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Famous Things
Croissants
Pre-Reading Warm Up Questions
1. What is a traditional breakfast in your country?
2. Do you ever eat croissants?
3. Do you know what the French word croissant
means?
4. Do you know when and where the first croissants were
made?
5. Have you ever heard of puff pastry? What do you
think it is?
6. Do you know what the Turkish flag looks like?
COMPREHENSION !
A. True or False. Read the statements below. If the
statement is true, write T beside the sentence. If it is
false, write F. If it is false, correct the information.
1. Croissants originated in France.
2. The croissant is a national symbol of Turkey.
3. The recipe for croissants has not changed since the
1600s.
4. The modern croissant is lighter than the first croissants.
5. The first croissants were made to celebrate a military
victory.
Croissant is the French word for crescent. A croissant is a roll of
yeast bread or puff pastry shaped in a curve with pointed ends, like
a crescent moon.
According to a legend, croissants were first made about 1686. Some
bakers in Budapest were working at night when they heard noises
beneath them. When they investigated the noises, they found that
Turkish invaders were digging tunnels under the city walls. The
bakers sounded the alarm, the army blew up the tunnels, and the
city was saved. As a reward, the bakers were allowed to bake and
sell a special pastry to celebrate the victory over the Turks. The
pastry was shaped like a crescent moon, which is a symbol on the
Turkish flag.
Croissants were not baked in France, though, for another 200 years.
The first recipe for croissants appeared in a French cookbook in
1905. It used pounded almonds and sugar and was more like a
heavy bread or cake.
In 1906, the first recipe for the modern croissant showed up in a
French cookbook. This recipe used bread dough. A few years later, a
French baker decided to make croissants out of puff pastry, which is
a lighter, flakier dough. The dough is rolled, buttered, and then
folded in layers so that it expands when it is baked. In other words,
it puffs up. A stick of chocolate or cheese is sometimes added to the
dough before it is rolled up and baked.
Before long, the croissant was a national symbol of France, like the
Eiffel Tower. The French usually eat them at breakfast, along with
coffee and milk (caf au lait). They are also cut in half and stuffed
with meat or cheese to make a sandwich or eaten like bread with
meals.
Croissants
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B. Practice asking and answering the following questions with your partner. Then write the answers in complete sentences.
1. What is a croissant and what does the word croissant mean in French?
2. How did the bakers of Budapest help save their city from Turkish invaders?
3. Why did the Budapest bakers make a pastry shaped like a crescent?
4. When did croissants first appear in France?
5. How have croissants changed over the years?
6. What is puff pastry?
7. Why is the croissant a national symbol of France?
VOCABULARY REVIEW !
B. Choose the right word from the left column above to complete the following sentences.
1. When the fire ________________ rang, everyone ran out of the building.
2. Your chocolate cake is delicious! Can I please have the ______________. Id like to try to make it.
3. When the bomb ___________________, several soldiers were killed.
4. He received a $100 _________________ for finding the lost dog.
DISCUSS
1. The croissant has become a national
symbol of France. Name five other
countries and a particular food
associated with each one.
2. Nowadays, foods are becoming
increasingly more international. What
types of different foods have been
introduced to your country in the last
number of years?
3. Make a list of a number of different
kinds of bread products and describe
each one.
A. Match the words on the left with the correct meaning on the right.
_____ 1. crescent a) instructions for preparing food
_____ 2. yeast b) exploded
_____ 3. curve c) kind of nut
_____ 4. investigate d) appear
_____ 5. invader e) get bigger
_____ 6. tunnel f) line which has no straight part
_____ 7. alarm g) something shaped like the moon in the first quarter
_____ 8. reward h) underground passage
_____ 9. recipe i) soft mixture of flour, water, etc. for making bread
_____ 10. almond j) substance used to make bread rise
_____ 11. show up k) sound or signal to warn of danger
_____ 12. dough l) made up of small, light pieces like leaves
_____ 13. flaky m) examine; make a careful study of
_____ 14. puff up n) money or prize given for doing something
_____ 15. blew up o) someone who enters and attacks
C. Choose the word(s) with the closest meaning to the underlined words in the following sentences.
1. According to legend, croissants were first made about 1686 in Budapest.
a) books b) bakers c) an old story from the past
2. The first recipe for croissants used pounded almonds and sugar.
a) expensive b) broken into little pieces c) sweet
3. Puff pastry dough expands when it is baked.
a) becomes smaller b) becomes larger c) becomes sweeter
4. Croissants are often cut in half and stuffed with meat or cheese.
a) filled b) eaten c) sold
Famous Things
Croissants
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photocopied by members of ESL-Llibrary.com in accordance with membership terms and conditions. Contact info@esl-library.com for complete details.
ANSWER KEY
Please note: The reading for this topic is also available in full-page format at the end of the lesson (page 4).
PRE-READING QUESTIONS
1-5. Individual answer
COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS
A. True or False
1. F 2. F 3. F 4. T 5. T
B. Written Answers
1. A croissant, which is French for the word crescent, is a roll of yeast bread or puff pastry shaped in a curve with
pointed ends, like a crescent moon.
2. The bakers were working late at night and heard the sounds of invaders digging beneath them. The bakers were able to
sound the alarm, the army blew up the tunnels and the city was saved.
3. The bakers made the pastry shaped like crescent moon to resemble the symbol on the Turkish flag.
4. Croissants first appeared in France in approximately 1886.
5. Croissants were originally heavy and bread-like and are now lighter and fluffier.
6. Puff pastry is a very light and flaky dough.
7. The croissant is a national symbol of France because it is such a popular food item.
VOCABULARY REVIEW
A. Match the words
1. g 2. j 3. f 4. m 5. o 6. h 7. k 8. n
9. a 10. c 11. d 12. i 13. l 14. e 15. b
B. Choose the right word
1. alarm 2. recipe 3. blew up 4. reward
C. Choose the right word
1. c 2. b 3. b 4. a
Famous Things
Croissants
Croissants
Croissant is the French word for crescent. A croissant is a roll of yeast bread or puff pastry shaped in a curve
with pointed ends, like a crescent moon.
According to a legend, croissants were first made about 1686. Some bakers in Budapest were working at night
when they heard noises beneath them. When they investigated the noises, they found that Turkish invaders were
digging tunnels under the city walls. The bakers sounded the alarm, the army blew up the tunnels, and the city
was saved. As a reward, the bakers were allowed to bake and sell a special pastry to celebrate the victory over
the Turks. The pastry was shaped like a crescent moon, which is a symbol on the Turkish flag.
Croissants were not baked in France, though, for another 200 years. The first recipe for croissants appeared in a
French cookbook in 1905. It used pounded almonds and sugar and was more like a heavy bread or cake.
In 1906, the first recipe for the modern croissant showed up in a French cookbook. This recipe used bread
dough. A few years later, a French baker decided to make croissants out of puff pastry, which is a lighter, flakier
dough. The dough is rolled, buttered, and then folded in layers so that it expands when it is baked. In other words,
it puffs up. A stick of chocolate or cheese is sometimes added to the dough before it is rolled up and baked.
Before long, the croissant was a national symbol of France, like the Eiffel Tower. The French usually eat them at
breakfast, along with coffee and milk (caf au lait). They are also cut in half and stuffed with meat or cheese to
make a sandwich or eaten like bread with meals.
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Copyright 2009. This eBook is produced and distributed by Red River Press Inc. All rights reserved. The contents within this e-book/document may only be
photocopied by members of ESL-Llibrary.com in accordance with membership terms and conditions. Contact info@esl-library.com for complete details.
Famous Things
Croissants