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naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlcs age 1

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naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlcs age 2

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LmploymenL SLaLlsLlcs ls a secLlon under Lhe Ceneral Pousehold Survey (CPS)
Lhrough whlch Lhe unemploymenL raLes are calculaLed. 1he survey was
recenLly conducLed under Lhe Annual n8S/C8n CollaboraLlve Survey 2011. 1he
survey covers all Lhe 36 sLaLes of Lhe federaLlon and Lhe lederal CaplLal
1errlLory (lC1), Lhe LargeL populaLlon canvassed lncludes households,
esLabllshmenLs and ubllc lnsLlLuLlons. lor Lhe LsLabllshmenL survey, all
sampled esLabllshmenLs were covered ln Lwo phases. ln Lhe flrsL phase, all blg
esLabllshmenLs and some lnsLlLuLlons were covered. ln Lhe second phase,
households, oLher esLabllshmenL and lnsLlLuLlons were covered.

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1he scope of Lhe survey covered Lhe sub[ecL areas uslng 3 n8S survey
lnfrasLrucLure namely, naLlonal lnLegraLed Survey of Pouseholds, naLlonal
lnLegraLed Survey of LsLabllshmenLs and SysLem of AdmlnlsLraLlve SLaLlsLlcs.

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1he naLlonal lnLegraLed Survey of Pousehold ls Lhe sysLem for whlch all Lhe
Pousehold-8ased Surveys are conducLed ln Lhe naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlcs.
1he scope covered under Lhe nlSP lncludes: Pousehold ComposlLlon,
Pousehold AmenlLles, PealLh, LducaLlon and =-./%6-0"#. CLhers lnclude
ConLracepLlve revalence, 8lrLhs and ueaLhs ln lasL 12 monLhs, Chlld
lmmunlzaLlon and Chlld MalnuLrlLlon, Cwnershlp and Access Lo lnformaLlon
and CommunlcaLlon 1echnology (lC1), volunLary or Soclal Work (non-proflL
lnsLlLuLlons), CperaLlon of lC1 buslness ouLflL, Pouslng pro[ecL, 8emlLLances
from abroad, Crop roducLlon, LlvesLock roducLlon, oulLry keeplng, llshlng,
larmlng lnpuLs and rocesslng and SLorage laclllLles.

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nlne (9) secLors were covered under Lhe naLlonal lnLegraLed Survey of
LsLabllshmenLs. 1hese were AgrlculLure (Crop, LlvesLock, oulLry, llshlng,
PunLlng and loresLry), Mlnlng and Cuarrylng, ManufacLurlng (CemenL, Cll
8eflnlng and oLher ManufacLurlng), 8ulldlng & ConsLrucLlon, Wholesale and
naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlcs age 3

8eLall 1rade, PoLel and 8esLauranL and 1ourlsm, Crganlzed 8oad
1ransporL/SLorage, rlvaLe rofesslonal Servlces and CLher CommunlLy Soclal
and ersonal Servlces. Areas covered lnclude klnd of acLlvlLy, legal form of
ownershlp, persons engaged, pald employees, wages and salarles, descrlpLlon
of producLs, lnsLalled producLlon capaclLy, producLlon and cosL of
producLlon/operaLlon eLc.

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1he SysLem of AdmlnlsLraLlve SLaLlsLlcs cuL across esLabllshmenLs and
lnsLlLuLlons ln areas such as LducaLlon, LlecLrlclLy, Cll and Cas, PealLh, Pouslng,
ubllc AdmlnlsLraLlon, uLlllLles and CovernmenL llnance.

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1he maln lnsLrumenLs developed for Lhe collaboraLlve survey were Lhe
quesLlonnalres and lnsLrucLlon manuals. 1he lnsLrucLlon manuals were
developed Lo faclllLaLe appllcaLlon of Lhe quesLlonnalres, coverlng Lhe Lhree
n8S survey lnfrasLrucLure.
1he naLlonal lnLegraLed Survey of Pouseholds (nlSP)
Slx (6) Lypes of quesLlonnalres were developed, lncludlng Lhe Ceneral
Pousehold Survey (CPS) quesLlonnalre, Ceneral Pousehold LlsLlng and MasLer
Sample quesLlonnalre, Crop larmers, LlvesLock, oulLry and llshery
quesLlonnalres. 1he CPS quesLlonnalre used for Lhls survey ls Lhe one revlsed
along wlLh Lhe World 8ank Lo be able Lo capLure poverLy analysls lssues.
1he naLlonal lnLegraLed Survey of LsLabllshmenL (nlSL)
SevenLeen (17) Lypes of quesLlonnalres were deslgned Lo capLure Lhe relevanL
lnformaLlon canvassed from Lhe 9 secLors and sub-secLors of Lhe economy,
namely, AgrlculLure (lncludlng Crop, LlvesLock, oulLry, llshlng, and loresLry),
Mlnlng and Cuarrylng, ManufacLurlng, 8ulldlng & ConsLrucLlon, Wholesale and
8eLall 1rade, PoLel and 8esLauranL and 1ourlsm, Crganlzed 8oad
1ransporL/SLorage, 8eal LsLaLe and 8uslness Servlces, PealLh and Soclal works,
CLher CommunlLy Soclal and ersonal Servlces AcLlvlLles. Analogue
quesLlonnalres were used for collecLlng daLa on all Lhe secLors ln Lhe nlSL
module.
naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlcs age 4

1he SysLem of AdmlnlsLraLlve SLaLlsLlcs (SAS)
1wenLy llve (23) Lypes of quesLlonnalres were deslgned Lo collecL lnformaLlon
Lhrough admlnlsLraLlve records from lnsLlLuLlons and esLabllshmenLs ln soclal
and economlc secLors coverlng, LducaLlon, LlecLrlclLy, Cll and Cas, PealLh,
Pouslng, ubllc AdmlnlsLraLlon and uefense, uLlllLles, CovernmenL llnance,
eLc.

Analogue quesLlonnalres were used for all Lhe secLors and sub-secLors.

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1he mulLl-sub[ecL soclo-economlc survey employed Lhe naLlonal 8ureau of
SLaLlsLlcs (n8S) nlSP and nlSL Sample deslgns.
naLlonal lnLegraLed Survey of Pousehold Sample ueslgn
1hls Sample ueslgn conslsLs of Lhe Ceneral Pousehold Survey and Lhe naLlonal
AgrlculLural Sample Survey deslgns. 8oLh survey deslgns were derlved from Lhe
n8S 2007/12 nlSP sample deslgn. 1he 2007/12 nlSP sample deslgn ls a 2-
sLage, repllcaLed and roLaLed clusLer sample deslgn wlLh LnumeraLlon Areas
(LAs) as flrsL sLage sampllng unlLs or rlmary Sampllng unlLs (Sus), whlle
Pouseholds consLlLuLed Lhe second sLage unlLs (Secondary Sampllng unlLs).
1he households were Lhe ulLlmaLe Sampllng unlLs for Lhe mulLl-sub[ecL survey.
Cenerally, Lhe nlSP MasLer Sample ln each sLaLe ls made up of 200 LAs drawn
lnLo 20 repllcaLes. A repllcaLe conslsLs of 10 LAs. 8epllcaLes 10-13, subseLs of
Lhe MasLer Sample were sLudled for modules of Lhe nlSP.
Ceneral Pousehold Survey (CPS)
1he CPS was lmplemenLed as a nlSP module. Slx repllcaLes (10-13) were
sLudled per sLaLe lncludlng Lhe lC1. WlLh a flxed-Lake of 10 households
sysLemaLlcally selecLed per LA, 600 Pouseholds (PPs) were Lhus, selecLed for
lnLervlew per sLaLe lncludlng Lhe lC1. Pence, naLlonally, a LoLal of 22,200 PPs
were drawn from Lhe 2,220 LAs selecLed for lnLervlew for Lhe CPS. 1he
selecLed LAs and PPs wlLhln Lhem cuL across Lhe rural and urban secLors.
naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlcs age 3

rlvaLe larmers Survey
1oLal sample slze of 33,320 larmlng Pouseholds (lPPs) across all Lhe sLaLes
lncludlng lC1, were drawn from 2,220 LAs. ln each sLaLe 960 lPPs were drawn
from 60 LAs. 1he llsLlngs of households ln Lhe selecLed LAs were updaLed
before belng sLraLlfled lnLo farmlng and non-farmlng households. 1he farmlng
households were furLher sLraLlfled lnLo Crop larmlng Pouseholds (ClPPs),
LlvesLock larmlng Pouseholds (LlPPs), oulLry larmlng Pouseholds (lPPs)
and llshlng larmlng Pouseholds (llPPs). ln each LA, raLlo 3:3:3:3 were
lmposed accordlng Lo Lhe lnLenslLy and preponderance of Lhese farmlng
acLlvlLles. AL Lhe end, 16 PPs were expecLed Lo be covered ln any raLlo lf Lhe
lmposed one could noL be saLlsfled. AL each level of selecLlon, households
were sysLemaLlcally selecLed uslng dlfferenL random sLarL.
All households LhaL quallfled as farmlng households were served wlLh relevanL
prlvaLe farmers quesLlonnalres.
naLlonal lnLegraLed Survey of LsLabllshmenLs Sample ueslgn
1wo frames comprlslng of CorporaLe larms and LsLabllshmenLs employlng 10
persons and above were used. 400 corporaLe farms were canvassed. A LoLal of
4,600 esLabllshmenLs employlng 10 persons and above were canvassed for Lhe
survey. A comblnaLlon of parameLers was facLored lnLo Lhe selecLlon and
allocaLlon of esLabllshmenLs Lo Lhe secLors and sLaLes. 1he parameLers were
conLrlbuLlon of each secLor Lo Lhe Cu, number of esLabllshmenLs ln each
employmenL band by secLor and purposlve or a-prlorl knowledge of
performance of Lhe secLors Lo Lhe economy.
SysLem of AdmlnlsLraLlve SLaLlsLlcs (SAS) ueslgn
1he deslgn for Lhe SAS lnvolved compleLe coverage of Lhe llsLed
esLabllshmenLs/lnsLlLuLlons, MlnlsLrles, ueparLmenLs and Agencles. 1he SAS
operaLlon covered all relevanL MuAs aL Lhe naLlonal, SLaLe and Local
CovernmenL Area Levels.

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1he fleld work arrangemenL for Lhe survey followed Lwo approaches as
conLalned ln Lhe nlSP and nlSL survey sysLems, meanlng LhaL nlSP was
naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlcs age 6

household based whlle nlSL/SAS adopLed Lhe LsLabllshmenLs/lnsLlLuLlons
approach.
Pousehold ComponenL
ln each sLaLe, 3 Leams were used comprlslng 3 supervlsors and 12
enumeraLors. A Leam was made up of one supervlsor and four enumeraLors.
Lach Leam covered 20 LnumeraLlon Areas for a perlod of 26 days. A palr of
LnumeraLors ln a Leam covered 10 LAs. 1hls LranslaLed Lo coverlng an
LnumeraLlon Area for an average of 3 days for Lhe dlfferenL sLaLlsLlcal
operaLlons. Lach Leam moved ln a rovlng manner.

LsLabllshmenL ComponenL:
1he second approach lnvolved lodgmenL and reLrleval of nlSL and SAS
quesLlonnalres. 1he number of sLaff per sLaLe varled wlLh Lhe LoLal
esLabllshmenLs sLudled. Cn Lhe average, Len (10) offlcers covered Lhe
operaLlon ln each sLaLe.

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CuallLy ConLrol

CuallLy ConLrol measures were carrled ouL durlng Lhe survey, essenLlally Lo
ensure quallLy of daLa. 1hree levels of supervlslon were adopLed, lnvolvlng
supervlsors of Lhe Leam aL Lhe flrsL level, C8n sLaff, n8S SLaLe Cfflcers and
Zonal ConLrollers aL Lhe second level and flnally Lhe n8S/nCC PeadquarLers
sLaff consLlLuLlng Lhe Lhlrd level supervlslon.

lleld monlLorlng and quallLy check exerclses were also carrled ouL durlng Lhe
perlod of daLa collecLlon as parL of Lhe quallLy conLrol measures.

A sample of 600 household was Laken from each of Lhe 36 sLaLes and Lhe
lederal CaplLal 1errlLory (lC1). 1hls produced a naLlonal sample slze of 22,200
households of whlch over 97 percenL responded. 1he maln survey lnsLrumenL
used for capLurlng lnformaLlon on employmenL ls Lhe Ceneral Pousehold
Survey CuesLlonnalre and Lhe fleld manual whlch explalns Lhe deslgn and
deflnlLlons of Lerms and Lermlnology.

naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlcs age 7

1he survey was conducLed beLween lebruary and March 2011 and compleLed
ln !uly 2011. 1he lasL survey was conducLed ln !anuary and lebruary 2010 and
consequenLly Lhe change ln Lhe unemploymenL raLe reflecLs a dlfference of 13
monLhs beLween Lhe Lwo surveys.

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ln compuLlng Lhe unemploymenL raLe, Lhe LoLal populaLlon ls dlvlded lnLo
labour force (currenLly acLlve) and non-labour force (noL currenLly acLlve). 1he
labour force populaLlon covers persons aged 13 Lo 64 years. 1he deflnlLlon of
unemploymenL Lherefore covers persons (aged 13 - 64) who durlng Lhe
reference perlod were currenLly avallable for work, seeklng for work buL were
wlLhouL work. A person ls regard employed lf he/she ls engaged ln Lhe
producLlon of goods and servlces, Lhereby conLrlbuLlng Lo Lhe gross domesLlc
producL, ln a leglLlmaLe manner, whlch ls a componenL of Lhe naLlonal
accounLs. 1he caLegory of persons consldered noL-ln-labour-force lnclude
Lhose wlLhouL work, who are noL seeklng for work and/or are noL avallable for
work as well as Lhose below or above Lhe worklng age. Lxamples of Lhese are
full-Llme housewlves, under-aged chlldren, physlcally challenged and
lncapaclLaLed persons and such oLhers noL employable.

1here ls no sLandard deflnlLlon of unemploymenL as varlous counLrles adopL
deflnlLlons Lo sulL Lhelr local prlorlLles. 1he lnLernaLlonal Labor CrganlzaLlon
(lLC) deflnlLlon, however, covers persons (aged 13 - 64) who durlng Lhe
reference perlod (usually Lhe week precedlng Lhe survey perlod for aL leasL one
hour), were currenLly avallable for work, seeklng for work, buL were unable Lo
flnd work. 1he unemploymenL raLe (nlgerlan verslon) ls Lhe proporLlon of
Lhose who were looklng for work buL could noL flnd work for aL leasL 40 hours
durlng Lhe reference perlod Lo Lhe LoLal currenLly acLlve (labour force)
populaLlon. 1hls deflnlLlon of unemploymenL ls Lhe sLandard deflnlLlon of
unemploymenL used ln nlgerla for many years Lo compuLe Lhe unemploymenL
raLe and has been adopLed by n8S and Lhe naLlonal SLaLlsLlcs SysLem Lo
conducL labour force surveys and Lo deflne unemploymenL ln nlgerla as
raLlfled by Lhe naLlonal ConsulLaLlve CommlLLee on SLaLlsLlcs slnce 2001. lL was
agreed ln LhaL year by a Lechnlcal commlLLee lnvolvlng Lhe naLlonal 8ureau of
SLaLlsLlcs, lLC, MlnlsLry of Labor and roducLlvlLy, naLlonal lannlng
naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlcs age 8

Commlsslon, nlgerla Labor Congress, CenLral bank of nlgerla, MlnlsLry of ?ouLh
and Soclal uevelopmenL amongsL oLhers. 1he raLlonale for adopLlng such a
sLrlngenL deflnlLlon raLher Lhan Lhe sLandard slmple lLC deflnlLlon was Lo
ensure LhaL governmenL pollcy was dlrecLed Lowards provldlng full
employmenL (noL [usL underemploymenL or Lemporary employmenL) for
nlgerlans as would have been Lhe case lf nlgerla adopLed Lhe one hour a week
deflnlLlon recommended by Lhe lLC.
Analysls of employmenL daLa for Lhe pasL 3 years shows LhaL Lhe raLe of new
enLranLs lnLo Lhe labour markeL has noL been unlform ln Lhe pasL flve years.
1he raLe was on Lhe lncrease from 2007 Lo 2009 buL decllned slgnlflcanLly from
2009 Lo 2010. 1he raLe lncreased agaln from 2010 Lo 2011. WlLhln Lhe flve
year perlod Lhere has been an average of abouL 1.8 mllllon new enLranLs lnLo
Lhe acLlve labour markeL per year. 1he varlaLlon and ln parLlcular, rlse of new
enLranLs lnLo Lhe labor markeL slnce 2007 can be aLLrlbuLed Lo several lssues.
llrsLly, nlgerla has added 13 new unlverslLles, 9 polyLechnlcs, 9 colleges of
educaLlon slnce 2006.

Slmllarly, over 1.37 mllllon sLudenLs were enrolled ln unlverslLles, polyLechnlcs
and colleges of educaLlon ln 2006 and anoLher 1.98mllllon ln 2007. Clven LhaL
mosL courses are compleLed ln 4 or 3 years, many of Lhese 3.2mllllon sLudenLs
LhaL enrolled ln 2006 and 2007 wlll be enLerlng Lhe labor force ln 2010/2011.
"##$ "##% "##& "##' "#(#
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!"#$% '()*+, "- 9+:+,$% ./01+,20#0+2 ;< ;< ;< ;< ;<
!"#$% '()*+, "- =#$#+ ./01+,20#0+2 >7 >7 >8 >? >?
!"#$% '" "- @,01$#+ ./01+,20 #0+2 >; >8 >8 86 86
!"#$% '" @"%A#+BC/0 B2 ?? ?< <6 <5 <5
!"#$% '" "- D"%%+E+2 "- F:(B$#0"/ <4 37 35 35 33
!"#$% '" "- 9+:+,$% D"%%+E+ "- F:(B$#0"/ ;6 ;6 ;6 ;6 ;6
!"#$% '" "- =#$#+ D"%%+E+ "- F:(B$#0"/ 8; 8; 8> 8> 85
!"#$% '" "- @,01$#+ D"%%+E+ "- F:(B$#0"/ 6? 6< ;6 ;6 ;;
=+/0", =+B"/:$,A =BC""%2 <G465 68G867 H
I(/0", =+B"/:$,A =BC""% JK,01$#+ $/:
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@,0)$,A =BC""%2 <<G??3 4;G77< 43G?>6 43G?>6
'")$:0B ;G;88 ;G>78 ;G;34 ;45> >7?7

naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlcs age 9

1hese hlghllghLs do noL lnclude Lhe number of nlgerlans of worklng age LhaL
dropped ouL aL secondary school level for varlous reasons and enLered Lhe [ob
markeL ln Lhe rural and urban areas ouL of Lhe 21 mllllon LhaL were enrolled ln
2006 and 2007.
LnrollmenL raLes 2006-2020

AddlLlonally, n8S daLa reveals LhaL women are geLLlng marrled laLer Lhan Lhey
used Lo ln Lhe pasL. Accordlngly a slzeable number of Lhese women LhaL would
have goLLen marrlage and sLayed ouL of Lhe labor markeL by belng housewlves
are enLerlng Lhe labor markeL pendlng when Lhey geL marrled. AL Lhe same
Llme, due Lo poslLlve gender empowermenL pollcles and lmprovemenL ln
female educaLlon, women aren'L only geLLlng marrled laLer buL also, are
lncreaslngly becomlng more lnslsLenL on flnanclal lndependence and
consequenLly enLerlng Lhe labor markeL and demandlng more [obs Lhan
prevlously. lurLhermore, Lhe Clobal economlc crlsls resulLed ln a loL of [ob
losses globally and accordlngly many nlgerlans prevlously ln Lhe ulaspora have
reLurned Lo nlgerla and [olned Lhe labor MarkeL especlally from 2008 whlch
represenLed Lhe year wlLh Lhe hlghesL lncrease ln new [ob seekers. 1he global
crlsls also affecLed Lhe growLh of dlsposable lncome ln some famllles
prompLlng famllles wlLh prevlously [usL one worklng member belng forced Lo
"##$ "##% "##& "##' "#(#
)** +,-./01-2-/1 %$343"" (45#(4 &&& $$(45'6 3%%4#"' $#34#$&
7/8/09* +,-./01-2-/1 5$54#"3 $(4##%" 5664'3# 65#43"5 66'46$5
:292/ +,-./01-2-/1 "%%4#56 55&4 $(& (&%4"%' ('(43$3 "(&4&$(
;0-.92/ +,-./01-2-/1 "54535 6%4 6$' 6'4"$5 554'5# 5$4&56
<=**/>/1 =? @8AB92-=, "'#46(& 6#34 &"' 6(345"$ 65$4##$ C
;=*D2/BE,-B1 6#64('# "3&4 &%% "664#53 """4"%6 ""'4&$"
F=,=2/BE,-B1 ('4$"6 ($4 %&' (54$'# (%46"( (64"6'
)** ;0-G90D :BE==*1 ""4&$(4&&5 "(4$6"4 #%# "(4"'543(% "#4#&#4'%$ "#4$$64&#3
;AH*-B ;0-G90D :BE==*1 "(4%(%4%&' "4#5$'4 6'3 (&4'&#46'3 (&4&(&4355 ('4#5"4($%
;0-.92/ ;0-G90D :BE==*1 (4(554#'3 (4($"4 $%3 (4#((4'(5 (4"$"456" (4$"(4$6&
:/B=,890D :BE==*1 34$6%4%&6 $4##'4 &$' C C C
;AH*-B :/B=,890D :BE==*1 34#(6436( 34#$%4 %&% C C C
;0-.92/ :/B=,890D :BE==*1 $"54"3" &&#4 ('5 C C C
I=G98-B 5#&4%#3 56"4 5(( 5(345"$ 5&6433% 5&54$'5

naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlcs age 10

send oLher members of Lhe famlly, for example, prevlously housewlves lnLo
Lhe labor markeL Lo look for work Lo supplemenL household lncome.











1here ls also an lncreaslng Lrend of dlslnLeresL by Lhe emerglng younger
generaLlon ln hlghly labor-lnLenslve work such as agrlculLure and facLory work
ln preference for whlLe collar [obs, resulLlng ln many preferrlng Lo remaln ln
Lhe labor markeL raLher Lhan Lake up such [obs.

:)35/)35# %9 @)"&)"32F

1he culmlnaLlng effecL was LhaL based on Lhe deflnlLlon of unemploymenL
used, and owlng Lo facLors largely ouLslde Lhe conLrol of Lhe nlgerlan
governmenL, Lhe resulL of Lhe survey showed LhaL Lhe naLlonal unemploymenL
raLe lncreased Lo 23.9 ln 2011 compared Lo 21.1 ln 2010 and 19.7 ln 2009.
lL ls concelvable LhaL Lhe unemploymenL raLe may have been a loL worse
wlLhouL many of Lhe employmenL generaLlng pollces of governmenL whlch has
helped Lo curLall Lhe rlse compared Lo oLher counLrles ln Lhe world where raLes
have rlsen fasLer Lhan nlgerla. 1he raLe ls hlgher ln Lhe rural area (23.6) Lhan
ln Lhe urban area (17.1).1he resulL of Lhe survey shows LhaL persons aged 0-
14 years consLlLuLed 39.6, Lhose aged, beLween 13-64 (Lhe economlcally
acLlve populaLlon), consLlLuLed 36.3, whlle Lhose aged 63 years and above
consLlLuLed 4.2. Analysls of employmenL daLa for Lhe pasL 3 years shows LhaL
Lhe raLe of new enLranLs lnLo Lhe labour markeL has noL been unlform ln Lhe
pasL flve years. 1he raLe was on Lhe lncrease from 2007 Lo 2009 buL decllned
slgnlflcanLly from 2009 Lo 2010. 1he raLe lncreased agaln from 2010 Lo 2011.
naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlcs age 11

WlLhln Lhe flve-year perlod Lhere has been an average of abouL 1.8 mllllon new
enLranLs lnLo Lhe acLlve labour markeL per year.

7)30$), G%.'/,#)%"
HIIJ HIIK HIIL HIIM HINI HINN
140,431,790 144,923,607 149,363,227 134,349,230 139,288,426 164,383,636
=(%"%-)(,//6 ?(#)80 78,922,666 81,448,191 84,034,333 86,744,278 89,320,093 92,384,738
O,>%'$ @%$(0 37,433,701 39,294,283 61,191,700 63,149,833 63,170,629 67,236,090
=-./%60& 30,388,630 31,763,909 32,074,137 30,709,317 31,224,113 31,181,884
P"0-./%60& 7,067,031 7,330,374 9,117,363 12,440,317 13,946,313 16,074,203
70Q/6 P"0-./%60& 463,323 1,387,189 3,322,934 1,303,997 2,127,691





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0.3
1.0
1.3
2.0
2.3
3.0
3.3
4.0
?-2007 ?-2008 ?-2009 ?-2010 ?-2011
?
R
)
2

S
)
#
/
0

4
)
/
/
)
%
"
2

@)3'$0 HF 70Q ="#$,"#2 )"#% ?(T80 O,>%'$ @%$(0U HIIK V
HINN
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
3.0
6.0
7.0
8.0
9.0
?-2007 ?-2008 ?-2009 ?-2010 ?-2011 ?-2012 ?-2013 ?-2014 ?-2013
4
)
/
/
)
%
"
2

@)3'$0 WF 70Q ="#$,"#2 )"#% ?(T80 O,>%'$ @%$(0U G$%X0(#0& #% HINY
naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlcs age 12



Table 1: Unemployment Rate by Place of Residence (2011)

SECTOR Rate
Urban 17.1
Rural 25.6
National 23.9
naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlc, Ceneral Pousehold Survey, 2011

Table 3: Unemployment Rate by Educational Level,
Age-group, Sex and Sector (2011)
Educational Level Urban Rural Composite
Never Attended 19.0 22.8 22.4
Primary School 15.5 22.7 21.5
Modern School 14.5 27.5 24.3
VOC/COMM 34.5 27.0 28.7
JSS 16.6 36.9 33.4
SSS 'O LEVEL' 13.9 22.5 20.1
A LEVEL 34.1 29.7 31.0
NCE/OND/NURSING 17.2 22.5 20.2
BA/BSC/HND 16.8 23.8 20.2
TECH/PROF 5.0 27.9 20.6
MASTERS 3.2 8.3 5.1
DOCTORATE 11.1 7.7 9.1
OTHERS 31.3 36.1 35.5
Age Group
15-24 33.5 38.2 37.7
25-44 16.3 24.1 22.4
45-59 12.5 19.6 18.0
60-64 17.8 22.1 21.4
Sex
MALE 16.9 25.1 23.5
FEMALE 17.2 26.1 24.3
National 17.1 25.6 23.9
naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlc, Ceneral Pousehold Survey, 2011

naLlonal 8ureau of SLaLlsLlcs age 13


Z/%>,/ 1080/%.-0"#2

unemploymenL has been a ma[or problem for mosL counLrles across Lhe world.
1he uSA for example has lncreased from 3 ln 2007 Lo 9 so far ln 2011. Spaln
has lncreased from 8.6 Lo 21.32, uk from 3.3 Lo 8.1. lreland currenLly
sLands aL 14.3 from 4.8, LaLvla from 3.4 Lo 16.3, Creece from 8.07 Lo
18.4 and lLaly from 6.7 Lo 8.3. 1he average for Lhe Luro area ls 10.7.
Lven wlLhln Lhe Afrlcan conLlnenL, unemploymenL has rlsen wlLh SouLh Afrlca,
Afrlca's largesL economy havlng a hlgher raLe Lhan nlgerla aL 23, Angola aL
23, 8oLswana aL 17.3, LgypL aL 11.8, kenya aL 11.7 and namlbla aL 31.