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1. Circuit Theory:
Circuit components; network graphs; KCL, KVL; circuit analysis methods: nodal analysis, mesh analysis;
basic network theorems and applications; transient analysis: RL, RC and RLC circuits; sinusoidal steady state
analysis; resonant circuits; coupled circuits; balanced 3-phase circuits; Two-port networks.
2. Signals & Systems:
Representation of continuoustime and discrete-time signals & systems; LTI systems; convolution; impulse
response; time-domain analysis of LTI systems based on convolution and differential/difference equations.
Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform, Transfer function. Sampling and recovery of signals DFT,
FFT Processing of analog signals through discrete-time systems.
3. E.M. Theory:
Maxwells equations, wave propagation in bounded media. Boundary conditions, reflection and refraction of
plane waves. Transmission line: travelling and standing waves, impedance matching, Smith chart.
4. Analog Electronics:
Characteristics and equivalent circuits (large and small-signal) of Diode, BJT, JFET and MOSFET. Diode
circuits: clipping, clamping, rectifier. Biasing and bias stability. FET amplifiers. Current mirror; Amplifiers:
single and multi-stage, differential, operational, feedback and power. Analysis of amplifiers; frequencyresponse
of amplifiers. OPAMP circuits.
Filters; sinusoidal oscillators: criterion for oscillation; single-transistor and OPAMP configurations. Function
generators and wave-shaping circuits. Linear and switching power supplies.
5. Digital Electronics:
Boolean algebra; minimization of Boolean functions; logic gates; digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS,
CMOS). Combinational circuits: arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers and decoders. Sequential
circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers. Comparators, timers, multi-vibrators. Sample and
hold circuits, ADCs and DACs. Semiconductor memories. Logic implementation using programmable devices
6. Energy Conversion:
Principles of electromechanical energy conversion: Torque and emf in rotating machines. DC machines:
characteristics and performance analysis; starting and speed control of motors; Transformers: principles of
operation and analysis; regulation, efficiency; 3-phase transformers. 3-phase induction machines and
synchronous machines: characteristics and performance analysis; speed control.
7. Power Electronics and Electric Drives:
Semiconductor power devices: diode, transistor, thyristor, triac, GTO and MOSFETstatic characteristics and
principles of operation; triggering circuits; phase control rectifiers; bridge converters: fully-controlled and
principles of thyristor choppers and inverters; DC-DC converters; Switch mode inverter; basic
concepts of speed control of DC and AC Motor drives applications of variable-speed drives.
8. Analog Communication:
Random variables: continuous, discrete; probability, probability functions. Statistical averages; probability
models; Random signals and noise: white noise, noise equivalent bandwidth; signal transmission with noise;
signal to noise ratio. Linear CW modulation: Amplitude modulation: DSB, DSB-SC and SSB. Modulators and
Demodulators; Phase and Frequency modulation: PM & FM signals; narrowband FM; generation & detection
of FM and PM, Deemphasis, Preemphasis. CW modulation system: Superhetrodyne receivers, AM receivers,
communication receivers, FM receivers, phase locked loop, SSB receiver Signal to noise ratio calculation for
AM and FM receivers.

1. Control Systems:
Elements of control systems; block-diagram representation; open-loop & closed-loop systems; principles and
applications of feed-back. Control system components. LTI systems: time-domain and transform-domain
analysis. Stability: Routh Hurwitz criterion, root-loci, Bodeplots and polar plots, Nyquists criterion; Design of
lead-lad compensators. Proportional, PI, PID controllers. State-variable representation and analysis of control
2. Microprocessors and Microcomputers:
PC organisation; CPU, instruction set, register set, timing diagram, programming, interrupts, memory
interfacing, I/O interfacing, programmable peripheral devices.
3. Measurement and Instrumentation:
Error analysis; measurement of current, voltage, power, energy, power-factor, resistance, inductance,
capacitance and frequency; bridge measurement. Signal conditioning circuit; Electronic measuring
instruments: multimeter, CRO, digital voltmeter, frequency counter, Q-meter, spectrum-analyzer, distortionmeter.
Transducers: thermocouple, thermistor, LVDT, strain-gauge, piezo-electric crystal.
4. Power Systems: Analysis and Control:
Steady-state performance of overhead transmission lines and cables; principles of active and reactive power
transfer and distribution; per-unit quantities; bus admittance and impedance matrices; load flow; voltage
control and power factor correction; economic operation; symmetrical components, analysis of symmetrical
and unsymmetrical faults. Concept of system stability: swing curves and equal area criterion. Static VAR
system. Basic concepts of HVDC transmission.
5. Power System Protection:
Principles of overcurrent, differential and distance protection. Concept of solid state relays. Circuit breakers.
Computer aided protection: Introduction; line bus, generator, transformer protection; numeric relays and
application of DSP to protection.
6. Digital Communication:
Pulse code modulation (PCM), differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), delta modulation (DM), Digital
modulation and demodulation schemes: amplitude, phase and frequency keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK).
Error control coding: error detection and correction, linear block codes, convolution codes. Information
and source coding. Data networks, 7-layer architecture.

General Studies- I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.
Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to
modern times.
Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant
events, personalities, issues
The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different
parts of the country.
Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars,
redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism,
capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
Role of women and womens organization, population and associated issues, poverty and
developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
Effects of globalization on Indian society
Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
Salient features of worlds physical geography.
Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent);
factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in
various parts of the world (including India)
Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,
geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies
and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.
Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions
and basic structure.
Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the
federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges
and issues arising out of these.
Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments
of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
Salient features of the Representation of Peoples Act.
Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various
Constitutional Bodies.
Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of
their design and implementation.
Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and
associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the
protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,
Education, Human Resources.
Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications,
models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and
institutional and other measures.
Role of civil services in a democracy.
India and its neighborhood- relations.
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting Indias
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on Indias interests, Indian
Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and
Disaster Management.
Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and
Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
Government Budgeting.
Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and
irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related
constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution
System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security;
Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and
downstream requirements, supply chain management.
Land reforms in India.
Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
Investment models.
Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new
Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and
issues relating to intellectual property rights.
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
Disaster and disaster management.
Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking
sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with
Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
This paper will include questions to test the candidates attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity,
probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing
with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad
areas will be covered.
Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions;
dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values lessons from the
lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and
educational institutions in inculcating values.
Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and
political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship,
objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weakersections.
Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns
and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as
sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral
values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;
Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of
Conduct, Citizens Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds,
challenges of corruption.
Case Studies on above issues.