World Cup: Brazil favored by how much? And is soccer socialist?

Betting the World Cup. Kevin Hassett: “Who will the lucky winner be? Economics has a surprisingly
large amount to say on the subject. Forget Thomas Piketty: By far the most important academic study out
this year is Goldman Sachs’s massive 'The World Cup and Economics 2014' . . . The authors developed
the best possible econometric model drawing on those data, and used it to generate a prediction that
Brazil has a 48.5 percent chance of being the World Cup champion.”

Ignore those World Cup productivity studies. Stan Veuger: “Every four years around the soccer World
Cup, the same pernicious pattern of lamentable link-baiting takes hold. Some sales data firm or a bunch
of employment lawyers will come up with an ‘analysis’ of productivity losses incurred as a consequence of
the attention people choose to pay to the tournament, and they will always find reporters happy to
summarize their ‘findings’ and propagate the idea that bad things are happening. . . . These reports are
useless and misguided. They are also dangerous.”

PRO/CON: Is soccer a socialist sport?
PRO — Marc Thiessen: “Capitalist sports are exciting — people often hit each other, sometimes even
score. Soccer fans are excited by an egalitarian 0-0 tie. When soccer powerhouses Brazil and Portugal
met recently at the World Cup, they played for 90 minutes — and combined got just eight shots on net
(and zero goals).”

CON — Stan Veuger: “Unlike the major American professional sports, failure is not rewarded and
incentivized in soccer. There is barely any revenue-sharing between teams; teams invest in young
players, often from as early as age 10 on; there are no salary caps for players; you don’t get to draft
better players if you perform poorly; and you can definitely go out of business, so to say, by getting
relegated.”
Jobs and Seattle's minimum wage hike

Seattle do-gooders just shot themselves in the foot. Michael Strain: “The [Seattle City] council is
correct to worry about the economic condition of the working class. American workers have been
suffering for many years now, and the perception that ‘the top 1 percent’ is doing great is widespread and
correct. It is natural and commendable for policymakers to want to take steps to help workers. But even a
modest increase in the minimum wage isn’t the answer. And a city-specific $15 per hour minimum wage
is simply reckless.”

On the jobs report:
Pethokoukis: It took the Obama recovery 5 years to regain lost jobs
Strain: June’s jobs numbers release: We’re back (with work to do)
Pethokoukis: America’s leftovers: 7 million missing workers

Another worrisome sign that the beating heart of the US economy is failing. James Pethokoukis:
“There seems to be a secular decline in new business formation. Not only does this mean fewer fast-
growing, highly innovative new firms, but also less competition for incumbents.”

Student loan crisis

Democrats are pushing a stimulus package for the college educated. Andrew Kelly: “Are we here to
help students who are qualified to attend college but are unable to afford it because of their family
background? Or should we spend billions to ensure that those who have already gone to college can
afford to buy a house? Many will likely say ‘both.’ Unfortunately, though, spending so much time and
money on the latter will make it harder to achieve the former.”
ALSO WATCH —Why is college so expensive?
Yet another problem with Piketty
Middle-class income is higher than Piketty claims. John Makin: “Piketty's new book is a valuable and
impressive study insofar as it has provoked a careful re-examination of what we know about the important
issue of income distribution. The most widely cited measures are misleading. That said, the middle class
is still hurting, due to the disproportionate wealth destruction it suffered in the aftermath of the 2008
financial crisis.”
The VA scandal, Obamacare, and Medicaid

Changing leadership will not cure the VA. Joe Antos: “The temptation is to fire more VA administrators
and tighten administrative controls. That ignores the fact that the falsified wait lists and poor service are a
direct response to the administrative controls already in place. Letting veterans have a voice in the care
they receive — and giving them the chance to take their business elsewhere — is the key to meeting the
nation's obligation to our veterans.”

TESTIMONY — The ACA does not equal health care access. Scott Gottlieb: “Americans who sign up
for insurance under the Affordable Care Act are finding many of these plans offer very narrow options
when it comes to their choice of doctors and drugs. Some observers argue the insurance business tactics
resulting in these narrow benefits are not unique to the ACA plans. But this isn’t entirely true.”
MORE FROM GOTTLIEB — Obamacare shortchanges patients with chronic disease and A healthcare
stumble that could wreck the Obamacare facade

Two sides of the Medicaid expansion coin. Tom Miller: “The HIP 2.0 Medicaid expansion does mean a
substantial expansion of the ACA coverage entitlement to a broader slice of the ‘able-bodied’ lower
income population. Will it provide a new pathway both to better health and heightened cost
consciousness? Or just the lure of an HSA-like wrapper to sell an additional layer of dependency on
politically mediated benefits?”

Eurocrisis 2.0?

Europe in denial. Desmond Lachman: “The political elite’s state of denial about the strong winds of
political change blowing through Europe is to be regretted. Without a move toward more expansionary
policies by countries like Germany and the Netherlands, there is every prospect that European
unemployment will remain at close to its present levels, which are near a postwar record.”
ALSO READ —Portugal’s IMF exit mistake
Learning nothing at the European Central Bank.James Pethokoukis: “The ECB’s faulty diagnosis of
the European disinflation process has led to an overly passive policy response to that process. It has
taken the ECB some nine months to respond to Europe’s disinflation process in the mistaken belief that
the deflation process would somehow reverse itself on its own accord.”
VIDEO — ECB moves to make overnight lending rates negative
Tech, cyber, and the FCC
Thwarting patent trolls is not as easy as it sounds. Michael Rosen: “Work presses on in the Senate to
hammer out a legislative compromise. Sens. Cornyn and Chuck Schumer (D-NY), both Judiciary
Committee members, have been working on language that may well form the backbone of the ‘manager’s
amendment’ Sen. Leahy has long promised. Fortunately, the Cornyn-Schumer language, which a Senate
source noted is still a work in progress, marks a significant improvement to existing proposals, including
Cornyn’s own.”
Claims that wireless service is too expensive just don’t hold up. Roslyn Layton: “American and
Canadian operators invest in wireless networks at the twice the rate of Europe's. Wireless prices in the
U.S. and Canada reflect the value of world-class networks, as well as real costs such as spectrum
licenses and deploying hundreds of thousands of towers and thousands of miles of backhaul fiber optics.
In that way, it should not be expected that prices be cheap, but only that they reflect the value of what
they offer.”

CALL FOR PAPERS — Joint AEI, FCC, and University of Nebraska College of Law conference on
“Regulating the evolving broadband ecosystem”

AEI EVENT VIDEO — The road ahead for cybersecurity — featuring Gen. Keith Alexander (ret., NSA)
and FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler

Finance

BOOK REVIEW — Rescuing subprime borrowers won’t fix the economy. Ed Conard: “The key to
accelerating the recovery is not to generate unsustainable consumption, as Mian and Sufi propose.
Rather, we must find sustainable uses for risk-averse savings — to fund productivity-enhancing
infrastructure, for example, if that were possible in more than just theory.”

Shadow banks: The G-7 demands action this year. Peter Wallison: “Given the fact that the G-7
leaders, including President Obama, signed on to this language, we can expect that the Financial Stability
Board will shortly be completing the work it earlier described as bringing ‘shadow banks’ within its ‘SIFI
Framework,’ and the FSOC will then follow suit with designations.”

Paper money has its advantages. Alex Pollock: “Whether or not one shares my personal preference for
banknotes, one has to admit that with governments’ obvious propensity to spy on the citizens, it would
take a very bold faith, indeed extreme credulity, to believe that any government would make or keep an
electronic currency anonymous.”
ALSO READ — How much can interest rates change in Bernanke’s lifetime?
It's 5:00 somewhere: ICYMI

Starting a craft brewery is as tough as starting a small business in China or Venezuela. James
Pethokoukis: “This study really illustrates all the ways, big and small, that government stands in the way
of an entrepreneur turning ideas and effort into a job-creating, wealth producing business. That is just not
going to cut it in an America where wage income will be harder and harder to come by.”
ALSO READ — Team Obama: Sorry, America, slower GDP growth may be here to stay

WATCH — The economic implications of Rep. Cantor’s defeat
Mark your calendar

6.16 Industrial production numbers
6.17 Consumer Price Index
6.17 Housing starts
6.18 AEI EVENT: Outsourcing the vote?
6.18 FOMC meeting announcement
6.18 FOMC forecasts
6.18 Yellen press conference
6.19 Jobless claims (weekly)
6.19 Philadelphia Fed survey
6.23 AEI EVENT: A conservative vision for social justice
Keep up with AEIecon during the week
Get up-to-the-minute updates @AEIecon.
Read more from the American Enterprise Institute economic policy team at www.aei.org.
Contact Abby at abby.mccloskey@aei.org if you have questions for the economics team.

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