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UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE GOIS

INSTITUTO DE CINCIAS BIOLGICAS


DEPARTAMENTO DE MORFOLOGIA
ANATOMIA HUMANA E COMPARADA
RELATRIO DE DISSECAO
Cris hanny Pires Ara!"
Danie##a $e S"%&a M"reira
Ernane Aran'es (a)ier
Ra*ssa Pereira Ca#$eira
Thain+ R"$ri,%es Pereira
Pr"-ess"res. /arina Si01es
E$s"n Bene''i
GOI2NIA
3455
2
SUMRIO
5- INTRODU67O8888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888889
3- OB:ETIVOS888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888;
9- MATERIAIS E M<TODOS88888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888;
=- RESULTADOS E DISCUSS7O8888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888859
;> CONCLUS7O8888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888883;
?> REFERENCIAS BIBLIOGRFICAS8888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888883?
1 INTRODUO
1.1 Cachorro
Ana'"0ia @ " ra0" $a AiBnAia C%e 'ra'a $a -"r0a e es'r%'%ra $"s "r,anis0"s8
E'i0"#",iAa0en'eD Ana'"0ia si,ni-iAa A"r'ar seEaran$" "% $iss"Aian$" as Ear'es $"
A"rE"8 A $isE"siFG" $as Ear'es e a C%an'i$a$e aEresen'a0 $isEari$a$es $e ani0a# Eara
ani0a#8 En'G"D a ana'"0ia @ niAa $e Aa$a esE@AieD E"$en$" aEresen'ar a#,%0as
)ariaF1es ana'H0iAas I$i-erenFas 0"r-"#J,iAas eK'erna "% in'ernas C%e nG" ,era0
Ere!%*&"s a" in$i)*$%"L8
O AG" ICanis lupus familiarisL MFi#". Ch"r$a'a N C#asse. Ma00a#ia N Or$e0.
Carn*)"ra N Fa0*#ia. Cani$aeO @ %0 0a0*-er" Aan*$e" e 'a#)e& " 0ais an'i," ani0a#
$"0@s'iA"8 Te"rias E"s'%#a0 C%e s%r,i% $a $"0es'iAaFG" $" #"P" Ain&en'" asi+'iA" Ee#"s
E")"s $aC%e#e A"n'inen'e h+ AerAa $e 5448444 an"s M'a# 'e"ria @ Pasea$a na se0e#hanFa
$e QQD?R $" DNA en're es'es ani0aisD $%ran'e " Er"Aess" e)"#%'i)" s%r,i%>se assi0
%0a s%PesE@Aie $" #"P" ICanis lupusLO8 A" #"n," $"s s@A%#"sD a'ra)@s $a $"0es'iAaFG"D
" ser h%0an" rea#i&"% %0a se#eFG" ar'i-iAia# $"s AGes Ee#as s%as aE'i$1esD AaraA'er*s'iAas
-*siAas "% 'iE"s $e A"0E"r'a0en'"s8 O res%#'a$" -"i %0a ,ran$e )arie$a$e I0ais $e =44
raFasL AaninaD C%e a'%a#0en'e sG" A#assi-iAa$as e0 $i-eren'es ,r%E"s "% Aa'e,"rias8
IARAS:O e' a#8D 344QL8
3
A reEr"$%FG" $" AG" @ r+Ei$aD " 'e0E" $e ,es'aFG" @ $e 3 0esesD " Eer*"$" $e
a0a0en'aFG" $%ra AerAa $e ? se0anasD a"s ; 0eses aEresen'a $en'iFG" $e-ini'i)a I=3
$en'esL e a 0a'%ri$a$e seK%a# se '"rna A"0E#e'a a'@ 5 an" $e i$a$e8 As -B0eas
aEresen'a0 Eer*"$"s -@r'eis $e ? e0 ? 0eses8 Os AGes aEresen'a0 %0 $esen)"#)i0en'"
r+Ei$"D e " 'e0E" $e )i$a $es'es e0 A"n$iF1es sa%$+)eis @ AerAa $e 5? an"s8
O AG"D E"r ser na'%ra#0en'e %0 Ere$a$"rD E"ss%i sen'i$"s aE%ra$"s Eara a
AaE'%ra $e Eresas e Eara Er"'eFG" $a 0a'i#ha8 AEesar $a $"0es'iAaFG" e $" Ar%&a0en'"
se#e'i)"D " C%e '"rnara0 " AG" 0en"s $eEen$en'e $e se%s sen'i$"sD es'es ain$a sG"
A"nsi$era$"s haPi#i$a$es sens"riais inAr*)eis8 O "#-a'"D ErinAiEa# sen'i$" Aanin"D a$)@0
$as ra0i-iAaF1es $"s ner)"s "#-a'i)"s na Aa)i$a$e nasa#D C%e "A%Ea0 5?4 A0TD enC%an'"
n" h"0e0 a +rea Ahe,a a ; A0T8 E0 "%'ra A"0EaraFG"D as A@#%#as "#-a'i)as $" ser
h%0an" Ahe,a0 a AinA" 0i#h1esD enC%an'" e0 %0 AG" a'in,e0 334 0i#h1es8 A a%$iFG"
@ Pe0 $esen)"#)i$aD E"$en$" AaE'ar s"ns $e PaiKa I?4 /h&L e a#'a -reC%BnAiaD e A"0" "
$ireAi"na0en'" $as "re#has @ AaEa& $e $e'eA'ar -aAi#0en'e a $ireFG" $" s"08 A )isG" $"
AG" @ PiAr"0+'iAaD Pe0 $esen)"#)i$a Eara a )is%a#i&aFG" n"'%rnaD e se% Un,%#" $e )isG"
@ $e 5V4W a 334W8
A Xyn"'"0iaD ana'"0ia $" AG"D a n*)e# $e $isseAaFG" s%Eer-iAia# $a re,iG"
Arania#D A"0Ereen$en$" as E"rF1es $a AaPeFaD EesA"F"D 'JraK e PraF" $" ani0a#D E"$e
ser es'%$a$a $e -"r0a sis'e0+'iAa Y es'%$" $e Jr,G"s C%e se a,r%Ea0 e0 sis'e0as e
es'G" ass"Aia$"s Eara rea#i&are0 Aer'as -%nF1es Y e $e -"r0a '"E",r+-iAa Y es'%$" e0
A"n!%n'" $e '"$"s "s sis'e0as A"n'i$"s e0 Aa$a re,iG" $" A"rE" e $as re#aF1es en're
e#es Y E"$en$" assi0 ana#isar $isE"siF1es 0%sA%#aresD ,#an$%#aresD #in-+'iAas e $e )as"s
san,%*ne"s8
1.2 Galinha
A ,a#inha I Gallus gallus domesticusL M Rein".AnimalliaN Fi#".ChordataN C#asse. A)esN
Or$e0. GalliformesN Fa0*#ia. PhasianidaeN GBner". GallusN EsE@Aie. G.gallusN
S%PesE@Aie. G.g.domesticus8O @ %0a a)e C%e se '"rn"% 'erres're a'ra)@s $a
$"0es'iAaFG"D 0as E"ss%i %0 esC%e#e'" C%e es'+ a$aE'a$" Eara " )H" A"0" se%s
an'eEassa$"s8
A #e)e&a e resis'BnAia sG" "s ErinAiEais asEeA'"s $" esC%e#e'" $as a)esD AaraA'eri&a$a
Ee#a -%sG" $"s "ss"s A"0" E"r eKe0E#" "s $" ArUni"DAin'a E@#)iAa e n"s "ss"s $as asas8
4
A #e)e&a 'a0P@0 se $e)e a" sis'e0a $e saA"s a@re"s8 Es'as a)es E"ss%e0 PiA"s
EeC%en"sD Aris'as Aarn%$as e asas A%r'as e #ar,as8
As ,a#inhas sG" %0a i0E"r'an'e -"n'e $e a#i0en'" h+ s@A%#"s8A in'r"$%FG" $es'a a)e
A"0" ani0a# $"0es'iA" s%r,i% Er")a)e#0en'e na sia8 A" #"n," $"s s@A%#"s " h"0e0
rea#i&"% %0a se#eFG" ar'i-iAia# $as ,a#inhas a'ra)@s $" Ar%&a0en'" 'ra$iAi"na# "P'en$"
n")as raFas8 Se,%n$" a ABEFZ I344?LD " Brasi# @ " 0ai"r eKE"r'a$"r 0%n$ia# $e Aarne
$e -ran," e " 'erAeir" 0ai"r Er"$%'"rD a'r+s aEenas $"s Es'a$"s Uni$"s e $a China8 O
A"nheAi0en'" s"Pre as raFas e a ana'"0ia $"s ,a#in+Ae"s ser)e A"0" %0a )a#i"sa
-erra0en'a Eara a%Ki#i" na AriaFG" $esses ani0ais8
2 O!ETI"OS
2.1 O!ETI"OS GERAIS

Para A"n'riP%ir A"0 a -aAi#i'aFG" $" aEren$i&a$" $" es'%$" $a ana'"0ia
A"0Eara$aD es'e 'raPa#h" 'e0 A"0" "P!e'i)" $esAre)er as es'r%'%ras A"rE"rais E"r 0ei"
$" 0@'"$" $a $isseAaFG" $e %0 AG"8

2.2 O!ETI"OS ES#EC$%ICOS

OPser)ar 0sA%#"s AraniaisD ,#Un$%#as e )as"s $es'a re,iG"8
ReA"nheAer "s 0sA%#"s e )as"s $a re,iG" Aer)iAa#8
OPser)ar "s 0sA%#"s $a re,iG" E"s'eri"r $" $"rs"8
InAen'i)ar a" %s" $" 0@'"$" $a $isseAaFG" Eara -aAi#i'aFG" $" aEren$i&a$" $a
Ana'"0ia8
& MATERIAIS
Ma'eriais $e $isseAaFG". AaP"s $e Pis'%ri n0er"s 9 e =D #U0inas $e Pis'%ri
n0er"s 5; e 3=D 'es"%ra $e E"n'a -ina $e I5;A0LD 'es"%ra $e E"n'a r"0Pa r"0Pa
5
I5;A0LD EinFa $e $isseAaFG" ana'H0iAa se0 $en'e I5?A0LD EinFa $e
$isseAaFG" A"0 $en'e $e ra'" I5?LD #%)as $e Er"Ae$i0en'" e !a#eA"8
%i'(ra 1. Ins'r%0en'"s Airr,iA"s %'i#i&a$"s8
O%'r"s 0a'eriais. AU0era -"'",r+-iAaD a'#as $e ana'"0ia8
) METODOLOGIA
).1 Cachorro
F"i $isseAa$" %0 AG" n" E#an" #a'era# $irei'" Arania#D se0 raFa $e-ini$a > SRD
I)ira>#a'aD n" Brasi#LD a$%#'aD -B0eaD n" Eer*"$" $e #aA'aFG" IEe#" es'a$" $as 0a0asLD
aEaren'e0en'e se0 Ea'"#",iaD C%e !+ ha)ia Eassa$" E"r Er"Aess"s an'eri"res $e
$isseAaFG" $" 0e0Pr" in-eri"r $irei'" Ire0")i$"L e $a re,iG" )en'ra# 'JraA">#"0ParD
C%e -"i aPer'a $eiKan$" eKE"s'"s se%s Jr,G" in'ern"s IFi,%ra 5L8 O ani0a# @ Eer'enAen'e
a" DeEar'a0en'" $e M"r-"#",ia $" Ins'i'%'" $e CiBnAias Bi"#J,iAas IICB IVL $a
Uni)ersi$a$e Fe$era# $e G"i+s8 A $isseAaFG" -"i rea#i&a$a A"0" Ear'e $a a)a#iaFG" $"
6
A%rs" $e Bi"'eAn"#",iaD A"0 A""r$enaFG" $"s Pr"-ess"res E$s"n Bene''i e /arina
Si01esD A"0 a%#as rea#i&a$as as C%in'as>-eiras $as 59h +s5[h=4 hs8
%i'(ra 2. Ani0a# %'i#i&a$" na $isseAaFG"8
IniAia#0en'eD -"i -ei'a %0a inAisG" a0E#a na Ee#e Y A"0 A%i$a$" Eara C%e "s
0sA%#"s s%P!aAen'es nG" -"sse0 a'in,i$"s Y $a #inha 0e$iana an'eri"r $" ArUni" r%0"
a" $"rs" $" ani0a#D A"n'"rnan$" a P"AaD " nari&D " "#h" e a "re#haD a'@ as Eri0eiras
)@r'ePras '"r+AiAasD A"0 Pis'%riD IFi,%ra 9L e $eE"is n" E#an" 'ran)ersa# a'@ " eiK"
Arani"Aa%$a# $a re,iG" '"r+AiAa $" ani0a#D A"0 'es"%raD inA#%in$" a Ear'e PraC%ia# $"
0e0Pr" s%Eeri"r $irei'" IFi,%ra =L8
7
8
%i'(ra &* SeAF1es na Ee#e $" ani0a# na re,iG" Arania#8
%i'(ra ). SeAF1es na re,iG" '"r+AiAa $" ani0a#8
8
E0 seC%BnAia a 'e#a s%PA%'Unea $a Ee#e -"i $i)%#si"na$a A"0 Pis'%ri e 'es"%ra
r"0Pa>r"0PaD -a&en$" 0")i0en'"s $e in'r"$%FG"D aPer'%ra e -eAha0en'" $a 'es"%ra8
AEJs a Ee#e ser rePa'i$aD n" sen'i$" 0@$i">#a'era# eKE"n$" as es'r%'%ras s%Eer-iAiais $"
EesA"F"D -"i rePa'i$" 'a0P@0 " E#a'is0a e a ,"r$%ra s%P!aAen'e res'an'e8 F"ra0
re'ira$as a #U0ina s%Eer-iAia# e a #U0ina Er@>'raC%ea# IEar'e 0%sA%#arL $a -+sAia Aer)iAa#8
Na re,iG" '"r+AiAa e PraC%ia# " 'eAi$" a$iE"s" s%Eer-iAia# e " 'eAi$" A"n!%n'i)" -"ra0
re0")i$"sD A"0 Pis'%riD Eara C%e "s $e'a#hes ana'H0iA"s $"s 0sA%#"s -"sse0
e)i$enAia$"s8
).2 Galinha
F"i $isseAa$" %0a ,a#inha n" E#an" ArUni">Aa%$a#D se0 raFa $e-ini$a > SRD Da$%#'aD
-B0eaD aEaren'e0en'e se0 Ea'"#",ia8 O ani0a# @ Eer'enAen'e a" DeEar'a0en'" $e
M"r-"#",ia $" Ins'i'%'" $e CiBnAias Bi"#J,iAas IICB IVL $a Uni)ersi$a$e Fe$era# $e
G"i+s8 A $isseAaFG" -"i rea#i&a$a A"0" Ear'e $a a)a#iaFG" $" A%rs" $e Bi"'eAn"#",iaD
A"0 A""r$enaFG" $"s Pr"-ess"res E$s"n Bene''i e /arina Si01esD A"0 a%#as rea#i&a$as
as C%in'as>-eiras $as 59h +s5[h=4 hs8
IniAia#0en'eD -"i -ei'a %0a inAisG" a0E#a na Ee#e $a E"rFG" '"r+AiAa> A"0 A%i$a$"
Eara C%e "s Jr,G"s in'ern"s nG" -"sse0 a'in,i$"s e $ani-iAa$"s8 A Ee#e -"i rePa'i$a
IFi,%ra ;L e $eE"is "s Jr,G"s e0 s%as E"siF1es "ri,inais -"ra0 i$en'i-iAa$"s IFi,%ra ?L8
A"s E"%A"s -"ra0 re0")i$"s "s Jr,G"s e i$en'i-iAa$as as "%'ras es'r%'%ras C%e se
enA"n'ra0 E"s'eri"r0en'e I Fi,%ra [ a>P>AL8 A re,iG" $" EesA"F" 'a0P@0 -"i $isseAa$a
e s%as ErinAiEais es'r%'%ras -"ra0 i$en'i-iAa$as I Fi,%ra VL8
9
Ilustrao 5 - Galinha utilizada na dissecao
Ilustrao 6 - Galinha com a regio torcica aberta
1
Ilustrao 7a - !denti"icao das estruturas na #oro #osterior
Ilustrao 7b- !denti"icao das estruturas na #oro #osterior
11
Ilustrao 7c - !denti"icao das estruturas na #oro #osterior
Ilustrao 8 - $oro do #escoo dissecada
12
+ RESULTADOS E DISCUSSO
+.1 Cachorro
Pri0eira0en'eD -"ra0 i$en'i-iAa$"s "s 0sA%#"s A%'Une"s C%e es'G" esEa#ha$"s
Ee#" A"rE" A"0" %0a #U0ina -ina e in'err"0Ei$a na -+sAia s%Eer-iAia#8 E0 $e'er0ina$"s
Aas"s h"%)e 0ais $e %0a Aa0a$aD A"0" n" Aas" $" 0sA%#" E#a'is0a I-i,%ra Q Y aD PD
AL8 O ,-.c(lo /la0i.,a @ %0a #+0ina Pe0 $esen)"#)i$a $e 0sA%#" C%e se es'en$eD
)en'ra# e r"s'ra#0en'eD $a ra-e $"rsa# $" EesA"F"D e )en'ra#0en'e a" "%)i$" Eara -%n$ir>
se A"0 "s 0sA%#"s -aAiais n" Aan'" $a P"Aa8
Na AaPeFa -"ra0 "Pser)a$"s. " ,-.c(lo 1(cina2or I-i,%ra Q PL C%e -"r0a a
P"AheAhaD A"nsis'e nas E"rF1es P%Aa# e 0"#arN ,-.c(lo ,a..303r I%0 $"s 0sA%#"s $a
0as'i,aFG"L Y -i,%ra Q PD $ Y C%e -"r0a %0 ressa#'" Er"e0inen'e na s%Eer-*Aie #a'era# $a
Ear'e )er'iAa# $a 0an$*P%#aN " ,-.c(lo 0ir3o4ar5n'3o I-i,%ra Q AL C%e se si'%a Aa%$a# a"
0sA%#" hi"-ar*n,e" InG" -"i E"ss*)e# )is%a#i&+>#"L e s%r,e $a s%Eer-*Aie #a'era# $a
Aar'i#a,e0 'ireJi$e Eara se inserir na ra-e $"rsa# 0e$ianaN a 'l6n2(la ,an2i1(lar
I-i,%ra Q Y PD AD $L C%e @ -renC%en'e0en'e 0ai"r C%e a ,#Un$%#a EarJ'i$aD n"s ,ran$es
AGes e#a 'e0 AerAa $e ; A0 $e A"0Eri0en'" e 9 A0 $e #ar,%raD @ $e A"n'"rn"
arre$"n$a$"D $e A"r a0are#">A#ara e AirA%n$a$a E"r %0a A+Es%#a -iPr"saN e Ear'e $a
'l6n2(la /ar70i2a I-i,%ra Q $L C%e @ EeC%ena e irre,%#ar0en'e 'rian,%#arD se #"Aa#i&a
aAi0a $a ,#Un$%#a 0an$iP%#ar8
Na re,iG" Aer)iAa#D $"rsa#D '"r+AiAa e $" 0e0Pr" s%Eeri"r A"nse,%i%>se
EerAePer. " ,-.c(lo 0ra/89io C%e @ %0 0sA%#" s%Eer-iAia#D E#an" e 'rian,%#arD C%e
A"nsis'e e0 Ear'es Aer)iAa# e '"r+AiAa A"n'*n%as %0a A"0 a "%'raD 'e0 "ri,e0 na ra-e
-iPr"sa 0e$iana $" EesA"F" e n" #i,a0en'" s%Era>esEinha# $" 'JraKD $a 'erAeira )@r'ePra
Aer)iAa# a'@ \ n"na )@r'ePra '"r+AiAaN " ,-.c(lo 1ra:(ic34;lico C%e es'en$e>se A"0"
%0 #"n," e E#an" 0sA%#"D en're " PraF"D " EesA"F" e a AaPeFaN " ,-.c(lo
3.03rnoc34;lico C%e "ri,ina>se $" 0anPri" $" es'ern" !%n'a0en'e A"0 " 0sA%#" $"
#a$" "E"s'"N " ,-.c(lo 3.03rno-hi7i23o C%e @ %0 #"n," 0sA%#"D se0e#han'e a %0a
Ain'aD 'e0 "ri,e0 na E"rFG" Arania# $" es'ern" e A"rre )en'ra#0en'e \ 'raC%@iaN "
,-.c(lo o,o0ran.<3r.al C%e @ %0 0sA%#" se0e#han'e a %0a -aiKa C%e se insere n"
aArH0i" e na esEinha $a esA+E%#a a'@ " 0sA%#" 'raE@&i"N " ,-.c(lo .(/ra-3./inhal
C%e "A%Ea a -"ssa s%EraesEinh"sa $a esA+E%#aD na C%a# 'e0 s%a "ri,e0D @ A"Per'" Ee#"s
0sA%#"s 'raE@&i"D "0"'rans)ersa# e PraC%iAe-+#iA"N " ,-.c(lo .3rr;0il <3n0ral 2o
13
/3.co=o C%e 'e0 %0 -"r0a'" $e #eC%eD s%r,in$" $"s Er"Aess"s 'rans)ers"s $as AinA"
#'i0as )@r'ePras Aer)iAais e $a E"rFG" 0@$ia $as Eri0eiras se'e "% "i'" A"s'e#asN "
,-.c(lo 23l07i23 C%e A"nsis'e e0 $%as EarAe#as C%e se si'%a0 #a'era#0en'e \ esA+E%#a e
Aa%$a#0en'e \ esEinha esAaE%#arN " ,-.c(lo 0r5c3/. 2o 1ra=o C%e A"nsis'e e0 C%a'r"
E"rF1es C%e se si'%a0 Aa%$a#0en'e \ ar'iA%#aFG" $" "0Pr" e $" 0er" e insere0>se n"
"#@Aran"N " ,-.c(lo 'ran23 2or.al C%e 'e0 " -"r0a'" $e %0 #eC%eD A"0 "ri,e0 na
#U0ina s%Eer-iAia# $a -+sAia '"raA"#"0Par e nas $%as "% 'rBs A"s'e#asD -#eKi"na a
ar'iA%#aFG" $" "0Pr" e @ s%Eri$" Ee#" ner)" '"raA"$"rsa# a'ra)@s $" E#eK" PraC%ia#N "
,-.c(lo in4ra-3./inhal C%e s%r,e $a -"ssa e $a #U0ina 'en$*nea $" 0sA%#" $e#'Ji$e e
a,e essenAia#0en'e A"0" %0 #i,a0en'" A"#a'era# $a ar'iA%#aFG" $" "0Pr"N a <3ia
c34;lica co, a <3ia c34;lica ac3..7ria Iser+ esEeAi-iAa$a n" ErJKi0" Ear+,ra-"L e a
<3ia !('(lar C%e @ " 'r"nA" A"#e'"r ErinAiEa# $as )eias $" ArUni"D $a -aAe e $a Ear'e
an'eri"r $" EesA"F" IFIGSNN GARINOD 3449L8 T"$as essas es'r%'%ras E"$e0 ser
"Pser)a$as na -i,%ra 54 Y aD P8
A <3ia c34;lica A"0eFa na -aAe Ea#0ar $a Ea'aD a Ear'ir $" arA" )en"s"
s%Eer-iAia#8 A <3ia c34;lica ac3..7ria !%n'a>se a )eia Ae-+#iAa na s%Eer-*Aie Arania# $"
'erF" $is'a# $" an'ePraF"8 E#a s%r,e $e EeC%enas )eias #"Aa#i&a$as n" $"rs" $a Ea'a8 Na
s%Eer-*Aie -#eK"ra $" A"'")e#"D a )eia 0e$iana A%Pi'a# -"r0a %0a A"neKG" en're as )eias
Ae-+#iAa e PraC%ia#8 Dessa A"neKG"D a )eia Ae-+#iAa A"n'in%a Er"Ki0a#0en'e na s%Eer-*Aie
Arani"#a'era# $" PraF"D n%0 s%#A" en're " PraC%i"Ae-+#iA"D Arania#0en'eD e a "ri,e0 $a
AaPeFa #a'era# $" 'r*AeEsD Aa%$a#0en'e8 N" 0ei" $" PraF"D a )eia Ae-+#iAa A"rre
Er"-%n$a0en'e a" PraC%i"Ae-+#iA" e en'ra na )eia !%,%#ar eK'ernaD ErJKi0" a en'ra$a $"
'JraK8 A )eia Ae-+#iAa @ %'i#i&a$a Ee#"s A#*niA"s Eara a )eniE%nFG" IA"#e'a $e san,%e "%
a$0inis'raFG" $e 0e$iAa0en'"L8 U0a '@AniAa insa'is-a'Jria $e in!eFG" E"$e res%#'ar na
$eE"siFG" errHnea $e s%Ps'UnAias irri'an'es e0 '"rn" $a )eiaD en)"#)en$" "s 'r"nA"s
ner)"s"s > e is'" res%#'ar+ n%0a irri'aFG" ,ra)e n" ani0a#8
14
%i'(ra > a . 5 Y MsA%#" A%'Une" Y P#a'is0a
15
%i'(ra > 1 . 5D 5] Y P#a'is0aN 3 Y G#Un$%#a 0an$iP%#arN 9 Y MsA%#" 0asse'erN = Y
MsA%#" P%Aina$"rN ; > MsA%#" es'ern"Ae-+#iA"N ? > MsA%#" PraC%iAe-+#iA"N [ > Veia
!%,%#ar8
16
%i'(ra > c . V Y MsA%#" 'ire"-ar*n,e"8
17
%i'(ra > 2 . Q Y A EinFa se,%ra Ear'e $a ,#Un$%#a EarJ'i$a8
18
%i'(ra 1? a . 5D 5] > MsA%#" 'raE@&i"N 3D 3] > MsA%#" PraC%iAe-+#iA"N 9 > MsA%#"
es'ern"Ae-+#iA"N = > MsA%#" es'ern">hiJi$e"N ; > MsA%#" "0"'rans)ersa#N ?> MsA%#"
s%Era>esEinha#N [ > MsA%#" serr+'i# )en'ra# $" EesA"F"N VD V] Y MsA%#" $e#'Ji$eN QD Q]
Y MsA%#" 'r*AeEs $" PraF"N 54 Y MsA%#" ,ran$e $"rsa#N 55 Y MsA%#" in-ra>esEinha#N
19
%i'(ra 1? 1 . 53D 53] Y Veia Ce-+#iAaN 59 Y Veia Ae-+#iAa aAessJriaN 5= Y Veia :%,%#ar8
+.2 Galinha
Pri0eira0en'eD na re,iG" '"r+AiAaD -"i i$en'i-iAa$" " "ss" es'ern" I"ss" $" Eei'"LD
AaraA'eri&a$" E"r aEresen'ar %0a C%i#ha $ireAi"na$a )en'ra#0en'eD C%e ser)e A"0" %0a
s%Eer-*Aie $e -iKaFG" $as 0%sA%#a'%ras $e )H"D "s Eei'"rais e " s%EraA"raAJi$e"8
O 3.03rno I Fi,%ra 55L $a ,a#inha @ $en"0ina$" %0 es'ern" $e C%a'r" inAis%rasN h+ "s
Er"Aess"s Aa%$"#a'erais e IEar'es #a'eraisL C%e -"r0a0 "s #i0i'es #a'erais $as inAis%ras
#a'eraisD e "s Er"Aess"s 0e'as'ernais #a'erais IEar'es 0e$iaisLD C%e -"r0a0 "s #i0i'es
#a'erais $as inAis%ras 0e$iais ISISSONNGROSSMAND5QV?L8
2
Ilustrao 11 % $eito da galinha& 1% 'uilha do esterno da galinha& 2% ()sculo #eitoral& 3%
()sculo su#racorac*ideo+
,#*s a remoo do esterno& -untamente com a musculatura& #ode%se identi"icar os *rgos
internos na regio do t*ra. e abdome+
Ilustrao 12 - /rgos internos da galinha 0 1% 1orao& 2% 2obos direito e es3uerdo do
45gado& 3%6st7mago muscular& 4%,rt8rias bra3uioce"licas
/ corao @ %i'(ra 12 A est localizado na #arte cranial da ca9idade toracoabdominal& com
seu ei.o direcionado caudo9entralmente +,s tr:s #rinci#ais su#er"5cies do corao so as
su#er"5cies esternal& he#tica e #ulmonar+ , metade a#ical do corao re#ousa entre os lobos
direito e es3uerdo "5gado+ ,s artrias braquioceflicas @ %i'(ra 12A so rami"ica;es da
aorta& originadas no lado es3uerdo da aorta ascendente+ 1on"orme seus nomes sugerem&as
21
art8rias bra3uioce"licas so distribu5das #ara as regi;es da asa e da cabea+ / fgado
@ %i'(ra 12A 8 sus#enso #elo #erit7nio nas ca9idades cel7micas he#tica& dorsal e 9entral&
direita e es3uerda <(c2elland e =ing& 197 a#ud >!>>/?@GA/>>(,?& 1986B+ / "5gado #ossui
lobos direito e es3uerdo 3ue se unem cranialmente na linha m8dia+ / estmago @ %i'(ra 12A
8 di9idido em duas #artes um estmago gladular <#r*%9entr5culoB& cranial& e um grande
estmago muscular <9entr5culo& moelaB&caudal+
Ilustrao 1!- Aegio abdominal0 1% intestino grosso& 2% intestino delgado& 3% est7mago
muscular <9entr5culoB
/ itestio delgado <4igura 13B da galinha consiste em uma ala duodenal cranial e uma
#arte caudal <$!2C &1937 a#ud >!>>/?@GA/>>(,?& 1986B+ / itestio grosso consiste de
22
um #ar de cecos e um intestino curto e reto& continuo com o 5leo e cloaca <"igura 14B+
Ilustrao 1"- Aegio interna da galinha e9idenciando o intestino grosso%1 e a cloaca%2
Ilustrao 15 - /rgos internos da galinha0 1%#ericrdio
23
/ #ericrdio <4igura 15B 8 um saco "ibroso& consistente e transl)cido& a"i.ado as estruturas
circundantes&constitu5do #ela lDmina #arietal e lDmina serosa+
?a dissecao do #escoo as seguintes estruturas "oram identi"icadas0 Era3u8ia e es7"ago+
Ilustrao 16 % Aegio do #escoo da galinha0 1% tra3u8ia& 2% es7"ago
, traquia I Fi,%ra 5?L #ossui "ormato tubular constitu5da de semi%arcos cartilaginosos e se
liga em sua #arte #osterior ao es7"ago #or um tecido con-unti9o+ ,s cartilagens 9ariam em
n)mero de 18 a 126+ / esfago I Fi,%ra 5?L est situado entre a oro"aringe e a #arte
glandular do est7mago& ele #ossui #aredes "inas e dilat9eis e tem um diDmetro relati9amente
maior do 3ue o dos mam5"eros+ 1ranialmente ele situa%se na linha m8dia& dorsalmente F laringe
e tra3u8ia& a 3ual est intimamente a"i.ado #or tecido con-unti9o+
24
Ilustrao 17- $a#o da galinha <1B
/ #a#o <4igura 17B est localizado em #osio 9entrolateral ao es7"ago e cranialmente F
cla95cula e m)sculos #eitorais+ ,d9ent5cia do #a#o est "ortemente unida F #ele e #ossui "ibras
musculares estriadas do m)sculo cutDneo+
B CONCLUSCES
C"nA#%i>se C%e a rea#i&aFG" $es'e 'raPa#h" @ $e eK're0a i0E"r'UnAia Eara -iKar "s
A"nheAi0en'"s $a $isAiE#ina $e ana'"0ia A"0Eara$aD Eer0i'in$" A"nheAer as '@AniAas
Eara %0a P"a $isseAaFG" e "s 0a'eriais %'i#i&a$"s nesses Er"Ae$i0en'"s8 A $isseAaFG"
$as EeFas ana'H0iAas AaEaAi'a " a#%n" a i$en'i-iAar as AaraA'er*s'iAas $as es'r%'%ras e s%a
#"Aa#i&aFG"8 Per0i'in$" assi0 a'%ar A"0 s%Aess" e0 "%'ras +reas C%e -a&e0 A"rre#aFG"
A"0 a ana'"0ia8
25
D RE%ERENCIAS ILIOGR%ICAS
ARAS:O e' a#8 Origem do co8 DisE"n*)e# e0.
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Co8 DisE"n*)e# e0. ^h''E.__E'8`iXiEe$ia8"r,_`iXi_CRC9RA9"a8 AAess" e0. 49 $e&8
34558
P"r'a# SG" FranAisA"8 Ces8 DisE"n*)e# e0.
^h''E.__```8E"r'a#sa"-ranAisA"8A"08Pr_a#-a_Aaes_Aaes>58EhEa8 AAess" e0. 49 $e&8
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ALVESD Danie# HePer' $e Mene&es8 Apostila de Anatomia I8 DisE"n*)e# e0.
^h''E.__```8s#i$eshare8ne'_$an'he4;_aE"s'i#a>$e>ana'"0ia>)e'erinria>ia8 AAess" e0. 49
$e&8 34558
Co8 DisE"n*)e# e0. ^h''E.__```8E"r'a#$e)e'erinaria8A"0_344V_53_)eia>Ae-a#iAa>
Aa"b39V;8h'0#a8 AAess" e0. 49 $e& 34558
>!>>/?@GA/>>(,?+ Anatomia dos animais domsticos. 5ed+ Gol+ 2+ Aio de Haneiro0
Guanabara =oogan >+,+ &#+168%1796+