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Course

Book
I}
I
Series Editors
Angela Cussons
francesca
Stafford
r,
HEINLE
- CENGAGE
Learning.
Contents
Eet$+
Clever Housinq
page 5
The Working World
page 13
Followers of Fashion
Page
21
That's Entertainment!
page 29
Reading Link
lntelligent Housing
comprehension questlons
All in a Day's Work!
multiple choice
Fairfield College of Fashion
missing senfences
Background lnformation
on the Different Dances
multiple matching
,-.k
#t
@
@
Vocabulary Link
phrasal verbs.
confusing worcs
employment-'e a:?: r, :
-::
prepositions
clothing-relatec .ia':s,..ar:
formation. ssri-3 ^; .,,:r=
word formatior
entedainment-rela:a: r, :':s
prepositions
Grammar Link
-= - -)
a:out the present
2
- -;
acout the past,
-:3:
:: .',ould and belget used to
-a - ^g
acout the future
=:.
:r. cf tenses I
& *n.r" on Earth?
page 39
On Your Marks
Page
47
Wheels, Wings and
Other Thinos
page 55
The Survival Guide for
Adventure Seekers
c o m p rehe n si on questi o n s
Come Fly With Me!
multiple choice
Go-Kafiing
mlssrng sentences
The Work of the Rainforest
multiple matching
,#e
6e
phrasal verbs.
place-related worcis
word formation.
made byl from,
sport-related words
adverbs,
so/such
word formation,
linking phrases
I t^^^
^
I
r
--i
> I
Dr<ar\/a I
Comparatives and Superlatives,
prefer ... to ....
'ttoulo rather ... than ...
Passive ll.
Verbs with two objects
@
rr," worrd ororn[ln?
u.
6,r.--e
de
@
6@
In-Store lnnovations
page 73
The Things They Do for Us
Page
81
The Power of Nature
Page
89
Wish You Were Here!
page 97
Dear Gilbert
comprehension questions
The Make-A-W ish Foundation
multiple choice
Gone With the Wind
missing senfences
Happy Holidays!
multiple matching
confusing words,
prepositions
phrasal verbs,
word formation
put and lake, phrasal verbs,
-ever words
word formation,
holiday-related words,
prepositions
Questions
Reported speech,
Reporting verbs
Relative Clauses I
Relative Clauses ll
i rst r(rr rg I li
;agc
,07
& ffi.
r Pmnd, ffil*ri*i"rs F*od
nine
llq
J
q-*
r-essel:s to Learn
r& Sfdfiff{ r^ sh"\ rui^.**
^s
n-...""",."n,
l*
lt,'!te lcat:
. ,,,18 lll
,at^t-^r^ hi^-,,
comprehension guestlons
'-?s' i cl: i1r I ler-o r:) :,ia:J
multiple choice
i n^^'-,;+^
missing sentences
i.t :,1::, i;.t.t: i;:,,r,i; Jtl.l,
multiple matching
phrasal verbs,
confusing words
expressions of quantity,
restaurant-related words,
word formation
confusing words,
education-related verbs,
prepositions
confusing words,
progress-related verbs,
computer-related words
Conditionals
as long as, even if, in case, provided
Articles,
Determiners
Modals ll
Causative
rth
uw&
''i:tll,#
1.ti,ij-t.n
Relationshios
'
Page
141
Whodunnit?
page 149
Get the Message
page 157
Street Gangs in the USA
c o m p re he n s i on queslions
The Valley of Fear
multiple choice
Digital Photography
missing sentences
No Script Necessary
multiple matching
family tree,
family-related words
conlusing words,
phrasal verbs
word formation,
prepositions
word {ormation,
arts-related words
Wishes,
It's high time, had befter, would rather
Review of tenses ll
Modals lll
Gerund and lnfinitive land ll
.-.
&:*tE The Performinq Arts
''.;r::,{ii,$
page 165
Grammar Reference page 175
Answers to Units 8 and S page 191
I
to
1..:.J::r:i:.r:... : ..:: -::
Listening Link
multiple choice
(understanding gist)
sentence completion
multiple matching
multiple choice
$..peak-ing
Link
giving personal information
photo discussion
(giving your opinion)
exchanging and justifying
opinions
(decision-making)
exchanging and expressing opinions
:i::::4,,::::.::::.-,.:::::::::,::i-rjli_::-r:!:::,ti,t:::j_. !_,_:_.,::il:.:..!:..:....,,:=.::,..:j.;...r:..+;.,z;:t:1r:i:'j:
Writing Link
informal, non-transactional letter
(personal news)
transactional letter
(ob application)
article
(general interest)
descriptive essay
(event)
multiple choice
(main points)
sentence completion
multiple matching
multiple choice
giving personal in{ormation
photo discussion
(giving personal information)
exchanging and justifying
opinions
(speculating)
exchanging and expressing opinions
descriptive essay
(place)
transactional letter
(enquiry)
inlormal repod
discursive essay
(offering solutions to a problem)
multiple choice (mood and attitude)
sentence completion
multiple matching
multiple choice
giving personal information
photo discussion
(giving your opinion)
exchanging and justifying
opinions
(decision-making)
exchanging and expressing opinions
discursive essay
(giving your opinion)
descriptive essay
(person)
story
(begin or end with given words)
transactional letter
(asking for and giving information)
I
Ced
multiple choice
(function, location, role, relationship)
sentence completion
multiple matching
multiple choice
giving personal information
photo drscussion
(giving personal information)
exchanging and justifying
opinions
(prioritising)
exchanging and expressing opinions
transactional letter
(suggestions and recommendations)
formal report
(suggestions
and recommendations)
story
(begin with given words)
informal, non-transactional e-mail
(apology)
I
her
multipie choice
sentence completion
multiple matching
multiple choice
giving personal information
photo discussion
(giving your opinion)
exchanging and justifying
opinions
(decision-making)
exchanging and expressing opinions
essay
(advantages
and disadvantages)
essay (set text)
transactional letter
(complaint)
informal, non-transactional Ietter
(giving information)
Glever Housing
Learning Link
In this unit you will learn
.
words and phrases to help you talk about housing and your neighbourhood.
.
to ask and answer questions about your home and neighbourhood.
o
to write an informal letter giving personal news.
o
to talk about the present.
GI
Discuss these questions with a partner.
Can you think of three ways in which a house of the future might
be different from the house you live in at the moment?
Think of all the switches, buttons, etc you use in your house to
turn things on and off. Which of these do you think we
could control automatically?
Make a list of some of the things we waste in our homes every day.
How could a house of the future reduce this waste?
UNIT 1 Glever Housing
@
Reading Link I
EI
Read the article to find out vrhat an intelligent house can do for the family that lives in it.
Have you ever thought
about how your body
works? Every day you
make your body do lots
of different actions, such
as when
you walk, talk,
or dance. But at the
same time,
your
body
automatically does many
other things that are
essential for everyday
life. For instance, when
you blink or yawn or
breathe,
you
don't have to
think about what you are doing; your
body simply carries out these tasks for
you. You might think this is strange, but the
latest houses are like this, too.
Now, thanks to the work of some far-sighted
architects and designers, houses have become
more
'intelligent'.
lt isn't
quite true to say
that houses are starting to think for
themselves, but some modern homes
are now using sophisticated
technology to control many of the
routine
jobs
that up to now have
always been our responsibility.
For years,
architects and builders
have been trying to find ways
to make houses more economical and
comfortable to live in, as well as trying to
reduce the amount of damage that houses do to the
environment. 'lntelligent' housing seems to be the
ideal solution. Clever use of building materials and
techniques has brought us houses that are easier
and cheaper to keep warm than traditional housing.
Modern water systems, together with the recycling
of washing water from bathrooms and kitchens,
means that'intelligent' houses use 30% less water
than conventional homes.
'lntelligent' homes
might look a little
unusual from the
outside. This is
because the bullders
use a lot of glass and wood
to make the walls. Some of the houses
even have a grass roof because it's kinder to the
atmosphere! But, inside, they are comfortable and
bright. The technology, which is similar to that of
your TV remote control, makes sure of this. There
are always enough lights on in every room and the
windows close when it starts to rain. The water is
always at the correct temperature whenever
you want
to have a shower and the house doesn't allow you to
use more water than you need. You can even watch
television in every room, or use the closed-circuit
cameras to see what's happening in the garden.
Until recently, we have always had to think about
everything we want our house to do. lf we have
wanted it to be warmer or cooler, lighter or darker,
we have had to turn the heating or lighting on or
off. However, for some families already living in
'intelligent' houses, daily life has
changed in many ways. They don't
worry about turning off the light
or locking the door before they
go out. The house does allthis
for them. Families in
'intelligent'
houses don't have to do as much
work to keep their home clean and
comfortable
-
and the hi-tech kitchen means it isn't
to prepare family meals.
However, what happens, for example, if the
computer systems that control everything in the
house suddenly break down? What can we do if a
computer virus somehow
gets into the system and
changes allthe automatic
programs? What is more,
'intelligent' houses aren't cheap and not everybody
can afford to buy one. Designers are working on
these and other problems, so'intelligent' houses
are still improving. Who knows, perhaps some
designers are trying to create a house that can even
do your homework!
.\
I
I
s
)
ur.rrr 1 Clever Housing
@l
Read the article again and answer the questions.
Who has been designing new kinds of 'clever'houses?
2 What is the difference in the water consumption of intelligent' houses?
3 Why do'intelligent'homes look different?
4 What are these new homes like inside?
5 Why are the new kinds of hi-tech kitchens important?
6 What are two of the problems with 'intelligent' homes?
vo--c*3.F--..9.!.?*-ry- Link
EI
Find these words in the article and circle the correct meanings.
HINTS
Don'l ponic when you see words lhol you don't know; you moy be oble to do the losk without understonding
lhose words.lf you do need to undersiond them,look ol the CONTEXT. This meons thinking oboul lhe
meoning of the senlence lhe word is in ond trying to guess whol lhe word mighl meon.
1 intelligent(heading)
2 essential (para 1)
3 latest (para 1)
4 far-sighted (paraZ)
5 sophisticated (para2)
6 solution (para 3)
7 conventional (para 3)
8 similar to (para 4)
9 virus (para 6)
10 afford (para 6)
a clever
b modern
a necessary
b wanted
a very last
b most recent
a being able to see a long way
b able to imagine future needs
a advanced
b old-fashioned
a touch
b answer
a traditional
b new
a like
b different from
a something which causes damage
b something which helps
a have enough time for
b have enough money for
UNIT'l Clever Houslng
@
Gl
Match the phrasal verbs to their meanings.
I break down
2 callin
3 carry out
4 getawaywith
5 go off
6 goup
7 pull down
8 sort out
9 turn on
10 work out
f,|
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs from task E.
This light automatically when it gets dark.
The houses in this area are very popular at the moment, so prices
3
4
5
6
7
very quickly.
This machine uses the latest technology to
I
2
many every day tasks.
We decided to
the building as it was going to cost too much to repair.
cats got into the empty house through an open window and the burglar alarm
I must call a technician because my washing machine agarn.
allowed to
The architects who designed the building that collapsed
it!
My parents' house is close to where
see them every day.
I work. so it's easy for me to
I must sit down this weekend and
my living room.
10 Moving is an excellent time to
things you don't use anymore.
sl
Circle the correct words.
1 Jenny's new dishwasher is very economic
/ economical
;
it doesn't use as much electriciqr as her old one.
2 Ite had such a tiring day, I think I'll do I take ashower before we have dinner.
3 Cathy likes living in the country because she can breathe
/ breath fresh air.
4 Don't forget to turn off the kitchen
/ stove when you've finished making dinner.
5 You can put that equipment down in
/ on the basement if you want to.
6 Don't forget to close
/ turn off the lights when you go to bed.
7 Martin is buying a beautiful new apartment in / on the tenth floor of this building.
8 You can get to the garden by going down the stairs / steps at the side of his house.
9 Michael's decided to live on his own, so he's looking for an apartment to rent / hire .
10 Lots of young couples get a(n) mortgage
/ overdraft from the bank to buy their own houses.
l-
Gr!
A lncrea-\e rn numher rrr \ alue
b stop sorkinr
c destror a huilding
d make somethins $trrk bv moving a switch
e visit
f follou'instructions:dt'r
g tidy; organise
h escape punishment
i calculate
j
make a loud noise
last week shouldn't be
and
how much it will cost to redecorate
your cupboards and throw away
fE)
urur 1 crever Housins
LGLe"u.E*e.r*=Lj=p*K
Look at these examples from the article.
I ... your body automatically does many other things ...
2 ... houses have become more 'intelligent.'
3 ... some modem homes are now using sophisticated technologt ...
4 ... builders have been trying to
find
ways to ...
Which sentence is an example of:
the Present Simple?
the Present Continuous?
the Present Perfect Simple?
the Present Perfect Continuous?
Now work with a partner to answer these questions.
Which example talks about:
a a law of nature?
b an action that is happening at or around the time of speaking?
c an action that started before now and still continues?
d an action that happened at an unstated time in the past that is important now?
The present tenses all talk about something that is connected to the
Study the Grammar Reference for Unit 1 on pages 775-176 before you do the tasks.
one.
It
Circle the correct words.
Miss Grant
Miss Grant
(1)
is living / lives in a large mansion. She (2) has been living
/ is living there for ten
years, but I (3)
only meet lhave only met her recently.
She is a teacher and at the moment she (4) teaches / is teaching history, but her favourite subject is
English. Unfortunately, I (5) am not
lhaven'tbeen very good at English, so I (6)
want / am wanting
her to help me with my English lessons because my mum (7) keeps
/ is keeping telling me how good
the extra practice will be.
One of my friends (8) has been having
/ has had lessons with Miss Grant at her home and he
(9) is telling / has told me what a beautiful home she (10) has / has had. I can't wait to see it.
x
UNIT 1 Clever Housing
@
!!
ln each line of this paragraph there is a word that is not needed. Circle the extra word.
Xmterxtet Xnfiuemce
1 In the past decade there has been being great interest in the
2 development of the Internet. Recently, scientists are have been
3 working on improved technology to be bring the Internet into
4 every home. As most people are know, the World Wide Web
5 has had an enormous effect on the way we lived in the
6 20th century. In fact, according to reports, many people are think
7 that this invention has been changed and influenced our daily
8 life and the way the world is works today so much that sometimes
9 it is being hard to imagine how we managed to live without it.
Listening Link
43
!l
You will hear people talking in six different situations. For
!"t i H ?S
questions 1-6, choose the correct answer a, b, or c.
Some questions in this port of the
1
you
hear a man talking on rhe phone to a friend l[53:fl"?$;:#,t"3:lJl&T5fi1'"""
about his new flat. How does it compare with his old one?
loVl
You need lo listen for synonyms
a rhey are simlar.
;LlTfi"j":',LH'lli':i,U^',Tl:*::
b It is on the same floor.
For exomple,l'm so lired'mighl hove
c It is very diff'erent.
the onswer'He feels exhousled''
2 You hear a woman talking about her neighbourhood. How does she feel about it?
a It has become too commercial.
b She prefers the way it used to be.
c She doesn't get on with her neighbours.
3 You hear a builder talking about a building. What is he going to do?
a build a brand new building
b renovate the building
c pull down the building
4 You hear a woman talking about a particular person. Who is this person?
a her flatmate
b her neighbour
c her landlord
5 You hear an advertisement for a new housing complex. Where is it situated?
a in the suburbs
b in the city centre
c in a forest
6 Listen to this passage from a novel. What does it describe?
a a residential area where wealthy people used to live
b a neighbourhood where there is a lot of crime
c the way homeless people live out in the open
L.st
tl
c
e
[rol
ur.rr 1 clever Housing
cne
ns
)
e
Speaking Link
gl
Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions.
HINTS
Tty not lo onswer queslions with just
lwo or lhree words. Give your poriner
some exlro
informolion. However, remember ihol your porlner
wonls lo osk you
o number of queslions
os well, so don'l spend loo long onswering eoch one.
Student A
Where do you live?
What are some of the things you like about your neighbourhood?
Do you think it has enough facilities for teenagers?
What would you like to change about the area where you live?
Do you think it is better for children to grow up in a city or in the countryside?
Student B
Where do you live?
Who do you live with?
Can you describe your home?
Is there anything you would like to change about your home?
Do you think it is better to live in a house or a flat?
ii.ilirtlq
iii.iiJi#
UNIT 1 Clever Housing
Gi
Writing Link
ln this unit, you are going to learn to write a letter giving personal news.
t!
Read the question and put the letter in the correct order.
You have
just
moved to a smalt village, 20 miles from the nearest town. Write a letter to your best friend
telling himlher about your new home.
D
Any'uvay, the good news is that Mum says I can invite you to come and stay any time. So, how
about next weekend? I'd love to see you. Let me know if you can make it.
C
Jane
C
Love,
D
How are things? Are you missing me? I miss you a lot! I thought I'd write to tell you about my
new home.
C
The house is really nice. It's quite big and there's a beautiful garden at the back. I've got my
own room now, which is great. I've been busy putting all my photos and posters on the walls.
It's looking good
-
it's starting to feel like home.
C
Dear Anna,
I don't like the village much, though. There's nothing to do and nowhere to go. I've
joined
the tennis club in town, but Mum has to take me and bring me home because there aren't any
buses at the right time.
m
Now write your letter giving personal news. Use the hints and the outline to help you. (140-160 words)
HINTS
It's OK to chol
-
you con use cholly Ionguoge in informd Ietters to friends. Theyfe o bit like o phone cdlon poper.
Greeting
Paragraph 1
Paragraph 2
Paragraph 3
Closing paragraph
Signing off
Dear (Anna),
General comments
*
ask how your friend is, say why you are writing, etc.
Say some things about the new house
-
describe it and say what you think of it.
Say something about the area
-
what it's like and what you think of it.
Say when you will see/write to your friend again.
Love, lBye for now, / See you soon,
(Jane)
Gl
ururr 1 Glever Housing
iend
rds)
pet.
The Working World
Learning Link
In this unit you will learn
.
words and phrases to help you talk about the world of work.
.
to compare and contrast photographs showing different jobs,
to talk about the qualities
needed for the jobs,
and to give your opinion about the most interesting job.
o
to write a transactional letter applying for a
job.
.
to talk about the past, and to use used to, would and belget used to.
it.
M
Read what these people say about how they started their
jobs.
Can you guess what they do for a living?
'One of my
first
memoies as a child is
of me helping my mother in the vegetable
garden, and then prepaing the vegetables
we had picked. I think I knew
from
then
that I was going to spend my
ffi
in
a kitchen!'
'Well, actually, it took me a while to
realise that this was the
job
for
me. You
see, when I was a child, I was always
the one to climb the highest trees in the
neighbourhood. The others would watch
anxiously to see if I was going to suryive
my latest stunt.'
'It was one of my
friends
who suggested I
should go into this line of work. You see,
I used to spend all my
free
time designing
ouffits, and of course all my
friends
wanted
to borrow my clothes!'
UNIT 2 The Working wodd
C1e
t-
Reading Link
G
GI
Read the interview quickly and find out which person from task A above is being interviewed.
ffih*H*krE
Reported by Jenny Patterson
When most people are asked fo descrbe their
job,
their description
does nof include running through burning buildings and
jumping
out of tenth floor windows! Being a stunt person, however, is no
ordinary
job!
Last week, I was lucky enough to meet Stanley
Pilot, who has been working as a stuntman tor over
twenty years. He was kind enough to agree to
see me during his short stay in London.
Our readers would love to find out how you got
started as a stuntman. Had you always wanted to
do this kind of work?
Well, actually, it took me a while to realise that this
was the
job for me. You see, when I was a child, I
was always the one to climb the highest trees in the
neighbourhood. The others would watch anxiously to
see if I was going to survive my latest stunt. My mother
and I got used to spending most weekends in the
local children's hospital! I remember her saying to me
on my sixteenth birthday, 'You're too old for this now,
Stanley; next time, you're on your own.'
What did she mean?
She'd had enough! She thought I was old enough
to know what was dangerous. She made me realise
that, although I loved doing dangerous things, I
needed some guidance. That summer I joined
the
local mountaineering club and, from then on, noth-
ing could stop me.
What other sports did you learn?
You name it, l've done it! Actually, I was learning
white-water rafting when I applied for my first
job.
David, one of the other people on the course, told me
.that he worked as a stuntman for a small independent
film company that had been filming on location in
our area.
Did you get a
iob
there, too?
Yes, I waq very lucky. David took me aloqg one,
day, and I showed them what I
_c,gg.!d der
The.
director liked what he saw, and I got my first
job!
a
A
Vr
a
A
a
A
o a
A
o
A
a
A
+,
Q Was it easy to find work after that?
A No, if'u&!!ltl,To be fair; ihe film company was a
great help, bOt,even so, I didn't find any work for a
long time. It got easier when l'd been in a few films,
though. I met other stuntmen and made some good
friends. Actually, one of the people who has helped
me a lot has done stunts for Clint Eastwood.
Do you have a favourite stunt?
Yes, I really enjoyed
jumping
out of a helicopter in
the Alps. Words can't describe the thrill you feel as
you fall through the air. Although you are only in the air
for a few seconds, it feels like forever!
Your
job
must be very dangerous. Have you ever
been seriously injured?
Aparl from a few broken bones, no. I used to be
foolish and think 'lt will never happen to me!' Some
people say l've been lucky, but for years l've made
sure that the company I work fol has a good safety
record. A good company cair,1
|d
et up a
stunt which may take onty a few minuies tq,tilm,'t:m
used to waiting on film sets for hours on end. ,ltls better
than risking your life because you're too impatient.
That's very sensible. What would you say to
people interested in this line of work?
l'd tell them it's hard work, but that there are plenty of
opportunities in the film industry. Go for it!
[t+]
ur'rrr 2 The working world
A
[!
Read the interview again and choose the best answer a, b, c or d for each question.
When did the stuntman meet the
interviewer? While
a he was living in London.
b he was visiting London.
c he was working in London.
d she was visiting London.
Why did the children watch him? They
a wanted him to fall from the tree.
b wanted him to go to hospital.
c wanted to see him doing his stunt.
d were worried he might get hurt.
3 When he took up mountaineering,
a he was sixteen.
b he went to hospital.
c he found a
job.
d someone tried to stop him.
4. How did David help Stanley?
a He gave him a
job
as a stuntman.
b He told him about the course.
c He told him he had got a
job.
d He took him to see the director.
5 Finding work after Stanley had got hrs
first
job
was
a easy because the film company helped.
b difficult because no one helped.
c very difficult in the beginning.
d easy when he'd been in a film.
6 How long was Stanley in the air?
a less than a minute
b more than a minute
c a long time
d forever
How has Stanley avoided serious injury?
a He has a good safety record.
b He has never broken any bones.
c He is careful who he works for.
d He has been lucky.
8 Stanley
a used to wait a long time on set.
b thinks it's normal to wait around on set.
c is impatient when he's waiting.
d takes days to film each stunt.
was a
'k
for a
v films,
a good
helped
EI
Find words in the interview that have the following meanings. The words are in the same order as they
appear in the interview.
1 normal (para 1)
L-Y.**9,F,*,u,!*?-*.ry.*!'.*!..=q'.E-
rpter in
feel as
r the air
u ever
to be
'Some
r made
I safely
EFtip:$
lm. llm
s better
ent.
say to
lenty of
r
)
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
visit (para 1)
worriedly (paraZ)
most recent (para2)
advice (para 3)
excitement (para7)
written account (para 8)
affange (para 8)
type; kind (para 9)
possibilities of getting work (para 9)
UNlr 2 The workins world
a1t)
f
Complete the sentences
with these words'
job
agency
unemployd
It is not enough to have good
from university. You also need the right personal
to do your
job
well.
Z A is the set amount of money that someone who works in a profession earns every month.
A is the money someone usually earns every week. A
-
is the money
rymeone
is
paid to do a particular
job
or offer a professional service'
There is such a lot of unemployment at the moment that it is really hard to
I used to work ,
but I have been working
and doing
just
three
hours a day since I had my second child.
Jane is looking for work and so she spends a lot of time at the
Before Jack found his
job
he had been
_. '--
for ten months.
f
Complete the sentences with these
prepositions. You need to use some of them more than once'
1
,,
3
4
5
6
7
8
The workers in that factory have been strike for two weeks now.
Of:'.,r;,,
ir:::...Ollt':'.,t,,.,,,1.;.i';!f.Sti.t.....,,'1
,3,r.rt.t,,*l|i..;|:i,r;llf,.:'ji|
5
6
I called the number I saw in the
job advertisement and set
You must fill
your details on the application form
What do your parents do
--a
living?
an interview.
and post it to the following address.
Susan has been out work for two weeks now and is trying to find a
job.
Twenty people applied
the position of sales manager, but we only interviewed ten of them.
Mr Jenkins is available
an interview on Wednesday of next week.
The doctor was exhausted because he'd been duty at the hospital for 13 hours.
s|
Complete the sentences
with the correct form of these verbs.
My grandfather
_
last month and has started golf lessons now that he has more free time.
After seeing that ad in the paper for a research assistant, I
just had to for it'
Susan's earning more money now because her boss
How many people does this company
-?
They
me that
job last week but I said 'no'. I don't want to work so far from home.
Most lawyers
a lot of money, especially if they have a good reputation'
I,ve
many people, but none of them are suitable for the
job.
We'll have to advertise again.
The worst
part of being a managef is when you have to
-
people because they are not
doing their
job
well enough.
I
1
3
4
5
6
7
I
her last Christmas.
[rol
uHrr 2 The working world
L*Gr="e-ume[:t!=g(.
I
month.
eone is
hree
hem.
I
time.
agaln.
ot
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Use the
past
Simple, the
past
Continuous, the Past Perfect Simple or the Past Perfect Continuous. More than one answer may
be possible.
Change of
job
I (1)
(see) Laura, an old school friend of mine, last week while I (z)
_
(wait)
for a train to London. We (3)
(not see) each other since leaving school nearly fifteen
years ago. We (4)
study law.
(lose) contact because she (5)
(go) away to college to
I (6)
(expect) her to be working as a lawyer, but she (7)
(tell) me she
(only
/ be) in the job
for
had given everything up to work with blind children. She (S)
a couple of weeks but she (9)
_
(really
i enjoy) it.
It (10)
(be) great to see her again and we (11)
(promise) each other that
we would keep in touch regularly now that she is back in the neighbourhood.
Look at this example from the interview. It contains two actions.
Actually, I was lcarning white-water mfting when I applied
for
my
first
job.
Which action interrupted an unfinished action?
Which tense is used for this action?
Which tense is used for the unfinished action?
Look at this example from the interview. It contains two facts.
It got easier when I'd been in a
few films
...
Which fact came first?
Which tense is used to show that it happened first?
Look at this example from the interview.
... he worked as a stuntman
for
a small independent
film
company that had beenfilming on location ...
Which tenses are used in the sentence?
and
Which tense talks about an action which was in progress before another action in the past?
Study 2.1-2.4 of the Grammar Reference on pages 176-177 before you do the tasks.
UN|T2The Workins Wortd
a1a
7
hours per x'eek,
r-{ I tuYs
lf you hove lo write
o figure, wrile it os o
number not o wold,
eg f10.50, nol len
pounds
orrd fifty
pence.
Furthermore,
somelimes lwo doles
or numbers ore soid,
so moke sure you fill
in the right onswer.
Listening Link
Il
You will hear a woman from an employment agency leaving a message on someone,s answering
machine. For questions 1-9, comptete the sentences.
Peter is going to apply for a
job
as a
The position available is for
The hourly wage is
He must be at the interview by
The address is
He has to ask for Maria on the
There are over
other people applying for the job.
Peter has been unemployed for over
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
I
,"S."p-
gg"hi"r
g
.! i
".I
GI
work with a partner.
one of you should look at photographs
A and B and the other at c and D. compare
and contrast them and say what qualities people
need to do this kind of work. Use the expressions and
the words under the pictures
to help you. Then discuss the questions
below.
These photographs
show people ...
The person in the first picture is
/ appears to be ...,
whereas the person in the second picture is
/
seems to be / looks as though ...
FiINT*
Remember,
COMPARING the
pholos
meons
looking for
similorilies, while
CONTRASTING
the phoiogrophs
meons looking for
differences. You
musl do bolh.
__ _
Which job
do you think is most interesting? Why?
Which of these jobs
would you like to do? WhyilVhy not?
organisation skills, being observant
patience, politeness,
a caring nature
physical strength, being careful
cleanliness, being observant
[ra )
unrr 2 The working wortd
ite
EO
fd,
I
ore,
lqies
.il,
u fill
x.
,mpare
ns and
the
ls
tlile
G
phs
ng for
You
L
I
c's.srceliuk
Gl
Complete the sentences with used to, would, or the correct form of be/get used to. More than one
answer may be possible.
1 When I was a child
,
I
dream of being a famous actress.
2 Charles works in a bank, so he
spending most of the day sitting at a desk.
3 It took Diana a long time to
-
speaking Italian when she worked in Rome.
4 Before David moved, he
live far away from the office.
5 Don't worry! I'm sure you
_
waking up early in the morning to go to work.
6 ThomaS
snswer the phones in this hotel, but now he's the reservations
manager.
7 I
interviewing people because I do it every week.
8 Will you ever
to earning so much money?
Look at these examples from Task,4 and the interview.
1 ... I used to spend all my
free
time ...
2 The others woul.d watch araiously to see ...
3 ... I used to be
foolish
...
Which examples describe a past habit? and
Which example describes a past state?
Look at this example from the interview.
... I got used to spending most weekends in the local children,s hospital!
Does this sentence talk about a past habit or something that became familiar to someone in the past?
Look at this example from the interview.
I'm used to waiting on
film
sets
for
hours on end.
This sentence talks about something that is familiar to someone. Does it talk about the past,
the present,
or the future?
We can use used to to talk about a past
and a past
. We use would to talk
about a past
We use
-
to talk about something familiar. We can use it to talk about the past, the
present or the future.
Used tolwould is followed by the bare infinitive and be/get used to is followed by a verb in the gerund
(-ing) form or a noun.
Study 2.5 of the Grammar Reference on page 177 before you do the task.
UNIT 2 The WorkinS Worla
I
7
Writing Link
ln this unit, you are going to learn to write a letter applying for a
1ob.
lf you can answer yes to
might be
just
the person
n
I
]|
Read the question. Then read the advertisement and the notes you have made.
You have seen this advertisement in a newspaper. Write a letter applying for the
job.
rIffi
these questions. you
we're looking for.
,JT
Dear Sir/Madam,
Say why you are writing and how you heard
about the job.
Say why you want
the job.
Give personal details about yourself
-
education, curent
job,
etc.
Talk about your experience and the reasons
why you would be good at the
job.
Say when you are available and that you
are looking forward to their reply.
Yours faithfully,
(your name)
I am writing in connection with ...
Having seen your advertisement, ...
I have always been interested in ...
I believe I have a lot to offer because .
I look forward to hearing from you.
i
I
I
I
I
I
t-
Sf
Worf with a p_artner. Decide which of the following points should be included in a letter applying for this
job.
Check (/) the points you think should be included.
1 where you read about the
job
2 how many brothers and sisters you have
3 how old you are
4 details about your education and/or experience
5 howyouspendyourweekends
6 why you think you would be good at the job
7 why you want the job
8 your hobbies or interests
9 your favourite football team
10 when you are available for an interview or to start work
11 where you usually go on holiday
12 why you are writing
El
Now write your letter applying for the
job.
Use your notes from task L, your ideas from task M, the letter
outline below and the helpful expressions. (140-160 words)
Greeting
Paragraph 1
Paragraph 2
Paragraph 3
Closing paragraph
Signing off
@
UNIT 2 The Working World
Followers of Fashion
Learning Link
In this unit you will learn
.
words and phrases to help you talk about fashion and clothing.
.
to discuss the factors that influence the clothes we wear.
.
to write an article describing a favourite piece of clothing.
.
to talk about the future.
Et
Discuss these questions with a partner.
for this
re letter
ith...
tent, ...
J in...
because.
rmyou.
Can you think of three things you really like and
three things you don't like at all about fashion today?
Give reasons for your choices.
Would you like to work in the fashion business?
Why/Why not?
I
i..
s&
&\\
*
*S
"{
UNIT 3 Followers of Fashion
Gi)
Reading Link G
GI
Read the college prospectus quickly and find out what qualifications are needed for full-time and part-time
courses.
Fai$ield College of Fashion
Do you enjoy art? Are you interested infashion? Are you prepared to work hrvd
in order to learn about new ideas and techniques? Do you want to be one of the
top designers of the 21st century?
will soon be working in the exciting fashion
industry. Maybe one day somebody rich and
famous will be wearing one of your designs!
Still not sure if this is the right college for you?
Here are some comments from students who
are studying at Fairfield at the moment, to help
you decide.
'The courses here are so
interesting and the seminars
aren't boing at all.
6-)
By the time I
finish,
I'll have
leamt so much at Fairfield
that I really believe my dream
will come true.'
Helen, aged L9
'I'm interested in
finding
dffirentways to make clothes.
My lecturer says my ideas
are great and that I will be
making clothes in Pais or
Rome in a
few
years. But he
says my classwork isn't quite
good enough.
Gf::l'
Jeremy,
aged 20
'The best thi,ng about
Fairfield is that you get the
chance to combine work
experienc e with your cla s s es.
By the end of next weeh I'll
Fairfield, in the heart of
the beautiful English
countryside, now offers
a wide range of both
part-time and full-time
courses that cover all the
theoretical knowledge
and practical skills you
V
G
will ever need to be a success
in the glamorousworld of fashion.
Qfl
Part-time courses start in September and will
be available in the evenings or at weekends.
Two new part-time courses are starting this
year
-
EveningWear Design and Colour in
Fashion, (f,-l You don't need to have any
qualifications to
join
these courses; they are
open to everybody, as long as you are over 18
on 1st September.
The full-time courses will also be starting
in Septemb"..
G[-]
In December, our
students are going to visit one of the top
fashion colleges in London, and next April
the lecturers are taking a group of students to
Paris for a fashion show. Students will watch
the fashion show before they meet the French
designers. During the summer, all students
will complete a project and everybody's work
will go into a national exhibition. These
full-time courses are demanding and you will
need to prove you can work to a high standard.
Applicants must have two A levels or a similar
qualification before they can apply for these
courses. But all your hard work will be worth
it in the end. If you do well at Fairfield,you
have been working as a
fashion
desi.gner's assistant
for
two
months. It's really exciting.'
Patricia, aged 19
Gi)
ur,rrr 3 Fottowers of Fashion
art-time
)m
on
and
Bs!
r you?
who
.o help
@l
There are six sentences missing from the prospectus. Read through it again and choose from
sentences A-G the one which fits each gap. There is one extra sentence that you do not need to use.
A Full details of both courses will be available soon.
B I've always dreamt of being a world-famous fashion designer.
C If so, then Faiffield College of Fashion is just the place for you to complete your studies.
D I'm going to work really hard this term so that I get good grades.
E Full-time students will have lessons on all aspects of fashion and design, as well as
practical lessons and field trips to learn more about the industry.
F Would you like to study in a big exciting city?
G The courses vary from one to three years in length and you will qualify for either a diploma
or a degree, depending on which course you decide to follow.
Vocq.p,.y.lgryLink
EI
Match the words and phrases from the prospectus to their meanings.
tr
il
,l
}}
1 techniques (para 1)
2 centtry (para 1)
3 heart (para2)
4 range (para2)
5 courses (para2)
6 theoretical (para2)
7 as long as (para 3)
8 lecturers (para 4)
9 project (para 4)
10 demanding (paru 4)
11 be worth it (para 4)
12 comments (para 5)
one hundred years
teacher at university or college
things people said
have value despite the effort
provided that
particular ways of doing something
based on ideas rather than practical experience
middle
sets of seminars and lectures
variety
assignment
difficult
a
b
c
d
e
f
0
tt
h
i
j
k
I
UNIT 3 Followers of rashion
G3
)
f|
Match.
1 belt
high-heeled shoes
overalls
4 sandals
shirt
suit
swimming trunks
swimsuit
tracksuit
10 trousers
11 waistcoat
L2 blouse
t:
n
e
t]
e
t:
t:
fl
tf
tf
e
D t
k
Gl
Use the words in capitals at the end of each sentence to make words which fit in the spaces.
HINTS
Try to remember lhe woys thol gloups of words chonge. Fol exomple, mony nouns end in-lion.some odieclives
end in -ous.
Some of lhe words below use lhese endings. Write them in youl nolebook ond when you meet
olher words which chonge in lhe some woy, you
con odd them lo your lisl.
Lynn is a fantastic designer although she doesn't actually have any
.
QUALIFY
You can learn lots of things at college, but you still need
experience. PRACTICE
Being a fashion model is very
,
but it's also very hard work. GLAMOUR
Julia is very talented so she's going to be one day. FAME
I got some really useful about courses at the fashion college when I was there.
INFORM
in Paris, the top fashion designer went straight to his hotel room . ARRIVE
There will be an of costumes from Hollywood starting next week. EXHIBIT
I watched a television show about hat designers that was very
I
)
3
4
6
7
I
On
G+
)
ur,rrr 3 Foltowers of Fashion
EDUCATE
n
&
@
Gt
Circle the correct words.
4
6
7
Grammar Lip-(
2
3
My grandmother finds it difficult to get to the shops, so she buys a lot of her clothes from
brochures
/ catalogues .
Lucy left university with a certificate
/ degree in Fashion and is now a successful designer in New
york.
After spending so many years studying, she was very well-trained
/ well-qualified and found it easy
to get a job.
Can I borrow
/ lend your black leather jacket
on Saturday to wear to the concert?
Wear / Put on your coat now, please, because it's time to leave.
There were quite a few famous people in the audience
/ spectators during the fashion show.
I buy all my clothes from that shop because you can't seem to find better quality
/
quantity
anywhere else.
Do you have any handbags that fit / match these shoes?
ves
el
Look at these examples from the prospectus.
1 ... all the theoretical knowledge and practical skills you will ever need ...
2 The
full-time
courses will also be starting in September.
Which sentence talks about an arrangement?
Which sentence is a promise?
Look at these examples from the prospectus.
... our students are going to visit one of the top ...
... next April the lecturers are taking a group of students to
paris
...
Do the words in bold talk about promises, predictions, or arrangements?
Which form and which tense are used to show this?
Which tense is used in the following example?
PctrTlime courses start in September.
Does the verb talk about the present, past or future?
Is this an example of a prediction or a scheduled event?
I-ook at these examples from the prospectus.
By the time I
finish,
I'll have learnt so much at Fairfield ...
By the end of next week, I'll have been working ...
which of the words in bold is an example of the Future
perfect
Continuous?
Which is an example of the Future Perfect Simple?
We use the Future Perfect
tense to say that something will have happened
how long something will have been in progress at a certain time in the future.
Look at this example from the prospectus.
i'tudents will watch the
fashion
show before they meet the French designers.
Does this sentence talk about the present or the future?
Which tense follows the word before?
We must use a
tense after words like before, when and other time expressions
in a future clause.
ry
TICE
E
Study the Grammar Reference for Unit 3 on pages 177-178 before you do the tasks.
UNIT 3 Followers of Fashion
Gi)
t!|
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. More than one answer may
be possible.
1 Many fashion designers predict that young people
to match their outfits next year.
(buy) many more accessories
2 By the time we arrive in the city centre, she (do) her shopping.
3 Have you decided what you
4We
(wear) to the school dance next Saturday?
(have) a fancy dress party over the weekend for our teacher, since it is
her birthday.
5 According to the advertisement, the new boutique on High Street
next month.
(open)
6 I don't believe the mini-skirt (ever / disappear).
(be back) in a few minutes. 7 The designer isn't here right now. She
8We (wait) for you outside the changing room.
L*
E
!|
Circle the correct words.
1 I think I getting
/ will get my sister a pair of earrings.
2 I will be staying / will have stayed in the Luxor Hotel for the fashion show.
3 Are you sure your father going to understand / will understand why you changed the sweater?
4 We can't give you a refund until the manager arrives / will arrive .
5 Mary is going to wear / will have been wearing a striped blouse with her new skirt tomorrow evening.
6 The designer has / is having a party next Friday.
7 By next June, I will have been studying / will be studying at this fashion college for three years.
8 When I will change / change my shoes, we can go for a walk.
\-is"3.P"$N-"*iDx..
GI
You will hear four people talking about fashion. Choose from the list (a-e) the sentence that best
describes what they say. There is one extra letter that you do not need to use.
HINTS
A number of lhe speokers moy seem very similor -
you musl
lislen corefully to heor how they differ from one onolher.
The speaker likes to wear fashionable colours.
Comfort is an important aspect of clothing.
The speaker has huge arguments with his/her parents about
his/her appearance.
Clothes should say something about who you are.
The cost of following fashion amazes the speaker.
a
b
c
d
e
Speaker 1
Speaker 2
Speaker 3
Speaker 4
GO
uurr 3 Fotlowers of Fashion
tay
SSOT1ES
[|
Work with a partner. Talk about the factors that may influence us when choosing the clothes we wear
and choose the three most important factors from the list below. Put them in order, starting with the
factor you think is the most important. Give reasons for your answers.
rturdav?
eitis
rpen)
?
evening.
s.
HI]TTS
lislen corefully io whot your portner
soys so thot you con
qg]ee
or disogree oppropriotely ond log{ccnly. Don'l forgel lo osk
your podner whol his/her opinion is. Find out if he/she
ogrees wilh your
ideos.
@@mm
Use the expressions below to help you.
Would you like to start?
I May I start?
I see what you mean, but I'm not sure
that I agree with you.
Yes, I agree with you.
I think we should include ... because ... .
The obvious choice is ..., because ... .
What do you think?
Don't you think that ... is ...?
We think that ... and ... are the most important ...
've decided to choose ... and ... because they show ...
Now report back to the class.
UNIT 3 Followers of Fashion
G7)
Writing Link
In this unit, you are going to learn to write an article about your favourite piece of clothing.
t!
Read the question. Then read the advertisement.
The editor of a fashion magazine has placed an advertisement for an article about clothing in the
magazine. Write an article describing your tavourite piece of clothing.
El
Now read an article that has been written for the magazine. Add any punctuation or capital letters
necessary and separate the article into four paragraphs.
My Favourite Piece of Glothing
for somebody like me who loves clothes it's hard to decide which piece of clothing is my favourite
however i do have one piece of clothing that i love
-
my denim
jacket my
jacket isn't new in fact
it's quite old i bought it two years ago when i was on holiday in london it's very faded now but i
think it looks nicer that way i probably wear my jacket at least three times a week the great thing
about it is that i can wear it with anything it looks good with
jeans or shorts but it's also fine with
smart clothes too i nearly always wear my
jacket when i go out with my friends i don't know what
i'm going to do when my
jacket gets too old to wear
-
i'11just have to buy a new one i suppose!
Ieen Fashion lllonthlU
tuontsto hearfrom
Uou.
lllhat is
Uour
fauourite
piece
of clothing?
We will publish some of the best articles
sent in by our readers in next
month's issue.
Gl
Now write your article about your favourite piece of clothing. Use the hints and the outline to help you.
(140-160 words)
h* I ruTS
Think obout
.
whql lhe item is.
.
whqt it looks like.
.
where you bought it.
.
when/how often you weor il.
.
whY
You
like il.
Paragraph 1
Paragraphs 2 and3
Paragraph 4
Introduce the item you are
going to write about.
Describe the item; say when/
where you bought it;write
about when/where you wear it.
Conclusion
-
say something
general to end with.
@
UNIT 3 Followers of Fashion
That's Entertainment!
Learning Link
In this unit you will learn
.
words and phrases to help you talk about different forms of entertainment.
.
to exchange and express opinions about entertainment.
o
to write an essay describing an event.
.
to talk about the past, the present, and the future.
EI
Match the dancers to the countries they come from.
I
)
3
4
5
)rs
Greece
Hawaii
Russia
Scotland
O
O
O
O
CI
ite
ict
rti
ng
ith
rat
e!
elp you.
rt.
UNIT 4 That's Entertainmentl i.7dl
Reading Link
GI
Read the dance festival brochure and say which dances you would be interested in watching or doing.
ffiffi*brur*mm
A Dances of India
During the festival, some of lndia's most famous dancers will be performing
classical dances. ln one,
the dancers represent characters from another world and show that the trutfr witt always win over lies. In
addition to classical dances, there will also be two folk dances, one of which is performed in September to
celebrate the arrival of autumn and another that is often performed
after a recovery from a serious illness.
These are
just
three of the dances that will give you a better understanding of lndian culture.
B Javanese Traditional Dances
The e-Kay Dance Ensemble, which are touring the Far East at the moment, will give two pedormances
at
the festival. Both performances
will concentrate on court dances as well as traditional dances.
One court dance is performed
by nine female dancers and tells the story of a meeting with the power{ul
and beautiful goddess of the South Seas. During this dance, a tenth 'invisible'
Oancei a beautiful princess,
appears. A second dance represents the wish to live in peace
and people
believe that it gives physical
energy when it is danced properly.
C Native American Dances
Among the Native American dances is the spectacular Hopi Snake Dance. Before this dance is performed,
live snakes are collected. During the dance, members of the Hopi tribe hold snakes between their teeth.
The following day, the snakes are released so that they can tell other animals that the Hopi are moving in
rhythm with nature.
The Hopi often invite members of the audience to parlicipate
in their dances, so if you have a fear of
snakes, sit towards the back of the arena.
D Morris Dancing
Morris dancing began in England in the 15th century when it was part of the celebrations held at crop
planting
or harvesting times. lt was well known in Shakespeare's time, but by the end of the 19th
"eniury
it had almost disappeared. At that time, only a small number of people practised
it in villages in the Engtish
Midlands. Since then, it has been increasing in popularity
in England and the USA, where people from all
professions join
together to celebrate the changing seasons. The oancers, known as teams, wear bells,
wave handkerchiefs or sticks, and dance to simple tunes.
The teams appearing atlhe Att About Dance Festivalcome from different areas of England, so you will
notice slight differences in the dances they perform.
E Flamenco
Although we know that people were dancing flamenco when Charles V of Spain became king, no one is
really sure of its history.
There are more than a dozen types of flamenco, many of which express sadness. one classic type tells the
story of a beautiful girl who brings tragedy to herself and her village.
Now that most flamenco is performed
for tourists, there are complaints that it lacks feeling, but the news
that Joaqufn Cort6s is going to appear arthe Alt About Dance Festivalguarantees
tine ttamenco.
F Breakdancing
The Porson Breakdance Association (PBA) trom Detroit is flying in for the last three days of the festival to
give a display. For the younger,
more adventurous audience, there is the chance to join
them on stage.
You will see their acrobatic performance
of dances such as the bronco, Ninja outbuisl and the suicide.
lnc
ET
GO
ururr 4 That,s Entertainment!
|r doing.
e,
s. ln
nber to
lness.
Es at
ormed,
rcth.
rng in
I
ertul
incess,
cal
@t
Read the brochure again and answer the questions. Choose from paragraphs A-F.
@eryIl)
mentions a dancer that cannot be seen?
refers to performers who dance with animals?
describes an unhappy dance?
refers to a dance that can give strength?
mention non-human characters?
gives a warning?
refers to a dance performed in a particular month?
mentions gymnastic skills?
mentions a dance that was almost forgotten?
refers to a dance celebrating somebody getting well?
mentions the possibility of a doctor dancing with an engineer?
[-]&.c-g.F""g--19..-.}=!F,=h=
C
C)
Gf*)
GL*]
C)
(_)
Gt _)
Gf)
C
C
i
a play the part of
b show again
a feeling worse
b getting better
a staying in
b travelling around
a not able to be seen
b not able to be heard
a ordinary
b dramatic
a set free
b given away
a watch
b be part of
a performed
b tried
a
jobs
b countries
a promises
b provides
a game
b show
a place where performers get dressed
b place where performers act, dance, etc.
)p
,ttury
English
m all
rlls,
dI
te ts
ells the
)ws
rl to
le.
19.
t
EI
Find these words in the brochure and circle the correct meanings.
1 represent (part A)
2 recovery
fuart
A)
3 touring (part B)
4 invisible (part B)
5 spectacular (part C)
6 released (part C)
7 participate in (part C)
I practised (part D)
9 professions (part D)
l0 guarantees (part E)
11 display (part F)
12 stage (part F)
UNIT 4 That's Entertainment!
Gi)
f|
Use the words in capitals at the end of each sentence to make words which fit in the spaces.
We were lucky enough to meet some of the actors after the
Are you entering the dance ? COMPE,TE
They held the concert in the gardens of a house. BEAUTY
The of this play surprised everyone. POPUI,AR
because the play started so late. COMPLAIN
between the two singers'voices was amazing. SIMII-4R
for the new dance school was great. CELEBRATE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
The
Robert made a
The
She's a good dancer, but her last show was not
concerts
play
j
!
*
I
with great actors at the Trinity Arts Theatre last week.
LGra
before the show begins.
so she can find out
My sister has a lot of free time, so she's decided to learn how to play a musical
I don't pay any attention to the
from all over the country come and perform.
Have you seen the exhibition of his work at the new art
on the radio.
of new books; I pref'er to read them myself
in the summer where musicians and singers
in town?
r
.ii'
s|
Complete the sentences with these words.
box office
instrument
1
.,
3
4
5
6
7
I
We saw a
You can get tickets for the performance at the
When Margaret goes to the theater, she likes to buy a
about the play and the actors before she sees the performance.
My grandmother enjoys listening to classical
and make up my own mind.
This town always has a music
festival
programme
SUCCESS
gallery
reviews
PERFORM
r }}{$ru ,r
lt&rrt f ll{{t
I
gz
)
uNrr 4 That's Entertainment!
Gl
Complete the sentences with these prepositions. Allthe phrases are in the brochure.
from
I The lead singer has made a good recovery
stage tonight.
Watching dance performances in other countries can
their culture"
The song's message is that people should live
Can you affange for me to have a meeting
The famous ballet dancer had a fear flying,
of tn on with
his throat infection and will be back
give you some understanding
peace.
the theater manager, please?
so he always travelled by car.
3
I
Grammar Link
egins.
out
n myself
ICIS
Look at these examples from the brochure.
I ...
famous
dancers will be performing ...
Which tenses are used?
(part A)
2 ... which are touring... (part B)
3 ... Hopi often invite ... (part C)
{ Monis dancing began... (part D)
it had almost disappeared. (part D)
it hss been increasing... (part D)
7 ... Joaquin Cortds is going to appear... (part E)
t The ... (PBA) ... isJlying in... (part F)
Find the full sentence in the text for each example and underline it.
Now look at the context of each sentence and answer the following questions.
Which example(s) talk(s) about:
a a future arrangement?
and
b something that happens regularly?
c something that is taking place at the moment?
d something that started in the past but still continues?
e something that happened before a certain time in the past?
f something that happened at a certain time in the past?
6
Studv the Grammar Reference for Units 1-3 on pages 175-178 before you do the tasks.
UNIT 4 That's Entertainment!
@
t
EI
Complete the text with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Use the tenses and the forms you
have learnt in Units 1-3. More than one answer may be possible.
Scffil& Wildw Fsrk
Ever since it (1) (open) last year, Suffolk Wildlife Park has
become one of the largest wildlife
creative design of the park (3) (bring) you closer to .AJrican
wildlife than you ever thought possible.
Among the collection of animals is a group of magnificent lemurs, distant cousins of
monkeys, which (4) (almost
/ become) extinct until they
(s) (be) rescued a few years ago. The Park organisers have
promised that they (6)
you can enjoy these
(create) six beautiful islands where
animals at vour leisure in a natural habitat. At the moment, they
(build) special facilities for visitors to watch some of
According to recent reports, the organisers
(7)
their favourite animals close-up.
(8) (also
/ introduce) new combined entertainment and
learning opportunities in the near future.
Lt-
T
attractions in the UK. When visiting the park, you
(actively
I take part) in a really thrilling adventure. The
Lg
G
!!
Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence.
When my father was working in Spain, he
dancers every weekend.
4 The film ended and then my dad walked into the room. already
The film when my dad walked into the room.
I plan to get my sister a CD for her birthday. am
I get my sister a CD for her birthday.
6 I bought this DVD player two years ago. had
Use the given word. Write between two and five words.
1 The last time I went to the cinema was when I was on holiday in London. not
to the cinema since I was on holiday in London.
I have arranged to listen to some music with Tom around ten, so don't call me then. listening
to some music with Tom around ten, so don't call me then.
When my father was working in Spain, he went to watch flamenco dancers every weekend. would
to watch flamenco
GO
ururr 4 That's Entertainment!
this DVD player for two years.
I
you
ivould
o
t_
Ustening
Link
tl
,H'":Xl#'irt#J'::lt;rT",
and rom, plannins
their weekend tosether.
For questions
1-5, choose
S
J
1
f
:
1 Tom thinks that the museum
a sounds funny.
b is too expensive.
c is too far away.
2 What will it cost Tom to go to the museum for a day?
a{2
b{3
c nothing
3 The museum
a closes at 6 o,clock
on Saturdavs.
b is open 10 till 6 on Mondavs.
c is closed every Thursday.
4 What time will they meet outside the museum ?
a later than half past ten
b at half past ten
c earlier than half past ten
5 Sally says
a she really wants to go for pizza.
b she's too tired to go out.
c they've seen enough films recently.
6 Tom is worried
that
a he won,t like the nightclub.
b he'll miss the basketball game.
c he's spending
too much money.
fl
tl
l,
${ i ilr'f s
Remember
lhe onswers ore in lhe some order os heord on the recording.
This meons lhot you
should reqd
l[i:tiJ?:,1T:::[::j;:"".,"'risren,
so
vou wirrknow who*o expecr. rr
vou miss one onswer, don,r ponic.
I
Speakr1g*tirlk
Gl
Work with a partner.
Ask and answer these questions.
Do you think there are enough entertainment
facilities
in your area?
What do you do in your free time?
Is it necessary
to spend a lot of money to enjoy yourself?
Do you think there are some forms of entertainmqnt
teenagers prefer
to enjoy with
their friends rather than with their fami-G I
What are they? Why?
Do you think teenagers
should be back at home by a certain time?
What does this depend on?
Sometimes parents
arenot
|ruppy
about their children
staying
out late in the evening.
Why do you think they feel t-his way?
At what age do you think children shourd be alrowed to
go out without their parents?
Whv?
Now report back to the class.
In my free time, I like to ...
I (don't)
think/believe
that ...
In my opinion, teenagers prefer
to ...
... is probably
because ...
I think this because ...
UNIT 4 That's Entertainmenil
G5
)
Writing Link
ln this unit, you are going to learn to write an essay describing an event.
]|
Read the question. Then read the essay and circle the most suitable adiectives.
Describe a social event you have been to recently.
A Surprise Party!
Last week my family and I had a (1) hard / funny I
great time. It was my grandfather's
90th birthday, so my Mum organised a (2) stupid / strange / surprise party for him.
We all went round to Grandad's house, and when he saw us he was really (3) pleased
/ sorry /
ill .
My sister and I thought the party would be (4) boring / bored / tired
,
and that we'd have to listen
to really (5) old / old-fashioned / elderly music. But Grandad's quite deaf, so we were allowed to
play whatever music we wanted! I had a (6) loving /
loved / lovely time dancing with my cousins to
some
(7) wrong / long / loud rock music.
The food at the party was (8) afraid i brilliant / full
,
too. There were plenty of burgers and sausage
rolls. Everything was very (9) tasty / noisy / thirsty
-
not like the egg sandwiches I was expecting.
It was (10) better I well lnice to see some of my relatives again. We don't all get together very
often these days. Grandad said the party was really (11) enviable / enjoyable / entertained .
He's already planning another one for next year!
\.
The evenl you wrile
obout doesn't hove
lo be true! You con
use your imoginotion.
trl
Now write your description of an event. Use the outline and the hints to help you. Remember to use
adjectives. (1 40-1 60 words)
Paragraph 1 Introduce the event
-
say what it was, where it
was, etc.
Paragraphs 2 and.3 Describe the event
-
say what it was like,
who was there, what happened and what you
thought about it.
Paragraph 4 Make a statement, summing up the event, or
say something general to end with.
@
UNIT 4 That's Entertainment!
=or
questions
1-16, choose
the correct
answer,
a, b, c or d.
I These
days,
many
homes
are full of
_
technology.
a far-sightecl
b sophisticated
c conventional
d ideal
I Some students
course
work.
a go off
b sort out
c get
away
d work
out
_ with doing very little
I can't
__ new furniture
at the moment.
a control
b call in
c carry out
d afford
There
is a
_
in my brand
new computer,s
hard drive.
a solution
b stove
c virus
d mortgage
I don't have enough
to go to university.
a qualifications
b qualities
c guidance
d thrills
I Jon't
have a job.
I,m
at the moment.
a similar
b demanding
c theoretical
d unemployed
S.fet-r, is an
part
of being
a stuntman.
a educational
b essential
c
'nvisible
d ordinary
Tie performers
left the
::e performance.
a box office
b programme
c audience
d stage
a practising
b touring
c performing
d participating
15 I would
like to
a retire
b employ
c apply
d release
I
9 There
is a wide range
of
_ on offer at mr
new college.
a classwork
b skills
c courses
d exhibitions
10
Do you
wear a
more casual?
a suit
b tracksuit
c swimsuit
d bett
to work or somethin_e
11 I am a
_ at the Iocal
university.
a teacher
b profession
c lecturer
d project
12 I'm going
to a
tonight
to see my favourire
band play
live.
a gallery
b competition
c concert
d performance
Does
this
jacket
a match
b fir
c wear
d put
on
Wewill
be
_ my trousers?
the country
with the production.
13
t4
before I am 65.
16 Come
to the dance festival.
I
enjoy it.
a guarantee
b participate
c represent
d celebrate
you
will
1-4
37
rry
/ill.
:o listen
rled
to
rusins
to
1_-
r \altsage
'cting.
.
erv
) use
wrile
hove
con
notion.
quickly
after
REVIEW
1 Units
ffi
Grammar
For questions 1-16, choose the correct answer, a, b, c or d.
I a new house soon.
a am buying
b buy
c have bought
d have been buying
You
-
the time of your life when
You
go to Fairfield College.
a will be having
b will have
c will have been having
d will have had
We in this house for ten
Years
now.
a have been living
b had lived
c live
d are living
Jayne
-
a burglar alarm to protect her house.
a has been buying
b has bought
c used to buy
d buys
I eight candidates yesterday, but none of
them were suitable.
a interviewed
b was intewiewing
c had interviewed
d had been interviewing
I lots of essays for my college course
-
we
get at least three a week!
a was writing
b will have written
c would write
d am used to writing
They for hours before they finished the scene.
a used to film
b are going to be filming
c will be filming
d had been filming
I as a Sales Manager for thirty years by the
time I retired.
a had worked
b worked
c got used to working
d will have worked
the project by 3 o'clock tomorrow.
9I
a
b
c
d
am finishing
will have been finishing
will have finished
used to finish
Peter and I the big shoPPing mall on
Saturday morning.
a will be visiting
b have visited
c would visit
d visit
Recycling the environment.
a helping
b have been helping
c helps
d have helped
By March, I for six months.
a am studying
b will have been studying
c will study
d am going to studY
Linda television while Pat was
reading her book.
a was watching
b will watch
c will have been watching
d is watching
Paul for tickets at the box office
just now.
a queues
b had been queueing
c is queueing
d has queued
Jamie to the cinema last night.
a has gone
b will go
cgo
d went
I the piano since I was eight
Years
old and I still enjoy it.
a had been playing
b had played
c will play
d have been playing
10
11
L2
L4
15
a
@f
nevrew 1 Units 1-4
t6