INFRASTRUCTURE

PADRÃO FIFA

AA VISITING SCHOOL 2014 RIO DE JANEIRO

ORGANIzED BY THEO THEO SARANTOGLOu
LALIS, DORA SwEIJD, ANNE SAVE DE
BEAuRECuEIL, FRANKLIN LEE
wITH LIVIA DINIz, TIAGO GuIMARÃES
RODRIGuES
© 2013 by AA London, Studio X
Texts by permission of the authors.
Illustrations, models and images by permission of the
authors.
Editorial Coordination: Theo Sarantoglou
Photography: AA Visiting School Rio 2014 Students
Review: Theo Sarantoglou, Dora Sweijd, Anne Save de
Beaurecueil
Design, cover design, and setting: Tiago Guimarães
Rodrigues
Production: AA Visiting School Rio 2014
Bibliographic information by Livia Diniz

The Architectural Association, Inc. is a Registered
Charity Incorporated as a Company limited by guarantee.
Bedford Square, London
http://aaschool.ac.uk/

©2014 Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and
Preservation, Columbia university 1172 Amsterdam
Avenue New York, New York 10027
http://www.arch.columbia.edu/studio-x-global

Studio-X Global Network

06

"FOI-SE A COPA?"
FOI-SE A COPA? NÃO FAZ MAL.
ADEUS CHUTES E SISTEMAS.
A GENTE PODE, AFINAL,
CUIDAR DE NOSSOS PROBLEMAS.
FALTOU INFLAÇÃO DE PONTOS?
PERDURA A INFLAÇÃO DE FATO.
DEIXAREMOS DE SER TONTOS
SE CHUTARMOS NO ALVO EXATO.
O POVO, NOUTRO TORNEIO,
HAVENDO TENACIDADE,
GANHARÁ, RIJO, E DE CHEIO,
A COPA DA LIBERDADE.
Carlos Drummond de Andrade
Rio de Janeiro, 1978

08

1

Socio Political context of Maracana
1.1

1.2

1.3
CIENCIES

Prototyping Ideas

CONTEXT
_MARACANÃ CONTEXT
_HISTORY
_FIFA STANDARDS
_PuBLIC DEMANDS
_COMMuNITIES AND INSTITuTIONNAL NETwORK
_REVERSIBLE INFRASTRuCTuRE
_INDIGENOuS HOuSE
_ESCOLA MuNICIPAL FRIEDNREICH

3.1

CANOPY DEVELOPMENT
_COMPONENT STuDY
_DEPLOYMENT STRATEGIES
_INSTALLATION DESIGN AND IN SITu ASSEMBLY

3.2

URBAN GROUND DEVELOPMENT
_MANuFACTuRING PROCESSES

3.3

DIGITAL TOOLS

URBAN ANALYSIS
_LAND uSE MAPS AND
_PROGRAM ANALYSIS AND NEIGHBOuRING INSTITuTIONS

3.4

MANUFACTURING METHODS

CIRCULATION ANALYSIS AND CARTOGRAPHY OF SITE DEFI_MAP 1. SOLAR STuDY
_MAP 2. CIRCuLATION ANALYSIS
_MAP 3. PROGRAM ANALYSIS
_MAP 4. ACCESS ANALYSIS
_MAP 5. CONCENTRATION ANALYSIS

2

3

4

Studio Life
4.1

EVENTS

4.2

VISITS

4.3

STuDIO LIFE

PROJECT HYPOTHESIS
_PROJECTS

4.4

PARTICIPANTS

2.2

URBAN PROPOSAL

4.5

TEACHING STAFF

2.3

ARCHITECTURAL PROPOSALS

2.4

GROUND FORMATIONS
_DIGITAL TOOLS

Project
2.1

09

AA VISITING SCHOOL
RIO DE JANEIRO
2014

BRIEF

Our objective is to investigate new possibilities for
the urban infrastructure surrounding World Cup
investment to build and renovate stadiums for
the 2014 World Cup in order to meet the required
standard FIFA regulations (‘Padrão FIFA’). At the
same time, there has been a large public demand
for equal investment into transport systems, public
space, and public programs such as hospitals
and schools. The Visiting School will tap into the
momentum of this movement, and promote a series
of interventions within and around the World
Cup structures, proposing new public programs
and standards for their legacy. Students can
choose to focus directly on the Maracanã stadium
in Rio de Janeiro, the venue for the Final match
of the World Cup. The intense ten-day workshop
will employ computational design and digital
fabrication to introduce a design methodology that
creatively automates and promotes transformation,
mutation and complexity for these infrastructure
interventions.
Tuesday 15 – Thursday 24 April 2014

RIO: SOCIO POLITIC

12

MARACANA
CONTEXT
A source of national pride, Maracanã
stadium stirs strong emotion amongst
Rio’s population. Considered to be the most
famous Football Stadium of the world, the
slogan, “O Maraca é nosso!” – or “Maraca
(local nickname for the stadium ) is ours” -,
was the anthem for Rio’s demonstrations
from 2013 until now. Against privatization,
people claimed the stadium as a public
good: “The privatization is an insult to
our national heritage. Maracanã belongs
to Brazil”.
A state-of-the-art stadium is promised
but it has its controversies. Romario, exfootball player, that today is a politician,
historical ground: “Brazil has lost the
World Cup outside the pitch”.
There is a problem with transparency.
The population wants explanations for
everything that concerns Maracanã’s

Another problem is a rigid new set of regulations for spectators: As per
the document below from the Director of Football Operations:
nitely prohibited on the upper and intermediate rings of the stadium.
This measure, for amongst other reasons, is to avoid blocking visibility
and to eventually allow for the installation of advertising panels.
The presidente of the Maracanã Consortium S. A., João Borba, stated
in July 2013:
“We have to work with the football clubs to bring about this change of
habits: like giant banners, bamboo masts, shirtless fans, watching the
on the invitation it was written that a certain type of clothing was ‘not
recommended’. When an English person reads ‘not recommended’, he
understand that he should not use that type of clothing.

“People from all of different
social classes converge at the
biggest sports’ stadium in the
world”
Jornal dos Sports about Maracanã’s inauguration in 19/07/1950

14

15

16

17

infrastructure
PaDraO
fifa

4500

THE QUESTION
OF LEGACY

BUILDERS WORKING
ON
MARACANA

into

opportunities

for

sustainable

<1%

Inspired by public demands and the
World Cup Villages proposed by Sergio
C. Trindade, we have directed the
projects to accommodate multiple,
long-term, everyday programs for a
larger sector of society. By integrating
education institutes, traditional culture,
and local communities from maracanã’s
surroundings, we question what games we
challenge ourselves to play, what we want
to be champions of.
“… the real business of the 2014 World Cup
in Brazil should be to provide long-term
sustainable development opportunities to

OF THE SEATS MEETS
THE ACCESSIBILTY
STANDARDS

8350

FAMILIES REMOVED
IN FAVOR OF THE
CONSTRUCTION SITES

World Cup Final:
(Uruguai x Brazil, 1950)
more than
150,000
people standing up
FEDERATION CUP Final:
(SPAIN x Brazil, 2013)
football ‘opera’
80 000 sitting down

19

170k

FAMILIES REMOVED IN
BRAZIL

R$30 BI

TOTAL SPENT ON THE
BUILDINGS

85%

TOTAL OF THE MONEY
COMING FROM PUBLIC
COFFERS

PUBLIC
DEMANDS
The following is a list of public demands
compiled by the group Consulta
Pública
Popular
(http://consulta.
omaracaenosso.org.br)
produced
through discussions and surveys of
citizens, asking them what they want for
the future of the Maracanã.

20

21

COMMUNITIES AND
INSTITUTIONAL
WORK

REVERSIBLE
INFRASTRUCTURE

Although Maracanã has been completely revitalized
in the past few years to meet FIFA Standards for
2014 World Cup, the area surrounding the stadium

Considering that this site has two completely different use scenarios: one on regular days and another one on mega events days, the project has

football fans entering and exiting the stadium on
mega events days. Besides this, the space has no use
except for runners and cyclists.
This project’s main goal is to bring people to those
spaces on a regular basis, creating a connection
between the stadium and the adjacent buildings –
especially for the Favela da Mangueira, educational
institutes, the Indigenous Museum (Aldeia
Maracanã) and the metro station in the surrounding
area.

on regular days and also to accommodate visitors
coming to the stadium in special days.
To be ideal for both uses, lots of bleachers and
inclined planes were used over the entire site, in a
way to provide a variety of uses, including cultural,
educational, leisure and social activities, without
mega events days.
http://consulta.omaracaenosso.org.br

ANALYSIS: INDIGENOUS
HERITAGE SITE

DIAGNOSIS
INDIGENOUS HERITAGE
ALDEIA MARACANA

01
cultural and architectural value.
02
for Native people.
The site has been neglected by the city for
decades.
03 The Indigenous citizen’s occupation of the
building - called Aldeia Maracanã - has taken
place since 2006.
04 The threat of the building’s demolition
which provoked social movements that forced
the government to renovate the building.
05 There was an arbitrary and violent removal
of the indigenous people that were occupying
the site.

22

PROPOSALS
INDIGENOUS HERITAGE
ALDEIA MARACANA

01 Restoration of the building to maintain its
architectural characteristics.
02 Construction of the Indigenous University of
Maracanã, to create a venue for the production
and spread of indigenous cultural knowledge
through teaching, research and exchanges.
03 Research and production oftraditional native
cuisine.
04 Integration with the adjacent buildings on the
site,especially with the education institutions of
the neighbourhood.

23

Protest and Frustration at Maracanã
Public Meeting

think the petition, the people’s demonstration, isn’t a minority group.

The planned demolition of the Friedenreich Muncipal School, ranked
fourth best public school in the state, to make way for a court has

the protest of a “minority” as “anti-democratic”. He expressed the State’s
pride over the Friedenreich school and assertions that the new one would
be better. He denied the existence of the Aldeia Maracanã indigenous
village, dismissing claims that it is anything other than “ruins with a tree
growing out of the wall”. He then emphasized how the work would ensure

http://rioonwatch.org/?s=maracana+public+meeting

mobilization group Meu Rio whose petition to save the school has over
15,000 signatures. Students and parents protested at Thursday’s meeting,
with comments of disbelief made on the microphone: “The World Cup
will be here for a month and you’re going to demolish a school?”. The
Julio Delamare Aquatic Center and Celso de Barros Athletics Stadium
used by schools and the surrounding communities are also slated for
demolition.

private partnership. I’m leaving and I invite everyone else to come with
me because it’s you [Secretary] that will decided for yourself and we will
go through the legal channels to demand a proper Public Meeting.”

a village of indigenous people from all over Brazil since 2006, the former
Museu do Índio situated next to the stadium is also to be cleared. What is
currently a lively urban village called Aldeia Maracanã with educational
to become a parking lot. Carlos Tukano, an indian from Amazonas who
has lived in Rio for more than 15 years, said “We are not going to negociate
more than 500 years.. We’ve been under pressure for years. We’re not
going to leave. We’re going to create a lot of noise and the government is
going to be viewed very badly”.
The question of democracy, or lack thereof, was raised repeatedly with
protesters calling for the cancellation of the meeting due to the lack
of public consultation as to whether the Maracanã be privatized. One
the requests. The palpable frustration among the crowd and general
sentiment that the meeting wasn’t a valid democratic exercise led the
majority to abandon en masse halfway through.
Aurea Xavier, mother of a student at the Freidenreich Muncipal School
then took to the microphone with an impassioned speech that well
articulates the general mood amongst those present:
“You spoke about the democratic issue. Leglislation dictates that there
has to be public consultation, there has to be a public meeting and who
represents the people at a public meeting are those that attend. None
of the citizens here expressed themselves to be in favor of the publicprivate initiative you’re doing. The people expressed a demand for
the cancellation of the meeting and that the people be consulted. This
meeting is invalid. We’re not going to stay here because we can see that
it’s a farse… The petition we handed you is signed by 15,000 people. I

24

25

ANALYSIS:
FRIEDENREICH HIGH
SCHOOL

DIAGNOSIS
FRIENDERICH HIGH SCHOOL

01 Considered a “model” school.
02 It is the 4th best public junior-high school in
the city.
It is the10th among public Junior high schools
in Brasil.
03 There is a strong bond between school
employees, students and parents.
04 There is high quality infrastructure.
05 The school is a reference for accessibility.
One of the main concerns regarding the city’s project
for Maracanã stadium is the plan to demolish and
relocate the 48-year-old Public Junior High School
Friendenreich. The school would lose its identity and
this would be a great loss to the city.

06 The demolition is planned for 2014, to allow
for the construction of warm-up facilities for
athletes.

26

PROPOSALS
FRIENDERICH HIGH SCHOOL

01 Non-removal of the school
02 Renovation according to the school’s
community demands
03 Integration with the sports and cultural
building on Maracanã Complex
04 Public School Frienderich to be considered
as city heritage landmark status.

27

URBAN
ANALYSIS

urban analysis

30

higher circulation intensity
mild circulation intensity
low circulation intensity

31

urban analysis

Concentration of People_X_
Movement Intensity:
The mega-event scenario
Poles of people concentration and
areas of fast movement of
pedestrians

Spaces of
concentration of
people standing.

Spaces within a high
speed of movement of
pedestrians.

urban analysis

32

Physical space
quality_diagram
Spaces that can attract or repulse
pedestrians considering only the
quality of their physical space

Spaces with a good
balance between area
of stay and crossing
area, shadow and sun
light, and well prepared for their activities
Sketch
S
ketch o
off the
the inicial
inicial idea
idea

Spaces unsafed,
uncomfortable, durty,
not prepared for
pedestrians activities
and without good
mobility.

Buildings that have a
great physical space
related to their scale in
the neighborhood,
materials and also
have balance between
public and private
space.

33

urban analysis

Uses
quality_diagram
Spaces that attract people
because of its potential of
use and apropriation, that
sometimes are necessary
to the people.
-

Spaces that repulse people
because of its missing of
potential of use.

Points that are attractive
to people because of
its uses.

urban analysis

urban analysis

red areas are hot concentration points:
places with high density and programs
blue areas are cold repulsion points:
places with few or no density and programs
analysing the map, yellow mild areas can be

concentration and flows

urban analysis

36

flow lines are analised as possible
itineraries to reach the interest hot areas
of concentration
flow lines are repulsed by abandoned places
and established programs

concentration and flows

37

urban analysis

38
0

50

100

200

300

0

50

100

200

300

Mangueira

Metro station

Minha Casa
Minha Vida

Brazilian Institute of
Geography and
Statistics (IBGE)

Train
Railway
Favela

Metro Railway
Maracanã
Complex
Hospital
Main
Roads

Veiga de
Almeida
university

Cultural Space

Zoo

UERJ
(state
university)

Quinta da Boa
Vista Park

Secundary
School

Military area

NN

Secondary Roads

Local Roads

39
Program

urban analysis
circulation analysis

100
0

50

200

100

300

200

300

Mangueira
Favela

Metro station

Mangueira
Minha
Casa
FavelaVida
Minha

Metro
station
Brazilian
Institute of

Minha Vida
Maracanã
Complex

Minha Casa

Brazilian Institute of
Geography
and
Cultural Space
Statistics (IBGE)

Maracanã

Cultural Space

Complex
Hospital
Hospital

UERJ
(state
UERJ
university)
(state

university)
Secundary
School
Secundary

Geography and
Statistics (IBGE)

Veiga de
Almeida
university
Veiga de
Almeida
university

Zoo
Zoo

Quinta da Boa
Vista Park

Quinta da Boa
Vista Park

N
N

Military area

Military area

School

Program
Program

urban analysis
program analysis

VIA

CI C

LO
V

IA

CICLO

CI
CL
OV

0

50

100

200

300

0

50

100

200

300

IA

Access

Mangueira
Favela

Metro station

Minha Casa
Minha Vida

Brazilian Institute of
Geography and
Statistics (IBGE)

Maracanã
Complex

Cultural Space

Hospital

Zoo

UERJ
(state
university)

Quinta da Boa
Vista Park

Secundary
School

Military area

Veiga de
Almeida
university

N

N

Access
Program

urban analysis
access analysis

0
0

50
50

100
100

200
200

300
300

3

2

1

Mangueira
Favela

Metro station

Minha Casa
Minha Vida

Brazilian Institute of
Geography and
Statistics (IBGE)

Maracanã
Complex

Cultural Space

Hospital

Zoo

UERJ
(state
university)

Quinta da Boa
Vista Park

Secundary
School

Military area

Veiga de
Almeida
university

N

N

Concentration of people

Program

urban analysis
concentration analysis

0

0

50

50

100

100

200

200

300

300

6h

Metro station

Mangueira
Favela

Veiga de
Almeida
17h
university

11:30h

Minha Casa
Minha Vida

Brazilian Institute of
Geography and
Statistics (IBGE)

Maracanã
Complex

Cultural Space

Hospital

Zoo

UERJ
(state
university)

Quinta da Boa
Vista Park

Secundary
School

Military area

Shadow Path

N

N

Program

urban analysis
solar analysis

PROJECT hypothesis:
o maracA É NOSSO

PROJECT

The proposal’s main challenge was to
accommodate the public demands of
events days, when big empty open spaces
are needed to manage the extremely high
attract other type of users, and to connect
Maracanã Stadium’s landscape area to
adjacent buildings – such as UERJ (State
University of Rio de Janeiro), Indigenous
Museum (Aldeia Maracanã), Public Junior
High School Friendereich, Metro Station
and Favela da Mangueira.

DELAMINATING
FLOWS
Multi-functional delaminating flows which organize clusters
of social, cultural and educational programs to accommodate
the indigenous people’s demands, such as the realization of
social movements and the dissemination of their culture in
order to integrate indigenous community in the society and to
revive the memory of the area.
This space can also be used for educational purposes to support
the University of Maracanã’s – Aldeia Maracanã project that
will be developed in the former Indigenous Museum’s building.

50

GROUND
FORMATIONS

A network of ground formations of variable socialization
was designed. The preliminary hypothesis was that the rapid
expansion of information technologies and greater efficiency
in transportation networks has diluted the distinction between
working, living and leisure affecting the way we design and
experience boundaries in architecture. Given the coexistence
between the sports events and the nested civic programs,
a strategy of buildings without walls was developed for
keeping enclosure at a minimum and capitalizing on exterior
occupancy. The purpose was to design a set of programmatic
elements for sitting, teaching, performing and gradually
merging them with more neutrally programmed grounds
that are optimized for flows. Through a series of digital design
workshops, we developed new boundaries and thresholds
through surface studies involving folding, pinching, splitting,
stepping, terracing, blending, and bending. The focus of
our experimentation was on how landform is derived:
from pedestrian flows, the organization of perception and
socialization. Through our design, we challenged notions
of established hierarchy (the stadium as monument and the
ground platform), ownership and defined new instances of
civic appropriation.

ground formations
André Fernandes & Blaz Grudnik Tominc

ground formations
André Fernandes & Blaz Grudnik Tominc

52

53

ground formations
Pedro Magalhães & Clarice Rohde

TWAIN
CURVES
The intervention consists in topographical surfaces
site, instigating people to appropriate from the forms,
that suggest some uses.
Next to the Public School Friendereich, there is a platform
that suggests an amphitheater for the kids to play and
experience life on a stage. The surface also serves to the
crowds that concentrate in this area during game days.
The Bellini statue was revalued with some steps that
allow people to come closer to a national idol. Beside the
and provides some pleasant spots to stay and enjoy the
day. The intervention also supports ephemeral street
market, the “ambulantes”, which make their lives selling
on streets. This informal market will take over the area
with itinerant modules moved by cycling, that which
vendor will personalize, with a “jeitinho brasileiro”.

ground formations
Pedro Magalhães & Clarice Rohde

54

55

ground formations
Pedro Magalhães & Clarice Rohde

pedestrian pathway
lines and points of attraction

topography created

base grid and points

topography created

surface
point of attraction and
influenced aereas

contour

ground formations
Pedro Magalhães & Clarice Rohde

extrude in Y and Z
direction

56

57

LEVEL
BRIDGE

bridge should also have social activities – such as free
health support, informal markets, an open library,

Due to the politics of the favela inhabitants’ exclusion
and the prohibition of non-paying people to the
stadium’s surrounding public landscape, the bridge –
that nowadays connects UERJ, Maracanã and Metro
Station - was redesigned to include Favela da Mangueira
to the site creating both physical and social connections.
Physically, an expansion for the bridge was proposed
to connect the Metro Station and the favela. The new

level on event days so the everyday activities will not
be an obstacle for the large amount of people accessing
Maracanã’s Stadium.

activities occurring every day, including mega events.
The idea is to have these activities happening on the
metro access level on a regular basis – because of the

ground formations
Vitor Vieira, Denivaldo Pereira e Antonio Maurício

higher level for other
activities

street with informal
market

VERTICAL STRUCTURES ON
THE BRIDGE

these vertical structures are also marking
some bifurcation of the bridge

ground formations
Natalia Meyohas & Lis Pamplona

58

FLOWS CURRENT SITUATION

59

Always empty

Place where people stay in soccer days

Place of passage

Car flows

ground formations
Natalia Meyohas & Lis Pamplona

ATHLETICS
CONVENTION
HALL
Bleachers arise from the ground following a triangular
modulation. Under the bleachers, there are some internal
spaces that will be used for educational and social activities.
The users also can go upstairs to access the balcony to view
the site landscape or watch races from an elevated perspective.

ground formations
Tiago Guimarães & Jonas Abreu

60

final _ model

61

ground formations
João Manoel Brino & Antonio Maurício

62

63

CANOPY &
URBAN GROUND
DEVELOPMENT
The canopy was designed to be adaptable to
different uses and activities around Maracanã
Stadium, from sports events to the proposed
everyday public activities, offering much
needed shaded space on the expansive site. The
structural anchoring strategy emerges from
characteristics of the site to support vaulting
minimal surface configurations made up of
smaller components.

canopy development
deployment strategy

66

CANOPY
DEVELOPMENT
A shadow analysis of the site was conducted to
determine locations of high solar exposure that need
high points of the site were located, for example the
tops of lighting posts and other structures to serve as
a triangulated support network for a system of cable
structures to support the vaults of the canopies.

67

INSTALLATION DESIGN
IN-SITU ASSEMBLY
A prototype of the canopy structure was built
within the Studio X space. Curved pipe vaults were
suspended from the existing trusses of the space
to support a system of chords that thread through
the eyelets of the components. The overall global
formation was determined through a series of formattraction points was used to distribute a gradating

68

69

canopy development
color coding elements

70

COMPONENT STUDY

71

3,1%

2,1%

2,8%

2,5%

black

blue

49,5%

purple

white

21,2%

pink

gray

16,2%

red

transparent

site canopies. The individual components can
double in width, creating elastic transformations
depending on the global geometry. The
component was manufactured by c.n.c. milling a
mold of foam, and thermo-forming foam sheets
on top of the mold. Eyelet rivets on four points
of the component allow for a diamond grid tiling
connection strategy. Finally, cables are run
through the component eyelets to suspend them
from supporting vault structures.

2,6%

Components

V1

V2

V3_final

canopy development
component study

72

Grids and development

V1

V2

V3_final

73

Compression and Tension

Compression

13.50
MIN

canopy development
component study

Normal

36.00

Tension

50.50
MAX

74

Space development

75

Section Arch type 1

Perspective Arch type 1

Section Arch type 2

Perspective Arch type 2

Canopie

canopy development
mesh and color coding

76

125

164

382

77

22
19
16
24
20

canopy development
instalation design

canopy development
instalation design

New urban landscape

Redefining existing shapes
Community centre

Connecting neighborhoods

Indigenous University of Maracanã

urban grounds development
André Fernandes & Blaz Grudnik Tominc

82

URBAN GROUND
DEVELOPMENT
A network of ground formations of variable
socialization was designed. The preliminary
hypothesis was that the rapid expansion of
transportation networks has diluted the distinction
the way we design and experience boundaries in
architecture. Given the coexistence between the
sports events and the nested civic programs, a
strategy of buildings without walls was developed
for keeping enclosure at a minimum and capitalizing
on exterior occupancy. The purpose was to design a
set of programmatic elements for sitting, teaching,
performing and gradually merging them with more
neutrally programmed grounds that are optimized
workshops, we developed new boundaries and
thresholds through surface studies involving folding,
pinching, splitting, stepping, terracing, blending,
and bending. The focus of our experimentation was
the organization of perception and socialization.
Through our design, we challenged notions of
established hierarchy (the stadium as monument
new instances of civic appropriation.

83

urban grounds development
André Fernandes & Blaz Grudnik Tominc

84

85

urban grounds development
André Fernandes & Blaz Grudnik Tominc

86

87

urban grounds development
André Fernandes & Blaz Grudnik Tominc

creation of triangulation based on interconnection
of points

development _ triangulation

urban grounds development
Tiago Guimarães & Jonas Abreu

90

canopy

topography entrance

balcony

bleachers

isometric_model

91

creation of slopes, stairs and quiosques
based on the triangulation lines

development _ geometry

urban grounds development
Tiago Guimarães & Jonas Abreu

92

93

urban grounds development
Tiago Guimarães & Jonas Abreu

urban grounds development
Tiago Guimarães & Jonas Abreu

urban grounds development
Tiago Guimarães & Jonas Abreu

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BENCH
cut operation
Compositions

Using a foam block of 3m x 1m x
0.5m. We have made simply
shapes and forms to have the
maximum use and minimum
waste of the cuts areas. So we’ve
decide to make cuts that can be
use the positive and negative
areas.

Pie
ces

By cutting de
foam, we have
this 6 forms and
8 pieces above,
that we can
organize as we
want.

Here we have the cuts diagrams

urban furniture development
Victor Vieira & Antonio Maurício

100

When finished, we questioned the feasability of the design, taking in consideration the
amouth of material, tools and time on our
hands. We decided to design another version, maintaining the same creative process
but trying to suceed where we had previously failed.

to minimize the amout of material used but to maximize
the amout of interactions between the modules we
designed two modules and mirrored them, so we had four
modules which we could produce using only two pairs of
guides

101

1m

0.5m

Bench

After that we begane curving the form in order
to mazimize the quantity and versatility of the
form

Using our intial designs and studies on
urban planning and transformtions we
began working on the design of a
bench that could be built on real size.
Due to the very limeted amount of material that we had available (a single
block of 3m x 1m
x 0.5m of foam) we tried do develop a
design which would leave the minimum amount of waste as possible. The
best tools we had available the project
were a “hot wire cutter” and guide
lines which we would design digitaly
and use a 3 axis CNC router to produce
in real size.

We began the design process by creating
two different modules of seating spaces,
for one person and two people. We then
modified the geometry to make it more
ergonomic and and increase the the
possiblities of interactions between the
geometries.

And to make the volume more interesting but
keeping in mind our production constraints we
designed a bottom for the piece.

Above, the main geometry that we
decided upon.

1m

0.5m

Spaces were created in the unused
parts of the seat where we will
add greenery.

3m

urban furniture development
Victor Vieira & Antonio Maurício

102

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urban furniture development
wood mold

urban furniture development
assembly sequence

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DIGITAL
TOOLS
To accommodate this respon¬siveness, the design was
developed using parametric associative modeling – as
Rhinoceros and Grasshopper - and digital fabrication
using the CNC, Laser Cutters and 3D Printer.

MANUFACTURING
METHODS

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STUDIO LIFE

STUDIO X

LECTURERS
Paula Camargo - Centro Carioca de Design
Renato Cosentino - Comitê Popular da Copa e
Olimpíada
Pedro Rivera - Studio X

studio life
presentations

114

studio life
lectures

studio life
Maracanã visit

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117

studio life
barracão visit

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119

Theo Sarantoglou Lalis & Dora
Sweijd

FRANKLIN LEE & ANNE SAVE DE
BEAURECUEIL

Are the founding directors of LASSA (lassa-architects.
com), an international architecture and urban design

Are directors of SUBdV (www.SUBdV.com), using a
mixture of high and low design technologies to generate
socially and environmentally responsive geometries for
architecture and urban design projects. They were AA
Diploma Unit 2 Masters from 2005 to 2010 and taught at
the Pratt Institute and Columbia University in New York,
from where they both also received Master’s degrees.
They have published, exhibited and lectured about their
work worldwide, including the Beijing Biennale, the
Rotterdam Biennale, the Athens Synthasoris Exhibition,
the London Festival of Architecture, and the Festival of
Electronic Language (FILE) in São Paulo. The work of
AA Diploma Unit 2 has been featured in AD, ArchiCree,
and the AA Agendas 7 Articulated Grounds: Mediating
Environment and Culture publication. They are also
currently coordinating the AA Brazil Visiting Schools and
are working on architecture projects for various grassroots
micro-agencies, ranging from self-organized favela
residents’ associations, to carnival samba schools in Rio
de Janeiro, to a former boxer champion’s informal sports
academy under the viaducts in São Paulo. These projects
are realised through a negotiation between formal and
informal entities, as well as between public and private
agencies, to produce socially empowering interventions,
combining computation and digital fabrication with local
techniques, materials and economies.

currently focusing on commissions in Europe, Asia and
the North Africa. Since 2009, Theo and Dora are involved
in academic research at the Architecture Association
through the work of diploma 17. Dora Sweijd received
her masters from the Bartlett School of Architecture in
London. She previously worked at a number of practices
in Brussels, London and NY including REX and Foster
+ Partners. Theo Sarantoglou Lalis received his masters
from the Bartlett school of Architecture in London. He
has taught postgraduate studios at Columbia University
and Harvard University. Prior to founding LASSA, he
held project director positions at Future Systems and
Asymptote. In 2010, LASSA was awarded a European
partnership with world leading specialists as well as
research institutions throughout Europe and was recently
shortlisted for the Chernikov award. LASSA is a chartered
architecture company with the Architects registration
board (ARB) in London, UK.

Orion Campos is an architect who graduated from UNESP-Bauru in 2010 and participated in the the AA Visiting School Rio
de Janeiro in April 2012 as well as the ‘Responsive Architecture Studio’ at UNICAMP in the second semester of 2012. He has
architectural project. Actually he works at SUBdV (www.SUBdV.com).

Lívia Diniz is a member of the Samba School for Kids Pimpolhos da Grande Rio’s artistic team and works with Art Direction
and scenography projects combining carnival esthetics with visual arts, reused materials, social approaches and technology.

Alex A. Tsolakis, born in Athens gained a Diploma in Architecture at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, before under taking a Master of Arts at the Staedelschule Frankfurt a.M, In 2009 established alphataf - a studio for spatial practice, focusing
on architectural consultancy and multimedia installations (Gesamtkunstwerk), www.alphataf.com. Alex is a co-founder and
creative director of Blank Slate Journal launched in 2013, www.blankslate.de

Victor Sardenberg works at SUBdV (www.SUBdV.com), holds a diploma of Architect and Urbanist from Instituto Presbiteriano
Mackenzie, is co-writer of “Arquiteturas Avançadas” blog at Revista aU, member of the research group Teo.Pro (Theory and
Project in Digital Era) and of the artistic ensemble EPICAC Tropical. His activities are between architecture, arts, sound
installations and computation.

Joseph Swan is an architect from Ireland, who received his diploma from the University of Ireland. He has worked for
Heneghan Peng Arquitetos in Ireland, as well as the Advanced Geometry Unit, created by Cecil Balmond at Ove Arup Engineers
in London. He specializes in parametric design and advanced digital fabrication technologies.
He is currently working in Brazil.

Students 2014
Jonas Abreu

abr.jonas@gmail.com

JoÃo Manoel Caldeira Brino

joao_manoelcb@hotmail.com

Andre Correa Fernandes

andre.correa.fernandes@gmail.com

Mariana Crego

marianacrego@gmail.com

Rodolfo de Albuquerque Torres

at.rodolfo@gmail.com

Jure Glusic

glusic.jure@gmail.com

Blaz Grudnik Tominc

blaz.gt@gmail.com

Tiago Guimaraes

tiago@stmg.com.br

Pedro Magalhães

pedrohfmagalhaes@gmail.com

Nathália Meyohas

nath_meyohas@hotmail.com

Lis Pamplona

lispamplona@gmail.com

Denivaldo Pereira

denivaldopereira@uol.com.br

Antonio Pessoa Mauricio

antoniomauricio93@gmail.com

Fabiano Pires

fabianopiresarq@gmail.com

Clarice Rohde

claricediasrohde@gmail.com

Maria Elisa Vianna

elisarrvianna@gmail.com

Vitor Vieira

b_vieiravitor@live.com

Felipe Ferreira

ferreira.design@hotmail.com

CREDITS
1. http://www.pop.com.br/esportes/copa-do-mundo/Copa-do-Mundo-de-2014-tem-gastos-elevados-em-R--2-5-bilhoes-963717.
html
2.http://www.jogadaensaiada.com.br/especial-je-maracana-como-nasceu-o-templo-do-futebol.html
3. http://revistabahia.com.br/2014/02/27/abraji-denuncia-19-agressoes-a-jornalistas-em-manifestacao-contra-a-copa-em-sp/
4. http://tribunadonorte.com.br/news.php?not_id=254275
5. http://www.humorpolitico.com.br/ruas-que-falam/ruas-que-falam-parte-3/
6. https://www.facebook.com/aldeia.maracana.3?fref=ts
7. http://www.dignow.org/area/os-protestos-a-copa-e-a-cidade-5914447-89943
8. http://cmais.com.br/jornalismo/cidades/protesto-contra-a-copa-reune-mil-pessoas-e-termina-com-depredacao-em-sao-paulo
9. https://www.facebook.com/events/631520826877750/
10. http://www.otempo.com.br/cidades/protestos-deixam-rastro-de-destruição-sujeira-e-pichação-em-belo-horizonte-1.666111

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