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Citoplasma e Organela

1. D a definio de citoplasma.
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2. Quais os componentes do citoplasma?
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3. Indique a funo principal de cada organela.
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4. Qual organela esta presente no citoplasma de uma clula procariota?
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5. Quais organelas esto presentes no citoplasma de uma clula eucariota?
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6. Qual organela estaria mais desenvolvida em uma clula de intensa atividade protica?
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7. Cite trs organelas mais desenvolvidas nas clulas hepticas.
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8. Que tipo celular apresentaria uma abundncia de lisossomos?
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9. O que autlise e qual a sua relao com os lisossomos?
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10. Porque as clulas do fgado apresentam grande quantidade de peroxissomos?
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11. Quais so as clulas do corpo que apresentam intensa sntese de glicognio?


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12. Qual a organela estaria mais abundante em uma clula produtora de insulina?
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13. Qual a importncia do REL para a clula muscular?
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14. Indique uma funo importante do Retculo Endoplasmtico Rugoso (RER).
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15. Explique como ocorre a digesto intracelular.
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16. Explique porque o citoplasma da clula heptica est repleto de mitocndrias.
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17. Explique porque o citoplasma da clula heptica est repleto de REL.
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18. Quais as funes dos peroxissomos?
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19. Qual o destino das protenas sintetizadas pelos polirribossomos livres?
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20. Relacionar as colunas associando as estruturas s suas funes e/ou caractersticas.


(1) peroxissomo
(2) retculo endoplasmtico liso
(3) mitocndria
(4) ribossomo
(5) retculo endoplasmtico rugoso
(6) lisossomo
(7) polirribossomo
(8) Golgi

(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(

) principal reservatrio de clcio na clula.


) ribossomos presos fita de RNAm.
) sntese de protenas de secreo.
) Condensa, conjuga e secreta substncias.
) organela no membranosa sintetizada no nuclolo.
) sntese de ATP (energia ) para a clula.
) Participa do processo de desintoxicaro no fgado e rins.
) responsvel pela digesto intracelular.

21. Sobre as mitocndrias marque a opo INCORRETA.


( ) a nica organela que apresenta duas membranas, DNA, RNA e ribossomos
( ) as cristas mitocndrias so invaginaes da membrana interna
( ) a membrana interna das mitocndrias se assemelha membrana de clulas procariotas
( ) produz energia a partir de glicose e cido graxo
( ) sua funo sntese de lipdeos
22. Sobre os lisossomos marque a opo INCORRETA.
( ) so vesculas esfricas contendo enzimas hidrolticas
( ) so responsveis pela digesto de partculas incorporadas pelas clulas
( ) So pouco abundantes em clulas fagocitrias
( ) so responsveis pela autlise das clulas
( ) autofagossomo so lisossomos que digerem organelas ou parte do citoplasma da prpria clula
23. Sobre o complexo de Golgi marque a opo INCORRETA
( ) recebe partculas oriundas dos retculos endoplasmticos
( ) armazena, condensa, secreta e direciona substncias em vesculas
( ) promove a conjugao de molculas como glicoprotenas e lipoprotenas
( ) so pouco desenvolvidos em clulas que secretam glicoprotenas como as caliciformes
( ) secretam as vesculas de secreo, lisossomos e peroxissomos.

Citoesqueleto
1.
(
(
(
(

Marque a opo INCORRETA.


) Os microtbulos so formados pela associao de tubulinas
) mediadores qumicos so transportados at a extremidade dos neurnios pelos microtbulos.
) Durante os movimentos do citoesqueleto as miosinas atuam associadas aos microtbulos
) os centrolos so compostas por 9 trades de microtbulos

2.
(
(
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Marque a opo INCORRETA.


) os clios so sustentados por 9 pares de microtbulos perifricos e um par central.
) Nos mamferos a nica clula flagelada o espermatozide
) Clios e centrolos possuem a mesma estrutura e quantidade de microtbulos.
) clulas ciliadas esto presentes no epitlio de vias respiratrias e tuba uterina

3.
(
(
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Marque a opo INCORRETA.


) durante a contrao celular os filamentos de actina deslizam-se sobre os de miosina.
) filamentos intermedirios em tecidos diferentes so constitudos por protenas diferentes
) filamentos intermedirios possuem funo estrutural, oferecendo sustentao e resistncia clula
) na diviso celular os microtbulos so responsveis pelo diviso do citoplasma

4. Quais as funes dos microtbulos


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5. Explique a participao dos filamentos de actina na pinocitose e fagocitose
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6. Cite os componentes do citoesqueleto?
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7. Explique a participao dos microtbulos e filamentos de actina na diviso celular.
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8. Como a substncia produzida numa organela transportada at a membrana onde ser exocitada?
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Ncleo e multiplicao celular


1. Porque uma clula em intensa atividade protica apresenta o nuclolo bem desenvolvido?
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2. Uma clula humana ao sofrer mitose origina:


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

4 clulas com 46 cromossomos cada uma


4 clulas com 23 cromossomos cada uma
2 clulas com 46 cromossomos cada uma
2 clulas com 23 cromossomos cada
4 clulas com 46 cromossomos

3. Uma clula humana ao sofrer meiose origina:


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

4 clulas com 46 cromossomos cada uma


4 clulas com 23 cromossomos cada uma
2 clulas com 46 cromossomos cada uma
2 clulas com 23 cromossomos cada
4 clulas com 46 cromossomos

4. Quais as funes da mitose e da meiose?


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5. Em quais clulas ocorrem mitoses e em quais ocorrem meioses?
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6. Como se apresentam o ncleo e o nuclolo de uma clula em intensa atividade protica?
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7. Quanto tempo uma clula fica em intrfase, durante o seu ciclo?
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8. O que significa a abundncia de heterocromatina no ncleo de uma clula?
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9. D exemplos de clulas que se proliferam rapidamente e de clulas que no se proliferam.
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10. Explique o os termos: citocinese e cariocinese.


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11. Porque tecidos de proliferao intensa so os primeiros a serem lesados pela quimioterapia?
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Membrana Celular
1. Fale sobre a estrutura das membranas celulares.
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2. Explique os seguintes transportes de membrana: pinocitose, fagocitose, exocitose, osmose e difuso passiva.
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3. Explique o transporte de membrana chamado bomba de ons.
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4. Quais as adaptaes de membrana de uma clula de intensa absoro?
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5. Qual a relao de bomba de ons e clulas dos rins?


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6. Explique os transportes atravs da membrana das clulas de uma pea de carne temperada com sal?
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7. O que significa dizer que a membrana plasmtica apresenta permeabilidade seletiva?
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8. Explique o que so molculas hidroflicas, hidrofbicas e anfipticas.
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9. Explique a relao entre as clulas cancerosas e propriedade de inibio por contato.
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10. Explique por que sentimos sede quando ingerimos algo muito salgado ou muito doce?
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11. D exemplos de clulas que possuem as seguintes adaptaes: microvilosidades, estereoclios, clios e
flagelos.
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12. Explique, em relao s nossas clulas, o que so solues isotnica, hipertnica e hipotnica
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13. Qual a relao entre clulas cancerosas, desmossomos e metstase?
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14. Qual a constituio e a funo do glicoclice?
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15. Cite algumas propriedades da membrana.
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16. Explique a propriedade antignica das membranas.
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17. Explique o que fagossomo.
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18. Sobre uma clula transportadora de ons pode-se afirmar, exceto:
(
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) possuem pregas basais


) possuem microvilosidades
) so abundantes nos tbulos renais
) consomem muita energia na regio apical
) as mitocndrias se acumulam na regio basal da clula

19. sobre transporte de membrana marque a frase INCORRETA


(
(
(
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) na fagocitose ocorre evaginao da membrana para englobamento de partcula slida.


) na pinocitose ocorre invaginao da membrana para englobamento de partcula dissolvida no liquido
) tanto pinocitose quanto fagocitose so transportes atravs da membrana sem gasto de energia (passivos)
) a difuso o transporte de soluto do meio mais concentrado para o meio menos concentrado
) a osmose o transporte de solvente do meio menos concentrado par o mais concentrado

20. sobre a membrana marque a fase INCORRETA


( ) toda membrana celular lipoprotica
( ) o lipdio mais abundante nas membranas celulares o fosfolipdio.
( ) a membrana uma bicamada de protenas na qual esto inseridas as fosfolipdios
( ) molculas hidroflicas atravessam a membrana atravs das protenas transmembranas
( ) a membrana apresenta duas regies hidroflicas uma externa e outra interna e no meio a regio hidrofbica
21. So movimentos que tem a participao dos microtbulos, exceto:
( ) Fagocitose
( ) pinocitose
( ) contrao celular
( ) transporte de substncias no citoplasma
( ) citocinese
22. O transporte de membrana que ocorre com gasto de energia :
( ) difuso passiva
( ) entrada de gua na clula
( ) bomba de ons
( ) sada de gua da clula
( ) osmose
23. Sobre o transporte de membrana chamado fagocitose pode-se afirmar, exceto:
( ) um transporte ativo
( ) necessita de energia para acontecer
( ) comum em macrfagos
( ) engloba quantidade de partculas slidas
( ) ocorre invaginao de membrana
24. O transporte de membrana que ocorre sem gasto de energia :
a) ( ) fagocitose b) ( ) pinocitose c) ( ) bomba de ons d) ( ) exocitose e) ( ) osmose
25. Sobre uma clula transportadora de ons pergunta-se:
a) que tipo de transporte de membrana est envolvido
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b) adaptaes de membrana presentes nestas clulas
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c) local onde encontramos essas clulas
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