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Fall 2011
CHE565F: Aqueous Process Engineering

Instructor: V.G. Papangelakis, WB213, vladimiros.papangelakis@utoronto.ca

Lectures: Tuesday 11-1, BA2135
Thursday 10-11, BA2195
Tutorial: Thursday 11-12, BA2195

a) To understand the importance of aqueous chemistry on engineering applications from
the minerals, and metals, industries; with extensions to environmental remediation.
b) To use and learn chemical process modelling tools and software for inorganic aqueous
systems (mineral water solutions)

Course Outline
Introduction (0.5 week)
a) Definitions: Aqueous Processing
b) Physicochemical properties of water and ionic solutions

Ions in solution (2.5 weeks)
a. Metal Ions in solution
b. Equilibrium constant Review of aqueous thermodynamics
c. Acids and Bases
d. Complex formation equilibria
e. Speciation and distribution diagrams
f. Computer-aided calculation of aqueous equilibria
Computer Lab: Thursday, September 29, GB144

Solid-aqueous equilibria (2 weeks)
a. Chemical precipitation of metals
a.1. Precipitation chemistry of metal hydroxides
a.2. Solubility product
a.3. Solubility diagrams
Application: Impurity removal by precipitation

Quiz #1: Thursday, October 6

b. Computer-aided calculation of solid-aqueous equilibria

Vapour-aqueous equilibria (1 week)
a. Solubility of gases
Application: oxidative pressure leaching of sulphide minerals
b. Computer-aided calculation of vapour-aqueous equilibria
Computer Lab: Thursday, October 27, GB144

Mid-Term examination: Tuesday, November 1.

Solid-aqueous electrochemical equilibria (3 weeks)
a. Electrochemical equilibria
a.1. Eh-pH stability diagrams
a.2 Electrochemical dissolution
a.3. Electrochemical precipitation-
Cementation, Electrowinning, Electrorefining
a.4. Hydrogen reduction
b. Computer-aided assessment of E-pH
Computer Lab: Thursday, November 10, GB144

Quiz #2: Thursday, November 17

Kinetics of mineral dissolution (1 week)
a. Dissolution reaction reagents and paths
b. Rate controlling mechanisms in leaching
c. Definitions of rate laws and reactor types

Shrinking core models (1 week)
a. Surface reaction control
b. Diffusion control
c. Particle size distributions

Integrated aqueous processes (1 week)
Examples of real aqueous processing systems will be presented and discussed.


Component Mark
Quizzes (2, Closed book) 20%
Mid-term exam (Closed book) 20%
Final exam (Type B, Closed book,
Calculator Type 2, Non-programmable)

Teaching Assistants:
o Mr. Mykey Carlos (Computer labs), WB 223, mykey.carlos@utoronto.ca
o Mr. Ani Dani, (Tutorials and problem sets) WB 211, ani.dani@utoronto.ca
Course notes: Will be posted on BB
Course website: Blackboard