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UNIT: [2] The Middle East

STANDARDS: Standard 2: World History


Students will use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their
understanding of major ideas, eras, themes, developments, and
turning points in world history and examine the broad sweep of
history from a variety of perspectives.
Students will use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their understanding of the geography of the
interdependent world in which we livelocal, national, and globalincluding the distribution of people,
places, and environments over the Earths surface.
Students investigate key turning points in World History and eplain why these events or
developments are significant.
I.O.:
L.O.:

SIOP FEATURES
PREPARATION
___ ADAPTATION OF CONTENT
___ LINKS TO BACKGROUND
___ LINKS TO PAST LEARNING
___ STRATEGIES INCORPORATED
SCAFFOLDING
___ MODELING
___ GUIDED PRACTICE
___ INDEPENDENT PRACTICE
___ COMPREHENSIBLE INPUT
GROUPING OPTIONS
___ WHOLE CLASS
___ SMALL GROUPS
___ PARTNERS
___ INDEPENDENT
INTEGRATION OF PROCESSES
___ READING
___ WRITING
___ SPEAKING
___ LISTENING
APPLICATION
___ HANDS-ON
___ MEANINGFUL
___ LINKED TO OBJECTIVES
___ PROMOTES ENGAGEMENT
ASSESSMENT
___ INDIVIDUAL
___ GROUP
___ WRITTEN
___ ORAL
VOCABULAR!
Se"ti#$ %
Fertile Crescent
Silt
Irrigation
Canals
Surplus
Division of Labor
Se"ti#$ 2
Sumer
City-State
Empire
Polytheism
Priests
Social Hierarchy

Se"ti#$ &
Cuneiform
Pictographs
Scribe
Epics
Architecture
iggurat
Se"ti#$ '
!abylon
Hammurabi"s Co#e
Chariot
Alphabet
VISUALS(MATERIALS!
Power Poi! Pre"e!#!io
Power Poi! $%e"!io S&ee!"
Se"ti#$ % Fa"t Sheet 'T&e Fer!i(e Cre")e!*
Se"ti#$ 2 Fa"t Sheet 'T&e Ri"e o+ S%,er*
Se"ti#$ & Fa"t Sheet 'S%,eri# A)&ie-e,e!"*
Se"ti#$ ' Fa"t Sheet 'L#!er Peo.(e" o+ !&e Fer!i(e
Cre")e!*
H#/o%! Me"o.o!#,i# Vi"%#( S%,,#r0
H#/o%! Me"o.o!#,i# Be((ri1er
Handout Mesopotamian Poster
H#/o%! H#,,%r#2i
H#/o%! Se3%e)i1 E-e!"
H#/o%! E&e/%##
H#/o%! T&e E.i) o+ Gi(1#,e"&
H#/o%! C&#.!er Re-iew
Te4! Boo5: E#"!er He,i".&ere 'C&#.!er 6*
S!%/e!" wi(( "!%/0 !&e A)ie! Me"o.o!#,i# Ci-i(i7#!io" 20 i/e!i+0i1 !&e #)&ie-e,e!" o+ !&e
S%,eri#"8 Hi!!i!e"8 A""0ri#"8 A55#/i#"8 B#20(oi#"8 #/ C&#(/e#"9
S!%/e!" wi(( "!%/e!" wi(( i!er.re! 5e0 )o)e.!"8 !er,"8 #/ i/e#" !&ro%1& re#/i18 wri!i18 (i"!ei1
#/ ".e#5i19
I.O.! S!%/e!" wi(( "!%/0 !&e -#((e0" o+ !&e Ti1ri" #/ E%.&r#!e" ri-er" 20 i/e!i+0i1 !&e "i!e o+ !&e wor(/:"
+ir"! )i-i(i7#!io"9
L.O.! S!%/e!" wi(( i!er.re! 6 5e0 !er," #/ i/e#" !&ro%1& re#/i18 wri!i18 (i"!ei1 #/ ".e#5i19
AIM! How /oe" #-#i(#2i(i!0 o+ w#!er )&#1e # (i+e"!0(e;
LESSON SE)UENCE SECTION %! The Fe*tile C*es"e$t
%. S!%/e!" wi(( )o,.(e!e "e)!io < !&e Power Poi! Pre"e!#!io #/ $%e"!io S&ee! #" # )(#"" !o o2!#i
2#)51ro%/ i+or,#!io o+ Me"o.o!#,i#9 Di")%"" !&e ,#i i/e#" 2e(ow #" # )(#"": S!%/e!" ,#0 #("o
)o,.(e!e !&e "e)!io < re-iew "&ee! )orre(#!i1 !o !&e !o.i) o+ T&e Fer!i(e Cre")e!9 '<= Mi%!e"*
The rivers of Southwest Asia supported the growth of civilization.
New farming techniques led to the growth of cities.
2. B#"e/ o !&e ee/" o+ !&e "!%/e!"8 )&oo"e oe o+ !&e +o((owi1 #)!i-i!ie" +or "!%/e! 2#"e/ (e#ri1:
SUPPORTING SPECIAL EDUCATION INSTRUCTION !"# minutes$
Culture Areas Chart H#-e "!%/e!" )re#!e # )&#r! o+ !&e 1eo1r#.&i)#( #re#" (i"!e/ i !&e !e4! 20 +o(/i1 # .ie)e o+ .#.er i!o
!&ree )o(%,"9 T&e &#-e "!%/e!" %"e # r%(er !o /r#w (ie" 2e!wee !&e )o(%,"9 T&e0 "&o%(/ (#2e( !&e +ir"! )o(%, >#re#8?
!&e "e)o/ )o(%, >)&#r#)!eri"!i)"8? #/ !&e !&ir/ )o(%, >)i-i(i7#!io9? U/er e#)& &e#/i18 &#-e "!%/e!" (i"! !&e #,e o+
e#)& #re# 'e9198 Me"o.o!#,i#*8 !&e )&#r#)!eri"!i)" 'e9198 "%rro%/e/ 20 !&e Ti1ri" #/ E%.&r#!e" Ri-er"8 e!)9* #/ "o,e
i+or,#!io #2o%! !&e )i-i(i7#!io 'e9198 >&%!er-1#!&erer 1ro%."8? e!)9*9
SUPPORTING ADVANCED/GIFTED AND TALENTED INSTRUCTION
Making Ineren!es Loo5 #! !&e #r!i+#)!" .i)!%re/ i !&e )&#.!er o.eer #/ wi!&i !&i" "e)!io8 or )o/%)! #//i!io#(
re"e#r)& o Me"o.o!#,i# #r!i+#)!"9 C&oo"e oe o2@e)! #/ !&i5 #2o%! !&e #r!i"# w&o )re#!e/ i!9 T#5e o !&e ro(e o+ !&e
#r!i"# #/ !#(5 #2o%! !&e o2@e)! wi!& # .#r!er9 >W&#! i" !&e .%r.o"e or %"e o+ 0o%r o2@e)!; To w&o, #re 0o% 1oi1 !o 1i-e
0o%r o2@e)!; W&#! were 0o% !&i5i1 #" 0o% were wor5i1 o !&e o2@e)!; W&#! wi(( 2e 0o%r e4! .ro@e)!;? E)o%r#1e "!%/e!"
!o "&#re !&eir !&o%1&!" wi!& # .#r!er9
REFLECTION(ASSESSMENT!
Critical $hin%ing& Dra'ing Inferences Write a proposal
for an irrigation system that will divert flood waters
and benefit riverbank farmers.
+OME,OR-!
I.O.! S!%/e!" wi(( "!%/0 !&e +ir"! )i-i(i7#!io 20 re-iewi1 !&e "!r%)!%re o+ !&e S%,eri# Ci-i(i7#!io9
L.O.! S!%/e!" wi(( i!er.re! 6 5e0 !er," #/ i/e#" !&ro%1& re#/i18 wri!i18 (i"!ei1 #/ ".e#5i19
AIM! How /i/ )i-i(i7#!io" ,##1e wi!&o%! e(e)!ri)i!0;
LESSON SE)UENCE SECTION II! The Rise #. S/0e*
%. S!%/e!" wi(( )o,.(e!e "e)!io A !&e Power Poi! Pre"e!#!io #/ $%e"!io S&ee! #" # )(#"" !o o2!#i
2#)51ro%/ i+or,#!io o+ Me"o.o!#,i#9 Di")%"" !&e ,#i i/e#" 2e(ow #" # )(#"": S!%/e!" ,#0 #("o
)o,.(e!e !&e "e)!io A re-iew "&ee! )orre(#!i1 !o !&e !o.i) o+ The Rise #. S/0e*9 '<= Mi%!e"*
The Sumerians created the worlds first advanced society.
Religion played a major role in Sumerian society.
2. B#"e/ o !&e ee/" o+ !&e "!%/e!"8 )&oo"e oe o+ !&e +o((owi1 #)!i-i!ie" +or "!%/e! 2#"e/ (e#ri1:
SUPPORTING ENGLIS"#LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION !%# minutes$
Un$erstan$ing Prei%es T&e !e4! %"e" !&e wor/ >.o(0!&ei",? i i!" /i")%""io o+ re(i1io i S%,er9 E4.(#i !o "!%/e!"
!&#! !&e .re+i4 >.o(0-? ,e#" >,#09? Li"! o!&er wor/" wi!& !&e .re+i4 o !&e 2o#r/9
For e4#,.(e:
polygon
polyglot
polymorphous
A"5 "!%/e!" !o (i"! #0 o!&er wor/" !&e0 5ow wi!& !&i" .re+i49
SUPPORTING SPECIAL EDUCATION INSTRUCTION !"# minutes$
Un$erstan$ing Legal Ter&s H#-e "!%/e!" )re#!e # .er"o#( /i)!io#r0 %"i1 -o)#2%(#r0 wor/" +ro, !&e "e)!io9 So,e
wor/" !&e0 ,i1&! /e+ie #re:
B r%r#(
B %r2#
B )i!0-"!#!e
B e,.ire
B .rie"!
E)o%r#1e "!%/e!" !o (oo5 +or ,%(!i.(e /e+ii!io" o+ !&e"e !er,"8 i)(%/i1 i+or,#!io +ro, !&e !e4! #/ +ro, !&e 1(o""#r09
H#-e "!%/e!" wri!e "e!e)e" or "&or! re".o"e" !o /e,o"!r#!e !&#! !&e0 %/er"!#/ e#)& !er,9
CHALLE()E AC$I*I$+ !" #inutes$
Critical $hin%ing&
Dra'ing Inferences You are the king of a Sumerian city-state. Write a letter to your priests asking them to
make offerings to the gods in order to protect your farms from a possible flood.
REFLECTION(ASSESSMENT!
Critical $hin%ing& Dra'ing Inferences You are the king
of a Sumerian city-state. Write a letter to your priests
asking them to make offerings to the gods in order to
protect your farms from a possible flood.
+OME,OR-!
St/de$ts 1ill "#02lete Mes#2#ta0ia$ Bell*i$3e*
I.O.! S!%/e!" wi(( "!%/0 S%,eri# #)&ie-e,e!" 20 i/e!i+0i1 !&eir i-e!io"9
L.O.! S!%/e!" wi(( i!er.re! C 5e0 !er," #/ i/e#" !&ro%1& re#/i18 wri!i18 (i"!ei1 #/ ".e#5i19
AIM! How &#" !&e )#(e/#r )&#1e/ &%,# (i+e;
LESSON SE)UENCE SECTION III! S/0e*ia$ A"hie4e0e$ts
%. S!%/e!" wi(( )o,.(e!e "e)!io D !&e Power Poi! Pre"e!#!io #/ $%e"!io S&ee! #" # )(#"" !o o2!#i
2#)51ro%/ i+or,#!io o+ Me"o.o!#,i#9 Di")%"" !&e ,#i i/e#" 2e(ow #" # )(#"": S!%/e!" ,#0 #("o
)o,.(e!e !&e "e)!io D re-iew "&ee! )orre(#!i1 !o !&e !o.i) o+ S/0e*ia$ A"hie4e0e$ts9 '<= Mi%!e"*
The Sumerians invented the worlds first writing system.
Advances and inventions changed Sumerian lives.
#any types of art developed in Sumer.
2. B#"e/ o !&e ee/" o+ !&e "!%/e!"8 )&oo"e oe o+ !&e +o((owi1 #)!i-i!ie" +or "!%/e! 2#"e/ (e#ri1:
SUPPORTING ENGLIS"#LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION !%& minutes$
Un$erstan$ing the Past Tense Re#/ !&e +o((owi1 e4)er.! +ro, !&e !e4! !o !&e "!%/e!": >E#)& .i)!o1r#.& re.re"e!e/ #
o2@e)!8 "%)& #" # !ree or # #i,#(9? Dr#w !&e +o((owi1 /i#1r#, +or "!%/e!":
E4.(#i !o "!%/e!" !&#! !&e "e!e)e i" "!#!e/ i !&e .#"! !e"e9 H#-e "!%/e!" !&i5 o+ o!&er e4#,.(e" %"i1 !&e "#,e "!r%)!%re9
SUPPORTING SPECIAL EDUCATION INSTRUCTION !'& minutes$
Su&er ' the N()el S%,eri# #)&ie-e,e!" #re i,.re""i-e9 H#-e "!%/e!" 2r#i"!or, # (i"! o+ !&e ,o"! i,.or!#! S%,eri#
#)&ie-e,e!" #" /e")ri2e/ i !&e !e4!9 I ",#(( 1ro%."8 &#-e "!%/e!" /e"i1 # !#2(e o+ )o!e!" o%!(ii1 w&#! e#)& )&#.!er o+
# 2oo5 o S%,eri# #)&ie-e,e!" wo%(/ i)(%/e9 E)o%r#1e "!%/e!" !o )o,.#re !&eir o%!(ie" i ",#(( 1ro%." or
i/i-i/%#((09
SUPPORTING GIFTED AND TALENTED LEARNERS %& #inutes$
ather information about ancient Mesopotamia. !hen" create a poster to share some of what you#ve learned
with elementary school students. $se the handout Mesopotamian Poster for instructions
REFLECTION(ASSESSMENT!
Critical $hin%ing& Dra'ing Inferences %onsider the
inventions of writing and the wheel. &s you go
through a normal day keep a list of the things you do
that rely on these two inventions.
+OME,OR-!
I.O.! S!%/e!" wi(( "!%/0 (#!er .eo.(e" o+ !&e Fer!i(e Cre")e! 20 re-iewi1 .re/e)e""or" o+ !&e S%,eri#"9
L.O.! S!%/e!" wi(( i!er.re! C 5e0 !er," #/ i/e#" !&ro%1& re#/i18 wri!i18 (i"!ei1 #/ ".e#5i19
AIM! W&0 wo%(/ "o ,#0 .eo.(e w#! !o "e!!(e i Me"o.o!#,i#;
LESSON SE)UENCE SECTION IV! Late* Pe#2les #. the Fe*tile C*es"e$t
%. S!%/e!" wi(( )o,.(e!e "e)!io E !&e Power Poi! Pre"e!#!io #/ $%e"!io S&ee! #" # )(#"" !o o2!#i
2#)51ro%/ i+or,#!io o+ Me"o.o!#,i#9 Di")%"" !&e ,#i i/e#" 2e(ow #" # )(#"": S!%/e!" ,#0 #("o
)o,.(e!e !&e "e)!io E re-iew "&ee! )orre(#!i1 !o !&e !o.i) o+ Late* Pe#2les #. the Fe*tile C*es"e$t9
'<= Mi%!e"*
The 'a(ylonians conquered #esopotamia and created a code of law.
)nvasions of #esopotamia changed the regions culture.
The *hoenicians (uilt a trading society in the eastern #editerranean region.
2. B#"e/ o !&e ee/" o+ !&e "!%/e!"8 )&oo"e oe o+ !&e +o((owi1 #)!i-i!ie" +or "!%/e! 2#"e/ (e#ri1:
SUPPORTING ENGLIS"#LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION !%# minutes$
I$enti*ing Changing Phrases Br#i"!or, wi!& "!%/e!" #0 .&r#"e" or wor/" !&#! i/i)#!e # )&#1e o+ i+or,#!io i !&e
!e4!9 For e4#,.(e: >A(!&o%1& Ur ro"e !o 1(or0 #+!er !&e /e#!& o+ S#r1o8 re.e#!e/ +orei1 #!!#)5" /r#ie/ i!" "!re1!&9? So,e
wor/" !o &i1&(i1&! #re: nonetheless+ despite+ however+ although9 Wri!e !&e (i"! o+ wor/" o !&e 2o#r/9 H#-e "!%/e!" )re#!e
# )o,.#ri"o )&#r! (i5e !&e oe #! ri1&! wi!& !&e i+or,#!io !&#! )o,e" +ro, !&e !e4!9
SUPPORTING SPECIAL EDUCATION INSTRUCTION !'& minutes$
Critical $hin%ing& Dra'ing Inferences Make a time line with appro'imate dates showing the various empires
and invasions that characteri(ed the history of Mesopotamia up to the time of the %haldeans.
SUPPORTING ADVANCED/GIFTED AND TALENTED INSTRUCTION !%# minutes$
+riting a Ne,s-a-er Arti!le H#-e "!%/e!" i,#1ie !&e0 @%"! &e#r/ #2o%! H#,,%r#2i:" Co/e9 H#-e !&e, 2r#i"!or, #
(i"! o+ wor/" !&#! /e")ri2e !&e Co/e #/ !&e !0.e" o+ (#w" )o-ere/ i !&e Co/e9 Wi!& !&i"
i+or,#!io8 &#-e "!%/e!" wri!e # "&or! ew".#.er #r!i)(e #o%)i1 !&e ew Co/e #/ /e")ri2i1 "o,e o+ !&e (#w"9 T&e0
"&o%(/ 2e1i !&eir #r!i)(e wi!& # &e#/(ie 'e9198 >H#,,%r#2i "&o)5" Me"o.o!#,i# wi!& &i" ew Co/e?*9 T&e +ir"! (ie "&o%(/
"%,,#ri7e !&e e-e! 'e9198 >H#,,%r#2i8 re".e)!e/ (e#/er #/ r%(er8 .re"e!e/ &i" ew Co/e !o !&e B#20(oi# .eo.(e !o/#09
T&e (#w" were re)ei-e/ wi!& r#-e re-iew"F?*9 E)o%r#1e "!%/e!" !o i)(%/e #" ,%)& i+or,#!io #" .o""i2(e i !&eir #r!i)(e"9
REFLECTION(ASSESSMENT!
Critical $hin%ing& Dra'ing Inferences Make a time line
with appro'imate dates showing the various empires
and invasions that characteri(ed the history of
Mesopotamia up to the time of the %haldeans.
+OME,OR-!
S!%/e!" wi(( )o,.(e!e !&e H#/o%! H#,,%r#2i
!I) IDEAS
,- The valleys of the Tigris and ,uphrates rivers were the site of the worlds first civilizations.
.- The Sumerians developed the first civilization in #esopotamia.
/- The Sumerians made many advances that helped their society develop.
0- After the Sumerians+ many cultures ruled parts of the -ertile .rescent.
C+APTER ASSESSMENT5S6!
<9 U.o !&e )o,.(e!io o+ !&e +or (e""o .#r!" +or !&i" )&#.!er8 "!%/e!" wi(( 2e 1i-e oe )(#"" .erio/ +or
re-iew #/ # oe )(#"" .erio/ #""e"",e!9
2. U.o !&e )o,.(e!io o+ !&e )&#.!er8 "!%/e!" wi(( &#/ i # re"e#r)& .ro@e)!8 i w&i)& e)o,.#""e"
re"e#r)& o oe o+ !&e #)&ie-e,e!" o+ A)ie! Me"o.o!#,i# o))%.#!"9
E7te$si#$ A"ti4ities!
Handout Mesopotamian Poster
Creating +our Poster )ollow the steps below to create your poster.
%hoose two or three main points from the notes you have taken.
Plan your poster on a piece of paper.
!ransfer your plan to your poster board.
%reate a title and center it at the top.
Write your main points and the supporting points.
Place your map or picture on the poster.
*emember that younger children may not be familiar with some of the vocabulary you use to describe
ancient Mesopotamia. *eplace difficult words with easier synonyms" or words with the same or similar
meanings.

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