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SEPHER HA-RAZI M

Society of Biblical Literature


TEXTS AND TRANSLATIONS
PSEUDEPIGRAPHA SERIES
Harold W. Attridge, Editor
Texts and Translations 25
Pseudepigrapha Series 1 1
SEPHER HA-RAZI M
The Book of the Mysteries
Translated by
Michael A. Morgan
SEPHER HA-RAZI M
The Book of the Mysteries
Translated by
Michael A. Morgan
Scholars Press
Chico, California
SEPHER HA'RAZI M
The Book of the Mysteries
Translated by
Michael A. Morgan
1 983
Society of Biblical Literature
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
Sepher ha-razi m. Engl i sh.
Sepher ha-razi m: The book of the mysteri es.
(Pseudepi grapha seri es ; 11) (Texts and transl a-
ti ons ; 25)
Transl ati on of: Sefer ha-razi m.
1. Cabal a. I. Mor gan, Mi chael A. I I . Ti tl e. I I I . Ti tl e:
Book of the mysteri es. I V. Seri es. V. Seri es: Texts and
transl ati ons ; 25.
BM525. A3712M67 1983 296.r6 82- 25181
I SBN 0- 89130- 615- 3
Pri nted i n the Uni ted States of Ameri ca
PREFACE TO THE SERI ES
TEXTS AND TRANSLATI ONS I s a pr oj ect of t he Coi rani ttee on
Resear ch and Publ i cat i ons of t he Soci et y of Bi bl i cal Li t er at ur e and
i s under t he gener al di r ect i on of Kent H. Ri char ds ( I l i f f School of
Theol ogy) , Execut i ve Secr et ar y, and Leander Keck ( Yal e Di vi ni t y
School ) , Chai r man of t he Commi t t ee. The pur pose of t he pr oj ect i s
t o make avai l abl e i n conveni ent and i nexpensi ve f or mat anci ent t ext s
whi ch ar e not easi l y accessi bl e but ar e of i mpor t ance t o schol ar s and
st udent s of "bi bl i cal l i t er at ur e" as br oadl y def i ned by t he Soci et y.
Rel i abl e moder n Engl i sh t r ansl at i ons wi l l accompany t he t ext s. The
f ol l owi ng subser i es have been est abl i shed t hus f ar :
PSEUDEPI GRAPHA, edi t ed by
Har ol d W. At t r i dge ( Sout her n Met hodi st Uni ver si t y)
GRECO- ROMAN RELI GI ON, edi t ed by
Hans Di et er Bet z ( Uni ver si t y of Chi cago)
Edwar d N. O' Nei l ( Uni ver si t y of Sout her n Cal i f or ni a)
EARLY CHRI STI AN LI TERATURE, edi t ed by
Rober t L. Wi l ken ( Uni ver si t y of Not r e Dame)
Wi l l i amR. Schoedel ( Uni ver si t y of I l l i noi s)
For t he PSEUDEPI GRAPHA SERI ES t he choi ce of t ext s i s gover ned
i n par t by t he r esear ch i nt er est s of t he SBL Pseudepi gr apha Gr oup,
of whi ch J ohn J . Col l i ns ( De Paul Uni ver si t y) i s cur r ent l y Chai r man,
and J ames H. Char l eswor t h ( Duke Uni ver si t y) i s Secr et ar y. Thi s
ser i es wi l l f ocus on J ewi sh mat er i al s f r omt he Hel l eni st i c and
Gr eco- Roman per i ods and wi l l r egul ar l y i ncl ude t he f r agment ar y
evi dence of wor ks at t r i but ed t o bi bl i cal per sonal i t i es, cul l ed f r om
a wi de r ange of J ewi sh and Chr i st i an sour ces. The vol umes ar e
sel ect ed, pr epar ed, and edi t ed i n consul t at i on wi t h t he f ol l owi ng
edi t or i al commi t t ee of t he Pseudepi gr apha Gr oup: Sebast i an P.
Br ock ( Cambr i dge Uni ver si t y, Engl and) , Rober t A. Kr af t ( Uni ver si t y
of Pennsyl vani a) , Geor ge W. MacRae ( Har var d Di vi ni t y School ) , Geor ge
W. E. Ni ckel sbur g, J r . ( Uni ver si t y of I owa) , Mi chael E. St one
( Hebr ew Uni ver si t y, I sr ael ) , and J ohn St r ugnel l ( Har var d Di vi ni t y
School ) .
I n t he cur r ent vol ume t he ser i es pr esent s onl y an Engl i sh
t r ansl at i on of an anci ent t ext . Thi s di ver gence f r omt he usual
pr act i ce i s due t o t he f act t hat t he Hebr ew t ext of t he Sepher
Ha- Razi m i s r eadi l y avai l abl e i n a r ecent edi t i on, whi l e no Engl i sh
t r ansl at i on exi st s. I t i s hoped t hat t he cur r ent vol ume wi l l make
mor e wi del y known t hi s i mpor t ant wor k of J ewi sh magi cal l i t er at ur e.
Har ol d W. At t r i dge, Edi t or
FOREWORD
I wi sh t o expr ess my appr eci at i on t o t he Uni ver si t y of Al ber t a
f or t he r esear ch gr ant whi ch made t he wor k on t hi s t ext possi bl e and
t o J oan Pat on, Rhoda Zuk, and Gerane West who assi st ed i n t he
pr epar at i on of t he manuscr i pt . Hel pf ul suggest i ons concer ni ng
t r ansl at i on and under st andi ng wer e r ecei ved f r omHar ol d W. At t r i dge,
Theodor e H. Gast er and Roy Davi d Kot ansky. Thei r i deas and
suggest i ons have been i ncor por at ed i nt o t he t ext . Most of al l I
woul d l i ke t o t hank Mor t on Smi t h, who under t ook a det ai l ed r evi ew
of t he t r ansl at i on and whose knowl edge and i nsi ght made i t possi bl e.
Mi chael A. Mor gan
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Ser i es Pr ef ace
V
For ewor d
vi i
I nt r oduct i on 1
Si gl a
14
Sepher Ha- Razi m, Tr ansl at i on 15
Fi r st Fi r mament 21
Second Fi r mament 43
Thi r d Fi r mament 61
Four t h Fi r mament 67
Fi f t h Fi r mament 73
Si xt h Fi r mament
77
Sevent h Fi r mament 81
Appendi x: Angel i c Li st s
87
I ndi ces
91
I NTRODUCTI ON
I n 1963, whi l e st udyi ng Kabbal i st i c t ext s at Oxf or d, Mor decai
Mar gal i ot h happened upon a Geni zah f r agment whi ch gave a magi cal
pr axi s t o assi st one i n wi nni ng at t he r acet r ack. Recal l i ng si mi l ar
f or mul as f r omt he Geni zah col l ect i on and el sewher e, he began a
det ai l ed st udy of t he pr eser ved f r agment s of magi cal l i t er at ur e. He
post ul at ed t hat t hese f r agment s may have al l come f r oma common
sour ce whi ch coul d be r econst r uct ed. Hi s r esear ch l ed t o t he
publ i cat i on of Sepher Ha- Razi m i n 1966.
The publ i shed t ext i s ecl ect i c. No si ngl e document avai l abl e
t o Mar gal i ot h cont ai ned al l of t he mat er i al whi ch was t o appear i n
t he f i nal t ext . Enough was avai l abl e, however , t hat he f el t
conf i dent t hat he had successf ul l y r econst r uct ed a magi cal handbook
f r omt he ear l y Tal mudi c per i od. Si nce i t s publ i cat i on, SHR has
pr oven a val uabl e sour ce of i nf or mat i on f or st udi es per t ai ni ng t o
magi c i n ant i qui t y and f or st udi es r el at i ng t o J ewi sh l i f e i n t he
f i r st cent ur i es CE.
Mar gal i ot h was an excel l ent t ext ual schol ar . Even t hough
addi t i onal t ext s have come t o l i ght si nce t he publ i cat i on of SHR,
hi s or i gi nal wor k i s an except i onal pi ece of schol ar shi p whi ch
demands wi der ci r cul at i on and use among schol ar s i nt er est ed i n t he
J udai sms of t he Hel l eni st i c age. No doubt a r e- edi t i ng of SHR i s
needed i n t he f ut ur e. For t he pr esent , I hope t he schol ar l y
communi t y wi l l f i nd t hi s annot at ed t r ansl at i on of t he Mar gal i ot h
t ext a val uabl e t ool f or f ur t her st udy.
SEPHER HA- RAZI M
Codi ces
Ther e wer e seven maj or codi ces avai l abl e t o Mar gal i ot h f or t he
pr epar at i on of hi s t ext . Each of t hemcont ai ned si gni f i cant por t i ons
of what was t o become SHR.
1. P - The Kauf man manuscr i pt i n t he Or i ent al Li br ar y of t he
Hungar i an Academy i n Budapest . No. 224, pp. 41- 63.
2. K - J ewi sh Theol ogi cal Semi nar y Manuscr i pt Li br ar y,
J TSL no. 163, p. 15A t o p. 48B.
3. ^ - J ewi sh Theol ogi cal Semi nar y Manuscr i pt Li br ar y,
J TSL no. N. 014, p. 8B t o p. 28B.
4. ^ - The Fl or ence Manuscr i pt i n t he Li br ar y Medi cea
Laur enzi ana, no. Pl ut . 44. 13, p. 107B t o p. 118A.
5. A manuscr i pt i n t he Nat i onal Li br ar y, J er usal em,
Heb. S"" 476, p. 69B t o p. 81B.
6. Schocken Manuscr i pt , Schocken Li br ar y, J er usal em,
Kabbal ah Manuscr i pt 3. Thi s i s a copy of t he
Fl or ence manuscr i pt .
7. 0 - J ewi sh Theol ogi cal Semi nar y Manuscr i pt Li br ar y,
J TSL no. N. 012, pp. 1- 24.
Of t hese seven manuscr i pt s Mar gal i ot h used onl y t he f i ve mar ked wi t h
Hebr ew l et t er desi gnat i ons. Al l of t he f i r st si x ar e ar r anged
si mi l ar l y and ar e bound t oget her wi t h Maseket Hekhal ot h, Maaseh
Ber eshi t , and Shi ur Komah. They al l cont ai n si mi l ar omi ssi ons, bot h
acci dent al and del i ber at e, by t he scr i bes. Ms. 1 ( p) seems t o be
t he super i or ver si on, of t en compl et i ng wor ds and sent ences whi ch ar e
omi t t ed i n t he ot her ver si ons. I t i s t he most pr eci se and appear s
t o cont ai n t he f ewest di st or t i ons. Mss. 5 and 6 cont ai ned no
mat er i al of speci al si gni f i cance and wer e not used. Ms. 7 ( 0) i s an
expanded and el abor at ed ver si on. I t s edi t or st at es t hat i t was
pr oduced f r omt wo document s, a shor t er Hebr ew t ext and an expanded
A. THE MANUSCRI PTS
I NTRODUCTI ON 3
Lat i n t r ansl at i on. The l i st s of angel i c names i n t hi s ver si on ar e
mor e ext ensi ve t han i n t he ot her s. The t ext al t er nat es l anguages
and gi ves bot h ver si ons i n pl aces. I n addi t i on, Mar gal i ot h ( Sepher ,
50- 51) l i st s f our manuscr i pt s whi ch wer e not avai l abl e t o hi m.
Hebr ew Geni zah Fr agment s
The f ol l owi ng f r agment s ar e desi gnat ed >.
1. Oxf or d MS. Heb. C. 18/ 30:
One par chment page cont ai ni ng ni net een l i nes on each
si de. The begi nni ng l et t er s of each l i ne on si de one and
t he concl udi ng l et t er s of each l i ne on si de t wof r om t he
mi ddl e of t he page t o t he bot t omar e mut i l at ed.
Cont ent : The begi nni ng of SHR t o 1: 6.
4. Cambr i dge T- S K 1/ 97:
One smal l paper page cont ai ni ng t went y l i nes on bot h
si des. Cont ent : 1: 13- 54.
10. Cambr i dge T- S K 1/ 145:
Two l ar ge paper pages whi ch ar e mut i l at ed on al l f our
si des, par t i al l y i l l egi bl e, and t or n. The r emai nder
has t hi r t y- si x/ t hi r t y- seven l i nes per si de.
Cont ent : 2: 100- 4: 47.
14. Cambr i dge T- S K 21/ 95, f r agment 2:
One smal l paper page cont ai ni ng t went y l i nes on si de one
onl y. Cont ent : 7: 1- 9.
The f ol l owi ng f r agment s ar e desi gnat ed l A.
2. Adl er J TSL ENA 2750, pp. 4- 5.
Two smal l pages cont ai ni ng sevent een l i nes on each
si det or n and of t en i l l egi bl e. Cont ent : P: 1- 1: 1.
6. Cambr i dge T- S N. S. 135:
One page cont ai ni ng t went y- one l i nes on each si det or n
and of t en i l l egi bl e. Cont ent : 1: 47- 71.
11. Cambr i dge T- S K 1/ 102:
One page cont ai ni ng t went y- one l i nes on each si de.
Cont ent : 3: 15- 46.
12. Cambr i dge T- S K 1/ 13:
One page cont ai ni ng t went y l i nes on si de one and
sevent een l i nes on si de t wo. Cont ent : 4: 8- 30.
SEPHER HA- RAZI M
The f ol l owi ng f r agment s ar e desi gnat ed 2A.
3. Cambr i dge T- S K 21/ 95:
One par chment page cont ai ni ng t went y- t wo l i nes on si de one
and t went y- f our l i nes on si de t wo. Cont ent : P: 10- 1: 18.
Si mi l ar t o l A / / I .
13. Cambr i dge T- S N. S. 246/ 26:
One page cont ai ni ng si xt een- sevent een l i nes per si de
but some l i nes ar e mi ssi ng f r omt he t op of t he page.
Cont ent : 4: 29- 52.
The f ol l owi ng f r agment s ar e desi gnat ed J .
5. Cambr i dge T- S K 1/ 98:
One par chment page cont ai ni ng t went y- si x l i nes on each
si de. The begi nni ng l i nes on si de one and t he concl udi ng
l i nes on si de t wo ar e mut i l at ed. Cont ent : 1: 17/ 65.
7. Oxf or d MS. Heb. D. 62/ 50:
One page mut i l at ed di agonal l y f r omt he t op of t he page
t hr ough l i ne 5. Si de t wo i s i l l egi bl e. Cont ent : 2: 30- 76.
9. Leni ngr ad Ant oni ne Col l ect i on No. 238:
One par chment page. Cont ent : 2: 30- 76.
The f ol l owi ng f r agment r ecei ved no desi gnat i on:
8. Adl er J TSL ENA 2673/ 23.
One paper page, badl y mut i l at ed. Cont ent : 1: 237- 2: 25.
The Ar abi c Fr agment s
Ther e ar e t en ar abl e f r agment s whi ch wer e f ound by Mar gal i ot h i n
t he Geni zah mat er i al . They ar e desi gnat ed or l y wher e t hey ar e
dupl i cat es.
1. Oxf or d MS. Heb. f . 45:
Ei ght een par chment pages and by f ar t he most i mpor t ant
of t he Ar abi c Fr agment s. Cont ent : 1: 6- 2: 8.
2. Oxf or d MS. Heb. e. 67/ 32- 33:
Two pages. Cont ent : 1: 1- 18.
3. Cambr i dge T- S Ar abi c 31/ 183:
One page. Cont ent : 1: 1- 100.
4. Cambr i dge T- S Ar abi c 43/ 260.
I NTRODUCTI ON
5. Cambr i dge T- S N. S. 298/ 72:
Two pages t or n at t he t op and mi ssi ng some sect i ons i n
t he mi ddl e. Begi ns wi t h 2: 204.
6. Cambr i dge T- S Ar abi c 43/ 84:
Two pages. Page one begi ns wi t h 2: 130 and page t wo begi ns
wi t h 4: 10.
7. Dr opsi e Col l ege, Phi l adel phi a, Geni zah Col l ect i on no. 437.
One ver y t or n par chment page. Begi ns wi t h 4: 10.
8. Cambr i dge T- S Ar abi c 45/ 12:
One page begi nni ng at 3: 51, and t hen omi t t i ng t he f our t h
f i r mament and cont i nui ng wi t h t he f i f t h f i r mament .
9. Cambr i dge T- S Ar abi c 33/ 9:
One par chment page begi nni ng wi t h t he l ast l i ne of t he
t hi r d f i r mament ( 3: 58) and cont i nui ng wi t h t he f i f t h
f i r mament .
10. Cambr i dge T- S Ar abi c 43/ 223:
One page begi nni ng wi t h 4: 38.
Lat i n Tr ansl at i on
The Lat i n t r ansl at i on i s t i t l ed Li ber Razi el i s Angel i and i s
f ound i n t he Senat e Li br ar y i n Lei pzi g, Codex Lat i nus No. 745.
Mar gal i ot h di d not r ecei ve a copy of t hi s manuscr i pt unt i l af t er t he
t ype had been set f or t he Hebr ew edi t i on. Consequent l y he r ef er s t o
onl y a f ew pl aces i n i t . Unl i ke t he Ar abi c, t he Lat i n i s a f r ee
t r ansl at i on and adapt at i on whi ch has been gr eat l y expanded. Of t he
Hebr ew codi ces, i t i s cl osest t o D, whose edi t or cl ai ms t o have used
a Lat i n ver si on.
Ot her Sour ces
Mar gal i ot h dr ew heavi l y upon many medi eval col l ect i ons of
magi cal spel l s and f or mul as whi ch he f el t wer e descended f r omhi s
post ul at ed or i gi nal . The most i mpor t ant of t hese ar e:
1. Sepher Razi el , Amst er dam1701. Si gl um: *T.
2. Sepher Razi el , manuscr i pt s and f r agment s, cf . Mar gal i ot h,
Sepher , 44f .
6 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
3. Sepher Kamay ^ot , J TSL 2272. Si gl um: n.
4. Sepher Kamay ^ot , f r agment s, cf . Mar gal i ot h, Sepher , 51.
5. Maf t each Shl omo, Facsi mi l e Oxf or d 1914. Si gl um: n.
6. Sepher Ha- Mal bush, Kauf man 245. Si gl um: !?.
A vi sual r epr esent at i on of t he ecl ect i c nat ur e of t he t ext can be
f ound on t he char t pr oduced by Ni ggemeyer , BeschwHr ungsf or mel n,
bet ween pages 18 and 19.
B. STRUCTURE
The t ext of SHR i s di vi ded i nt o seven unequal sect i ons
pr eceeded by a pr ef ace whi ch cont ai ns a descr i pt i on of t he book' s
t r ansmi ssi on and f unct i ons. Bef or e t he f l ood, i t was pr esent ed by
t he angel . Razi el t o Noah who used i t as a gui de. Af t er t he f l ood i t
was passed down t hr ough t he Bi bl i cal gener at i ons t o Sol omon.
The st r uct ur e of t he seven heavens r ef l ect s t he f ai r l y common
cosmol ogy known f r omJ ewi sh ci r cl es dur i ng t he Hel l eni st i c age. I t
has cl ose par al l el s t o Tal mudi c passages, t he Enoch l i t er at ur e, and
t he Hekhal ot h l i t er at ur e. The heavens ar e di vi ded as f ol l ows:
1. The f i r st f i r mament has seven separ at e encampment s. Each
encampment i s r ul ed by an angel i c over seer who has
numer ous angel s l i st ed as ser vi ng hi m.
2. The second f i r mament i s di vi ded i nt o t wel ve st eps or
l evel s. Each has bet ween ni ne and t went y angel s who can
be cal l ed upon.
3. The t hi r d f i r mament i s r ul ed by t hr ee angel s. Each has a
t r oop of angel s whi ch ser ve hi m.
4. The f our t h f i r mament i s di vi ded bet ween t hi r t y- one angel i c
pr i nces and t hei r encampment s who l ead t he sun dur i ng t he
day and t hi r t y- one angel i c pr i nces and t hei r encampment s
who l ead t he sun dur i ng t he ni ght .
I NTRODUCTI ON 7
5. The f i f t h f i r mament i s r ul ed by t wel ve pr i nces of gl or y
who r epr esent t he t wel ve mont hs of t he year .
6. The si xt h f i r mament i s di vi ded bet ween an east er n over l or d
who r ul es t went y- ei ght angel i c l eader s and t hei r
encampment s and a west er n over l or d who r ul es t hi r t y- one
angel i c l eader s and t hei r encampment s.
7. The sevent h f i r mament i s a descr i pt i on of t he di vi ne t hr one
f ol l owed by a l ong doxol ogy.
Each f i r mament , except t he sevent h, and each subdi vi si on i s
descr i bed as t o i t s nat ur e and f unct i on. For each subdi vi si on t her e
i s a magi cal pr axi s descr i bed whi ch can be i ni t i at ed by cal l i ng upon
t he angel s l i st ed i n t hat subdi vi si on and by f ol l owi ng t he pr escr i bed
r i t es. Wi t h f ew except i ons, t he magi cal pr axi s wi l l r ef l ect t he
descr i pt i ons of ei t her t he angel s or t he heaven i t sel f . The r ul es of
sympat hy and cont agi on ar e cl ear l y i n evi dence.
Wi t h mi nor except i ons, t hi s i s an out l i ne of t he over al l
st r uct ur e of any gi ven subdi vi si on.
I . A descr i pt i on of t he f i r mament f ol l owed by
A. A descr i pt i on of t he subdi vi si on and i t s usage
or gani zed t hus:
1. Names of t he angel s of t he subdi vi si on
2. Descr i pt i on of t he angel s and t hei r f unct i on
3. The pur pose t hese angel s can be made t o ser ve
4. The pr ocedur es t o be f ol l owed i n pr epar at i on
5. The i nvocat i on t o be spoken t o i ni t i at e t he
pr axi s ( i n some cases t hi s has been l ost )
6. I n some cases, addi t i onal act i ons and/ or
i nvocat i ons t o assi st , al t er , or r ever se
t he magi cal pr axi s
A f i ne anal ysi s of t he f or mand st yl e of t hese i ncant at i ons and
i nvocat i ons has been done by Ni ggemeyer , Beschw^r ungsf or mel n, 63- 118.
8 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
'"A not abl e except i on t o t he consensus i s I t hamar Gr uenwal d,
( Apocal ypt i c, 226) , who dat es t he wor k t o si xt h or sevent h cent ur y.
C. DATE
Dat i ng an ecl ect i c t ext i s di f f i cul t at best . The consensus of
t hose schol ar s who have wor ked wi t h t he t ext i s t o suppor t Mar gal -
i ot h ' s dat i ng of SHR t o t he ear l y f our t h or l at e t hi r d cent ur y CE. "^
The r easons gener al l y l i st ed f or t hi s ar e:
1. The r ef er ence t o t he Roman i ndi ct i ons i n 1: 27- 28 ( cf .
Mar gal i ot h, Sepher , 24) gi ves a cl ear t er mi nus a quo of
297 CE.
2. The maj or i t y of t he t ext i s wr i t t en i n a pur e mi dr ashi c
Hebr ew whi ch r ef l ect s t he per i od.
3. Many of t he Gr eek wor ds f ound i n t he t ext ar e t echni cal
t er ms used i n t he magi cal pr axei s of t hat per i od.
4. The spel l s and i ncant at i ons of SHR cl osel y par al l el t he
magi cal mat er i al pr eser ved i n t he Gr eek magi cal papyr i and
i n t he Ar amai c i ncant at i on bowl s.
5. The f or ms of t he adj ur at i ons ar e si mi l ar t o mat er i al we
know f r omt he ear l y Rabbi ni c l i t er at ur e.
6. The cosmol ogi cal f r amewor k of t he t ext r ef l ect s t he Enoch
and Hekhal ot h l i t er at ur e of t hat per i od.
Al t hough Mar gal i ot h' s basi c assumpt i ons have gai ned t he suppor t of
t he maj or i t y of schol ar s, we must under st and exact l y what i t i s we
ar e dat i ng.
Ther e ar e t wo di f f er ent t ypes of document her e. The f i r st i s a
cosmol ogi cal f r amewor k whi ch shows a mar ked si mi l ar i t y wi t h t he
hekhal ot h l i t er at ur e. The second i s a col l ect i on of unr el at ed
magi cal pr axei s whi ch show a mar ked si mi l ar i t y t o t he mat er i al s
pr eser ved i n PGM. Chen Mer chavya ( J E 13, 1594- 95) i mpl i es t hat t he
pr axei s wer e woven i nt o t he descr i pt i ons of t he angel s and t he
I NTRODUCTI ON 9
heavens. Thi s woul d make t he cosmol ogi cal f r amewor k t he pr i mar y
document . Sur el y t he r ever se i s t r ue. Gr uenwal d poi nt s out t he SHR
shoul d not be cl assed as hekhal ot l i t er at ur e despi t e i t s si mi l ar i t y.
The magi cal pr axei s ar e t he pr i mar y sour ce.
I t seems t o me mor e l i kel y t hat t he magi cal pr axei s have been
pr ovi ded wi t h a cosmol ogi cal f r amewor k i nt ended t o make t hemappear
as l egi t i mat e J ewi sh pr act i ces. Thus t he f or mul as, spel l s, and
i ncant at i ons pr esumabl y exi st ed pr i or t o t hei r pr esent f or m. The
use of Gr eek and Ar amai c wor ds i s l i mi t ed t o t he act ual pr axei s.
The l anguage of t hose sect i ons i s si mpl e and st r ai ght f or war d. I t
l acks t he f l ower y descr i pt i ve wor di ng and t he Bi bl i cal quot at i ons of
t he cosmol ogi cal f r amewor k. The onl y except i on t o t hi s l i es i n t he
l ong adj ur at i ons of t he l at t er f i r mament s and t hese har dl y seempar t
of t he or i gi nal pr axei s t hemsel ves. SHR has a cosmol ogy whi ch
concer ns i t sel f i n gr eat det ai l wi t h J ewi sh r i t ual pur i t y, but
pr axei s whi ch demand we eat cakes made f r ombl ood and f l our . We
have a f r amewor k whi ch speaks of t he gl or y of YHWH, but pr axei s
whi ch of f er pr ayer s t o Hel i os, and i nvoke Her mes and Aphr odi t e. We
shoul d i ndeed dat e SHR t o t he ear l y f our t h cent ur y CE but i t i s
cr uci al t o r ecogni ze t hat what f asci nat es us most about t hi s t ext ,
t he magi c, i s par t of a f ol k t r adi t i on whi ch dat es f r oman ear l i er
t i me. For exampl e, t he i dol used t o quel l a r i si ng r i ver i n
2: 115f f . i s cl ear l y one whi ch t he Rabbi s i n Avodah Zar ah 3: 1 f or bi d
J ews t o make or possess. Si nce t he Rabbi s f ound i t necessar y t o ban
t he i mage, one must assume t hat i t was i n popul ar use pr i or t o t he
Mi shnah*s compi l at i on. I n dat i ng SHR we ar e not dat i ng t he
ant i qui t y of t he pr axei s t hemsel ves.
10 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
J ust as we cannot dat e an ecl ect i c t ext by r ef er ence t o any one
sect i on, so we cannot det er mi ne i t s or i gi n by any one sect i on. Even
a number of r ef er ences wi l l af f or d no mor e t han a l i st of possi -
bi l i t i es. I t i s f ar t oo easy t o be l ed t o a concl usi on, f or exampl e,
t hat SHR i s of Egypt i an- J ewi sh or i gi n. The ol dest f r agment s wer e
pr eser ved t her e. The passage of t he sun t o t he East vi a t he Nor t h
r ef l ect s Egypt i an myt hol ogy. The use of hi er at i c papyr us was a si gn
of t he Egypt i an pr i est hood' s magi cal r i t es. The l i st i ng of t he
descent t hr ough t he mot her was a common Egypt i an pr act i ce and of
cour se t he Roman i ndi ct i ons poi nt t o a possi bl e Al exandr i an or i gi n.
Most compel l i ng, however , i s t he cl ose si mi l ar i t y bet ween t he
mat er i al pr eser ved i n SHR and t hat of PGM.
Such a l i st i ng i s per suasi ve unt i l obj ect i vel y anal yzed. That
an Egypt i an J ewi sh scr i bal communi t y pr eser ved t he t ext i s no
ar gument f or i t s aut hor shi p. The sun' s passage i s par t of ot her
f ol kl or es and was sur el y a common t heme i n t he anci ent wor l d.
Hi er at i c papyr us was known as a magi cal t ool out si de of Egypt .
Descent t hr ough t he mot her was a popul ar aphor i smof t he Gr eco- Roman
wor l d as wel l as a basi s f or J ewi sh l egal def i ni t i ons and ser ves i n
SHR t o i nsur e t he ef f ect i veness of t he pr axi s. The i ndi ct i ons wer e
used t hr oughout t he Roman wor l d and coul d easi l y have been par t of a
document wr i t t en i n Const ant i nopl e. That t her e ar e cl ose si mi l ar i -
t i es bet ween SHR and PGM i s sur el y of i nt er est but cl ose si mi l ar i t i es
al so exi st bet ween SHR and t he i ncant at i on bowl s of Syr i a. Fur t her -
mor e, t hat PGM was f ound onl y i n Egypt mer el y poi nt s out how
f or t unat e we ar e t hat Egypt ' s cl i mat e i s so wel l sui t ed f or
pr eser vi ng such mat er i al .
I NTRODUCTI ON 11
Magi c was t he common pr oper t y of t he peopl e of t he Gr eco- Roman
wor l d. The pr axei s coul d have ar i sen i n any par t of t hat wor l d and
have been i ni t i al l y pr eser ved i n any par t of t hat wor l d. To at t empt
t o l ocat e a si ngl e pl ace of or i gi n woul d be f ut i l e.
Fur t her mor e, we shoul d not at t empt t o pl ace t he magi cal pr axei s
of SHR wi t hi n any speci f i c gr oup. The pr axei s ar e par t of t he
popul ar r el i gi on of t he age. J ews who coul d pl ace a mosai c of
Hel i os on t hei r synagogue f l oor s cer t ai nl y coul d not have f ound i t
st r ange t o of f er i nvocat i ons t o t hat same god. On t he ot her hand,
SHR has cl ear l y under gone edi t i ng at t he hands of mor e " t r adi t i on-
al l y" or r abbi ni cal l y or i ent ed scr i bes. We can sense t he t ensi ons
bet ween a devel opi ng or t hodoxy and a popul ar r el i gi on her e. SHR
i s a f i ne exampl e of t he syncr et i st i c nat ur e of t he Hel l eni st i c
wor l d.
D. THE TRANSLATI ON
A t r ansl at i on ei t her can be l i t er al , t o r ender t he exact wor ds
of t he Hebr ew, or can be par aphr ast i c t o cat ch t he meani ng. Thi s
t r ansl at i on cont ai ns el ement s of bot h sor t s. I t s pur pose i s t o
convey t he meani ng i n each case as cl ear l y as possi bl e. Par ent heses
have been used t o set of f wor ds and phr ases whi ch ar e not f ound i n
t he Hebr ew t ext , but ar e ei t her i mpl i ed, under st ood, or needed t o
cr eat e a r eadabl e t r ansl at i on.
I have at t empt ed t o f ol l ow t he Mar gal i ot h t ext as cl osel y as
possi bl e. When a di f f er ent r eadi ng i s of f er ed i t i s so f oot not ed.
The t echni cal Gr eek t er ms and pr ayer s have been t r ansl at ed i n t he
t ext and f oot not ed.
12 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
= K
L = !?
B = :a M = n
G = A N = H
0 = 1 S = D
H = n
c = y
W = 1 P = D
Z = T S = i?
H = n

Q = P
T = 0
Y = *>
R = 1
S =V)
K = D T = n
The angel i c l i st s pr esent ed a speci al pr obl em. Ther e was so
much conj ect ur e i nvol ved i n cr eat i ng t hese l i st s i n t r ansl i t er at ed
f or mt hat I opt ed, f or t he sake of consi st ency and accur acy, t o
pr oduce t he l i st s wi t hout t he specul at i ve vocal i zat i on. For t hose
who f i nd t hi s an unsat i sf act or y sol ut i on, I have pr ovi ded t he Hebr ew
l i st s i n Appendi x I .
Hebr ew/ Engl i sh equi val ent s f or t he t ext ar e as f ol l ows:
I NTRODUCTI ON 13
E. ABBREVI ATI ONS AND SHORT TI TLES
DMP
Gi nzber g, Legends
Goodenough, Symbol s
Gr uenwal d,
Apocal ypt i c
J ast r ow, Di ct i onar y
Fr anci s L. Gr i f i t h, The Demot i c Magi cal
Papyr us, London: H. Gr evel & Co. , 1904.
Loui s Gi nzber g, Legends of t he J ews, Phi l a-
del phi a: J ewi sh Publ i cat i on Soci et y, 1937.
Er wi n R. Goodenough, J ewi sh Symbol s i n t he
Gr eco- Roman Per i od, New Yor k: Pant heon
Books, 1953- 1968.
I t hamar Gr uenwal d, Apocal ypt i c and Mer kavah
Myst i ci sm, Lei den: E. J . Br i l l , 1980.
Mar cus J ast r ow, A Di ct i onar y of t he Tar gumi m
The Tal mud Babl i and Yer ushal mi and t he
Mi dr ashi c Li t er at ur e, New Yor k: The J udai ca
Pr ess, 1971.
J E
Mar gal i ot h, Sepher
Ni ggemeyer ,
Beschw8r ungsf or mel n
PGM
J ewi sh Encycl opaedi a, J er usal em: Ket er
Publ i shi ng Lt d. , 1972.
Mor decai Mar gal i ot h, Sepher Ha- Razi m,
J er usal em: Yedi ot Achr onot , 1966.
J . H. Ni ggemeyer , Beschw8r ungsf or mel n aus dem
Buch der Gehei mni sse, Hi l der shei m: Geor g
01ms Ver l ag, 1975.
Kar l Pr ei sendanz, Papyr i Gr aecae Magi cae,
Lei pzi g: B. G. Teubner , vol . I 1928, vol . I I
1931. Quot ed by papyr us and l i ne number .
SHR Sepher Ha- Razi m
SI GLA
K J TSL no. 163. See p. 2.
n J TSL no. N. 014. See p. 2.
A Geni za f r agment s. See pp. 3-4.
1 Sepher Razi el . See p. 5.
n Sepher Kamay^ot . See p. 6.
n Maf t each Shl omo. See p. 6.
b Sepher Ha- Mal bush. See p. 6.
J Geni za f r agment s. See p. 4.
0 J TSL no. N. 012. See p. 2.
V Ar abi c f r agment s. See p. 4.
D Fl or ence MS Laur enzi ana, no Pl ut . 44.13. See p. 2.
p Kauf man. MS. See p. 2.
SEPHER HA- RAZI M
TRANSLATI ON
( PREFACE)
Thi s i s a book, f r omt he Books of t he Myst er i es, whi ch was
gi ven t o Noah, t he son of Lamech, t he son of Met husel ah, t he
son of Enoch, t he son of J ar ed, t he son of Mehal l al el , t he son
of Kenan, t he son of Enosh, t he son of Set h, t he son of Adam,
by Razi el t he angel i n t he year"^ when he came i nt o t he ar k
( but ) bef or e hi s ent r ance.
2
And ( Noah) i nscr i bed i t upon a sapphi r e st one ver y
di st i nct l y. ^ And he l ear ned f r omi t how t o do wondr ous deeds,
and ( he l ear ned) secr et s of knowl edge, and cat egor i es of
under st andi ng and t hought s of humi l i t y and concept s of counsel ,
( how) t o mast er t he i nvest i gat i on of t he st r at a of t he heavens,
t o go about i n al l t hat i s i n t hei r seven abodes, t o obser ve
al l t he ast r ol ogi cal si gns, t o exami ne t he cour se of t he sun,
t o expl ai n t he obser vat i ons of t he moon, and t o know t he pat hs
4
of t he Gr eat Bear , Or i on, and t he Pl ei ades, t o decl ar e t he
names of t he over seer s of each and ever y f i r mament and t he
r eal ms of t hei r aut hor i t y, and by what means t hey ( can be made
t o) cause success i n each t hi ng ( asked of t hem) , and what ar e
t he names of t hei r at t endant s and what ( obl at i ons) ar e t o be
Ms. H r eads ny\ j ;n but " hour " i s pr obabl y i ncor r ect , as
" hour " coul d be t aken t o i mpl y t he exact moment and t o
cont r adi ct t he sense of f^syb
^Cf . Gi nzber g, Legends, 1. 157, 5. 179.
^Cf . Deut 27: 8
^Cf . J ob 9: 9; Amos 5: 8.
1 7
18 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
\ i t er al l y "i t ( pr ayer ) wi l l be hear d by t hem. "
^Cf . Eccl 3: 2, 3.
^Cf . J ob 38: 35.
pour ed out t o t hem, and what i s t he pr oper t i me ( at whi ch t hey
10 wi l l hear pr ayer , ^ so as) t o per f or mever y wi sh of anyone
( who comes) near t hemi n pur i t y. ( Noah l ear ned) f r omi t
r i t ual s ( t hat cause) deat h and r i t ual s ( t hat pr eser ve) l i f e, t o
under st and t he evi l and t he good, t o sear ch out ( t he r i ght )
seasons and moment s ( f or magi cal r i t es) , t o know t he t i me t o
gi ve bi r t h and t he t i me t o di e, t he t i me t o st r i ke and t he t i me
t o heal , ^ t o i nt er pr et dr eams and vi si ons, t o ar ouse combat ,
and t o qui et war s, and t o r ul e over spi r i t s and over demons, t o
send t hem ( wher ever you wi sh) so t hey wi l l go out l i ke sl aves, ^
15 t o wat ch t he f our wi nds o2 t he ear t h, t o be l ear ned i n t he
speech of t hunder cl aps, t o t el l t he si gni f i cance of l i ght ni ng
f l ashes, t o f or et el l what wi l l happen i n each and ever y mont h,
and t o know t he af f ai r s of each and ever y year , whet her f or
pl ent y or f or hunger , whet her f or har vest or f or dr aught ,
whet her f or peace or f or war , t o be as one of t he awesome ones
and t o compr ehend t he songs of heaven.
And f r omt he wi sdomof t he secr et s of t hi s book, Noah
l ear ned and under st ood how t o make gopher wood ( i nt o) an ar k
20 and t o hi de f r omt he t or r ent of t he f l ood wat er s, t o br i ng ( t he
ani mal s) wi t h hi mt wo by t wo and seven by seven, t o t ake i n
some of ever y ki nd of f ood and ever y ki nd of pr ovender . And he
pl aced ( t he book) i n a gol den cabi net and br ought i t f i r st i nt o
TRANSLATI ON 19
s. 0 and T i nser t Shemi nt o t he chr onol ogy.
9
Cf . Pi r ke Avot h 1: 1. Thi s geneal ogy i s si mi l ar t o t he Avot
t r adi t i on but i t put s Sol omon t he Ki ng af t er t he pr ophet s and
t he sages. Si nce t hey shoul d f ol l ow Sol omon, i t seems t hat an
or i gi nal geneal ogy endi ng wi t h Sol omon ( pr obabl y af t er "el der s")
has been i nt er pol at ed by an edi t or who want ed t o cl ai mknow-
l edge of t hese secr et s f or t he r abbi s. Evi dence f or such an
i nser t i on i s i mpor t ant because i t cast s some doubt on ot her
Rabbi ni c el ement s i n t he t ext , and because of t he f act t hat a
Rabbi ni c edi t or l ef t t he pagan el ement s st and, i l l ust r at es an
unf ami l i ar si de of Rabbi ni c J udai sm.
"^^Cf . Gi nzber g, Legends, 4. 149- 154, 165- 169; J osephus,
Ant i qui t i es, 8. 2. 5, #45- 49.
t he ar k, t o l ear n f r omi t t he t i mes of t he day and t o
i nvest i gat e f r omi t t he t i mes of t he ni ght , and i n whi ch per i od
he shoul d ar i se t o pour out ent r eat i es. And when he came f or t h
f r omt he ar k, he used ( t he book) al l t he days of hi s l i f e, and
8
at t he t i me of hi s deat h he handed i t down t o Abr aham, and
Abr aham t o I saac, and I saac t o J acob, and J acob t o Levi , and
25 Levi t o Kohat h, and Kohat h t o Amr am, and Amr amt o Moses, and
Moses t o J oshua, and J oshua t o t he el der s, and t he el der s t o
9
t he pr ophet s, and t he pr ophet s t o t he sages, and t hus gener a-
t i on by gener at i on unt i l Sol omon t he Ki ng ar ose. And t he Books
of t he Myst er i es wer e di scl osed t o hi mand he became ver y
l ear ned i n books of under st andi ng, and ( so) r ul ed over ever y-
t hi ng he desi r ed, over al l t he spi r i t s and t he demons t hat
wander i n t he wor l d, and f r omt he wi sdomof t hi s book he
i mpr i soned and r el eased, and sent out and br ought i n, and bui l t
and pr os per ed. F or many books wer e handed down t o hi m, but
t hi s one was f ound mor e pr eci ous and mor e honor abl e and mor e
30 di f f i cul t t han any of t hem. Happy t he eye t hat wi l l behol d
20 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
i t . Happy t he ear t hat l i st ens at t ent i vel y t o i t s wi sdom.
For i n i t ar e t he seven f i r mament s and al l t hat i s i n t hem.
Fr omt hei r encampment s we shal l l ear n t o compr ehend al l t hi ngs,
and t o have success i n ever y deed, t o t hi nk and t o act f r omt he
wi sdomof t hi s book.
( THE FI RST FI RMAMENT)
The name of t he f i r st f i r mament i s cal l ed Shamayim^
Wi t hi n i t ar e encampment s f i l l ed wi t h wr at h. And seven t hr ones
ar e pr epar ed t her e and upon t hemar e seat ed over seer s, and
ar ound t hemon al l si des encampment s ( of angel s) ar e st at i oned
and ar e obedi ent t o men at t he t i me when t hey pr act i ce ( magi c) ,
t o ever yone who has l ear ned t o st and and pour ( l i bat i ons) t o
2
t hei r names and ci t e t hemby t hei r si gns at t he per i od when
5 ( pr ayer ) i s hear d ( so as) t o make a magi cal r i t e succeed.
( Over ) al l t hese encampment s of angel s t hese seven over seer s
r ul e, t o di spat ch ( t hem) f or ever y ( sor t of ) busi ness so t hat
t hey wi l l hast en and br i ng success.
These ar e t he names of t he seven over seer s who si t upon
( t he) seven t hr ones: t he name of t he f i r st i s ' WRPNY' L, and t he
name of t he second i s TYGRH, and t he name of t he t hi r d i s DNHL,
and t he name of t he f our t h i s KLMYY' , t he name of t he f i f t h i s
' SYMWR, t he name of t he si xt h i s PSKR, t he name of t he sevent h
i s BW' L. And al l of t hemwer e cr eat ed f r omf i r e and t hei r
10 appear ance i s l i ke f i r e, and t hei r f i r e i s bl azi ng, f or f r om
f i r e t hey emer ged.
3
And wi t hout per mi ssi on, ( t he angel s who ser ve t hem) do
not go out t o engage i n magi cal act i ons. ( They wai t ) unt i l a
command comes t o t hemf r om ( one of ) t he seven over seer s, t he
^hcxmayim i s t he common Hebr ew wor d f or heaven or sky.
2
Or per haps "by t hei r l et t er s ( of t hei r names) . "
"^I nsert ed by Ms. n ( Sef er Razi el ) and ai ds t he t r ansl at i on.
21
22 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
occupant s of t he t hr oi nes, who r ul e over t hem. For t hey ar e
subj ect t o t he wi l l ( of t he over seer s) and go about ( onl y) wi t h
t hei r per mi ssi on. And each and ever y one of t hemgoes t o hi s
wor k det er mi ned t o act qui ckl y i n any af f ai r on whi ch he may be
sent , whet her f or good or f or evi l , whet her f or super f l ui t y or
f or shor t age, whet her f or war or f or peace. And al l of t hem
15 ar e t o be cal l ed by t he names ( gi ven t hem) f r omt he day t hey
wer e cr eat ed.
And t hese ar e t he names of t he seven encampment s whi ch
ser ve t he seven over seer s ( f or each encampment ser ves one of
t he over seer s) .
TRANSLATI ON 23
And t hese ar e t he names of t he angel s of t he f i r st
20
25
encampment who ser ve ' W R P N Y ' L:
BW MD Y D MN ' 'NWK' 'LPY
'MWK QTY BY ' P TR W P Y GMTY
P ' 'WR N R N TQ R QHTY 'WRNH
M' W T P R W KH QY L' H TR QW Y H
BRWQ SHR W R ' 'TNNY GY L' N
TKT 'RNWB 'SMY Y W SS
KP W N KR BY GY R SW M P R Y ' N
SSM^ 'BB' N TN ' L R'L
NYP TR W ' W R ^BD Y ' L Y W W N
*LWN MW ' L LLP Y HSP T
R HGL R W M' P Y Y KTY 'RNY'L
PWBWN KD Y ' L ZKR Y ' L 'GD LN
MY G' L G' W P R KR TH KY LD H
D Y GL 'LNW TY R LY SBLH
'BY'L 'L KSY L SY QMH
'SBH Y W TN H R ' LKH HLY ' N
'PTY'L TY ' MY ' L 'L'L N TY ' L
PYKH TLGY ' L N ^N H STY'L
These ar e t he angel s who ar e obedi ent i n ever y
dur i ng t he f i r st and second year of t he f i f t een year cycl e of
4
t he r eckoni ng of t he Gr eek ki ngs. I f you wi sh t o per f or man
Pr obabl y a r ef er ence t o t he Roman i ndi ct i ons. See Mar gal i ot h,
Sepher 24. I f we suppose t hat t hi s r ef er ence t o t he use of
i ndi ct i ons i s by t he gover nment i n Const ant i nopl e, t hen t he
t er mi nus a quo f or t he cosmol ogi cal f r amewor k i s 312 CE . The
Egypt i an dat i ng woul d gi ve us a t er mi nus a quo of 297 CE .
24 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
\ i t er al l y, "i n your hand. "
6
^Mar gal i ot h suggest s r eadi ng ^ f l u K i n i f o r l ^fi:! K i n i . Possi bl y
' ' MS . ^ r ef er s t o a l i st of onl y sevent y names.
act of heal i ng, ar i se i n t he f i r st or second hour of t he ni ght
30 and t ake wi t h you^ myr r h and f r anki ncense. Thi s ( i s t o be)
put ^ on bur ni ng coal s ( whi l e sayi ng) t he name of t he angel
who r ul es over t he f i r st encampment , who i s cal l ed *WRPNY' L,
and say t her e, seven t i mes, ( t he names of t he) sevent y- t wo^
angel s who ser ve bef or e hi m, and say as f ol l ows:
ly N the son of N beseech you that you will
give me success in healing N the son of N.
And anyone f or whomyou ask, whet her i n wr i t i ng or
ver bal l y, wi l l be heal ed. Pur i f y your sel f f r omal l i mpur i t y
and cl eanse your f l esh f r omal l car nal i t y and t hen you wi l l
succeed.
TR AN SLATION 25
35
40
These ar e t he names of t he angel s of t he second encampm. ent
who ser ve TYGRH:
'KSTR MR SW M BR KY B KMSW
'STYB KR Y T*L 'DYR GB'
*QRB' NBWR KBY R TY LH
BR Y TW R TR TM N TP Y ' L P R Y ' L
TRWHWN SLHBY N 'SLB MSTW B
GR HT' HGR ' ' Y TMY ' L HGL
LGH MN Y TY ' L TN Y MY ' L ' Y KR Y T
' BR Y T' R KY L' L HSTK

P P TS
STYRWP WDY'L 'BYR MLKY ' L
'RWS D SW W ' HMK TR GH
ZMBW T HSN Y P LP T
RQ QN W MY ' L N HY ' L GD Y ' L
'DQ Y MW MY ' L P R W G D HGY ' L
D GR Y *L 'GRY'L 'RWNWR D W N R N Y '
D LKT TBL TLY ' L 'LY'L
MW T' R *LPY'L
P Y TP R '
LP W M
'WR TMR 'D LY'L ' STW R Y N
'ZWTY ' Y STW R TY D ' W BY T BR GMY
D MW MY ' L D Y GR ' 'BYB'L P R W TY ' L
QW MY *L D GW GR * D LGY ' L P D W TY ' L
g
These ar e t he angel s who ar e f ul l of anger and wr at h and
who have been put i n char ge of ever y mat t er of combat and war
and ar e pr epar ed t o t or ment and t or t ur e a man t o deat h. Ther e
a
Readi ng nnfl i nst ead of nn'M.
26 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
9
Pr obabl y a wal l ed house as f ound i n t he l at er Roman empi r e.
That i t i s t he wal l of a house whi ch i s meant i s cl ear
f r om1: 77.
"' "^Li t eral l y, "t o smi t e t he l i ght of hi s eyes. . . t o bi nd
hi s f eet . "
' ' Li teral l y, "take i n your hand. "
' ^Cf. PGM I V: 3210f .
13
I . e. , t he wat er s f r omt he di f f er ent spr i ngs.
"^Cf. PGM I V: 222; I V: 3210 cpt dXr ) .
"' "\ i t er al l y , "t o t he f our wi nds of t he heavens. "
^^Li t er al l y, " wi nds. "
i s no mer cy i n t hembut t hey ( wi sh) onl y t o t ake r evenge and
t o puni sh hi mwho i s del i ver ed i nt o t hei r hands. And i f you
wi sh t o send t hemagai nst your enemy, or agai nst your cr edi t or ,
9
50 or t o capsi ze a shi p, or t o f el l a f or t i f i ed wal l , or agai nst
any busi ness of your enemi es, t o damage and dest r oy, whet her you
desi r e t o exi l e hi m, or t o make hi mbedr i dden, or t o bl i nd hi m
or t o l ame hi m, "^^ or t o gr i eve hi mi n any t hi ng ( do as f ol l ows) :
Take' ' "' ' ' wat er f r omseven spr i ngs on t he sevent h day of t he mont h,
i n t he sevent h hour of t he day, i n seven unf i r ed pot t er y
12 13
vessel s, and do not mi x t hem wi t h one anot her . Expose
55 t hembeneat h t he st ar s f or seven ni ght s; and on t he sevent h
14
ni ght t ake a gl ass vi al , ( and say over i t ) t he name of your
adver sar y, and pour t he wat er ( f r omt he seven unf i r ed pot t er y
vessel s) i nt o i t , t hen br eak t he pot t er y vessel s and t hr ow
( t he pi eces) t o t he east , nor t h, west , and south, ' ' ' ^ and say
t hus t o t he f our di rect i ons: ' ' ' ^
TRANSLATI ON 27
' l i t er al l y, "i n t he east wi nd, " et . al .
^Li t eral l y/ ' f or t he name of . "
19
Mar gal i ot h has "f or t hem" and r ecor ds no var i ant but t he
cont ext r equi r es "f or hi m. "
20
Readi ng b^ i nst ead of O^tt!? .
21
I . e. , so t hat t he body wi l l no l onger be r ecogni zabl e.
Ei t her your enemy' s shi p or one on whi ch he i s.
22
HHGRYT who dwell in the east,^'^ SRWKYT who
dwell in the norths ^WLPH who dwell in the westj
KEVY who dwell in the souths accept from my hand
at this time that which I throw to you^ to affect
60 N son of Nj to break his bones^ to crush all his
limbsy and to shatter his conceited power^ as
these pottery vessels are broken. And may there
be no recovery for him^^ just as there is no repair
for these pottery vessels,
20
Then t ake t he vi al of wat er and r epeat over i t t he
names of t hese angel s and t he name of t he over seer , who i s
TYGRH and say t hus:
I deliver to youj angels of anger and wrathy N
son of Ny that you will strangle him and destroy him
65 and his appearancey'^'^ make him bedridden^ diminish his
wealthy annul the intentions of his hearty blow away
his thought and his knowledge and cause him to waste
away continually until he approaches death.
I f you wi sh t o exi l e hi mconcl ude t he f or mul a t hus:
That you will exile him and banish him from his
children and his home and he will have nothing left.
I f he i s one t o whomyou ar e i n debt , concl ude ( t he
f or mul a) t hus:
That you will plug his mouth and make his
planning vain and he will not think of mcy nor
speak of me; and when I pass in front of himy
he will not see me,
22
70 I f ( t he r i t e i s) f or a shi p say t hus:
28 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
^^Readi ng l !?K1 f or .
^Sossibly r ead A^njJO wi t h Ms . p , a l eadi ng wi nd. "
^^eadi ng nmpna wi t h Ms . 0 f or nnipn . Possi bl y nmna,
"on t he wal l . "
I adjure you angels of wrath and destruction^
that you will rise up against the ship of N son of
N and that you not permit it to sail from any place.
But if^^ wind (sufficient) for sailing^^ come to
ity then let (the wind) carry it out to sea and
shake it (so it sinks) in the midst of the sea and
let neither man nor cargo be saved from it.
I f you wi sh t o f el l a f or t i f i ed wal l say t hus:
I adjure you, angels of fury^ wrathy and angery
that you will go with the force of your power and
75 fell the wall of N son of N, Smite it to dust and
let it be overturned like the ruins of Sodom and
Gemorahy mid let no man place stone upon stone on
the place (where the wall was); if it be built
during the dayy let it be overturned at night.
Then pour out ( t he wat er ) upon t he f our cor ner s of t he
house. ( I n a l i ke manner ) i f you wi sh t o make your enemy
bedr i dden, or t o dest r oy hi s appear ance, or t o ( do) any
gr i evous t hi ng, pour t he wat er upon hi s door st ep. I f ( you
wi sh) t o exi l e hi m, pour out t he wat er t o t he f our di r ect i ons.
80 I f ( you wi sh) t o bi nd your cr edi t or , t hr ow t he wat er on hi s
gar ment s. And i f ( you wi sh) t o si nk a shi p, cast t he vi al
and i t s wat er i n t he mi dst of t he shi p ( whi l e sayi ng) t he
name of t he shi p and i t s mast er . And i f you wi sh t o over t ur n
a wal l , di g at t he f our cor ner s of t he wal l and di vi de t he
wat er among ( t he f our cor ner s) . ( Use t he wat er ) t hus i n each
case. Do i t i n ( a st at e of ) pur i t y and t hen you wi l l succeed.
TR AN SLATION 29
85
These ar e t he names of
2fi
t he angel s who ser ve D N HL
t he t hi r d encampment :
W GR BBW 'WBS'L BR TW BY ' L KLW BY ' L
R HBY ' L 'WHY'L KR BTW N KR B'
D ' Y N W T 'YNYK 'BYRM 'TGL*
'WTWT ' STN W ' L 'SPR TGR Y ' L
'MYK'L *TDgw 'WRY'L 'RMWD
'STWN 'K'L 'N'WR SKYR'
LBY ' L LCSH HSN Y ' L LMW SY
'DWT TY R W M 'LPY 'YMYK
RGL' MY G' L 'LY'L MD N Y *L
90 These angel s t el l ever yone who, i n pur i t y, gai ns power
over t hem, what wi l l happen on t he ear t h i n each and ever y
year , whet her f or pl ent y or f or f ami ne, whet her r ai ns wi l l be
abundant or spar se, and whet her t her e wi l l be a dear t h and
whet her t her e wi l l be pr oduce, and whet her l ocust s wi l l come
and whet her t her e wi l l be st r i f e, among ki ngs, and whet her a
27
swor d wi l l come among t he gr eat men of t he ki ngdom, and
whet her deat h or suf f er i ng wi l l bef al l manki nd.
I f you wi sh t o know and under st and what wi l l be i n each
28
95 and ever y year , t ake a hi er at i c papyr us and cut i t i nt o
26
Pr obabl y a var i ant of Dani el or Danel , bot h of whi ch ar e f ound
as di vi ne angel i c names.
27
Thi s seems t o i mpl y ei t her st r i f e or execut i on.
28
l 1p>D1> , i . e. , LepaTi K( 5v - a hi er et i c sheet of papyr us.
"Hi er at i c" ( pr i est l y) her e r ef er s especi al l y t o t he Egypt i an
pr i est s who wer e f amed f or t hei r magi c and f r omwhence came t he
t ypes of wr i t i ng and paper t hat t hey used and wer e t hought
sui t abl e f or magi cal oper at i ons.
30 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
sl i ps) and wr i t e i n hi er at i c wi t h a mi xt ur e of i nk and
29 30
myr r h each and ever y possi bi l i t y separ at el y. Then
31
t ake a new f l ask and put i n i t spi kenar d oi l and t hr ow i n
32 33
t he wr i t t en sl i ps ( as wel l ) ; t hen st and f aci ng t he sun
34
when he comes f or t h f r omhi s br i dal chamber and say:
I adjure you 0 sun that shines on the earthy in
100 the name of the angels who make men of knowledge
understand and comprehend wisdom and secrets^ that
you will do what I ask and make known to me what will
he in this yeardo not oonoeal a thing from me.
And you wi l l adj ur e ( t he sun wi t h) t hi s adj ur at i on f or
t hr ee days, t hr ee t i mes^^ and t he t hi r d t i me you wi l l scr ut i -
ni ze t he oi l . Not i ce ever yt hi ng br ought up upon t he f ace of
t he oi l , t hat i s what wi l l happen i n t hat year . I f t wo
n31>T: 3 f or auopv6-u^ A.av ( o v ) - a speci al i nk used
f or magi cal pur poses.
I . e. , one possi bi l i t y on each sl i p.
"^' ' Cf. PGM 1: 278.
^^Li t er al l y, " t hi ngs. "
^^Cf . PGM 11: 87; 111: 325; I V: 260; V: 237.
^^Her e t he t ext has nHf l i nn nriK^ I f t he f i nal n *s
wer e t aken as f emi ni ne t er mi nat i ons ( whi ch t hey usual l y ar e)
t hi s woul d mean "when she comes f or t h f r omher br i dal chamber . "
However , t he sun i s most of t en mascul i ne. The ver b f or ms and
pr onouns r ef er r i ng t o t he sun i n t hi s cont ext ar e al l mascul i ne.
Ther ef or e, i t i s mor e pl ausabl e t o expl ai n t hese endi ngs as
Ar amai zi ng spel l i ngs f or t he mascul i ne t er mi nat i on 1 .
"^^i t er al l y, "3 days 3 t i mes. " Possi bl y once a day or t hr ee
t i mes each day.
TRANSLATI ON 31
^^Readi ng I ^T^3A f or tJ T^i l A^ ^ i mpl yi ng a r i t ual bur i al or
st or age bot h her e and el sewher e i n t he t ext .
possi bi l i t i es come up, t hen t her e wi l l be ( t hese) t wo and
i f t hr ee come up, t her e wi l l be t hr ee. Af t er war ds, t ake
105 t he oi l and bur n i t whi l e sayi ng t he names of t he angel s
t hat ser ve i n t hi s encampment . And ( as f or ) t he r est of
al l t he wr i t t en ( sl i ps) , hi de t hem^^ i n a wal l or i n a
wi ndow. And so, ( as i n) ever y oper at i on, act i n pur i t y,
and you wi l l succeed.
32
These ar e t he names of t he angel s who ser ve KLMY Y H
SEP HER HA-R AZIM
37
i n t he f our t h encampment :
'BRYH YMRHY D MN ' Y 'MNHR
Y ' MN W K P TKY ' TW BY ' L GW LY ' L
'WPRY GMTY 'WRNY'L P R Y KY HW
Y ' R N LTMY ' L 'WRYT TY MW GW
'NMRY ' LMY N Y ' L Y KMTW STR TW
SB^QN Y BW R TY ' S R SP W T KR SW N
'M'P W P ' TN * 'H'L S' BY ' L
BLQY R P KHW R HSTR STR Y ' L
' LY SS HLSY ' L TR SP W QR STW S
MLKY ' L 'RDQ HSD Y ' L HSP
MY'L P R N W S GD Y ' L SBY B' L
38 . 39
These ar e t he angel s who br i ng ar ound t he opi ni on
115 of t he ki ng and t he good wi l l of t he nobl es, chi ef s, and
l eader s of t he ki ngdom, di r ect i ng and best owi ng f avor and
mer cy upon al l who ar i se i n pur i t y t o r equest anyt hi ng f r om
t hem. Per f or mt hi s r i t e zeal ousl y and you wi l l succeed.
I f you wi sh t o t ur n t he ki ng' s opi ni on t o your f avor , or
( t hat of ) t he chi ef of t he ar my, or a r i ch man, or a r ul er ,
or a j udge of a ci t y, or al l t he ci t i zens of t he st at e, or
^^Her e spel l ed wi t h a n i nst ead of a K as i n 1: 8. The manu-
scr i pt s show ot her var i at i ons, BLMY' , GDYMYY*.
38
Per haps t he 36t h angel comes f r om XplOTdc-
Cf . 1: 130.
39
D>n:i 5ew i s possi bl y f r om . Mar gal i ot h suggest s amendi ng
t o D^n*10a or l i mone; . Possi bl y amend t o 0*^30) 3. Cf . 1: 127
TRANSLATI ON 33
40
Readi ng n^fl1 ^ f or n>D1 >n.
^^Cf . PGM 111: 425 and DMP 25: 27, p. 155.
^^11p*1 00^K i s pr obabl y a x O p a g ( st yr ax) , a f r agr ant gum.
^"^Il^im niie^l. i f Mar gal i ot h i s cor r ect i n assumi ng t hat
i s a t r ansl i t er at i on of t he Per si an musk and t he Gr eek mosahos,
t hen t he *T i mpl i es an Ar amai c f or mmaki ng rnw t he Ar amai c
"chai n" or "chor d. " Mar gal i ot h poi nt s out t he si mi l ar i t y
bet ween t he Ar abi c t ar gumof SHR whi ch r eads WSWRT *LMSK and
t he Ar abi c t ar gumof t he Song of Songs 1: 13 whi ch r eads SRH
' LMSK. Thus t he t ar gumr ender s "bag of myr r h" as "bag of musk. "
44
I . e. , Aphr odi t e- Venus. Cf . 1: 126.
45u; ^u^m&l S Cf . PGM I V: 2891. Mar gal i ot h suggest s del et i on of
t he
( i f you wi sh t o change) t he hear t of a gr eat or weal t hy
40
woman, or t he hear t of a beaut i f ul woman, ( do t hi s) . Take
a l i on cub and sl aught er i t wi t h a br onze kni f e and cat ch i t s
41
120 bl ood and t ear out i t s hear t and put i t s bl ood i n t he mi dst
( of t he hear t ) and wr i t e t he names of t hese ( above ment i oned)
angel s i n bl ood upon t he ski n bet ween i t s eyes; t hen wash i t
out wi t h wi ne t hr ee year s ol d and mi x ( t he wi ne) wi t h t he
bl ood.
42
Then t ake t hr ee of t he chi ef spi ces, i st or gon and
43
myr r h and musk, and st and cl ean and pur e, f aci ng t he
44
br i l l i ant st ar and put t he spi ces on t he f i r e; t hen t ake
i n your hand t he cup i n whi ch ar e t he wi ne and t he bl ood and
say ( t hi s spel l over i t whi l e bur ni ng t he i ncense) and cal l
125 on t he name of t he over seer and t he names of t he angel s of
t hi s encampment . ( Do t hi s) t went y- one t i mes over t he bl ood
and over t he wi ne and say t o t he br i l l i ant st ar , t he name
( of t he st ar ) whi ch i s t hat of Aphr odi t e, t hr ee hundr ed
( t i mes) ^^ and ( t he name of t he) angel HSDY' L ( and t hen say) :
34 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
I adjure you in the name of the angels of
the fourth enoampment who serve KLMY^ that you
bring around for me King N so that the heart of
his army and the heart of his ministers (will be)
in my handy ly N son of Ny and I will find favor
and mercy before him and he will do what I want
and ashy whenever I ask (anything) from him,
130 When you f i ni sh r epeat i ng t he adj ur at i on t went y- one t i mes,
l ook up and you wi l l see ( somet hi ng) l i ke a coal of f i r e
descendi ng i nt o t he bl ood and wi ne. ^^
I f you wi sh t o ent er t he pr esence of t he ki ng or any ( gr eat )
47
man, or a j udge, wash your sel f wi t h "l i vi ng" wat er and t ake
some of t he bl ood and some of t he wi ne and anoi nt your body,
and pl ace t he l i on' s hear t over your hear t . I f ( you wi sh) t o
135 br i ng ar ound t he ci t i zens of t he ci t y^^ t ake t he l i on' s hear t
and hi de i t i n t he mi dst of t he ci t y, and wr i t e on a ( pi ece of )
49
gol d f oi l t he ( name of ) t he over seer and ( t he names of t he
angel s of ) hi s encampment and say t hus:
You angels who go around and circulate in the
worldy bring around (to me) all the citizens of this
cityy great and smally old and youngy lowly and
distinguished. Let the fear and terror of me be over
them as the terror of the lion is over all the animals.
And as this heart is mute while I am speakingy so let
140 all of them listen to mey and let none of the children
of Adam and Eve he able to speak against me.
46
Cf . t he not i on of t he descent of t he hol y spi r i t , body and
bl ood of Chr i st i nt o t he br ead and wi ne of t he Euchar i st . Not e
t he use of QRSTWS i n t he angel i c l i st of t hi s encampment . Cf .
4 Ezr a 14: 39.
^^t3'>Tl 0^>t t , "l i vi ng wat er , " i . e. , wat er f r oma st r eamor spr i ng,
not f r oma ci st er n.
^ ^ n : ! ^ ^ ^ i s her e t r ansl at ed as "ci t y" as i t f i t s t he sense bet t er
t han " st at e" whi ch was used i n 1: 118.
49
V^^, gol d pl at e, met al di sc, or lamellay of t en used f or maki ng
amul et s.
TRANSLATI ON 35
Hi de t he hear t i n t he mi ddl e of t he ci t y and go i nt o
secl usi on^^ f or t hr ee days and af t er t hr ee days appear i n t he
ci t y. ( For t hi s occasi on) put some of t he l i on' s bl ood under
t he sol es of your f eet .
I f you wi sh t o bi nd your sel f t o t he hear t of a gr eat or
weal t hy woman^^ t ake some per spi r at i on f r omyour f ace ( and
put i t ) i n a new gl ass vessel ; t hen wr i t e on i t , ( i . e. ) on a
52
145 t i n Icmellai t he name of t he over seer and t he names of t he
angel s, and t hr ow ( t he t i n lamella) i n t he mi dst ( of t he f l ask)
and say t hus over t he per spi r at i on of your f ace:
I adjure you angels of favor and knowledge^ that
you will turn (to me) the heart of N daughter of N and
let her do nothing without me^ and let her heart he
(joined) with my heart in love.
Take t he new f l ask and bur y i t under her door st ep^"^
and say:
Just as a woman will return to the infant of her
womhy so this will return to me to love me from this
150 day and forever,
54
Thi s shoul d be wr i t t en at t he f ul l moon.
^^i t er al l y "hi de your f ace. "
^' ' Thi s l ove pot i on i s i ndependent of t he pr evi ous use of t he
l i on' s bl ood.
52
Ei t her t he phr ase "on i t " or "on a t i n lamella'^ seems t o be
a r epet i t i ve addi t i on.
^\ i t er al l y "t he pl ace of her comi ng i n and goi ng out . "
54Readi ng nnD^ f or ni r i D^ .
36
SEPHER HA- RAZI M
These ar e t he angel s who ser ve ' SYMWR i n t he f i f t h
encampment :
BTW' R KYNTTK ' DWM' TQW
MQP' LHB' ^LY ^ZY
KNY' L KNWR BNS QRB'
SRK HLSY' L HRMN^ ^BR
HWD MLKYH PR^TWP 'D'^T
QWP MNMLK DYNMWR ' LPNTWS
DYDRYWK KLNH NYNHY' DSNHY'

MLGDM DYMHN LYBRNK TTQHH
' PNY' L ZBYTWR

DKNSWR RMGDL
LHTQWP ^LY GDGDL PRWS
MSRWS KDYR MWS DYQN'
N 5R TWB DRWMY' L DYR' Z
DMWL' DYDY' L T^Y KRM
' TR HWNMWR' *NQYW
GZRY' L SBY' L SBYr a^ YYQR
' DWT RGBY' L
These ar e t he angel s who obey ( you) dur i ng t he ni ght ( i f
160 you wi sh) t o speak wi t h t he moon or t he st ar s or t o quest i on a
ghost or t o speak wi t h t he spi r i t s.
I f you wi sh t o speak wi t h t he moon or wi t h t he st ar s about
any mat t er , t ake a whi t e cock and f i ne f l our , t hen sl aught er
t he cock^^ ( so t hat i t s bl ood i s caught ) i n "l i vi ng wat er . " ^^
Knead t he f l our wi t h t he wat er and bl ood and make t hr ee cakes
55,
56
' Readi ng f or
Cf . above, not e 47.
TRANSLATI ON 37
and pl ace t hemi n t he sun, and wr i t e on t hemwi t h t he bl ood
t he name( s) of ( t he angel s of ) t he f i f t h encampment and t he
name of i t s over seer and put t he t hr ee of t hemon a t abl e of
165 myr t l e wood, st and^^ f aci ng t he moon or f aci ng t he st ar s
and say:
I adjure you to bring the planet of N and his star
near to the star and planet of Ny so his love will he
tied with the heart of N son of N.^^
Or say:
Place fire from your fire in the heart of this N
( masc. ) or that N ( f em. ) so she will abandon her
father's and mother's house^^ because of love for
this N ( masc. ) son of N ( f em. ) . 60
Then t ake t wo of t he cakes and pl ace t hemwi t h t he cock
i n a new f l ask; t hen seal i t s mout h wi t h wax and hi de t he
f l ask i n a pl ace not exposed t o t he sun. ^"^
170 I f you wi sh act s of ki ndness ( t o be done t o you) ; t ake t he
^^Readi ng Tpi y f or *^0' ' K.
58
The gr ammar her e i s most conf usi ng. I t woul d seemt hat t he
f i r st cl ause ( 1: 165, 166) i s a homosexual l ove f or mul a and t hat
t he second ( 1: 166, 167) i s bi - sexual . Anot her possi bi l i t y i s
t hat t he f i r st cl ause uses a common mascul i ne t o i mpl y t hat
t he f or mul a coul d be used by any par t y. The f act t hat t he
second cl ause speci f i cal l y pr ovi des f or at t r act i on of ei t her a
mal e or a f emal e t o a man seems, however , t o i mpl y t hat t he
f i r st cl ause i s i ndeed homosexual . The quest i on i s i nf l uenced
by our r ender i ng of *i i nK5 . Does i t i mpl y a new f or mul a or a
cont i nuat i on of t he f or mer ? Cf . i t s usage i n t he f i r st
f i r mament , second encampment ( p. 27) . Al so compar e DMP 22: 40
p. 143; and PGM I V: 345f . and 1480f .
59
Li t er al l y "her f at her ' s house and her mot her . " Thi s i s
pr obabl y a col l oqui al const r uct i on.
^^Not e t he def i ni t i on of an i ndi vi dual by speci f i cat i on of
hi s mot her . Thi s i s common i n Egypt i an magi c t ext s and used
of t en i n SHR. A common sayi ng was, "t he mot her i s cer t ai nl y
known, t he f at her uncer t ai n. "
^^See al so 2: 173. Cf . PGM VI I : 915. Hal ^t<^ \ xh 6e^.fri C
38 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
^ ^ K^ >ni O^ " I p , i . e. , K p i a(p6poc or Her mes.
^^Cf . PGM I V: 1034. Spi r i t s do not al ways t el l t he t r ut h.
^^The f l ask and myr t l e ar e t o pr ot ect t he per son r eci t i ng t he
i ncant at i on. Cf . Goodenough, Symbol s 2. 174.
r emai ni ng cake, cr umbl e i t , and pl ace i t i n aged wi ne i n a
gl ass cup, and say t he name( s) of t he angel s i n t he pr esence
of t he moon and t he st ar s and cont i nue t hus:
I adjure you that you will give favorj kindnessj
and affection, to from the favor, kindness, and
affection that radiate from your countenance, (Give
them to) me, N son of N, so that I will find favor,
kindness, affection, and honor in the eyes of every man.
Then bl ow i nt o t he wi nd and wash your f ace each dawn,
175 f or ni ne days, wi t h t he wi ne and t he cake cr umbl ed i n i t .
I f you wi sh t o quest i on a ghost ; st and f aci ng a t omb and
r epeat t he names of t he angel s of t he f i f t h encampment ( whi l e
hol di ng) i n your hand a new f l ask ( cont ai ni ng) oi l and honey
mi xed t oget her and say t hus:
I adjure you 0 spirit of the ram bearer^^ who
dwell among the graves upon the bones of the dead, that
you will accept from my hand this offering and do my
180 will and bring me (the spirit of) N son of N who is
dead. Raise him up so that he will speak to me without
fear and tell me true things without concealment,^-^
Let me not be afraid of him and let him tell me (for)
my question, (the answer) I need from him.
He shoul d appear i mmedi at el y. But i f he does not , r epeat
t he adj ur at i on a second t i me ( and) up t o t hr ee t i mes. When he
appear s set t he f l ask bef or e hi mand af t er t hi s speak your
64
wor ds whi l e hol di ng a t wi g of myr t l e i n your hand. I f you
185 wi sh t o r el ease hi m, st r i ke hi mt hr ee t i mes wi t h t he myr t l e and
pour out t he oi l and honey, and br eak t he cup, and t hr ow t he
myr t l e f r omyour hand, and r et ur n home by a di f f er ent r out e.
TRANSLATI ON
39
190
195
I f you wi sh t o speak wi t h t he spi r i t s, go out t o "t he
65
pl ace of t he ki l l ed
whi mper i ng way:
and cal l out t her e i n a si ngsong.
I adjure you in the name of the angels who
serve in the fifth enoampment, and in the name of
the overseer who is over them, who is 'SYMWR, that
you will hear me at this time and send me the spirit
of EGRGYRWT.^^ She shall go according to my will for
whatever I send her and shall obey me in everything
until such and such a time.
I f you see opposi t e you a col umn of smoke, speak your
wor ds and send ( her ) f or what ever pur pose you wi sh.
These ar e t he names of t he angel s who ser ve PSKR i n t he
si xt h encampment :
ZY' L ' RBY' L TRYPWN PWKBWS
PSTMR LYNNY' L QRWNYDN SWKDWN
SLBYDM ^MY' L CWZY' L PNY' L
TRMY' L HMMY' L SRMY' L NYMMWS
NWDNYY' B' RYB' ZWNNWM HSTW' L
SDRY' L HWPNY' WN QDMY' L KPNYY'
' RMY' L ^DMWN HRMWR SPLY' L

SPRY' L QHNY' L SBKYRY' ' RMWNYS
TWPWMWS PSSY' L HTPY' L PRSWMWN
NHLY' L
200
These ar e t he angel s of mi ght who gi r d on power and
st r engt h t o r un f r ompl ace t o pl ace and t o f l y i n al l cor ner s
Possi bl y t he pl ace of publ i c execut i ons or t he pl ace wher e
execut ed cr i mi nal s wer e bur i ed, or a pl ace wher e mul t i pl e
mur der s had been commi t t ed.
^ ^ n i ' l ' A' l An : The r ef er ence i s unknown. Possi bl y f r om"Hagar
t he Pr osel yt e, " nn' A *1>n.
40 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
205
of t he ear t h t o r et ur n a man, a f ugi t i ve, ei t her a sl ave who
f l ed or a t hi ef who f l ed. ( I f you wi sh t o cat ch a f ugi t i ve)
t ake f our copper lomeVlae and wr i t e upon each and ever y one of
t hemt he name of t he man and t he name of hi s mot her , t he name
of t he over seer , PSKR, and t he names of t he angel s who ser ve
hi m, and say:
J charge you, angels of mighty to seize N son of
Ny wherever he goes and wherever he dwellsy whether in
a city or in a countryy whether at sea or on landy
whether eating or drinking. You shall make him fly like
a flying bird and bring him against his willy and not
let him linger one momenty whether by day or by night.
Then t ake ( t he) f our copper lamellae and hi de t hemi n
68
t he f our di r ect i ons whet her i n t he ci t y or i n t he count r y.
These ar e t he names of t he angel s who ser ve BW' L i n t he
sevent h encampment :
NWHRY' L DBB' L DYMTMR DB' L
MHSYN " WR DYM BBYT' L
SRWR' HGYYH PRWPY' L MKSY' L
CLZY' L TKWRKS QRWMY' L RMY*L
LHSWN SLHY' L ' HY*L

' KR
' WBR SRWGY' L YDW' L SMSYL
SPTY' L RHBY' ' HMWD'

MRMRYN
' NWK ' LPRT ' WMYGR' QRWKNS
SRPY' L GDRY' L ' RDWD' PWRTNY' L
' GMYL RHTY' L DYTRWN HZ' L
PTW' L GLGL' DMNSR ZZY' L
^^On descent t hr ough t he mot her , cf . Fi r st Fi r mament , not e 60
( p. 37).
I . e. , t owar ds t he nor t h, sout h, east , and west .
68
TRANSLATI ON 41
^^The magi ci an i s t o choose t he appr opr i at e phr ase.
Cf . PGM 1: 175.
^^>bl O0K i . e. , aToX l * ! , Semet i c pr onounci at i on of t en avoi ds
doubl e consonant s by t he i nt r oduct i on of vowel s.
^""Hebrew npT . Mar gal i ot h r eads n>T , f i sh, whi ch mi ght be
possi bl e i n sympat hy wi t h "t he r i ver . " But see 2: 8 and not es.
Fur t her mor e t he next phr ase, "anyt hi ng whi ch i ssues bl ood"
woul d not cl assi cal l y appl y t o " f i sh. " I n 5: 35 we r ead "bot h
smal l ani mal s and al l t hat yi el ds bl ood even f i sh. " Thus i t
seems t hat SHR woul d go out of i t s way t o make t he di st i nct i on
i f i t was appr opr i at e.
These ar e t he names of t he angel s i n char ge of dr eami ng,
t o make anyone who appr oaches t hemi n pur i t y know what t he
dr eam ( was) and what i t s i nt er pr et at i on i s.
I f t he ki ng, or t he head of t he ci t y, or gover nor , or your
f r i end summons you and you want t o gi ve hi man answer f r omyour
wi sdom, say t o hi m, "I wi l l make known t o you what i s i n your
hear t concer ni ng me. " ( or "what you t hought about me, " or
220 "what you want t o do, " or "what i s t he i nt er pr et at i on of your
69
dr eam. ") "Gi ve me a per i od of t hr ee days and I wi l l make
known t o you al l t hat i s i n your hear t . " Then go out on Sunday
t o t he sea shor e or t o a r i ver bank dur i ng t he t hi r d hour of
t he ni ght . Wear a new cl oak^^ and do not eat ( t he meat of )
any ani mal , ' ^' ' " nor anyt hi ng whi ch yi el ds bl ood ( when
sl aught er ed) , and do not dr i nk wi ne. Take myr r h and pur e
f r anki ncense and pl ace t hemon bur ni ng coal s i n a new ear t hen
vessel , and t ur n your f ace t owar d t he wat er and r epeat t hr ee
225 t i mes t he name of t he over seer wi t h t he name( s) of t he angel s
of t he encampment . When you see a pi l l ar of f i r e bet ween
heaven and ear t h say t hus:
42 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
I adjure you by the One who measured the waters
in the palm of His hand and rebuked the waters so that
they fled from Him^ and made winds flying in the air
his personal servants^ as a fiery flamej who rebuked
the sea and dried it up^ and made rivers a desertj"^^
by His name and by its letters^ I adjure you^ and by
the names of the angels'^^ of the seventh encampment
who serve BW'L, that you make known to me what is in
230 the heart of N son of N and what is his desire, and
what is the interpretation of his dream and what is
his thought.
Do l i kewi se on t he second and t hi r d ni ght s and you wi l l see
t hat a pi l l ar of f i r e wi l l appear t o you wi t h a cl oud on i t l i ke
74
t he i mage of a man. Quest i on hi mand he wi l l t el l you what -
ever you ask. And i f you wi sh t o r el ease hi mt hr ow some of t he
wat er , f r omt he sea or t he r i ver by whi ch you ar e st andi ng,
t owar d heaven t hr ee t i mes and say under your br eat h
Invisible Lord BW'Ly sufficient to our need, the
235 perfect shield bearer^^S j free you, I free you, subside
and return to your (heavenly) course.
Say t hi s seven t i mes. Per f or mt he ent i r e r i t e i n pur i t y
and you wi l l succeed.
These ar e t he names of t he seven spi r i t s who ser ve i n t he
f i r mament cal l ed Shamayim,
PEACE.
72
The adj ur at i on i s a combi nat i on of I sa 40: 12; Ps 104: 4;
107: 33; and Nah 1: 4.
^^Readi ng nini3 f or T de; ^ , i . e. , "t he names of " f or "t he name
of seven" angel s, si nce t her e ar e 44 angel s i n t hi s encampment .
^^Cf . Ezek 1: 4.
^^Cf . PGM 111: 108.
^^Wi t h Mar gal i ot h, Sepher 80, f ol l owi ng t he t r anscr i pt i on of
Mor t on Smi t h. oni snaOK 01 A>!7U ^lAID Oi n/D1 D t ?KV>*lA >*7niK
d6paTe Hi p p i e Boui ^ X , hot * f i uo-c d pH i e, TeA. i K6c
daTi L 6n c p 6p oQ.
( THE SECOND FI RMAMENT)
The second f i r mament i s cal l ed "heaven of heavens. ""^ I n
2
i t ar e f r ost and f og and t r easur i es of snow and t r easur i es
3
of hai l , angel s of f i r e and angel s of moi st ur e and spi r i t s
of t er r or and spi r i t s of dr ead. The f i r mament i s f ul l of f ear ,
f or wi t hi n i t ar e i nnumer abl e angel s const i t ut i ng ar mi es upon
ar mi es and over t hemar e of f i cer s and over seer s. Wi t hi n t he
f i r mament ar e t wel ve st eps and on each and ever y st ep st and
angel s i n t hei r spl endor , and over t hemi s one hi gh of f i ci al
over anot her . Never t hel ess, f or human af f ai r s, t hey ar e
obedi ent t o ever yone who appr oaches t hemi n pur i t y.
I f you wi sh t o ask somet hi ng of any who st and on t he st eps
of t he second f i r mament , cl eanse your sel f f or t hr ee weeks f r om
al l f r ui t of t he pal m, ^ f r omal l ki nds of ani mal s, smal l and
l ar ge, ^ f r omwi ne, f r om ( al l ) t ypes of f i sh and f r omal l
( ani mal s) t hat yi el d bl ood ( when sl aught er ed) ; and do not
appr oach a woman i n her i mpur i t y, ^ and do not t ouch anyt hi ng
^D'ttlS fty^y a common desi gnat i on i n myst i cal l i t er at ur e f or t he
second heaven.
^ " I t op l l l O p T " smoke. " Her e i t seems t o i mpl y mi st or
f og i n par al l el t o f r ost , snow, hai l , et c.
^Readi ng ny ^ T, i . e. , " moi st ur e" wi t h Mss. t\ and K i nst ead of
Vn, i . e. , "t r embl i ng. "
^ n i ^ V n , i . e. , st eps, l evel s, di vi si ons.
\ eadi ng b p ! f or npT wi t h Mar gal i ot h.
^nOA1 npT, i . e. , smal l and l ar ge ani mal s. Thi s i s a common
di st i nct i on f ound i n Rabbi ni c l i t er at ur e bet ween sheep and
goat s as opposed t o cat t l e.
^Cf . Ezek 18: 6.
43
44 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
Cf . Lev 21: 11.
9
Cf . Test ament of J ob 7. Her e r eadi ng HD f or riKD
*'^)?ian, possi bl y "out of or der " or "i r r egul ar l y, " but most
l i kel y " backwar ds" t he nor mal meani ng. Sayi ng t hi ngs backwar ds
i s a wel l - known magi cal pr act i ce.
g
whi ch has di ed, and do not come near a l eper or one af f l i ct ed
10 by vener eal di schar ge, even acci dent al , and guar d your mout h
f r omever y evi l wor d and f r omever y si n; and sanct i f y your sel f
f r omever y si n.
Upon t he f i r st st ep st and t hese:
' HMRY' L HDRY' L RSY' L HS^Y' L
DMYMY' L ZBDY' L RNZY' L c^s' L
KTBR' L
These, t hei r st at i on i s on t he f i r st st ep. They st and i n
t er r or , cl oaked i n wr at h, gi r ded wi t h dr ead, sur r ounded by
15 t r embl i ng, t hei r r ai ment l i ke an i mage of f i r e, t hei r f aces
l i ke t he appear ance of l i ght ni ng, and t hei r mout hs never cease
( t o ut t er ) mi ght y wor ds. Never t hel ess, t hei r voi ce i s not
hear d, f or t hei r t ask i s t o si l ence, t o f r i ght en, and t o
t er r i f y anyone who opposes t he man who cal l s on t hemi n pur i t y.
I f you wi sh t o si l ence a gr eat and power f ul peopl e, or a
gover nor , or a j udge, or t he ci t i zens of a ci t y, or of a st at e,
9
t ake a handf ul of ashes f r ombeneat h t he br ead of f er i ng of an
20 i dol and say over i t backwards"' "^ seven t i mes t he names of t he
angel s wr i t t en above ( as st andi ng) on t he f i r st st ep, and say:
I ask from you, angels of silence, that in this
place, you silence every mouth and every heart of the
children of Adam and Eve who arise against me to (say)
anything evil. Let their mouths utter good things about
TRANSLATI ON 45
^^I n t hi s f or mul a not e t hat t wo angel i c names, ^K*)?on and
^K^a^m whi ch ar e der i ved f r omver bs meani ng "t o si l ence"
(nam ,on).
12
By Rabbi ni c l aw, i f t he woman uses a r i t ual bat h, mikvah,
she i s ei t her about t o be mar r i ed or mar r i ed, t hus l i mi t i ng
t he f or mul a' s usef ul ness t o br i degr ooms, husbands and
me and let me he exonerated in my lawsuit; do not
permit any mouth to speak evil ahout me.^^
Then spr i nkl e t he ashes, ei t her i n t he ci t y or i n t he
25 st at e, ei t her bef or e t he gover nor or bef or e t he j udge, and
you wi l l be exoner at ed.
Upon t he second st ep st and t hese:
CZZY' L HNN' L PSSY' L YSI ^Y' L
DLQY' L ' RPD' MR' WT RYPYPYS
' MNY' L NHMY' L PRZYRWM CNB' L
These, t hei r st at i on i s on t he second st ep. They st and wi t h
st r engt h, f i l l ed wi t h mi ght , sur r ounded wi t h l ove, and i n
t hei r pr esence f i r e bur ns, and t hey hast en t o br i ng t he
30 ( r ul i ng) pl anet s of t he sons of man i nt o conj unct i on f or l ove.
I f you wi sh t o put t he l ove of a man i nt o t he hear t of a
woman, or t o ar r ange f or a poor man t o wed a r i ch woman, t ake
t wo copper lamellae and wr i t e upon t hem, on bot h si des, t he
names of t hese angel s, and t he name of t he man and t he name of
t he woman and say t hus:
I ask of you, angels who rule the fates of the
children of Adam and Eve, that you do my will and
hring in conjunction the planet of N son of N into
conjunction with (the planet of) the woman N daughter
of N, Let him find favor and affection in her eyes
35 and do not let her helong to any man except him.
Pl ace one (lamella) i n a f i er y f ur nace and t he ot her i n
her r i t ual bat h. "^^ Do t hi s on t he t went y- ni nt h of t he mont h
46
SEPHER HA- RAZI M
40
when t he moon has waned compl et el y. Take car e t o keep
your sel f f r omi nt er cour se, f r omwi ne, and f r omal l ( ki nds of )
meat f or t hr ee days. "' "^
Upon t he t hi r d st ep st and t hese:
YHW' L D^YHW ' LY' L
^LY SPWM PNYMWR
GBLY' L KMSY' L ' WDH' L
RPPY' L PSPY' L
14
BRKY' L
' L^ZR
Y^S' L
adul t er er s. Si nce we do not know i n what ci r cl es t hi s document
ci r cul at ed, i t i s of cour se i mpossi bl e t o dr aw a def i ni t e con-
cl usi on about i t s i nt ended use.
' ^Si nce t he i nt r oduct i on t o t he Second Fi r mament gi ves gener al
r ul es of abst i nence t o f ol l ow bef or e usi ng t he f or mul as of t he
Second Fi r mament , we must assume t hat t hese r ul es ar e t o be
f ol l owed af t er t he spel l has been cast i n or der t o i nsur e
ef f ect i veness.
14
These char act er s appear her e i n Ms. n . Such symbol s,
whi ch wer e used t o enhance t he power of amul et s and spel l s,
wer e common bot h i n t he Gr eek and J ewi sh wor l ds. Cf . Mar gal i ot h,
Sepher 4; PGM I V: 2706; VI I : 810, 816, 860, 922. These
char act er s ar e al so r epr oduced i n t he si xt h st ep of t he Second
Fi r mament and i n t he Thi r d Fi r mament . Ful l magi cal al phabet s
coal esce at a l at er dat e. Cf . Rober t Ambel ai n, La Kabbal e
Pr at i que ( Par i s: Edi t i on Ni cl aus, 1951) , or t he char t
r epr oduced i n Gust av Davi dson, A Di ct i onar y of Angel s ( London:
Macmi l l an, 1967) 335. The use of r i nged symbol s may der i ve
f r omt he punch wr i t i ng on Gr eek al l ot ment pl at es whi ch wer e
wor n i n a si mi l ar f ashi on t o amul et s. Cf . J ohn H. Kr ol l ,
At heni an Br onze Al l ot ment Pl at es ( Cambr i dge, Mass: Har var d
Uni ver si t y Pr ess, 1972) .
TRANSLATI ON 47
"^\ hi s cal l s t o mi nd t he f i gur e of Ar es and hi s at t endant s.
"'"^vy)>'1 , commonl y associ at ed wi t h ear t hquakes.
' "^The t ext r eads T^ n^ , i . e. , " al one. " Mar gal i ot h r eads qn^
"bar ef oot . " Thi s i s j ust i f i ed by ot her magi cal t ext s of a
si mi l ar nat ur e.
>!71 00K , i . e. , OTOXT^. Cf . Fi r st Fi r mament , not e 70 ( p. 41) .
1 8
These, t hei r st at i on i s on t he t hi r d st ep, f or t hei r
f unct i on i s t o shake and agi t at e t he hear t s of men and t o make
voi d t hei r i nt ent i ons and nul l i f y t hei r t hought s. Dr ead i s
t hei r s and f ear wher e t hey wal k, and t hei r appear ance i s ( f ul l )
of wr at h, and t hey ar e exceedi ngl y har sh and mi ght y men of war ,
and f ear goes bef or e t hemand t r embl i ng af t er t hem, "^^ and
t hey r oar and cause t r embl i ng as t hey go shaki ng"' "^ ( t he wor l d) ,
and t hei r voi ce i s l i ke t he voi ce of t hunder and i n t hei r hands
ar e r ods of f i r e and t hei r f aces ar e l i ke spar ks of f i r e and
45 f i r e comes f or t h f r omt hei r eyes, and al l of t hemar e r eady
t o nul l i f y and make voi d ( what ever t hey ar e asked t o) .
I f you wi sh t o nul l i f y a gr eat man' s i nt ent i ons t owar ds
you, or t he t hought s of an ar my of f i cer , or t he i nt ent i ons of
mi l i t ar y men, or any ot her evi l i nt ent i ons or t hought s
( di r ect ed agai nst you) ; go out at mi dni ght when t he moon i s
17 18
f ul l , bar ef oot , and pur e, and wr apped i n a new cl oak.
St and under t he moon and say t went y- one t i mes t he names of t he
angel s wr i t t en above, ( t hose) who st and on t he t hi r d st ep of
50 t he "heaven of heavens, " and say:
Moon, Moon, 0 Moon, bring my words before the angels
who stand upon the third step: nullify the thought
Qonoeming me of N son of N and the intention of his
heart and his plot. Let his mouth be unable to speak
48 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
against me, destroy his knowledge, and thwart his
intentions, and let his purpose^^ be devastated,
so that every time he sees me he will be filled
with love for me, and let him be changed so that he
becomes my friend, and let him not remember any
hatred of me, and let me find favor and affection
in his eyes.
55 Then wr i t e ( t he names of ) t he angel s and t hese ( f ol l owi ng)
20
char act er s upon a si l ver lamella^ put t hemon a t abl et over
21 22
your hear t , and dur i ng al l t he days you wear i t you shal l
succeed.
Upon t he f our t h st ep st and t hese:
SGRY' L MLKY' L ' WNBYB PGRY' L
CNNY' L KLNMYY* ' WMY' L MPNWR
KWZZYB' ' LPY' L PRYBY' L S^QMYH
KDWMY' L ' SMD^ HWDYH YHZY' L
23
These, t hei r st at i on i s on t he f our t h st ep. They ar e gi r ded
60 wi t h st or mand t he sound of t hei r st eps i s l i ke t he sound of
br onze. They f l y f r omt he east and t ur n f r omt he west t owar ds
24
t he gat e. They ar e swi f t as l i ght ni ng and f i r e i s ar ound
' ^Li teral l y " hear t . "
20
D>*l 10p nDni f or xoi pOLKTflpec. Cf . not e 14 ( p. 46) .
^' Readi ng i n n ^ ni !? . Thi s i s a r eci pe f or an amul et . The
i dea i s t hat you put t he si l ver f oi l on a st r onger t abl et and
wear i t suspended over your hear t ( chest ) .
^^Li t er al l y, "i t i s upon you. "
^^Not e t he ni nt h angel , KWZZYB' , and t he t hi r t eent h, ' SMD^
KWZZYB' i s most pr obabl y Bar Kochba. Thi s woul d cl ear l y dat e
t he angel ol ogy as post 135 CE. *SMD^i s most pr obabl y Asmodeus.
Cf . Tob 3: 7, 17.
f or KuXoSv.
TRANSLATI ON 49
^\ i t er al l y " separ at e. "
^^Cf . P GM IV:2943.
^^i manDI OD f or Oi UXPOqj dpov . Cf . P GM VII:397 .
^^Cf . P GM XXXVI:232, 37 0.
29
Li t er al l y "a pl ace i n whi ch he goes and comes. " Hi s door -
st ep i s most l i kel y, as t hi s was a popul ar and ef f ect i ve pl ace
f or magi c deposi t s. Cf . Fi r st Fi r mament , not e 53 ( p. 35) .
25
t hem. They wi t hhol d sl eep f r ommen, and t hey can do good
or do evi l .
I f you wi sh t o gi ve your enemy t r oubl e i n sl eepi ng, ^^
t ake t he head of a bl ack dog t hat never saw l i ght dur i ng i t s
days and t ake a I carnella f r oma st r i p of ( l ead) pi pe f r oman
27
aqueduct , and wr i t e upon i t ( t he names of ) t hese angel s
and say t hus:
I hand over to you, angels of disquiet who stand
65 upon the fourth step, the life and the soul and the
spirit of N son of N so that you may tie him in chains
of iron and bind him to a bronze yoke. Do not give
sleep, nor slumber, nor drowsiness to his eyelids;
let him weep and cry like a woman at childbirth, and
do not permit any (other) man to release him (from
this spell).
Wr i t e t hus ( as above) and put ( t he i nscr i bed l ead
2 8
lamella) i n t he mout h of t he dog*s head and put wax on i t s
mout h, and seal ( i t ) wi t h a r i ng whi ch has a l i on ( engr aved)
7 0 upon i t . Then go and conceal i t behi nd hi s house or i n a
29
pl ace he f r equent s.
I f you wi sh t o r el ease hi m ( t ake t he dog' s head) away
f r omwher e i t i s conceal ed and r emove i t s seal and wi t hdr aw
t he t ext and t hr ow i t i nt o a f i r e, and he wi l l f al l asl eep
at once. Do t hi s wi t h humi l i t y and you wi l l succeed.
50 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
^^Per haps "t hei r spi r i t , " but " br eat h" i s mor e l i kel y her e.
'^'Or possi bl y 27 shekel s exact l y. Readi ng T^ D.
^^Readi ng nWI Di T\ y^ wi t h Mss. D and n i nst ead of nwi na
Upon t he f i f t h st ep st and t hese:
QW N ' QR T' L P TW N Y ' L N QR Y ' L 'Y'L
Y ' BW TY ' W BBSB'W BKP Y MB\ ^
75 SKTB' Q 'MRY'L Y ' L' L MKS' BW
These ar e t hey who st and on t he f i f t h st ep. They gr asp shi el d
and spear , and br ass hel met s ar e on t hei r heads, and t hei r
gar ment s ar e coat s of mai l . To t hei r r i ght and l ef t ar e
( st or ms) as of hai l st ones. Tr embl i ng ( accompani es) t hei r
r unni ng and t hey st r i de upon r i ver s of f i r e, gr aspi ng t or ches,
and hur r yi ng t o r et ur n an answer , and t hei r mout hs never si l ent
f r omr oar i ng, and t hei r br eat h"^^ i s l i ke f l ami ng f i r e, and
t hei r f i r e i s bl azi ng ( so t hat ) t he br eat h of t hei r mout hs
80 ki ndl es f i r e, f or al l t hei r act i ons concer n t he t r easur i es of
f i r e, f or f r omf i r e t hey emer ged and t hey ar e st at i oned i n f i r e.
I f you wi sh t o l i ght an oven i n t he col d, t ake a l ump of
31
sul phur ( t hat wei ghs) about seven shekel s and di vi de i t i nt o
t he number of compar t ment s i n t he oven. Then upon each and
32
ever y ( l ump of sul phur ) wr i t e wi t h a br onze st yl us t he names
of t he angel s who st and upon t he f i f t h st ep and say:
I adjure you, angels of fire and angels of flame,
by the King who is a consuming fire, that you shall
85 stand with me and kindle the oven which is in such
a place, and it shall be that anyone who approaches
it will be amazed at its heat.
TRANSLATI ON 51
" ^^hOapn f or 6oKLUi*l , or possi bl y 66Xuoi.
34
Li t er al l y, "of a yeshi vah" or academy.
Do t hi s i n t he pr oven manner ^^ and you wi l l succeed.
Then t ake t he sul phur and cast i t i nt o each and ever y bur ner
of i t ( t he oven) and i t ( t he sul phur ) wi l l bl aze up st r ongl y.
Ever y day t hat you wi sh t o l i ght ( t he oven) wr i t e ( as di r ect ed)
and cast ( t he sul phur ) i nt o t he mi dst ( of t he oven) .
Upon t he si xt h st ep st and t hese:
' BYHWD QYTR ZLQY' L STRY' L
90 ' DRK GHLY' L TMKY' L SMKYH
RB^Y' L YWQMY' L SMYHWD MHRY' L
DWMY' L KRKWS QNZ QNY' L
KNTWN
These ar e t hey who st and on t he si xt h st ep. They behave wi t h
humi l i t y, but t hei r f aces ar e f ul l of gl or y. Thei r gar ment s
ar e gar ment s whi t e as l i ght . They st and l i ke gi ant s, awesome
34
as t he schol ar s of a cour t , seat ed i n t hr ones of gl or y,
t r ust ed t o gi ve t r ue ( j udgment s) , and i n char ge of heal i ng.
95 I f you wi sh t o heal a man who has had a st r oke and hal f of
hi mi s dr i ed up, ei t her by an ( evi l ) spi r i t or by wi t chcr af t ,
t ake spi kenar d oi l and t hr ee measur es of honey and st and f aci ng
t he sun as i t r i ses, r epeat i ng t hr ee t i mes each day f or seven
days t he name of t he man and t he name of hi s mot her and t he
names of t he angel s who st and upon t he si xt h st ep. And on t he
sevent h day t ake hi mand st and hi mnaked bef or e t he sun, and
smear oi l al l over hi s f l esh, whi l e bur ni ng myr r h, f r anki ncense,
and chosen spi ces i n t he sunl i ght . Then agai n wr i t e upon a
52 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
( Wr i t e t hese on t he lamella) as an amul et and put i t on hi s
neck wi t h a ( cor d of ) asbest os^^ and i ncense of spi ces. Wr i t e
i t t hus on t he t went i et h of t he mont h and you wi l l succeed.
Upon t he sevent h st ep st and t hese:
PTHYH RZY' L ' GRY' L HGDY' B
' DRWN KRQT' QTYPWR ' BRY' L
STQY' L ^MY' L SYKBRDWM
105 These ar e t hey who st and on t he sevent h st ep, gi r t wi t h
st r engt h, t hei r mi ght l i ke a l i on. Hal f of t hemar e l i ke
f i r e and hal f of t hemcol d as wat er . They st and i n t hei r
37
pl ace ( and ar e weakened f r omt hei r f ear ) . They ar e wondr ous
because of t hei r deeds and no one can compr ehend t hei r i mage.
^^See not e 14 above ( p. 46) . The char act er s gi ven i n t he t ext
ar e f r omMs. n . Ms. 0 r eads:
7t
I I Di ^ t t K f or du^ OLVTOS i . e. " asbest os. " Pr oper l y an
adj ect i ve meani ng "undef i l ed. " Asbest os was used t o f ashi on
magi cal chai ns. Cf . PGM XI I I : 300; and t he Fi f t h Fi r mament ,
l i ne 40 and not e 11 ( p. 76) .
37
The t ext appear s t o be cor r upt . Compar e wi t h l i nes 157- 160
bel ow.
si l ver lamella ( t he names of ) t hese angel s of gl or y wi t h
t hese char act er s
f <AXK^H^ACA
TRANSLATI ON 53
o o
Thi s i mpl i es t hat t he angel s can l ook i n al l di r ect i ons at
once.
39
Thi s i mage seems t o be f or bi dden by Rabbi ni c t ext s. Cf .
Mi shnah Avodah Zar ah 3: 1; Mai moni des, Mi shnah Tor ah on
A. Z. 7: 6. Not e t hat t her e ar e no spel l s, r i t ual s, or
sacr i f i ces ment i oned t o be used when empl oyi ng t hi s f i gur e.
Per haps a l at er hand has del et ed t hem.
f or t hey come gr eat i n st at ur e wi t h spar ks of l i ght upon t hei r
eyel i ds. Those who st and bel ow ar e unabl e t o l ook at t hei r
appear ance and t hose, t oo, who st and above ar e f r i ght ened by
110 t hei r appear ance; f or t hey t ur n t o ever y si de and above, and
38
t hey move i n al l f our di r ect i ons.
I f you wi sh t o expel f r omt he ci t y ever y danger ous wi l d
ani mal , whet her l i on, or wol f , or bear , or l eopar d, or ( i f you
wi sh t o quel l ) a r i ver or sea whi ch i s r i si ng and washi ng
agai nst bui l di ngs, ( do t he f ol l owi ng) . ( For t he wi l d ani mal s)
make a br onze i mage i n t he l i keness of t he one ( whi ch you
desi r e t o expel ) and t hen make an i r on lamella and wr i t e upon
i t , on t he obver se and r ever se, t he names of t he angel s ( of t he
sevent h st ep) and bi nd i t upon ( t he i mage) and bur y i t at t he
115 ent r ance of t he ci t y and l et i t s f ace be f aci ng nor t h. I f i t
i s a r i ver or a sea you wi sh t o bi nd so t hat i t wi l l not come
and f l ood ( t he ci t y) , make a st one i mage ( of a man) , wr i t e
( t he names of ) t hese angel s on t wo copper lamellae and pl ace
t hembeneat h hi s heel s, and make a mar bl e st af f and pl ace i t
on hi s shoul der , hi s r i ght hand gr aspi ng t he st af f and hi s
39
l ef t hand open and hi s f ace t owar ds t he wat er .
54 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
40
The si xt eent h, TI M Ti n, i s not an angel i c name. I t i s r at her
a descr i pt i on of t hei r magni f i cence. Possi bl y amend t o r ead
Ti m Ti n bot h her e and i n 2: 121.
^"' ' The t ext says, "t hey ar e f i l l ed wi t h f ear , " but t he meani ng
i s cl ear l y t hat t hey f r i ght en t hose t hey encount er .
42
Pr obabl y t he cent er of t he f our wal l s and not t he cor ner s.
^^i t er al l y "come up, " but t he meani ng i s come up i nt o ( t he
house) . "
Upon t he ei ght h st ep st and t hese:
' BRH BRQY'L ' DWNY'L ^ZRY'L
BRKY'L ^MY'L QD SY ' L MRGY'L
PRW'L PNY'L MRBNY'L MRNYS'L
120 SMY ' L ^MN Y ' L MTN ' L HW D HW D
40
These ar e t hey who st and upon t he ei ght h st ep.
Thei r appear ance i s as shi ni ng amber , t hey speak by t hei r
deeds, t r embl i ng and f i r e ar e i n t hei r dwel l i ng pl ace, ( t hei r
41
pr esence) i s f i l l ed wi t h f ear . They r ul e t he spi r i t s t hat
wander i n t he ear t h, and i n a pl ace wher e t hei r name i s i nvoked
an evi l spi r i t cannot appear .
I f you wi sh t o dr i ve of f an evi l spi r i t so i t wi l l not come
t o a woman when she i s i n chi l dbi r t h and so i t wi l l not ki l l
125 her chi l d, bef or e t he woman' s pr egnancy wr i t e ( t he names of )
t hese angel s on a gol den lamella and pl ace i t i n a si l ver
t ubul ar case and l et her wear i t , and at t he t i me of chi l dbi r t h
t ake f our si l ver lamellae and wr i t e upon t hem ( t he names of )
42
t he angel s and pl ace t hemi n t he f our si des of t he house and
43
no ( evi l ) spi r i t wi l l come i n.
TRANSLATION 55
44
Reading KTy for Cf. Jastrow, Dictionary 1 1 09;
PGM XXIV:1 5; 1 :264.
Upon the ninth step stand these:
GDWDY'L SKSY'L TRSWNY'L NSHY'L
'SDD' RBNY' HLYL'L TWQPY'L
1 30 SMKY'L PDH'L QRB' SY'L
PR'L PTHY'L
These are they who stand on the ninth step. Quick and
mighty, flying through the air, their strength is a breastplate
and they appear to have swords in their hands; prepared for
war, grasping bows and holding javelins, they leap forth from
the fire. And they have horses of fire, and the harness of
their chariots is of fire, and terror goes with them wherever
they turn.
If you wish that a man going forth to war be protected from
44
1 35 arrow, sword, or any blow, take seven leaves of a bay tree
and write these names on them, two on each and every one of
them, and put them in spikenard oil, and on the day he goes
forth to war, let him smear (the oil) upon his flesh and upon
his sword and his bow and arrows. Again write (the names of
the angels) on a silver I cmellay put them in a bronze tubular
case, and let him tie it over his heart, then no blow will
touch him.
56 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
45
For t he t ent h angel r ead p^^ bK as one wor d wi t h Ms. n.
^^Li t er al l y, "at i t s ar i si ng. "
Upon t he t ent h st ep st and t hese:
140 DKRY' L HRY' L SBQY' L ' TKY' L
SMYK' L MRMW' L QN' L SPTP
YH' L ' LSDQ KPP ^ZH'L
MKMYK' L TRKY' L TBGY' L
45
These ar e t hey who st and on t he t ent h st ep. They have
been commanded ( t o r ewar d) t r ut h. Bef or e t hemar e myr i ads upon
myr i ads ( of angel s) hol di ng r eed ( pens) f or f i r e and wr i t i ng
scr ol l s uni nt er r upt edl y, and r ecor di ng acqui t t al f or al l t hose
who cal l upon t hei r names, ( so t hat t hey) wi l l be r escued and
saved f r omf or ced t r i but e, t he l aw of t he l and, and f r omever y
deat h penal t y.
145 I f you wi sh t o r escue your f r i end f r oma bad j udgment , or
f r omany di f f i cul t y, pur i f y your sel f f r omal l i mpur i t y, and do
not cohabi t wi t h a woman f or t hr ee days; t hen st and bef or e t he
sun at t he dawn and r epeat t hese names ( of t hese angel s) and
say:
I beseech thee 0 great angel who art called "sun,"
who ascend the steps of the firmament, who watch the
children of men, that you will perform my request and will
bring my words before the King of Kings of Kings, the
150 (Holy One) Blessed be He, to whom I pray concerning the
case of N son of N, who is in trouble and has a bad
cases and that you will bring over for him, from (God's)
presence, something good and a time of relief. Let
those who sought to do him evil he ashamed and let him
he rescued without injury.
I n addi t i on, wr i t e ( t he names of ) t hese angel s on a copper
lamella and conceal i t i n t he east , so i t wi l l be exposed t o t he
sun at s u n r i s e . Do ever yt hi ng i n pur i t y and you wi l l succeed.
TRANSLATI ON 57
47
^^K' f l f or (ptdAn .
^^That i s meat f r oman ani mal whi ch has di ed f r omnat ur al causes
49
Thi s expr essi on shoul d pr obabl y be under st ood as a met aphor i c
pr ohi bi t i on of cohabi t at i on, t hough t he l i t er al meani ng may be
under st ood as a Rabbi ni c pr ecaut i on agai nst i mpur i t y.
^^That i s, "on t he f ul l moon. " I t seems t o be i mpl i ed by 2: 163
t hat one may begi n pr epar at i ons on ei t her t he sevent h, ei ght h,
or ni nt h, but si nce 2: 172 i mpl i es t hat t he adj ur at i on i s t o be
r eci t ed on al l t hr ee days of t he f ul l moon, one must begi n
pr epar at i ons on t he sevent h.
Upon t he el event h st ep st and t hese:
155 RPDY' L DMW' L M' RYNWS ' MYN' L
SHY' L ^QRY' L ' DNY' L RDQY' L
SLMY' L ' STTY' L ST' L ' GLGLTWN
' RMWT PRHG' L NPPMYWT
These, t hei r posi t i on i s upon t he el event h st ep. Ther e
i s f ear wher e t hey st and, a gr eat mul t i t ude st at i oni ng
( t hemsel ves) and est abl i shi ng camps of mi ni st er i ng ( angel s) i n
t he heaven, f or on t hei r command angel s of f i r e r un and r et ur n,
causi ng ( men) t o descend f r omgr eat ness and r i se t o spl endor .
160 They f l y t o and f r o, r esumi ng t hei r pl aces, gl or i f yi ng t hei r
cr eat or and ext ol l i ng t hei r maker .
I f you wi sh t o r est or e t o of f i ce one who has f al l en f r om
hi s pl ace, a ki ng, or mi ni st er , or gover nor , or j udge, t ake oi l
47
and honey and f i ne f l our and pl ace t hemi n a new gl ass vi al ,
and pur i f y your sel f f r omal l i mpur i t y, and do not eat nevelah^^
49
and do not t ouch a woman' s bed, f or seven days. Then on t he
sevent h day st and beneat h t he moon, i n i t s f our t eent h, f i f -
165 t eent h, or si xt eent h day, ^^ and t ake t he vi al i n your hand, and
wr i t e on i t ( t he names of t he angel s of ) t hi s encampment of t he
58 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
170
175
( el event h) st ep and r eci t e over i t seven t i mes, whi l e f aci ng
t he moon, t he names of t he angel s and say:
I hring my petition he fore you, 0 Moon, who travel
hy day and hy night with chariots of light and angels of
mercy he fore and hehind you, I adjure you hy the King
who causes you to rise and set, as you are thin and
hecome full and return to your place, so restore N son
of N to his place and let him he (again) honored in
the eyes of all who see him, and as you have glory in
the world, so hestow glory upon him in the eyes of all
the children of Adam and Eve, and restore him to his
office, and let him rule as at the beginning and let
him not move from his position (again).
51
Do t hi s f or hi mf or t hr ee days, and af t er war ds make t hem
i nt o a cake and dr y i t at ni ght so t hat t he sun does not shi ne
on i t , and have hi meat i t f or t hr ee days, bef or e sunr i se, and
52
bur y ( t he) vi al , wi t h t he wr i t i ng st i l l on i t , "
Upon t he t wel f t h st ep st and t hese:
i n hi s house.
' STRYMY BR' WT BMR' WT DRWDY' L
SDRLY' L TLHBM BRG' L PY' L
PP' L YKPTYNY KLPTWN BWBWKWK
' WMTWN ' RTMYKTWN ' SMYGDWN SPNYG
PRNYG' L PSYKSWK T' GYSWN ' RTLYDY
180
These, t hei r posi t i on i s on t he t wel f t h st ep. Sur r ounded
by r i ght eousness, r ays of maj est y on t hei r heads, f ul l of
under st andi ng, t hey under st and how t o pr ai se ( t he Lor d) . They
st and i n t wo equal compani es, hal f of t hemsi ngi ng and t he ot her
hal f answer i ng af t er t hem. Thei r l anguage heal s, t hei r speech
bi nds up ( wounds) , and anyt hi ng t hey ment i on wi l l be successf ul .
51
52
I . e. , t he oi l , honey, and f l our .
Li t er al l y, "and vi al bur y wr i t t en. " One expect s "and bur y
t he i nscr i bed vi al " i n or der t o par al l el 2: 165.
TRANSLATI ON 59
^^Cf . PGMVI I : 199.
^^Cf . PGMVI I : 271.
I f you wi sh t o cur e a headache ( af f ect i ng) hal f t he
head^^ or t o bi nd or r ebuke t he spi r i t causi ng bl i ndness, t ake
f at t hat cover s t he br ai n of a bl ack ox, and whi l e i n ( a st at e
of ) pur i t y, wr i t e on i t t he names of t hese angel s and pl ace i t
54
i n a si l ver t ubul ar case, t hen bi nd t he t ube wi t h seven col or s
and pl ace i t besi de t he pai n. ( I n or der t o succeed) abst ai n
185 f r ommeat , f r omwi ne, f r om ( cont act wi t h) t he dead, f r om
menst r uat i ng women, and f r omever y uncl ean t hi ng.
( THE THI RD FI RMAMENT)
The t hi r d f i r mament i s f i l l ed wi t h st or er ooms of mi st f r om
whi ch t he wi nds go f or t h, and i nsi de i t ar e encampment s of
t hunder f r omwhi ch l i ght ni ng emanat es. Wi t hi n, t hr ee pr i nces
si t on t hei r t hr ones; t hey and t hei r r ai ment have an appear ance
l i ke f i r e and t he appear ance of t hei r t hr ones i s l i ke f i r e, f i r e
t hat gl eams l i ke gol d, f or t hey r ul e over al l t he angel s of
f i r e. They ar e l i ke f i r e i n t hei r st r engt h and t hei r voi ces
5 ar e l i ke t he r oar of a peal of t hunder . And t hei r eyes ar e
l i ke sunbeams, and t hey r ul e over t he wheel s of f l ame and f i r e.
Mor eover , t hey have wi ngs t o f l y. The whi nnyi ng of t hei r
mout hs i s as horses, ' ' " t hei r appear ance l i ke t or ches; when t hey
speak t hey cause t r embl i ng, when t hey shout t hey cause weakness.
They soar i n ever y di r ect i on and f l y t o ever y cor ner ( of t he
wor l d) .
These ar e t he names of t he pr i nces who r ul e i n t he
2
habi t at i on whi ch i s t he t hi r d f i r mament . The name of t he
f i r st i s YBNY' L, t he name of t he second i s RHTY' L, and t he
10 name of t he t hi r d i s DLQY' L. YBNY' L i s i n char ge of al l
t hi ngs concer ni ng t he i gni t i ng and ext i ngui shi ng of f i r e.
RHTY' L i s i n char ge of ever y char i ot of f i re"^ causi ng i t t o
^Cf . Nah 2: 5.
2
1i>Va>i . e. , habi t at i on, t empl e, pl ace.
\ he char i ot s of f i r e ar e t he heavenl y f i r es over whi ch t hese
pr i nces r ul e. The ci r cl i ng cel est i al bodi es ar e vi ewed as t he
ci r cl i ng char i ot s of t he hi ppodr ome. Thus RHTY' L appear s as
t he r ul er of char i ot r aces and hi s name (EHT = r un) i ndi cat es
t hat he was cr eat ed f or t hi s f unct i on. The associ at i on of RHTY' L
wi t h t he ot her angel s of f i r e comes t hr ough Hel i os who dr ove a
f i er y char i ot and t eamand was t her ef or e t he most conspi cuous of
char i ot eer s and t hus became t he pat r on of t hei r pr of essi on.
61
62
SEP HER HA-R AZIM
15
20
25
r un ( successf ul l y) or t o f ai l . D LQY ' L i s i n char ge of f l ames
of f i r e, t o ki ndl e or quench ( t hem) .
These ar e t he names of t he angel s who ser ve Y BN Y ' L:
S^Y P Y ' L 'D RY'L TD HD Y ' L B^SY ' L
THP Y ' L R LBY ' L BLN Y ' L THZR Y ' L
'CZY'L 'MNHY'L MLTHY ' L D Y BQY ' L
BR SS' L SH' L TTB' L QSMY ' L
TSY ' L QSTSD Y ' L N MD Y ' L
I f you wi sh t o ext i ngui sh ( t he f i r e whi ch heat s) a bat h-
house so i t wi l l nei t her f l ar e up nor bur n, br i ng a sal amander ^
and pl ace i t i n a gl ass vessel wi t h oi l aged f or t hr ee year s.
Do not set i t upon t he gr ound, but r epeat backwar ds over i t
seven t i mes dur i ng t he t hi r d hour of t he ni ght t he name of
t he over seer and t he names of t he angel s who ser ve bef or e hi m,
and say:
I adjure you, 0 salamander, in the name of YBNY'L
and in the name of the angels of fire who serve him,
just as you were driven from fire, so drive away and
extinguish the fire from the bathhouse^ of N son of
N, And you, angels of fire, all of whose deeds pertain
to fire, do not permit fire to enter or warm this
bathhouse, but stand on the gates of his (the owner's)
house and enter it, and make it like cold snow'^ or
cold water.
Li t er al l y, " st umbl e. " The aut hor i s wr i t i ng of char i ot s but
t hi nki ng of hor ses.
^ KI TJi OKt ^ D f or a a A . a u d v 6 p a . The sal amander i s wel l known i n t he
anci ent wor l d as bei ng associ at ed wi t h f i r e . Cf . Gi nzber g,
Legends 5. 52, n. 157f .
^Del et i ng p^r w , i . e. , "bl azi ng" si nce t he pur pose was t o pr event
i gni t i on and t he adj ect i ve i mpl i es t he bat hhouse i s al r eady
abl aze.
^Cf . Pr ov 25: 13.
TRANSLATION 63
30
35
Then take the flask of oil and put some of it on the four
corners of each and every room. If you wish to undo the spell,
take some of the remaining oil and stand facing the sun and
repeat the name of YBNY'L and the names of the angels who serve
him and say:
I adjure you, angel of fire and angel of conflagra-
tion, that you will undo what I have bound and will
permit the angels standing at the gates of the bathhouse
of N son of N to ignite and kindle its fire as before.
Then take the flask of oil and pour (some of it) in the
four corners of each room and the fire will ignite and burn.
These are the names of the angels who serve RHTY'L:
'GR' ZRGRY GNTS T^ZM'
LTSRP'L GDY'L TMNY'L ^QHY'L
GWHPNY'L 'RQNY SPYQW'L MWSY'L
SWSY'L HTNY'L ZKRY'L *KNSP
SDQY 'HSP NKMR' PRDY'L
QLYLY'L DRWMY'L
\ v c
These characters are from Ms. n . Cf. Second Firmament,
note 1 4 (p.46) .
64 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
40
45
I f you wi sh t o r ace hor ses, ( even) when t hey ar e exhaust ed,
so t hat t hey wi l l not st umbl e i n t hei r r unni ng, t hat t hey wi l l
be swi f t as t he wi nd, and t he f oot of no l i vi ng t hi ng wi l l pass
t hem, and t hey wi l l wi n popul ar i t y i n t hei r r unni ng, t ake a
si l ver lamella and wr i t e upon i t t he names of t he hor ses and
9
t he names of t he angel s and t he name of t he pr i nce who i s
over t hemand say:
I adjure you angels of running, who run amid
the stars, that you will gird with strength and
courage the horses that N is racing and his charioteer
who is racing them. Let them run and not hecome weary
nor stumble. Let them run and be swift as an eagle.
Let no animals stand before them,'^'^ and let no other
magic or witchcraft affect them.
Take t he lamella and conceal i t i n t he r aci ng l ane ( of
t he one) you wi sh t o wi n.
These ar e t he names of t he angel s who ser ve DLQY' L:
NWRY' L ' ZLYBN ' YLY' L MLKYH
HYLY' L HRH' L SLQY' L SGRY' L
PSKY' L ^QRY' L SMNY' L SBBY' L
NHLY' L TGMLY' L
' MYNW' L
TLB^P
QTHNY' L ' PRY' L
' NGY' L
MSRY' L
' MNGN' N
12
I f you wi sh t o gi ve pr oof ( of your power s) t o your
The t ext s r ead " pr i nces, " but t he si ngul ar i s necessar y.
Cf . Ms. n
' ^01D1>in f or f i V L d x OQ.
11.
Cf . Dan 8: 4.
12
>Opn pr obabl y f or 6oKLUl^ - " pr oof " or "demonst r at i on, "
but possi bl y 60YUa. - i . e. " exampl e. " Cf . Second Fi r mament ,
not e 33 ( p. 51) .
TRANSLATI ON 65
bel oved or t o your f r i end, f or exampl e, t o f i l l a house wi t h
13 14
f i r e whi ch wi l l not bur n, t ake a r oot of a wi l d pl ant and
put i t on bur ni ng coal s and as t he smoke r i ses i n t he house,
50 r eci t e t he names of t he angel s and t he name of t hei r over seer ,
who i s DLQY' L. When t he smoke r i ses seven t i mes, and when t he
smoke wi l l be. . . . "' "^ al l t hose who see i t wi l l see i t as f i r e.
When you r eci t e t he names of t he angel s say:
I adjure you, 0 angels cloaked in fire, hy Him
who is all fire, who sits upon a throne of fire, and
whose ministers are a flaming fire,^^ and encampments
of fire serve he fore Him. By His great name I adjure
55 you, that you show me this great miracle and fill
this house with your fire. Let me and all with me
see this great miracle and not he afraid.
When you f i ni sh your wor ds, you wi l l see t he house f i l l ed
wi t h f i r e. I f you wi sh t o cause ( t he f i r e) t o subsi de speak
t he adj ur at i on backwar ds and say:
Angels of fire^ extinguish, extinguish at once.
hurry, make haste.
How gr eat ar e your wor ks 0 Lor d, you have made al l of
18
t hemi n wi sdom.
13
Readi ng TP)? f or TA)?.
'"^onifiiKnAK f or d v p t o c p o p o s .
' "^The t ext seems cor r upt . We seeml ed t o under st and, "and when
t he smoke wi l l be ( al l t hat can be seen) al l t hose who see i t
wi l l see i t as f i r e. "
^^Cf . Ps 104: 4
"^Cf. 1 Sam20: 38
18
Cf . Ps 104: 24. Thi s i s t he end of t he Thi r d Fi r mament and not
par t of t he adj ur at i on.
( THE FOURTH FI RMAMENT)
The f our t h f i r mament i s pi tched' ' " upon a st or mwi nd, and
st ands on pi l l ar s of f i r e, and i s hel d up by cr owns of f l ame, ^
and f ul l of t r easur i es of st r engt h, al so st or ehouses of dew.
As each of i t s cor ner s ar e swi f t angel s r unni ng wi t h each
3
ot her , pr anci ng, pr anci ng.
Wi t hi n ar e seven r i ver s of f i r e and wat er , and al ong t hem,
on bot h si des, st and i nnumer abl e angel s. On one si de st and
5 angel s of f i r e t hat bur n wi t h an i ncandescent f l ame and on t he
ot her si de angel s of col d wr apped i n hai l st ones. Nei t her do
t he ( angel s of col d) quench ( t he angel s of f i r e) nor do ( t he
angel s of f i r e) i gni t e t he ( angel s of col d) . These i mmer se
t hemsel ves i n t he r i ver s of f i r e and t hose i mmer se t hemsel ves
4 5
i n t he r i ver s of wat er , and t hey al l r eci t e and chant songs
and pr ai ses t o t he Li f e of t he Wor l d f or He cr eat ed t hemt o
gl or i f y Hi s power .
Wi t hi n t he ( f our t h) f i r mament i s t he l ovel y br i dal chamber
of t he sun, f i l l ed wi t h l i ght and al l af l ame. The angel s of
f i r e, gi r ded wi t h st r engt h, sur r ound hi m ( t he sun) and l ead hi m
10 dur i ng t he day. Then t he angel s of wat er , t hei r bodi es l i ke
' "That i s, i t i s pi t ched l i ke a t ent upon i t s post s.
2
Gr eek capi t al s on col umns seemi mpl i ed.
^Cf . J udg 5: 22 .
4
The i mmer si on i s f or r i t ual pur i f i cat i on. Pr esumabl y t hey
i mmer se t hemsel ves i n t he r i ver of t hei r own subst ance, r at her
t han t he opposi t e, but t he t ext l eaves t he quest i on open.
^They t hus al t er nat e l i ke a choi r . The si ngi ng t hus seems t o
be ant i phonal .
67
68
15
20
SEPHER HA- RAZI M
BR ' SKS MRMR' WT MWKTY' L M' R Y T
SDQY' L YHSY HSY' L R B' L
YBWK MY' L KRYMK' MRM' N
P W ' L GBR Y ' L ' TWN TW QP Y ' L
' LY' L N P LY QWDY' L
HWDY' L NRWMYL Y R SY ' L MLKY' L
*GR Y T' L LHGY' L MNWRYL P L' W ' L
NWRY' L HRM' Y' L N SBR Y L
These ar e t he pr i nces of t he encampment s who l ead t he sun
dur i ng t he day,
7
And t hese ar e t he names of t he angel s who l ead hi mat i
P R SY ' L SRSY' L CGY L NBYM' L
^MY' L Y SR Y *L 'SM^W'L SP TY ' L
S*W' L R D R Y ' L S^SY' L LY BB' L
BN R Y ' L SGR Y ' L MNH*L LMY' L
P R Y ' L P D H*L LY BR ' L R BS' L
HMQY' L BGHY *L N BR Y ' L QSP Y ' L
R^DNY' L HTNY*L 'SPPY'L HLWL

SM' Y' L ZHZH' L N KBR Y ' L P S' L
QMNY' L ZH' L HDY*L
Per haps r ead o^ni Q>n t ?1 pD j / l i ke t he voi ce of many wat er s
Cf . Ps 93:4.
^Appar ent l y each of t he t hi r t y- one named her e and bel ow i s a
l eader of ot her s. Not e t he f i r st angel , d p p a o a g , i s a t r ans-
l i t er at i on of t he cor r ect spel l i ng.
t he sea and t hei r voi ces l i ke t he voi ce of wat er s^ st r engt hen
t hemsel ves wi t h an ador nment of mi ght and l ead hi mat ni ght .
These ar e t he names of t he angel s t hat l ead hi mdur i ng
t he day:
TRANSLATI ON 69
g
Abst i nence f r omi mpur e f ood and dr i nk seems i mpl i ed r at her
t han a f ast . Thi s cr eat es a par al l el t o "uncl ean t hi ngs" and
f ol l ows t he same pat t er n as pr evi ous commands of abst i nence
f ound i n SHR.
9
For an exampl e of t hi s t ype of l i st i ng see BT Ber akhot 33b.
' "^The r ays of t he sun obscur e t he sun angel .
' -' Readi ng tt? f or 1^ wi t h Ms. !? .
These ar e t he pr i nces of t he encampment s who l ead hi mat ni ght .
25 I f you wi sh t o vi ew t he sun dur i ng t he day, seat ed i n hi s
char i ot and ascendi ng; guar d your sel f , t ake car e, and keep pur e
f or seven days f r omal l ( i mpur e) f ood, f r omal l ( i mpur e) dr i nk,
and f r omever y uncl ean t hi ng. Then on t he sevent h day st and
f aci ng ( t he sun) when he r i ses and bur n i ncense of spi ces
wei ghi ng t hr ee shekel s bef or e hi m, and i nvoke seven t i mes t he
names of t he angel s t hat l ead hi mdur i ng t he day. Then i f you
30 ar e not answer ed af t er t hese seven t i mes, go and i nvoke t hemi n
r ever se or der seven t i mes, and say:
I adjure you, angels that lead the sun in the
power of your strength on the heavenly paths to
illuminate the world, by the One whose voice shakes
the earth, who moves mountains in His anger, who
calms the sea with His power, who shakes the pillars
of the world with His glance, who sustains every-
thing with His arm, who is hidden form the eyes of
all the living, who sits upon the throne of greatness
of the kingdom of the glory of His holiness, and
35 who moves through the entire worlds I repeat (your
names) and adjure you hy His great, fearful, powerful,
majestic, forceful, mighty, holy, strong, wondrous,
secret, exalted, and glorious names that you will
do my will and desire at this time and season, and
will remove the radiance of the sun^^ so I may see
him face to face as he is in his bridal chamber.
Let me not catch fire from your fire and give me^^
permission to do my will.
70 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
"^Cf. 1 Enoch 72: 5.
"^Cf. PGM XXXVI : 136.
14,
Thi s adj ur at i on i s t r i pl e t he pr evi ous one i n bot h number of
days and t i mes t he adj ur at i on i s spoken.
^^Cf . Amos 5: 8.
' ^Cf. J er 32: 17.
^Cf. Ps 104: 3.
18
Readi ng t ^Winn f or !?u;inn .
1 9
"By t he r ul er of t he pl anet s, " st ar s or f at e.
At t he compl et i on of your adj ur at i on, you wi l l see hi m
i n hi s br i dal chamber and you can ask hi m ( t o f or et el l
40 quest i ons) of deat h or l i f e, good or evi l . And i f you wi sh t o
r el ease hi m, r epeat t he adj ur at i on and say:
I adjure you that you return the radianoe of the
sun to its place as in the beginning.
Then t he sun wi l l go on hi s way.
I f you wi sh t o see t he sun dur i ng t he ni ght , pr oceedi ng
12
( on hi s cour se) i n t he nor t h, pur i f y ( your sel f ) f or t hr ee
weeks of days f r omal l ( i mpur e) f ood and dr i nk, and f r omever y
45 uncl ean t hi ng. Then st and dur i ng t he t hi r d hour' ' "^ i n t he
ni ght wat ches, wr apped i n whi t e gar ment s, and say t went y- one
14
t i mes t he name of t he sun and t he names of t he angel s t hat
l ead hi mat ni ght , and t hen say:
I adjure youj angels that fly through the air of
the firmamentj by the One who sees but is not seen^ by
the King who uncovers all hidden things and sees all
secret things^ by the God who knows what is in darkness^
50 and who transforms the shadows into morningjand who
illumines the night as the day^ before whom all secrets
are as clear as the sun^ for whom there is nothing too
difficultA^ In the name of the Holy King who walks
upon the wings of the wind^"^' by the letters of the
complete name that was revealed to Adam in the Garden
of Eden^ (byA^ the Ruler of the planets^^^ and the
TRANSLATI ON 71
^\ eadi ng D^rtniiu; )3n f or cinnniyn .
21,
The pr ayer t o Hel i os her e i s t r ansl i t er at ed i nt o Hebr ew f r om
Gr eek. Cf . Mar gal i ot h, Sepher 12 and 99f . The f ol l owi ng
t r anscr i pt i on di f f er s f r omMar gal i ot h i n t he under l i ned wor ds:
euoe^fis d v a T oA , L K6v "HAloc, vaOxnc, dYa06Q, Ti i aT6
gHTcov Kopucpaioe,
euTiLOToe, 6q TidAaL T p o x 6 v 6 3 P L U O V HadioTriQ, Koaunxfic
d y i oQ.
TioAoKpaxcop, H u p i e , tiouti6c eucpcoToc, x upa v v oQ,
sun, and the moon, who^^ bow down before Him as
slaves before their masters, by the name of the
wondrous God, I adjure you, that you will make
known to me this great miracle that I desire, and
that I may see the sun in his power in the (celestial)
55 circle (traversed by) his chariot, and let no hidden
thing be too difficult for me. Let me see him per-
fectly today, and let me ask him what I wish, and
let him speak with me as a man speaks with his friend
and tell me the secret of the depths, and make known
to me hidden things, and let no evil thing happen
to me.
When you f i ni sh speaki ng, you wi l l hear a peal of t hunder
f r omt he nor t h and you wi l l see somet hi ng l i ke l i ght ni ng come
f or t h and l i ght up t he ear t h bef or e you. And af t er you see hi m,
you wi l l assur edl y bowdown t o t he gr ound and f al l upon your
60 f ace t o t he ear t h and pr ay t hi s pr ayer :
Holy Helios who rises in the east, good mariner,
trustworthy leader of the sun's rays, reliable
(witness), who of old didst establish the mighty
wheel (of the heavens), holy orderer, ruler of the
axis (of the heaven). Lord, Brilliant Leader, King,
Soldier. I, N son of N, present my supplication
before you, that you will appear to me without
65 (causing me) fear, and you will be revealed to
me without causing me terror, and you will conceal
nothing from me and will tell me truthfully all that
I desire.
72 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
^^Cf . 1 Enoch 72: 5.
^ ^ K^ ! 7D' 11K, t hi s i s appar ent l y a name f or t he sun. Possi bl y
'?H '>bSi ^I H, The " mar vel ous" or " hi dden" "l i ght of God. "
Wher e ^ba ^ 1Kt?D tyfHbsy
^^Cf . PGM 1: 346; I V: 3122; V: 41.
25
Readi ng UK 1 f or Ti ni ni .
^^Cf . Ps 115: 18.
27
Thi s i s t he concl usi on of t he Four t h Fi r mament and not
par t of t he pr eceedi ng adj ur at i on.
Then st and up and you wi l l see ( t he sun) i n t he nor t h
22
pr oceedi ng t o t he east . Af t er t hi s, put your hands behi nd
you, and bow your head l ow, and ask what ever you desi r e. And
af t er you have quest i oned hi m, l i f t your eyes t owar d heaven
and say:
'mVLY'L, 'WEPLY'L^^^ I adjure you by the One who
formed youy for His splendor and His glory^ to illumi-
70 nate His worlds and who gave you ruler ship of the day^
that you will not harm me^^ and will not terrify me.
I shall neither fear nor tremble^ and you will return
to your course in peace when I release you^^ and you
will not pause in your course from now on forever,
AMEN SELAH. ^^
(THE FIFTH FIR MAMEN T)
The f i f t h f i r mament i s exceedi ngl y exal t ed. I t i s
magni f i cent i n appear ance, f or wi t hi n i t ar e cl ouds of spl endor .
I t i s f i l l ed wi t h angel s of maj est y, and wi t hi n i t ( t hei r knees)
knock wi t h f ear . They ar e st at i oned i n t r oop af t er t r oop,
gl or i f yi ng ( t he One) who car ved t hemi nt o f l ame. The sound of
t hei r r unni ng i s l i ke t he cr ashi ng of t he sea, and t hei r wal k i s
l i ke wheel s of t hunder . Ther ei n, mor eover , ar e t wel ve pr i nces
of gl or y seat ed upon magni f i cent t hr ones, t he appear ance of t hei r
5 t hr ones i s l i ke t hat of f i r e. They quar t er t he heavens at t he
mi ddl e by f aci ng t he f our di r ect i ons of t he wor l d, t hr ee by
t hr ee t owar d each di r ec t i on. And ( t he) angel s r un when t hey
send t hem, and t hei r r oar i ng shakes t he wor l d. Li ght ni ngs i ssue
f r omt hei r br eat h and t hey have wi ngs of f i r e and ar e wr eat hed
wi t h cr owns of f i r e, and t he ( f i f t h) f i r mament shi nes f r omt he
l ust r e of t hei r f aces. They ar e i n char ge of t he t wel ve mont hs
of t he year and under st and what wi l l be i n each and ever y mont h,
and wi t hout t hemnot hi ng can happen, f or t hey wer e cr eat ed f or
2
10 t hi s. Each i s st at i oned over hi s mont h si nce t hey make known
mont h by mont h t hat whi ch wi l l be i n each and ever y year .
These ar e t he names of t he t wel ve pr i nces of gl or y of t he
f i f t h f i r mament :
S^PY'L D GHY ' L D Y D N ' W R T^N BW N
TR W R GR MW R *L P HD R W N Y LD N G
'NDGNWR MP N Y ' L HSN D R N W S 'BRKY'L
' Thi s seems sl i ght l y r edundant . Per haps one > shoul d be del et ed,
t hus r eadi ng "t hr ee t owar d each di r ect i on.
^Cf . I sa 47: 13.
73
74 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
Thi s pr obabl y means "as t hey ar e wr i t t en above, " i . e. , t he
pr eceedi ng l i st gi ves t hemi n t he or der of t hei r mont hs f r om
Ni san t o Adar .
^Cf . PGM 1: 188; XI I I : 711.
\ i t er al l y, "hammer ed out pi eces. "
^Cf . Ps 91: 1.
These ar e t hey who ar e i n char ge of t he t wel ve mont hs of t he
year , f r omt he mont h of Ni san t o t he mont h of Adar , each i n
hi s mont h, as t hey ar e wr i t t en. ^
15 I f you wi sh t o know i n whi ch mont h you wi l l be t aken f r om
t he wor l d, or what wi l l occur i n each and ever y mont h, or i n
whi ch mont h t her e wi l l be r ai n, whet her t he gr ai n wi l l be
pl ent i f ul , whet her t he ol i ve t r ee wi l l dr op i t s f r ui t , or i n
whi ch mont h ki ngs wi l l set f or t h f or war , or i n whi ch mont h
t her e wi l l be pest i l ence among men and cat t l e, or i n whi ch
mont h an epi demi c wi l l f al l among men, or what ever you wi sh
( t o know) ; ask t hemand you wi l l know.
I f you wi sh t o know i n whi ch mont h you wi l l be t aken f r om
20 t he wor l d; ^ t ake r ef i ned gol d lomelZae and make f r omt hemt wel ve
pi eces of f oi l , ^ t hen wr i t e on each of t hemt he name of an angel
and t he name of hi s mont h. Then t ake good oi l t hat has aged f or
seven year s and t hr ow al l t he pi eces of f oi l i nt o i t and r eci t e
t hi s adj ur at i on seven t i mes over t he oi l , and say:
J adjure youy 0 angels of wisdom and understanding^
by the One who spoke and the world came into being^ by
the name of the God of Truths the majestic and glorious^
25 The King high and exalted^ strong and powerful^ mighty
and wondrous^ God of all creatures^ Refuge of Hosts^
righteous^ pure and upright and trustworthy^ and by
the name (of Him) who established you over all the
months of the year^ He who sits in hidden heights,^ who
TRANSLATI ON 75
\ i t er al l y, "cast my l ot f or me. "
o
See 1: 223; 2: 8; and not e 71, Fi r st Fi r mament ( p. 41) ; not e 6,
Second Fi r mament ( p. 43) .
9
Oi npl ! ?An per haps f or u e v aX o HO L X o Q i . e. "pot bel l i ed. "
The equi val ent i s dubi ous, but t he sense i s cl ear : a r i ng wi t h
a l ar ge t op cont ai ni ng a compar t ment f or st or age.
vevedls secret mysteries, who rules over death and
life, who is King forever and ever and ever, who is
established for all eternity. By this adjuration,
the great, powerful, strong, fearful, terrible,
wondrous, pure, and holy, I adjure you that you will
30 truthfully make known to me the month in which I
will be taken, and tell me my fate,^ in accordance
to my request.
Then put t he oi l i n a new gl ass vessel ( and pl ace i t ) under
t he st ar s f or seven ni ght s wi t hout exposi ng i t t o t he sun. And
on t he sevent h ni ght , get up i n t he mi ddl e of t he ni ght , and
l ook at t he oi l and see whi ch mont h i s wr i t t en upon whi chever
pi ece of f oi l f l oat s on t he sur f ace of t he oi l . I n t hat mont h
i t i s your f at e t o be t aken. But bef or e you per f or mt hi s r i t e,
35 pur i f y your sel f f r omal l i mpur i t y f or t hr ee weeks of days, and
g
guar d your sel f f r omal l ( meat of ) smal l ani mal s and f r omal l
t hat yi el ds bl ood ( when sl aught er ed) even f i sh, and do not
dr i nk wi ne, and do not come near a woman, and do not t ouch a
gr ave, be war y of noct ur nal pol l ut i on, and wal k i n humi l i t y and
pr ayer , and make your pr ayer s and suppl i cat i ons l ong, and devot e
your hear t t o t he f ear of heaven, and you wi l l succeed.
Af t er t he r i t e, t ake t he oi l and be car ef ul of i t f or i t
has gr eat heal i ng power . Make a r i ng of pur i f i ed si l ver , wi t h
9
a l ar ge hol l ow space wi t hi n. Take al l t he pi eces of f oi l and
76 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
niS i s l i t er al l y "whi t e f l ower , " and i s possi bl y Gr eek
i n or i gi n. Cf . PGM XI I : 356. Possi bl y an ext r act or wi ne made
f r omt he f l ower .
IIDi^^OK f or duC av T O Q . Cf . 2: 101 and not e 36,
Second Fi r mament ( p. 52).
40 and put t hem i n t he r i ng wi t h a whi t e f l ower"' "^ and wi t h
as bes t os , and seal ( i t ) and pl ace i t on your f i nger ; t hen
no evi l eye and no evi l spi r i t wi l l come near you, and no evi l
t hi ng wi l l have domi ni on i n ( your ) house. I n t he oi l i s a
gr eat ( power of ) heal i ng t o t he si ck.
( THE SI XTH FI RMAMENT)
As f or t he si xt h f i r mament , i t s st or ehouses ar e f ul l of
honey. ' ' " Wi t hi n i s t he pl ace pr epar ed f or t he spi r i t s of t he
r i ght eous. Li ght and f i r e encompass i t and wi t hi n ar e myr i ads,
2
t housands upon t housands, and ar mi es and encampment s ( of
angel s) st andi ng i n awe and t r embl i ng. And on t he head of each
of t hemi s ( what ) appear s as a cr own of f i r e, and t hei r f i r e
has t he appear ance of gol d. The r egi ment s of t he ar my mar ch
wi t hi n ( t he si xt h f i r mament ) , and t hei r st r engt h i s l i ke an
5 i next i ngui shabl e f i r e and t hey ar e i n f ear f r omdr ead of t hei r
r ul er s. For t wo of f i cer s r ul e over t hem, one i n t he west of
t he ( si xt h) f i r mament and one i n t he east . And bef or e t he
ar mi es of spi r i t s ar e myr i ads of angel s cr eat ed f r omf l ame and
bur ni ng l i ke f i r e. Thei r bodi es ar e l i ke f i er y coal s and upon
coal s of f i r e i s t hei r st at i on. And t hey t r embl e and shake t o
3
si ng f or t h songs and pr ai ses t o t he Exal t ed One of t he
Uni ver se, who has pr epar ed t hemt o pr ai se Hi s honor and honor
Hi s pr ai se.
10 These ar e t he hol y angel s who r ul e over al l t he encampment s
of t he si xt h f i r mament . The name of t he f i r st i s PRKSY^ and t he
name of t he second i s TWQPYRS. And al l t he pr i nces of t he
encampment s ser ve bef or e t hem.
^n)n, or possi bl y "f i ne f l our . "
^Cf . Ps 68: 18.
3.
Del et i ng onn) ?, "wi t h t hem, " f ol l owi ng Ms. "l .
^3pagae ? The common anci ent spel l i ng was d ^ p a a a g .
Cf . 4: 14 and Four t h Fi r mament , not e 7 ( p. 68) .
77
78 SEPHER HA-RAZIM
1 5
20
25
These are the heads of the encampments which are in the
west of the firmament:
WYWTN DWKMS'L KRH'L 'SRY'L
BYW'L NRH'L GSQY'L GR^^YH
SRY'L MSGY'L HNY'L *WRPNY'L
'QWDW MWK'L 'LNYTK'L DM'L
'KZ'N SYR'YWM NHRY'L BHDRK
SWPRY'L SDRKYN DBWB'WR 'MLY'L
TMPNYH BHHML PRNYN 'MSTY'L
TYMNHRQ
Over these ' PRKSY, who has his camp in the west. is ruler.
These are the heads of the encampments which are in the
east of the f irmament:
GWRY'L SNY'L CZRY'L SRY'L
'LY'L MLKY'L MLMY'L SMY'L
RNHY'L 'QRY'L QSTY'L 'BRKY'L
SDRY'L SPYPY'L 'RM'T DMW'L
MRY'L ^NNY'L NYPLY'L DRMY'L
G^^SY'L MNHR'L BHNYRY'L 'PSRY'L
QL^Y'L HDRNY'L DLRY'L SCPY'L
DLGLY'L CDNNY'L THRY'L DBRY'L
HMNKY'L HNY'L TWBY'L
Over these TWQPYRS, who has his ( camp in the east of the
firmament is ruler.
If you wish to go on a journey (or) to war-^ and if you
wish to return (safely) from the war or from the journey, or
Reading iXnnbnb 1K for nont?^!?, to correspond to the clear
separation following "to return from the war or from the journey."
TRANSLATI ON 7 9
^Readi ng Q ^ i u n Di l i f or ^ l u n 1 > n n wi t h Ms. !? .
^Readi ng w m nn r\ mby)^ wi t h Mss. n and , t hus del et i ng d>n^ .
Cf . PGM I V: 170.
The lamella i s pl aced on t he t op of t he r i ng and t he engr avi ng
i s done ar ound i t .
9
Readi ng ^ n n i nst ead of txanbr^b K^m Di p nn i n
wi t h Mss. n , n , n .
""^' PRKSY and TWQPYRS.
( i f you wi sh) t o f l ee f r omt he ci t y and you want i t t o appear
t hat a l ar ge and power f ul company i s wi t h you, so t hat al l who
see you wi l l be af r ai d of you, as of one who has wi t h hi ma
mi l i t ar y escor t ar med^ wi t h swor ds and spear s and al l of t he
i mpl ement s of bat t l e, ( t hen) bef or e you depar t f r omt he ci t y or
f r omt he pl ace wher e you dwel l , pur i f y your sel f f r omal l
i mpur i t y and cl eanse your f l esh f r omal l si n and t r ansgr essi on,
30 and make your sel f an i r on r i ng and a pur e lamella of gol d and
wr i t e ( on t he lamella) dur i ng t he t hi r d day of t he mont h, ^
t he names of t he over seer s and t he names of t he heads of t he
encampment s ( bot h east and west ) , and put ( t he lamella) i n
t he r i ng, and engr ave upon t he r i ng, out si de of t he lamella
g
t he i mage of a man and a l i on. Then at t he t i me you set out
9
t o go on your way and you see t hat men ar e comi ng t o sei ze
you, t ake t he r i ng and put i t i n your mout h, and l i f t your eyes
t o heaven wi t h a pur e and cl eansed hear t and r epeat t he names
35 of t he overseers' ' "^ and t he names of t he heads of t he si xt h
heaven who ser ve bef or e t hemand say:
80 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
"^Cf. Ps 24: 8.
^^Ps 68: 18.
^^Cf . I sa 40: 23.
14
Cf . 2 Kgs 19: 35; and I sa 37: 36. Nei t her sour ce ment i ons any f i r e.
"' ^I . e. , t hose of t he mi ni st er i ng angel s and t hei r over seer s.
"^Cf. Mat t 26: 53.
""^Cf. Exod 15: 16.
I adjure you^ 0 angels of strength and might
by the strong and the mighty right hand (of the
Lord)J by the force of His might and by the power of
His rule^ by the God revealed at Mt. Sinai^ by the
myriads of His chariotsby the God whose ministers
are a thousand thousands of ten thousands^ by the
Lord who saved Israel^ all six hundred thousand^
from Egypt^ by the life of the worlds^ who spoke
to Moses face to face^ by the Lord who brings
40 princes to naught^^"^ by the Rock whose hand is
sufficient to save and to rescue^ by the One who
commanded and ignited the camp of Sennacharib^^^ by
His name and by its letters; I repeat (your names)
and adjure you that you come and stand with me^ to
aid at this time in every place that I will go. Be
seen with me as a great army^ in all your might and
with the strength of your spears^ and let all who
see mey from near or far, and all who come to fight
45 me or to seize me, be shattered before me by their
great fear of your terrible appearanceAnd let
them not be able to harm me or approach me, let fear
and terror fall upon thertr' and let fear of me fall
upon them and all the children of Adam and Eve and
upon every dangerous animal, and let them (all)
tremble and recoil from before me.
When you f i ni sh speaki ng t he adj ur at i on, you wi l l see some-
t hi ng l i ke f og and smoke bef or e you. Then t ake t he r i ng f r om
your mout h and put i t on your f i nger . And when you come t o your
house and wi sh t o r el ease ( t he angel s) , r et ur n t he r i ng t o your
50 mout h and st and f aci ng t he sun and r epeat ( t he names of t he)
angel s i n r ever se or der and t her eaf t er say:
I release you, go on your way.
Then put t he r i ng on your f i nger .
( THE SEVENTH FI RMAMENT)
The sevent h f i r mament , al l of i t i s sevenf ol d l i ght , and
f r omi t s l i ght al l t he ( seven) heavens shi ne. Wi t hi n i t i s t he
t hr one of gl or y, set on t he f our gl or i ous Hayot,^ Al so wi t hi n i t
2
ar e t he st or ehouses of l i ves, and t he st or ehouses of soul s.
Ther e i s no cal cul at i on or l i mi t t o t he gr eat l i ght wi t hi n i t ,
and t he f ul l ness of t he l i ght i l l umi nes al l t he ear t h. The
angel s ar e f i xed i n pi l l ar s of l i ght , and t hei r l i ght i s as t he
3
l i ght of t he br i l l i ant st ar and cannot be ext i ngui shed, f or
t hei r eyes ar e l i ke f l ashes of l i ght ni ng, and t hey st and upon
t he mar gi ns of ( t he di vi ne) l i ght , and gl or i f y i n f ear t he One
who si t s upon t he t hr one of gl or y. For He al one si t s i n t he
heaven of Hi s hol i ness, seeki ng out j udgment , eveni ng t he
scal es of j ust i ce; j udgi ng i n t r ut h and speaki ng i n r i ght eousness.
And bef or e Hi mt he books of f i r e ar e open
4
And f r ombef or e Hi mf l ow r i ver s of f i r e.
When He r i ses^ t he gods ar e af r ai d.
And when He r oar s t he pi l l ar s shake.
"The "l i vi ng cr eat ur es" of Ezeki el ' s vi si on. Cf . Ezek l : 5f f .
The hayot and opanim ar e par t of or equi val ent t o t he cl ass of
heavenl y bei ngs, l i ke t he cherubim i n Ezek 10, who ar e t he
suppor t s of t he heavenl y t hr one of t he dei t y.
2
" Li ves" ar e her e t hought of as ent i t i es pl aced by t he dei t y i n
al l l i vi ng t hi ngs, and causi ng t hemt o l i ve. They ar e di st i n-
gui shed f r om" soul s. " Cf . Gen 2: 7, "t he br eat h of l i ves. "
"^Thi s i s cer t ai nl y a r ef er ence t o Aphr odi t e- Venus, who has been
r ef er r ed t o pr evi ousl y. Cf . Fi r st Fi r mament , not e 44 ( p. 33) .
^Cf . Dan 7: 10.
^Possi bl y "When He l i f t s ( Hi s voi ce) . "
81
82 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
^Cf . I sa 6: 4.
^Cf . J ob 12: 22.
^Cf . Dan 2: 22.
^Cf . Ps 102: 4.
' "^Li teral l y, "cl oses of f what sur r ounds Hi m. "
' ""' Li teral l y, "t o t he f our of t hem. "
And f r omHi s voi ce t he door post s t r embl e. ^
Hi s sol di er s st and bef or e Hi m,
But t hey do not gaze upon Hi s l i keness.
10 For He i s hi dden f r omever y eye.
And none can see Hi mand l i ve.
Hi s appear ance i s hi dden f r omal l .
But no appear ance i s hi dden f r omHi m.
He uncover s deep t hi ngs f r omt he dar kness, ^
And He knows t he secr et s of obscur i t y.
For l i ght dwel l s wi t h Hi m, ^
9
And He put s on l i ght as a gar ment .
He si t s on l i ght as a t hr one.
And l i ght i s a wal l ar ound Hi m. "' "^
The Hayot and Opanim bear Hi mup.
As t hey f l y wi t h t hei r wi ngs.
They have si x wi ngs each
And t hey cover t hei r f aces wi t h t hei r wi ngs.
And t hey t ur n t hei r f aces downwar d.
15 Thei r f aces ar e t ur ned t owar d t hei r f el l ows,
And t hey do not l i f t t hei r f aces upwar ds.
Because of t hei r f ear and t hei r t er r or .
TRANSLATI ON
83
^^Cf . I sa 6: 3.
' ^Cf. J ob 23: 13.
Tr oops upon t r oops st and one above anot her bef or e Hi m,
And i mmer se t hemsel ves i n r i ver s of pur i t y.
And wr ap t hemsel ves i n gar ment s of whi t e f i r e.
And si ng wi t h humi l i t y i n a st r ong voi ce:
"Hol y Hol y Hol y i s t he Lor d of Host s,
The whol e wor l d i s f ul l of Hi s gl ory, "' ^
He i s pr i or t o al l cr eat ur es;
He was when ear t h and heaven wer e not yet .
He i s al one;
Ther e i s no st r anger wi t h Hi m.
By Hi s st r engt h He uphol ds t he heaven( s) .
And i n al l t he heavens He i s f ear ed,
20 And by al l t he angel s He i s r ever ed.
For by t he br eat h of Hi s mout h t hey wer e f or med
And t o gl or i f y Hi s power t hey wer e est abl i shed.
He ( act s) al one and who can t ur n Hi mback?"' ' ^
And i f He commands none can annul .
For He i s t he Ki ng of Ki ngs of Ki ngs,
Rul i ng over al l of t he ki ngs of t he ear t h.
And exal t ed among t he angel s of heaven.
He sear ches hear t s bef or e t hey ar e f or med.
And He knows t hought s bef or e t hey occur .
Bl essed be Hi s name
And bl essed t he gr eat ness of Hi s gl or y.
84 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
17
^Cf. 2 Sam22: 32.
^^Thi s i s a pr ose gl oss whi ch br eaks t he cont i nui t y of t he hymn.
' ^Li teral l y, "t o Hi s f ear , " i . e. , t o wor shi p and magi cal pr act i ces.
' ^Cf. J ob 9: 5.
^^Cf . Heb 1: 3.
^^Cf . Dan 7: 9.
For ages and ages.
And f or an et er ni t y of et er ni t i es.
14
For t her e i s no God apar t f r omHi m,
5 And t her e i s no God besi de Hi m.
Bl essed i s Hi s name i n each gener at i on
And bl essed i n t he heavens on hi gh.
Bl essed i s Hi s name wi t h i t s mi ght .
And bl essed i t s ment i on wi t h t he beaut y of Hi s power .
For as Hi s name so i s Hi s pr ai se as i t has been sai d ( i n
scr i pt ur e) : As i s your name, 0 God, so i s your pr ai se t o
t he ends of t he ear t h; your r i ght hand i s f ul l of
r i ght eousness.
He br i ngs t he pur e t o r ever ence Hi m, ' ' "^
And i n Hi s wr at h dr i ves away t he i mpur e.
He moves mount ai ns by Hi s mi ght and st r engt h.
They di d not know when He over t ur ned t hemi n Hi s wr at h.
He hol ds t he wor l d as a cl ust er of gr apes,
18
30 Bear i ng al l t hat was, i s, and wi l l be.
19
He i s t he Anci ent of Days,
TRANSLATI ON 85
^^Cf . Pr ov 8: 18.
^' "Cf. Ps 68: 18.
And wi t h Hi m- ar e endur i ng r i ches and r i ght eousness. ^^
Bl essed be Hi s gl or y f r omHi s habi t at i on.
And bl essed ( be He) i n t he beaut y of Hi s di gni t y.
The hear t s of t hose who f ear Hi mHe f i l l s wi t h knowl edge.
To sear ch and t o know t he power of t he f ear of Hi s name.
Bl essed be Hi s name i n t he dwel l i ng pl ace of Hi s spl endor .
And bl essed i n t he beaut y of Hi s st r engt h.
Bl essed be Hi s name i n t he st or ehouses of snow.
And bl essed i n t he r i ver s of f l ames.
Bl essed be Hi s name i n t he mi st s of br i l l i ance.
And bl essed i n t he cl ouds of gl or y.
21
35 Bl essed be Hi s name i n t he myr i ads of char i ot s.
And bl essed i n t he t housands upon t housands ( of Hi s
war r i or s) .
Bl essed be Hi s name i n t he chai ns of f i r e.
And bl essed i n t he r opes of f l ame.
Bl essed be Hi s name i n t he peal s of t hunder .
And bl essed i n t he bol t s of l i ght ni ng.
Bl essed be Hi s name i n t he mout hs of al l on ear t h.
And bl essed i n t he dept hs of t he ear t h.
Bl essed be Hi s name ami d al l t he deser t s.
And bl essed ami d t he waves of t he sea.
Bl essed be Hi s name al one on Hi s t hr one.
86 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
And bl essed i n dwel l i ng pl aces of Hi s maj est y.
Bl essed be Hi s name i n t he mout h of al l l i vi ng.
And bl essed i n t he song of ever y cr eat ur e.
AO Bl essed be t he Lor d f or ever ,
AMEN, AMEN, HALLELUJ AH.
APPENDI X 87
APPENDI X: ANGELI C LI STS
THE FI RST FI RMAMENT
And t hese ar e t he names of t he angel s of t he f i r st encampment who
ser ve t ?K^ : j f l *l 1K:
p m * i a niKKD tmx > j n o o K^ a^ i Dp T J O K '>D!7K *inK Huni > * T m n
I K ^ D D i i y n ^ A TJD D e;i?i> ^e;K nniK ri Dn IK!?^
qt?!? t?K1 )3 1l t ?K D 1 1 > t?K>INY * 11Knn H'^JK t^K^IK bHUtMl KD ^K
i t ^i AK ! 7 K n D T !7K>i D T^niD t^K^-i K ''nD^ >D^<nn ! 7 A n i riDOh^
bnbH !7K>nK>n t^K^HDK i K^ ^ n n^bn^ n j n i > nnu;K nop^ o b^OD
.t7K'>noK nay:! bnfxbn HD ^D K !?K^in
These ar e t he names of t he angel s of t he second encampment who
ser ve NIA^H:
KnnpK H^X ^flH t 7 K i m D n>OU;K n^ Di n 01010 inODK
V n n t 7 i y i i n n n ! 7K>ID !?K^flD:j ooin i i i i > i n nt^^n *i >nD II:I:IK
!7K>n^: i n !7K'>n>:iQ riAt? bxn t?K>QO'>K K*i >n Kurri A ni nera H:ibm
^'>:im bH'>'^^H n n ^ noK e;nDfl n m n t ?Kt 70i Ki i ^inK n >i D> K
i i DvyK Ki i w nD!?D^: j i j n n i n n t n Ai n inn K i i e ; i vyiiK !7KO! ?n
!?KnAT bK>An*T AIID !?K>ni Q^ plK t 7 K^ l A ^K^IJ t ^N^ nUp pIK
!?K^Dt 7K i K n i n t >K' t ?K bK'>bt\ !?nn riDt^T K>j i : i n IIJIIK ^K^IAK
n>ni KT >U110D'>K >ni TK V 11U 0K bK^!7'7K 1)30 11K QID^ KlDrT>D
bKfxbi K1AU T bK^ ni p t?K>onD ^Kn^nK KIA^T t ?K^ n i m >nA*i n
.t?K>ni*Tfl
These ar e t he names of t he angel s who ser ve bn^l i n t he t hi r d
encampment :
j i nni D t?K>niK t ?K>: i ni ^ K^ ni bD ^ K^ n i i n a !7Ke;:3iK m n i A i K
t ^K^ An i fl i yK !?Ki j rnyK n i n i K nbxnK OI^D K 01:1 >KT KD ID
KI00K IIK:IK ^KD K iinoK TIOIK t ?K' >i i K wim bn^'^r^H
Hbx^H N^n>K fDbH on^ii nnK >e;int? bK>: i on rwo^bn bH'>:ib
.bHfain bHfbH bHXft^
These ar e t he names of t he angel s who ser ve n' ^n! ?5 i n t he f our t h
encampment :
^ i f l i K !7K>!?iA t^K^niD K O O D luoK^ i i i Ji nK >Ki n*7 ^?i i n^K n n ^ K
>i n: i K i Ai n > n I>>IIK t ?K^no^ IIK> i n o - ^ i D t ^K-' i Ji i K >nnA
ci KOK i i Di D n i DOl DK^ ni i : i >:ip)?:i>; 1 01 00 IOOD ^ t ^Kn^ obK
bK^ot^n oo^t ?K ! 7 K n n o i n o n IIHD D i ^pt ?^ !?K>nKO !?KnK K:IOKDI
01 JID bKfm qoriK ^ K^ i on p i i K t?K>Dbn o i o o i p ID OIO
.!?K:i >no bHfix
These ar e t he angel s who ser ve i i n') OK i n t he f i f t h encampment :
113D t>K>aDW >T)? "j^)? Knn^ KDpn i p n ^<nnK -ijnna>De; i K i n n
s\ yiH qinviD n>Dt>n i i n m y yun^n bH'y^obn i i o Knip
nixbn K>nj :^i K-^nj^Ji na^^D m m ^ i OIO:IS!7K 1 1 0:1 ^1 ^bnir^ n i p
ni pnn!? b i A n i 110:1:31 i i o^ : i T !?KnDK nnp nn i i i n > b v m ^ i
88 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
t^K^ o m n i n Te; j K:ip>n o i n I> TD VITOKJ y n s t?TATA 'bv
t ^K^TA i ^pJK K Ti n m n :ipv IHK D ID ^3?U !7K^'T>T Kb^ni TKT>T
These ar e t he names of t he angel s who ser ve TDOi ) i n t he si xt h
encampment :
i n Di e ; n^ j j n p !7K^a:i^!? Tonoa OI:JDIJ i i a n o bK>: i TK bn^XH
o m n ^ a !?K^nnn bK> oi n bn^nsi bHfX^y bntr^y DT>n!70
K>>:iDD !?K^mp *iiK' :i Di n t^K^^no !7Ki oon DI:I:IU Kn>iNn K ^ ^ ^ T U
o^:iii3iK Kn>:3ne; !7K>:inp t^Knao t 7K^!7D^ m n i n ^K^OTK
.bHfbt}^ l i n i OTf l !?K^)on !?K>^^D oi ni Di o
These ar e t he names of t he angel s who ser ve ^Ki n i n t he sevent h
encampment :
Kino !7Kn>:in D K^T TIKK i^wnn t^Kni Tomn bH:i:ii b K n n i a
nont ? t^K^oi ^K^ n n p OD TID H bn^xby t?K^ODa t^K^onD n> un K
t?K^DD\ bHfm\ a bHMf !?K^>ITO T^IK TD K ^K^MK !7K>nt?o
t?N^DTO OaDnp KTA^ ni K DTDt^K 1 1 J1 K ^1 )3*1 0 KTI onK K^nflT
t ?Kino t?KTn i nn^T t?K>oni t^K^nAK t^K^^OTID KTITIK t^K^ITA
.bHfXX T^JOT Hbxbx
THE SECOND FI RMAMENT
Upon t he f i r st st ep st and t hese:
bK^T3i !?K>TaT !?K>yon !?K>^T t^K^^nn t^K^ToriK
Upon t he second st ep st and t hese:
O^f l ^D'^T ni Ki n KTD TK bHfpbl bHfV^Of t ?K>^^S t^K^an t ?K>TT)7
.!7K:}3y on >T) t ?K>on3 ^^K^JOK
upon t he t hi r d st ep st and t hese;
'^xybH i i n^3D oi 30 fby ^K^Di n bn^bn m^vT bKi n^
.bK>DOfl !?K>fi fl i bH^iyt bHr\ l^H bHfm:^
Upon t he f our t h st ep st and t hese:
mo n t?K>oi K K^>n3!7D !?K>33)> ^^K^TAD : }^nai K t?K>D^o t?K>TA:^
.t?K>Tn> iT>*7in ^iK^m t^K^nnD n^op^i? ^^K^nna !?K^flbK K:i nnD
Upon t he f i f t h st ep st and t hese:
.mKODo bnbHf bnt^m i KnnDO
Upon t he si xt h st ep st and t hese;
bK>y ni i i >Dno !?K>DQn bKfbr^x IITK bK^ i no bHfpbx TD >P -n n ^^K
. l i o i D !?K>3p t i p t ?K>nu t ?K>Tnn Ti n^ n bK^ np i ^
APPENDI X 89
Upon t he sevent h st ep st and t hese:
^K^nnK TiD^Dp KopTD i m K ^K^TAn !7K^TAK ^K^n n^nnD
Upon t he ei ght h, st ep st and t hese:
!?K^>*in bKf^ip !?K>ov t?K^DT:} !?Knt)? ! ?K^ 3nK t^K^pin niiiK
.Tin Tin bH^txa t^K^^nv bH^r^^ !?KD^3Tn !?K>3nTn bHf:iSi t?KiTD
Upon t he ni nt h st ep st and t hese:
^ K^ Dp l t l bKbfbt) K>3nT KTi?K t?K>n>;3 ^ K^ ^ I OTt l ^K>ODO !?K^T1T>
,!?K^nno !?KTD bHf^i KnTp bntyisi ^K^DttO
Upon t he t ent h st ep st and t hese:
TKN> qnDi? bKUp t ^Ki QTo t 7 KD^ n o ! 7KonK t?K^pne; ^ K N N ^k^tdt
. t 7Ku:IN !?K>:3Tn !7KD^ttDn ^ Knt y qfiisK p T^
upon t he el event h st ep st and t hese:
!?K^pTT bK^^TK t?K>Tp3? bH'>r]^ bHUflC^H DU^ TKO ^ KI OT !?K>TflT
Upon t he t wel f t h st ep st and t hese:
bHfSi bH)i^:i D:inbn bn^b^i^ ^k^titt ni KTnn n i K Ti >n>TODK
j ITA^ni ^K IIOD^OOTK 11001K T I D I ^ U IIJlD^^D ' >3>nDD^ !?KfiD
.M^ t ?DTK l I l ^ ^ AKn T1t )D^DD t ?KAOTD A>3D0
THE THI RD FI RMAMENT
These ar e t he names of t he angel s who ser ve !?K^3n>:
bH-y^b:! bHf:lb'^ t?K>Dno bn^^y:^ !?KnnTn ^KnTK I^K^fl^)?^;
^KhD !?KDe;Tn t^N^pn^T bK>h>n!?n t^Kn^OK t?Kn)?K t?K>TTnn
,!?K>Tn3 ^K>TODDp bHfox) bH'>nop bK:int\
These ar e t he names of t he angel s who ser ve ^K^onT:
bH'r\ py bHfinu bHfix bnsi^onb nmyu do^a >tatt ktak
^K^TDT !7K>3nn t?K^010 t>K^U;i)3 t^Klp-^fi}? >3pTK t^K^fiHIA
.t^K^niTT bK-fb-ybp t^K^TTS KTOD^ qOhK ^pT>? qoi DK
These ar e t he names of t he angel s who ser ve bH'fpbi:
bH'y^x^ bHfpb^D bKnTn !?K>t?'>n n>D^n t^K^b^K p^t ^TK t ^ K^TN
^y^bt\ t ?Ki a^nK bH'ybnxt) bK'ybn^ t 7K>n:i i ? t^K^^no t?Knp3? ^kood
.1K3A3QK ^K^TUra t?K>A3K !?K^TJK t^K-^^HOp
90 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
THE FOURTH FI RMAMENT
These ar e t he names of t he angel s t hat l ead ( t he sun) dur i ng t he day:
^Kni bKfon ^on' > !7K>pn^ n>i Kn t ^K^nDi o n i K i m n ODOKI:IK
!?Kn^iAK bH'yobn bK^^^f !?K^nn3 t^K^nn t?K' >vyTip bH^H >bsi:i
.!?K^i nD3 t?K^Kniri t?K>*ii:i !?KtK^D ! ?Km3o i^Kun!?
And t hese ar e t he names of t he angel s t hat l ead ( t he sun) dur i ng t he
ni ght :
!?Ki)3iyK !?Kne;^ bn'^r^y bmf:i:i bn^xy bn^^i^^i !7K^OID
bHiMn bKf^xii ^ K ^ i j n t 7K:i n>!7 bHfoyf^ bn^^i^ bK^H\ i) t^K^oau;
t ^Knn^ !?K^nAn ^K^ p nn t^Ki^ni t^Kin*?^ bHtyisi !?KnD bH'>nb
t^KHthT bK^m^D bH^bn t ?K^DDOK !?K' >3nn t?K^3Tyi ^K^Q^P
THE FI FTH FI RMAMENT
These ar e t he names of t he t wel ve pr i nces of gl or y of t he f i f t h
f i r mament :
!7K*ii)3 l A i n n iin^yn IIK3T>I bK^ nAi bn^siy^D
.t?K>DinK oijm3e; n t^K^DO iinAi3K xaib'y imriD
THE SI XTH FI RMAMENT
These ar e t he heads of t he encampment s whi ch ar e i n t he west of t he
f i r mament :
nfy^x bK-y^^iX bHt\ ^i !?Ki>n t?K*ie;K bKni D t ^KOwDn i n m
!?Knn ! ?KDrmt 7K t ?KDi n m p K ^K-^JDIIK bK-fun t?K^ADo t?Knu;
t ?K>^QK iiKiim !?K>i oi y Tinnn t ?K>i i i : i OI^KI^U; IKTD K
.pin:in*>n ^K>n>n3K V ^ I D !?nnn:i n^JDon
Over t hese' ODIflK , who has hi s camp i n t he west , i s r ul er .
These ar e t he heads of t he encampment s whi ch ar e i n t he east of t he
f i r mament :
bH-yn^ bKfnbri ! ?KO^ n bK-tbK bn^^v) bn^^ry t ?Kno t ? K n u
bH-M^i nwaiK t 7 K^D >D 0 bKm\y !?KOinK t7K^rn:;p bKnpK t?K^n:in
!7K>IB;DK !?Kn^:jnn !?Knh:in bn-j ^Dyx bK'^n^i bH^bfifn !?Kn:j)? bKno
!?K^*ino t ?K>:jaiv bHfbxbi ^K>D)?U; bH'>^bi bn'^a^m bn^yb^)
Over t hese OI^Dpin, who has hi s camp i n t he east of t he f i r mament , i s
r ul er .
I NDI CES
1. Anci ent Sour ces
A. Scr i pt ur e
Gen 2: 7
Exod 15: 16
Lev 21: 11
Deut 27: 8
J udg 5: 22
1 Sam20: 38
2 Sam22: 32
2 Kgs 19: 35
I sa 6: 3
6: 4
37: 36
40: 12
40: 23
47: 13
J er 32: 17
Ezek 1: 4
1: 5
10
18: 6
Amos 5: 8
Nah 1: 4
2: 5
page no.
81
80
44
17
67
65
84
80
83
82
80
42
80
73
70
42
81
81
43
17,
42
61
70
Ps 24: 8
68: 18
91: 1
93: 4
102: 4
104: 3
104: 4
104: 24
107: 33
115: 18
Pr ov 8: 18
25: 13
J ob 9: 9
9: 5
12: 22
23: 13
38: 35
Eccl 3: 2- 3
Dan 2: 22
7: 9
7: 10
8: 4
Tob 3: 7, 17
Mat t 26: 53
Heb 1: 3
page no.
80
77, 80,
85
74
68
82
70
42, 65
65
42
72
85
62
17
84
82
83
18
18
82
84
81
64
48
80
84
B. Magi cal Li t er at ur e
PGM
1: 175 41
1: 188 74
1: 264 55
1: 278 30
1: 346 72
11: 87 30
111: 108 42
111: 325 30
111: 425 33
I V: 170 79
I V: 222 26
I V: 260 30
I V: 345
I V: 1034
I V: 1480
I V: 2706
I V: 2891
I V: 2943
I V: 3122
I V: 3210
V: 41
V: 237
VI I : 199
VI I : 271
VI I : 397
34, 37
38
34, 37
46
33
49
72
26
72
30
59
59
49
91
92
SEPHER HA- RAZI M
B. Magi cal Li t er at ur e
PGM ( cont i nued)
VI I : 810
VI I : 816
VI I : 860
VI I : 915
VI I : 922
XI I : 356
page no.
46
46
46
37
46
76
XI I I : 300
XI I I : 711
XXI V: 15
XXXVI : 136
XXXVI : 232
XXXVI : 370
page no.
52
74
55
70
49
49
DMP
22: 40
25: 27
37
33
C. Ot her Anci ent Sour ces
Avodah Zar ah 3: 1
BT Ber akhot 33b
1 Enoch 72: 5
4 Ezr a 14: 39
J osephus* Ant i qui t i es
8. 2. 5, #45- 49
Li ber Razi el i s Angel i
Mai moni des' Mi shnah Tor ah
Maseket Hekhal ot h
Maaseh Ber eshi t
Pi r ke Avot h 1: 1
Sef er Razi el
Shi ur Komah
Song of Songs 1: 13,
Ar abi c t g.
Test ament of J ob 7
page no.
9, 53
69
70, 72
34
19
5
53
2
2
19
21
2
33
44
2. Non- Angel i c Pr oper Names
page no. page no.
Abr aham 19 Gr eat Bear 17
Adam 17, 70 Gr eek ki ngs.
Adamand Eve 34, 44, 45, r eckoni ng of 23
58, 80 Hagar 39
Amr am 19 Hayot 81, 82
Aphr odi t e- Venus 33, 81 Hel i os 71
Ar es 47 Her mes 38
Bar Cochba 48 I saac 19
Cher ubi m 81 I st or gon 33
Enoch 17 J acob 19
Enosh 17 J ar ed 17
Gar den of Eden 70 J oshua 19
I NDI CES 93
2. Non- Angel i c Pr oper Names ( cont i nued)
page no. page no
Kenan 17 Pl ei ades 17
Kohat h 19 t he Pr ophet s 19
Lamech 17 RamBear er - Her mes 38
Levi 19
Sages 19
Mehal l al el 17
Sennachar i b 80
Met husal eh 17
Set h 17
Moses 19, 80
Shamayi m 21, 42
Mt . Si nai 80 Shem 19
Noah 17- 19
Sodomand Gomor ah 28
Opani m 81, 82 Sol omon 19
Or i on 17
3. Names of Pr i nci pal Angel s
' BRKY' L 73 KWZZYB' 48
' WRPNY' L 21- 24 KLMYY' ( KLMY' ,
' NDGNWR 73 KLMYYH) 21, 32, , 34
*SYMWR 21, 36 KRDY 27
*SMD 48 MWR' L 73
' PRKSY 77- 79 MPNY' L 73
BW' L 21, 40 SRWKYT 27
DGHY' L 73 CWLPH 27
DYDN' WR 73 PHDRWN 73
DLQY' L 61- 62,
64- 65
PSKR
QRSTWS
21, 39
32, 34
DNHL 21, 29 RHTY' L 61, 63
HHGRYT 27 RZY' L 6, 17
WRPLY' L 21, 23- - 24 SCPY' L 73
HSNDRNWS 73 TWQPYRS 77- 79
YBNY' L 61- 62 TYGRH 21, 25
YLDNG 73 TCNBWN
TRWRGR
73
73
Pr oper t i es of Angel s
amber 54 eyes l i ke sunbeams 61
Anci ent of Days 84 f i r e 21, 43, . 45,
br eat h, l i ke f l ami ng f i r e 50 47, 52, . 54,
l i ght ni ng i ssues f r om 73 55, 61, . 62,
Br i dal char i ot of t he Sun 30, 67- - 70 63, 77
Br i l l i ant St ar , l i ke t he 81 angel s of 57, 65, , 67
br onze, hel met s 50 appear ance l i ke 21
sound of 48 books of 81
char i ot 55, 61, , 69, chai ns of 85
71, 80, , 85 cl oaked i n 65
char i ot eer 61, 64 cr owns of 73, 77
coal s, bodi es l i ke f i er y 77 har nesses of 55
col d 52, 67 hor ses of 55
dew, st or ehouses of 67 i mage of 55
di r ect i ons, f aci ng i n f our 73 pi l l ar s of 41, 42, , 67
94 SEPHER HA- RAZI M
4. Pr oper t i es of Angel s ( cont i nued)
page no.
page no.
f i r e ( cont i nued) r eed pens 56
r eed pens of 56 sea, bodi es l i ke t he 68
r i ver of 50, 67, . 81 cr ashi ng of t he 73
r ods of 47
sevenf ol d l i ght 81
spar ks of 47 snow 43
t hr one of 65, 73 st or ehouses of 85
wheel s of 61 spear 50, 79
wi ngs of 73 spi r i t s, r ul e over 54
f l ame 61, 67 of t er r or and dr ead 43
af l ame 67 st or m
48, 50
cr eat ed f r om 77 sun 30, 67, 69,
cr owns of 67
70, 72
r i ver s of 85 swor d 55, 79
r opes of 85 t hr ones of gl or y 51
f l y t hr ough t he ai r 70 t hunder 47, 61, 85
f og 43 encampment s of 61
f our di r ect i ons 53, 73 wheel s of 73
f r ost 43 t or ches 50
gar ment s, coat s of mai l 50 appear ance l i ke 61
of l i ght 82 wat er , angel s of 67
whi t e 70, 51 voi ce of 68
whi t e f i r e 83 weapons
gol d 61, 77 bow 55
hai l 43, 50 br ass hel met 50
hai l st ones 67, 50 br east pl at e 55
wr apped i n 67 coat s of mai l 50
honey, st or ehouses of 77 j avel i n 55
hor ses 55, 61 shi el d 42, 50
l i ght 82 wheel s
pi l l ar s of 81 of f l ame 61
spar ks of 53, 67 of t he heavens 71
l i ght ni ng 61, 85 of t hunder 73
appear ance of 44 wi nds 61, 67
swi f t as 48 wi ngs of 70, 82
eyes l i ke 81 wi ngs 61, 82
mi st 61, 85 of f i r e 73
moi st ur e 43
Pur poses Whi ch Angel s Can Be Made To Ser ve
t o per f or man act of heal i ng 24
t o af f l i ct an enemy 26- 28
t o pr edi ct t he f ut ur e 29- 31
t o i nf l uence opi ni ons i n one' s f avor 32- 35
t o bi nd onesel f t o t he hear t of a gr eat or weal t hy woman 35
t o speak wi t h t he moon or st ar s, quest i on a ghost or
spi r i t , or t o make , a l ove pot i on 36- 39
t o cat ch and r et ur n a f ugi t i ve 39- 40
t o i nt er pr et dr eams 41- 42
t o si l ence enemi es 44- 45
t o put t he l ove of a man i nt o t he hear t of a woman or
ar r ange f or a poor man t o mar r y a r i ch woman 45- 46
I NDI CES 95
5. Pur poses Whi ch Angel s Can Be Made To Ser ve ( cont i nued)
t o nul l i f y evi l i nt ent i ons
t o gi ve an enemy i nsomni a
t o l i ght an oven i n t he col d
t o heal a man who has had a st r oke
t o expel a danger ous ani mal or quel l a r i si ng r i ver
page no.
47- 48
49
50- 51
51- 52
or sea 53
t o dr i ve away an evi l spi r i t f r oma woman i n chi l dbi r t h 54
t o pr ot ect a man goi ng f or t h t o bat t l e 55
t o r ever se a bad cour t deci si on 56
t o r est or e t o of f i ce one who has f al l en f r omf avor 57- 58
t o cur e a headache 58- 59
t o ext i ngui sh a f i r e i n a bat hhouse 62- 63
t o wi n at hor se r aci ng 64
t o gi ve pr oof of power by f i l l i ng a house wi t h f l ame
whi ch does not bur n 64- 65
t o vi ew t he sun dur i ng t he day and ask i t t o f or et el l
t he f ut ur e 69- 70
t o vi ew t he sun at ni ght and ask i t quest i ons 70- 72
t o know i n whi ch mont h one wi l l di e or what wi l l be
i n each and ever y mont h 74- 76
t o r et ur n saf el y f r oma war or j our ney, t o cr eat e t he
appear ance t hat a mi ght y company i s wi t h one 78- 80
Magi cal Mat er i al s
page no. page no.
aqueduct 49 f oi l ( l amel l a) 34, 74
asbest os 52, 76 f r anki ncense 24, 41, , 51
ashes 44, 45 gl ass cup 38
bay l eaves 55 vessel 35, 62, , 75
bl ood 33, 34, 36, vi al 26- 28
37, 41, 43 gol d 34, 54, , 74,
br onze 77, 79
i mage 53 hear t 33
kni f e 33 hi er at i c papyr us 29
st yl us 50 honey 38, 50, , 77
t ubul ar case 55 i mage
cake 36- 38, 58 of l i on 79
cl oak 41, 47 of a man 42, 53, , 79
coal s, bur ni ng 24, 41, 65 i nk 30
cock, whi t e 36, 37 i r on
col or s, seven 59 chai n 49
copper 40, 45, l amel l a 53
53, 56 r i ng 79
cup 33, 38 l amel l a
dog, head of a bl ack 49 copper 40, 45, , 53,
ear t hen vessel 41 56
f at 59 gol d 54, 75, , 79
f l ask 30, 35, 37, i r on 53
38, 63 l ead 49
f l our 36, 57, 77 t i n 35
f l ower , whi t e 76 si l ver 48, 52, 54,
5, 64
96
SEPHER HA- RAZI M
6. Magi cal Mat er i al s ( cont i nued)
page no. page no.
l ead 49 sapphi r e st one 17
l i on si l ver
bl ood 35 l amel l a 48, 52, 54,
cub 33 55, 64
engr aved 49 r i ng 75
hear t 34 t ubul ar case 54, 59
i mage 79 spi ces 33
l i vi ng wat er 34, 36 chosen 51
musk 33 i ncense of 33, 52, 69
myr r h 24, 30, 33, spi kenar d oi l 30, 31,
41, 51 50, 55
myr t l e, t abl e 37 st af f , mar bl e 53
t wi g 38 st yr ax 33
oi l 31, 38, 51, sul phur 50, 51
55, 57, 62, t i n 35
63, 74, 75, t ubul ar case
76 br onze 55
ox, br ai n of a bl ack 59 si l ver 54, 59
per spi r at i on 35 wat er 26, 28,
pot t er y vessel s 26- 27 41, 42
r i ng 49, 80 l i vi ng 34, 36
i r on 79 wax 37, 49
si l ver 75 wi l d pl ant , r oot of 65
r oot 65 wi ne 33, 34, 38,
sal amander 62 41, 43, 46,
59, 75
7. I ncant at i on For mul ae
al phabet s, speci al 46, 48, f i r e 65
52, 63 pi l l ar of 41- 42
ani mal 41, 43 f i r st hour of ni ght 24
ast r ol ogi cal si gns 17, 37, 45 f i r st year 23
backwar ds r eci t at i on 44, 62, 65, f i sh 41, 43, 75
69, 80 f ood, i mpur e 69, 70
bar ef oot 47 f og 80
bl ood, guar d onesel f f r om75 f our
br i l l i ant st ar 33 cor ner s 28, 63
br ead of f er i ng 44 di r ect i ons 26, 28, 40
br eat h, speak under your 42 si des 54
br onze, yoke of 49 wi nds 18, 26
ci t y, i n t he mi dst of a 34- 35 gar ment s 28
at t he ent r ance of 53 whi t e 70
coal of f i r e 34 gr aves 38, 75
dead, cont act wi t h 59 hands, posi t i on of 53, 72
door st ep 28, 35, 49 head, bow t he 72
dr i nk, i mpur e 69, 70 hear t 48, 55
evi l eye 76 house, behi nd a 49
f ace 35, 38, i n a 58
41, 53 i dol 44
f eet , sol es of 35 i nt er cour se-
heel s of 53 cohabi t at i on 46, 56,
57, 75
I NDI CES 97
7. I ncant at i on For mul ae ( cont i nued)
page no. page no.
i r on, chai ns of 49 sun 30, 38, 51,
ki l l ed, pl ace of t he 39
56, 58, 80
l eper 44 sunr i se 58
l i ght ni ng 71 Sunday 41
l ove pot i on 35 t hr ee
meat 41, 46, 59, cakes 36
75 days 30, 35, 41,
nevel ah 57
58
menst r uat i ng woman 43, 59 hundr ed t i mes 33
mi dni ght 47 shekel s 69
moon 35, 36, 38,
46, 47, 58
t i mes 30, 38, 41,
42, 50
f ul l moon 57 weeks 70, 75
mout h, put t i ng r i ng i n 79- 80 year s 62
nevel ah 57 year s ol d 33
ni ght 36, 58, t omb 38
70, 75 t went y- one t i mes 33, 34, 47, 70
ni ne days 38 t went i et h of mont h 52
noct ur nal pol l ut i on 75 t went y- ni nt h of mont h 45
nor t h, f aci ng 53 vener eal di schar ge 44
pal mt r ee, f r ui t of 43 wal l 31
pr ayer s 18, 21, 75 wat er 53
r i t ual bat h 45 wi nd 26, 38
r i t ual bur i al 31 wi ne, abst i nence f r om75
r i t ual pur i f i cat i on 67 wi ndow 31
r i ver bank 41 wi t chcr af t 51
sea shor e 41
second hour of t he ni ght 24
second year 23
seven
col or s 59
days 51, 57, 69
l eaves of bay t r ee 55
ni ght s 75
pot t er y vessel s 26
shekel s 50
smoke r i si ng 65
spi r i t s 42
spr i ngs 26
t i mes 42, 44, 62,
65, 69, 74
year s 74
sevent h day 51, 69
sevent h day of mont h 26
sevent h hour of day 26
si ngsong whi mper 39
smoke, col umn of 39
r i si ng 65, 80
spi r i t s 18, 19, 38,
39, 42, 43,
54, 76
st ar s 26, 37, 38