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SEQUENCE CONTROL

(SEQUENCE TABLE)
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nd
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SEQUENCE CONTROL
(SEQUENCE TABLE)
Engineering Course
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TYPES OF SEQUENCE CONTROL BLOCKS
The following function blocks are catagorized as sequence
control blocks:
1.Sequence Table Blocks
2.Logic Chart Block
3.Sequential Function Chart Block
4.Switch Instrument Blocks
5.Sequence Element Blocks
6.Valve Monitoring Block
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TYPES OF SEQUENCE CONTROL BLOCKS (1/2)
Sequence Table Blocks
This function blocks realizes sequence control by operating other function blocks and/or
process or software I/O.
There are two basic type of Sequence Table blocks:
Sequence Table Block ST16
Rule Extension Block ST16E
On top of the basic types above, there are also other types such as


Sequence Table Block M_ST16
(Number of condition signals: 32 to 64, number of action signals: 32 to 64 / Total 96)
Rule Extension Block M_ST16


Sequence Table Block L_ST16
(Number of condition signals: 64, number of action signals: 64 / Total 128)
Rule Extension Block L_ST16
The conditions & operations are arranged in the table format & specifies which operation
is performed by the combination of conditions.
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Sequence Table block (ST16, ST16E) is a decision table type function block that describes
the relationship between input signal and output signal in a Y/N (Yes/No) fashion.
The ST16 block has a sequence control function that handles a total of 64 I/O signals and 32
rules. The I/O signals can also be redistributed in the 8-signal unit.
The rule extension block (ST16E) is used for extending the rules of ST16 block. It connects
to an ST16 block and only allows connection to a step-type ST16 block. Hence, it cannot be
used/activated independently.
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
I/O connection is set by describing
connection information & data in the
input connection information setting
area, condition setting area, output
connection information setting area &
operation specification setting area of
the sequence table.
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
When the phase step sequence table is used, the number of processes (number of steps)
may be insuficient depending on the process that is being performed.
Solution: use the rule expansion format sequence table block (ST16E) to expand the
number of rules.
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Complete Sequence Table
Configuration
Condition Signal Condition Signal
Enter the element symbol in the Tag Name Data
Item column (eg. FC002.ALRM) and condition
specification in the Data column (eg. HI).
Action Signal Action Signal
Enter the element symbol in the Tag Name Data
Item column (eg. %AN0010.PV) and action
specification in the Data column (eg. H).
Rule Number Rule Number
Up to 32 rules per block may be used. The
output is based on each rule condition and
condition testing result.
Condition Rule Condition Rule
Use Y/N pattern (in combination) to condition
rule. If the testing result of condition signal
corresponds with the Y/N pattern, the condition
is then said satisfied.
Action Rule Action Rule
Use Y/N pattern (in combination) to action rule.
If the the testing result of condition signal is
satisfied, action rule will be manipulated
according to the Y/N pattern.
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Complete Sequence Table
Configuration
Step Label Step Label
Step labels are used for phase indication when
performing step sequence control in the
Sequence Table. The labels are character strings
that combine two or less alphanumeric
characters (A to Z, 0 to 9).
Next Step Label Next Step Label
THEN
Execute the next step label when the
corresponding rule condition status is true or
satisfied & after the manipulated output is
completed.
ELSE
Execute the next step label when the
corresponding rule status is false.
Tag Name.Data Item Tag Name.Data Item
Describe the connection information of the
condition and action signal (eg. FC001.MODE,
FC001.PSW, TIMER001.OP, etc).
Data Data
Describe the specification of condition and action
signal (eg. AUT, HI, L, H, STOP, RUN, etc).
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Complete Sequence Table
Configuration
Comment Comment
Comments are defined by user to describe the meaning
of symbols & contents of status manipulation of
condition & action rules.
Processing Timing Processing Timing
There ara two processing timings:
Start/ Execution Timing
It refers to the timing at which control algorithms are
executed when receiving input signals. Select one of the
following type
- Periodic Execution (T)
- One-Shot Processing (O)
- Startup at Initial Cold Start/Restart of FCS (I)
- Restricted Initial Execution (B)
Output Timing
It indicates the condition or behaviour of action signals
in conjunction with the condition rule status change
(applicable with T & O type of Start Timing only).
Select either
- Output Only When Condition Change (C) or
- Output Each Time Conditions Are Satisfied (E)
Scan Period Scan Period
Sequence table with periodic execution type (T) is Sequence table with periodic execution type (T) is
activated at defined scan period. activated at defined scan period.
There are three types of scan periods: There are three types of scan periods:
- - Basic Scan (1 second Basic Scan (1 second fixed) fixed)
- - Medium Speed Scan ( 200 & 500 milliseconds) Medium Speed Scan ( 200 & 500 milliseconds)
50, 100, 250 milliseconds are also applicable. 50, 100, 250 milliseconds are also applicable.
- - High Speed Scan (200 & 500 milliseconds) High Speed Scan (200 & 500 milliseconds)
50, 100, 250 milliseconds are also applicable. 50, 100, 250 milliseconds are also applicable.
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Start / Execution Timing
Periodic Execution (T) Periodic Execution (T)
The periodic execution means that the sequence control block is repeatedly executed in a
preset cycle.
One One- -Shot Execution (O) Shot Execution (O)
When execution timing of a function block is defined as one-shot type, the block is executed
only when it is invoked by other function block. A one-shot function block can invoke another
one-shot function block. However, such succession is limited to seven blocks. Invocation can
only be initiated from the same FCS.
Invoking function
block
One-shot type
function block
Invocation signal
Sequence process execution
ACT.OFF
ACT.ON
Idle
Executing
One-Shot Processing Conceptual Diagram
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Start / Execution Timing
Initial Execution/Restart Execution (I) Initial Execution/Restart Execution (I)
In this execution type, the sequence block executes its process when the FCS performs a cold
start or a restart.
Restricted Initial Execution (B) Restricted Initial Execution (B)
In restricted initial execution, the sequence control block executes only when the FCS
performs a cold start, not include restart.
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Output Timing
Output Only When Conditions Are Changed (C) Output Only When Conditions Are Changed (C)
The sequence table blocks output an operation/action signal only at the timing when the
judged conditions are changed from false to true. This is applicable only with periodic
execution (T) or one-shot start (O) start timing.
Condition rule
change
Action rule
change
Action change/interuption is
possible eventhough the
conditions rule are satisfied
False
True
False
True
Output Only When Conditions Are Changed Conceptual Figure
Condition detection
(a change from false to true state)
Note Note:
However, if non-latched output is specified for the action signal, the operation changes when the
condition is switched from true to false.
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Output Timing
Output Each Time Conditions Are Satisfied (E) Output Each Time Conditions Are Satisfied (E)
The sequence table blocks output its operation/action signal every scan period as long as the
judged conditions are satisfied.
Condition rule
change
Action rule
change
Action change/interuption is
not possible as long as the
condition remains satisfied.
False
True
False
True
Output Each Time Conditions Are Satisfied Conceptual Figure
Condition detection
(false or true state)
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Execution & Output Timing Combination
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Sequence Description Example (AND Gate)
The basic logical AND gate can be configured in a Sequence Table
as follow:
In the example above, only when all conditions signals are
satisfied the action/output operation may be performed.
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Sequence Description Example (OR Gate)
The basic logical OR gate can be configured in a Sequence Table
as follow:
In the example above, when any of conditions signals is satisfied
the action/output operation may be performed.
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Operation Of Non-Step Sequence
In a non step sequence table, all 32 rules are subject to condition testing and the
output operation is performed according to the conditions.
As for condition testing, a condition is
satisfied when all conditions (Y/N) for the
same rule number are true. Rule column
that is blank is considered true
unconditionally.
Operations/actions are executed according
to the operation contents of Y/N patterned
for the rule number whose conditions are
satisfied.
When the conditions of multiple rules are
satisfied simultaneously with respect to
the same action signal, if request for both
Y/N are detected as the resultant
operations, the request for Y takes
precedence and the operation for N will
not be executed.
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Operation Of Non-Step Sequence (Example)
Here is an example of the sequence that normally
monitors operation to prevent the buffer tank in the
processing piping system from overflow. The sequence
table below monitors the conditions in rule numbers 01
to 04 simultaneously. If any condition becomes true,
the action/operation in the same rule will be executed.
The monitoring continues after the execution.
LAHH100.PV
LAH100.PV
LAL100.PV
LALL100.PV
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Operation Of Step Sequence
In a step sequence table, the process control sequence of a phase-step process is divided into the
smallest phase units (steps) on the condition monitoring and operation, then these steps are
executed one by one.
Only step label 00 and the rule corresponding to the
current step number are subject to condition testing &
operation.
Step label 00 is executed during each period & it may
only be used at the head of a sequence table group. So
it cannot be used as a next step label.
The next execution step label must be described in
THEN/ELSE part in order to advance the next step. If
both are left blank the same step is executed each time
& will not advance.
The next step specified in THEN part is the step to
advance when the condition test result is satisfied (true
state).
The next step specified in ELSE part is the step to
advance when the condition test result is unsatisfied
(false state). It will proceeds to the next step without
executing the action/operation rules.
If there are multiple requests for step transition in the
same step, the step advances to the next step label
with the smallest rule number.
The next step execution is done during the next scan
period.
Only the actions for the
rules whose conditions
are satisfied in the step
currently being executed,
are in operation.
Only the step currently
being executed is subject
to condition testing.
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Operation Of Step Sequence (Example)
Sequence Specification Sequence Specification
1. Push the start button


Valve A opens to fill the tank with water.
2. When the tank is full


Switch A becomes ON.


Valve A is closed.
3. Push the start button again (with the tank full of water)


Valve B opens to drain the tank.
4. When the tank level becomes low


Switch B becomes ON


Valve B is closed
Water injection
processing
(Step label A1)
Water drain
processing
(Step label A2)
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Operation Of Step Sequence (Example)
Water injection
processing
(Step label A1)
Water drain
processing
(Step label A2)
In the above sequence table, rules number 01 & 02 are step A1. Rules
number 03 & up are step A2. Rules number o5 and beyond do not have any
Y/N pattern for the condition rule or action rule or move-destination step
label, so they are not subject to condition testing nor action execution.
Step A1 monitors the conditions for rules number 01 & 02 simultaneously.
Whichever the condition is satisfied will be executed. Executing the action of
rule 01 does not advance the step since there is no designation in the move-
destination step label. After executing the action, A1 resumes monitoring
rules number 01& 02 again. When rule number 02 conditions become true,
the action of rule 02 is executed & the step advances to A2 as stated in the
move-destination step label.
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Number Of Condition & Action Signal
By default, sequence table ST16 has 32 condition signals and 32 action/operation signals. However,
this allocation of condition & action signal can be changed on 8-signal unit basis.
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Number Of Condition & Action Signal
Table : Combination of Condition & Action Signal Counts
Number Of Condition Signal Number Of Condition Signal Number Of Action Signal Number Of Action Signal
8 56
16 48
24 40
32 (default) 32 (default)
40 24
48 16
56 8
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Rule Extension
The number of rules in one sequence table is fixed at 32 & cannot be modified. However, if the
number of rules in a sequence table is not enough to describe one phase unit, it can be extended in
the 32-rule unit by connecting to another sequence table. The number of rules can be extended for a
step-type sequence table.
Type the tag number of the extended
sequence table in the NEXT box of
the first/extending sequence table.
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Switch Instrument Block Valve Monitoring Block (VLVM)
Timer Block (TM) Regulatory Control Blocks
Software Counter Block (CTS) Calculation Blocks
Pulse Train Input Counter Block (CTP)
Faceplate Blocks
Code Input Block (CI) SFC Blocks
Code Output Block (CO) Unit Instrument Blocks
Relational Expression Block (RL) Sequence Table Blocks
Resource Scheduler Block (RS) Logic Chart Block
Condition Signal Description (Function Blocks and I/O Data)
Function blocks that can be processed in a sequence table are shown below.
I/O data that can be processed in a sequence table are shown below.
Processing I/O (Digital Input/Output)
Software I/O (Internal Switch, Annunciator, Global Switch)
Communication I/O
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Switch Instrument & Enhanced Switch Instrument Blocks) 1/2
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Switch Instrument & Enhanced Switch Instrument Blocks) 2/2
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Timer Block [TM])
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Software Counter Block [CTS])
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Pulse Train Input [CTP])
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Code Input Block [CI])
Condition Signal Description (Code Output Block [CO])
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Relational Expression Block [RL])
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Resource Scheduler Block [RS])
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Valve Monitoring Block [VLVM])
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Regulatory Control Block) 1/4
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Regulatory Control Block) 2/4
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Regulatory Control Block) 3/4
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Regulatory Control Block) 4/4
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Calculation Block) 1/4
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Calculation Block) 2/4
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Calculation Block) 3/4
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Calculation Block) 4/4
The table lists the calculation
blocks that can be referenced
in the condition signal as one-
shot operation.
The format is:
TAGNAME.ACT.ON
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Faceplate Block)
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Sequential Function Chart Block)
The following lists the data
items of SFC block that can
describe data values in
condition specifications and
their setting ranges:
STEPNO: 1 to 99
SWCR[ 5] : 0 to 15
SWST[ 5] : 0,1
SWOP[ 5] : - 15 to 15
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Unit Supervision Block)
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Processing I/O Block)
Condition Signal Description (Global Switch)
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Software / Common Switch)
Condition Signal Description (Communication I/O)
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SEQUENCE TABLE BLOCK (ST16, ST16E)
Condition Signal Description (Annunciator Message)
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LABORATORY WORKS
Create a logic sequence from these control narratives:
Case 1 Case 1
In a cascade loop, if the process variable of the slave controller is High-
High alarm then the slave controller mode will have to switch to
CASCADE mode and the master controller mode will have to switch to
AUTO mode.
However, the operator is allowed to change the mode of slave controller
to MANUAL or AUTO mode even tough the process variable is still in
High-High alarm state.
Case 2 Case 2
In a cascade loop, if the process variable of the slave controller is High-
High alarm then the slave controller mode will have to switch to
CASCADE mode and the master controller mode will have to switch to
AUTO mode.
The control mode of the slave controller cannot be changed until the
alarm vanishes (process variable is in normal state).
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PT. Yokogawa Indonesia
Wisma Aldiron Dirgantara 2
nd
floor, suite 202-209
J l. J end. Gatot Subroto Kav.72 J akarta 12780
Phone : 021-799 0102, Fax : 021-799 0070