w

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e
x
a
m
r
a
c
e
.
c
o
m
4. l'ho funcuon
X 2: I
'"
f (rl=j·
' 2 4
(a) continuou' atx = 1
(c) di<continllOUS au= 1
(liT 1988; 2M)
(b) dilferen!\at>lc at t = 1
(d) differentiable at x 3
5. The folio'< functions are cuntiuuous on (0, n):
(IIT1991;2MI
(a) tan x
'" (" ! di
. '' I
\
. 0 "
nmx, <x<-
(d) 2
" "
-S1Lt(1t+x), -<x<rt
' '
r '"
\
'·"  
(c) 4

3
"<X<1t
' '
D SUBJECTIVE QuESTIONS
1. Let fl'- y) = f (x) + f{y) ti>t all X and y. If the
function f(x) ;, continuous at r = 0. then show that/ (x)
is continuous at all x (ttl 1981; 2M)
2. Detcnnine the value< a, b, c. for"hich tho function
I
sin(a.l)x+sinx fu ,
-- . rx<v
. '
flxl=j '·
I
(x+hx')
1
'' x'''
-.fOD>O

i< continuous nt x =!l
lilT 1982; 3M)
3. Lee/ be a twiLe Jifferentiablo function such th•t
j   f (<L andj' (x) =g (X)
h (x) -lf (x)l' + [,<;{.<)]
2
Pindil(lO).
4. ft.
j-x, 2-<x<:_
(a) Determine the fonn of g (x) =I If (x)] and h<'11"'-'
tind the point' of Jiscontinu1t)" nf any.
(b) Di>CllSS the continuity of j, I' and f ''on [0, 21
lttT 198l' 2M]
r
,'
0:5:.<<1
5. letj(xl= 2' ,
2x' 3 ),;x;;2
- x+z,
Discuss the continuity off, I' tmd .f'' on [0.2].
6. Lot/ (x)=x
3
-x
2
+x+land
f (t);O:>I:>x},O::':x:$1
=3-x, l<r:0:2
(1983: 2M)
Diocu" the continuit)' and differentiability of the
functiuu g (x) in the interval (0, 2). {Ill 1985; SMI
6. l.et h(r) = min {x. x
1
} for every real numhcr ofx, then:
(ItT 1998; 2M)
(a) h is continuous for all x
(b! h is differentiable Oor all x
(c) h' (x) for alln· I
{d) his not differentiable at two \'alues oh.
7.

(ltl2006)
(o) j (r) is continuous cvcrp1 het"
(b) ICr) i.< continuous and diff<rentiabk everywhere
(c) f'(r) is not lferentiahle att"o point>
(d) f (x) is not <lifti:rcntiahle at one
7. Lei f (x! be defined in the intmal[-2,2] such that
-I -2<x<O
. --
x-1,0<x:>2

B.
U.
and 1·1/(xJI.
\'est the differentiability of g (X) in(- 2,2).(111 1986; 5M)
l.et g be • pnlynolllial of degree one and f (x) be
delined :
I
g (x),
,.,
/(.<\= 1(1-tJl
1-,.
.,._(2+l)j
x:>O
x>O
Find the cuntinuous
f'(ll=.ft-ll.
ftmLtion j {x) ""-lisfying
(ttl 1987; 6M)
Let/ (.x) be a continuous and g {x) be a discontinuou'
tlmction. Prove that f (x) + g {x) i' a di<COiltinuous
function. I ItT 1987: 2MI
Let R t>c the set of roal numberS and (: R-;. R be sllch
that for all x andy in R in Rl ((x) -·l(.vJI
2
:;: (< - y)
3
.
Prn>C that f (x) is a e<>T1Stant
Draw a g,raph of the function
ttiT 1988; 2Ml
y=[r]-11-rl. -t :O:x :>3
the ponrts if any, where this funclinn ts not
dofkremiable. (ItT 1989; 4Ml
Find the value' of a and h so thai the function (tiT
I
,, .
X+av .. smx,
f

;, for 0 ,; x ,; "'
O:>.<Sn/4
n/4:>x<;:tl2
1Ii2< X S 7t
A functinn f · R--> R 'alh11es the equ•tion
f (t + Y) = f (x) f tY) for all x, ,1· in Rand .f (.<) ;<0 for
any X in R. I et the !'unction be diff•rentiahlc at.< =0 and
f' (0) 2. Show that j' (.tl = 2f (r) for all x in R. Hence,
de!ermincf (x). (ItT 1990; 4MI
w
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x
a
m
r
a
c
e
.
c
o
m
14. Let
\-COS 4r
d
<'
f (x)=

< -0
-h
"'
)t6+S -4
Determine the value of a if possible, so that the function is
continuoll• at x = 0.
(UT 1!1!10; 4Ml
15. Lerj(x)= 0

" ;;<x<O

0< x< !':
0
Determine a and b such thJl j(x) is continuous atx "0.
(UT 1994; 4Ml
Test whether
(a) /(-<) is continuous at x "0
(b) j (r) i.< ditrerentiable at x =0.
Determine the values of x for which the following
function fail> to be continuous or differentiable:
(Ill SMi
Justil)· your !IJISWcr,
CJ MATCH THE COLUMN
18. Let 11 e R · Prove th>it a function f :R ---+ R is
differentiable at u if ar;U orJy tf tt,ore is a function
g : R ---> R which ;, continuou; at u and satisfies
j (x) - f ("-) = g (x) (r -«) • al, r E R. (tiT 2001; !lM)
19. Lelf(r)={x+a, ifx<O
,x-l, ifr::u
{
x+l, if,<O
and g(x)= (x-1/"+b,
where a and bare reo!   Determine
the c()Jllposite function ..:of lf U;-o!l {x) is continuous for
all real x de!\Omline the values of a and b. Further, for
these values of a and b, is gof differentiable at x "0?
JustifY your !IJISwer.
(ItT 2002; SMI
20.
bsin-'(x+H-
'
'
U<r<-
'
if j (x) is diffenmtiable atx and I i. then find the
valLte of a and prove that 64h
2
; ( 4 - c' Z004; 4M}
21. If f ;[- \]---> R and f' (0) l1m n/(.!.) and f (0) =0.
,_,_oo N}
Find the value of: (liT 20(14; 2M)
I. lnlhe lbllo"'ing denotes the greatest integer Jess than Or equal to X.
Match tile fun<tio.o; in Culumn I with the pror:enies Column U
Column J
(A)
(B) ,_llxl
(C) x-r[r]
(D)
ANSWERS
El FJ11 in the Blanks
(liT 2007)
Column II
(p) continuous in (- 1, 1)
(4) differentiable in(- 1. 1)
(r) stricdy incn:asing (- l, 1 J
(s) not Jilft:rentiable at I""-'( at one point in(- 1, 1)
4.     0, /'Wl= 1 S.xell-{0)
6./-(0) 7.24
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a
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e
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c
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m
I. (d)
8. (b)
15.{d)
l. (b)
(d)
lC.. (a)
3. (a)
111. (c)
17.(b)
l.lJ Objocti .. o (MO«! than ono option)
l.(o.b,d) !.(b.•) 3.(o,b,d)
Jl Subjedive Question•
_, '
l. ""db eR
; '
3. II
   
' ;
m Match Tho Column
'
21.1--
"
l.A.-.p. q, r B---.l, s C-r,' D-p. o
IJ flU. IN THE BLANKS

1
x
1
rx
2
-l6x<20
(.x 21' '

Since oontinuous at x
k lun f(x)
x->2
lim x"+x' -100:+20,
•->
2
(x 2)
2
applying [...Hospital'> rule, we get
4. (a)
ll.(d)
18. (c)
4. (0. b)
t = lim Jx' +2.< -l
6
, (again \iSing L-Hospilal's rule
<->1 2(x 2)
k= lim 00:+
2
_,_., 2
or k=7
f( )
-[(x-1)
2
sin-'--lxl. ifx;tl
2. x- x-1
-1, ifx=l
as,/(x)=
1
(x-1)
2
sin-'--x, o,;;x-{l]
'-'
' '
(r-1) SUI--H.
,_,
_,
Here, f (x) i• not differentiable at x =0 due to I xI
Thus f (x) is not differentiable at x =0
s. (a)
12. (d)
S.{b.c)
(c)
J3. (a)
6. (a, d)
7. (b)
H.(d)
7. (a, d)
3. f!ere, x' + y' 4
••


,--

(
;
--- nO
f(x)= l+e''"''
0, x=O
'
- ""i'il -0
R f' (0) = f' {0+) = lim> 'c•c<
7
_
h
=lim -'-oo
;-.o ).,.e""
_,
0
I+e
111
'
1f' (0) = f' (o-) = lim ''"'c-
._.,- -h
=lim --'-
,_. 0 1
··-
e""
0-'-0•
.. ,
('(0+)=0 and f'(0-)=1
5. Thef\IJlction{(x)=xlxJ
=> j(x)=t>

j(x) is not differentiable at x = 0 but nil R - {0]
J2x. X>O
Thettfore, .f' (x) = [ -2x, x<
0
(given)
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a
m
r
a
c
e
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c
o
m
1
'2,-ll
6. Here, ---:,- i"
' ' '
I
(
o,_''J
-cos -,- "
"
:. j(x)=
.OO:x<l
, ] S X ,2
which sho"'< II..H.L. L.I!.L. at x "E Integer
aslf.x=l
hm cos,-- n=v
. ('' 'l "
,__,,. ' 2
hm 0.,0
.. ,
f (I) =0
:. Continuous at x = 1
Similarl;·. whcnx
lim f(r)= lim j(x)=O
,__,,. ,__,,-
Thus, !Unction i> discontinuous at no x.
Hence, (c) is the correct answer.
7. f (x)=[tan' x]
;r --45'< x< 45'
tan ( -45')< tan H tan ( 45')
-tan 45'< tan x< tan {45')
-l<tanx<-1
O<mn'x<l
[tan' x]=O
[given]
i.e.,/(;>:) is zero for all values of x form 1: = - 45"to 45'.
Thw,f (x )exists when ;r --7 ()and also it is continuous at
r ,o, f {x) is differentiable a1 x = 0 and IJaS a value of
-
'Therefore. (b) is the answer.
hop l'inte ; All inlcgcr.' arc critical point for greatest
mteger fUllcli011.
So.Casel: x<-f
> ' 2 '
j (x)=[x]-- [x ]=x -r-0
Casell: xa
if O<e.«-1, tl1en[x]-'O
and 0<x
1
<l,then[x
2
]=0
Next,ifl<r
1
<2 l<r<Ji
[x]=l JJ>d [x']-1
Therefore, f (-<) = [-< ]
2
- [x
2
] = 0, if k .<< Ji
therefore, f(x) =0, if 0 S >'< .Ji
This shows that j (x) 1> contnmou.s at x l
Ther.JOre, f' (x) is   ;,, ( _, , O)u [,/2, uo) on
other pomt>
Therefore (b) is the answer.
9. Function j (x) - (x
2
- I) [ r
2
- 3r + 2 1 +COS (lx I) ... (I)
Imp Note: In ditferemiaole of If (x)l we ha;·e to
consider cd!ical points for wluch j (x) 0
-"I is nol diiTcrcntiable au = 0
but cmlxl"
{
co•(-r), ifx<O
cosx, ifx:<:O
{
cosr.
co>lxJ=
con,
if x< 0
ifx2:0
Therefore it is differentiable au = 0
Ne>.t, I •' -3x +21 =I (x - l)(r - 2)1
(
(x l)(r 2}, if x<l
= (x-1)(2-x). ifl:£x<1
{x-l)(x-2), if2,;x
Therefore,
l
,
(x" -1) lx ·-I) (x -2) +cosx,
j(x)- -{x
2
-l)(.c-l)(-<-2)+cosx,
(r
2
- l)(x - l)(x - 2) +cos x,

ifl,;x<2
if 2,; X<'>'
Now. r = 1, 2 are critical point for ditferentiabliil)i
Because j (r) is differentiable on other points in its
domain.
Differentiability atx = 1
Lj'(l)= lim /(x)-/(l)
<-->:-0 X J
[
2 cnsx-cmtl
= hm (x -l)(.r-2)+-----··
• x-1
=0-sinl---s.inl
. cos x -co> I d
("-"   _,.
1
dx (cosx).tx=l-0

=
=->in!)
  JJ:J-/_(_1]_
· •-->+ x-1
- ,. [ ; ' ,,, • "''c'c-c"''·'1
- lffi - X - 0<-£1T
•   - 1
= o -sin 1 =- oin 1 (same apfroach)
·: If' (I) =Rj 'Cn Therdore. functiOll is differentiable
Mr=l. ·
Again f/'(2)= lim !Jx)-_(Jll_
,_,,_o x 2

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