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Total Design Solutions

For Oilfield And Gas Gathering Systems


TM
POLYPIPE

:
THE SINGLE
SOURCE FOR
TOTAL
SYSTEM
SOLUTIONS
Moving fluids
through pipe in
the oil field demands the
utmost in flexibility, reliability
and performance. Thats why
PolyPipe is your best
choice for the energy
business. Our HDPE (high
density polyethylene) piping
provides superior flow
characteristics, extended life
and durability and reduced
maintenance than traditional
piping materials, anywhere in
the oilpatch.
We offer a wide selection of
pipe, fittings and valves as a
single source, to meet your
needs for any oil field
application. As a leader in the
pressure rated pipe industry,
PolyPipe features network
of sales offices and
distribution centers across the
U.S. and around the world.
Our six U.S. manufacturing
facilities are regionally located
to assure timely, accurate
delivery to any location you
require.
PROVEN PE PRODUCTS
IN THE PATCH
PolyPipe designs products
products specifically for the
oil and gas industry. From gas
gathering, crude transmission,
water lines and auxiliary lines,
only select high grade resins are
used by PolyPipe.
PE3408 - Extra High Molecular
Weight (EHMW) Black Pipe
A premium quality, high density,
extra high molecular weight,
polyethylene pipe specifically
designed for the rigors of the oil
field. It is produced from PE
3408 resin containing not less
than two percent (2%) carbon
black for superior resistance to
UV degradation. This black
pipe offers outstanding
environmental stress crack
resistance, the best chemical
Typical Application
Gas gathering
Crude oil flow
Water flood
Saltwater disposal
Supply water
Fuel transfer
Main lines
resistance of any polyethylene
pipe and high impact
resistance. PolyPipe
PE pipe is tough enough
to easily handle pressure
fluctuation and line surges. Pipe
diameters range from 1/2" - 6"
coiled and 1/2"-54" straight lengths.
Time Saver

Valves & Fittings


PolyPipe is also one of the
worlds largest manufacturers
of PE valves and fittings.
We offer the added capability to
fabricate a multitude of custom
fittings and specialty items ranging
from 2" to 54". Custom orders
can be produced to customer
specifications utilizing CAD
design systems, in both
pressure and non-pressure
configurations. Time Saver

PE
butterfly valves are designed to
be butt-fused, thus eliminating
the need for troublesome flange
adapters, spacers or gaskets.
DESIGN PRESSURE RATING
The pressure rating of
PolyPipe is determined
in accordance with the PPI
recommended hydrostatic
design basis for the material,
the physical dimensions of the
pipe, and the appropriate design
and service factors. Pressure
design calculations are based
on the following formula which
relates the stress on the pipe
wall to internal pressure.
2S
x DF x F P =
(SDR-1)
S = long term hydrostatic
strength, (psi) (1600
psi for PolyPipe
PE 3408)
P = internal pressure. (psi)
SDR = standard dimensional
ratio, (D/t)
D = outside diameter,
(inch)
t = minimum wall thick-
ness, (inch)
DF = design factor, (0.50)
F = service factor
THERMAL EXPANSION
Polyethylene, like other plastics,
has a thermal coefficient of
expansion higher than metals.
The value for polyethylene is
about 1.0 x 10
-4
in/in/
O
F. Conse-
quently, allowance for thermal
expansion and contraction in
service should be made during
installation of the pipe. A general
rule is 1 inch per 100 feet of pipe
per 1
0
F change in temperature.
In short runs, changes in direc-
tion of the pipeline will often give
sufficient allowance for stresses
arising from changes in tempera-
ture.
Service Factor to be applied to design
pressure rating for water when trans-
porting other substances:
Substance Service Factor
Water 1.0
Dry Natural Gas 1.0
Crude Oil 0.5
Wet Natural Gas 0.5
Federally Regulated
Dry Natural Gas 0.4
Internal Pressure Ratings (psi) for PolyPipe PE3408 High Density
Polyethylene Pipe at Various Temperatures and Time in Service for Water
TEMP Time In
STANDARD DIMENSIONAL RATIO (SDR)
Service
(
O
F) (years) 7.3 9 11 13.5 15.5 17 21 26 32.5
1 350 275 220 175 150 135 110 85 70
5 310 245 195 155 135 120 95 80 60
50 10 295 230 185 145 125 115 90 75 55
20 280 220 175 140 120 110 85 70 55
50 270 210 170 135 115 105 85 65 50
1 315 250 200 160 135 125 100 80 60
5 285 225 180 140 120 110 90 70 55
75 10 270 210 170 135 115 105 85 65 50
20 260 205 165 130 110 100 80 60 50
73.4 50 255 200 160 130 110 100 80 65 50
1 270 210 170 135 115 105 85 65 50
5 250 200 160 125 110 100 80 60 50
100 10 235 185 150 120 100 90 75 60 45
20 220 175 140 110 95 85 70 55 40
50 215 170 135 110 95 85 65 55 40
1 230 180 1,45 115 100 90 70 55 45
5 210 165 135 105 90 80 65 50 40
125 10 195 155 125 110 85 75 60 50 40
20 190 150 120 95 80 75 60 45 35
50 180 140 115 90 75 70 55 45 35
1 195 155 125 100 85 75 60 50 40
5 175 135 110 85 75 65 55 40 35
150 10 155 125 110 80 65 60 50 40 30
20 150 115 95 75 65 60 45 35 30
50 125 100 80 60 55 50 40 30 25
*Note: Time in service estimates are based solely on the long-term hydrostatic strength of the pipe. Specific operating and environmental conditions
must be taken into account for design life consideration.
Service Conditions
Pressure ratings may need to
be adjusted to compensate for
the effect of substances other
than water.
The following table from API
Specifications 15LE recom-
mends maximum operating
pressures for crude oil and
natural gas.
Polyethylene Pressure Rating
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure (psig) at 73.4
0
F (23
0
C) (Note 3)
Nominal Schedule Outside Minimun Water Crude Natural Gas
Size or Diameter Wall Thickness HDS 630 HDS 800 HDS 630 HDS 800 HDS 630 HDS 800
(inches) SDR (inches) (inches)
SDR 21 0.840 0.062 100 130 50 65 64 83
SDR 17 0,062 100 130 50 65 64 83
1/2 SDR 13.5 0.062 100 130 50 65 64 83
SDR 11 0.076 125 160 60 80 80 100
SDR 9 0.093 160 200 80 100 100 100
SDR 7.3 0.115 200 255 100 125 100 100
SDR 21 1.050 0.062 80 100 40 50 51 64
SDR 17 0.062 80 100 40 50 51 64
3/4 SDR 13,5 0.078 100 125 50 60 64 83
SDR 11 0.095 125 160 60 80 80 100
SDR 9 0.117 160 200 80 100 100 100
SDR 7.3 0.144 200 255 100 125 100 100
SDR 21 1.315 0.062 60 80 30 40 38 51
SDR 17 0.077 80 100 40 50 51 64
1 SDR 13.5 0.097 100 125 50 60 64 83
SDR 11 0.119 125 160 60 80 80 100
SDR 9 0.146 160 200 80 100 100 100
SDR 7.3 0.180 200 255 100 125 100 100
SDR 11 60 80 30 40 38 51
SDR 17 80 100 40 50 51 64
1 1/4 SDR 13.5 100 125 50 60 64 83
through SDR 11 See Table 3 125 160 60 80 80 100
5 SDR 9 in API 15LE 160 200 80 100 100 100
SDR 7.3 200 255 100 125 100 100
SDR 32.5 40 50 20 25 25 30
SDR 26 50 64 25 30 30 40
SDR 21 60 80 30 40 40 50
6 SDR 17 80 100 40 50 50 65
through SDR 15.5 85 105 45 60 60 70
54 SDR 13.5 100 130 50 65 65 80
SDR 11 125 160 60 80 80 100
SDR 9 455 200 80 100 100 100
SDR 7.3 200 255 100 125 100 100
SDR 7 210 265 105 135 100 100
NOTES:
(1) Columns 5 through 8 have been rounded to the nearest five (5) psig.
(2) A service factor 0.25 was used to calculate a pressure rating for crude oil and is suggested if more precise data is not available.
(3) Columns 9 and 10 were calculated based of federal regulations with 100 psig the maximum allowable pressure for plastic pipe. Currently there is
no provision in the code for the higher pressure ratings afforded by the PE3408 resins. For more information see Department of Transportation,
Hazardous Materials Registration Board, Title 49, Part 192, Transportation of Natural Gas by Pipeline Minimum Federal Safety Standards. Federal
Register, Volume 35, No. 161, Wednesday, August 19, 1970 and amendments.
(4) HDS 630 refers to those resins with a 630 psi Hydrostatic Design Stress, i.e., PE2406. HDS 800 refers to those resins with a 800 psi Hydrostatic
Design Stress, i.e., PE3408.
POLYPIPE:
THE ADVANTAGE IN THE FIELD
Cost Effective Significant cost
savings should be expected
over traditional pipe materials
(steel, fiberglass, PVC) within
the same design parameter.
Savings accrue both on initial
product cost and by improved
installation efficiency.
Chemical and Abrasion Re-
sistant PolyPipe is
extremely resistant to most
chemicals and corrosive
elements. Its also extremely
tough and resistant to abrasive
elements and stress cracking.
Superior Flow Characteristics
With a C factor of 150 by the
Hazen-Williams equation, our
pipe offers an exceptionally
smooth inner surface, and heat-
fused joints offer little drag or
resistance within the pipe. In
some situations, clients may be
able to down-size the pipe and
maintain a comparable flow rate
of larger traditional piping.
Flexibility and Resiliency
PolyPipe can bend to a
radius of 20 times the pipe
diameter allowing pipe to bend
around obstructions without
splicing or special fittings.
Weatherability HDPE 3408
Black PolyPipe is designed
to withstand extended
outdoor storage and above-
ground use in most climates.
Black PE pipe has a minimum
of 2% finely dispersed carbon
black; the most effective addi-
tive for protecting polyethylene
from the effects of weathering.
Ease of Handling and Installa-
tion Lightweight PolyPipe
weighs less than one
fourth of comparable steel pipe.
Significant savings can
be realized in transportation,
handling and installation. Pipe
diameters up to 4" can be coiled
for ease of handling and storing.
PolyPipe is quickly and
easily joined and installed
by using the heat fusion
method or special polyethylene
mechanical fittings. Heat fusion
produces a solid, leak-proof
joint as strong as the pipe itself
WATER HAMMER AND
PRESSURE SURGE:
POLYPIPE CAN TAKE IT!
The momentum, or inertia, of a
moving column of liquid has
inherent characteristics that
must be dealt with in a piping
system. When liquid flow is
stopped suddenly, as by a quick
closing valve, the inertia is
converted into a shock wave or
high pressure surge. The faster
the liquid velocity and the longer
the line, the greater the shock
load. Controlled dissipation of
this energy is a design feature
and significant advantage of the
polyethylene pipe from
Polypipe. See the PolyPipe
Design and Engineering
Guide for more information.
LIQUID FLOW IN
POLYPIPE
For liquid flow, PolyPipe
recommends the Hazen-Will-
iams equation. The constant for
the pipe roughness factor is
155. Thus, the equation for
liquid flow would be:
HAZEN-WILLIAMS
LIQUID FLOW EQUATION:
,P
f
=
453 x Q
1.85

C
1.85
x d
4.86
,P
f
= friction pressure
loss per 100 feet
of pipe, (psi)
Q = flow rate (gpm)
d = inside diameter
of pipe (inches)
GAS FLOW CURVES FOR
POLYPIPE
The flow formula for smooth
pipe should be used to compute
the gas flow rate through
PolyPipe. It has been found
that the Mueller formula for
smooth wall pipe describes the
flow characteristics of PolyPipe.
MUELLERS FORMULA
FOR GAS FLOW IS:
F =
2826
x
P
1
2
- P
2
2
F x d
2.725

G
0.425
L
Q = gas flow rate (std.
cu. ft. per hour)
G = specific gravity
(air = 1.0)
P
1
= pipe inlet pres-
sure (psia)
P
2
= pipe outlet pres-
sure (psia)
L = length of pipe (in
feet)
d = pipe internal
diameter (inches)
A-1003 CD
Rev. 2/00
Gainesville Office & Plant
2706 N. 1-35 (76240)
Gainesville, TX 76240
(940) 665-1721
(800) 433-5632
Fax: (940) 668-2704
Fernley Plant
230 Lyon Dr.
Fernley, NV 89408
(775) 575-5454
Fax: (775) 575-6960
Erwin Plant
P.O. Box 199
1050 Industrial Dr., So.
Erwin, TN 37650
(423) 743-9116
Fax: (423) 743-8419
Sandersville Plant
P.O. Box 784
995 Waco Mill Road
Sandersville, GA 31082
(912) 553-0576
Fax: (912) 553-0579
Roaring Springs Plant
P.O. Box 298
11000 Hwy. 70 South
Roaring Springs, TX 79256
(806) 348-7551
Fax: (806) 348-7905
Kimball Plant
P.O. Box 339
FKI Site, Hwy. 30, E.
Kimball, NE 69145
(308) 235-4828
Fax: (308) 235-2938
1997 PolyPipe, a business unit of Rinker Materials Pipe & Concrete Products Division
P.O. Box 390
Gainesville, TX 76241-0390
(940) 665-1721
(800) 433-5632
Fax: (940) 668-8612
Sales Fax (940) 668-2704
TM