© All Rights Reserved

6 visualizações

© All Rights Reserved

- Vibration Suppression Banner
- KMEM4214 Applied Vibration ALs
- Commentry on Indian Sesmic Code
- Lect 04 Note
- V Mecanic
- 01
- Mechanical Vibrations Week 1
- Dissertation JC
- 333
- Single Degree of Freedom System
- Vibrating Strings
- ME3001 A4 Introductory Problems in Vibration
- 212292
- Response Spectrum
- fin07
- Dumpers Design
- TOM_2 Lab Manual Corrected 20 Dec12
- Piles Under Dynamic Loads
- Lecture 1 Vibrations
- Lecture 1 Vibrations

Você está na página 1de 36

1

SIMPLE PENDULUM

Aim:

To verify the relation

T=2 L/g

Where=periodic time in sec

L=Length of pendulum cms

Description of set up: (Refer Fig.1)

For conducting the experiment, a beach ball is supported by nylon

thread into the chuck. It is possible to change the length of pendulum

by drawing the threat through chuck. This makes it possible to study

the effect of variation of length on periodic time. A small ball may be

substituted for larger ball to illustrate that the period of oscillation is

independent of the mass of the ball.

Procedure:

1.Attach the beach ball to one end of threat.

2.Loosen the nut at the top of chuck and draw the threat to

adjust the length.

3.Allow the ball to oscillate T

by knocking the time for say 10 oscillations.

4.Repeat the experiment by changing the length and changing the

size of the ball.

5.Complete the observation table.

Model calculation:

T=2 L /g

For L=40cm

T(l) =2 x 40/980 = 1.26 s

T(experimental)=t/n

Result:

S. No Lg L

In cm.

No. of

Oscillation

T

oscillations

T ( e x p ) =

t/n

T (the )

Aim:

1. To det s g of given pendulum.

2. T v l T=2 (k + OG) /g(OG)

Where T =periodic time sec.

K =Radius of gyration about C. G.cm.

OG =Distance of the C. G .of rod from support.

L =Length of bar

Description of the set up: (Refer Fig. 2)

The compound pendulum consists of 16 mm diameter steel bar. The bar is

supported by the knife edge. It is possible to change the length of suspended

pendulum by supporting the bar in different holes.

Procedure:

1.Support the rod in any one of the holes.

2.Note the length of suspended pendulum and determine

OG.

3.Allow the bar to oscillate and determine T by knowing the

time for say 10 oscillations.

4.Repeat the experiment with different length of suspension.

5.Complete the observation table given below.

Model calculation:

Ex. NO. 2

COMPOUND PENDULUM

1. Experimental From the relation,

T = 2 (+ OG) / g(OG)

K(exp) =

) = L/23

2.V l T =2 ( + OG) / g(OG)

P () =L /23

And find T(the)compare it with the experimental.

Result:

SI. No. L in cm

OG No. Of

Oscillations

T

O s c.

T ( e x p )

T =t/ n

K ( e x p ) K (the )

Ex. No.3

BIFILAR SUSPENSION

Aim:

To determine the radius of gyration of given bar by using bifilar

suspension.

Description of set up:

A uniform rectangular section bar is suspended from the

pendulum support frame by two parallel cords. Top ends of the cords

pass through the two small chucks fitted at the top. Other ends are

secured in the bifilar bar. It is possible to adjust the length of the cord

by loosening the chucks.

The suspension may also be used to determine

the radius of gyration of any body. In this case the body under

investigation is belted to the center. Radius of gyration of the combined

bar and body is then determined.

Procedure:

1.Suspend the bar from chuck and adjust the length

L conveniently. Note the suspension length of each cord must

be the same.

2. Allow the bar to oscillate about the vertical axis passing

through the center and measure the periodic time T by knowing the

time for time for say 10 oscillations.

3. Repeat the experiment by mounting the weights at equal

distance from the center (d/2 as shown)

4. Complete the observation table.

Model calculation:

bl sss T= 2 (/) (L/g)

Where 2a =distance between wires in cm

L=length from the suspension in cm

() = L/ 23

Result:

S.No. L mm T(sec)

For n osc.

No.of osc

Periodic

Time T=t/n

(sec)

Theoretical

T (Sec)

Ex. No. 4

LONGITUDINAL VIBRATION OF A HELICAL SPRING

Aim:

Tostudy the longitudinal vibrations of helical spring and to determine

the frequency or period vibration (oscillation) theoretically and by

experimend.

Description of apparatus: (Refer Fig. 4)

One end of open coil spring is fixed to the screw which

engageswith screwed hand wheel. The screw can be adjusted vertically

in any convenient position and they clamped to upper beam by means

of lock wheel. Lower end of the spring is attached to the platform

carrying the weights. The platform is guided in the lower beam. The

whole unit can be clamped at any horizontal position by using the

upper and lower clamping nuts. Thus the design of the system

incorporated vertical and lateral positioning of the unit ti suit the

convenience.

Procedure:

1.Fix one of the ends of helical spring.

2.Determine free length.

3. Put some wt. to platform and note down the deflection.

4.Stretch the spring through some distance and release.

5.Count the time required (in sec.) for some say 10,25

oscillations.

6.Determine the actual period.

7.Repeat the procedure for different time.

Model calculations:

1. Find km (mean stiffness) of the spring as follows:-

Km = (K1+K2+k3) / 3 Kg/ cm

Where K1 = w1/ s1 K2 = W2/S2 K3 =K3/S3

Length of spring =

2. T l b sg equal

T Tl = 2 (W/ x g)

3. xl vl T exit

=Time for number of ose = t/n-

No. of osc

For W= Km=

F theoretical = 1/ T (the) =

F exit = 1/ T (exit) =

Result:

S.No Wt. Attached

in kg,+Wt. of

the

Platform

Deflection of

the spring in

mm.

K

NO.of

Oscillations

N

Time

required

s

Periodic

Time

T=t/n

sec

Ex.No.5 UNDAMPED FREE VIBRATION OF EQUIVALENT

SPRING MASS SYSTEM

Aim:

To study the undamped free vibrations of equivalent spring mass

system.

Description of set up: (Refer Fig 5)

Expt.1:The arrangement is shown in fig. 5. It is designed to

study free, forced, damped and undamped vibrations. It

consists of M.S rectangular beam supported at one end by a

turn union pivoted in ball bearing. The bearing housing is fixed

to the side member of the frame. The other end of the beam is

supported by the lower end of helical spring. Upper end of

spring is attached to the screw.

Expt2. The exciter unit can be mounted at any position along the beam

additional known weights may be added to the wt. Platform under

side of the exciter.

Procedure:

1. Support one end of the beam in the slot of turn union

and clamp it by means of screw.

2. Attach the other end of beam to the lower end of spring.

3. Adjust the screw to which the spring is attached such

that beam is horizontal in the above position.

4. Weigh the exciter assemble along with discs and bearing

and weight platform.

5. Clamp the assembly at any convenient position.

6. Measure the distance L1 of the assembly from pivot.

Allow system to vibrate freely.

7. Measure the time for any 10 osc. And find the periodic

time and natural frequency of vibrations.

8. Repeat the experiment by varying L1 and by also putting

different weights on the platform.

Note: It is necessary to clamp the slotted weights to the platform by

means of nut so that weights do not fall during vibrations.

Formula used:

W =Weight of exciter assembly along with wt. platform.

M = Mass of exciter assembly along with wt. platform.

L1 = Distance of w from pivot.

L = Distance of spring from pivot = Length of beam.

NeglectingMI of beam.

{(

)(

)}

Where m

e

= equivalent mass at the spring = m (L1/L)

Result:

S.No

W+Wt.

of the

platform

Length

LI

No. of

Oscillations

n

Time

Required

sec

Periodic

Time

T = t/n

sec

Natural

Frequency

(Expt.)

1+2

EX.NO.6 FORCED VIBRATIONS OF EQUIVALENT SPRING

MASS SYSTEM

Aim:

To study the forced vibrations of equivalent spring mass system.

Description of the set up:

The arrangement is as shown in the fig 6. It is similar to that

described for expt. No. 5

th

exciter unit is couplet to D .C variable speed

motor through the flexible shaft. Speed of the motor can be varied

with the dimmer stat provided on the control panel. Speed of rotation

can be known from the speed indicator on panel. It is necessary to

connect the damper unit to the exciter. Amplitude record of vibration

is to be obtained on the strip - chart recorder.

Procedure:

1. Arrange the set up as described for expt. No. 5

2. Connect the exciter to D.C Motor through flexible shaft.

3. Start the motor and allow the system to vibrate.

4. Wait for 1 to 2 minutes for the amplitude to build for particular

forcing frequency.

5. Adjust the position of strip chart recorder. Take the record of

amplitude Vs. Time on strip chart by staring recording motor.

Press the recorder platform on the pen gently. Pen should be

wet with ink. Avoid excessive pressure to get good record

6. Take record by changing forcing frequencies.

7. Repeat the experiment for different damping.

Damping can be changed by adjusting the holes on the piston

of the damper.

8. Plot the graph of amplitude Vs frequency for various damping

conditions.

Graph:

Plot the graph of amplitude V s. frequency for each seating.

Result:

Forcing frequency

c. p. s

Amplitude

mm

Prepare similar observation tables for various damping conditions.

Ex. No. 7 TORSIONAL VIBRATION ( UNDAMPED ) OF SINGLE

ROTOR SHAFT SYSTEM

Aim:

To study the torsional vibration (undammed) of single Rotor shaft

system.

Description of set up:

Fig. No. 7 shows the general arrangement for carrying out

the experiments.

One end of the shaft is gripped in the chuck and disc free to

rotate in ball bearing is fixed at the other end of the shaft.

The bracket with fixed end of shaft can be clamped at any

convenient position along the beam. Thus length of the shaft can be

varied during the experiments. Specially designed chuck is used for

clamping the end of the shaft. The ball bearing support to the flywheel

provides negligible damping during experiment. The bearing hosing is

fixed to side member of the main frame

Procedure:

1. Fix the bracket at any convenient position along the beam.

2. Grip the shaft at the bracket by means of chuck.

3. Fix the rotor on the other end of the shaft.

4. Twist the rotor through some angle and release.

5. oscillations.

6. Repeat the procedure for different length of shaft.

7. Make the following observations.

a. Shaft dia. d = 3mm

b. Dia. Of the disc D = 200mm x 10mm Thick

c. Wt. Of the disc W = 2. 425kg

d. Modulus of rigidity for shaft G = 0.8 x 10 g 1 /s.

Model calculation:

1. Determination of torsional stiffness Kt

= T/ = GIP/L =

Where, IP Pl = /32

2. Determination of T theoretical

T() = 2 (I/) when I =(W/g) x (D/2)

= 2(I/)

3. Determination of T experimental

T (e x p) = t/n sec.

Result:

S. No Length of shaft

L mm

No. of

Oslls

T

Oscillations

Periodic time

T(expt) sec

TORSIONAL VIBRATION (UN DAMPED) OF

SINGLE ROTOR SHAFT SYSTEM

AIM:

To study the torsional vibration (undamped) of the single rotor

shaft system

DESCRIPTION OF SET UP:

The figure shows the general arrangement for carrying out the

experiments. One end of the shaft is gripped in chuck and disc free to

rotate in ball bearing is fixed at the outer end of the shaft is gripped in

chuck and disc free torotate in ball bearing is fixed at the outer end of

the shaft.

The bracket with fixed end of shaft can be damped at any

convenient position along the beam. Thus the length of the shaft can

be varied during the experiments specially designed chuck is used for

clamping the end of the shaft. The ball bearing support to the

flywheel provides negligible damping during the experiments. The

bearing housing is a fixed one to the side member of the main frame.

PROCEDURE:

1. Fix the bracket at any convenient position along the beam.

2. Grip the shaft at the bracket by means of chuck.

3. Fix the rotor end of the shaft.

4. Twist the rotor through some angle and released.

5. Note down the time required for 'n oscillations.

6. Repeat the procedure for different length of shaft.

7. Make the following observations

a. Shaft diameter (d) = 3mm =0.3cm

b. Diameter of disc (d) =200mm =20cm

Thickness =10mm =1cm

c. Weight of the disc (W) =2.425 Kg

d. Modulus of rigidity for shaft (G) =0.8 x 10Kg cm

Assume

Acceleration due to gravity (g) = 9.81

e. Length of the shaft (L) =91cm

TABULATION:

SI. NO Length of

shaft (L)

Cm

No. of

Oscillations

n '

Time for

n

oscillations

Periodic

time T

Sec

SI.

NO

Length Of

Shaft (L) cm

K

kg

cm

Theoretical

T sec

T

sec

F F

MODEL CALCULATION:

1. Determination of Torsional Stiffness( K )

K = (T ) = (GI/L)

Where ,

I = Polar moment of inertia = (IId / 32)

G =Modulus of rigidity

L =Length in cm

2. Determination of T

T =2( I K )

Where,

I = w/g x (D2)

The= 2 (I/K )

3. Determination of T

T =(t / n ) sec

Frequency F = (1/T)

RESULT:

Thus the torsional vibration (un damped) of the single rotor shaft

system was studied.

FORCED VIBRATION OF EQUIVALENT

SPRING MASS SYSTEM

AIM:

To study the forced vibration of equivalent spring mass system.

APPARATUS REOUIRED:

1. Spring mass system setup

2. Vibrometer

3. Hole plate

4. Vibration indicator

5. Power oscillator

DESCRIPION:

The arrangement is shown in figure. It is designed to study

free, forced damped andundamped vibrations. It consists of

mild steel rectangular beam supported at one end by turn union

pivoted in ball bearing. The bearing housing is fixed to the side

member of the frame. The other end of the beam is supported

by the lower end of the helical spring. Upper end of the spring is

attached to the screw. The exciter unit is coupled to easy

variable speed of the motor through the flexible shaft. The

speed of the motor can be varied with the dimmer set provided

on the control panel.

It is necessary to connect the damper unit of the exciter

amplitude recorded vibration is to be obtained on the strip

charp recorder.

TABULATION:

Single hole system

SI.

NO

Forcing frequency Cycles/s Amplitude mm Displacement

m

Double hole system;

SI.

NO

Forcing frequency

Cycles/s

Amplitude

mm

Displacement

m

PROCEDURE:

1. Arrange the setup has described above.

2. Connect the exciter to the DC motor through the flexible

shaft

3. Start the motor and allow the system to vibrate

4. Wait for 1to 2 minutes for the amplitude to builtfor

particular forcing frequency

5. Adjust the position of Stripcharp recorder. Take the

recorded amplitude verses time on the strip chart by

starting recording motor. Press the recorder platform on

the pen gently. Pen should be wet with the ink. Avoid

excessive pressure to get record

6. Take record by change in forcing frequency

7. Repeat the experiment for different damping. Damping

can be adjusting the holes on the piston of damper

8. Plot the graph amplitude Vs Frequency for each setting

GRAPH:

Plot the graph of amplitude Vs Frequency for each setting.

RESULT:

Thus the forced vibration of equivalent of equivalent spring mass

system was studied

STATIC AND DYNAMIC

BALANCE MACHINE

AIM:

To check the experimentally the normal of calculation the position of

the counter balancing weight is rotating member system.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

1. Static and dynamics balanced machine

2. Steel balls

3. Weighing balance

DESCRIPTION:

The apparatus basically consists of a steel shaft momented in

ball bearing in a shaft. The rectangular main frame of set six blokes

are clamped in any position of the shaft also easily detached products

is fitted one side of the rectangular frame. Shaft carries a disc and

remark the disc in ground to take the card are provided with the two

cylindrical metal contains of exactly same heights of scale is fitted to

the lower member of the main frame and when we used in junction

with the circular projector scale allows the exact longitudinal and

angular position of each adjustable block to the determined.

The shaft is prevent under the main frame through the belt for

static balancing of individual weight, the main frame is suspended the

support frame of the clams and this position. The motor driving belts

is removed. For dynamic balancing of the total the main frame is

suspended. The two links are adjusted such that main frame on the

supporting frame are in the same plane.

PROCEDURE:

Static Balancing:

Remove the driver belt, the value of each block is determined by

clamping each block is determined by clamping of the shaft and with

the load and the contain system suspended over the protector disc.

Themember of steel bar, which are equal weights are place into one

of the container to exactly balance the blocks on the shaft. When the

blocks become horizontal the number of balls n ' will be giving the

value of weight of the block.

For finding out or during static balance,

1. Remove the belt

2. Screw the combined block to its pulley with groove

3. The chord ends of the path to the above combined blocks

4. Attach the block to the shaft at any convenient position and

vertical downward direction

5. Put steel balls in one of the pans till the block starts moving up

to the material at convenient angle

6. No. of balls gives the Wr value of the block one

Repeat the procedure for 2 to 3 time and find any number of balls

and also for the other block.

Dynamic Balancing:

It is necessary to leave the machine before the experiment using the

value of as above and if the angular position and of variation of

rotation of 3 to 4 blocks for balancing of complete system.

From the calculation we finally clamps all the blocks on the shaft

in the appropriate position. Replace the motor belt transfer the main

frame to its hanging position and then by running motor we can verify

these calculations are correct and the blocks are respectively

balanced.

TABULATION:

SI.

NO

Plane no. Wr Distance from

No.

couple

RESULT:

Thus the position of the counter balancing weight in rotating mass

system was calculated.

DETERMINATION OF CRITICAL SPEED

OF THE SHAFT

AIM:

To determine the Critical speed of the shaft.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

1. Experimental setup

2. Stroboscope

END CONDITION:

The one end of the shaft is fixed and the other end is simply

support.

FORMULA USED:

For supported and fixed end conditions,

1. Deflection due to UDL = (5wi /384EI)

2. Speed = (0.4985/ S ) (rpm)

Where,

S = deflection of shaft (m)

W = Load (N)

I = Length of shaft (m)

E = Young s modulus (N/m)

I = Moment of Inertia (m)

OBSERVATION:

Length of the shaft, I=

Diameter of the shaft, d =

Weight of the shaft, W =

Youngs modulus, E =

Experimental speed, N =

CALCULATION:

Moment of Inertia I = (IId /64)

Deflection = (5WI/384EI)

Speed N = (499.85/) x 60 rpm

PROCEDURE:

1. The given shaft is mounted on the apparatus with the

required end condition.

2. The motor is started end its speed is gradually

increased. If the rpm is increased and deflection of

shaft has been found increasing and with the further

increase in speed it has been observed that the

deflection of the shaft has become very large.

3. The shaft at this speed is deflected into a single bow

and starts whistingline of a skipping rope. Speed at

this point is noted with the help of the stroboscope.

4. And this speed is called critical speed of the shaft.

RESULT:

Thus the critical speed of the given shaft is determined by

1. Theoretically =

2. Experimentally =

- Vibration Suppression BannerEnviado porBogdan Romanu
- KMEM4214 Applied Vibration ALsEnviado pordanish91
- Commentry on Indian Sesmic CodeEnviado porRahul Garg
- Lect 04 NoteEnviado porLucbinhtim Le
- V MecanicEnviado portierradiegoyahooes
- 01Enviado porAbdul Khaliq Khan
- Mechanical Vibrations Week 1Enviado pormrb87
- Dissertation JCEnviado porJack Clisby
- 333Enviado porSamik Mitra
- Single Degree of Freedom SystemEnviado porAjeng Swariyanatar Putri
- Vibrating StringsEnviado porMarcus Philip Gonzales
- ME3001 A4 Introductory Problems in VibrationEnviado porHarris Chacko
- 212292Enviado porJaime Berry
- Response SpectrumEnviado porHilary Watson
- fin07Enviado porSigan Chen
- Dumpers DesignEnviado porparcia90
- TOM_2 Lab Manual Corrected 20 Dec12Enviado pormunnavar29
- Piles Under Dynamic LoadsEnviado porB S Praveen Bsp
- Lecture 1 VibrationsEnviado porZubair Ishaq
- Lecture 1 VibrationsEnviado porMujtaba Rizvi
- vibration 2013 midTerm TestEnviado porgulab
- mech 3420Enviado porTorenToernteno
- Sine-Sweep-Vibration-Testing.pptxEnviado porAfham Ahmad
- 039_064Enviado porMakaraSoy
- Vibrations Report 4Enviado porCherif Chokeir
- Prontuário - Structural DynamicsEnviado porSamaraPimentel
- Mdof Examples PresentationEnviado poramadeus135
- effectsEnviado porThyaga Raj
- Pump Vibration Levels.pdfEnviado porhb437icloudcom
- Design Guide for Floor VibrationsEnviado porText Ranger

- ME2037_qb.pdfEnviado porkumaravel07
- ME2037 Maintenance EngineeringEnviado porVicky Vignesh
- Unit III Thick Cylinders- e Notes -PVRaoEnviado porkumaravel07
- ME2307 Lab ManualEnviado poramit4u1984
- 1.Manufaturing Technology Lab IIEnviado porSabareeswaran Murugesan
- ennEnviado porLoga Loganantham
- ladder.pdfEnviado porkumaravel07
- 1 (1)Enviado porkumaravel07
- Marketing Assignments.docEnviado porkumaravel07
- Kinematics of Machinery Lecturer Notes All 5 UnitsEnviado porbalajigandhirajan
- 1.docxEnviado porkumaravel07
- suriyaEnviado porkumaravel07
- g. Value Analysis and Value EngineeringEnviado porMaaz Farooqui
- kom-s1Enviado porkumaravel07
- AE206Enviado porkumaravel07
- KOM Question BankEnviado pornsubbu_mit
- 63813235 Kinematics of MachineryEnviado porkumaravel07

- Guidance AlgorithmsEnviado poranil2383
- Dario B. Giaiotti, Reinhold Steinacker, Fulvio Stel - Atmospheric Convection Research and Operational Forecasting Aspects.pdfEnviado porvladislav
- fluid mechenicsEnviado porRajesh Chandel
- 082 Ch 19 SelectedEnviado porRaymond Su
- Seismic Analysis of Skew Bridges SAP 2000 (1).pdfEnviado porsujups
- Question 1Enviado porLuis Emprendedor
- Lecture 1Enviado porShareef Ghouse
- EEE 6th sem Electrical drivesEnviado porSandip Mandal
- Capacitor DigsilentEnviado porAnonymous SXkhNw2wE
- 52831335 Igcse2009 Physics SamsEnviado porImadh Gulam
- PrismEnviado porHardianti Medi
- Rotor DynamicsEnviado poravciay
- Generator CourseEnviado porprasad5034
- TNA08 Science Education CrawfordEnviado portbrandusoiu
- Quantum Wave Packets on Kepler Elliptic OrbitsEnviado porggutierrezdieck
- ajp-jp4199505C443Enviado porIvo Risti Handayani
- 07A50202 POWER SYSTEM IIEnviado porVenu Algam
- MassSpectrometry(MS).pptxEnviado porKassim
- Lecture 7 Rev1Enviado porjamilthalji
- Homework 1 15Enviado porstylecouncil
- R Carretero-Gonzalez, D J Frantzeskakis and P G Kevrekidis- Nonlinear waves in Bose–Einstein condensates: physical relevance and mathematical techniquesEnviado porLomewcx
- Physics FinalEnviado porManas Jadaun
- MIT Ising ModelEnviado porAritra Lahiri
- Collision With WallEnviado porNirmal Jayanth
- What is an MRI scanEnviado porzafira_nabila
- Unit-4Enviado porkarnatisharath
- notes_ch1Enviado porAchmad Rochliadi
- Magnetic Effect of Current-q FinalEnviado porashok pradhan
- Physical Review Series I Volume 71 Issue 9 1947 Doi 10.11032Fphysrev.71.622 Wallace P. the Band Theory of GraphiteEnviado porhieu811
- Samsung Ct2088bwEnviado porYılmaz Ceylan

## Muito mais do que documentos

Descubra tudo o que o Scribd tem a oferecer, incluindo livros e audiolivros de grandes editoras.

Cancele quando quiser.