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DESIGN CALCULATIONS -

Date: 2/27/2012 12:06


REFERENCE NOTES
BS 7346 Part 4 : 2003.
BS EN 12101-1/3: 2003
BR 368 : 1999
The above refenced third party documents have been used as design / guideline documents.
SMOKE VENTILATION SYSTEM
The above refenced third party documents have been used as design / guideline documents.
Design Objectives Note
Life Safety
No
User Input
Property Protection
No
Constant
Aid to Fire Fighters
Yes
Results
Input Data Notes / References
Building Height (Apex) Ha 15.50 m
Building Height (Eaves / Haunch) 13.90
Calculated Plan Area 21679
m
Calculated Plan Area 21679
m
Number of Smoke Zones 11 BS 7347 P4 - 6.6.2.7, max 2000 / 2600m2
Design Smoke depth dlv 11.50
Sprinkler Operating Temperature SOT 79.00 C
Fixed data
Ambient temperature t 45 C
Absolute ambient temperature To 318 K
Acceleration due to gravity g 9.81 kg.s-
Density of ambient air 1.22 kg.m-
Coefficient of Inlet Ci 0 6 Coefficient of Inlet Ci 0.6
Coefficient of ventilation Cv 0.67
Specific heat capacity of air c 1.1 kJ.kg-.K-
Selected Design Fire Size A B
Perimeter of Fire P 12 12 m Assumed
Area of Fire Af 9 9 m Assumed
Entrainment Coefficient Ce 0.34 0.34 0.190 For large space rooms
0.337 For small space rooms
Ventilation area and inlet area ratio AvCv/AiCi 0.33 0.33 Range from 1, 0.5, 0.33, 0.25, 0.2, 0.15, 0.1 Ventilation area and inlet area ratio AvCv/AiCi 0.33 0.33 Range from 1, 0.5, 0.33, 0.25, 0.2, 0.15, 0.1
Narrowest width of smoke reservoir W 10 10 m
Downstand factor 78 78 Downstand factor - 78 if none.
Height to underside of smoke layer Y 4.00 4.00 m
Mass Flow of Smoke into layer Ml 32.35 32.35 kg/sec BS 7346 P4 - B.2,
Heat release rate per sq metre of fire qf 500.00 500.00 kW BS 7346 P4 - Annex A
Convective heat flux leaving flames Qf 4500.00 4500.00 kW
Heat loss to structure 10.00 10.00 % Assessment range 5 - 20%
Convective heat flux entering smoke layer Ql 4050.00 4050.00 kW
C l l d f k l l 113 80 79 00 BS 7346 P4 E 2 Calculated average temperature of smoke layer ql 113.80 79.00 C BS 7346 P4 - E.2
Absolute average temp of smoke layer Tl 386.80 397.00
K
Aerodynamic Area of exhaust ventilation AvCv 3.40 4.22 m BS 7346 P4 - F.6
Powered extract rate Vl 32.26 33.11 m.s- BS 7346 P4 - F.5
Minimum Flowing layer depth dl 1.31 1.31 m BS 7346 P4 - F.2
Critical exhaust rate Mcrit 720.54 720.54 kg.s- BS 7346 P4 - F.9
Minimum No. of exhaust ventilators N 1 1 BS 7346 P4 - F.11
Length of smoke ventilator Dv 2 2
il l i Ventilator Selection
Min number of vents per zone N 1 1
Coefficient of discharge for vent Cv 0.67 0.67
Overall measured throat area of ventilation Av 5.07 6.30 m
Measured throat area of vent selected DSV1020 3.61 3.61 m
Quantity of ventilators per smoke zone 2 2
Overall Quantity of vents 22 22
C l A i h l i b d i kl i i i h h k Column A is the solution based upon no sprinkler system interaction with the smoke.
Column B is the solution based upon the average smoke layer temperature being reduced to at or below the
sprinkler operating temperature
Formula Used
1. Mass flow of smoke into layer
MI C P (Y)
1.5
MI = Ce x P x (Y)
1.5
where, Ce is entrainment coefficient
P is perimeter of fire
Y Height to undesirable of smoke layer
2. Convecting Heat Flux leaving Flame
Qf = Af x qf
where, Af is Area of fire
qf is heat release rate per sq metre of fire
3. Convecting Heat Flux Entering Smoke layer
QI = Qf x (1 (heat loss/100)) QI = Qf x (1 - (heat loss/100))
4. Calculated average temperature of smoke layer
qI = QI / (c x MI)
where, c is specific heat of air
5. Absolute average temp of smoke layer
TI = qI +273
5. Poweer Extract Rate
VI = (MI x TI) / ( x To)
where, isdensity of air
To is absolute temperature of air
6. Minimum Flowing layer depth
dI = ( (MI x TI) / (Y x (qI)
0.5
x W) )
0.666
where, W is Narrowest width of smoke reservoir
7. Critical exhaust rate
Mcric = [ 2.05 x x (g x To x qI)
0.5
x dlv
2
x Dv ] / TI
where, dlv is design smoke depth
Dv is length of smoke ventilator Dv is length of smoke ventilator