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A Fast Re-Route Method

We present a method to fnd an alternate path, after


a link failure, from a source node to a destination node, before
the Interior Gateway Protocol (e.g., OSPF or IS-IS) has had a
chance to reconverge in response to the failure. The target
application is a small (up to tens of nodes) regional access
subnetwork of a service providers network, which is a typical
access scale encountered in practice. We illustrate the method
and prove that it will fnd a path if one exists.
EXISTING SYSTEM
The existing system describes the concept of multipath
routing from the source to root within the network. It also have
various techniques to handle data loss, delayed timing, loss of
acknowledgement . but it did not describe how the packet to
redirected once node within the path is unavailable or corrupted.
Disadvantages
1. Unsuitable for dynamic network reconfiguration.
2. Single path routing approach.
PROPOSED SYSTEM
we present a method to fnd an alternate path, after a
link failure, from a source node to a destination node. Since
reconvergence of an Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) (e.g., OSPF
or IS-IS) can take hundreds of milliseconds, there is a need for
a method that will fnd an alternate path in less time than
this. The target application is a small (up to tens of nodes)
access subnetwork of a service providers network, which is a
typical scale encountered in practice; a service provider
typically has many such small regional access networks.
Consider a source node s sending data to destination
node d. Suppose some link (i, j) on the shortest path from s to
d fails. An IGP will fnd an alternate path from s to d that
avoids (i, j) (assume such a path exists). However, IGP re-
convergence may take hundreds of milliseconds or even
seconds, and the packet loss during this time period may be
unacceptable. Fast Re-Route (FRR) methods establish a new
path from s to d in much less time than required for IGP re-
convergence.
Impementation
Implementation is the stage of the project when the
theoretical design is turned out into a working system. Thus it
can be considered to be the most critical stage in achieving a
successful new system and in giving the user, confdence that
the new system will work and be efective.
The implementation stage involves careful planning,
investigation of the existing system and its constraints on
implementation, designing of methods to achieve changeover
and evaluation of changeover methods.
P!o"em Statement#
The concept of multipath routing from the source to root
within the network. It also have various techniques to handle data
loss, delayed timing, loss of acknowledgement . but it did not
describe how the packet to redirected once node within the path is
unavailable or corrupted
S$ope#
Consider a source node s sending data to destination
node d. Suppose some link (i, j) on the shortest path from s to
d fails. An IGP will fnd an alternate path from s to d that
avoids (i, j) (assume such a path exists). However, IGP re-
convergence may take hundreds of milliseconds or even
seconds, and the packet loss during this time period may be
unacceptable. Fast Re-Route (FRR) methods establish a new
path from s to d in much less time than required for IGP re-
convergence.
A%GORIT&M#
procedure Route(s, d)
1 initialize: P = , (n) = 0 for n N , and x = s;
2 while (x _= d) {
3 LetY = {y N (x) | (y) = minn N (x)(n)};
4 Pickanyy Y for which the sum
c(x, y) + c_(y, d) is smallest;
5 Set(x) (x) + 1, P {P, x},
and send the packet and P from x to y;
6 Setx y;
7 }
MOD'%E DES(RIPTION:
Fast Reroute Method:
We now present the details of the method. Let G =
(N,A) be an undirected connected graph with node set N and
arc set A. For x N , let N(x) be the set of neighbors of x, where
a neighbor of x is a node one arc away from x. We associate
with each undirected arc (i, j) A a cost c(i, j), and require
each c(i, j) to be a positive integer. (The integer valued
restriction can always be met by approximating, to the desired
accuracy, each arc cost by an improper fraction, and then
multiplying all the fractions by the least common multiple of
the fraction denominators.) For i, j N , let c_(i, j) be the cost of
the shortest path in G between i and j. When using Route(s, d)
for fast re-route in the event of an arc failure, which is the
target application, c_(i, j) represents the shortest path cost
before the IGP has reconverged in response to the link failure.
Multipath Routing:

Multipath routing is a promising routing scheme to
accommodate these requirements by using multiple pairs of
routes between a source and a destination. Multipath routing
is the routing technique of using multiple alternative paths
through a network, which can yield a variety of benefts such
as increased bandwidth, or improved security. The multiple
paths computed might be overlapped, edge-disjointed or node-
disjointed with each other. Extensive research has been done
on multipath routing techniques.
Failure Recovery:
Techniques developed for fast recovery from single-
link failures provide more than one forwarding edge to route a
packet to a destination. Whenever the default forwarding edge
fails or a packet is received from the node attached to the
default forwarding edge for the destination, the packets are
rerouted on the backup ports. In the authors present a
framework for IP fast reroute detailing three candidate
solutions for IP fast reroute that have all gained considerable
attention. when a forwarding link on a tree fails, the packet
may be switched to the other tree.
S)stem (on*igu!ation#-
&+, S)stem (on*igu!ation#-
P!o$esso! - Pentium -III
Speed - 1.1 Ghz
RAM - 256 MB(min)
Hard Disk - 20 GB
Floppy Drive - 1.44 MB
Key Board - Standard Windows Keyboard
Mouse - Two or Three Button Mouse
Monitor - SVGA
S+, S)stem (on*igu!ation#-
Operating System :Windows XP
Front End : JAVA,RMI, SWING