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Epidemiology

Traumatic injuries of anterior teeth in children and adolescents


EPI DEMI OLOGY
A considerable variation can be seen in the frequency of traumatic dental injuries, which reflects
a number of factors such as sampling criteria, age, and sex of the population.
Incidence and prevalence of dental trauma
In a cross sectional study it was determined that the incidence of trauma to the anterior
permanent teeth in 6-12 year old school children was 1.7 patients/100 children/year while
involving 2.1 teeth/ 100 children/year.
One of the best ways to eliminate the influence of age is to study prevalence of traumatic
dental injuries at different stages of development.A study from Denmark showed that
30% of children had suffered traumatic denial injuries in the primary dentition and 22%
in the permanent dentition. The incidence of injuries lo primary teeth increase from 1
year of age and most traumas involve children younger than 4 years of age. In the
permanent dentition, the most accident-prone time is between 8 and 10 years.


Epidemiology
Traumatic injuries of anterior teeth in children and adolescents
( Dent Traumatol. 2008
Oct;24(5):503-9)

Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) to permanent teeth in population-based surveys in
different regions of the world.

Region
Year
Age
group

Sample
size



percent
Place of
registration
Africa
South Africa, Hargreaves el al
Asia
Central Taiwan, Chen et at.
Thailand, Malikaew et al.

Europe
Ireland, Holland et al.

Italy, Petti & Tarsitani Sweden,
Borssen & Holm U.K.. Hamilton et
al. U.K. Rodd & Chesham U.K.,
Marcenes & Murray U.K.,
Marcenes & Murray Finland,
Perheentupa et al.

Middle East
Syria, Marcenes et al.
Israel, Sgan-Cohen et al.| Israel,
Sgan-Cohen et al. Malaysia, Nk-
Hussein
Jordan, Rajab

1995

1999
2005


1994

1996
1997
1997
1997
2001
2002
2001


1999
2000
2005
2001

11

8
11-13


16-24
25-34
6-11
16
11-14
14-15
14
14
31


9-12
10-11
9-13
16

1035

1200
2725


400
346
824
3007
2022
557
2242
411
5737


1087
1195
1195
4085

15.4

16.5
35.0


13.5
15.0
20.3
35
34.4
44.2
23.7
43.8
43.3


8.0
32
29.6
41

At school

At school
At school


Clinic/Home
clinic/Home
Dental clinic
Dental clinic
At school
Questionnaire
At school
At school
Questionnaire


At school
At school
At school
At school

Epidemiology
Traumatic injuries of anterior teeth in children and adolescents
Jordan, Hamdan & Rajab Kuwait,
Artun et al.
North America
U.SA., Kaste et al.



U.SA., Shulman & Peterson


Canada, Locker

South America
Brazil. Cortes et al.

Brazil, Marcenes et al
Brazil, Nicolau et al.
Brazil, Traebert et al.
Brazil. Traebert et al.
Brazil, Soriano et al.
2003
2003
2005

1996



2004



2005


2001

2001
2001
2003
2006
2007
7-15
12
13-14

6-20
21-50
6-50

6-20
21-50
6-50
14


9-14
12
12
13
12
12
12
2751
1878
1583

3337
4232
7569

6558
8806
15 364
3010


3702
649
652
652
307
260
1046

14.2
13.8
14.5

18.4
28.1
24.9

16.0
27.1
23.5
18.5


12.1
13.6
58.6
20.4
18.9
17.3
10.5
Pediatr. clinic
At school
At school

Dental clinic



Dental clinic


Dental clinic


At school
At school
At school
At school
At school
At school
At school










Epidemiology
Traumatic injuries of anterior teeth in children and adolescents