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SULIT PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2014

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SECTION A

1. A student eats several kinds of food and finds that the parts of the tongue X, Y and Z in Diagram 1 are
stimulated.







Diagram 1
Which of the following are the foods eaten by the student?
A. Sweets, chocolate and orange
B. Honey, lemon and common salt
C. Lime, vinegar and common salt
D. Sweets, vinegar and orange

2. Diagram 2 shows a longitudinal section of an eye with a defective vision.







Diagram 2
Which of the following causes the defective vision?
A. The eyeball is too short
B. The eyeball is too long
C. The eye lens is too thin
D. The size of the pupil is too small

3. Diagram 3 shows a longitudinal section of a human eye.









Diagram 3
What is the function of P?
A. Focuses light rays
B. Controls the size of the pupil
C. Detects light stimulus
D. Allows light to enter the eye









SULIT PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2014
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4. Diagram 4 shows the path of an impulse when the skin receives stimulus.





Diagram 4
Which of the following represents P and Q?
P Q
A. Brain Effector
B. Receptor Brain
C. Effector Receptor
D. Receptor Effector

5. Diagram 5 shows two types of eye defects.









Diagram 5
What types of eye defects are represented by X and Y?
X Y
A. Short-sightedness Long-sightedness
B. Astigmatism Long-sightedness
C. Long-sightedness Short-sightedness
D. Short-sightedness Astigmatism

6. Which of the following sensory organs can detect chemical substances?
A. Eye and nose
B. Tongue and skin
C. Nose and tongue
D. Nose and ear


7. The information below describes a type of response of a plant due to a stimulus.





Which of the following is the response?
A. Phototropism
B. Geotropism
C. Thigmotropism
D. Hydrotropism






Shoots grow towards the stimulus
Enable the plant to obtain sunlight
Roots grow away from the stimulus
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8. Diagram 8 shows the structure of the human skin.












Diagram 9
Which of the parts labelled A, B, C or D is the pressure receptor?

9. Which of the following shows the correct refraction of a light ray when light travels from air to water?
A. C.







B. D.








10. Vitamin X has the following characteristics:





Based on the information given, what is vitamin X?
A. Vitamin A
B. Vitamin B
C. Vitamin C
D. Vitamin D









Prevents scurvy
Promotes healthy skin
Found in lime

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11. Diagram 11 shows samples of foods.











Diagram 11
Which group of food has high content of carbohydrate?
A. Milk, tomato, fish
B. Rice, bread, noodle
C. Egg, bread, fish
D. Fish, egg, rice


12. Diagram 12 shows an experiment carried out to study the absorption of substances through a Visking tube.








Diagram 12
The distilled water is tested at the end of the experiment. Which of the following is the result of this
experiment?
Test for starch Test for glucose
A. Present Absent
B. Absent Present
C. Absent Absent
D. Present Present


13. Table 13 shows three types of food and their calorific values in 100 g of the food mentioned.
Type of Food Calorific Value / kJ
Rice 1500
Chicken egg 700
Banana 350
Table 13
A student had his breakfast by taking the food shown below.





A. 1275 kJ
B. 2375 kJ
C. 2550 kJ
D. 3875 kJ
200 g rice
100 g chicken egg
50 g banana

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14. Diagram 14 shows a man who is suffering from a disease.








Diagram 14
Which of the following nutrient is lacking in his diet?
A. Iodine
B. Vitamin
C. Calcium
D. Protein


15. Table 15 shows the observations for tests carried out on a food sample.

Food Test Observation
Benedicts solution is added to the food
sample and heated
Brick red precipitate is formed
A few drops of iodine solution is
dripped onto the food sample
A dark blue colour is formed
Table 15
The food sample contains
A. fat and starch
B. protein and starch
C. protein and fat
D. glucose and starch


16. A boy had his lunch and dinner by taking the following food.







The diet of the boy is lacking in
A. fibre protein
B. fat
C. protein
D. carbohydrate


17. Diagram 17 shows two animals of different classes.





Diagram 17
What are the similarities of these animals?
A. Lay eggs and are cold-blooded
B. Have scales and ear lobes
C. Lay eggs and are warm-blooded
D. Have dry scales and are warm-blooded
Lunch
Nasi lemak
Bread with butter
A glass of water

Dinner
Fried Kuey Teow
Fruit salad
A cup of coffee

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18. Which of the following groups of vertebrates are warm-blooded?
A. Fish only
B. Fish and amphibians
C. Mammals and reptiles
D. Birds and mammals


19. A vertebrate has the following characteristics.


Which of the following animals has the characteristics shown above?
A. Snake
B. Duck
C. Panther
D. Platypus


20. The following information shows the characteristics of a plant.





Which of the following plants have these characteristics?
A. Maize plant and grass
B. Oil palm and rubber tree
C. Grass and balsam plant
D. Durian tree and hibiscus plant


21. Diagram 21 shows parts of the classification of vertebrates.







Diagram 21
Which statement is correct?
A. X gives birth to young
B. Y is cold-blooded
C. X is covered with dry scales
D. Y breathes through gills


22. Which of the following is true about X?











A. Warm-blooded
B. Has moist skin
C. Has scaly skin
D. Gives birth to young
Possesses dry scales Cold-blooded Lays eggs
Hard stem
Tap root system
Leaves with network veins
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23. The graph in Diagram 23 shows the number of organisms K, L, M and N.













Diagram 23
Which of the following pyramid of numbers represents the relationship among the organisms?
A. C.








B. D.








24. Diagram 24 shows a pyramid number in a field.









Diagram 24
Which of the following shows the effect on the field if all the frogs are caught?
Snake Grasshopper Leaves
A. Decreases Increases Decreases
B. Increases Decreases Increases
C. Decreases Increases Increases
D. Decreases Decreases Decreases

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25. Snakes in oil palm estates are able to
A. control diseases of oil palm trees
B. prevent the stealing of palm fruits
C. control pests biologically
D. increase organic fertiliser

26. Diagram 26 shows an energy flow.







Diagram 26
Which of the following organisms are represented by K, L, M and N?
K L M N
A. Paddy Grasshopper Frog Snake
B. Grass Frog Rat Eagle
C. Snake Paddy Grasshopper Rat
D. Eagle Snake Frog Grasshopper


27. Diagram 27 shows the condition of a balsam plant.

























Diagram 27
The balsam plant wilts after three days because of insufficient
A. light
B. carbon dioxide
C. water
D. chlorophyll

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28. Which of the following statements explains why the activities of logging should be stopped?
A. Causes acid rain
B. Pollutes the coastal areas
C. Increases the haze content in air
D. Decreases the oxygen content in air


29. Diagram 29 shows a process K which occurs in a green leaf during the day.








Diagram 29
Which of the following are represented by K, L and M?
K L M
A. Photosynthesis Carbon dioxide Oxygen
B. Respiration Carbon dioxide Oxygen
C. Photosynthesis Oxygen Carbon dioxide
D. Respiration Nitrogen Carbon dioxide


30. Which of the following human activities causes the depletion of the ozone layer?
A. Forestry
B. Burning of fossil fuels
C. The use of chlorofluorocarbons
D. The use of hydro chlorofluorocarbons


High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Questions [From TIMSS]

31. What is the BEST reason for including fruits and leafy vegetables in a healthy diet? (TIMSS 1995)
A. They have high water content.
B. They are the best source of protein.
C. They are rich in minerals and vitamins.
D. They are the best source of carbohydrates.


32. What is the main function of chloroplasts in a plant cell? (TIMSS 1995)
A. To absorb light energy and manufacture
food
B. To remove waste materials by active
transport
C. To manufacture chemical energy from
food
D. To control the shape of the cell

33. On cold days, snakes usually lie very still and eat little or nothing, while birds usually move around and eat a
lot of food. Which statement best explains this? (TIMSS 1995)
A. Both animals are cold-blooded, but without feathers to keep warm, snakes get too cold to move.
B. Unlike birds, snakes are warm-blooded; they must hibernate during cold weather.
C. Unlike snakes, birds are cold-blooded; they are less affected by the cold than snakes.
D. Unlike snakes, birds are warm-blooded; they must eat food to maintain a constant temperature.





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34. Which of the following organs is NOT situated in the abdomen? (TIMSS 2003)
A. Liver
B. Kidney
C. Stomach
D. Heart


35. In living things, large and complex molecules are broken down into small and simple molecules.
What is the process called? (TIMSS 2007)
A. Excretion
B. Absorption
C. Digestion
D. Circulation


36. An animal has scales and uses only its lungs to exchange gases. What is the animal most likely to be
classified as? (TIMSS 2007)
A. A fish
B. A reptile
C. A mammal
D. An amphibian


37. When sound waves with large amplitude are composed to sound waves with small amplitude, which of the
following is true? (TIMSS 2007)
A. Sound waves with large amplitudes have less energy and sound quieter
B. Sound waves with large amplitudes have more energy and sound louder
C. Sound waves with large amplitudes have the same energy and sound quieter
D. Sound waves with large amplitudes have the same energy and sound louder


38. The gall bladder stores bile, a fluid that aids in digestion of fat. Which of the following types of food should
be avoided by a person whose gall bladder has been removed? (TIMSS 2007)
A. Fruits
B. Grains
C. Cheese
D. Vegetables


39. The crews of two boats at sea can communicate with each other by shouting. (TIMSS 1995)
Why is it impossible for the crews of two spaceships a similar distance apart in space to do this?
A. The sound is reflected more in space.
B. The pressure is too high inside the spaceships.
C. The spaceships are traveling faster than sound.
D. There is no air in space for the sound to travel through


40. Which of these meals would give you most of the nutrients that you need? (TIMSS 1995)
A. Meat, milk, and a piece of chocolate
B. Bread, vegetables, and fish
C. Vegetables, fruits, and water
D. Meat, fish, and bread









SULIT PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2014
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SECTION B

1. Diagram 1 shows the structure of a human ear.













Diagram 1
(a) On Diagram 1, label P, Q and R using the following words:


[3 marks]

(b) (i) Name structure X in Diagram 1.

__________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

(ii) State the function of X.

_________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

(c) Tick () in the box for structure that are not involved in the hearing mechanism.

Auditory nerve Eustachian tube
Oval window Semicircular canals
[2 marks]
(d) Name the types of tropisms shown below.


Shoot: ____________________________






Shoot: ____________________________

Root: ____________________________
[3 marks]


Cochlea Semicircular canals Ossicles
P:
Q:
R:

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SULIT PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2014
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2. Diagram 2 shows the human digestive system.
(a) (i) Label the following structures in Diagram 2.1. [3 marks]



















Diagram 2.1
Diagram 2.1
(b) Y contains hydrochloric acid. Name structure Y in Diagram 2.1. [1 mark]

(c) A food test was carried out on a food sample. The table below shows the results of the test.
Food Test Observation Food Class
A few drops of iodine solution is added Dark blue colour formed

Food sample is heated with a few drops of
Millons reagent
Dark red precipitate formed
(i) Complete the table above by stating the classes of food that are present in the food sample.
[2 marks]
(ii) Explain what happens to the food sample while it is in structure X.

___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

(iii) What happens to the final products of food digestion in Z?

___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

(d) Experiment to study the absorption of digested food is shown in the Diagram 2.2. What is represented
by the
(i) Visking tube? ______________________ d Diagram 2.2

(ii) Distilled water? ______________________
[2 marks]






Y:

Z

X
:
Oesophagus Pancreas Large intestine

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SULIT PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2014
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3. Diagram 3 shows the apparatus set-up for an experiment to determine the absorption of glucose.











(a) State the variables in the experiment. [3 marks]

Fixed variable
Manipulated variable
Responding variable

(b) The result of the experiment is shown in Table 3.2.

Test Observation
P Q R S
Iodine test Yellow Blue-black Blue-black Yellow
Benedicts test Brick-red precipitate Brick-red precipitate Pale blue Pale blue

Based on the result in Table 3.2,
(i) Mark () in the boxes to show the contents in test tubes P, Q, R and S. [4 marks]
Content Starch Glucose
P
Q
R
S

(ii) State one inference that can be made from 3 (b) (i).

_____________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________ [2 marks]

(iii) Name one organ in the human digestive system that has similar characteristics to the Visking
tube.

______________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]




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4. Diagram 4 shows animals V, W, X, Y and Z.









Diagram 4
(a) State one characteristic each of animals V, W, X, Y and Z based on the types of blood.

V: ___________________________
W: ___________________________
X: ___________________________
Y: ___________________________
Z: ___________________________
[5 marks]

(b) Classify animals V, W, X, Y and Z into two groups based on their common characteristics. Name the
animals belonging to each group.















[4 marks]


(c) State the types of vertebrates which breathe through moist skin.

_____________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]









V
:
W
:
X
:
Y
:
Z
V, W, X, Y and Z


Common
characteristics
Names of
animals

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SULIT PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2014
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5. Diagram 5 shows the carbon and oxygen cycles.




















Diagram 5
(a) Complete the carbon and oxygen cycles in Diagram 5 with the following information. [5 marks]





(b) State two functions of photosynthesis in the carbon cycle.

(i) _____________________________________________________________________________

(ii) _____________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]

(c) State three human activities that bring about an imbalance to the carbon and oxygen cycles.

(i) _____________________________________________________________________________

(ii) _____________________________________________________________________________

(iii) _____________________________________________________________________________
[3 marks]









Decomposition Carbon dioxide Oxygen Respiration Combustion

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High Order Thinking Skill (HOTS) Question

6. In rural area, there are many trees. The people living in the area decide to cut down the trees for wood.

















Give five possible long-term effect of their decision on the environment.

(a) ____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

(b) ____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

(c) ____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

(d) ____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

(e) ____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
[10 marks]







END OF QUESTION PAPER

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