Você está na página 1de 6

NAME:_________________

LAB: IDENTIFYING MYSTERY GASES


PURPOSE:
The purpose of this lab is to use the information on gas tests learned in class to predict which
gases are produced in each reaction and identify different gases produced in the reactions.
HYPOTHESIS:
After reading the Procedure and examining the reactants in each reaction, write a hypothesis to
predict the gas that is produced in each reaction.
MATERIALS:
Goggles Flint starter
4 test tubes Hydrochloric acid solution
testtube rac! "agnesium ribbon
hydrogen peroxide solution Tongs
manganese dioxide powder #imewater solution
toothpic! $odium bicarbonate powder
% wooden splints Testtube stopper
&unsen burner
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS:
Hydrochloric acid is corrosi'e. Any spills on the s!in, in the eyes, on clothing should be washed
immediately with cold water. (eport any spills to your teacher.
Hydrogen peroxide is poisonous and a strong irritant. "anganese dioxide is also toxic. (eport
any spills to your teacher.
NAME:_________________
SNC1D1 LAB - IDENTIFYING MYSTERY GASES
PROCEDURE:
Part 1: Hydrog! Pro"#d a!d Ma!ga!$ D#o"#d
). Put on your goggles.
*. +sing a clean, dry test tube, pour about 4 cm of hydrogen peroxide solution into a test tube.
,btain a tiny amount of manganese dioxide powder on the blunt end of a toothpic!. (ecord
% physical properties of the two reactants in the obser'ation table.
%. #ight a burning splint using the &unsen burner according to the instructions gi'en by your
teacher.
4. Add the manganese hydroxide to the hydrogen peroxide. Allow the reaction to proceed for
about - seconds, and note changes during the reaction in the obser'ation table.
-. &ring the burning splint close to the mouth of the test tube. .f no reaction occurs, blow out
the flame and insert the glowing splint half way into the test tube.
/. (ecord your obser'ations, and the result of the splint test in the obser'ation table.
Part %: Hydro&'(or#& A&#d a!d Mag!$#)*
). ,btain another clean, dry test tube. Pour about 4 cm of hydrochloric acid solution into the
test tube. ,btain a small piece of magnesium ribbon. (ecord % physical properties of the
two reactants in the obser'ation table.
*. #ight a burning splint using the &unsen burner according to the instructions gi'en by your
teacher.
%. (oll the magnesium into a ball and add it to the acid using forceps. 0ote any changes of the
reaction in the obser'ation table.
4. &ring the burning splint close to the mouth of the test tube. .f no reaction occurs, blow out
the flame and insert the glowing splint half way into the test tube.
-. (ecord your obser'ations, and the result of the splint test in the obser'ation table.
Part +: Hydro&'(or#& A&#d a!d Sod#)* B#&ar,o!at
). ,btain two clean, dry test tubes. Pour about 4 cm of fresh limewater solution into the first
test tube. Pour about 4 cm of hydrochloric acid solution into the second test tube. ,n a
piece of paper, obtain a small amount of sodium bicarbonate. (ecord % physical properties
of the two reactants in the obser'ation table. 11P#2A$2 0,T23 #."24AT2( .$ 0,T A
(2A5TA0T11.
*. $lowly add the sodium bicarbonate into the test tube containing hydrochloric acid. 0ote
any changes of the reaction in the obser'ation table.
%. #ight a burning splint using the &unsen burner according to the instructions gi'en by your
teacher.
4. &ring the burning splint close to the mouth of the test tube. .f no reaction occurs, blow out
the flame and insert the glowing splint half way into the test tube.
-. (ecord your obser'ations, and the result of the splint test in the obser'ation table.
/. .f the splint went out, carefully pour the P(,6+5T GA$ from the reaction tube into the
limewater. 6, 0,T P,+( TH2 $,#+T.,0 .0T, TH2 #."24AT2( T+&2.
7. Put a stopper into the limewater test tube to seal it. "ix the limewater and gas by turning
the tube upside down se'eral times.
NAME:_________________
8. 6ispose of all mixtures into the waste containers pro'ided at the end of the lab benches.
5lean up your wor!station, put away all materials and wash your hands.
NAME:_________________
DISCUSSION -UESTIONS:
Answer the following 9uestions using complete sentences.
). 4hy did you record your obser'ations before proceeding with each chemical reaction: ;)
mar!<
*. 4hat gas;es< were you testing for with the burning splint: The glowing splint: ;* mar!s<
%. 4hat gas were you testing for with limewater: ;) mar!<
4. 4hat other indication did you ha'e that this gas might be present: ;) mar!<
-. 4hat e'idence do you ha'e of each change: ;% mar!s<
/. 4hich gas seemed to be the most ha=ardous in this acti'ity: 4hy:
;* mar!s<
7. Fill in the following table, listing the chemical and physical properties of the gases produced
in this in'estigation. ;/ mar!s<
Ga$ P'y$#&a( Pro.rt#$ /%0 C'*#&a( Pro.rt#$ /%0
Hydrogen
NAME:_________________
5arbon 6ioxide
,xygen
PART STARTING SUBSTANCE OBSER1ATIONS AFTER
MI2ING /AT LEAST +0
RESULTS OF GAS TEST
/SPLINT OR LIME3ATER0
GAS PRODUCED
NAME PROPERTIES /AT LEAST +0
)
"anganese
6ioxide
&urning3
Glowing3
Hydrogen
Peroxide
*
"agnesium &urning3
Glowing3 0>A
Hydrochloric
Acid
%
$odium
&icarbonate
&urning3
Glowing3
#imewater3 Hydrochloric
Acid