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Science (from Latin scientia, meaning "knowledge"

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) is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the
form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.
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In an older and closely related meaning, "science" also
refers to a body of knowledge itself, of the type that can be rationally explained and reliably applied.
Social science is an academic discipline concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society. It
includes anthropology, economics, political science, psychology and sociology. In a wider sense, it may often include some fields
in the humanities
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such as archaeology, history, law, and linguistics. The term may however be used in the specific context of
referring to the original science of society, established in 19th century, sociology (Latin: socius, "companion"; Greek ,
lgos, "word", "knowledge", "study."). mile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber are typically cited as the principal architects
of modern social science by this definition.
The definition of social science is the study of people and their relationships and interactions in society.
Branches of Social Science
Anthropology - the study of the cultural, social, and physical development of humans
Economics - the study of the ways in which a society deals with money and the availability of goods
History - the study of mans past and his decisions in order to find relationships between the events and causes for
them.
Political science - the study of the processes and principles of government and other political institutions
Psychology - the study of the minds functions as they relate to ones physical and social environment
Sociology - the study of of social behavior and societies
Education - the study of how people gain knowledge
Geography - the study of the Earth and the way humans are dispersed on it
Law - the study of the rules that society lives by and how they are formed or influenced by popular beliefs
Linguistics - the study of the structure of language, its syntax, phonology, semantics, phonetics, morphology, and the
nature of language and its variations
Criminology - the study of the criminal behavior of both individuals and of society
Archaeology - the study of past civilizations, with information gleaned from material remains, such as, artifacts,
buildings, graves, etc
Religion - the relationship between humans and God or gods
An example of social science is a group of anthropologists digging up clay water pots from an ancient Egyptian marketplace.
Economics is a social science that seeks to analyze and describe the production, distribution, and consumption of wealth.
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The
word "economics" is from the Greek [oikos], "family, household, estate," and [nomos], "custom, law," and hence
means "household management" or "management of the state." An economist is a person using economic concepts and data in
the course of employment, or someone who has earned a degree in the subject. The classic brief definition of economics, set
out by Lionel Robbins in 1932, is "the science which studies human behavior as a relation between scarce means having
alternative uses." Without scarcity and alternative uses, there is no economic problem. Briefer yet is "the study of how people
seek to satisfy needs and wants" and "the study of the financial aspects of human behavior."
Students who study economics will learn to use the ideas developed by economists and to investigate current issues.
It involve how much time to devote to work, to school, and to leisure, how many dollars to spend and how many to save, how
to combine resources to produce goods and services, and how to vote and shape the level of taxes and the role of government.