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CFB Boilers in China

CFB Boilers in China


Jianxiong
Jianxiong
Mao
Mao
Department of Thermal Engineering
Department of Thermal Engineering
Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
CLEANER COAL WORKSHOP
AUGUST 19-21, 2008
HA LONG CITY, VIETNEM
Advantages of CFB combustion Boiler
Advantages of CFB combustion Boiler
Clean coal combustion
Lower NO
X
emission
Lower cost desulphurization during combustion
Fuel flexibility
Low grade coals, low volatile fuels: anthracite and
petroleum coke, coal mine mouth and coal
washery wastes, Biomass, municipal solid waste
Lower Load rate
Ash can be used for cement
Stability of operation
Status of CFB Boilers in China
Status of CFB Boilers in China
Total number of CFB boilers in operation
by the end of 2007 was 2637 units with
total installed capacity of about
40,000MWe;
Among the total 40,000MWe CFB boilers,
unit capacity between 100-200MWe was
over 100 units and unit capacity of
300MWe was 8 units in operation;
China has been the country with the
largest number and capacity of CFB
boilers in the world.
Statistics of CFB Boilers in China
Statistics of CFB Boilers in China

2007
2007

Capacity
t/h (MWe)
Number of Units of Total
(ordered, under construction
and in operation)
Number of units in
operation
25-50 1024 886
65-90 (25MWe) 1340 1159
100-130 (50MWe) 218 188
130-180 (75MWe) 86 69
200-280 (90MWe) 214 184
310-410 (100MWe) 55 46
420-485 (135MWe) 184 96
500-700 (200MWe) 6 1
1000 (300MWe) 31 8
Total 3158 2637
First 300MWe Anthracite CFB in Baima
First 300MWe Anthracite CFB in Baima
Power Plant in Sichuan Province
Power Plant in Sichuan Province
Coal with volatile matter
content less than 10% is
defined as Anthracite;
Anthracite is difficult to ignite,
stable and complete
combustion by PC boiler, but
is a good fuel for CFB boilers;
China is rich in anthracite
reverse and production, it is
used as steam coal for power
generation. CFB is a excellent
solution for efficient
anthracite combustion.
Big Potential for Coal Mine and
Big Potential for Coal Mine and
Coal
Coal
Washery
Washery
Wastes Fired CFB
Wastes Fired CFB
Annual coal production in China has been
over 2500 million tons in 2007, large amount
of coal mine and coal washery wastes can be
converted into electricity through CFB power
generation;
Only in Shanxi Province, which is the largest
coal producer in China, 5,000-6,000MWe CFB
power plants burning coal mine and coal
washery wastes will be built during 2006-2010,
which will consume 30-40 million tons of coal
mine and coal washery wastes .
Coal Mine and Coal
Coal Mine and Coal
Washery
Washery
Wastes Fired CFB Power Plants
Wastes Fired CFB Power Plants
CFB boilers used for
coal mine and coal
washery wastes fired
CFB power plants in
operation include
50MWe, 135MWe,
150MWe and 300MWe,
The largest 2300MWe
coal nine waste CFB
plant will be in operation
in August 2008 in Shanxi
Province.
4
4

150MWe Reheat CFB Burning Waste Anthracite


150MWe Reheat CFB Burning Waste Anthracite
Campha
Campha
Thermal Power Plant in Vietnam
Thermal Power Plant in Vietnam
Campha is the Largest
ongoing CFB Power Plant in
Vietnam
Location: Campha, Vietnam
EPC Contractor: Harbin Power
Engineering (HPE) , China
Subcontractor to HPE Providing
Engineering Package and Site
Service: Foster Wheeler
Start-Up Year: 2009/2010
Capacity: 4150MWe in 2 phases
Fuel: 80% Waste anthracite and
20% anthracite washery slurry
Campha
Campha
Thermal Power Plant Under Construction
Thermal Power Plant Under Construction
500 tons/day municipal solid waste (MSW)CFB
Power Plant Developed by Tsinghua University
The Sources of CFB Boiler Technology in China
The Sources of CFB Boiler Technology in China
Local CFB Technologies developed by:
Tsinghua University
Thermal Engineering Physics Institute
Thermal Power Research Institute
Imported Sub-critical CFB Technology from:
Foster Wheeler to:
Dongfang Boiler Company:100MWe CFB
Wuxi Boiler Company:150-300MWe CFB
EVT to:
Harbin Boiler Company: 135MWe CFB
CE to:
Shanghai Boiler Company: 135 MWe CFB
Alstom to:
Harbin/Dongfang/Shanghai Boiler companies: 300MWe CFB
Redevelopment of imported CFB technologies
200MWe CFB Boiler Jointly Developed by
200MWe CFB Boiler Jointly Developed by
Tsinghua University and Harbin Boiler
Tsinghua University and Harbin Boiler
Co.Ltd
Co.Ltd
Concept Design of 300MWe CFB Boiler
Developed by Tsinghua University
Features of concept design
of 300MWe CFB boiler:
Suitable for burning Chinese coal
(high ash and sulfur content and
low heating value);
Three(3) Cyclones without external
heat exchanger (EHE);
Parallel back pass with damper
reheat temperature control;
Tubular air heater for less air
leakage.
Introduced 200
Introduced 200
-
-
300MWe CFB
300MWe CFB
Technology from Foster Wheeler
Technology from Foster Wheeler
FB190
Introduced 200
Introduced 200
-
-
300MWe CFB
300MWe CFB
Technology from
Technology from
Alstom
Alstom
Why We Need Supercritical CFB ?
Why We Need Supercritical CFB ?
Performance Comparison Between Different Type of Thermal Power G Performance Comparison Between Different Type of Thermal Power Generation Units eneration Units
Types of units Sub-critical
2600MWe
Supercritical
2600MWe
Ultra-supercritical
21000MWe
Steam parameters 16.7MPa/
538/538
o
C
24.5MPa/
538/566
o
C
24.5MPa/
566/566
o
C
27.5MPa/
600/600
o
C
Heat rate of Steam
turbine
(Kcal/kwh)
1877 1830 1780 1772
Net efficiency
()
39 42.91 43.63 45.01
Coal consumption
(gce/kwh)
315 286 282 272.9
Reduction of coal
consumption
(gce/kwh)
Base 29 33 42
600MWe Supercritical CFB in China
600MWe Supercritical CFB in China
Development program of 600MWe supercritical CFB
boiler in China is a sub-project of 863 Program (High
Technology Development Program in China funded by
MOST ), which is jointly developed by Tsinghua and
Harbin Boiler Co. Ltd. Another two major boiler
companies- Dongfang and Shanghai are also to join
this development.
First 600MWe supercritical CFB utility boiler burning
anthracite will be built at Baima Power Plant.
Construction of this project will start by the end of
2008
Development of 600MWe Supercritical CFB in China
Development of 600MWe Supercritical CFB in China
Concept design of 600MWe
supercritical CFB boiler has
been completed.
Considering low and even
heat flux and temperature in
CFB furnace, smooth tube
can be used instead of rifled
tube in furnace.
A demonstration project of
600MWe supercritical CFB
power plant will be built in
2008 at Baima Power Plant.
Arrangement of 600MWesupercritical CFB
Arrangement of 600MWesupercritical CFB
Boiler of
Boiler of
Tsinghua
Tsinghua

s
s
Design
Design
Concept Design of 600MWe Supercritical CFB Boiler Jointly
Concept Design of 600MWe Supercritical CFB Boiler Jointly
Developed by Tsinghua University and Harbin Boiler Company
Developed by Tsinghua University and Harbin Boiler Company
Design features:
Pants leg furnace design
based on introduced
design from Alstom;
Combined ignition system
both under bed and above
bed;
Vertical tube water wall;
6 cyclones with 6 external
heat exchangers (EHEs);
Bottom ash drained from
both two side walls
through roller type ash
cooler;
4 regenerated air heaters
with 4 sectors
Basic Design Performances of
Basic Design Performances of
600MWe
600MWe
CFB Boiler Jointly Developed by
CFB Boiler Jointly Developed by
Tsinghua University and Harbin Boiler Company
Tsinghua University and Harbin Boiler Company
1. BMCR = 1900t/h
2. SH steam pressure=25.4MPa
3. SH steam temperature =5715
4. RH steam temperature = 5695
5. Boiler efficiency = 91.9LHV
6. Lowest boiler load without oil supply = 30BMCR
7. SO
2
emissions < 400mg/Nm
3
8. NOx emissions

200 mg/Nm
3
9. Removed bottom ash temperature at the outlet of
ash cooler 150
Roller Type Ash Cooler for 300/600 MWe
CFB Boilers Developed in China
Roller Type Ash Cooler for
300/600 MWe CFB Boilers
Concept Design of 600MWe Supercritical CFB
Concept Design of 600MWe Supercritical CFB
Boiler Developed by Dong Fang Boiler Company
Boiler Developed by Dong Fang Boiler Company
Design features:
Pants leg furnace design based
on introduced design from
Alstom;
Coal feed through loop seal
system;
Combined ignition system both
under bad and above bed;
6 cyclones with 6 external heat
exchangers (EHEs);
Bottom ash drained from both
two side walls through roller
type ash cooler;
4 regenerated air heaters with 4
sectors
Concept Design of 600MWe Supercritical CFB Boiler Jointly Develo Concept Design of 600MWe Supercritical CFB Boiler Jointly Developed by ped by
Thermal Engineering Physics Institute and Shanghai Boiler Comp Thermal Engineering Physics Institute and Shanghai Boiler Company any
Design features:
Single furnace design without
pants leg;
Vertical tube design with
partial rifle tube ;
Mass flow rate is 1400kg/m
2
s
6 cyclones with 6 external
heat exchangers (EHEs);
Bottom ash drained from both
two side walls through roller
type ash cooler;
Conclusions
Conclusions
CFB as a clean coal technology is very important for
the countries such as China where coal is the
dominant factor in energy structure;
China has been the country with the largest number
and capacity of CFB boilers;
CFB has been a mature technology as utility boiler for
power generation with unique advantages vs PC
boilers such as low emissions and fuel flexibility;
CFB is specially suitable for burning anthracite, low
grade coal, biomass and municipal solid waste for
power generation.
Thank you