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An Inside Look

The purpose of this brochure is to help you become more familiar with the anatomy of the knee as well as understand the reasons to have, the procedure of, and the expectancies after total knee replacement surgery.

The anatomy of the knee will be explained briefly, which will lead to a brief explanation of what total knee replacement surgery is. A brief list of reasons to have total knee replacement surgery will be provided. Afterwards, the procedure of the surgery will be described in which there will be an explanation of what to expect after surgery is performed.

TOTAL

KNEE

REPLACEMENT

The Process, Reasons for Having It, & Expectations After Surgery

For more information about total knee replacements, please review the links provided below.

Total Knee Replacement

Total Knee Replacement OrthoInfo

An Inside Look The purpose of this brochure is to help you become more familiar withhttp://www.medicinenet.com/total_k nee_replacement/article.htm Total Knee Replacement OrthoInfo http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?t opic=a00389 " id="pdf-obj-0-29" src="pdf-obj-0-29.jpg">

TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT

Anatomy of the Knee, TKR Procedure, & Expectations Post-Surgery

Reasons for Having Total Knee Replacement Surgery

There are various reasons for proceeding with total knee replacement surgery; however, the most common reason is arthritis, which is the inflammation of a joint-in this case, the knee. There are three types of arthritis:

You are either given general anesthesia (you are put to sleep) or a regional nerve block anesthesia (you are awake, but numb from the waist down), and the procedure lasts between 1 to 2 hours. You will most likely be admitted to the hospital on the day of your surgery and be hospitalized for several days.

Surgical Procedure:

  • 1. The bone is prepared in which the damaged cartilage

Osteoarthritis: Age related, typically found in individuals

50 years and older; when the cartilage (flexible connective tissue located between the bones) wears away that causes the bones to rub against one another resulting in pain and stiffness. Rheumatoid arthritis: A disease in which the synovial

membrane surrounding the joint becomes inflamed and thickened; the inflammation may damage the cartilage resulting in cartilage loss, pain, and stiffness. Post-traumatic arthritis: A form of arthritis developed from a serious knee injury, which may involve the tears of ligaments or fractures of the bone surrounding the joint.

Surgery is recommended when:

  • - Pain and stiffness of the knee joint interferes with daily activities

  • - Moderate or severe pain persists while resting

  • - Inflammation does not improve with rest or medication

  • - Knee deformity severe bow-leg or knock-knee condition

Total Knee Replacement Surgery

What is total knee replacement surgery?

Total knee replacement surgery is a surgical procedure in which a

diseased or worn down knee joint is replaced with artificial material.

surfaces are removed along with a slim amount of underlying bone.

  • 2. Metal components are positioned and fitted perfectly to the shaven surfaces of the bone.

  • 3. Depending on the severity of the damage, the undersurface of the patella, or kneecap, is also shaved and resurfaced with a metal component.

  • 4. A plastic spacer is inserted between the metal components to provide a smooth gliding surface.

What is to be expected after the surgery?

It is perfectly normal for your knee to not have the same exact

range of motion after surgery; however, it should not prohibit you from performing daily activities, such as walking, running,

swimming, etc. Swelling and tenderness will also be expected post

(after) surgery

..

You will be required to go to physical therapy,

which will assist you in earning back functional range of motion to

return to daily activities.

 

Anatomy of the Knee

The knee joint is a hinge joint made up of the distal portion (lower end) of

the femur (thigh bone), the proximal portion (upper end) of tibia (shin bone) and the patella (kneecap). The sections of the bones that rest on each other are protected with articular cartilage, or a smooth surface in which movement is enabled. Shock absorbersformally known as the menisci, are C-shaped wedges located between the femur and tibia. Four liaments (snterior cruciate, posterior cruciate, medial collateral, and lateral collateral) assist in holding the femur and tibia in place as well as provide stability . The remaining surfaces are encased by a thin lining known as a synovial membrane, which release a fluid that lubricates the cartilage.

T OTAL K NEE R EPLACEMENT Anatomy of the Knee, TKR Procedure, & Expectations Post-Surgery Reasonshttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kAMuP2MNqUo#t=12 What is to be expected after the surgery? It is perfectly normal for your knee to not have the same exact range of motion after surgery; however, it should not prohibit you from performing daily activities, such as walking, running, swimming, etc. Swelling and tenderness will also be expected post (after) surgery .. You will be required to go to physical therapy, which will assist you in earning back functional range of motion to return to daily activities. Anatomy of the Knee The knee joint is a hinge joint made up of the distal portion (lower end) of the femur (thigh bone), the proximal portion (upper end) of tibia (shin bone) and the patella (kneecap). The sections of the bones that rest on each other are protected with articular cartilage, or a smooth surface in which movement is enabled. “ Shock absorbers ” formally known as the menisci, are C-shaped wedges located between the femur and tibia. Four liaments (snterior cruciate, posterior cruciate, medial collateral, and lateral collateral) assist in holding the femur and tibia in place as well as provide stability . The remaining surfaces are encased by a thin lining known as a synovial membrane, which release a fluid that lubricates the cartilage. Anatomy of the Knee Total Knee Replacement Procedure " id="pdf-obj-1-109" src="pdf-obj-1-109.jpg">

Anatomy of the Knee

T OTAL K NEE R EPLACEMENT Anatomy of the Knee, TKR Procedure, & Expectations Post-Surgery Reasonshttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kAMuP2MNqUo#t=12 What is to be expected after the surgery? It is perfectly normal for your knee to not have the same exact range of motion after surgery; however, it should not prohibit you from performing daily activities, such as walking, running, swimming, etc. Swelling and tenderness will also be expected post (after) surgery .. You will be required to go to physical therapy, which will assist you in earning back functional range of motion to return to daily activities. Anatomy of the Knee The knee joint is a hinge joint made up of the distal portion (lower end) of the femur (thigh bone), the proximal portion (upper end) of tibia (shin bone) and the patella (kneecap). The sections of the bones that rest on each other are protected with articular cartilage, or a smooth surface in which movement is enabled. “ Shock absorbers ” formally known as the menisci, are C-shaped wedges located between the femur and tibia. Four liaments (snterior cruciate, posterior cruciate, medial collateral, and lateral collateral) assist in holding the femur and tibia in place as well as provide stability . The remaining surfaces are encased by a thin lining known as a synovial membrane, which release a fluid that lubricates the cartilage. Anatomy of the Knee Total Knee Replacement Procedure " id="pdf-obj-1-114" src="pdf-obj-1-114.jpg">

Total Knee Replacement Procedure