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TABLE 2
IDdaIDSOS-WPRectangularDusbar: Current Ratings

1 BAR
Indal
Ref. No.

Size mm
(in.)

D.C.!

2 BARS

A.C.
50cIs

D.C.
I

50cIs
A.e.

G
4 DARS

3 BARS

D.C.

50 cIs
I

A.C.

D.C.

50cIs
\

A.C.

AMPERES
25.4x6.35r--. F204
(I xi>
38.1x6.3S-... F13
(Itx1)
50.8 x6.3s......,
F15
(2x i)
,
63.5 x6.35....
F74
(21 xH

--

76.2x6.35(3 X t)
'.101.6x6.35.

--

(4'X1)
127.0x6.35...
(5xt)
152.4x6.35,
(6xl)

--

710

70S

980'

970

1120

1100

520

520

1030

1020

1380

1350

1585

1535

670.
810

13i5

1290

1765

1705'

2050

1940 I

1550

1510

2100

2000

2430

2260

960 I

1805

1740---

2440

2310
:.-=-

2860

2620

i235
.......

. 2260

2140,)

3060

2800

3640

9200

1545

1505

2700

2510

3660

3240

4410

3700

1840

1780

3130

2860

4290

3680

5250

4240
,

"

820
970

1260

36
F249

355

670

F33

--

355

'

F271

,,-

-~._-'

Indal

Size mm
(in.)
SO.8x9.53

Ref. No',

,,;::..,,

50Cf.s
A; C.

D.C.

830

""-'-"

50 s

->---

--- ,-

50 cIs

50 Cf.s
A.C.

D.C.

A..

D.C.

1560

1500

2090

1970

2460

2260

2180

2050

2940

2660

3510

3030

D.C-

'

A.C.

F182

840
-.
1210

1180
1495

2710

2480

3660

3150

3560

1550

4400

F 96

1940

1860

3290

2930

4450

5400

4200

F113

.3660

127:0x9.53
(5xt)
152.4x9.53
(6xi)
203.2x9.53
(8 Xi)

2260

2120

3770

3340

5140

4080

6300

4680

F272

2940

2750

4800

4150

6500

4900

8060

5740

F273

1405

1355

2450

2240

3290

4000

3240

F 34

2830

76.2x 12.1(3xH'
101.6xI2.7

3100

2729

4170

3360

. 3900

183Q

1740

5100

F 66

2080

3720

3120

5040

6170

4550

2230

1900

FI44

2420

4300

3500

5850

7200

5100

2620

4400

F 67

3060

5450

4450

7420

5300

6150

3380

9110

F 54

3640

6500

5000

8860

10900

6850

4080

6000

F 69

'

(2x i)
76.2x9.53

(3 x i)

101.6 x9.S3

(4x

i>

(4XI)

127.0xI2.7

(5

F16

x i)

152.4xI2.7
(6 x I)

203.2 x12. 7
(8 x i)
2S4.0x12.7
(IOxi)

Notes:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

'

.'

'.

Ratings are for 50 C rise over 35' C ambient temperature in still but unconfined air.
For. multiple-bar arrangements, the space between bars is equal to the bar thickness.
A.C. ratings are based on spacings at which proximity-effcct is negligible.
Ratings may be increased by approximately 20% if the busbar is painted with a non-metallic matt finish paint.
To obtain the current rating for Indal CI5-M busbar, multiply the approl?riate figure above by 1.03.

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uC ',co

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\(
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heating in the plates. The plates must. be sufficiently" thick


to prevent distortion and ensure even contact pressure. The
preparation of the mating surfaces is exactly as detailed earlier.

TABLE 5
Correction Factors
(To be applied when necessary to the rating values given In Tables 1 to 4)

Derating Factor

TemperatureRise
,

1.

0.75

,-

Derating
Factor*

<1%
5%
10%

0.95
0.90
0.85

<1%

0.85-...
0.75,
0.65

1. Outdoors
2. Indoors where the enclosure itself is
in a well-ventilated room
"
3. Indoors where the enclosure itself
is poorly ventilated and the room
temperature is high

'

Rating
Factor**

Indah-\lIoy

,CISM
2SM
B26SWP
50SWP
B51SWP
54SM
A56SM
65SWP

1.03
1.02
0.83
0.94
0.92
0.77
0.72
0.88

Where busbar intended for use at high altitudes is tested near sea
level, the limits of. temperature rise should be reduced by 1% for each
300m in excess of 1000m above sea-level at which the busbar is to be
instailed.

;:1

,'I!

t:'

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Alwl1in~um-to-CopperConnections :
Exactly the same procedures as are detailed above (including
the method of cleaning) should be used iQ.making aluminium~to~
copper connections. Preferably, the copper should be cleaned
with a separate wire brush or emery cloth that will not after. wards be used on' ~luminium-to-aluminilim joints. Since in
aluminium-to~copper joip.ts two dissimilar metals are in electricaJ
contact, it is necessary to ensure that moisture is excluded: if
no moisture is present, there is no possibility or electrolytic action;
The grease used as a jqint compound, will protect an indoor instaUatfon in clean surroundings. In particularly aggressive condi:'
. tions:f~rther protection can be obtained by binding with an inhibited tape. This method of protecting aluminium-to-copper joints
has been proved by many years of experience of bi-metallic joints

in overhead distribution lines.

'

Other methods of protecting a joint against the ingress of


moisture include painting or coating with plastic compounds.
,In aUbi-metallicjoints that are subject to rain or considerable
,condensation it is advisable to have the aluminium bar above
the copper one to avoid the risk of water contaminated with
copper salts running on.1o the aluminium bar.

ALTITUDE

':,

0.65

<1%
5'
10Yo

EIC-M
HEI5-WP
HE9-WP
HE30-WP
NES-M
NE6-M
HE-20WP

'"
L
'

5%

10%

- ***

'<.

SectionalArea

of Enclosure
----

n!i
,.!
i'
il

An advantage of clamp plates is that they can be used on


prefabricated bars when the e~act dimensions of the site are not
available, or when detailed installation drawings have not been
prepared. They also eliminate the precision drilling of joints in
multiple bars.

..'

Enclosure

ii
.il,

,j II

"

0.88

Cross-Sectional
'Area of Busbar
+ Total Cross-

IS: 733-1967 (Wrought Aluminium and


Aluminium Alloys for 'General Engineering Purposes-Bars, Rods and
Sections) Symbol

'l
,

Bar temperature rise 40Cover


ambient 35C
2. Bar temperature rise 30Cover
ambient 35C

'"

'

'"

* These factors apply only to non-m9.gnetict.nclosur.::sin whic~ negligible


heat is induced by the current in the' busbar.
.
** To be applied to the ratings for Indal DSOSWP in Tables 2, 3 and 4.
The factors are approximate.
*** Electrical-purity aluminium, material ElEM, IS: 5082-1969 (Wrought
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloys for Electrical Purposes-Bars and
Sections).

In considering bi-metallic joints it should be borne in mind


that any busbar carrying current will be above ambient temperature and js therefore more likelyto be dry than are the surroundings. If it is dry there will be no electrolytic re~ction.
. 64

- -

---

--TABLE 6

Derating Factors for Proximity-Effect: Three-Phase Channel Installation


Two Channels Per Phase In Box Form
-,
Derating Factor
Phase Spacing..
3
4
5
6

..

channel
channel
channel
channel

0.82
0.89
0.95
0.99

width
width
width
width

Width is taken as,,the horizontal measurement W, in Table 3.


TABLE 7

Clearances for Open and Enclosed Indoor Air-Insulated Busbar and


,
Connections(Electrically Non-Exposed)

Clearances for Open Outdoor Busbar and Busbar Connections Not 'Exceeding
15 kV Rated Voltage for Electrically Exposed or Non-Exposed Installations
Rated
Voltage
kV

Minimum
C!e.aranceto
Earth in Air
mm

Minimum
Clearance in
Air Between
Phases mm
~

Not exceeding
6.6
11
15

178
229
267

140
178
216
I

. The
clearances quoted in Tables 8 to 12 should be regarded as the
minimum values which should be used in any circumstance.
Busbar for use in systems with special requirements or 'conditions
requires special consideration and reference phould always be made
to -the details included in B.~. 159: 1957 (Busbars and Busbar Connections), from which Tables 8-12 have been taken. .

--

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TABLE 15

'

Determination of Short-Circuit Heating

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$1

It is assumed that when a through short circuit flows in ,a


busbar all the heat produced is devoted to raising the temperature of the conductor and none escapes by convection or radiation in the very short time of the fault. By equating the heat produced and the heat stored it foIlows tha.1 for aluminium alloy
busbar (TNDAL D50SWP) :

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't

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lie

==

3.41

104

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Where 0p

//og1ofl +0.00395 (Op-20)

T 'V

~,

4 TV

= final
fault

II +0.00395(01- 20)]

:i

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conductor temperature after the fault ( C)

.i~:1

before

the

From these equations it foIlowsthat for busbar of equal area,


aluminium alloy will carry 64 %the short-circuit cunent of copper
for the same temperature rise. For bars of the same continuous
current-carrying capacity the aluminium aIloy will carry 90-95 %

iI

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temperature

COC)

In the above equations the specific heat of Indal D50SWP


has been taken as 0.21 and that of copper as 0.092.

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[ 81+2J3 ]

'

Op+233

jloglo

= cross sectional area of conductor (sq. em.)


T = duration of fault (sec.)

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[ 81 + 258]

81 == initial conductor

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if""

or = 3.41 x 104

'~""

[Og~ Op+258

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And for 100% lACS copper bu~bar :

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11

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/aglO 1+(j-:ooJ6 (8p -:20)


[ 1 + 0.0036 (111- 20) }

if""T

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= 2.17

the short-circuit current, and fo rbars of equal resistance the'


aluminium aIloy bar will carry 120 ~~ the current that a copper

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