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16 ECOTHERM Steam Solutions

Feed Water Tanks & Deaerators


Description
The feedwater deaerating plant, consisting of the feedwater
tank and the deaerator, removes dissolved gases such as
oxygen, carbon dioxide and other non-condensable gases
from boiler feedwater and makeup water.
For the operation of steam boilers with high thermal load
on the heating surfaces boiler feedwater must be treated
and conditioned.
The boiler feedwater must be free of hardening constituents
in order to prevent the formation of scale on the boiler heating
surfaces. The presence of dissolved oxygen and carbon
dioxide causes severe corrosion of metal boiler parts. The
feedwater deaerating plant is custom designed for each
application and meets essential thermo dynamic requirements
to achieve optimal performance.
Function
The make-up water and return condensate enters the
deaerator that is ftted with a series of tray compartments
to provide maximum spilling. Heating steam is fed into the
deaerator from below. The make-up water and return con-
densate are deaerated and fow directly into the feedwater
tank, which is fanged to the deaerator. The feedwater tank,
which is heated by means of a steam injector, heats up the
feedwater to 105C.
The solubility of gases in water can be described by Henry
Daltons law of absorption which states that gas solubility in
a solution decreases as the gas partial pressure above the
solution decreases. This means that the gas solubility in a
solution decreases as the temperature of the solution rises
and approaches saturation temperature.
The make-up water and return condensate is distributed
over the series of trays and comes in direct contact with
the heating steam. This process reduces the solubility of
oxygen and carbon dioxide and removes these gases from
the feedwater. The released gases work their way to the
top of the vessel where they are vented from the deaerator
via the vent line.
A temperature-controlled heating system for warming up a
cold feedwater tank is provided.
Due to the fact that the feedwater temperature is above
100C enough net positive suction head (NPSH) is required
to ensure that the weight of the column of water in the line
exerts enough pressure at the feed water pump suction to
prevent the formation of steam bubbles and therefore the
water from cavitating. Therefore a support construction is
required.
Benefts:
Sizes from 200 to 20,000 litres
Pressureless or pressurized
Materials: mild steel, stainless steel
AISI 304 / 316
Completely preassembled unit
All valves, pumps, instruments are
custom-designed according to
steam boiler system
Find technical specifcations
on pages 60 - 61.
Products: Feed Water Tanks
FLASH STEAM HEAT
RECOVERY (OPTIONAL)
DISCHARGING AIR
AND OXYGEN TO
VENT out of building
VENT PIPE OUT
OF BUILDING
OVERFLOW TO DRAIN
FEED WATER
RETURN (OPTIONAL)
FEED WATER TANK
BOILER
FEED
WATER
DRAIN
PRE-HEATING
TEMPERATURE
REGULATION
DEGASIFICATION
PRESSURE
REGULATION
LEVEL
CONTROL
CONDENSATE RETURN
PRESSURE REDUCING STATION
(OPTIONAL)
DRAIN
OPERATING PRESSURE
MAKE-UP WATER
0.2 - 0.3 bar (105C)
SAMPLE
WATER
CONDENSATE RETURN
FROM STEAM
BOILER
PRESSURIZED FEED WATER TANK
TI TS
TS
1
2
3
4 5 6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
8
17 ECOTHERM Steam Solutions
1 Feed Water Tank: preparing feed water for steam
boilers, collecting condensate, adding chemicals,
pre-heating of feed water.
2 Pressurized Deaerator: removing oxygen and
other gases, injection for fresh softened water,
pressure control
3 Level Control: to keep a constant water level in
the tank a level control system is required. Also
protection against low and high water is installed.
4 Drain: for draining of the tank
5 Boiler feed water: feed water supply connection to
feed water pumps and boilers
6 Sample water: connection to feed water sample
cooler. Water quality needs to be checked daily
7 Pre-heating of feed water to protect the boiler
against too high temperature differences and heat
tensions, feed water needs to be pre-heated by
steam injection.
8 Condensate return: collecting the condensate
from different consumers, e. g. steam pipe draining
points, heat exchangers, laundry machines.
9 Pressure reducing station to provide exact
needed pressure for pre-heating and degasifcation,
steam pressure can be adjusted by pressure
reducing station
10 Degasifcation pressure regulation for removal
of different gases from the feed water, a steam
injection in deaerator is necessary. This injection
should keep a constant tank pressure of about
0.3 bar(g) for optimal degasifcation
11 Discharging air and oxygen vent (out of
building) removing port of waste gases. also
a vapour heat exchanger (fash steam) can be
installed on this port. (17)
12 Safety valve high pressure protection valve
opens when pressure increases.
13 Feed water return (optional): in big boiler systems
a 3-way valve control for feeding of steam boilers
is proposed. In case of low load feed water will be
returned to feed tank.
14 Vacuum breaker: protection against negative
pressure
15 Overfow: protection against high water
16 Manhole / handhole: will be provided for easy
inspection and cleaning
17 Flash Steam (Vapour): heat exchanger uses the
waste energy to heat up make-up water before
entering the deaerator
Products: Feed Water Tanks
L2
N10 N9
N11
N16
N6
N17
N5 N3 N4 N1 N12 N18
N7
N7
N2 N13
L1
L
H
D
60 ECOTHERM Steam Solutions
Feed Water Tanks
Sizing in accordance to customer requirements
Subject to change without change
Type ESWB 1 2 3 4 6 8 10 15 20
Volume [m
3
] 1 2 3 4 6 8 10 16 20
D [mm] 800 1,100 1,200 1,350 1,500 1,550 1,650 2,100 2,200
L [mm] 1,500 1,750 2,250 2,500 3,000 4,000 4,000 4,000 5,000
L1 [mm] 1,900 2,200 2,900 3,100 3,600 4,600 5,000 5,100 6,200
L2 [mm] 800 1,200 1,200 1,300 1,500 2,000 2,100 2,000 2,500
H [mm] 1,100 1,500 1,600 1,750 1,900 2,000 2,000 2,500 2,600
Inspection Flange DN 200, PN 6 400, PN 6 500, PN 6
Pressure sensor N2 G if required
Safety valve N3 DN sizing in accordance with required heating capacity
Vacuum breaker N4 DN sizing in accordance with required heating capacity
Deaerator dome N5 DN 250 350 350 450 550 550 650 800 1000
Overfow N6 DN sizing in accordance with fowrate
Water level N7 DN 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
Feedwater N9 DN 32 40 50 65 80 100 100 150 150
Drain N10 DN 25 25 32 32 32 40 40 50 50
Heating steam inlet N11 DN sizing in accordance with required heating capacity
Stand-by N12 DN 40 40 50 50 50 80 80 80 80
Thermometer N13 G 1/2
Thermostat N16 G sizing in accordance with required mechanical heating-up controller
Heating steam inlet N17 DN sizing in accordance with required heating capacity
condensate N18 DN 25 40 40 50 50 65 65 80 80
Technical Specifcations
Material: Mild Steel (P235GH)
Stainless Steel
(AISI 304 / 316 / DUPLEX)
Function: preparation of feed water
for steam boiler
Pre-heating, deaeration,
chemical adding,
condensate recovery
Design: Horizontal Feed Water tank
pressureless without
deaerator (smaller plants)
Horizontal Feed Water tank
pressurized with vertical
trickling deaerator
(bigger plants)
Conditions: Max. operating pressure
0.5 bars, test pressure 2 bars
Max. operating temperature 120C
Flange Standards: acc. to DIN-EN 1092-1, PN6 / 16 / 40
Standards: The product fully complies with the requirements of the European Pressure
Directive 97 / 23 / EC and carries the CE mark when so required.
Certifcation: acc. to EN 10204 certifable as standard and certifcates are available on request.
Note: All certifcation / inspection requirements must be stated at the time of order replacement
D
H
N1
N2
N3
N5
N4
61 ECOTHERM Steam Solutions
Type EDD 250 350 450 550 650 800 1000
Deaerator Capacity [m
3
/h] 0.5-1.6 1.7-3.0 3.1-5.0 5.1-8.0 8.1-11.0 11.1-15.0 15.1-20.0
D [mm] 250 350 450 550 650 800 1000
H [mm] 1150 1250 1300 1300 1800 1800 2000
Gas vent N1 DN 15 20 25 32 32 40 50
Condensate inlet N2 DN 25 40 40 65 80 100 125
Make-up water inlet N3 DN 15 20 25 32 40 40 50
Pressure gauge connection N4 G 1/2
Sensing line N5 G 1/2
Technical Specifcations
Material: Stainless Steel (AISI 316 / DUPLEX)
Function: preparation of feed water for steam boiler
Deaeration of fresh water and condensate, removal of gases.
Design: Pressurized vertical trickling deaerator
Conditions: Max. operating pressure 0.5 bars, test pressure 2 bars
Max. operating temperature 120C
Flange Standards: acc. to DIN-EN 1092-1, PN6 / 16 / 40
Standards: The product fully complies with the requirements of the European Pressure
Equipment Directive 97 / 23 / EC and carries the CE mark when so required.
Certifcation: acc. to EN 10204 certifable as standard and certifcates are available
on request.
Note: All certifcation / inspection requirements must be stated at the time
of order replacement
Deaerators
Sizing in accordance to customer requirements
Subject to change without change