCEAO

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central bank
central banker

banco central

central banking

bancos centrais
atividades de banco central

Central Banking and Monetary Policy Division
[ IMF-MCM ]
CM

Diviso de Bancos Centrais e Poltica Monetria

Central Banking Division
[MCM/CB]

Diviso de Bancos Centrais

Central Division, I, II, III
[EUR/C1, C2, C3]

Diviso da Europa Central I, II, III

central rate
[IMF]

taxa central

centrally planned economy
[SNA93]
CPE

economia planificada
economia centralizada
economia de planejamento central

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certified check
marked check
certified bank check
[GMBS]

cheque visado
cheque marcado
cheque certificado

ceteris paribus
all other things being equal
other things equal
other things being equal

+ceteris paribus+
mantidas as demais condies
em igualdade de condies
tudo o mais constante
tudo o resto constante

CFA Franc Zone
franc zone
franc area

zona do franco CFA
zona do franco

chair
[IMF Governance]

Presidncia
Presidente

Chairman of the Executive Board
[IMF]

Presidente do Conselho de Administrao

Chairman's Statement
[IMF]

Declarao do Presidente

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charge
[in general]

taxa
comisso
comisses

chargeback

imputao de custos ao usurio

chart of accounts

plano de contas

checks and balances system

sistema de freios e contrapesos
sistema de pesos e contrapesos

Chiang Mai initiative
CMI

Iniciativa de Chiang Mai
Iniciativa Chiang Mai

civil service

servio pblico
funo pblica

civil society
civic society

sociedade civil

claims on deposit money banks
[GMBS; IFS]

crdito aos bancos criadores de moeda

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claims on general government
[GFS 1986]

crdito ao governo geral
crdito administrao pblica

claims on nonfinancial public enterprises
[GMBS; IFS]

crdito s empresas pblicas no financeiras

claims on official entities
[GMBS; IFS]

crdito a entidades oficiais

claims on other financial institutions
[GMBS; IFS]

crdito a outras instituies financeiras

claims on private sector
[GMBS; IFS]

crdito ao setor privado

claims on state and local governments
[GMBS; IFS]

crdito aos governos estaduais e locais

clearing account
[IFS]

conta de compensao

clearing arrangement

acordo de compensao

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clearing mechanism

mecanismo de compensao

clearinghouse
clearing house
[SNA93]

cmara de compensao

client due diligence
[money laundering]
customer due diligence
know your customer
know your client
KYC

dever de vigilncia relativo clientela
vigilncia relativa clientela
medidas CDD

Client Services Division
[TGS/IC]

Diviso de Servios aos Clientes

close the books

fechar a contabilidade

code of conduct
[IMF member]

cdigo de conduta

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Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency (2001)
[IMF]
Revised Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency

+Cdigo de Boas Prticas para a Transparncia Fiscal+
+Cdigo de Boas Prticas para a Transparncia Fiscal -- Reviso+

Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency (2007)
[IMF]

+Cdigo de Boas Prticas para a Transparncia Fiscal+

Code of Good Practices on Transparency in Monetary and Financial Policies:
Declaration of Principles
[IMF]
MFP Transparency Code
MFP Code

+Cdigo de Boas Prticas para a Transparncia nas Polticas Monetria e Financeira:
Declarao de Princpios+

cofinancing arrangement
[IBRD]

acordo de co-financiamento

cofinancing trust account
[IMF]
CTA

conta fiduciria de co-financiamento
CTA

coinage
minting

cunhagem

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coincident indicator
coincidental indicator

indicator coincidente
indicator simultneo

collateral account
[IMF rights approach]

conta de garantia

collateral security
collateral guarantee
collateral
[BPM6; GFSM]

cauo
penhor
garantia real
garantia

collateralize

garantir
constituir garantia (de pagamento)
caucionar

collateralized bond

obrigao garantida
obrigao caucionada

collateralized bond obligation
CBO

CBO

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collateralized debt obligation
CDO

obrigao de dvida colateralizada

collateralized loan obligation
CLO

CLO

collateralized mortgage obligation
CMO

CMO

collect tax

recolher impostos

collective action clause
[debt]
CAC

clusula de ao coletiva
CAC

collective bargaining

negociao coletiva

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collective bargaining agreement
collective labor agreement
labor contract
union contract

acordo coletivo de trabalho
[BRA]
acordo coletivo
[BRA]
convnio laboral
convnio coletivo

collective good
public good
social good

bem coletivo
bem pblico

collective representation clause

clusula de representao coletiva

Cologne terms

condies de Colnia
disposies de Colnia

combating the financing of terrorism
CFT

represso do financiamento do terrorismo

command economy
controlled economy

economia dirigida

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commercial bank

banco comercial

commercial debt
bank debt

dvida com bancos
dvida para com os bancos

commercial interest reference rate
CIRR

taxa de juro comercial de referncia
CIRR
TJCR

commercial lending
commercial loan
commercial credit
[Paris Club]
nonconcessional loan

emprstimo comercial
crdito em condies de mercado
emprstimo em condies no concessionais

commercial mortgage-backed security
CMBS

CMBS
ttulo garantido por hipoteca comercial

commercial paper
[FSIG]

+commercial paper+
papel comercial

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Commission of the European Communities
[EC]
CEC
European Commission
EC

Comisso das Comunidades Europias
CCE
Comisso Europia

commitment fee
commitment charge

comisso de compromisso
taxa de comprometimento
comisso por imobilizao de recursos

commitment period

perodo de compromisso
perodo para utilizao dos recursos
perodo de desembolso

Committee of Eminent Persons to Study Sustainable Long-Term Financing of the IMF
Committee to Study Sustainable Long-Term Financing of the IMF
Committee of Eminent Persons
Crockett Committee

comisso de notveis

Committee of the Whole for the Development Committee
[IMF, Executive Board]
CWDC

Comisso Plenria para o Comit de Desenvolvimento

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Committee of the Whole on Review of Quotas
[IMF, Executive Board]
CQuota

Comisso Plenria para a Reviso das Quotas

Committee on Article XIV Consultations
[IMF, Executive Board]

Comisso de Consultas do Artigo XIV

Committee on IMF Governance Reform

Comit sobre a Reforma da Governana do FMI

Committee on Interpretation
[IMF, Executive Board]
COI

Comisso de Interpretao

Committee on Membership -- [country]
[IMF, Executive Board]
membership committee

Comisso de Admisso -- [pas]

Committee on the Annual Report
[IMF, Executive Board]
CAR

Comisso do Relatrio Anual

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commodity

+commodity+
produto
artigo
mercadoria

commodity exchange
commodities exchange
exchange

bolsa de mercadorias
bolsa mercantil

commodity fund

fundo de commodities

commodity futures market

mercado de futuros de +commodities+
mercado de futuros de mercadorias
bolsa de futuros de mercadorias

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
COMESA

Mercado Comum para a frica Oriental e Austral
COMESA

Common Monetary Area
[AFR]
CMA

rea Monetria Comum
CMA

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common share
common stock
ordinary share
stock

ao ordinria

commons

propriedade coletiva (de uma comunidade)
patrimnio comum
bens comunitrios

Commonwealth of Independent States
CIS

Comunidade de Estados Independentes
CEI

community-based organization
CBO

organizao comunitria de base
OCB
organizao comunitria
organizao de base
entidade de base

community-driven development
CDD

desenvolvimento de inspirao comunitria

comparative advantage

vantagem comparativa

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Compensation and Benefits Policy Division
[HRD/CB]

Diviso de Poltica de Remunerao e Benefcios

compensation
[SDR]

compensao

Compensatory and Contingency Financing Facility
[IMF]
CCFF

Programa de Financiamento Compensatrio e para Contingncias
CCFF

compensatory drawing
[IMF]

saque compensatrio

Compensatory Financing Facility
[IMF]
CFF

Programa de Financiamento Compensatrio
CFF

competitive bid
[securities auctions]

oferta competitiva

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competitive depreciation
[exchange]
competitive devaluation

desvalorizao competitiva

competitive disadvantage

desvantagem competitiva

competitiveness
competitive ability

competitividade

completion point triggers
[IMF--HIPC Initiative]

fatores de ativao do ponto de concluso

completion point
[IMF; HIPC Initiative]

ponto de concluso

composition of creditors
[bankruptcy]
composition agreement
creditors' arrangement

concordata

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Comprehensive Development Framework
[IBRD]
CDF

Quadro de Desenvolvimento Integrado
CDF

compression factor

fator de compresso

compulsory reserve deposit

depsito de reserva compulsrio
reserva(s) compulsria(s)

compulsory withdrawal
[IMF]

separao obrigatria

concessional assistance
concessional aid

assistncia concessional
ajuda concessional

concessional element
concessionary element

elemento concessional

concessional financing

financiamento concessional
financiamento em condies concessionais

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concessional flow
concessionary flow

fluxo de capitais concessionais
fluxo de capitais em condies concessionais

concessional interest rate

taxa de juros concessional

concessional loan

emprstimo concessional
emprstimo em condies concessionais

concessional terms
concessionary terms

condies concessionais

concessional treatment
[Paris Club]
concessionality

tratamento concessional
concessionalidade

concessional
concessionary

concessional
concessionrio

concessionality

concessionalidade
carter concessional

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concurrence of the member
[IMF]

concordncia do pas membro

conditional relief arrangement
[customs]

regime suspensivo
regime de suspenso do pagamento de direitos

conditionality for the tranches
[IMF]

condicionalidade dos saques nas parcelas de crdito

conditionality
[IMF]

condicionalidade

confidence interval
[statistics]

intervalo de confiana

consent
[IMF quotas]

concordncia
aceitao
consentimento

consolidated central government
[GFS; GFSY]

governo central consolidado

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consolidation

consolidao

constituency
[IMF Executive Board and committees]
chair

representao
pas(es) representado(s) (por ...)
grupo de pases (representados por ...)
grupo de pases (que elegem um representante)
cadeira
[This term is used by the Brazilian ED, as in "A nossa cadeira na diretoria, que
representa o Brasil e mais oito pases da nossa regio," or in " uma inovao
considervel e que se aproxima bastante do desenho que vinha sendo defendido pela
cadeira brasileira nas discusses internas."]

constraint

restrio
obstculo
constrangimento
[MOZ]

consultation cycle
[IMF]

ciclo de consultas

Consultative Group on Exchange Rate Issues
CGER
Consultative Group on Exchange Rates

Grupo Consultivo sobre Taxas de Cmbio

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consumer credit
[SNA93]

crdito ao consumidor

consumer durable
hard good

bem de consumo durvel
[BRA]
bem de consumo duradouro
[PRT, AFR]

consumer price index
CPI

ndice de preos ao consumidor
[BRA]
ndice de preos no consumidor
[PRT, AFR]

consumer surplus

excedente do consumidor

consumption expenditure
consumption spending

despesas de consumo
gastos de consumo

consumption function

funo de consumo

consumption pattern
consumption behavior

hbitos de consumo
padro de consumo

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consumption tax

imposto de consumo
imposto sobre o consumo

contagion effect
contagion
[FSIG]

efeito de contgio
contgio

contingency clause
[IBRD/CCFF]

clusula de contingncia

contingency financing
contingent financing
contingent credit line

financiamento contingente

contingency fund
[GFS 1986]
contingency reserve

fundo de contingncia
fundo de reserva

contingency measure

medida contingente
medida para casos imprevistos

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contingent claim
contingent asset

ativo contingente
ativo eventual
exigibilidade contingente
exigibilidade eventual

contingent claims approach
CCA

abordagem dos ativos contingentes
mtodo dos ativos contingentes

contingent contract
[GFSM 2001]

contrato condicional

Contingent Credit Line(s)
[IMF]
CCL

Linha(s) de Crdito Contingente
CCL

contingent liability

passivo contingente
passivo eventual
responsabilidade contingente
responsabilidade eventual

contingent risk

risco contingente

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continuous session
[IMF, Executive Board]

sesso permanente

contractionary bias

vis contracionista

contractionary policy

poltica contracionista
poltica de contrao

control

controle
regulamentao
acompanhamento

convertible debt instrument

instrumento de dvida conversvel

cooperation test
[IMF]

teste de cooperao

cooperative arrangements (for maintenance of value of currencies)
[IMF, exchange arrangements]

mecanismos de cooperao (para a manuteno do valor das moedas)

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cooperative monetary arrangement
[monetary policy]
cooperative arrangement
common arrangement
common monetary arrangement

acordo de cooperao monetria
mecanismo de cooperao monetria

cooperative sector
[SNA93]

setor de cooperativas

Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey
[IMF, OECD]
CPIS

Inqurito Coordenado sobre Investimentos de Carteira

Coordination and Standards Division
[PDR/CS]

Diviso de Coordenao e Normas

core bank

banco comercial principal

core fund
[Global Environment Facility, WB]

fundo bsico

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core inflation
underlying inflation
built-in inflation

inflao fundamental
inflao subjacente
inflao bsica
ncleo da inflao
cerne da inflao

core lending
[IBRD]

emprstimo(s) bsico(s)

Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision
[BIS;Basle Committee]
core principles
Basel Core Principles

Princpios Fundamentais da Basilia para a Superviso Bancria Eficaz
Princpios Fundamentais da Superviso Bancria Eficaz
Princpios Fundamentais

corporate accounting standards

normas de contabilidade empresarial
normas contbeis empresariais
normas de contabilidade societria

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corporate governance

governana corporativa
+corporate governance+
[PRT]
governao societria
[PRT]
governo das sociedades
[PRT]

corporate income tax
CIT

imposto de renda da pessoa jurdica
[BRA]
IRPJ
imposto sobre o rendimento das pessoas coletivas
[PRT, AFR]
IRPC
[MOZ]
IRC
[PRT]
imposto sobre os rendimentos das sociedades

corporate sector workout
corporate workout
workout

reestruturao da dvida de empresas em dificuldades
reestruturao da dvida do setor empresarial
renegociao da dvida

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correlation coefficient
[statistics]

coeficiente de correlao

correspondent bank

correspondente bancrio
correspondente
banco correspondente

cost & freight
c. & f.
CFR

custo e frete
C&F

cost accounting

contabilidade analtica
contabilidade de custos

cost effectiveness
effectiveness

economicidade

cost price

preo de custo

cost pricing

fixao do preo em funo do custo

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cost recovery
[BPM5]

recuperao dos custos

cost, insurance, and freight
c.i.f.
cost, insurance, freight
[SNA93]

custo, seguro e frete
CIF

cost-benefit analysis

anlise de custos e benefcios
anlise custo-benefcio

cost-push inflation
cost inflation

inflao de custos
inflao pelos custos
inflao por aumento de custos

Council
[IMF, AA]

Conselho

Counsel, Consulting
[IMF-LEG]

Consultor Jurdico

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Counsellor (of the Fund)
[IMF]

Conselheiro (do FMI)

countercyclical action
anticyclical measure

ao anticclica
medidas de estabilizao da conjuntura

counterpart entry
counterpart item

lanamento de contrapartida

counterpart to allocation/cancellation
[IMF, BPM5]

contrapartida de alocaes/cancelamentos

counterpart to monetization/demonetization of gold
counterpart to monetization/demonetization

contrapartida de monetizao/desmonetizao

counterpart to valuation changes
[BPM5; IFS Descriptors]
revaluation counterpart

contrapartida de variaes de avaliao

countertrade
[BPM5]

+countertrade+
comrcio de compensao
comrcio compensatrio

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countervailing duty
antibounty duty

direitos compensatrios

country coordinator
[GDDS]

coordenador nacional

country ownership
borrower ownership
program ownership
ownership

adeso (do pas, da populao) ao programa
participao (efetiva) no programa
identificao com o programa
envolvimento
sensao de propriedade
paternidade

country page
[IFS]

pgina do pas
pginas por pases

country partnership strategy
[World Bank]
CPS
country assistance strategy
[IBRD]
CAS

estratgia de assistncia a um pas
estratgia de assistncia ao pas

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country risk
[BPM5]

risco-pas

country-owned [strategy, program]

nacional
formulado pelo pas
de inspirao nacional

coupon bond

obrigao de cupom

coupon rate

taxa de juro do cupom
taxa de cupom

cover
[export credit]

garantia de crdito exportao

coverage
[IMF-EBB]

cobertura (dos dados)
extenso
campo de aplicao
campo de ao
abrangncia
amplitude

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covered interest rate arbitrage
[exchange market]
CIA

arbitragem de taxas de juro com cobertura a prazo

covered interest rate differential
[exchange market]

diferencial de taxas de juro com cobertura a prazo

crawling peg
adjustable peg
fixed but adjustable exchange rate

paridade mvel
paridade deslizante
+crawling peg+
paridade ajustvel
taxa de cmbio fixa mas ajustvel

credit

crdito

credit balance

saldo credor

credit cooperative
[GMBS]

cooperativa de crdito

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credit crunch
credit squeeze
credit freeze
tightening of credit

retrao do crdito
restrio do crdito
compresso do crdito
arrocho do crdito

credit default swap
CDS

+swap+ de risco de incumprimento

credit from monetary authorities
[IFS; GMBS]

crdito das autoridades monetrias

credit policy

poltica creditcia
poltica de crdito

credit rating

conceito de crdito
+rating+

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credit rating agency
[corporations]
credit agency
mercantile agency
international rating agency
rating agency
rating services

agncia classificadora de risco de crdito
agncia de classificao de risco de crdito
agncia de rating

credit rationing

racionamento do crdito

credit risk indicator
CRI

indicador de risco de crdito

credit risk
[FSIG]
counterparty risk

risco de crdito
risco de contraparte

credit tranche drawing
[IMF]

saque nas parcelas de crdito

credit tranche position

posio na parcela de crdito

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credit tranche purchase
[IMF]

compra nas parcelas de crdito

credit tranche
[IMF]

parcela de crdito

credit union
cooperative savings association

associao de crdito mtuo
cooperativa de crdito
cooperativa de poupana e crdito

creditor bank

banco credor

creditor country

pas credor

creditor position
asset position

posio credora
saldo credor

creditor
[GFSM; SNA93]

credor

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creditworthiness
credit standing

crdito
conceito de crdito
capacidade creditcia
reputao de crdito
idoneidade
solvabilidade

creeping inflation (steady)
persistent inflation

inflao rastejante

Crisis Resolution Issues Division
[SPR/CR]
CRI

Diviso de Questes Ligadas Resoluo de Crises

crony capitalism

"capitalismo entre amigos"
"capitalismo de compadres"
"capitalismo de cupinchas"
"capitalismo de quadrilhas"

cronyism

"compadrismo"
favoritismo
nepotismo

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crop year

ano agrcola
campanha
campanha agrcola

cross debts

dvidas cruzadas

cross elasticity

elasticidade cruzada

cross rate

taxa cruzada
taxa de cmbio cruzada

cross-border claim
transborder claim
transborder interbank claim

crdito extraterritorial
crdito exterior

cross-border lending
foreign lending

emprstimos no exterior
emprstimos extraterritoriais
emprstimos transfronteirios

cross-border risk

risco externo
risco exterior
risco das operaes externas

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cross-classification
multiple classification
[statistics]

classificao cruzada
classificao mltipla

cross-conditionality
[IMF-IBRD]

condicionalidade cruzada

cross-country analysis
cross-country review
cross-country study

anlise comparativa de pases
anlise multinacional
estudo de diversos pases

cross-default clause
[London Club]

clusula de exigibilidade cruzada
clusula de inadimplncia cruzada

cross-section analysis
cross-sectional study

anlise transversal
anlise de seo transversal
estudo transversal

crowding-in effect

efeito de atrao
efeito +crowding in+

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crowding-out effect
crowding out of private investment

efeito de expulso
efeito +crowding out+
efeito de excluso
efeito de deslocamento do setor privado
efeito de inibio da atividade privada

cumulative net drawings
[IMF]

saques lquidos acumulados

currency acceptable to the Fund
[IMF]

moeda aceitvel para o FMI

currency basket
basket of currencies

cesta de moedas
[BRA]
cabaz de moedas
[PRT]

currency board arrangement
[IMF exchange rate classification system, 2006]
CBA
currency board
[GFSM]

mecanismo do tipo +currency board+
+currency board+
conselho da moeda (+currency board+)

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currency component
[IMF]

componente monetrio

currency composite
composite of currencies

unidade monetria composta

currency composition

composio por moedas
composio monetria
moedas componentes

currency conversion
[BPM5]

converso da dvida a outra moeda
mudana da moeda de pagamento da dvida

currency holdings
[IMF]
IMF holdings of currencies
Fund holdings of currencies
currencies held by the Fund
[IMF]

haveres em moeda
haveres do FMI em moeda
moedas em poder do FMI

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currency in circulation

moeda em circulao
notas e moedas em circulao
circulao monetria
circulao fiduciria

currency issue

emisso monetria

currency liabilities

obrigaes em divisas
obrigaes expressas em divisas
passivos em divisas

currency outside banks
cash outside banks

moeda em poder do pblico
notas e moedas em poder do pblico
papel-moeda em poder do pblico

currency redenomination

converso monetria
reforma monetria
troca de moeda

currency substitution

substituio de moedas

currency swap

+swap+ de moedas

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currency union

unio monetria

currency unit

unidade monetria

currency valuation adjustment
[IMF, accounts]
CVA
valuation adjustment

ajuste por variao cambial

currency
[BPM5; BPM6; GFSM; SNA93]

moeda
meio circulante
circulao fiduciria
moeda corrente
efetivo
dinheiro
papel-moeda
moeda manual

current account

conta corrente
conta de transaes correntes

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current account balance
balance on current account

saldo em transaes correntes
saldo em conta corrente
balana corrente
saldo do balano de pagamentos em conta corrente

current account convertibility

conversibilidade da conta corrente
conversibilidade da moeda para fins de transaes correntes

current budget

oramento corrente

current capital
net current assets
working capital
[SNA93]

capital de giro
capital circulante
capital de explorao

Current Communications Division

Diviso de Comunicaes Peridicas

current prices
in current prices
at current prices
[CPI]

preos correntes
a preos correntes

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current replacement cost
replacement cost

custo de reposio

current revenue
[GFSY]
current receipts
[SNA93]
CR

receitas correntes

current, to be
[IMF]

estar em dia

current-weighted index
Paasche index

ndice ponderado em funo do perodo corrente
ndice de Paasche

customs bonded warehouse
bonded warehouse

armazm (geral) alfandegado
entreposto aduaneiro
armazm em regime aduaneiro

customs duty

direito aduaneiro
direito alfandegrio

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customs tariff
tariff
[SNA93]

tarifa aduaneira
pauta

cutoff date
[Paris Club]

data-limite

cyclical influence

influncia cclica
influncia conjuntural

cyclical unemployment

desemprego cclico

data dissemination

disseminao de dados
difuso de dados

Data Dissemination Standards Division
[STA/DD]

Diviso de Normas de Divulgao de Dados

Data Quality Assessment Framework
[IMF, DSBB]
DQAF

Quadro de Avaliao da Qualidade dos Dados

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data reporting
[IMF-STA]
reporting
[IMF-STA]

declarao de dados
comunicao de dados
transmisso de dados
reporte de dados

Data Standards Initiative
[IMF]
Standards Initiative

Iniciativa de Padres de Dados

dataset-specific quality assessment framework
dataset-specific framework
specific assessment framework

quadro de avaliao da qualidade de conjuntos especficos de dados
quadro de avaliao especfico

de minimis clause
[Paris Club]

clusula +de minimis+

deadweight loss
efficiency loss

perda de eficincia
perda de eficincia econmica

debenture debt

dvida mobiliria

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debenture
[GBR; USA]

debnture
obrigao (garantida)
[UK]
obrigao (no garantida)
[USA]

debit

dbito

debit balance

saldo devedor

debriefing
[IMF]

+debriefing+

debt and debt service reduction
DDSR

reduo da dvida e do servio da dvida
reduo do saldo e do servio da dvida

debt burden

nus da dvida
peso da dvida
carga da dvida
fardo da dvida

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debt capital
loan capital

capital alheio
recursos alheios
capitais tomados
capital de emprstimo

debt ceiling

teto de endividamento
[BRA]
+plafond+ de endividamento
[PRT]

debt consolidation
debt funding
funding

consolidao da dvida

debt conversion
[Paris Club]
debt swap
debt-debt swap
bond swap

converso da dvida
troca de ttulos da dvida
+swap+ da dvida

debt disbursed and outstanding

dvida desembolsada e pendente de reembolso
saldo da dvida

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English Portuguese
debt fatigue

fadiga da dvida

debt financing
debt finance

financiamento por endividamento
financiamento por dvida

debt for aid swap
[Paris Club]

converso da dvida em programas de assistncia

debt for development swap

converso da dvida em programas de financiamento do desenvolvimento
converso da dvida em financiamento do desenvolvimento

debt for environment swap

converso da dvida em medidas de proteo ambiental
converso da dvida em programas de proteo do meio ambiente

debt for nature swap
[Paris Club]

converso da dvida em programas de proteo da natureza
converso da dvida em medidas de proteo dos recursos naturais
converso dvida/natureza

debt forgiveness
debt cancellation
cancellation of debt
forgiveness

perdo da dvida
cancelamento da dvida
anulao da dvida

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debt holder

credor
detentor de instrumento de dvida

debt management

gesto da dvida
gerenciamento da dvida

debt moratorium
[London Club]
debt standstill
payments standstill

moratria da dvida
moratria de pagamentos

debt overhang

superendividamento
sobreendividamento
[PT, AFR]
excesso de endividamento
peso excessivo da dvida

Debt Policy Division
[ IMF-SPR ]

Diviso de Poltica da Dvida

debt principal
principal

capital da dvida

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Debt Reduction Facility for IDA-Only Countries
[IBRD]
IDA Debt Reduction Facility

Fundo para Reduo da Dvida dos Pases Exclusivamente IDA

debt reduction operations
DROPS

operaes de reduo da dvida

debt refinancing

refinanciamento da dvida

debt relief

alvio da dvida

debt reporting system
[IMF]

sistema de informao do servio da dvida externa

debt repudiation
[GFSM]

repdio da dvida

debt rescheduling
rescheduling

reescalonamento da dvida
reprogramao da dvida

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debt restructuring
debt reconstruction
restructuring

reestruturao da dvida

debt security
debt instrument

instrumento de dvida
ttulo de dvida

debt service payment
service payment

pagamento de servio da dvida
pagamento do servio da dvida

debt service ratio

relao do servio da dvida
rcio do servio da dvida

debt service
debt servicing
[SNA93]

servio da dvida

debt sustainability

sustentabilidade da dvida

debt sustainability analysis
[IMF]
DSA

anlise da sustentabilidade da dvida
ASD

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debt sustainability framework
DSF

quadro de sustentabilidade da dvida
QSD

debt workout
debt renegotiation
workout

renegociao da dvida

debt-distressed country
severely indebted country

pas superendividado
pas sobreendividado
pas excessivamente endividado

debt-distressed situation
debt distress

situao de superendividamento
superendividamento
sobreendividamento
situao crtica causada pelo excesso de endividamento

debt-equity ratio

relao de endividamento
relao dvida/capital prprio
relao emprstimos/capital social

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debt-equity swap
[Paris Club]
debt for equity swap
debt for equity conversion
conversion of debt into equity
debt-to-equity swap

converso da dvida em capital de risco
converso da dvida em capital social

debt-export ratio
debt-to-exports ratio

relao dvida/exportaes
rcio dvida/exportaes

debtor country

pas devedor

debtor position
liability position

posio devedora
saldo devedor

Debtor Reporting System, World Bank
[IBRD]
DRS

Sistema de Notificao da Dvida Externa do Banco Mundial

debt-servicing capacity

capacidade de servio da dvida
capacidade de cumprir o servio da dvida
capacidade de honrar o servio da dvida
capacidade de pagamento do servio da dvida

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decentralized agency
[GFS 1986]

entidade descentralizada

decision maker

decisor

decision making (process)

processo decisrio
processo de deciso
tomada de decises

Decision on Bilateral Surveillance over Members' Policies
[IMF]

Deciso sobre a Superviso Bilateral das Polticas dos Pases Membros

decision point
[IMF; HIPC Initiative]

ponto de deciso

declaration of censure
[IMF overdue financial obligations]
censure

declarao de censura

declaration of ineligibility
[IMF]

declarao de inabilitao

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declaration of noncooperation
[IMF]

declarao de no cooperao
declarao de falta de cooperao

decoupled income support
decoupled support
decoupling
[EU]

ajuda desligada da produo

default on obligations

descumprimento de obrigaes

default on payment
default

inadimplncia
inadimplemento
incumprimento de pagamentos
[PRT]

deferred charges
[IMF accounts]

comisso diferida

deferred compensation

remunerao diferida

deferred credit

crdito diferido

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deferred income
[IMF accounts]

receita diferida

deficit financing
deficit spending
pump priming

financiamento da economia por meio de dficit
despesa superior receita
gastos financiados por dficit

deficit reduction package

plano de reduo do dficit
pacote de reduo do dficit

deflate (prices)

deflacionar
exprimir em preos constantes
converter a preos constantes

deflationary demand measure

medida de compresso da demanda

deflationary gap

+gap+ deflacionrio
hiato deflacionrio

deflationary pressure

presso deflacionista

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deflator

deflator
deflacionador

delegation of authority
[BL]

delegao de poderes

deleverage
deleveraging

desalavancar
desalavancagem

delinquent borrower

tomador inadimplente
prestatrio inadimplente

delinquent tax

imposto em atraso

demand curve

curva da demanda
curva da procura

demand deposit
checking account deposit
sight deposit

depsito vista
depsito ordem

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demand elasticity
elasticity of demand

elasticidade da demanda
elasticidade da procura

demand function

funo da demanda
funo da procura

demand management

gesto da demanda
gesto da procura

demand restraint

moderao da demanda
conteno da demanda
limitao da procura

demand, payable on
[banking]

pagvel ordem
pagvel vista

demand-pull inflation
demand inflation

inflao de demanda
inflao pela procura
inflao por excesso de procura

Department Head
[IMF]

diretor de departamento

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departmental agency

rgo ministerial

depletion allowance
[SNA93]

quota de exausto

deposit bank
[IFS]

banco de depsito

deposit guarantee scheme

plano de garantia de depsitos

Deposit Insurance Fund
deposit insurance scheme

fundo de garantia de depsitos
fundo de seguro de depsitos

deposit money bank

banco criador de moeda

deposit taking
[banking]
attracting deposits

captao de depsitos

depository
[IMF]

depositrio

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depreciation

depreciao
amortizao

depressed area

zona deprimida

Deputy
[G-24, IDA]

Suplente

deregulation
decontrol

desregulamentao
liberalizao
liberao

derivative instrument
financial derivative
derivative

derivativo
derivativo financeiro
instrumento financeiro derivado
instrumento derivado

derivative
[calculus]

derivada

designated depository
[IMF]

depositrio designado

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designation plan
[IMF]

plano de designao

designation
[IMF; SDR]

designao

desk economist (for ... [country])
[IMF]
desk officer for ( ... [country])
country desk

Economista encarregado de ... [pas]

deterrence measure
[IMF overdue financial obligations]
deterrence
deterrent measure
deterrent

dissuaso
medida dissuasria

devaluation
[SNA93]

desvalorizao

developing and transition countries (DTC)

pases em desenvolvimento e em transio

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developing and transition countries
DTC

pases em desenvolvimento e em transio

developing country

pas em desenvolvimento

development aid
development assistance
[BPM5]

ajuda ao desenvolvimento
assistncia ao desenvolvimento

Development Assistance Committee
[OECD]
DAC

Comit de Assistncia para o Desenvolvimento
CAD

Development Issues Division
[SPR/DS]
DID

Diviso de Questes de Desenvolvimento

development partner

parceiro para o desenvolvimento
parceiro no desenvolvimento
parceiro do desenvolvimento

difference equation

equao de diferenas

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difference
[calculus]

diferena

differential

diferencial

differential equation
[calculus]

equao diferencial

diminishing returns

rendimentos decrescentes

direct investment

investimento direto

directed credit

crdito dirigido

direction of trade
geographical direction of trade

distribuio geogrfica do comrcio exterior

Director and Special Representative to the United Nations
[IMF-UNR]

Diretor e Representante Especial junto s Naes Unidas

Director for Special Operations

Diretor de Operaes Especiais

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Director
[IMF]

Diretor

Director, Assistant
[IMF]

Diretor Assistente

Director, Associate
[IMF]

Diretor Associado

Director, Deputy
[IMF]

Subdiretor

Director, Offices in Europe
[IMF/EUO]

Diretor dos Escritrios na Europa

directorship
[IMF, Executive Board]

posto de Administrador
cargo de Administrador

discount bond
discounted bond

bnus de desconto

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discount rate
[central banking]
minimum lending rate
[GBR]
MLR
bank rate
[GBR]

taxa de redesconto
taxa de desconto (do banco central)

discrete devaluation
step devaluation

desvalorizao discreta

discrete
[mathematics]

discreto
descontnuo

diseconomy

deseconomia

disincentive

desincentivo

disinflation

desinflao

disinflationary

desinflacionrio

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disintermediation

desintermediao

disposable income
[BPM5; SNA93]

renda disponvel
rendimento disponvel

disruption

perturbao

dissaving
negative saving

despoupana
poupana negativa

Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board
[IMF]
DSBB

Quadro de Avisos dos Padres de Disseminao de Dados
DSBB
Boletim Eletrnico sobre Normas de Difuso

distortion

distoro

distressed asset

ativo problemtico

distribution channel

canal de distribuio

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distributional effect
distributive effect

efeito distributivo

divergence indicator
[EMS]

indicador de divergncia

diversified borrower

tomador diversificado

divestiture (of public enterprises)

desestatizao

Division 1, 2, 3, ...
[AFR/01, 02, 03, ...]

Diviso 1, 2, 3, ...

Division Chief
[IMF]

Chefe de Diviso

Division Chief, Deputy
[IMF]

Subchefe de Diviso

Doha Development Agenda
[WTO]
DDA

Programa de Doha para o Desenvolvimento
Programa de Desenvolvimento de Doha

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Doha Development Round
Doha Round
development round
[trade]

Rodada de Desenvolvimento de Doha
[BRA]
Rodada de Doha
Ronda de Doha
Ronda de Desenvolvimento de Doha
[PRT]

dollar balances

saldos em dlares

domestic currency
[GFSM]
local currency
[GFSM]

moeda nacional
moeda local

domestic market
home market

mercado interno
mercado nacional

donor country

pas doador

donor
[SNA93]

doador

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double taxation
dual taxation

dupla tributao

doubtful loan
doubtful credit

crdito de cobrana duvidosa

down payment

entrada

downgrading

reclassificao (em categoria inferior)

downside risk

risco de deteriorao da conjuntura
risco de deteriorao da situao
risco de materializao de projees pessimistas
riscos de os resultados serem menos favorveis do que o previsto

downstream integration

integrao vertical para baixo
integrao para baixo

downturn
cyclical downturn
downswing
cyclical downswing

fase descendente (do ciclo econmico)
fase de contrao
ciclo de escassez

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downward adjustment

ajuste para baixo
correo para menos
reviso para menos

downward bias
negative bias

vis baixa
vis descendente
tendenciosidade descendente

downward trend
falling trend
downtrend

tendncia baixa
tendncia descendente

downward-sloping curve

curva descendente

draft resolution
[IMF]

projeto de resoluo

drawdown period

perodo de desembolso

drawing country
[IMF]
drawer

sacador
pas sacador

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drawing right
[IMF]

direito de saque

due diligence

+due diligence+
devida diligncia

dummy variable

varivel fictcia
varivel +dummy+

dumping
[trade]

dumping

durable good

bem durvel
[BRA]
bem duradouro
[PRT, AFR]

duration (of an investment)
duration
[MPI]

+duration+
durao

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Durbin-Watson statistic
DW

estatstica Durbin-Watson
DW
coeficiente de Durbin-Watson

Dutch disease
[oil or natural gas exporting countries]

doena holandesa
mal holands
+dutch disease+

dynamic multiplier

multiplicador dinmico

early repurchase expectation
[IMF]
prompt repurchase expectation

expectativa de recompra antecipada

early repurchase
[IMF]
advance repurchase

recompra antecipada

early stabilizer

pas em estgio inicial de estabilizao

early warning system model
EWS

sistema de alerta antecipado

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earmark

destinar
vincular
consignar
designar

earmarked account
[GMBS]

conta vinculada

earmarked tax

imposto dedicado

earned income
[BPM5]

renda do trabalho
rendimento do trabalho

earning asset
income-earning asset
productive asset

ativo rentvel
ativo produtivo

East Africa Regional Technical Assistance Center
East AFRITAC

AFRITAC Oriental

Eastern and Southern Africa Anti-Money Laundering Group
ESAAMLG

Grupo Anti-branqueamento de Capitais da frica Oriental e Austral
ESAAMLG

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Eastern Caribbean Central Bank
ECCB

Banco Central do Caribe Oriental
ECCB

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union
ECCU

Unio Monetria do Caribe Oriental
ECCU
Unio Monetria das Carabas Orientais
[PRT]

easy rider bank
[debt restructuring]
easy rider

banco +easy rider+

economic agent
economic entity
economic unit

agente econmico
entidade econmica
unidade econmica

Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
[UN-ECOSOC]
ESCAP

Comisso Econmica e Social para a sia e o Pacfico
CESAP

Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
[UN-ECOSOC]
ESCWA

Comisso Econmica e Social para a sia Ocidental
CESAO

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Economic and Social Council, United Nations
[UN]
ECOSOC

Conselho Econmico e Social das Naes Unidas
ECOSOC

Economic and Statistical Observatory for Sub-Saharan Africa
AFRISTAT

Observatrio Econmico e Estatstico da frica Subsariana
AFRISTAT

economic circumstances
economic conditions
economic environment

ambiente econmico
conjuntura econmica
situao econmica

Economic Commission for Africa
[UN-ECOSOC]
ECA

Comisso Econmica para frica
CEA

Economic Commission for Europe
[UN-ECOSOC]
ECE

Comisso Econmica para a Europa
CEPE

Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
ECLAC

Comisso Econmica para a Amrica Latina e o Caribe
CEPAL

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Economic Community of West African States
ECOWAS

Comunidade Econmica dos Estados da frica Ocidental
CEDEAO

Economic Counsellor
[IMF-RES]

Conselheiro Econmico

economic fundamentals
fundamentals
fundamental determinants

fundamentos econmicos
fundamentos
fundamentos de uma economia
aspectos econmicos fundamentais

Economic Information System
[IMF-STA]
EIS

Sistema de Informaes Econmicas
SIE

Economic Issues
[IMF publication series]

+Economic Issues+ ["Temas Econmicos"]

economic life
[SNA93]
useful life
service life
[GFSM]

vida til
vida econmica

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economic performance

desempenho econmico

economic price
efficiency price

preo econmico

Economic Recovery Assistance Program
[IMF]
ERAP

Programa de Assistncia Recuperao Econmica
ERAP

economic recovery
recovery

recuperao
reativao
retomada

economic slowdown

desacelerao da atividade econmica
desacelerao econmica

Economic Systems Division
[TGS/IE]

Diviso de Sistemas Econmicos

economic welfare
welfare

bem-estar econmico

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economics

economia
cincias econmicas

economies of scale

economias de escala

Economist Program
[IMF]
EP

Programa para Economistas

Editorial and Publications Division
[EXR/EP]

Diviso de Redao e Publicaes

effective exchange rate
EER

taxa de cmbio efetiva

effective rate of protection
ERP

taxa de proteo efetiva

Egmont Group of Financial Intelligence Units

Grupo Egmont de Unidades de Inteligncia Financeira

elasticity of a tax system

elasticidade de um sistema tributrio

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elasticity of expectations

elasticidade das expectativas

elasticity of supply
supply elasticity

elasticidade da oferta

elected Executive Director
[IMF]

administrador eleito

elective Executive Director
[IMF]

administrador eletivo

electronic data processing
EDP
data processing
informatics

processamento eletrnico de dados
PED
processamento de dados
informtica

electronic funds transfer
EFT

transferncia eletrnica de fundos
TEF

eligibility
[GFSM]

habilitao

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emergency assistance
[IMF]

assistncia emergencial
ajuda de emergncia

Emergency Facility for Natural Disasters
[IMF Facilities]

Programa de Financiamento Emergencial em Casos de Desastres Naturais

emergency financing mechanism
[IMF]

mecanismo de financiamento emergencial

Emergency Natural Disaster Assistance
ENDA
Emergency Assistance for Natural Disasters

assistncia emergencial em casos de desastres naturais
ENDA

emergency post-conflict assistance
[IMF]
EPCA
emergency and post-conflict assistance
policy of emergency assistance to post-conflict countries

assistncia emergencial ps-conflito
poltica de assistncia emergencial a pases sados de conflitos

emergency provisions
[AA]

disposies de emergncia
dispositivos de exceo

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emergency purchase
[IMF facilities]

compra de emergncia

emerging market

mercado emergente

emerging market country

pas de mercado emergente

emerging market economy
EME

economia de mercado emergente

Emerging Markets Bond Index
EMBI

ndice EMBI de bnus dos mercados emergentes

empirical study

estudo emprico

employee attrition rate

taxa de atrio
taxa de diminuio normal

employer's social contributions
[SNA]
employer contribution

contribuio do empregador
contribuies sociais dos empregadores

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empowerment

fortalecimento do papel
criao de possibilidades de participao
promoo do envolvimento

enabling environment

ambiente propcio
clima propcio

encash
[IMF]

mobilizar
realizar

encashable

mobilizvel
realizvel
conversvel em meios de pagamento

encashable loan claim

crdito conversvel
crdito realizvel

encashment

mobilizao
realizao
resgate
[BID]

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encashment right
[IMF]

direito de mobilizao

encumbered
[BPM5]

gravado
onerado

end consumer

consumidor final

end product
final product

produto final

end use

uso final

end user
final user

usurio final
utilizador final

endogenous shock

choque endgeno
perturbao endgena

endogenous variable

varivel endgena

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endowment

dotao

energy-intensive

com grande intensidade de energia
com uso intensivo de energia
de grande consumo de energia

energy-saving technology

tecnologia de utilizao racional da energia
tecnologia que permite economizar energia
tcnicas com baixo consumo energtico

enforceable
[IMF]

executvel

enforcement of security
realization of collateral

execuo de garantia

engagement of the IMF in a country
IMF engagement
Fund involvement
Fund engagement
engagement

participao do Fundo
ao do Fundo

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enhanced credit
credit enhancement

crdito reforado

enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
[IMF]
enhanced HIPC Initiative
[IMF]
Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative

Iniciativa HIPC reforada
Iniciativa Reforada para os Pases Pobres Muito Endividados

Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility Trust
[IMF]
ESAF Trust

Fundo do ESAF

Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility
[IMF]
ESAF
enhanced SAF

Programa Reforado de Financiamento para Ajustamento Estrutural
ESAF
SAF reforado

enhanced surveillance procedure
[IMF]
enhanced surveillance

procedimento de superviso reforada
superviso reforada

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enhancement money
[debt restructuring]

reforo monetrio dos ativos

enhancement of resources

aumento dos recursos (financeiros)
reforo dos recursos (financeiros)

enhancement of SDRs

melhora da qualidade do DES
reforo do DES

enlarged access resources
[IMF]
EAR

recursos no mbito da poltica de acesso ampliado
recursos procedentes da poltica de acesso ampliado

enlarged access to the Fund's resources
[IMF]
EAR
enlarged access to Fund resources

acesso ampliado aos recursos do FMI

enterprise economy

economia de empreendimento

entitlement program
[USA]

programa de direito a benefcios sociais
programa de assistncia de habilitao automtica

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entrepreneur

empresrio

entrepreneurial income

renda empresarial
[BRA]
rendimento empresarial
[PT, AFR]

entrepreneurship
[SNA93]

capacidade empresarial
esprito de empreendimento

entry
[accounting]

partida
registro
lanamento
entrada

environmental action plan
[IBRD]

plano de ao ambiental

environmental depletion
depletion of natural resources
[BPM5]

esgotamento de recursos naturais
exausto de recursos naturais

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environmental impact

impacto ambiental
efeito sobre o meio ambiente

environmental tax
green tax

imposto ambiental
imposto verde
taxa verde

equal value exchange rate
[SDR]

taxa de cmbio de igual valor
taxa de cmbio baseada no princpio de igual valor
taxa de cmbio calculada de acordo com o princpio de igualdade de valor

equal value principle
[SDR]

princpio de igual valor
princpio de igualdade de valor

equalization of burden fund
equalization fund

fundo de equiparao
fundo de equiparao de preos

equation of exchange
Fisher equation

equao de trocas
equao de Fisher

equilibrating capital flow
equilibrating capital movement

movimento de capitais estabilizador
fluxo equilibrador de capitais

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equilibrium exchange rate

taxa de cmbio de equilbrio

equilibrium path

trajetria de equilbrio

equiproportionality
[SDR allocation]

eqiproporcionalidade

equity capital inflow

entrada de capitais de risco

equity financing
equity finance

financiamento por emisso de aes
participao no capital
participao no capital social

equity income

rendimentos do capital social
dividendos
[aes]

equity investment

investimento em aes
participao no capital
participao no capital social

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equity loan

emprstimo sob a forma de participao
emprstimo sob a forma de participao no capital social

equity market
stock market
equity market / stock market (entry 7155)

mercado de aes
mercado acionrio

equity ownership
equity participation
equity interest
equity share

participao acionria
participao no capital
participao no capital social

equity security

ttulo de participao

equity transaction

transao de capital
transao relativa a participaes de capital

ESAF-HIPC Trust Account
[IMF]

Conta Fiduciria do Fundo ESAF-HIPC

escape clause

clusula de salvaguarda

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escrow account
[IMF/WB; HIPC]

conta de garantia bloqueada
conta de consignao
conta de depsito em justia

ESF Subsidy Account
[IMF]

Conta de Subveno do ESF

ESF-PRGF Subsidy Account
[IMF]

Conta de Subveno do ESF-PRGF

essential goods

produtos de primeira necessidade
artigos de primeira necessidade

estimated expenditure

despesa estimada
despesas estimativas
previso da despesa
gastos previstos

Ethics Office
[IMF-OMD]

Gabinete de tica

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EU Policies Division
[EUR/EU]

Diviso de Polticas da UE

euro area
euro zone

zona do euro
[Brazil]
zona euro
[Portugal and Africa]

Eurobond

eurobnus

Eurobond market

mercado de eurobnus

Eurocredit
Eurocurrency loan

eurocrdito

Euromarket

euromercado

Euronote

euroobrigao

Europe Regional Division
[MCM/R3]

Diviso Regional da Europa

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European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
EBRD

Banco Europeu de Reconstruo e Desenvolvimento
BERD

European Central Bank
ECB

Banco Central Europeu
BCE

European currency unit
ECU

unidade monetria europia
ECU

European Department
[IMF]
EUR

Departamento da Europa

European Development Fund
EDF

Fundo Europeu de Desenvolvimento
FED

European Economic Area
EEA
European Economic Space

Espao Econmico Europeu
EEE

European Financial Stability Facility
EFSF

Fundo Europeu de Estabilidade Financeira
FEEF

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European Free Trade Association
EFTA

Associao Europia de Livre Comrcio
AELC

European Investment Bank
EIB

Banco Europeu de Investimento
BEI

European Monetary System
EMS

Sistema Monetrio Europeu
SME

European narrow margins arrangement
snake in the tunnel
snake system
currency snake system
multicurrency intervention system

acordo europeu de margens estreitas
serpente (no tnel)
interveno com vrias moedas

European Network on Debt and Development
EURODAD

Rede Europia sobre Dvida e Desenvolvimento
Eurodad

European Stabilization Mechanism
ESM
European Financial Stabilization Mechanism

Mecanismo Europeu de Estabilizao Financeira

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European System of Central Banks
[EU]
ESCB
Eurofed

Sistema Europeu de Bancos Centrais
SEBC
Eurofed

European Union
EU

Unio Europia
UE

Evaluation Committee
[IMF, Executive Board]
EVC

Comisso de Avaliao

Evian approach

abordagem de Evian

ex ante

+ex ante+
+a priori+

ex post assessment of Fund-supported programs
Ex Post Assessment
EPA

avaliao +ex post+ dos programas apoiados pelo FMI
avaliao +ex post+

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ex post evaluation
[IMF]
EPE

avaliao +ex post+

exceptional circumstances clause
[IMF, access limit]

clusula de circunstncias excepcionais

excess demand

demanda excedente
excesso de procura

excess employment

excesso de emprego

excess profit
economic profit
supranormal profit

lucro extraordinrio
lucro excepcional

excess purchasing power

excesso de poder aquisitivo

excess reserves

reservas excendentes
reservas voluntrias

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excess tax burden
excess burden
deadweight loss
efficiency loss

carga excedentria
perda de eficincia
+deadweight loss+

exchange allocation

alocao de divisas
atribuio de divisas

exchange arrangement
exchange rate arrangement
exchange rate regime
exchange system

regime cambial
regime de taxa de cmbio
regime de taxas de cmbio

exchange arrangements with no separate legal tender
[IMF exchange rate classification system, 2006]

regime cambial sem moeda oficial distinta

exchange contract

contrato de cmbio

exchange control
exchange restriction

controle cambial
regulamentao cambial
restrio cambial

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exchange house
exchange bureau

casa de cmbio

exchange rate anchor
[IMF monetary policy framework classification system, 2006]

ncora cambial
ancoragem cambial

exchange rate differential

diferencial de taxa de cmbio
diferencial entre as taxas de cmbio

exchange rate management

gesto da taxa de cmbio
gesto das taxas de cmbio

Exchange Rate Mechanism II
ERM II

Mecanismo de Taxas de Cmbio II
MTC II

Exchange Rate Mechanism
[EMS]
ERM
Exchange Rate Mechanism I
ERM I

Mecanismo de Taxas de Cmbio
MTC

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exchange rate policy
exchange policy
foreign exchange policy

poltica cambial
poltica de taxa(s) de cmbio

exchange rate realignment
currency realignment

realinhamento monetrio
realinhamento cambial
realinhamento das taxas de cmbio
alinhamento monetrio
alinhamento cambial

exchange rate targeting
exchange rate targeting strategy

regime de metas cambiais
estratgia de fixao de metas cambiais

exchange rate
rate of exchange

taxa de cmbio

exchange reserves
foreign exchange reserves

reservas cambiais
reservas de divisas

exchange risk

risco cambial
risco de cmbio

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exchange risk insurance
foreign exchange insurance
exchange insurance

seguro contra riscos cambiais
seguro de cmbio

exchange stability

estabilidade cambial
estabilidade das taxas de cmbio

exchange
foreign currency
foreign exchange
forex

moeda estrangeira
divisas

excise tax
excise

imposto seletivo
[BRA]
Imposto sobre Consumos Especficos
[MOZ]
imposto especial de consumo

excluded holdings
[IMF]

haveres excludos

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Executive Board
[IMF]
Board

Conselho de Administrao

Executive Director (Mr./Ms. ...)
[IMF-OED]
ED

Administrador

Executive Director, Alternate
[IMF-OED]

Administrador Suplente

Executive Secretary
[IMF-IBRD, Development Committee]

Secretrio Executivo

executive session
[IMF, Executive Board]

reunio fechada

exercise an option

exercer uma opo

exhaustible resource

recurso no renovvel
recurso exaurvel

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exit agreement
[debt restructuring]

acordo de sada
acordo definitivo

exit bond
[debt restructuring]
exit instrument

bnus de sada
ttulo de sada
+exit bond+

exit rescheduling
[Paris Club]

reescalonamento de sada

exogenous shock

choque exgeno
perturbao exgena

Exogenous Shocks Facility
ESF
shocks facility

Mecanismo de Proteo contra Choques Exgenos
ESF

exogenous variable

varivel exgena

expansionary impulse

impulso expansionista

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expansionary policy

poltica expansionista
poltica de expanso

expected economic lifetime
expected economic life

vida econmica provvel

expected rate

taxa prevista
taxa esperada

expected utility
EU

utilidade esperada
utilidade prevista

expected value
[statistics]
EV
mathematical expectation

valor esperado
esperana matemtica

expenditure authorization

autorizao de gasto
autorizao de despesa

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expenditure commitment
commitment

comprometimento de depesa
empenho de verbas
compromisso
engajamento
[GNB]

Expenditure Policy Division
[FAD/EP]

Diviso de Polticas de Despesa

expenditure tax
[GFS 1986]

imposto sobre a despesa

expenditure validation
validation

validao
liquidao
[GNB]

expenditure verification
verification

verificao

expenditure-switching policy
switching policy

poltica de reestruturao da despesa
poltica de reorientao da despesa
poltica de modificao da distribuio dos gastos

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explanatory variable
[economic models]

varivel explicativa

export capacity

capacidade de exportao
capacidade exportadora
capacidade de exportar

export credit

crdito exportao

export credit agency
[Debt Guide, 1993; External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users, 1993]
ECA

organismo de crdito exportao

export processing zone
EPZ
industrial free trade zone
industrial free trade area

zona de processamento de exportao
ZPE
zona franca industrial
ZFI

export retention scheme
foreign exchange retention scheme
foreign exchange retention

sistema de reteno de receitas de exportao
sistema de reteno de divisas

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export shortfall

insuficincia de receitas de exportao
insuficincia das exportaes

export surplus

supervit da balana comercial

exporting industry

indstria exportadora
indstria de exportao
setor exportador
setor de exportao

ex-post
[economics]

+ex post+
+a posteriori+

extended arrangement charge
[IMF]

comisso de compromisso a ttulo de acordo ampliado

Extended Arrangement
[IMF]
EA

Acordo Ampliado
EA

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extended burden sharing
[IMF]
extension of burden sharing

repartio ampliada da carga
ampliao da repartio das despesas extraordinrias
repartio ampliada da carga das despesas extraordinrias

Extended Credit Facility
ECF

Linha de Crdito Ampliada
ECF

Extended Fund Facility
[IMF]
EFF
Extended Facility

Programa de Financiamento Ampliado
EFF

extension of Toronto terms

ampliao do campo de aplicao das disposies de Toronto

external account
[BPM5]

conta externa
conta de transaes com o exterior

external audit mechanism, legal structure and independence of the central bank,
financial reporting practices, internal audit mechanism, and the system of internal
controls
[IMF, safeguards assessments]
ELRIC

mecanismo de auditoria externa, estrutura jurdica e independncia do banco central,
normas de declarao de dados financeiros, mecanismo de auditoria interna e sistema
de controles internos
ELRIC

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external auditor

auditor externo

external claim
foreign claim

activo sobre o exterior
[PT, AFR]

external contingency element
[CCFF]
contingency element
[CCFF]

elemento de contingncia

external debt
foreign debt

dvida externa

external disturbance

perturbao exgena
perturbao de origem externa

external financing
[SNA93]

financiamento externo

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external imbalance

desequilbrio externo
desequilbrio das contas externas
desequilbrio do balano de pagamentos
desequilbrio da balana externa

External Relations Department
[IMF]
EXR

Departamento de Relaes Externas

External Review Committee (on World Bank-IMF Collaboration)

Comisso de Avaliao Externa (sobre a Colaborao entre o Banco Mundial e o FMI)

external sustainability

sustentabilidade externa

extrabudgetary account
extrabudgetary fund
EBF

conta extra-oramentria
fundo extra-oramentrio

Facilities Management Division
[TGS/DF]

Diviso de Administrao de Instalaes

factor cost, at

ao custo dos fatores

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factor endowment

dotao de fatores
dotao de fatores de produo

factor income share
factor share

participao dos fatores
participao dos fatores de produo na renda nacional

factor income
[SNA93]

renda dos fatores

factor payments

remunerao dos fatores
remunerao dos fatores de produo

factoring
[finance]

+factoring+
fatorizao
desconto de duplicatas

factor-price distortion

distoro dos preos dos fatores
distoro dos preos dos fatores de produo

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fair market value
market value
sale value
fair market price
fair price

valor de mercado
valor venal
preo justo
preo justo de mercado

fair trade

comrcio justo

family living expenses

despesas de subsistncia familiar

farm gate price

preo ao produtor (agrcola)
preo recebido pelo agricultor

FATF-Style Regional Bodies
[FSSA]
FSRBs

organismo regional do tipo GAFI

feasibility study

estudo de viabilidade

federal funds interest rate
federal funds rate
[USA]

taxa dos fundos federais
[USA]
taxa do mercado monetrio interbancrio dos Estados Unidos

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Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation
FHLMC
Freddie Mac

Sociedade Federal Hipotecria de Crdito Habitacional
Freddie Mac

Federal Housing Finance Agency
FHFA

Agncia Federal de Financiamento Habitacional

Federal National Mortgage Association
[USA]
FNMA
Fannie Mae

Associao Hipotecria Nacional
Fannie Mae

Federal Reserve Bank
[USA]

banco do Federal Reserve System

Federal Reserve Open Market Committee
FOMC
Federal Open Market Committee
[USA]
Open Market Committee

Comit de Mercado Aberto (do Federal Reserve)
FOMC

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Federal Reserve System
[USA]
Federal Reserve
Fed

Federal Reserve System
Fed
Sistema de Reserva Federal
Reserva Federal

fiat money
fiduciary money
fiat currency
central bank money

moeda fiduciria
dinheiro fiducirio

field audit
on-site supervision
on-site inspection

auditoria externa
inspeo externa

file a tax return

apresentar declarao de rendimentos

final consumption

consumo final

Finance & Development
[IMF]
F&D

+Finanas e Desenvolvimento+
+F&D+

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Finance Department
[IMF; MFSM]
FIN

Departamento Financeiro

financial account

conta financeira
conta de operaes financeiras

Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering
FATF
Financial Action Task Force

Grupo de Ao Financeira sobre Lavagem de Dinheiro
[BRA]
GAFI
Grupo de Ao Financeira sobre o Branqueamento de Capitais
[PRT]
Grupo de Ao Financeira Internacional

Financial and Administrative Systems Division
[TGS/IF]

Diviso de Sistemas Financeiros e Administrativos

financial center

centro financeiro
praa

financial channels

circuitos financeiros
canais financeiros

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financial economy

economia financeira

financial futures market
financial futures exchange

mercado de futuros financeiros

financial institution

instituio financeira

Financial Institutions Division I, II
[STA/F1, F2]

Diviso de Instituies Financeiras I, II

financial institutions sector
[GFS 1986]

setor de instituies financeiras

financial intelligence unit
[money laundering]
FIU

unidade de inteligncia financeira
FIU
unidade de informao financeira
UIF

financial loan
financial credit

emprstimo financeiro
crdito financeiro

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financial market turbulence
financial turbulence
financial markets turmoil

turbulncia financeira
turbulncias nos mercados financeiros

financial openness

abertura financeira

Financial Operations and Reporting Division
[FIN/FR]

Diviso de Operaes e Informaes Financeiras

financial position
financial condition

posio financeira
condio financeira
situao financeira

financial repression
financial restriction

represso financeira

Financial Sector Assessment Program
[IMF-WB]
FSAP

Programa de Avaliao do Setor Financeiro
FSAP

Financial Sector Policy Division
[MCM/FP]

Diviso de Polticas do Setor Financeiro

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Financial Sector Reform and Strengthening Initiative
FIRST Initiative
FIRST

Iniciativa de Reforma e Fortalecimento do Setor Financeiro

Financial Sector Review Group
[IMF]

Grupo de Anlise do Setor Financeiro

Financial Sector Stability Assessment
[IMF-WB]
FSSA

Avaliao da Estabilidade do Setor Financeiro

financial soundness

sade financeira
solidez financeira

financial soundness indicator
[FSIG]
FSI

indicador de solidez financeira

Financial Stability Board
FSB

Conselho de Estabilidade Financeira

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Financial Stability Forum
[G-7]
FSF

Frum de Estabilidade Financeira

financial statement

demonstrao financeira
demonstrao contbil

financial survey
[IMF]

sntese financeira

Financial System Stability Assessment
[IMF]
FSSA

Avaliao da Estabilidade do Sistema Financeiro

financial transactions plan
[IMF]
transactions plan

plano de transaes financeiras
plano de transaes

financial year of the Fund

exerccio do FMI

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financing assurances
[IMF]
financial assurances

garantias de financiamento

financing facility
credit facility
facility
[IMF]

carteira de crdito
mecanismo de financiamento
linha de crdito
programa de financiamento

financing package
financial package

pacote de financiamento
pacote financeiro
plano de financiamento
plano financeiro

financing requirements

necessidade de financiamento

financing
[GFSY; GFSM; SNA93]

financiamento

fine gold

ouro fino
ouro puro

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fine tuning

sintonizao fina
sintonia fina

fineness of gold

pureza do ouro

finished good

produto acabado

first credit tranche conditionality
[IMF]

condicionalidade da primeira parcela de crdito

first credit tranche purchase
[IMF]

compra na primeira parcela de crdito

First Deputy Managing Director
[IMF-OMD]
FDMD

Primeiro Subdiretor-Geral

first in, first out
FIFO

primeiro a entrar, primeiro a sair
mtodo FIFO

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first in, last out
[accounting]
FILO

primeiro a entrar, ltimo a sair
mtodo FILO

fiscal adjustment
fiscal consolidation
fiscal containment
fiscal retrenchment
fiscal tightening
budget consolidation
budgetary consolidation

ajuste fiscal
consolidao fiscal
consolidao oramentria
racionalizao do oramento

Fiscal Affairs Department
[IMF]
FAD

Departamento de Finanas Pblicas

fiscal agency
[IMF]

agente financeiro

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fiscal balance
budgetary balance
budget surplus/deficit

resultado fiscal
saldo fiscal
saldo oramentrio
supervit/dficit oramentrio
resultado da execuo oramentria

fiscal capacity

capacidade fiscal
capacidade tributria

fiscal deficit

dficit fiscal
dfice das finanas pblicas

fiscal discipline
fiscal restraint

disciplina fiscal
austeridade fiscal

fiscal dominance

dominncia fiscal

fiscal effort
tax effort

esforo fiscal
esforo tributrio
esforo de arrecadao

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fiscal equilibrium
fiscal balance

equilbrio fiscal
equilbrio das finanas pblicas

fiscal federalism

federalismo fiscal

fiscal illusion

iluso fiscal

fiscal impulse
fiscal stimulus

impulso fiscal
estmulo fiscal

fiscal monopoly
revenue-producing monopoly
[EC]

monoplio fiscal

Fiscal Operations Division 1, 2, 3
[FAD/F1, F2, F3]
FOD1, FOD2, FOD3

Diviso de Operaes Fiscais 1, 2, 3

fiscal panel
[IMF-FAD]

grupo de especialistas em finanas pblicas

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fiscal policy

poltica fiscal
poltica financeira pblica

Fiscal Policy and Surveillance Division
[FAD/FP]

Diviso de Poltica e Superviso Fiscal

fiscal revenue

receita fiscal

fiscal skeleton
skeleton

esqueleto
esqueleto fiscal

fiscal space

espao fiscal

fiscal stimulus package

pacote de estmulo fiscal

fiscal sustainability

sustentabilidade fiscal
sustentabilidade das finanas pblicas

fiscal transparency

transparncia fiscal

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fiscal year
financial year
FY

exerccio
ano fiscal
exerccio financeiro
ano financeiro

fit
[statistics]

ajuste

fixed capital consumption
consumption of fixed capital
CFC

consumo de capital fixo

fixed capital formation
[SNA93]

formao de capital fixo

fixed cost

custo fixo

fixed exchange rate parity
fixed par value
fixed parity
fixed rate parity

paridade fixa

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fixed expenditure

despesas fixas

flash estimate

estimativa preliminar
estimativa rpida
estimativa instantnea

flat-loading
[IMF]

distribuio uniforme (de saques, desembolsos) durante a vigncia de um programa
distribuio uniforme (de medidas, gastos) ao longo de um perodo

Flexible Credit Line
FCL

Linha de Crdito Flexvel

flight to quality
flight into quality

fuga para a qualidade
busca da qualidade

float
[banking]

+float+
cheques em cobrana

floating completion point
[HIPC Initiative]

ponto de concluso flutuante

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floating debt
[GFS 1986; SNA93]

dvida flutuante

floating facility
[IMF]

programa de financiamento flutuante

flotation

emisso
lanamento

flow

fluxo

flow data
transactions data

dados de fluxos
dados de fluxo

flow rescheduling
[Debt Guide, 1993; External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users, 1993;
HIPC Initiative]

reescalonamento dos fluxos de servio da dvida

flow variable

varivel de fluxo

follow-up mission
[IMF]

misso de acompanhamento

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FAO

Organizao das Naes Unidas para a Agricultura e a Alimentao
FAO

food security

segurana alimentar

For Immediate Release

Para Divulgao Imediata

force majeure

fora maior

forced saving

poupana compulsria

foreclosure

execuo hipotecria
execuo pignoratcia

foreign borrowing

emprstimo externo
emprstimo no estrangeiro
emprstimo obtido no exterior

foreign capital

capital estrangeiro
capitais estrangeiros

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foreign direct investment
FDI
direct foreign investment
DFI

investimento direto estrangeiro
IDE
investimento estrangeiro direto
IED
investimento externo direto

foreign exchange assets
[BPM5]

ativos em divisas
haveres em divisas

foreign exchange cost
exchange cost

custo em divisas

foreign exchange equalization fund
exchange stabilization fund
[GMBS]
currency stabilization fund
CSF

fundo de estabilizao cambial
fundo de estabilizao monetria

foreign exchange market
exchange market

mercado de cmbio
mercado cambial
mercado de divisas

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foreign exchange record
exchange record

registro cambial
registro de operaes cambiais
registro de operaes em divisas

foreign exchange speculation

especulao cambial

foreign trade multiplier

multiplicador do comrcio exterior

forfaiting
[export credits]

+forfaiting+

forgone revenue
forgone income
forgone earnings

perda de receitas
receitas sacrificadas

formal consultation
[IMF]
regular consultation

consulta ordinria

formal ineligibility
[IMF]

inabilitao formal

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formal vote
[IMF, Executive Board]

votao formal

formally convertible currency
[IMF]

moeda oficialmente conversvel

forward commitment capacity
[IMF, liquidity]
FCC

capacidade de comprometimento futuro

forward cover
cover

cobertura a termo
cobertura a prazo

forward discount

desgio

forward market
[Debt Guide, 1993; External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users, 1993]

mercado a termo
mercado a prazo

forward operation

operao a termo
operao a prazo

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forward premium
premium

gio

fragile state

estado frgil

framework agreement

acordo-quadro
acordo de princpio

free enterprise economy

economia de livre empresa

free entry (into a market)

livre entrada (no mercado)

free float
clean float

flutuao livre

free good
[economics]

bem gratuito

free market pricing

liberdade de preos
livre fixao de preos

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free rider bank
[London Club]
free rider

banco +free rider+

free trade
open trade
liberal trade

livre comrcio
livre intercmbio
comrcio liberal

freedom of capital movements
free movement of capital

livre circulao de capitais

freely usable currency
[IMF]

moeda livremente utilizvel
moeda de livre utilizao

frequency distribution
[statistics]

distribuio de freqncias

frequency
[data]

freqncia

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frictional unemployment
transitional unemployment
search unemployment

desemprego friccional

front office

+front office+

Front Office
[IMF]

Direo (de departamento)

frontier technology
leading technology
leading edge technology
cutting edge technology

tecnologia de ponta
tecnologia avanada

front-loading
[IMF]
front-end loading

concentrao (de saques, desembolsos) na fase inicial de um programa
concentrao (de medidas, gastos) na fase inicial de um perodo

fuel exporters

exportadores de combustveis

full capacity level

nvel de plena capacidade

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full employment

pleno emprego

full-fledged Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
full-fledged PRSP
full PRSP

Plano Estratgico de Reduo da Pobreza definitivo
PERP definitivo

fully funded pension plan
[corporations]
funded pension plan
fully funded system
funded system
fully funded plan
[corporations]

sistema de capitalizao

functional and special services departments
[IMF]

departamentos funcionais e de servios especiais

functional classification of expense
functional classification of expenditure

classificao funcional da despesa

Fund liquidity

liquidez do FMI

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Fund Office in the United Nations
[IMF]
UN

Escritrio do FMI nas Naes Unidas

Fund quota
IMF quota
membership quota
quota in the Fund
[IFS; SNA93]
quota

quota no FMI
quota

Fund staff
[IMF]
staff

corpo tcnico
funcionrios
pessoal
quadro de pessoal
quadro de funcionrios

Fund-Bank mission

misso conjunta FMI-Banco Mundial
misso conjunta do Fundo e do Banco

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funded debt
long-term liability
non-current liability
long-term debt

dvida consolidada

Fund-related assets

ativos relacionados com o Fundo

Fund-supported program

programa apoiado pelo FMI

game theory

teoria dos jogos

gap financing
bridge financing
bridge loan
bridging credit
swing loan
swing line

financiamento-ponte
emprstimo-ponte
crdito-ponte
crdito recproco a descoberto

General Administrative Order
[IMF]
GAO

Ordem Administrativa Geral

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General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GATT

Acordo Geral sobre Tarifas e Comrcio
[BRA]
Acordo Geral sobre Pautas Aduaneiras e Comrcio
[PRT]
GATT

General Arrangements to Borrow
[IMF]
GAB

Acordos Gerais para Obteno de Emprstimos
GAB
AGE

General Counsel
[IMF-LEG]

Conselheiro Jurdico

General Counsel, Assistant
[IMF-LEG]

Conselheiro Jurdico Assistente

General Counsel, Deputy
[IMF-LEG]

Subconselheiro Jurdico

General Data Dissemination Standard
[IMF]
GDDS
general standard

Padro Geral para Divulgao de Dados
padro geral

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General Data Dissemination System
[IMF-EBB]
GDDS

Sistema Geral de Divulgao de Dados
GDDS
Sistema Geral de Difuso de Dados

General Department
[IMF]

Departamento Geral

general exchange arrangements
[IMF]

regimes gerais de cmbio

general government sector
general government

governo geral
setor de governo geral
setor da administrao pblica
setor pblico administrativo

general increase in quotas
equiproportional increase in quotas

aumento geral das quotas
aumento eqiproporcional das quotas

General Resources Account
[IMF]
GRA

Conta de Recursos Gerais
GRA

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General Resources and SDR Policy Division
[FIN/GR]

Diviso de Poltica de Recursos Gerais e DES

general resources
[IMF]

recursos gerais

General Review of Quotas
[IMF]
five-year review of quotas
quinquennial review of quotas
[IMF]

Reviso Geral das Quotas

general sales tax
GST

Imposto Geral sobre as Vendas
[GNB]
IGV

general SDR allocation
general allocation of SDRs

alocao geral de DES

General Services Division
[TGS/DG]

Diviso de Servios Gerais

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Generalized System of Preferences
[WTO]
GSP

Sistema Generalizado de Preferncias
SGP

generally accepted accounting principles
GAAP

princpios de contabilidade geralmente aceitos

generally accepted auditing standards
GAAS

normas de auditoria geralmente aceitas

generic data quality assessment framework
[IMF-GDDS]
generic assessment framework
generic framework

quadro genrico de avaliao da qualidade dos dados

Geneva Office
[IMF-EUR]
EUO/GE

Escritrio de Genebra

gift tax

imposto sobre doaes

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Gini coefficient
Gini inequality index
coefficient of concentration
Gini index

coeficiente de Gini
ndice de Gini
coeficiente de concentrao (de Gini)

gliding parity
sliding parity

paridade mvel
paridade deslizante

Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization
GAVI

Aliana Global para Vacinas e Imunizao
GAVI

global balance of payments

balana de pagamentos mundial

global bond

bnus global
global bond

global commons

patrimnio universal
recursos comuns da humanidade

global consolidation
[MPI]

consolidao global
consolidao mundial

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Global Environment Facility Trust Fund
[IBRD-UNEP-UNDP]

Fundo Fiducirio do GEF

Global Environment Facility
[IBRD-UNEP-UNDP]
GEF

Fundo para o Meio Ambiente Mundial
GEF
FMAM

Global Financial Stability Division
[MCM/GS]

Diviso de Estabilidade Financeira Mundial

global imbalance

desequilbrios globais

Global Markets Monitoring and Analysis Division
[MCM/GA]

Diviso de Monitoramento e Anlise dos Mercados Mundiais

global public good
GPG

bens pblicos mundiais

Global Stabilization Mechanism
GSM

Mecanismo de Estabilidade Global

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global stewardship
[environment]

custdia do meio ambiente mundial

global
world
[SNA93]
universal

global
mundial
universal

globalization

globalizao

going concern

empresa vivel

going price
[BPM5]

preo corrente

gold bullion

ouro em barras
barras de ouro

gold coin

ouro amoedado

gold exchange standard
gold standard

padro de cmbio ouro
padro ouro

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gold parity

paridade ouro

gold pledge
[IMF-ESAF]

garantia de ouro

gold subscription
[IMF]

subscrio em ouro

gold valuation
[GMBS]

avaliao do ouro
clculo do valor do ouro

gold-backed

com garantia ouro

golden rule of accumulation
golden rule of capital accumulation
golden rule of growth

regra de ouro (de acumulao)

good governance

boa governana
boa governao
bom governo

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goodness of fit
[statistics]

aderncia

goods, services, and income
[BPM5]

bens, servios e rendas
[BRA]
bens, servios e rendimentos
[PRT]

goodwill clause

clusula de boa vontade

governance of the Fund
IMF governance
[IMF]

governana do FMI
governao do FMI

governance
[GEF]

governana
governao
governo
bom governo

government agency
government department

rgo pblico
organismo pblico
rgo do governo

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government expenditure

despesa pblica
gastos pblicos

Government Finance Division
[STA/GO]

Diviso de Finanas Pblicas

government finance statistics
[GFS 1986; GFSM]
GFS

estatsticas das finanas pblicas

government receipts
government revenue

receita pblica
receitas pblicas

government sector
government

setor de governo
governo
administrao pblica

government-owned enterprise

empresa pblica

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government-sponsored enterprise
[USA]
GSE
government-sponsored entity

entidade patrocinada pelo governo

Governor of the Fund for [country]
[IMF]

Governador do FMI por [pas]

Governor
[IMF; WB]

Governador

Governor, Alternate
[IMF; WB]

Governador Suplente

Governor, Temporary Alternate
[IMF]

Governador Suplente temporrio

grace period
[FSIG]

prazo de carncia
perodo de carncia
carncia

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graduate
[IDA]

"graduar-se"
passar das condies de assistncia da IDA para as do BIRD
deixar de reunir as condies para se beneficiar do financiamento da IDA
ser reclassificado

graduated tax

imposto escalonado

graduation
[World Bank]
maturation
[USA Treasury]

"graduao"
reclassificao
passagem das condies da IDA s do BIRD
"maturao"

grandfathering

proteo dos direitos adquiridos

grant

doao
donativo
subveno
transferncia
subsdio
auxlio

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grant element of a loan
grant element
[Debt Guide, 1993; External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users, 1993]
gift element

elemento de doao
elemento de donativo

gray market

mercado cinza

Great Recession

Grande Recesso

green conditionality

condicionalidade verde
condicionalidade ambiental

Grievance Committee
[IMF]

Comit de Agravos

gross accumulation
accumulation

acumulao bruta

gross domestic expenditure

despesa interna bruta

gross domestic product
GDP

produto interno bruto
PIB

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gross fixed capital formation
[GFSY; IFS; SNA93]
GFCF

formao bruta de capital fixo
FBCF

gross Fund position (of a member)
[IMF]

posio bruta (de um pas membro) no FMI
posio bruta junto ao FMI

gross national expenditure
[IFS]
GNE

despesa nacional bruta
DNB

gross national income
GNI
GNY

renda nacional bruta
[BRA]
RNB
rendimento nacional bruto
[PRT]

gross national product
GNP

produto nacional bruto
PNB

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gross operating balance
[GFSM]
gross operating profit or loss

resultado operacional bruto
[BRA]
resultado bruto de explorao
[PRT]
excedente bruto de explorao
[PRT]

gross output

produo bruta
produto bruto

gross reserve position
[IMF]

posio de reservas brutas

gross social product
[centrally planned economies]
GSP

produto social bruto
PSB

Group of Seven
Group of 7
G-7

Grupo dos Sete
G-7

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Group of Ten
Group of 10
G-10

Grupo dos Dez
G-10

Group of Twenty
Group of 20
G-20
Group of Twenty Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors
G20 Developing Nations
G20
G21
G22

Grupo dos Vinte
G-20

Group of Twenty-Four
G-24

Grupo dos Vinte e Quatro
G-24

growth path

trajetria de crescimento

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency

+Guia para a Transparncia da Receita dos Recursos Naturais+

guidelines for borrowing by the Fund
[IMF]

diretrizes sobre emprstimos tomados pelo Fundo

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Guidelines for Public Expenditure Management

+Guidelines for Public Expenditure Management+ ("Diretrizes para a Gesto da
Despesa Pblica")

Guidelines on Conditionality (2002)

diretrizes sobre condicionalidade (2002)

Guidelines on Corrective Action
[IMF]
GCA
Guidelines on Remedial Action

diretrizes sobre medidas corretivas

haircut
[debt restructuring]

+haircut+
[masc. BRA; fem. PRT]

hard budget constraint
HBC

restrio oramentria forte
[BRA]

hard currency

moeda forte

hardship
[IMF]

dificuldades extraordinrias
dificuldades excepcionais

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head tax
community charge
[GBR]
poll tax

capitao

headline inflation
overall inflation

inflao global
inflao geral

headquarters
principal office of the Fund
HQ

sede do FMI

headroom

margem de manobra

heavily indebted country

pas muito endividado

heavily indebted poor country
HIPC
highly indebted poor country

pas pobre muito endividado
pas HIPC
PPME
[PRT, AFR]

hedge currency

moeda de cobertura

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hedge fund
absolute return fund

+hedge fund+
fundo +hedge+
fundo de cobertura
fundo especulativo
fundo de alto risco

hedge ratio

coeficiente de cobertura
rcio de cobertura

hedging
[forward market]
hedge

+hedge+
cobertura de risco

herd behavior
herd effect
bandwagon
bandwagon behavior
bandwagon effect
lemming-like behavior

comportamento de rebanho
comportamento de manada

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High Access Precautionary SBA
HAPA
High Access Precautionary Arrangement
High Access Precautionary Stand-by Arrangement
precautionary SBA

Acordo Stand-by Preventivo de Acesso Elevado
acordo preventivo de acesso elevado
acordo stand-by preventivo

high technology industry

indstria de alta tecnologia

high-inflation country

pas de inflao alta

High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness

Frum de Alto Nvel sobre a Eficcia da Ajuda

highly leveraged institution
HLI

instituio fortemente alavancada

historical cost
original cost
historic cost

custo histrico
custo original

historical trend

tendncia histrica

holder of SDRs

detentor de DES

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holding company
holding corporation
[SNA]

+holding+
empresa holding
sociedade holding

holdings rate
[IMF]

taxa dos haveres
taxa de cmbio de contabilizao dos haveres

hold-out creditor
[SDRM; bankruptcy]
holdout
dissident creditor

credor dissidente

home country

pas de origem

host country

pas anfitrio
pas sede (de conferncia)
pas receptor (de turismo)

hostile takeover

oferta hostil
oferta hostil de compra

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hot money
flight money

+hot money+
capitais especulativos

household sector
household
[BPM5; BPM6; GFSM; SNA93]

setor das famlias
famlia
unidade familiar

Human Development Index
[UN]
HDI

ndice de desenvolvimento humano
IDH

Human Resources Department
[IMF]
HRD

Departamento de Recursos Humanos

Human Resources Services Division
[HRD/SC]
HR Services

Diviso de Servios de Recursos Humanos

hyperinflation

hiperinflao

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hysteresis effect
hysteresis

efeito de histerese

IDA-only country
[IBRD]

pas "exclusivamente IDA"

idle balances

saldos ociosos
saldos inativos

idle money
barren money

dinheiro ocioso
dinheiro improdutivo
recursos improdutivos

idle resources

recursos ociosos
recursos inativos

IDP
internally displaced persons
persons displaced within their own countries

pessoas deslocadas internamente
pessoas deslocadas dentro dos seus prprios pases

illustrative quota
[IMF]

quota ilustrativa

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IMF Corporate Governance
corporate governance of the Fund

Governana Corporativa do FMI

IMF Institute
[IMF]
INS
Institute

Instituto do FMI

IMF No. 1 Account
[IMF]

Conta n 1 do FMI

IMF No. 2 Account
[IMF]

Conta n 2 do FMI

IMF Survey

+IMF Survey+ (Boletim do FMI)

IMF Terminology Working Group
[IMF-TGS]
TWG

Grupo de Trabalho de Terminologia do FMI

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IMF-AMF Regional Training Program
[IMF-INS]
RTP

Programa Regional de Formao FMI-FMA

IMF-Singapore Regional Training Institute
[IMF-INS]
STI

Instituto Regional de Formao FMI-Cingapura
STI

IMF-supported or other monetary program
[IMF monetary policy framework classification system, 2006]

programa apoiado pelo FMI ou outro tipo de programa monetrio

Immediate Office
[IMF]
.../AI

Gabinete do Diretor

immunity from judicial process
[IMF]

imunidade judicial

immunity from taxation
[IMF]

imunidade tributria

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immunity of archives
[IMF]

inviolabilidade dos arquivos

immunity of assets
[IMF]

inviolabilidade dos bens

impaired
[bank supervision]

malparado
[Afr]

implicit cost
imputed cost

custo implcito
custo imputado

implicit price deflator
GDP deflator
[GFSY]

deflator implcito dos preos
deflator do PIB

import absorption

absoro de importaes

import capacity of exports
import coverage
cover rate

taxa de cobertura das importaes pelas exportaes
taxa de cobertura

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import capacity
importing power

capacidade de importao
capacidade de importar
capacidade importadora

import content (of domestic products)

contedo de importaes (da produo nacional)

import penetration ratio
IPR

coeficiente de penetrao das importaes

import price

preo de importao

import substitution

substituio de importaes

import surcharge
import surtax

sobretaxa de importao
adicional de importao

imported inflation

inflao importada

imported unemployment

desemprego importado

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In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
Bism elahi-rahmani rahim

Em nome de Deus, o Clemente, o Misericordioso

in-bond industry

entreposto industrial

income account
[accounting]
revenue and expense account

conta de resultado
conta de lucros e perdas
conta de rendimento
[SCN 1993]

income bracket

faixa de renda
escalo de rendimento

income effect

efeito renda
efeito rendimento

income elasticity

elasticidade-renda
elasticidade-rendimento

income multiplier

multiplicador da renda
multiplicador do rendimento

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income policy
incomes policy

poltica de renda

income target
[IMF]
target income

meta de rendimento

income tax

imposto de renda
imposto sobre o rendimento

income-tested assistance

assistncia condicionada a comprovao de rendimentos do beneficirio
assistncia condicionada a comprovao de renda

incorporated enterprise

empresa constituda em sociedade

increase in quotas
[IMF]

aumento das quotas

increasing marginal return

rendimento marginal crescente

incremental approach
[IMF quota calculations]

mtodo de aumento seletivo

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incremental devaluation
gradual devaluation

desvalorizao gradual

Independent Evaluation Group
[World Bank]
IEG

Grupo Independente de Avaliao
IEG

Independent Evaluation Office
[IMF]
IEO
EVO

Gabinete de Avaliao Independente
IEO

independent floating
[IMF exchange rate classification system, 2006]
independent float arrangement

flutuao independente
regime de flutuao independente

index arbitrage

arbitragem de ndices

indexation
index-linking

indexao
correo monetria

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indexed
index-linked
index-tied

indexado
vinculado a um ndice
(re)ajustado em funo de um ndice

industrial country

pas industrializado
pas industrial

ineligibility to use the Fund's resources, automatic
[IMF]

inabilitao automtica para utilizar os recursos do Fundo

ineligibility
[AA, use of Fund resources]

inabilitao

inertial inflation

inflao inercial

infant industry

indstria nascente

inflation

inflao

inflation accounting

contabilizao dos efeitos da inflao

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inflation gap
inflationary gap

+gap+ de inflao
brecha de inflao

inflation targeting framework
[IMF monetary policy framework classification system, 2006]
inflation targeting
IT
direct inflation targeting
inflation targeting strategy
inflation targeting regime

regime de metas de inflao
estratgia de fixao de metas de inflao

inflation tax
seigniorage

imposto inflacionrio

inflationary expectations

expectativas inflacionrias
expectativas inflacionistas

inflationary spiral
wage-price spiral

espiral inflacionria
[BRA]
espiral inflacionista
[PRT]
espiral de salrios e preos

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inflow of capital
capital inflow

entrada de capitais
ingresso de capitais
influxo de capitais

informal meeting
[IMF Executive Board]

reunio informal

informal sector

setor informal

information notice system
[IMF, exchange arrangements]
INS
system of information notices

sistema de notificao de informaes

Information Officer, Senior
[IMF-EXR]

Coordenador Snior de Divulgao

Information Services Division
[TGS/DI]

Diviso de Servios de Informao

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Information Technology Services
[TGS/I]
IT Services

Servios de Tecnologia da Informao

Infrastructure Division
[TGS/IR]

Diviso de Infra-estruturas

ingot
[gold]

lingote

initial public offering
IPO

oferta pblica inicial

input
[SNA93]

insumo
[BRA]
consumo intermdio
[PRT]

insider dealing
insider trading

+insider trading+
informao privilegiada
compra e venda de aes com base em informao privilegiada
manipulao ilegal de informao privilegiada

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insolvency

insolvncia

insolvency risk
risk of insolvency

risco de insolvncia

installed capacity
plant capacity

capacidade instalada

Institute of International Finance
IIF

Instituto de Finanas Internacionais
IIF

institutional investor

investidor institucional

institutionalization
[financial sector]

institucionalizao

intangible assets
[BPM5; BPM6; GFS 1986; GFSM; SNA93]

ativos intangveis
ativos incorpreos

Integrated Correspondence System
[IMF]
ICS

Sistema Integrado de Correspondncia
ICS

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Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to Least Developed
Countries
Integrated Framework
IF

Quadro Integrado para Assistncia Tcnica Relacionada com o Comrcio em Favor dos
Pases Menos Avanados
Quadro Integrado

intensified collaboration
[IMF overdue financial obligations]
intensified collaborative element
intensified collaborative approach
enhanced collaborative approach

colaborao intensificada
abordagem colaborativa intensificada
estratgia de colaborao intensificada

intensified cooperative approach
[IMF]
intensified cooperative strategy
enhanced cooperative approach
enhanced cooperative strategy
strengthened cooperative strategy
strengthened cooperative strategy on overdue financial obligations
strengthened cooperative strategy on arrears
arrears strategy

abordagem cooperativa intensificada
estratgia de cooperao intensificada
estratgia de cooperao reforada
estratgia de cooperao reforada para lidar com os atrasados de pagamento

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Inter-American Development Bank
IDB
IADB

Banco Interamericano de Desenvolvimento
BID

interbank offered rate
IBOR
interbank rate

taxa interbancria

Interdepartmental Low-Income Committee

Comit Interdepartamental sobre os Pases de Baixa Renda

Interdepartmental Task force on Food and Fuel Prices

Grupo de Trabalho Interdepartamental sobre os Preos dos Alimentos e Combustveis

interest elasticity

elasticidade-juros

interest mismatch

descasamento de juros
[BRA]

interest payable

juros a pagar

interest payment

pagamento de juros

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interest rate smoothing

suavizao da taxa de juro

interest receivable
[GMBS]

juros a receber

interest rescheduling
interest retiming

reescalonamento dos pagamentos de juros
modificao do calendrio de pagamentos de juros

interest sensitivity
interest rate sensitivity

sensibilidade aos juros
sensibilidade taxa de juro

interest subsidy

subveno de juros
bonificao de juros
[PRT]

interest-bearing

remunerado
que rende juros
que vence juros
com juros

interest-free loan

emprstimo sem juros

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Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four on International Monetary Affairs and
Development
Group of Twenty-Four
G-24

Grupo Intergovernamental dos Vinte e Quatro para Assuntos Monetrios Internacionais
e Desenvolvimento
Grupo dos Vinte e Quatro
G-24

interim assistance
[IMF; PRGF]

assistncia transitria

interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
[PRGF]
interim PRSP
I-PRSP

Plano Estratgico de Reduo da Pobreza provisrio
PERP provisrio
PERP-P

interim simplified consultation
[IMF]
interim consultation

consultas intermedirias simplificadas
consultas intermedirias

intermediate consumption

consumo intermedirio
[BRA]
consumo intermdio
[PRT]

intermediation

intermediao

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internal auditor

auditor interno

internal rate of return
IRR

taxa interna de retorno
TIR
taxa interna de rentabilidade
taxa interna de rendibilidade
[PRT]

International Accounting Standards
[FSIG]
IAS

normas internacionais de contabilidade
normas contbeis internacionais
IAS

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
[World Bank Group]
IBRD

Banco Internacional de Reconstruo e Desenvolvimento
BIRD

International Capital Markets Department
[IMF]
ICM

Departamento de Mercados Internacionais de Capitais

international capital markets
ICM

mercados internacionais de capitais

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International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
[World Bank Group]
ICSID

Centro Internacional para a Resoluo de Disputas de Investimento
CIRDI

International Conference on National Poverty Reduction Strategies
International Conference on Poverty Reduction Strategies

Conferncia Internacional sobre Estratgias Nacionais de Reduo da Pobreza
Conferncia Internacional sobre Estratgias de Reduo da Pobreza

International Development Association
[World Bank Group]
IDA

Associao Internacional de Desenvolvimento
IDA
AID

International Development Goals
[OECD]
IDGs
2015 targets
[Copenhagen Summit]

Objetivos Internacionais de Desenvolvimento
Metas Internacionais de Desenvolvimento
objetivos para o ano 2015

International Energy Agency
IEA

Agncia Internacional de Energia
AIE

International Finance Corporation
[World Bank Group]
IFC

Corporao Financeira Internacional
IFC
CFI

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International Finance Facility for Immunization
IFFm

Mecanismo Internacional de Financiamento da Imunizao

International Financial Reporting Standards
[FSIG]
IFRS

Normas Internacionais de Informao Financeira
NIIF
IFRS

International Financial Statistics Yearbook
[IMF]
IFS Yearbook

+International Financial Statistics Yearbook+
Anurio +IFS+

International Financial Statistics
[IMF]
IFS
International Financial Statistics

+ International Financial Statistics+ ("Estatsticas Financeiras Internacionais")
+IFS+

International Fund for Agricultural Development
[WFC]
IFAD

Fundo Internacional de Desenvolvimento Agrcola
FIDA

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international investment position
[BPM5; Debt Guide, 1993; Balance of Payments Compilation Guide 1995; External
Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users, 1993; Debt Guide, 1993]
IIP

posio de investimento internacional
PII

International Labour Organisation
ILO

Organizao Internacional do Trabalho
OIT

International Monetary and Financial Committee
[IMF]
IMFC

Comit Monetrio e Financeiro Internacional
CMFI

International Monetary Fund
IMF

Fundo Monetrio Internacional
FMI

International Organization of Securities Commissions
IOSCO

Organizao Internacional das Comisses de Valores

international reserves
[BPM6; GFSM; IFS]
external reserves

reservas internacionais
reservas externas

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international transaction reporting system
[BPM5]
ITRS

sistema de comunicao de transaes internacionais
SCTI
Sistema de Informao de Operaes Bancrias com o Exterior
[Angola]
SIOBE
[Angola]

International Working Group of Sovereign Wealth Funds
IWG

Grupo de Trabalho Internacional sobre os Fundos Soberanos

interofficial transaction

transao entre setores oficiais

Interpreter, Chief
[IMF-TGS]

Chefe de Interpretao

intervention

interveno

intervention currency
currency of intervention

moeda de interveno

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intervention point
[exchange rates]
divergence threshold
maximum fluctuation limit

ponto de interveno

intra-marginal intervention
coordinated intramarginal intervention
concerted intervention
joint intervention

interveno intramarginal

inverse yield curve
inverse term structure

curva de rendimentos invertida

Investment Account
[IMF]
IA

Conta de Investimentos

investment expenditure
investment spending

despesas de investimento
gastos de investimento

investment income-based proxy
international income-based proxy
IIP

+proxy+ baseada na renda do investimento

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Investment Office
[IMF-OMD]
INV

Gabinete de Investimentos

invisible transaction
[BOP]

transao invisvel
transao de invisveis

invitation to bid
[procurement]
ITB

convite

Islamic Development Bank
IsDB
IDB

Banco Islmico de Desenvolvimento
BIsD
BID

issue cost
issuance cost

custo de emisso

issuer
[BIS]

entidade emitente
emitente
emissor

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Istanbul Congress Center

Centro de Congressos de Istambul

items in transit
[GMBS]

valores em trnsito

Japan Center for International Finance
JCIF

Centro Japons de Finanas Internacionais
JCIF

J-curve

curva em J

jobless recovery

recuperao sem empregos
recuperao sem gerao de empregos
recuperao sem criao de empregos
recuperao com desemprego

Joint Africa Institute
[IMF-INS, AfDB, IBRD]
JAI

Instituto Multilateral Africano
IMA

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Joint Bank-Fund Library
[IMF-TGS]
JL
Joint Bank Library

Biblioteca Conjunta (do Banco e do Fundo)

Joint China-IMF Training Program
[IMF-INS]
CTP

Programa Conjunto de Formao China-FMI

Joint Ministerial Committee of the Boards of Governors of the Bank and the Fund on the
Transfer of Real Resources to Developing Countries
Joint Development Committee
Development Committee

Comit Ministerial Conjunto das Assemblias de Governadores do Banco e do Fundo
para a Transferncia de Recursos Reais aos Pases em Desenvolvimento
Comit de Desenvolvimento

Joint Procedures Committee
[IMF-IBRD Annual Meetings]
JPC

Comisso Mista de Procedimento

Joint Regional Training Center for Latin America in Brazil
Brazil Training Center
[IMF-INS]
BTC

Centro Regional Conjunto de Capacitao para a Amrica Latina no Brasil
Centro de Capacitao no Brasil
CECAB

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Joint Secretariat
[IMF-IBRD Annual Meetings]

Secretaria Conjunta

Joint Staff Assessment
[IMF-IBRD]
JSA

Avaliao Conjunta pelos Corpos Tcnicos (do FMI e da IDA)

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
[UNAIDS]
UNAIDS

Programa Conjunto das Naes Unidas sobre o VIH/SIDA
ONUSIDA
Programa Conjunto das Naes Unidas sobre HIV/AIDS
UNAIDS

joint venture
joint enterprise

+joint venture+
emprendimento conjunto

Joint Vienna Institute
[IMF-INS]
JVI

Instituto Multilateral de Viena
IMV

junk bond

ttulo podre

kinked curve

curva quebrada

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know-how

+know-how+

labor

trabalho
mo-de-obra

labor cost

custo da mo-de-obra
custo do fator trabalho

labor force participation rate
labor participation rate
participation rate

taxa de participao

labor force
workforce
economically active population
EAP
working population

fora de trabalho
populao ativa
populao economicamente ativa
PEA

labor income
[BPM5]

renda do trabalho
rendimento do trabalho

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labor input

fator trabalho
insumo de trabalho

lagged variable

varivel defasada

lagging indicator

indicador defasado

land

terra

land reform
agrarian reform

reforma agrria
reforma fundiria

landlocked country

pas interior
pas sem litoral

Language Services
[TGS/L]
LS

Servios Lingsticos

lapse of time decision
[IMF, Executive Board]
LOT

deciso por decurso de prazo

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last in, first out
[inventory accounting]
LIFO

ltimo a entrar, primeiro a sair
mtodo LIFO

late payment
[IMF]

pagamento atrasado
atraso de pagamento

Latin American Economic System
SELA

Sistema Econmico Latino-Americano
SELA

layering

ocultao
dissimulao
estratificao

leading indicator
forward-looking indicator

indicador avanado
indicador antecedente
indicador prospectivo

leaseback

+leaseback+

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least advanced countries
LACs
least developed countries
LDCs

pases menos avanados
PMA

least-squares estimate
LSE

estimao por mnimos quadrados

Legal Department
[IMF]
LEG

Departamento Jurdico

lender

emprestador
credor
mutuante
prestamista

lender of last resort
LOLR
LLR

emprestador de ltima instncia
prestamista de ltima instncia

lender of record

prestamista titular

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lending funds
loanable funds

fundos emprestveis

lending into arrears policy
[IMF]

poltica de concesso de crdito a pases com pagamentos em mora

lending rate
loan rate

taxa de emprstimo
taxa ativa
taxa de juro de operaes ativas

less developed countries
LDCs

pases menos desenvolvidos
PMD
pases em vias de desenvolvimento

Letter of Intent
[IMF]
LOI

Carta de Intenes
CI

letter of transmittal
cover letter
cover note

carta de encaminhamento

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level playing field

igualdade de condies
igualdade de tratamento

leveraged loan

emprstimo alavancado

leveraged position

posio alavancada

liability

passivo
elemento do passivo

liability holdings
liabilities

passivo
passivos
obrigaes
responsabilidades

liability insurance

seguro de responsabilidade civil

liability operation

operao passiva

liberalization of the capital account
[IMF]
capital account liberalization

liberalizao da conta de capitais

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Librarian, Chief
[IMF-TGS]

Bibliotecrio-Chefe

life expectancy
[BPM5]

vida til prevista

linear programming

programao linear

linear regression line
linear regression
regression line
line of best fit
line of closest fit
trend line

regresso linear
linha de tendncia

liquid asset

ativo lquido

liquid liability
[IFS]

passivo lquido

liquidation of the Fund
[IMF, Articles of Agreement]

liquidao do Fundo

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liquidation
winding up
winding down

liquidao

liquidity overhang
excess liquidity
monetary overhang

excesso de liquidez

liquidity ratio
[IMF]

coeficiente de liquidez
rcio de liquidez

liquidity trap
money trap

armadilha de liquidez

listed security
quoted security

valor mobilirio cotado em bolsa
ttulo cotado em bolsa
valor cotado oficialmente

loan

emprstimo

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loan loss provision
[FSIG]
allowance for loan losses

proviso para crditos de cobrana duvidosa

loan loss provisioning
loan provisioning

constituio de proviso para crditos de cobrana duvidosa
formao de provises para cobertura de crditos de cobrana duvidosa

loan loss reserve

proviso para crditos duvidosos

loan-to-value ratio
LTV ratio

relao financiamento/garantia
LTV

long position

posio comprada
[BRA]
posio longa
[PRT, AFR]

long-term interest rate
long-term rate

taxa de juros de longo prazo

loophole

lacuna da lei
brecha

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low access PRGF arrangements

acesso reduzido aos recursos do PRGF
acesso reduzido no mbito dos acordos do PRGF
programas do PRGF com acesso reduzido

lower-middle-income country
LMIC

pas de renda mdia baixa
pas de rendimento mdio baixo

low-income country under stress
LICUS

pas de baixa renda em dificuldades

low-income country
LIC

pas de baixa renda
pas de baixo rendimento

low-inflation country

pas de inflao baixa

lumpiness

indivisibilidade

Macroeconomic and Financial Management Institute of Eastern and Southern Africa
MEFMI
Macroeconomic and Financial Management Institute

Instituto de Gesto Macroeconmica e Financeira da frica Oriental e Austral
MEFMI

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Macroeconomic Studies Division
[RES/MT]

Diviso de Estudos Macroeconmicos

macro-financial linkage

vnculos macrofinanceiros

macroprudential indicator
MPI

indicador macroprudencial

macroprudential policy

poltica macroprudencial

mainstreaming

generalizao
adoo generalizada

maintenance of value obligation
[IMF]

obrigao de manuteno do valor

maintenance of value
[IMF]

manuteno do valor

major borrowers

principais tomadores

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major industrial countries

principais pases industrializados

majority action clause
[debt]

clusula de deciso por maioria

majority ownership
[corporations]
majority interest
majority control
controlling interest

participao majoritria
controle acionrio

maladjustment

desequilbrio
desajuste

managed float
dirty float

flutuao administrada
flutuao controlada
flutuao dirigida
flutuao suja

managed floating with no predetermined path for the exchange rate
[IMF exchange rate classification system, 2006]

flutuao administrada sem trajetria preanunciada da taxa de cmbio

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managed rate

taxa de cmbio administrada

management fee
[securities]

comisso de gesto
comisso de administrao

management letter
[IMF]

carta de recomendaes

Management
[IMF]

Direo-Geral

managing director
[IBRD]

diretor-gerente

Managing Director
[IMF-OMD]
MD

Diretor-Geral

Managing Director, Acting
[IMF-OMD]

Diretor-Geral Interino

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Managing Director, Temporary Acting
[IMF-OMD]

Diretor-Geral em Exerccio temporrio

mandatory prepayment clause
[London Club]

clusula de pagamento antecipado obrigatrio

mandatory repurchase
[IMF]

recompra obrigatria

manufactured goods
manufactures

produtos manufaturados
manufaturados

manufacturing industry
manufacturing sector
manufacturing

indstria de transformao
indstria manufatureira
setor industrial, de transformao, manufatureiro

margin account

conta margem

marginal cost pricing

fixao do preo em funo do custo marginal
determinao de preos em funo do custo marginal

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marginal propensity to consume

propenso marginal ao consumo
propenso marginal a consumir

marginal propensity to save

propenso marginal poupana
propenso marginal a poupar

marginal rate of tax
[taxation]

alquota marginal
taxa marginal

marginal reserve requirement
MRR

coeficiente marginal de reserva compulsria
taxa marginal de reserva obrigatria

market borrowers

tomadores de emprstimos nos mercados

market capitalization
[enterprises]
market cap
MCAP

capitalizao de mercado
capitalizao em bolsa
capitalizao burstil
capitalizao bolsista

market economy
market-oriented economy

economia de mercado
economia voltada ao mercado
economia orientada ao mercado

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market failure

falha de mercado
mau funcionamento do mercado
imperfeio do mercado

market financing

financiamento de mercado

market glut

excesso de oferta

market maker

+market maker+

market power

poder de mercado
influncia no mercado

market price equivalent

equivalente a preos de mercado

market rate

taxa de mercado
taxa do mercado
taxa praticada no mercado

market share

participao no mercado
participao relativa no mercado

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market sharing arrangement

acordo de repartio de mercados

market size

dimenso do mercado
tamanho do mercado

market terms
commercial terms
hard terms
conventional terms
conventional market terms

condies de mercado
condies ordinrias

market yield

rendimento de mercado

market-based approach

enfoque baseado no mercado
enfoque orientado ao mercado

market-based debt reduction

operaes de reduo da dvida baseadas no mercado

market-friendly policy
market-oriented policy

poltica favorvel economia de mercado
poltica orientada ao mercado
poltica voltada ao mercado

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marketing board

+marketing board+
cmara setorial
[BRA]

marketing facilities
marketing channels

circuitos de comercializao
meios de comercializao

market-related terms
[lending]

condies de mercado

mark-to-market
mark a position to market
mark to the market
MTM

+mark-to-market+
reavaliao a preos de mercado

markup
mark-up
[SNA93]

margem de comercializao
margem comercial
+mark-up+

mature stabilizer

pas em estgio avanado de estabilizao

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mature technology

tecnologia madura
tecnologia estabelecida

mature
[finance]

vencer

maturity date
maturity

vencimento
data de vencimento

maturity distribution
[Debt Guide, 1993; External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users, 1993]
maturity breakdown
maturity profile
[Debt Guide, 1993; External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users, 1993]
maturity structure
[Debt Guide, 1993; External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users, 1993]
repayment profile

perfil de vencimentos
estrutura de vencimentos
perfil de amortizao
perfil de reembolso da dvida

maturity mismatch
maturity gap

descasamento
descasamento de prazos
desfazamento de prazos

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maturity period
[Paris Club]

prazo de vencimento

maturity transformation

transformao dos vencimentos

maximum access entitlement
[IMF]

limite mximo de acesso
limite mximo de acesso aos recursos do FMI

MDG Africa Steering Group
[UN]

grupo director para a realizao dos ODM em frica

MDRI-I Trust

Fundo MDRI-I

MDRI-II Trust

Fundo MDRI-II

means of payment

meio de pagamento

means-tested assistance

assistncia condicionada a comprovao de recursos do beneficirio
assistncia condicionada a comprovao de patrimnio

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Media Relations Division
[EXR/MR]

Diviso de Relaes de Mdia

median
[statistics]

mediana

medium of exchange

meio de troca

medium-term expenditure framework
MTEF

cenrio de despesa de mdio prazo
CDMP

medium-term interest rate
medium-term rate

taxa de juros de prazo mdio

medium-term loan

emprstimo a prazo mdio

medium-term strategy
MTS

estratgia de mdio prazo

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member country
[IMF]
member
[IMF]

pas membro

membership resolution
[IMF]

resoluo de admisso

membership
[IMF]

pases membros
qualidade de membro

memorandum entry
memorandum item

pr-memria
rubrica pr-memria
lanamento pr-memria

memorandum of understanding
[IMF]
MOU

memorando de entendimento

Memorandum on Economic and Financial Policies
[IMF]
MEFP

Memorando de Poltica Econmica e Financeira
MPEF

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menu approach
[debt]

abordagem menu
menu de opes

menu item
[debt]

opo

merit good

bem de interesse social

merit increase

aumento por mrito
aumento por merecimento

metadata
[EBBS; BPM6]

metadados
metainformao

Mexico/Latin Caribbean Division
[WHD/ML]

Diviso do Mxico e dos Pases Latinos do Caribe

Middle East and Central Asia Department
[IMF]
MCD

Departamento do Oriente Mdio e sia Central

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Middle East Technical Assistance Center
[IMF]
METAC

Centro de Assistncia Tcnica do Oriente Mdio

middle rate
midpoint rate
[BPM5]

taxa mdia

middle-income country under stress
MICUS

pas de renda mdia em dificuldades

midterm review
[IMF programs]

reviso intermediria

midyear review
[IMF]

exame de meio de exerccio

migrants' remittances
[SNA93]

remessas de migrantes

migrants' transfers
[BPM5]

transferncias de migrantes

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Millennium Development Goals
MDG

Objetivos de Desenvolvimento do Milnio
ODM
Metas de Desenvolvimento do Milnio
MDM

minimum acceptable bid
stop-out price
cut-off price

lance mnimo admitido

minimum living wage

salrio mnimo vital

misalignment

desajuste

misreporting
[IMF]

comunicao de informaes inexatas
declarao de informaes incorretas

mission chief
[IMF]
mission head
head of mission
chief of mission

chefe de misso

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mode
[statistics]

moda

Modern Portfolio Theory
MPT
portfolio theory

moderna teoria de carteiras
teoria de carteiras
moderna teoria de portflios
teoria de portflios

monetary aggregate anchor
[IMF monetary policy framework classification system, 2006]

ncora monetria

Monetary and Capital Markets Department
MCM

Departamento de Mercados Monetrios e de Capitais

Monetary and Exchange Regimes Division
[MCM/ME]

Diviso de Regimes Monetrios e Cambiais

Monetary and Financial Statistics Manual
MFSM

+Monetary and Financial Statistics Manual+ [Manual de Estatsticas Monetrias e
Financeiras]
MFSM

monetary asset

ativo monetrio

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monetary control

controle monetrio
controle dos meios de pagamento

monetary dominance

dominncia monetria

monetary economics

economia monetria

monetary flow

fluxo monetrio

monetary gold

ouro monetrio

monetary management

gesto monetria
gesto dos meios de pagamento

monetary policy framework

quadro de poltica monetria

monetary survey
[IFS]

sntese monetria
sntese da situao monetria

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monetary tightening
tight monetary policy
tightening
monetary restraint
monetary stringency
tight money
tight money policy

aperto monetrio
austeridade monetria
contrao monetria
arrocho monetrio
enxugamento monetrio

monetization

monetizao

monetization of government debt
monetization of the deficit

monetizao da dvida pblica

monetization of the economy

monetizao da economia

money

moeda
dinheiro

money and banking statistics
[IMF]

estatsticas monetrias e bancrias

money creation

criao de moeda

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money illusion

iluso monetria

money market mutual fund
MMMF
money market fund
MMF

fundo do mercado monetrio

money market
[FSIG]

mercado monetrio

money multiplier

multiplicador monetrio

money rate
[interest]

taxa de juros para emprstimos a curto prazo (no mercado financeiro)

money supply
[SNA93]
supply of money
M
money stock
stock of money

oferta monetria
meios de pagamento
massa monetria

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money wage
nominal wage

salrio nominal

monoline insurer

seguradora +monoline+

monopoly power

influncia no mercado

moonlighting

multiemprego
pluriemprego

moral hazard

risco moral
perigo moral

moral suasion
suasion
jawboning
window guidance
WG

persuaso moral

mortgage

hipoteca

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mortgage bank
mortgage credit institution
mortgage company

banco hipotecrio
instituio de crdito hipotecrio

mortgage-backed security
[Debt Guide, 1993; External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users, 1993]
MBS

ttulos garantidos por hipotecas
ttulos lastreados por hipotecas

most favored nation clause
[Paris Club]
MFN clause

clusula de nao mais favorecida

moving average

mdia mvel

multicurrency loan

emprstimo em vrias moedas

multicurrency peg
multicurrency pegging

vinculao a vrias moedas
determinao da taxa de cmbio por referncia a diversas moedas
fixao da taxa de cmbio por referncia a vrias moedas

multilateral consultation on global imbalances

consulta multilateral sobre desequilbrios globais

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multilateral creditor

credor multilateral

Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative
MDRI

Iniciativa de Alvio da Dvida Multilateral
MDRI

multilateral development bank
MDB

banco multilateral de desenvolvimento

Multilateral Exchange Rate Model
[IMF]
MERM

Modelo Multilateral de Taxas de Cmbio
MMTC

Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
[World Bank Group]
MIGA

Agncia Multilateral de Garantia de Investimentos
MIGA

multilateral surveillance

superviso multilateral

multilateral system of payments

sistema multilateral de pagamentos

multilateral trade negotiations
MTN

negociaes comerciais multilaterais
NCM

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multinational enterprise
transnational enterprise

empresa multinacional
empresa transnacional

multiple currency practice
multiple exchange rate practice

prtica de taxas de cmbio mltiplas

multiple regression

regresso mltipla

multipurpose bank
multiservice bank
multiple bank
all-purpose bank
universal bank

banco mltiplo
banco universal
banco de operaes gerais

multiregion econometric model
[IMF]
MULTIMOD econometric model

modelo economtrico multirregional

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multiyear debt rescheduling arrangement
[Paris Club]
MYRA
multiyear rescheduling arrangement
multiyear debt rescheduling agreement
multiyear debt rescheduling
multiyear rescheduling agreement

acordo de reescalonamento plurianual
reescalonamento plurianual da dvida

narrowly defined money supply
narrow money
transaction money

meios de pagamento em sentido estrito
massa monetria em sentido estrito
moeda em sentido estrito

Nash equilibrium

equilbrio de Nash

national accounting
national accounts

contabilidade nacional
contas nacionais

national consolidation
[MPI]

consolidao nacional

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National Development Plan
NDP

Plano de Desenvolvimento Nacional
[TLS]
PDN
Plano Nacional de Desenvolvimento
[TLS]
PND

national estimates

estimativas das autoridades nacionais

national income

renda nacional
[BRA]
rendimento nacional
[PRT]

natural person
individual

pessoa fsica
[BRA]
pessoa singular
[PRT]

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natural rate of unemployment
nonaccelerating inflation rate of unemployment
NAIRU
normal unemployment rate
full-employment unemployment rate
warranted unemployment rate

taxa natural de desemprego
taxa de desemprego compatvel com a no acelerao da inflao
NAIRU

near-program

quase-programa

negative externality
external diseconomy

externalidade negativa
deseconomia externa

net borrowing

necessidade lquida de financiamento
captao lquida de emprstimos

net capital formation

formao lquida de capital

net creditor country

pas credor lquido
credor lquido

net cumulative allocation

alocao acumulada lquida

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net debtor country

pas devedor lquido
devedor lquido

net domestic product
NDP

produto interno lquido
PIL

net earnings
[accounting]

resultado

net errors and omissions
net E&O

erros e omisses lquidos

net factor income

renda lquida dos fatores
rendimento lquido dos fatores

net international reserves
NIR

reservas internacionais lquidas
RIL

net lending

capacidade lquida de financiamento
concesso lquida de emprstimos

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net material product
[centrally planned economies]
NMP

produto material lquido
PML

net national product
NNP

produto nacional lquido
PNL

net operating balance
[GFSM 2001]

resultado operacional lquido
resultado lquido de explorao

net position
[MPI]

posio lquida

net present value of debt
[HIPC Initiative]
NPV of debt

valor atualizado lquido da dvida
VAL da dvida

net present value
NPV

valor atualizado lquido
VAL
valor presente lquido
VPL

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net SDR charges
[IMF]

comisso lquida por utilizao de DES
comisso de DES lquida
comisso lquida do Departamento de DES

net taker of funds

tomador lquido de recursos

New Arrangements to Borrow
[IMF]
NAB
new agreements to borrow

Novos Acordos de Emprstimo
NAB

new money
[London Club]
new credit
fresh money

dinheiro novo
novos crditos
crditos novos

New Partnership for Africa's Development
NEPAD

Nova Parceria para o Desenvolvimento de frica
NEPAD
NPDA

new trade theory

nova teoria do comrcio internacional

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News Brief
[IMF document series; NB/...]
NB

nota de divulgao

ninja loan
NINJA
no income, no job, no asset
No-income no-job no-asset verification loan

emprstimo ninja

Nomenclature for the Classification of Goods in Customs Tariffs
Customs Co-operation Council Nomenclature
CCCN
Brussels Tariff Nomenclature
BTN
Brussels Nomenclature

+Nomenclatura para Classificao das Mercadorias nas Pautas Aduaneiras+
+Nomenclatura do Conselho de Cooperao Aduaneira+
NCCA
Nomenclatura Aduaneira de Bruxelas
NAB
Nomenclatura de Bruxelas

nominal anchor
[exchange policy; monetary policy]

ncora nominal

nominal effective exchange rate index
NEER index

ndice da taxa de cmbio efetiva nominal

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nominal effective exchange rate
NEER

taxa de cmbio efetiva nominal
TCEN

nominal GDP
money GDP
current-price GDP
GDP at current prices

PIB nominal

nominal interest rate
stated interest rate
nominal interest

taxa de juro nominal

nominal value
money value
par value
face value
denomination

valor nominal
valor monetrio
valor de face
valor facial

nonacceleration clause

clusula de no acelerao

nonbank financial institution
NBFI
nonbank financial corporation

instituio financeira no bancria

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noncompetitive bid
[securities auctions]

oferta no competitiva

noncomplying purchase
[IMF]

compra improcedente

nonconcessionary flow
nonconcessional flow

fluxo de capitais no concessionais
fluxo de capitais em condies no concessionais

nondurable good

bem no durvel
[BRA]
bem no duradouro
[PRT]

non-emerging market developing countries

pases em desenvolvimento que no so mercados emergentes

nonfiler
[taxation]

contribuinte omisso

nonfuel exporters

exportadores de produtos outros que no combustveis

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nongovernmental organization
NGO

organizao no governamental
ONG

nonmarket economy

economia no de mercado

nonmonetary gold
[BPM5; BPM6; GMBS]

ouro no monetrio

non-oil developing country
NODC

pas em desenvolvimento no petrolfero
PDNP

non-oil GDP

PIB no petrolfero

nonperforming loan
[BPM6; FSIG]
NPL
nonperforming asset
[FSIG]
nonperforming credit

emprstimo improdutivo

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nonprofit institution
NPI
nonprofit organization
NPO
nonprofit body

instituio sem fins lucrativos
ISFL
organizao sem fins lucrativos
entidade sem fins lucrativos

nonprofit institutions serving households
NPISH

instituies sem fins lucrativos ao servio das famlias
ISFLSF

nontariff measure
nontariff
NTM
nontariff barrier
NTB

medida no tarifria
barreira no tarifria
obstculo no tarifrio

nontax revenue
[GFSY; GFSM]

receita no tributria
receitas no fiscais

nontradable goods
nontradables

bens no comercializveis
bens no comerciveis
bens no transacionveis

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nontraded good

bem no comercializado
bem no comerciado
bem no transacionado

norm for remuneration
[IMF]

norma de remunerao

normal variable

varivel normal
varivel de distribuio normal

normalized unit labor cost

custo unitrio normalizado do trabalho

North American Division
[WHD/NB]

Diviso da Amrica do Norte

North American Free Trade Agreement
NAFTA

Acordo de Livre Comrcio da Amrica do Norte
NAFTA

Northeastern Division
[EUR/NE]

Diviso da Europa Norte-Oriental

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Northern Division
[EUR/NO]

Diviso da Europa Setentrional

not applicable
n.a.

no se aplica
n.a.

not available
n.a.

no disponvel
n.d.

notice of failure to fulfill obligations
[IMF]

notificao de descumprimento das obrigaes

notification system
[IMF, exchange arrangements]

sistema de notificao

notional

nocional
hipottico

notional drawing right
[IMF]

direito de saque presuntivo

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null hypothesis
null, the

hiptese nula

obsolescence

obsolescncia

Occasional Paper
[IMF]

estudo da srie "Occasional Papers"

off-balance-sheet item
below-the-line item
off-balance-sheet account

conta extrapatrimonial
conta complementar
rubrica complementar

off-budget transaction
off-budget activity

operao extra-oramentria

office audit
desk audit
documentary audit
off-site supervision
off-site inspection

auditoria interna
inspeo interna

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Office of Budget and Planning
[IMF-OMD]
OBP

Gabinete de Oramento e Planificao

Office of Executive Directors
[IMF]
OED

Gabinetes dos Administradores

Office of Executive Secretary, Joint Development Committee
[IMF-OED]
DC
JDC

Gabinete do Secretrio Executivo do Comit de Desenvolvimento

Office of Internal Audit and Inspection
[IMF-OMD]
OIA

Gabinete de Auditoria e Inspeo Internas

Office of Technical Assistance Management
[IMF-OMD]
OTM

Gabinete de Gesto da Assistncia Tcnica

Office of the Deputy Managing Director
[IMF-OMD]

Gabinete do Subdiretor-Geral

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Office of the Managing Director
[IMF]
OMD

Gabinete do Diretor-Geral

Offices in Europe
[IMF]
EUO

Escritrios na Europa

official borrowers

tomadores de emprstimos oficiais

official capital flows
official flows
official financial flows

fluxos oficiais
fluxos de capitais oficiais

official community

comunidade oficial
instituies oficiais

official creditor

credor oficial
credor pblico

official debt

dvida oficial
dvida (para) com credores oficiais

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official development assistance
[Debt Guide, 1993; OECD]
ODA

assistncia oficial para o desenvolvimento
[BRA]
AOD
ajuda pblica ao desenvolvimento
[PRT, AFR]
APD

official development bank
[Debt Guide, 1993; External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users, 1993]

banco oficial de desenvolvimento

official holdings

haveres oficiais

official multilateral debt renegotiation

renegociao multilateral da dvida oficial

official sector
[BPM5]

setor oficial

official settlement balance

saldo baseado nas liquidaes oficiais

official traveler
[BPM5]

viajante em misso oficial

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official value
[customs]
posted value
administrative value
standard value

valor pautal, oficial
valor fixado pela(s) alfndega(s)

officially supported export credit
[Debt Guide, 1993; External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users, 1993]

crdito exportao com apoio oficial

offsetting entry
[BPM5]
balancing entry
contra entry
offset

lanamento compensatrio
lanamento de contrapartida

offshore bank
offshore deposit taker

banco +offshore+
banco extraterritorial

offshore banking center

centro bancrio +offshore+
centro bancrio extraterritorial

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offshore financial center
[BPM6; Debt Guide, 1993; BPM6 Annoted Outline; External Debt Statistics: Guide for
Compilers and Users, 1993]
OFC

centro financeiro +offshore+
centro financeiro extraterritorial

offshore processing industry
offshore enterprise

indstria de processamento no exterior
empresa de processamento no exterior
+maquiladora+

offshore processing
offshore assembly

processamento no estrangeiro
montagem no exterior

off-track

mal executado
mal encaminhado
descarrilhado
descarrilado

oil bill

fatura do petrleo
conta do petrleo
custo das importaes de petrleo

Oil Facility
[IMF; IFS]

Programa de Financiamento do Petrleo

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oil-exporting country

pas exportador de petrleo

Ombudsman
[IMF]
Ombudsperson

Ombudsman

on an annual basis
annualized basis, on an
full-year basis, on a

em base anual
em cifras anuais
em termos anuais

one-crop economy
single-crop economy

economia de monocultura

one-tailed test
[statistics]
one-sided test
single-tailed test

teste unilateral

online access

acesso direto
acesso +online+

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online course
[IMF-INS]

curso +online+
[BRA]
curso em linha
[PRT]

online information network

rede de informao de acesso direto
rede de informao +on-line+

on-track

bem executado
bem encaminhado

open capital account
[IMF]

livre movimentao de capitais
liberdade dos movimentos de capitais

open market operation

operao de mercado aberto

open unemployment

desemprego evidente
desemprego declarado

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open-end mutual fund
mutual fund
unit trust
[GBR]
open-end investment company
open-end investment trust
open-end investment fund

fundo de investimento
fundo de investimento aberto
fundo mtuo
fundo de participao
fundo de aplicao

opening remarks

discurso de abertura
pronunciamento de abertura
palavras de abertura
observaes iniciais

openness

abertura

operating account

conta operacional
[BRA]
conta de explorao
[PRT]

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operating costs
[MPI]
operational costs
[MPI]

custos operacionais
custos de explorao

operational budget
[IMF]

oramento operacional

operational risk

risco operacional

operational staff
[IMF]

pessoal de operaes

Operations Division
[SEC/OP]

Diviso de Operaes

opportunity cost
[SNA93]

custo de oportunidade

option contract
option

opo

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option exchange

mercado de opes

order instrument
order paper

instrumento ordem
ttulo ordem

orderly marketing arrangement
OMA
orderly marketing agreement

acordo de comercializao ordenada

ordinary resources
[IMF]

recursos ordinrios

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OECD
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
[IMF]

Organizao para a Cooperao e Desenvolvimento Econmico
OCDE

Organization of American States
OAS

Organizao dos Estados Americanos
OEA

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
OPEC

Organizao dos Pases Exportadores de Petrleo
OPEP

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original maturity
[BPM6; Debt Guide, 1993; BPM6 Annoted Outline; External Debt Statistics: Guide for
Compilers and Users, 1993]
initial maturity

vencimento inicial
vencimento original

original member
[IMF]

pas membro fundador

other conventional fixed peg arrangements
[IMF exchange rate classification system, 2006]

outro tipo de regime convencional de taxa de cmbio fixa

other holder of SDRs
[IMF]

outro detentor de DES

outgoings
outlay(s)

gastos

out-of-lineness
[IMF]

desalinhamento (medido como a diferena entre a quota relativa calculada e a quota
relativa efetiva)

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outsourcing
vendorization
contracting out

terceirizao

outstanding public debt
outstanding government debt

saldo da dvida pblica

outward-looking policy

poltica orientada ao exterior

overall demand

demanda global
procura global

overall fiscal balance
[GFSM 2001]
overall balance
[GFSM; IFS]

saldo fiscal global
saldo global

overdraft

descoberto
saque a descoberto

overdraft credit

crdito a descoberto

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overdue country
[IMF]

pas com obrigaes financeiras vencidas

overdue financial obligation to the Fund
[IMF]
overdue financial obligation

obrigao financeira vencida ([para] com o Fundo)

overdue payment to the Fund
[IMF]

pagamento vencido ([para] com o Fundo)

overdue repurchase

recompra em mora
recompra vencida

overindebtedness

excesso de endividamento
sobreendividamento

overnight credit
overnight loan
overnight money
overnight funds

emprstimo +overnight+
crdito +overnight+
crdito a um dia

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overnight interest rate swap
overnight index swap
OIS

+swap+ de taxa de juro +overnight+

overrepresented countries

pases super-representados
pases sobrerrepresentados

overshooting

+overshooting+
[BRA]
correo excessiva
excesso de ajuste

over-the-counter market
OTC

mercado de balco

Pacific Division
[WHD/PA]

Diviso do Pacfico

Pacific Economic Cooperation Council
PECC

Conselho de Cooperao Econmica do Pacfico
PECC

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paid-up capital
paid-in capital

capital integralizado

panel expert
[IMF-FAD, MAE]

especialista

panel
expert panel

painel
painel de especialistas

paper currency
paper money
[BPM5]

papel-moeda

paper loss
unrealized loss
book loss

perda contbil

paper
[finance]

papis
valores
ttulos

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par bond exchange
[debt restructuring]

troca por bnus ao par

par exchange

cmbio ao par
troca ao par

par value of currency
central parity
central parity rate

paridade

par value system

sistema de paridades

parallel contingency financing

financiamento paralelo para casos imprevistos
financiamento paralelo para contingncias

parallel economy

economia paralela

parallel financing
side financing

financiamento paralelo

parallel market
[SNA93]

mercado paralelo

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parent company
parent corporation
parent enterprise

empresa matriz
matriz

pari passu clause
[London Club]

clusula +pari passu+

Paris Club Secretariat

Secretaria do Clube de Paris

Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness

Declarao de Paris sobre a Eficcia da Ajuda

Paris Office
[IMF-EUR]
EUO/PA

Escritrio de Paris

parity

paridade

parity grid
grid of parities
grid

rede de relaes de paridade

partial interest forgiveness

perdo parcial dos juros devidos

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participant
[IMF, SDR Department]

participante

participatory PRSP
[PRGF]
full participatory PRSP

processo participativo de formulao do PERP
processo plenamente participativo de elaborao do PERP
PERP participativo
PERP plenamente participativo

partnership

sociedade (de pessoas)
associao

passbook savings account
passbook account

caderneta de poupana
conta em caderneta de poupana

passenger services
[BPM5]

servios de passageiros

pass-through of international prices

repasse dos preos internacionais

pass-through taxation
pass-through
shifting of tax

repercusso

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past due interest
PDI

juros vencidos

pay-as-you-earn withholding
PAYE

reteno na fonte

pay-as-you-go system
PAYG
unfunded system
unfunded pension plan
[Balance of Payments Manual - 5th edition]
unfunded retirement scheme

sistema de repartio
sistema de pagamentos correntes
sistema custeado por receitas correntes de contribuies

payment arrears
[IMF]
arrears

pagamentos em atraso
obrigaes em atraso
situao de mora
atrasados de pagamentos

payments restriction

restrio aos pagamentos

payroll tax

encargos sociais

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payroll
[GFSM]

folha de pagamentos
folha salarial

peak

ponto mximo (do ciclo)

peg a currency to

vincular a

peg
[exchange rates]

moeda de referncia
unidade de referncia

pegged exchange rate

taxa de cmbio vinculada
taxa de cmbio fixa

pegged exchange rates within horizontal bands
[IMF exchange rate classification system, 2006]

taxa de cmbio vinculada com flutuao dentro de bandas preestabelecidas

per capita
per head

per capita

per night allowance
[IMF-HRD]
per diem

diria

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percentage change

variao percentual

percentage point

ponto percentual

perfect capital mobility

mobilidade perfeita de capitais

performance appraisal
performance evaluation
performance assessment

avaliao de desempenho

performance budgeting system
performance budget
output budget
performance budgeting

oramento de desempenho
oramento funcional
oramentao por resultados

performance criterion
[IMF]
PC

critrio de desempenho

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performance-related contract
performance contract
management contract
development contract

contrato-programa
contrato-plano

period of consent
[IMF quota increase]

prazo para manifestao de concordncia
prazo para aceitao

periodic charges
[IMF]

comisso peridica
commisses peridicas

periodic consultation
[IMF]

consulta peridica

Personal Assistant to the Managing Director
[IMF-OMD]

Assistente Pessoal do Diretor-Geral

personal effects
[BPM5]
personal property

bens pessoais
pertences

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personal income tax

imposto de renda da pessoa fsica
[BRA]
IRPF
imposto sobre o rendimento das pessoas singulares
[PRT, AFR]
IRS
[PRT]
IRPS
[MOZ]

personal income
[macroeconomics]

renda pessoal
rendimento pessoal

personal savings

poupana pessoal

Personnel Manager, Senior
[IMF]
SPM

Gerente de Recursos Humanos

phase out

eliminar progressivamente
abolir gradualmente
suspender por etapas

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phasing of purchases
[IMF]
phasing

escalonamento
escalonamento das compras

pioneer industry

indstria pioneira

pipeline, in the

tramitao, em

placement
[securities]

colocao

planning-programming-budgeting system
PPBS
program-based budgeting system
program budget
program budgeting

sistema de planejamento, programao e elaborao de oramento
SPPE
oramento-programa

plant and equipment

instalaes e equipamento

pledge
[HIPC]

contribuio prometida
compromisso de contribuio

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pledged gold

ouro empenhado

point of valuation

ponto de avaliao

policies and practices of the IMF

polticas e prticas do FMI

policies and procedures of the Fund

polticas e procedimentos do FMI

Policy Communication Division
[EXR/PO]

Diviso de Comunicao das Polticas do FMI

policy framework paper
[IMF-IBRD]
PFP

documento-quadro de poltica econmica

policy instrument

instrumento de poltica

policy mix

combinao de polticas
combinao de medidas econmicas

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Policy Monitoring Arrangement
PMA

Mecanismo de Monitoramento de Polticas
PMA

policy of restraint

austeridade, poltica de

policy on enlarged access to the Fund's resources
[IMF]
enlarged access policy
[IMF]
EAP

poltica de acesso ampliado aos recursos do FMI
poltica de acesso ampliado

policy package

pacote de medidas (de poltica)
conjunto de medidas (de poltica)

Policy Support Instrument
[IMF]
PSI

Instrumento de Apoio Poltica Econmica
PSI

policy variable

varivel de poltica

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policy-based lending
[IBRD]
policy loans

emprstimos em apoio a medidas de ajustamento
financiamento em apoio a reformas

policymaker

responsvel
autoridade
autoridade decisria
dirigente

political economy

economia poltica

population pressure
demographic pressure

presso demogrfica

population pyramid
age pyramid

pirmide populacional
pirmide etria

port services
[BPM5]

servios porturios

portfolio assets

ativos em carteira

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portfolio choice

seleo de carteira

portfolio choice theory

teoria de seleo de carteira
teoria de seleo de portflio

portfolio investment

investimento de carteira

portfolio shift
portfolio reshuffling
portfolio switching

recomposio da carteira
restruturao da carteira

position

posio

position in the Fund
net Fund position
Fund position

posio no FMI
posio lquida no Fundo
posio lquida junto ao FMI

Post SCA-2 Administered Account

Conta Administrada Ps-SCA-2

post-conflict country

pas em situao ps-conflito
pas sado de um conflito

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Post-Conflict Reconstruction Fund
[IBRD]
PCRF

Fundo para a Reconstruo de Pases Sados de Conflitos

postpayment
[BPM5]

pagamento diferido

post-program monitoring
[IMF]
PPM

monitoramento ps-programa

potential growth

crescimento potencial

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis
poverty and social impact assessment
PSIA

anlise do impacto social e sobre a pobreza
PSIA

poverty line
poverty income threshold

linha de pobreza
limiar de pobreza

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poverty reducing expenditure
PRE
pro-poor spending

despesas pr-pobres
despesas em prol dos pobres
despesas de reduo da pobreza

Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility
[IMF]
PRGF

Programa de Financiamento para Reduo da Pobreza e Crescimento
PRGF

Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust
PRGT

Fundo Fiducirio para a Reduo da Pobreza e o Crescimento
PRGT

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Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
[IMF-IBRD]
PRSP
National Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
[GNB]
NPRSP

Plano Estratgico de Reduo da Pobreza
[IMF]
PERP
Documento de Estratgia Nacional para a Reduo da Pobreza
[GNB]
DENARP
Documento de Estratgia de Crescimento e de Reduo da Pobreza
[CPV]
DECRP
Estratgia de Combate Pobreza
[AGO]
ECP
Estratgia Nacional de Reduo da Pobreza
[STP]
ENRP
Plano de Aco para a Reduo da Pobreza Absoluta
[MOZ]
PARPA

precautionary balances
[IMF]

saldos precautrios
saldos de precauo

precautionary demand for money

demanda de moeda pelo motivo precauo
demanda de moeda por motivo de precauo

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precautionary motive

motivo precauo
motivo de precauo

predictive power

poder preditivo

preferential tariff arrangement

acordo tarifrio preferencial

Preferential Trade Area for Eastern and Southern African States
PTA

Zona de Comrcio Preferencial para os Estados da frica Oriental e Austral
ZCP

preferred creditor

credor privilegiado

preferred share
preferred stock
preference share
[GBR]

ao preferencial

pre-investment study

estudo de pr-investimento

prepayment

pagamento antecipado

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prescribed operation
[SDR]

operao autorizada

prescribed SDR holder
[IMF]
prescribed holder of SDRs

detentor autorizado de DES

prescription of currency requirements
[IMF, AREAER]
prescription of currency

determinao da moeda de pagamento
moedas utilizveis nos pagamentos internacionais

Press Release
[IMF document series; PR/...]
PR

Comunicado de Imprensa

prevailing market rate
going rate

taxa do mercado
taxa praticada no mercado
taxa vigente no mercado

prevention
[IMF overdue financial obligations]
preventive action
preventive measure

preveno
ao preventiva
medida preventiva

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PRGF and HIPC Financing Division
[FIN/PH]

Diviso de Financiamento do PRGF e da Iniciativa HIPC

PRGF arrangement
[IMF]

acordo PRGF
acordo no mbito do PRGF

PRGF Operations Division
[SPR/GF]
POD

Diviso de Operaes do Programa de Financiamento para Reduo da Pobreza e
Crescimento
Diviso de Operaes do PRGF

PRGF Trust Loan Account
Loan Account

Conta de Emprstimos do Fundo do PRGF
Conta de Emprstimos

PRGF Trust loan
[IMF]

emprstimo do Fundo do PRGF
emprstimo no mbito do Fundo do PRGF

PRGF Trust Subsidy Account
Subsidy Account

Conta de Subveno do Fundo do PRGF
Conta de Subveno

PRGF Trust
[IMF]

Fundo do PRGF

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PRGF-ESF Trust

Fundo PRGF-ESF

PRGF-HIPC Trust
[IMF]

Fundo PRGF-HIPC

price control

controle de preos
regulamentao dos preos

price elasticity

elasticidade-preo

price expectation

expectativa de preos

price freeze

congelamento de preos

price index

ndice de preos

price inflation

inflao de preos

price-earnings ratio
PER
PE ratio

relao preo-lucro

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price-sensitive information
price-sensitive data

informaes cuja divulgao poder afetar as cotaes de mercado

pricing policy
price policy

poltica de fixao de preos
poltica de preos

primary exporting country

pas exportador de produtos primrios

primary fiscal balance
primary balance

resultado primrio
resultado fiscal primrio
saldo fiscal primrio
saldo primrio

primary money

moeda primria

primary producing country

pas de produo primria

primary product
primary commodity
commodity

produto primrio

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primary reserve assets
primary reserves
[banking; USA]

reservas primrias

prime rate
base lending rate
BLR

+prime rate+
taxa preferencial de juro

principal

ator principal
principal

principal reserve asset

principal ativo de reserva

principal-agent problem

problema do agente e do principal
problema do principal e do agente

prior action
[IMF arrangements]
PA

aes prvias
ao prvia
medida prvia

prisoner's dilemma

dilema do prisioneiro

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private equity

+private equity+

probability level
[statistics]
probability

nvel de probabilidade
probabilidade

proceeds (from a sale)

produto (de uma venda)

procyclical bias

vis pr-cclico

producer price index
PPI

ndice de preos ao produtor
[BRA]
IPP
ndice de preos no produtor
[PRT]

producer surplus

supervit do produtor

production factor
factor of production
factor
input

fator de produo

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production possibility frontier
PPF
production frontier
production possibility boundary
production possibility curve
transformation curve

fronteira de possibilidades de produo
FPP
curva de transformao

productivity gain

ganho de produtividade

profit

lucro

profit ratio
profit margin
margin

margem de lucro

profitability
earning power

rentabilidade
rendibilidade
[PRT]

program adjuster
[IMF]

fator de correo de um programa

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progress report
status report

relatrio de andamento
relatrio de situao

progressive tax

imposto progressivo

progressivity
[taxation]

progressividade

prohibition of short-sale
prohibition of short sale

proibio das vendas a descoberto

prolonged user of IMF resources
[IMF]

usurio persistente dos recursos do FMI
pas que faz uso prolongado dos recursos do Fundo

promissory note
note

nota promissria
livrana
[PRT, AFR]

propensity to consume

propenso ao consumo
propenso a consumir

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propensity to save

propenso poupana
propenso a poupar

property and assets of the Fund
[IMF]

bens e ativos do Fundo

protracted arrears (to the Fund)
[IMF]

situao de mora persistente (para com o Fundo)

provident fund
[GMBS]

fundo de previdncia

provision
[GBR]
accruals
[USA]

proviso
reserva

provisional administration
[bank supervision; insolvency]
conservatorship

interveno

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provisioning
[BPM5; Debt Guide, 1993; FSIG]
establishment of provisions

constituio de proviso
constituio de provises

proxy variable
proxy value
proxy

varivel substitutiva
varivel representativa
varivel +proxy+

PRSP approach
PRSP process
[PRGF]

processo do PERP
processo de formulao do PERP

PRSP Preparation Status Report
[IMF-IBRD]

Relatrio do Andamento da Elaborao do PERP

prudential standards

normas prudenciais
padres prudenciais

Public Affairs Division
[EXR/PU]

Diviso de Relaes Pblicas

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Public Affairs Officer
[IMF-EXR]

Agente de Relaes Pblicas

Public Affairs Officer, Senior
[IMF-EXR]

Agente Snior de Relaes Pblicas

public authorities

autoridades pblicas

public debt
[Debt Guide, 1993; SNA93]

dvida pblica

public enterprise
public corporation
state enterprise
state-owned enterprise
SOE
state-owned corporation
government enterprise
government corporation

empresa pblica
empresa estatal

Public Financial Management Division, I, II
[FAD/M1, M2]
M1, M2

Diviso de Gesto das Finanas Pblicas I, II

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public financial management
PFM

gesto das finanas pblicas
gesto financeira pblica

Public Information Notice
[IMF-EXR]
PIN

Nota de Informao ao Pblico
PIN

public or publicly guaranteed debt
government or government-guaranteed debt

dvida pblica ou com garantia pblica

public sector borrowing requirement(s)
PSBR

necessidade de financiamento do setor pblico
NFSP

public utility
public service corporation
utility

empresa de servios pblicos

Publication Services Section
[EXR/EP/PS]

Seo de Servios de Publicao

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public-private partnership
PPP
PPIP

parceria pblico-privada

punitive measure
[IMF overdue financial obligations]

medida punitiva

purchasing power parity
PPP

paridade de poder de compra
PPC
paridade de poder aquisitivo
PPA

pure economic rent

renda econmica pura

put option
put

opo de venda
+put+

qualified majority voting
QMV

votao por maioria qualificada

quantification
[SNA93]

quantificao

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quantity theory of money

teoria quantitativa da moeda

quasi-money instrument
near cash instrument

instrumento quase-monetrio

quasi-money
near-money

quase-moeda

quick-yielding project

projeto de retorno rpido

quota and voice

quotas e voz

quota formula

frmula de clculo das quotas

quota limit
[IMF; ESAF]

limite de acesso em termos da quota
limite de acesso em funo da quota

quota review
[IMF]
review of quotas

reviso das quotas

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quota share
[IMF]
actual quota share
share in actual quotas
share in total quotas

participao relativa no total das quotas
quota relativa
quota efetiva

rampant inflation
runaway inflation
galloping inflation
[SNA93]

inflao galopante
inflao desenfreada
inflao explosiva

random variable

varivel aleatria
varivel randmica

range

faixa
banda
variedade
srie
gama
leque
amplitude
intervalo

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ranking

classificao
+ranking+

Rapid Access Line
RAL

linha de crdito de acesso rpido

Rapid Credit Facility
RCF

Linha de Crdito Rpido
RCF

rate of charge
[IMF; SDR use]

taxa de comisso

rating
[securities]

classificao
+rating+

rational expectations
[SNA93]

expectativas racionais

real effective exchange rate index
REER index

ndice da taxa de cmbio efetiva real

real flow

fluxo real

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real interest rate

taxa de juro real

Real Sector Division
[STA/RE]

Diviso do Setor Real

real wage

salrio real

recapitalization
[banks]

recapitalizao

recapture clause

clusula de recuperao

receiver
[bank supervision; insolvency]

sndico
administrador judicial

receivership

liquidao judicial

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reciprocal currency arrangement
cross-currency swap
foreign currency swap
swap arrangement
currency swap arrangement
swap

acordo de crdito recproco

reconciliation
reconcilement
conciliation

conciliao
reconciliao

record-keeping system
recording system
[BPM5]

sistema de registro
sistema de contabilizao

Recruitment and Staffing Division
[HRD/RS]
RSD

Diviso de Recrutamento e Colocao de Pessoal

recurrent budget

oramento ordinrio

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rediscount ceiling
[central banking]
rediscount quota

limite de redesconto
teto de redesconto

rediscount rate

taxa de redesconto

redistributional transfer payments

transferncias redistributivas

reference currency

moeda de referncia

reference rate
[MPI]

taxa de referncia

refinancing
[Debt Guide, 1993; SNA93]

refinanciamento

reflation

reflao

reflows of flight capital
return of flight capital
repatriation of flight capital

regresso de capitais fugidos
repatriao de capitais fugidos

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refund of charges
[IMF]

reembolso de comisses

refunding
[repayment]

reembolso

region of acceptance
[statistics]

regio de aceitao

region of rejection
[statistics]

regio de rejeio

Regional Advisory Group

Grupo Consultivo Regional

Regional Economic Outlook
[IMF]
REO

Perspectivas Econmicas Regionais

regional financing arrangements

acordos de financiamento regionais

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Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
[IMF]
OAP

Escritrio Regional da sia e do Pacfico

Regional Office for Central Europe and the Baltics
[IMF]

Escritrio Regional da Europa Central e do Bltico

regional technical assistance center
[IMF]
RTAC

centro regional de assistncia tcnica

registered check
register check

cheque de caixa
cheque de tesouraria

registered instrument
registered security

instrumento nominativo
ttulo nominativo

regression equation

equao de regresso

regressive tax

imposto regressivo

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regressivity
[taxation]

regressividade

regular election
[IMF, Executive Directors]

eleio ordinria

regular meeting
[IMF, Executive Board]

reunio ordinria

Regulation and Supervision Division
[MCM/FR]

Diviso de Regulamentao e Superviso

regulatory agency

rgo regulador
agncia reguladora

regulatory capture

captura regulatria

rehabilitation program
[enterprises]

programa de reestruturao
programa de saneamento
programa de reorganizao
programa de reabilitao

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reinvested earnings
[BPM5; BPM6]

lucros reinvestidos

remedial measure
[IMF overdue financial obligations]
corrective action
corrective measure
remedial action

medida corretiva
medida saneadora

remittance of funds

remessa de recursos
remessa de fundos

remittance recipient

pas recebedor de transferncias

remitted earnings
[BPM5]

lucros repatriados

remunerated reserve tranche position
[IMF]

posio remunerada na parcela de reserva

remuneration
[IMF]

remunerao

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remuneration, rate of
[IMF]

remunerao, taxa de

renewable
replenishable
reproducible

renovvel
reproduzvel

rent-seeking

+rent seeking+

repayment capacity

capacidade de pagamento
capacidade de reembolso

repayment period
[Paris Club; Debt Guide, 1993]

prazo de reembolso

repayment schedule

calendrio de vencimentos

repayment
[GFSM; SNA93]

reembolso
amortizao
pagamento

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replenish the Fund's holdings of currencies
[IMF-AA]

reconstituir os haveres do FMI em moeda

replenishment of Fund resources
[IMF]

reconstituio dos recursos do FMI

replenishment of reserves

reconstituio de reservas

report of the Executive Board
[IMF]

relatrio do Conselho de Administrao

Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes
[IMF]
ROSC

Relatrio sobre a Observncia de Normas e Cdigos
ROSC

reporting agency
[IMF-STA]

entidade declarante

reporting country

pas declarante

reporting period
[BPM5]

perodo de declarao
perodo de reporte

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representation of balance of payments financing need
[IMF]
representation of need
declaration of BOP-related need
declaration of need

declarao de necessidade de financiamento do balano de pagamentos
declarao de necessidade

representative rate
[IMF; exchange]

taxa de cmbio representativa

representative set of currencies
[IMF]

conjunto representativo de moedas

repricing of risk

reavaliao do risco
reviso da avaliao do risco

repurchase agreement
repo
RP
repurchase operation
repurchase transaction

acordo de recompra
operao compromissada
operao de reporte
[PRT]

repurchase market
repo market

mercado de repos
mercado de operaes compromissadas de revenda

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required reserve ratio
minimum reserve ratio
reserve requirement
reserve ratio
legal reserve ratio

coeficiente de depsito compulsrio
coeficiente de recolhimento compulsrio
coeficiente de reserva obrigatria

requirement of need
[IMF; SDR]

critrio de necessidade

requited payment
[GFS 1986]

pagamento com contrapartida

rescheduling country
rescheduler

pas em processo de reescalonamento da dvida
pas que obtm reescalonamento da dvida
pas que obteve reescalonamento da dvida

research and development
R&D

pesquisa e desenvolvimento
[BRA]
P&D
investigao e desenvolvimento
[PRT]
I&D

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Research Department
[IMF]
RES

Departamento de Estudos

reservation price

preo de reserva

reservation price (of labor)
reservation wage

salrio de reserva

reserve asset

ativo de reserva

Reserve Augmentation Line
[IMF]
RAL

linha de crdito para aumento das reservas

reserve creation
[BPM5]

criao de reservas

reserve currency

moeda de reserva

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reserve inadequacy
reserve deficiency
inadequacy of reserves

insuficincia das reservas
insuficincia de reservas

reserve position
[country]

posio das reservas

reserve requirement
[SNA93]
minimum reserve requirement
required reserves

depsito compulsrio
reserva compulsria
reserva obrigatria
disponibilidades mnimas de caixa
[Cape Verde]

reserve stringency

escassez de reservas
carncia de reservas

reserve tranche position
[IMF]

posio na parcela de reserva

reserve tranche purchase
[IMF]

compra na parcela de reserva

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reserve
[SNA93]

reserva
proviso

reserve-related official borrowing

emprstimos oficiais relacionados s reservas

reserve-related transaction

transao relacionada com as reservas

Resident Representative
[IMF]
Res. Rep.

Representante Residente

Resident Representative, Senior
[IMF]

Representante Residente Snior

resilience
[FSIG]

capacidade de recuperao
capacidade de reao
resistncia

resource allocation
allocation of resources

alocao de recursos
distribuio dos recursos

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resource gap

dficit de recursos
insuficincia de recursos

Resource Management Division
[MCM/RM]

Diviso de Gesto de Recursos

resource rich countries

pases ricos em recursos naturais

respondent
[IMF-STA; surveys]

informante

responsive

sensvel

retail price index
RPI

ndice de preos no varejo
[BRA]
IPV
ndice de preos no retalho
[PRT]

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retained earnings
[BPM6; FSIG]
undistributed earnings
[BPM5]
undistributed profits
retained gains

lucros no distribudos
lucros retidos

returned exports and imports
[BPM5]

importaes e exportaes devolvidas

revaluation

reavaliao

Revenue Administration Division I, II
[FAD/R1, R2]
RAD1
RAD2

Diviso de Administrao de Receitas I, II

revenue collection

arrecadao
arrecadao de receitas

revenue sharing
tax revenue sharing
tax sharing arrangement

participao na receita tributria
participao na receita fiscal

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revenue shortfall

insuficincia de receitas
quebra de receitas

reverse auction

leilo reverso

reverse repurchase operation
reverse operation
reverse transaction
[BPM6]
matched sale-purchase agreement
[USA]
MSP
reverse repo
[BPM6]

recompra reversa
operao de recompra reversa
operao de compra e venda casada

review mission (Fund)

misso de avaliao
misso de reviso

review
[IMF]

exame (de um programa)
avaliao (de um programa)
reconsiderao (de uma deciso)

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revised downward

revisto em baixa
[PT, AFR]

revised upward

corrigido para mais

revolving credit facility
revolving credit

linha de crdito rotativo
crdito rotativo

right to terminate participation
[IMF]

direito de dar por terminada a participao

right to withdraw
[IMF]

direito de retirar-se

rights accumulation program
[Debt Guide, 1993]
RAP

programa de acumulao de direitos

rights approach
[IMF]
rights approach
[IMF]

mtodo dos direitos
abordagem dos "direitos"

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ringfence
ringfencing

+ring-fencing+

risk aversion

averso ao risco
averso a riscos

risk mutualization

mutualizao dos riscos

risk premium on interest rates
risk premium

prmio de risco
gio de risco

River Plate Division
[WHD/RL]

Diviso do Rio da Prata

RMBS
residential mortgage-backed security

RMBS
ttulo garantido por hipoteca residencial

rogue state
rogue nation
renegade government

"estado pria"
"pas pria"
"nao pria"

rollover credit

crdito renovvel

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rollover risk

risco de rolagem

rule of law

Estado de direito
imprio da lei
domnio do direito

rules and practices of the Fund
[IMF]
standard practices (of the Fund)

normas e prticas do Fundo

Rules and Regulations
[IMF]

Regimento Interno

rules for designation
[SDR]

normas de designao

rules for reconstitution
[SDR]

normas de reconstituio

rules for repurchase
[IMF]

normas de recompra

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safeguard measure
[SNA93]
safeguard clause
safeguard
[SNA93]

medida de salvaguarda
clusula de salvaguarda
salvaguarda

safeguards assessment

avaliao das salvaguardas
avaliao das medidas de salvaguarda

Safeguards Assessments Division
[FIN/SA]

Diviso de Avaliao das Salvaguardas

safeguards on the use of Fund resources
safeguards

salvaguardas para o uso dos recursos do FMI
salvaguardas

salary

ordenado
salrio
vencimento(s)

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salary scale
[general]
salary schedule
wage scale
wage schedule
pay scale
pay schedule
pay table

escala salarial
escala de salrios
escala de vencimentos
tabela de salrios
tabela de vencimentos
grelha salarial
[PRT, AFR]

sales tax
[GFS 1986; GFSM]

imposto sobre vendas
Imposto de Circulao
[MOZ]

sample

amostra

sample survey
[BPM5]

levantamento por amostragem
inqurito por amostragem

sampling
[BPM5]

amostragem

Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency
SAMA

Agncia Monetria da Arbia Saudita
SAMA

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saving

poupana
economia
aforro
[PRT]

saving rate
saving(s) ratio

taxa de poupana

savings account

conta de poupana

savings and loan association
S&L

associao de poupana e emprstimo

savings bank
[BPM5]

caixa econmica
banco de poupana

savings glut

excesso de poupana

scale variable

varivel de escala

scarce currency

moeda escassa

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scatter diagram

diagrama de disperso

scenario

cenrio

schedular tax

imposto cedular
imposto parcelar

schedule of charges

tabela de comisses

scheduled repurchase
[IMF]

recompra programada

SDR as unit of account
SDR qua unit of account

DES como unidade de conta
DES-unidade de conta

SDR assessment
assessment

cotizao de DES
cotizao para custeio do Departamento de DES

SDR Department

Departamento de DES

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SDR holdings account
SDR account

conta de haveres em DES
conta de DES

SDR interest rate

taxa de juro do DES

SDR interest
[IMF]

juros sobre os haveres em DES
juros de DES

SDR-denominated

expresso em DES

seasonal credit
crop credit

crdito sazonal
crdito agrcola

seasonal labor force
seasonal labor
seasonal workers
migrant labor
migrants

mo-de-obra sazonal
trabalhadores sazonais
trabalhadores de temporada

seasonal unemployment

desemprego sazonal

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seasonally adjusted annual rate
SAAR

taxa anual dessazonalizada
[BRA]
taxa anual corrigida de variaes sazonais
taxa anual desestacionalizada

seasonally adjusted
[IFS]

dessazonalizado
sazonalmente ajustado
desestacionalizado
corrigido da sazonalidade

secondary market

mercado secundrio

secondment
[personnel]

destacamento
transferncia temporria

second-round price effect

efeito secundrio da alta dos preos

Secretary (of the Fund)
[IMF-SEC]

Secretrio (do FMI)

Secretary for Conferences, Assistant
[IMF-SEC; BFCO]

Secretrio Assistente de Conferncias

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Secretary, Assistant
[IMF-SEC]

Secretrio Assistente

Secretary, Deputy
[IMF-SEC]

Subsecretrio

Secretary-General
[UN]

Secretrio-Geral
[LE/PO]

Secretary's Department
[IMF]
SEC

Departamento de Secretaria

Section Chief
[IMF]

Chefe de Seo

sectorization

setorizao

sectorize

setorizar

Securities Account
[IMF]

Conta de Ttulos

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Securities and Exchange Commission
[USA]
SEC

Comisso de Valores e Bolsas
[+designao no oficial+]

securities exchange
stock exchange
stock market

bolsa de valores
bolsa

Securities Markets Program
SMP

Programa para os mercados de valores mobilirios

securitization
[BPM5; BPM6; MFSM]

securitizao
[BRA]
titularizao
[PRT]

Security Services Division
[TGS/SE]

Diviso de Servios de Segurana

security
[finance]

ttulo
valor
valor mobilirio

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seed capital
[SNA93]
start-up capital
initial capital

capital inicial
capital de arranque
[PRT]

seigniorage
[GFS 1986; IFS]

senhoriagem

selective increase in quotas

aumento seletivo das quotas

self-employed
[GFSM; SNA93]
independent labor force

trabalhadores autnomos
trabalhadores por conta prpria

self-sufficiency
[in general]
self-reliance

autonomia
independncia
auto-suficincia

self-sustained PRGF

PRGF auto-sustentado
PRGF autofinanciado

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self-sustaining
self-sustained

auto-sustentado

sell short
shorting

vender a descoberto

sellers' market

mercado vendedor
mercado de vendedores
mercado de oferta

selling exchange rate
selling rate
seller's rate
offer rate

taxa (de cmbio) de venda
cmbio de venda
preo de venda

semidurable good

bem semidurvel
[BRA]
bem semiduradouro
[PRT]

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semifinished good
semimanufacture
unfinished good

produto semi-acabado
produto semimanufaturado
produto no acabado
artigo inacabado

semiskilled labor
semiskilled manpower
semiskilled worker

mo-de-obra semi-especializada
mo-de-obra semiqualificada
operrio semi-especializado
trabalhador semiqualificado

senior auditor

auditor snior

senior creditor

credor preferencial
credor privilegiado

senior official
high official
senior officer
[IMF]

alto funcionrio
funcionrio graduado
funcionrio superior

senior staff
[IMF]

pessoal de chefia

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sensitivity analysis

anlise de sensibilidade

sequestration
[budget; FSU]

indisponibilidade (de verbas oramentrias)

service charge
[BPM5]
service fee

comisso de servio
taxa de servio
taxa de prestao de servio

service economy
tertiary economy

economia de servios
economia terciria

service provider

fornecedor de servios

set off against each other
[obligations]

compensar (obrigaes) umas com outras

set-aside account

conta de recursos reservados

set-aside amount
set-aside(s)

montante(s) reservado(s)

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settlement of commitments

liquidao de obrigaes

settlement of currency valuation adjustment

regularizao do ajuste por variao cambial

settlement of financial obligations

liquidao de obrigaes financeiras
liquidao das obrigaes financeiras

settlement risk

risco de liquidao
risco de liquidao financeira

shadow economy
gray economy
underground economy
[SNA93]

economia subterrnea

shadow exchange rate
accounting exchange rate

taxa de cmbio implcita
taxa de cmbio virtual

shadow price

preo sombra

shadow program

programa sombra

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share capital
capital stock

capital social
capital acionrio

sharing clause

clusula de repartio
clusula de repartio dos pagamentos recebidos dos devedores

shift in the adequacy of global reserves

alterao do nvel adequado de reservas globais
variao da suficincia das reservas mundiais

shift in the demand curve
shift in demand
demand shift

deslocamento da demanda
deslocamento da procura

shifting of tax burden
[tax policy]
shifting of tax

transferncia da incidncia
transferncia da carga tributria

shipment
[BPM5]

transporte
expedio
embarque
despacho

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short position

posio vendida
[BRA]
posio curta
[PRT, AFR]

short squeeze

+short squeeze+

shortfall

insuficincia
deficincia

short-term capital
[BOP]

capitais a curto prazo

short-term interest rate
short-term rate

taxa de juros de curto prazo

short-term liquidity line
SLL

linha de liquidez de curto prazo

shuttle trade

comrcio de fronteira
"comrcio de formigas"

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side letter

carta complementar

signaling

sinalizao

signature loan
unsecured loan
personal loan
character loan

emprstimo pessoal

significance level
[statistics]

nvel de significncia

single-currency pegging
single peg
single-currency link
unicurrency peg
unicurrency pegging

vinculao a uma nica moeda

single-stage tax

imposto monofsico

sinking fund
[GFS 1986]

fundo de amortizao

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size of the Fund

volume dos recursos do Fundo
dimenso do Fundo

skilled labor
skilled manpower
skilled worker

mo-de-obra especializada
mo-de-obra qualificada
operrio especializado
trabalhador qualificado

slack
[economics]

folga
margem de manobra
atonia
falta de dinamismo
fraca atividade

slippage
[policy]

derrapagem
desvio

small and medium-sized enterprises
SMEs
small and medium-size enterprises
small and medium-scale enterprises
small and medium-sized industries
SMIs

pequena e mdia empresa
PME
pequenas e mdias empresas
pequena e mdia indstria
PMI
pequenas e mdias indstrias

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small island economy

pequena economia insular

small low-income economies

pequenas economias de baixa renda
pequenas economias de baixo rendimento

Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act of 1930
Tariff Act of 1930

Lei Smoot-Hawley de 1930

smoothing

+smoothing+
alisamento
suavizao
amortecimento

social cost

custo social
custo coletivo

social infrastructure

infra-estrura social
infra-estruturas sociais

social overhead capital
overhead capital

capital social fixo
capital social bsico
infra-estrutura econmica e social

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social protection floor
SPF

piso de proteo social
PPS

social safety net
safety net
[GFSM]

rede de segurana
rede de proteo social

social surplus
net social benefit of production

supervit social

social welfare
welfare

assistncia social

soft budget constraint
SBC

restrio oramentria fraca
[BRA]

soft currency

moeda fraca

soft loan

emprstimo em condies concessionais
emprstimo concessional

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South/Central American I, II Division
[WHD/S1, S2]

Diviso da Amrica do Sul/Amrica Central I, II

Southern African Development Community
SADC

Comunidade de Desenvolvimento da frica Austral
SADC

Southern Common Market
MERCOSUR

Mercado Comum do Sul
Mercosul

Southern I, II Division
[EUR/S1, S2]

Diviso da Europa Meridional I, II

sovereign arrears

atrasados de pagamentos da dvida soberana

Sovereign Asset and Liability Management Division
[MCM/AL]

Diviso de Gesto de Ativos e Passivos Soberanos

sovereign credit

crdito soberano

sovereign debt

dvida soberana

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sovereign debt restructuring mechanism
Sovereign Debt Resolution Mechanism
SDRM

mecanismo de reestruturao da dvida soberana
SDRM

sovereign rating
[debt]

classificao soberana

sovereign risk
political risk

risco soberano

sovereign wealth fund
SWF

fundo soberano

Special Advisor to the Managing Director
[IMF-OMD]

Assessor Especial do Diretor-Geral

Special Assistant to the Deputy Managing Director
[IMF-OMB]

Assistente Especial do Subdiretor-Geral

special charges
[IMF]
additional charges

comisses especiais
comisses adicionais

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Special Contingent Account 1
First Special Contingent Account
SCA-1

Primeira Conta Especial para Contingncias
SCA-1

Special Contingent Account 2
SCA-2
Second Special Contingent Account

Segunda Conta Especial para Contingncias
SCA-2

Special Contingent Account
[BPM5]

Conta Especial para Contingncias

Special Data Dissemination Standard
[IMF-EBB]
SDDS
special standard
more demanding standard

Padro Especial para Divulgao de Dados
padro especial
padro mais rigoroso

Special Disbursement Account
SDA

Conta Especial de Desembolsos
SDA

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special drawing rights
[BPM5]
SDR
paper gold
[SDR]
special drawing right

direito especial de saque
[IMF]
DES
direito de saque especial
[PRT]
DSE
"ouro-papel"

special election
[IMF, Executive Directors]

eleio extraordinria

Special Facility for Sub-Saharan Africa
[IBRD]
SFSA
Special Facility for Africa
SFA
Africa Facility

Fundo Especial de Assistncia para a frica ao Sul do Saara
Fundo Especial de Assistncia frica

special facility
[IMF]

programa de financiamento especial

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special majority
qualified majority
supermajority

maioria especial
maioria qualificada

special meeting
[IMF, Executive Board]

reunio extraordinria

special one-time allocation of SDRs
[IMF]
one-time special SDR allocation
equity allocation of SDRs
special SDR allocation
special allocation of SDRs

alocao especial e nica de DES
alocao especial de DES

Special Program of Assistance (for the Low-Income Debt-Distressed Countries in Sub-
Saharan Africa)
[IBRD]
SPA
Special Program of Assistance (to Sub-Saharan Africa)

Programa Especial de Assistncia (aos Pases de Baixa Renda Altamente Endividados
da frica ao Sul do Saara)
SPA

special purpose vehicle
SPV
special purpose entity

sociedade de propsito especfico
SPE

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Special Representative to the EU
[IMF-EUO]

Representante Especial junto UE

Special Trade Representative/Director
[IMF-GEN]

Representante Especial para Assuntos Comerciais/Diretor

specialized agency
[UN]

organismo especializado

speculative motive
speculation motive

motivo especulao
motivo de especulao

spillover effect
spillover
spinoff effect
spillovers

efeito secundrio
repercusso

spin-off
[enterprises]

cesso de ativos

spot market
cash market

mercado vista

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spouse and child allowance
[IMF-HRD]
SCA

abono-famlia

spread effect

efeito de propagao

spread
[SNA93]

+spread+
diferencial

spreading of risks
risk spreading
risk diversification

diversificao dos riscos
distribuio do risco

spreadsheet

planilha
planilha eletrnica
folha de clculo

spurious correlation

correlao espria

Stability and Growth Pact
SGP

Pacto de Estabilidade e Crescimento
PEC

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stabilization fund
[IMF, GMBS]

fundo de estabilizao

stabilization measure

medida de estabilizao

Stabilization System for Export Earnings
[Lom Convention]
STABEX

Sistema de Estabilizao das Receitas de Exportao
STABEX

stable but adjustable par values

paridades estveis mas ajustveis

Staff Development Division
[HRD/SD]

Diviso de Desenvolvimento do Pessoal

staff estimates
[IMF]

estimativas do corpo tcnico

staff member
[IMF]

funcionrio
tcnico
membro do corpo tcnico

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staff mission
[IMF]

misso do corpo tcnico do FMI

staff projections
[IMF]

projees do corpo tcnico

staff report for the Article IV consultations
article IV report

Relatrio do Corpo Tcnico sobre as Consultas do Artigo IV

Staff Retirement Plan
[IMF]
SRP

Plano de Aposentadoria do Pessoal

staff-monitored program
SMP
Fund-monitored program

programa monitorado pelo corpo tcnico do FMI
programa monitorado pelo Fundo

stagflation

estagflao

stagnation

estagnao

stakeholder

parte interessada

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stamp tax

Imposto do Selo
[MOZ]

standard deviation

desvio padro

standard of value

padro de valor

Standards and Codes Initiative

Iniciativa sobre Normas e Cdigos

Stand-By Arrangement
[IMF]
SBA

Acordo +Stand-by+

stand-by charge
[IMF]

comisso de compromisso

Standby Credit Facility
SCF

Linha de Crdito Stand-By
SCF

Stand-By Operations Division
[SPR/ST]
SBO

Diviso de Operaes de Acordos +Stand-by+

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standing committee

comisso permanente
comit permanente

start-up cost

custo inicial
custo de instalao
custo de arranque
[PRT]

statement of account
[banking]
account statement

extrato de conta

statement of income and expenses
statement of income
income statement
profit and loss statement
income and expense statement

demonstrao do resultado
demonstrao de resultados
demonstrao de lucros e perdas
balano de resultados

Statement of Surveillance Priorities

Declarao de Prioridades da Superviso

statistical discrepancy
[statistics]

discrepncia estatstica

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statistical inference

inferncia estatstica

Statistics Department
[IMF]
STA

Departamento de Estatstica

status of the Fund

condio jurdica do Fundo

status, immunities, and privileges
[AA]

condio jurdica, imunidades e privilgios

statutory reserve
[banking; insurance]
legal reserve

reserva estatutria
reserva legal

steady state

estado estvel
+steady state+

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steering committee

comit permanente
comisso permanente
comit de direo
comit de pilotagem
[Projecto PNUD/FMI ANG/93/001]
comit de pilotagem
[PNUD, AGO, Projecto PNUD/FMI ANG/93/001]

step depreciation
discrete depreciation
one-off depreciation
discrete step depreciation

depreciao descontnua
depreciao discreta

sterilize
[funds]

esterilizar

sterilized intervention
[central banking]

interveno esterilizada

stock data
position data

dados de estoques
dados de stocks

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stock dividend
[USA]
scrip issue
[GBR]

dividendo em aes

stock index option contract

contrato de opes baseado em ndices da bolsa

stock split
[securities]
split
split-up

desdobramento de aes

stock variable

varivel de estoque
varivel de saldo

stock
[SNA93]

estoque
+stock+

stock-of-debt operation
[Paris Club; HIPC Initiative; Debt Guide, 1993]
debt stock agreement

operao de reduo do saldo da dvida
operao de reduo do capital da dvida

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stopgap measure
palliative measure

soluo temporria
medida paliativa

stop-go (policy)
stop and go

alternao rpida de medidas de expanso e contrao
"pra-arranca"

store of value

reserva de valor

straight bond

obrigao ordinria

Strategic Issues Division
[RES/SI]

Diviso de Assuntos Estratgicos

Strategic Partnership with Africa
[IBRD]
SPA

Parceria Estratgica com a frica

Strategy, Policy, and Review Department
[IMF]
SPR

Departamento de Estratgia, Polticas e Avaliao

streamlining of conditionality

racionalizao da condicionalidade

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stress test
[Debt Guide, 1993; FSIG]
stress testing
[FSAP]

teste de +stress+

strike

greve

structural adjustment credit
[IBRD]
SAC

crdito para ajustamento estrutural

Structural Adjustment Lending
[IBRD]
SAL

emprstimos para ajustamento estrutural

structural benchmark
SB

indicador de referncia estrutural

structural conditionality

condicionalidade estrutural

structural equation
[econometrics]

equao estrutural

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structural rigidity
structural inflexibility

rigidez estrutural

structural unemployment

desemprego estrutural

structured investment vehicle
SIV

veculo de investimento estruturado
SIV

student loan market

mercado de crdito educacional

stylized fact

fato estilizado

subprime mortgage crisis

crise do +subprime+
crise do crdito +subprime+

subprime mortgage market
nonprime mortgage market

mercado de hipotecas +subprime+
mercado de crdito imobilrio de alto risco
mercado +subprime+

subprime mortgage
subprime loan

hipoteca +subprime+
emprstimo imobilirio de segunda linha (+subprime+)
emprstimo +subprime+

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subprime sector

setor dos emprstimos +subprime+

sub-Saharan Africa
SSA

frica Subsaariana
frica subsariana
frica ao sul do Saara

subscriber country
[GDDS, SDDS]

pas subscritor
pas aderente

subscript

subscrito

subscription to the standard
[GDDS, SDDS]

subscrio norma
adeso norma

subscriptions of members
[IMF]

subscries dos pases membros

subsidiary enterprise
subsidiary
incorporated branch
subsidiary company

subsidiria
empresa subsidiria

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subsidy

subveno

substitute good
substitute
competitive good

bem substituto

substitution effect

efeito de substituio

successful bidder
successful tenderer

adjudicatrio
concorrente vencedor

summary accounting

contabilidade sinttica

sunset clause

clusula de expirao automtica

superscript

expoente
sobrescrito

supplement reserves, need to
[IMF]

necessidade de complementar as reservas

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Supplemental Reserve Facility
[IMF]
SRF

Programa de Financiamento de Reserva Suplementar
SRF

Supplementary Financing Facility
[IMF]
SFF

Programa de Financiamento Suplementar
SFF

supply curve

curva da oferta

supply
[SNA93]

oferta
abastecimento
fornecimento

supply-side policy

poltica de estmulo oferta
poltica de incentivos oferta

support price

preo subsidiado
preo de sustentao

support services
[IMF]

servios de apoio

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support staff
[IMF]

pessoal de apoio

suppressed inflation
repressed inflation

inflao reprimida
inflao latente

surcharge to the basic rate of charge
[IMF]

sobretaxa taxa bsica de comisso

surplus country

pas superavitrio
pas excedentrio

surveillance

superviso

Surveillance Operations Division
[SPR/SV]

Diviso de Operaes de Superviso

surveillance over exchange arrangements
[IMF]

superviso dos regimes cambiais

Surveillance Review Division
[SPR/SW]

Diviso de Exame da Superviso

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survey form
questionnaire

questionrio

suspense account
transit account
clearing account

conta transitria
conta provisria

suspicious activity report
[USA]
SAR
suspicious transaction report
[GBR]
STR

relatrio de atividade suspeita
RAS
relatrio de atividades suspeitas
relatrio de transao suspeita
relatrio de transaes suspeitas

sustainability

sustentabilidade

sustainable debt

dvida sustentvel
dvida vivel

sustainable development

desenvolvimento sustentvel
desenvolvimento vivel

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sustainable growth

crescimento sustentvel
crescimento vivel

swap arrangement
swap

+swap+
contrato a termo de troca de rentabilidade

swine flu
swine influenza
H1N1 Flu
influenza A (H1N1)
Novel influenza A (H1N1)
swine influenza A/H1N1

gripe A
gripe H1N1
Gripe A(H1N1)
[PRT]
Influenza A (H1N1)
gripe suna

swing credit

crdito recproco a descoberto

syndicate
consortium
pool

consrcio
consrcio bancrio

syndicated loan
syndicated credit

emprstimo concedido por um consrcio bancrio
crdito de consrcio

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System of National Accounts 1993
[UN]
SNA 1993

+Sistema de Contas Nacionais 1993+
+SCN 1993+

System of National Accounts
[BPM5; SNA93]
SNA

+Sistema de Contas Nacionais das Naes Unidas+
+SCN+

systematic risk
[financial sector]
market risk
undiversifiable risk
beta risk

risco sistemtico
risco de mercado

Systemic Issues and Crisis Resolution Division
[MCM/SI]

Diviso de Questes Sistmicas e Resoluo de Crises

Systemic Transformation Facility
[IMF]
STF

Programa de Financiamento para Transformao Sistmica

TAIMS
Technical Assistance Information Management System

Sistema de Gesto da Informao sobre Assistncia Tcnica

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tainted asset

ativo contaminado

takeoff
[economics]

partida
arrancada

takeover
[enterprises]

aquisio (de uma empresa por outra ou por um ou mais investidores)
incorporao (de uma empresa por outra)

tap issue
[government securities]

emisso contnua

target group

grupo beneficiado
grupo-alvo
grupo visado

target variable

varivel-meta

target zone
[exchange rates]

zona-meta
faixa-meta

tariff barrier

barreira tarifria
obstculo tarifrio

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tariff preference

preferncias tarifrias

tariff schedule

pauta aduaneira
pauta alfandegria
pauta de direitos de importao e exportao

task force

grupo de trabalho, de estudo
fora-tarefa
[militar]

Task Force on Implementation of Standards
[FSF]

grupo de trabalho sobre a aplicao das normas

tax abatement

abatimento de imposto
reduo do imposto

tax administration
[agency]
tax bureau

administrao tributria
administrao fiscal
Administrao Tributria
[MOZ]

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tax assessment
[GFSM]
assessment

lanamento
liquidao
[PRT, AFR]
determinao da matria tributvel
clculo do imposto a pagar

tax audit

auditoria fiscal
auditoria tributria

tax avoidance

eliso fiscal
evaso fiscal
evaso legal de impostos
evaso fiscal por meios lcitos

tax base

base tributria
base de tributao
base impositiva

tax bracket

escalo do imposto
escalo tributrio

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tax buoyancy
buoyancy of a tax system
buoyancy of tax revenue

elasticidade global de um sistema tributrio
capacidade de reao de um sistema tributrio

tax burden

carga fiscal
carga tributria
encargo tributrio

tax clearing certificate
tax clearance

certido negativa (de imposto)
quitao fiscal

tax collection

arrecadao de impostos
arrecadao tributria
arrecadao fiscal
cobrana de impostos

tax concession
tax benefit

benefcio fiscal

tax credit
[GFSM]
credit against (a) tax

crdito tributrio
incentivo fiscal

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tax deductible

dedutvel do imposto
dedutvel para efeitos fiscais

tax deduction

deduo fiscal

tax elasticity

elasticidade tributria

tax enforcement
enforced collection

aplicao da legislao fiscal
execuo das leis tributrias
fiscalizao do cumprimento das obrigaes tributrias

tax equity
tax fairness

eqidade tributria
tratamento tributrio justo

tax evasion

sonegao de impostos
sonegao fiscal
fraude fiscal

tax expenditure

renncia fiscal

tax haven

paraso fiscal

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tax holiday

perodo de iseno fiscal
iseno temporria de impostos

tax incentive

incentivo fiscal

tax incidence
incidence of taxation

incidncia do imposto

tax liability
[GFS 1986]

obrigao tributria
imposto a pagar
imposto devido

Tax Policy Division
[FAD/TP]

Diviso de Poltica Tributria

tax rate

alquota
[BRA]
taxa
[PRT, AFR]

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tax ratio

presso fiscal
coeficiente de tributao
coeficiente tributrio

tax refund
[GFS 1986]

restituio do imposto
devoluo do imposto

tax relief
tax break

exonerao fiscal
alvio fiscal
desagravamento fiscal

tax return

declarao de rendimentos
declarao de imposto

tax revenue
[GFSM; GFSY]
tax receipts
tax yield

receita tributria
receitas fiscais
arrecadao tributria

tax sparing credit
tax sparing

crdito por imposto em potencial
+tax sparing+

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tax wedge
fiscal wedge

cunha fiscal

tax year
[taxation]
taxable year
base year
fiscal year
FY

ano-base
ano fiscal

taxable capacity
ability to pay

capacidade contributiva

taxable event

fato gerador de imposto

taxable income

renda tributvel
rendimentos tributveis

taxation

tributao
impostos
fiscalidade
[PRT]
tributao

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taxes on corporate net wealth
[GFS 1986]

imposto sobre o patrimnio lquido das sociedades

taxes on goods and services
[GFS 1986; GFSM]

impostos sobre bens e servios

taxes on income, profits, and capital gains
[GFSM; GFSY]

impostos sobre a renda, lucros e ganhos de capital
impostos sobre rendimentos, lucros e mais-valias

taxes on personal net wealth
[GFS 1986]

impostos sobre o patrimnio lquido das pessoas fsicas

taxpayer compliance
tax compliance

cumprimento das obrigaes tributrias

taxpayer identification number
TIN
tax identification number
single tax identification number

nmero de identificao do contribuinte
nmero de identificao tributria
Nmero nico de Identificao Tributria
[MOZ]
NUIT

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taxpayer
[SNA93]

contribuinte
sujeito passivo

Technical Assistance Advisor
[IMF]
TA Advisor

Assessor de Assistncia Tcnica

Technical Assistance Secretariat
[OMD/OBP/TS]
TAS

Secretaria de Assistncia Tcnica

technical assistance
[BPM5]
TA

assistncia tcnica

Technical Memorandum of Understanding
[IMF]
TMU
technical memorandum

Memorando Tcnico de Entendimento
MTE
memorando tcnico

technical reserves

provises tcnicas
reservas tcnicas

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Technology and General Services Department
[IMF]
TGS

Departamento de Tecnologia e Servios Gerais

technology transfer
transfer of technology

transferncia de tecnologia

temporary employment
temporary occupation

emprego temporrio
trabalho temporrio

tender offer
takeover bid

oferta pblica de compra
oferta pblica de aquisio
OPA
[PRT]

term of maturity
maturity
life
term

vencimento
prazo de vencimento

term sheet

+term sheet+ (protocolo de acordo de renegociao da dvida externa)

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terms and conditions
[GFSM]

termos e condies

terms of reference
TOR

termos de referncia
mandado
instrues
atribuies
funes

terms of trade

relaes de troca
relaes de intercmbio
termos de troca
[PRT, AFR]

tested cable

telegrama com chave

thin market
narrow market
inactive market
slack market

mercado limitado
mercado restrito
mercado com pouco movimento

three-year arrangement
[ESAF, PRGF]

acordo trienal

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thrift institution
thrift

instituio de poupana

tied aid

ajuda vinculada
ajuda condicionada
ajuda ligada

tier 1 capital
capital tier one
core capital
primary capital
[EU; banking]

capital "Tier 1"
capital prprio
capital bsico

tier 2 capital
capital tier two
supplementary capital
secondary capital
[EU]

capital "Tier 2"
capital suplementar

tight labor market

escassez de oferta no mercado de trabalho

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time deposit
fixed-term deposit
certificate of deposit
[FSIG; GMBS]
CD

depsito a prazo
depsito a prazo fixo
certificado de depsito bancrio
CDB

time lag
lag

defasagem
atraso
diferena
prazo de adaptao
tempo de reao

time of recording
timing of recording

momento de registro

time path

trajetria temporal

time-based repurchase expectations
[IMF]

expectativa de recompra antecipada

timing adjustment

ajuste cronolgico

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Tobin tax
currency transactions tax
CTT

taxa Tobin
imposto Tobin

tombstone

anncio de emisso de valores

topping up
[Paris Club]

+topping-up+

total factor productivity
TFP

produtividade total dos fatores
PTF

total voting power
[IMF]

totalidade dos votos
nmero total de votos

toxic assets

ativos txicos

track record, to establish a positive
[IMF overdue financial obligations; HIPC Initiative]
proven record, to establish a

estabelecer um histrico positivo
estabelecer antecedentes positivos

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tradable goods
tradables

bens comercializveis
bens comerciveis
bens transacionveis

trade arrears

atrasados comerciais

trade credit
trade financing
commercial credit
trade loan

crdito comercial

trade currency

moeda utilizada no comrcio

trade deficit
trade gap

dficit da balana comercial

Trade Integration Mechanism
TIM

Mecanismo de Integrao Comercial
TIM

trade restriction
trade restrictive practice

restrio comercial
restrio ao comrcio

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trade sanction

sano comercial

trade statistics
trade figures

estatsticas de comrcio exterior

traded good

bem comercializado
bem comerciado
bem transacionado

trade-off

+trade-off+
correlao negativa
compensao
opo
escolha de prioridade relativa
prs e contras
vantagens e desvantagens
alternativa

trading partners
partner countries

parceiros comerciais

traditional debt relief mechanisms

mecanismos tradicionais de alvio da dvida

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tranche policy
[IMF]

poltica das parcelas

tranche position
[IMF]

posio nas parcelas

transaction arranged by the IMF
[IMF]
arranged transaction

transao organizada pelo FMI

transaction basis

na base de transaes

transaction by agreement
[IMF]

transao por acordo

transaction cost

custo de transao

transaction currency
[BPM5]

moeda de transao

transaction demand for money

demanda de moeda para transaes
demanda de moeda por motivo transao

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transaction with designation
[SDR]
designated transaction

transao com designao
transao designada

transactions account
[USA]

conta de transaes

transactions in goods, services, and income
[BPM5]

transaes em bens, servios e renda
operaes em bens, servios e rendimentos

transactor

agente
parte (numa transao)

transfer cost

custo de transferncia

transfer in kind
[BPM5]

transferncia em mercadorias
transferncia em espcie

transfer of real resources

transferncia de recursos reais

transfer payment
[GFS 1986]

transferncia

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transfer price
transfer pricing

preo de transferncia
fixao de preos de transferncia

transfer risk
[Debt Guide, 1993; External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users, 1993]

risco de transferncia

transferable security

valor mobilirio transfervel

transit trade
[BPM5; BPM6]

comrcio de trnsito
trnsito de mercadorias

transitional arrangements
[IMF]

disposies transitrias
regime transitrio

transitional provisions
[AA]

disposies transitrias

Translation Coordination Center
TCC

Centro de Coordenao de Traduo

Translation Division
[IMF-TGS/L]

Diviso de Traduo

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transparency

transparncia

treasury bill
T-bill

letra do Tesouro
bilhete do Tesouro

treasury bond
T-bond

obrigao do Tesouro

treasury note
T-note

nota do Tesouro

trend analysis

anlise tendencial

trend GDP

PIB tendencial

trend inflation
structural inflation

inflao tendencial
inflao estrutural

trend value

valor de tendncia
valor tendencial

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trial and error
ttonnement

mtodo emprico
mtodo de tentativas
tentativa e erro

triangular trade

comrcio triangular

Triennial Surveillance Review
TSR

exame trienal da superviso

trigger price

preo de interveno

trillion
[IMF-IBRD; USA]

trilho
[BRA]
um milho de milhes
[PRT]
bilio
[PRT]

trough

ponto mnimo (do ciclo)

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troy ounce of fine gold
fine troy ounce
fine ounce

ona +troy+ de ouro fino

Trust Account
[IMF-ESAF]
fiduciary account

Conta Fiduciria

Trust for Special ESAF Operations for the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries and Interim
ESAF Subsidy Operations
[IMF]
ESAF-HIPC Trust
[IMF]

Fundo para Operaes Especiais do ESAF a favor dos Pases Pobres Muito
Endividados e para Operaes de Subveno do ESAF Transitrio
Fundo ESAF-HIPC

Trust Fund Instrument
[IMF]

instrumento de criao do Fundo Fiducirio

Trust Fund
[IMF]

Fundo Fiducirio

trustee

fiducirio
administrador
curador

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turning point
turnaround
change point

ponto de retorno
ponto de inverso

turnover tax

imposto de transaes
imposto de circulao de mercadorias
imposto sobre o volume de negcios

turnover
sales

faturamento
movimento (comercial)
volume de negcios
volume de vendas
giro

two-tailed test
[statistics]
two-sided test

teste bilateral

two-tier banking system

sistema bancrio de dois nveis

two-tier market

mercado duplo

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two-way breakdown

desdobramento duplo

Umbrella Account for HIPC Operations
[ESAF-HIPC]

Conta Geral para Operaes HIPC

unbiased estimator
[statistics]

estimador no viesado
estimador no tendencioso
estimador no enviesado

unchallengeable use
[SDR]

uso incontestvel

uncommitted resources

recursos no comprometidos

unconditional liquidity

liquidez incondicional

undeclared employment
unreported employment

emprego no declarado

underdeveloped country
UDC

pas subdesenvolvido

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underemployment
[SNA93]

subemprego

underinvestment

subinverso
investimento insuficiente

underinvoicing
[SNA93]

subfaturamento

underlying deficit
structural deficit

dficit estrutural
dficit subjacente

underrepresented countries

pases sub-representados

undershooting

+undershooting+
[BRA]
resultado aqum do esperado
correo insuficiente
insuficincia do ajuste

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underwriting syndicate
underwriting consortium
underwriting group
underwriting pool
issue syndicate
underwriters

sindicato de subscrio (de ttulos)
abonador

underwriting
[securities]

tomada firme
subscrio

undisbursed debt

crditos no desembolsados

undrawn balance

saldo no desembolsado
saldo no utilizado

unearned income

renda no proveniente do trabalho
renda no derivada da prestao de servio

uneconomic
[SNA93]

antieconmico

uneconomical

antieconmico

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unemployed
[SNA93]

desempregados

unemployment benefit
unemployment compensation

indenizao de desemprego
indenizao de seguro-desemprego
subsdio de desemprego
[Portugal]

unemployment
[GFSM; SNA93]

desemprego

unenforceable

inexecutvel
no executrio

unfair competition

concorrncia desleal

unfair competitive advantage

vantagem competitiva desleal

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unfunded employee social benefits
[SNA93]
unfunded social benefits
unfunded benefits
[SNA93]

prestaes sociais diretas
prestaes sociais sem constituio de fundos

unincorporated enterprise
unincorporated business

empresa no constituda em sociedade
empresa em nome individual
[PRT]

unincorporated public enterprise
unincorporated government enterprise

empresa pblica no constituda em sociedade

unit elasticity
unitary elasticity

elasticidade unitria

unit labor cost

custo unitrio do trabalho
custo unitrio da mo-de-obra
custo do trabalho por unidade produzida

unit labor cost-based real effective exchange rate
ULC-based real effective exchange rate

taxa de cmbio efetiva real baseada no custo unitrio do trabalho

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unit of output
unit produced

unidade de produto
unidade produzida
unidade de produo

unit of value

unidade de valor

unit value

valor unitrio

United Arab Emirates (the)
[IMF]
United Arab Emirates (the)
[IMF]

Emirados rabes Unidos (os)
Emirados rabes Unidos (os)

United Nations Commission on International Trade Law
UNCITRAL

Comisso das Naes Unidas para o Direito Comercial Internacional
UNCITRAL

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNCTAD

Conferncia das Naes Unidas sobre Comrcio e Desenvolvimento
UNCTAD

United Nations Development Programme
UNDP

Programa das Naes Unidas para o Desenvolvimento
PNUD

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United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference
[IMF-IBRD]
Bretton Woods Conference

Conferncia Monetria e Financeira das Naes Unidas
Conferncia de Bretton Woods

United Nations Population Fund
UNFPA

Fundo de Populao das Naes Unidas
UNFPA

United Nations
UN

Organizao das Naes Unidas
ONU
Naes Unidas

unlisted security
unquoted security

valor mobilirio no cotado em bolsa
ttulo no cotado em bolsa
valor no cotado oficialmente

unpeg the rate

desvincular a taxa de cmbio
deixar flutuar a taxa de cmbio

unremitted earnings
[BPM5]

lucros no repatriados

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unremunerated reserve tranche position
[IMF]

posio no remunerada na parcela de reserva

unrequited payment

pagamento sem contrapartida

unrequited transaction

transao unilateral

unrequited transfer

transferncia unilateral
transferncia sem contrapartida

unskilled labor
unskilled manpower
unskilled worker

mo-de-obra no especializada
operrio no especializado
trabalhador no qualificado

unsoundness

fragilidade

untapped resource

recurso inaproveitado
recurso inexplorado

untied aid

ajuda no vinculada
ajuda desligada

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untying of aid

desvinculao da ajuda

upgrading

reclassificao (em categoria superior)

upper credit tranches
[IMF]

parcelas superiores de crdito

upside risk

probabilidade de materializao de projees otimistas
probabilidade de os resultados superarem as projees

upturn
upswing
upsurge

recuperao
reativao
retomada da atividade econmica
melhoria da conjuntura econmica
fase ascendente
fase de expanso

upward adjustment

ajuste para cima
correo para mais
reviso para mais

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upward bias
[CPI]
positive bias

vis alta
vis ascendente
tendenciosidade ascendente

upward trend
rising trend
uptrend

tendncia alta
tendncia ascendente

upward-sloping curve

curva ascendente

Uruguay Round (of Multilateral Trade Negotiations)
[GATT]

Rodada Uruguai (de Negociaes Comerciais Multilaterais)

usable national currency

moeda nacional utilizvel

use of Fund credit
use of IMF credit

uso do crdito do FMI
utilizao do crdito do FMI
recurso ao crdito do FMI

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use of IMF resources
[IMF]
use of Fund resources
UFR

uso dos recursos do FMI
uso dos recursos do Fundo

user cost

custo de utilizao

user fee
user charge

taxa de uso
taxa de usurio

vacancy
job vacancy
opening
job opening

vaga
vaga no preenchida

valuation

valorao
valorimetria
avaliao

valuation basis

base de valorao
base de avaliao

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value added in manufacturing

valor acrescentado na indstria de transformao

value date
[IMF]

data-valor
data de valor

value index

ndice de valor

value-added deflator

deflator do valor adicionado
deflacionador do valor acrescentado

value-added tax
VAT

imposto sobre o valor adicionado
IVA
imposto sobre o valor acrescentado

value-at-risk model
VaR

modelo VAR

variability

variabilidade

variance
[statistics]

varincia

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vault cash
cash in vault

caixa
moeda em caixa-forte
reservas em efetivo

velocity of circulation
velocity of money

velocidade de circulao da moeda
velocidade de circulao
velocidade da moeda

venture capital
risk capital

capital de risco

volatile capital

capitais volteis
capital voltil

volatility

volatilidade

volume index

ndice de volume
ndice de quantidade

voluntary contribution account
[IMF arrears; debt reduction]

conta de contribuies voluntrias

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voluntary departure program
voluntary departure scheme

programa de demisso voluntria
PDV

voluntary export restraint
VER

conteno voluntria das exportaes
limitao voluntria das exportaes

voluntary repayment
[IMF]

reembolso voluntrio

voluntary separation

demisso voluntria
renncia

vote by proxy
[IMF]

voto por procurao

voting power
[IMF]

nmero de votos
porcentagem do total de votos

voting without meeting

votao sem reunio
votao sem convocao de reunio

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vulnerabilities
[surveillance]

vulnerabilidades

vulnerability assessment

avaliao da vulnerabilidade

vulnerability indicator

indicador de vulnerabilidade

vulture fund
[debt restructuring]

fundo abutre

wage bill
payroll

massa salarial
custos salariais

wage cost(s)
payroll cost(s)

custo salarial
custo do fator trabalho

wage differential

diferencial de salrios

wage drift
wage creep

desvio salarial

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wage earner

assalariado

wage equalization

equiparao dos salrios

wage rate
wage

salrio
ordenado
remunerao

wage restraint
wage moderation

moderao salarial
moderao dos aumentos salariais

waive

desistir de
renunciar a
isentar de
eximir de
prescindir de

waiver

dispensa (do cumprimento de metas)
derrogao
renncia de direitos
abandono
clusula derrogatria

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warning signal
warning sign

sinal de alerta
sinal de advertncia

wealth effect

efeito riqueza
efeito de riqueza

wealth tax
[BPM5]
tax on wealth
[SNA93]

imposto sobre o patrimnio

wealth
[BPM5; GFSM; SNA93]

riqueza
patrimnio

weighted voting system

sistema de votao ponderada

weighting pattern

estrutura de ponderao

welfare economics

economia do bem-estar social
economia do bem-estar

welfare state

Estado de bem-estar social

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welfare
well-being

bem-estar

WEO exercise

estudos sobre as perspectivas da economia mundial

West Africa Monetary Zone
[IBRD]
WAMZ

Zona Monetria da frica Ocidental
ZMAO

West Africa Regional Technical Assistance Center
West AFRITAC

AFRITAC Ocidental

West African Development Bank
WADB

Banco de Desenvolvimento da frica Ocidental
BOAD

West African Division I, II
[AFR/WB, WF]

Diviso da frica Ocidental I, II

West African Economic and Monetary Union
WAEMU

Unio Econmica e Monetria Oeste-Africana
UEMOA

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West African Economic Community
WAEC
CEAO

Comunidade Econmica da frica Ocidental
CEAO

West African Institute for Financial and Economic Management
WAIFEM

Instituto de Gesto Econmica e Financeira da frica Ocidental
WAIFEM

West African Monetary Agency
WAMA

Agncia Monetria da frica Ocidental
AMAO

West African Monetary Union
WAMU

Unio Monetria da frica Ocidental
UMOA

Western Division
[EUR/WE]

Diviso da Europa Ocidental

Western Hemisphere Department
[IMF]
WHD

Departamento do Hemisfrio Ocidental

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wholesale price index
WPI

ndice de preos por atacado
[BRA]
IPA
ndice de preos por grosso
[PRT, AFR]

wholly owned subsidiary
fully owned subsidiary

subsidiria integral

windfall profit

lucro eventual
lucro inesperado
lucro fortuito

wire transfer

transferncia eletrnica
transferncia bancria internacional
transferncia telegrfica
+wire transfer+

withdrawal from membership
[IMF]

retirada (de um pas membro)

withholding tax

imposto retido na fonte
desconto do imposto na fonte

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work program

programa de trabalho

workers' remittances
[BPM5; BPM6]

remessas de trabalhadores

Working Group on Capital Flows
[FSF]

grupo de trabalho (do FSF) sobre fluxos de capitais

Working Group on IMF Corporate Governance

Grupo de Trabalho sobre a Governana Corporativa do FMI

Working Group on Offshore Financial Centers
[FSF]

grupo de trabalho (do FSF) sobre centros financeiros +offshore+

working group
working party

grupo de trabalho

working hypothesis

hiptese de trabalho

working life

vida economicamente ativa
vida ativa

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working paper

documento de trabalho

working-age population

populao em idade ativa
PIA

workshop

+workshop+
oficina

World Bank
[World Bank Group]
WB

Banco Mundial

World Development Report
[World Bank]
WDR

+Relatrio sobre o Desenvolvimento Mundial+

World Economic Studies Division
[RES/WO]

Diviso de Estudos Econmicos Internacionais

World Food Programme
[UN-FAO]
WFP

Programa Alimentar Mundial
PAM

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World Health Organization
WHO

Organizao Mundial da Sade
OMS

World Intellectual Property Organization
WIPO

Organizao Mundial de Propriedade Intelectual
OMPI

world market price
world price

preo mundial
cotao mundial

World Trade Organization
WTO

Organizao Mundial do Comrcio
OMC

worse-policies scenario
[WEO]
worst-policies scenario
pessimistic scenario

cenrio baseado nas polticas mais desfavorveis
cenrio pessimista
pior cenrio

write down (an asset)

dar baixa parcial
passar parcialmente para lucros e perdas
reduzir o valor contbil
amortizar parcialmente

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write off (an asset)
charge off

dar baixa
dar baixa nos livros
dar baixa no ativo
cancelar
passar para lucros e perdas

write-down

baixa parcial

yearly rate

taxa anual

year-to-year basis, on a
year-on-year basis, on a
y/y

em base homloga
[PRT]

yield

rentabilidade
rendimento
produto

yield curve
term structure of interest rates
interest rate structure
term structure

curva de rendimentos
curva de rentabilidade
estrutura das taxas de juros

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yield to maturity
YTM
redemption yield

rendimento ao vencimento

zero base budget
[IMF]
ZBB
zero-based review

oramento base zero
OBZ

zero growth

crescimento zero
crescimento nulo

zero saving

poupana zero
poupana nula

zero-coupon bond

obrigao de cupom zero
obrigao sem cupom

zero-sum game

jogo de soma nula
jogo soma-zero