Você está na página 1de 23

Coverage Capability

Comparison and Coverage


Solution
R2.0
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
LEGAL INFR!A"IN
By accepting this certain document of ZTE CORPORATION you agree to the following
terms If you do not agree to the following terms! please notice that you are not allowed
to use this document
Copyright " #$%& ZTE CORPORATION Any rights not e'pressly granted herein are
reser(ed This document contains proprietary information of ZTE CORPORATION Any
reproduction! transfer! distri)ution! use or disclosure of this document or any portion of
this document! in any form )y any means! without the prior written consent of ZTE
CORPORATION is prohi)ited
and are registered trademar*s of ZTE CORPORATION ZTE+s company
name! logo and product names referenced herein are either trademar*s or registered
trademar*s of ZTE CORPORATION Other product and company names mentioned
herein may )e trademar*s or trade names of their respecti(e owners ,ithout the prior
written consent of ZTE CORPORATION or the third party owner thereof! anyone+s access
to this document should not )e construed as granting! )y implication! estopped or
otherwise! any license or right to use any mar*s appearing in the document
The design of this product complies with re-uirements of en(ironmental protection and
personal security This product shall )e stored! used or discarded in accordance with
product manual! rele(ant contract or laws and regulations in rele(ant country
.countries/
This document is pro(ided 0as is1 and 0as a(aila)le1 Information contained in this
document is su)2ect to continuous update without further notice due to impro(ement
and update of ZTE CORPORATION+s products and technologies
#"E CR$RA"IN
Addres
s:
NO 33
4i5tech Road 6outh
6henZhen
PRChina
518057
Websit
e:
http788dms9tecomcn .Technical 6upport/
Email: T6:Aftersales;9tecomcn
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) I
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
Revision %istory
$rodu&t 'ersion (o&ument 'ersion Serial Number Reason )or Revision
&1)0 +irst publis*ed
&$)0
,odi!i-ation in Se-tion %)$)$
and Se-tion %)$).
Aut*or
(ate (o&ument 'ersion $repared by Revie+ed by Approved by
$00/00800% &1)0 1ie 2in 3u 4iyun 3u 4iyun
$011001007 &$)0 1ie 2in 3u 4iyun 3u 4iyun
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) II
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
Appli&able to, 5S, net6or7 optimi8ation engineers
$roposal, -e)ore reading t*is do&ument. you *ad better *ave t*e )ollo+ing /no+ledge and
s/ills.
SE0 1no+ledge and s/ills Re)eren&e material
1 (ull (ull
$
9
Follo+2up do&ument, A)ter reading t*is do&ument. you may need t*e )ollo+ing
in)ormation.
SE0 Re)eren&e material In)ormation
1 (ull (ull
$
9
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) III
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
About "*is (o&ument
Summary
C*apter (es&ription
1 'ppli-ation S-enarios :es-ription o! appli-ation s-enarios
$ ,aterial Colle-tion :es-ription o! material -olle-tion
9 Coverage Capability Comparison :etails o! -overage -apability -omparison
% Solution !or Coverage Capability
:i!!eren-e
Solution !or -overage -apability di!!eren-e
5 Coverage Capability valuation
Cases
Cases about -overage -apability evaluation
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) I;
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
T'<4 O+ CO(T(TS
3 Appli&ation S&enarios..................................................................................... 3
2 !aterial Colle&tion........................................................................................... 2
4 Coverage Capability Comparison...................................................................4
9)1 ZT =uipment Te-*ni-al Indi-ators))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))9
9)$ Combiner>:ivider Units and Combination ,odes)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))5
9)$)1 Types and 4osses o! Combiner>:ivider Units)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))5
9)$)$ Combination ,odes o! Combiner>:ivider Units))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))5
5 Solution )or Coverage Capability (i))eren&e.................................................6
%)1 TOC ?ZT@ A TOC ?Bisting@))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))7
%)1)1 Stati- "o6er 4evel 'dCustment ?(ot !or S:&@))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))7
%)1)$ T&1 Output "o6er 'dCustment ?+or S:&@)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))7
%)1)9 Using 4o605ain 'ntennas))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))8
%)1)% &edu-ing t*e 'ntenna Deig*t))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))8
%)1)5 &edu-ing t*e 'ntenna :o6ntilt))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))/
%)$ TOC ?ZT@ E TOC ?Bisting@))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))/
%)$)1 'dopting :ual 'ntenna0+eeder Systems ?(ot !or S:&@)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))/
%)$)$ 'dopting :ual 'ntenna0+eeder Systems ?+or S:&@))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))10
%)$)9 'dopting t*e :"CT Te-*nology ?(ot !or S:&@)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))10
%)$)% 'dCusting t*e Stati- "o6er 4evel ?(ot !or S:&@))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))11
%)$)5 'dopting t*e CO0<CCD Te-*nology)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))11
%)$). Installing &&Us>&Us on t*e To6er)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))1$
%)$)7 Using 4o604oss +eeders)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))1$
%)$)8 Using Dig*05ain 'ntennas)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))1$
%)$)/ In-reasing t*e 'ntenna :o6ntilt)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))19
%)$)10 In-reasing t*e 'ntenna Deig*t)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))19
7 Coverage Capability Evaluation Cases........................................................35
5)1 Case 1F &+ output po6er valuation <e!ore t*e S6ap in One S:& S6ap "roCe-t
))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))) 1%
5)$ Case $F Coverage S*rin7age Caused by Combiner Sele-tion :uring <TS 8000
S6ap))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))) 15
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) ;
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
3 Appli&ation S&enarios
Git* t*e !ast development o! mobile -ommuni-ationH t*e adCustment and optimi8ation o!
t*e net6or7ing stru-ture is be-oming one o! t*e important business strategies o!
operators gradually) 'nd t*enH t*e number o! net6or7 s6ap proCe-tsH *ome and abroadH
is in-reasing greatlyH and t*e range o! net6or7 s6ap is enlargedH in-luding not only t*e
edge net6or7sH but also large0s-ale metro area net6or7s ?,'(s@) T*e s6ap proCe-t is
one o! t*e 7ey 6or7s o! ZT) G*et*er t*e rules and regulations o! s6ap are per!e-t
in!luen-es t*e s6ap progress and t*e usersI satis!a-tory level dire-tly) In order to ensure
t*e *ig* e!!i-ien-y and smoot* pro-ess o! t*e s6ap proCe-tH its !lo6 and -ontent s*ould
be regulated) In t*is do-umentH -overage -apability evaluation !or t*e eBisting net6or7
be!ore t*e s6ap is des-ribed)
T*is guide is !or regulating and en*an-ing -overage -apability evaluation !or t*e eBisting
net6or7 e=uipment in t*e primary stage o! t*e s6ap proCe-tH and is =uite *elp!ul !or t*e
s6ap 6or7)
T*is do-ument mainly introdu-es t*e di!!eren-es o! t*e te-*ni-al indi-ators o! t*e
e=uipment and pur-*ased parts o! di!!erent vendors and t*e ne-essity o! eBisting
net6or7 evaluation be!ore t*e s6ap and o! -omparison a!ter s6ap) T*e des-ription *as
t6o partsF TOC ?ZT@ A TOC ?eBisting@ and TOC ?ZT@ E TOC ?eBisting@) 'nd ZT S:&
e=uipment and 8000 series e=uipment are des-ribed respe-tively in every part)
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) 1
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
2 !aterial Colle&tion
ObCe-tiveF
To -ommuni-ate 6it* t*e -ustomerH -olle-t t*e e=uipment in!ormationH engineering
parameters o! t*e original net6or7H and radio parameters be!ore t*e s6apH and -*e-7
and analy8e t*e original data)
Gor7 ContentsF
'-=uiring data materials in-luding t*e engineering parameters o! original net6or7H
e=uipment in!ormationH -ombiner lossH to6er ampli!ier lossH and ele-tri-al map
'-=uiring t*e radio parameters o! t*e original net6or7 and :T0log be!ore s6ap
Combing t*e engineering parameters and radio parametersH and preparing data !or
-overage -apability -omparison
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) $
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
4 Coverage Capability Comparison
ObCe-tiveF
To -ompare and analy8e &+ output po6er be!ore and a!ter t*e s6ap a--ording to t*e
e=uipment indi-ators o! t*e eBisting net6or7 and t*at o! ZT to avoid -overage
s*rin7age a!ter s6ap)
Gor7 ContentsF
5etting t*e t*eoreti-al &+ output po6er o! t*e eBisting net6or7 a--ording to t*e
T&1 output po6erH -ombination modes and lossH to6er ampli!ier types and lossH
and <TS sensitivity o! t*e eBisting e=uipment and stati- output po6er level o! radio
parameters
5etting t*e t*eoreti-al &+ output po6er a!ter t*e s6ap a--ording to t*e T&1 po6erH
-ombination modes and lossH to6er ampli!ier types and lossH and <TS sensitivity o!
ZT e=uipment
Comparing t*e &+ output po6er o! t*e eBisting net6or7 measured by a po6er
meter and t*at -al-ulated t*eoreti-ally in t*e engineering survey be!ore t*e s6ap
Comparing t*e results o! t*e a-tual test and t*eoreti-al -al-ulation o! t*e &+ output
po6er !or ZT test <TSH and veri!ying t*e e!!e-tiveness o! t*e stati- po6er level
value
Note,
1 I! t*e eBternal -ombiner is e=uipped a!ter t*e s6apH t*e eBternal -ombiner loss
s*ould be -onsidered in t*e &+ output po6er -al-ulation)
$ I! t*e to6er ampli!ier is e=uippedH in!ormation about its types and loss s*ould be
a-=uiredH and t*e to6er ampli!ier loss s*ould be -onsidered in t*e &+ output po6er)
4.3 #"E E8uipment "e&*ni&al Indi&ators
<TS transmitting po6er J S:&
E8uipment
"ype
"9 $:ER
Remar/s
5,SK ?;oi-eH
CS1LCS%H
,CS1L,CS%@
80"SK
?,CS5L,CS/@
&U0$ %5 G $8 G T*is e=uipment is appli-able
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) 9
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
E8uipment
"ype
"9 $:ER
Remar/s
5,SK ?;oi-eH
CS1LCS%H
,CS1L,CS%@
80"SK
?,CS5L,CS/@
6*en t*e number o! T&1s in
ea-* -ell is less t*an %)G*en
t*ere are more t*an t6o
T&1sH signals *ave to go
t*roug* a -ombinerH 6*i-*
-auses a loss o! 9 d<)
:"CT>::T>+G:&>I&C is
supported) :ual0density T&1
is used)
&U.0 .0 G %0 G
T*e &+ po6er is related to
t*e number o! logi-al T&1s
-on!igured on ea-* &&U)
T*is e=uipment supports
::T>+G:&>I&CH but does
not support :"CT) ,ultiple0
density T&1 is used)
&88.0 .0 G %0 G
T*e &+ po6er is related to
t*e number o! logi-al T&1s
-on!igured on ea-* &&U)
One opti-al !iber supports
t*e -as-ading -onne-tion o!
up to 5 &&UsH and t*e
-apa-ity o! $% T&1s) T*is
e=uipment supports
::T>+G:&>I&CH but does
not support :"CT) ,ultiple0
density T&1 is used)
<TS transmitting po6er J 8000 series
E8uipment
"ype
"9 $:ER
Remar/s
5,SK ?;oi-eH
CS1LCS%H
,CS1L,CS%@
80"SK
?,CS5L,CS/@
<8018 .0 G %0 G
T*e &+ po6er is related to
t*e T&1 -on!iguration o! t*e
-ellH -ombiner sele-tionH and
ne6 antennas)
:"CT>::T>+G:&>I&C is
supported) :ual0density T&1
is used)
<811$ .0 G %0 G
T*e &+ po6er is related to
t*e T&1 -on!iguration o! t*e
-ellH -ombiner sele-tionH and
ne6 antennas)
:"CT>::T>+G:&>I&C is
supported) :ual0density T&1
is used)
,8$0$ 90 G ?ra-70top@ 1/ G ?ra-70 T*ere is no -ombiner ?neit*er
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) %
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
E8uipment
"ype
"9 $:ER
Remar/s
5,SK ?;oi-eH
CS1LCS%H
,CS1L,CS%@
80"SK
?,CS5L,CS/@
top@
built0in nor eBternal@ in
,8$0$H and t*e &+ output
po6er 7eeps being 90G
?5,SK@>1/6 ?"SK@) ,8$0$
does not support :"CTH but
supports ::T>+G:&>I&C)
:ual0density T&1 is used)
,8$0. 90 G ?ra-70top@
18 G ?ra-70
top@
,8$0. *as eBternal
-ombiner CUH and CU
loss s*ould be -onsidered
6*en -ombination is
ne-essary) :uring :"CTH t*e
obCe-tive o! introdu-ing CU
is !or po6er -ombination in
CU and p*ase -*e-7 in
C,< inside t*e T&1) 't t*is
timeH CU loss s*ould not be
-al-ulated) ,8$0. supports
:"CT>::T>I&C>+G:&)
:ual0density T&1 is used)
4.2 Combiner;(ivider <nits and Combination !odes
4.2.3 "ypes and Losses o) Combiner;(ivider <nits
Combiner
=GS!>00?
Loss =d-?
Combiner
=GS!3@00?
Loss =d-?
C:U5 %)% C:U: %).
CU5 9)5 CU: 9).
C(5 5)9 C(: 5)5
,C:U5 %)% ,C:U: %).
C:U5 1 C:U: 1
CU 9)5 CU 9)5
4.2.2 Combination !odes o) Combiner;(ivider <nits
C:U ?<y pass@
C:U M C(U
C:U
C:U M CU
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) 5
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
C:U ?<y pass@ M C(U
CU:
,C:U
C:U M CU M C(U
CU
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) .
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
5 Solution )or Coverage Capability
(i))eren&e
5.3 "C =#"E? A "C =EBisting?
5.3.3 Stati& $o+er Level AdCustment =Not )or S(R?
T*e engineer s*ould ma7e t*e &+ output po6er o! ZT e=ual to or be -lose to t*at o!
t*e eBisting net6or7 t*roug* adCusting t*e stati- po6er level) <e-ause t*e minimal step
lengt* o! t*e stati- po6er level o! some vendors is 0)$ d<H but t*at o! ZT is $ d<H t*e
TOC o! ZT -annot be eBa-tly e=ual to t*e TOC o! ot*er vendors t*roug* parameter
adCustment) I! t*e t6o values are -lose to ea-* ot*erH t*e engineer -an use a po6er
meter to measure t*e a-tual po6er and ma7e some analysis and evaluation in :T or
engineering survey be!ore t*e s6ap) UsuallyH 6e ensure t*at t*e &+ output po6er o!
ZT net6or7 is not 6ea7er t*an t*at o! t*e eBisting net6or7) '!ter t*e s6apH t*e engineer
-an ma7e mi-ro adCustment a!ter <TS -ongestion analysis) Do6everH !or t*e dense
urban areasH &+ output po6er o! ZT net6or7 -an be a little bit 6ea7er t*an t*at o!
eBisting net6or7H and t*e engineer -an ma7e mi-ro adCustment on t*e basis o! :T
analysis a!ter s6ap)
'dvantagesF
T*roug* parameter adCustmentH t*e &+ output po6er a!ter s6ap -an be -onsistent
to t*at be!ore s6ap)
:isadvantagesF
T*e intensity o! in0dept* -overage 6ill be 6ea7enedH 6*i-* 6ill in!luen-e t*e
usersI per-eption)
G*en t*e value o! t*e parameter is largeH t*e a-tual value 6ill be smaller t*an
t*e t*eoreti-al one)
5.3.2 "R9 utput $o+er AdCustment =For S(R?
+or S:&0&U.0H t*e a-tual T&1 output po6er -an be adCusted ?10H 1$H 15H $0H 90H .0@
6it*in t*e maBimum T&1 output po6er ?.0 G@) I! t*e &+ output po6er a!ter t*e s6ap is
not -onsistent to t*at be!ore t*e s6ap t*roug* stati- po6er level adCustmentH t*e
engineer -an try to adCust T&1 output po6er)
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) 7
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
5.3.4 <sing Lo+2Gain Antennas
Using lo60gain antenna -an ensure t*e -overage range -onsisten-y be!ore and a!ter t*e
s6ap) '-tuallyH !rom t*e primary stage to t*e mature stageH -ell splitting 7eeps
*appening in t*e net6or7H and t*e site spa-ing be-omes narro6er) In order to avoid t*e
internal inter!eren-e and overs*ootingH lo60gain antenna -an be used as an e!!e-tive
met*od)
'dvantagesF
Coverage range -an be -ontrolled e!!e-tivelyH and in0dept* -overage -an be
ensured)
"roblems li7e t*e internal inter!eren-e and overs*ooting -aused by -ell
splitting -an be solved)
:isadvantagesF
T*e !easibility is still to be evaluatedH 6*i-* is related to t*e delivery -y-le and
-ost o! antenna)
:uring lo60gain antenna repla-ingH t*e engineer s*ould a-=uire t*e operatorIs
approval !irstlyH and <TS po6er 6ill be o!! and t*e <TS 6ill be out o! servi-e)
T*e engineering 6or7load is *eavy and t*e operation period is longH so t*is
operation eBerts -ertain in!luen-es on t*e net6or7)
5.3.5 Redu&ing t*e Antenna %eig*t
T*e engineer -an ensure t*e -overage -onsisten-y be!ore and a!ter t*e s6ap by
redu-ing t*e antenna *eig*t) T*e to6er0top lo-ation s*ould be !iBed a--ording to t*e
engineering survey on site)
'dvantagesF
Coverage range -an be -ontrolled e!!e-tivelyH and in0dept* -overage -an be
ensured)
T*e pro-ess !rom t*e primary stage o! net6or7 building to t*e mature stage o!
net6or7H 6it* t*e !ast development o! t*e -ityH is t*e evolution o! &U0AU)
&edu-ing antenna *eig*t -an -ontrol t*e inter!eren-e in t*e net6or7 and
en*an-e t*e net6or7 =uality)
:isadvantagesF
T*e !easibility is still to be evaluated) T*e problem o! to6er spa-e in-reases
t*e di!!i-ulty level o! t*e engineering implementation)
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) 8
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
5.3.7 Redu&ing t*e Antenna (o+ntilt
In order to ensure t*e net6or7 -overage a!ter t*e s6apH t*e &+ output po6er s*ould be
stronger t*an t*at o! t*e eBisting net6or7) 'nd t*en t*e best met*od is to redu-e t*e
antenna do6ntilt and ensure in0dept* -overage) '--ording to t*e a-tual :T test and
analysis a!ter t*e s6apH t*e engineer -an use Kat*rein antenna do6ntilt -al-ulation tool
to adCust Cluster area -overage to ensure t*at t*ere is no overs*ooting 6*en t*e
-onse-utive -overage is guaranteed) T*is met*od -an redu-e t*e net6or7 inter!eren-e
greatly)
'dvantagesF
T*is operation -an guarantee t*e -overage as 6ell as in0dept* -overage)
T*is met*od is t*e best substitute !or stati- po6er level adCustment in t*e
s6ap proCe-t)
Capa-ity eBpansion is al6ays ne-essary a!ter t*e s6ap ?T*e eBpansion
in-luding ne6 sites building@H and antenna do6ntilt minimi8ing is one e!!e-tive
met*od to suppress overs*ooting and inter!eren-e)
:isadvantagesF
It is ne-essary to ma7e adCustmentH re!erential per!orman-e statisti-s and :T
analysis in t*e engineering optimi8ation a!ter t*e s6ap) T*e engineering
6or7load is *eavy and t*e operation period is longH 6*i-* eBerts -ertain
in!luen-es on t*e net6or7)
5.2 "C =#"E? D "C =EBisting?
5.2.3 Adopting (ual Antenna2Feeder Systems =Not )or S(R?
I! t*e -apa-ity s*ould be -*anged !rom %T&1s to 5N8 T&1sH it is ne-essary to add
level 1 -ombiner unit) <asi-allyH all t*e vendors 6ill *ave t*e problem o! -overage
s*rin7age -aused by t*e &+ output po6er redu-tion) T*is problem -an be avoided i! dual
antenna !eeder systems are used and t*e -ombiner unit is not added)
'dvantagesF
ven i! a single -ell is eBpanded by % T&1sH t*e -overage -an still be
guaranteed)
's t*e in-rease o! t*e user numberH t*e dual antenna0!eeder system
eBpansion be-omes -onvenientH and -overage s*rin7age 6ill not *appen)
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) /
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
:isadvantagesF
It is ne-essary to add one antenna !eeder system and t*e spa-e !or
installationH pole number and relative -omponents o! t*e to6er s*ould be
-onsidered)
5.2.2 Adopting (ual Antenna2Feeder Systems =For S(R?
I! t*e -apa-ity s*ould be eBpanded to more t*an $ &&UsH it is ne-essary to add t*e
eBternal -ombiner unit) <asi-allyH all t*e vendors 6ill *ave t*e problem o! -overage
s*rin7age -aused by &+ output po6er redu-tion) T*is problem -an be avoided i! dual
antenna !eeder systems are used and t*e eBternal -ombiner unit is not added)
'dvantagesF
's t*e in-rease o! t*e user numberH t*e dual antenna !eeder system
eBpansion be-omes -onvenientH and t*e -overage s*rin7age 6ill not *appen)
:4 dual0antenna transmission brings $)5 d< spa-e diversity gainsH and t*e :4
transmission po6er -an be in-reased by $)5 d< on t*e basis o! po6er
mat-*ing)
:isadvantagesF
It is ne-essary to add one antenna !eeder systemH and t*e spa-e !or
installation pole number and relative -omponents o! t*e to6er s*ould be
-onsidered)
Note,
+or s6ap and eBpansion proCe-tsH t*e engineering re-onstru-tion 6ill be made a--ording
to t*e !inal -on!iguration a!ter eBpansion in t*e s6ap stage) Do6everH be-ause o! agile
on0site operationH maybe t*e s6ap is -ondu-ted in t*e ratio o! 1F1H and t*enH t*e
eBpansion is -ondu-ted) I! S:& dual antenna !eeder systems are ne-essary a!ter t*e
!inal eBpansionH and one antenna is used a!ter t*e s6ap on t*e ratio o! 1F1H t*e se-ond
used antenna a!ter eBpansion 6ill bring $)5 d< spa-e diversity gainsH and po6er
remat-*ing is ne-essary) &edu-ing t*e po6er 6ill bring about :4 gain)
5.2.4 Adopting t*e ($C" "e&*nology =Not )or S(R?
In order to meet t*e -ustomerIs re=uirement o! 6ide -overageH :"CT te-*nology is
adopted in $T&1>1-ell !or =uali!ied -overage)
'dvantagesF
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) 10
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
Git* $)5 d< :4 gain broug*t by internal -ombination dedu-tedH t*e dual0T&1
Coint transmission -an satis!y t*e -ustomerIs re=uirement o! 6ide -overage)
:isadvantagesF
T*e p*ysi-al -on!iguration is $ times o! t*e a-tual -apa-ityH and t*e -apa-ity is
sa-ri!i-ed !or -overage)
+or t*e -ells 6it* less t*an t6o T&1s and t*e -ells 6it* less t*an . T&1sH
:"CT is re-ommendedO !or -ells 6it* more t*an $ T&1sH :"CT is not
re-ommended)
5.2.5 AdCusting t*e Stati& $o+er Level =Not )or S(R?
I! t*e &+ output po6er o! eBisting net6or7 is stronger t*en t*at a!ter t*e s6ap ?6it*in M
1)5 d<@H t*e engineer -an adCust t*e stati- po6er level to improve t*e &+ output po6er
a!ter t*e s6ap)
'dvantagesF
T*e engineer -an adopt some temporary and eBtreme met*ods to improve t*e
&+ output po6er to guarantee t*e -overage)
:isadvantagesF
T*e po6er -onsumption 6ill be in-reasedH and t*e e=uipment li!e time 6ill be
impa-ted)
5.2.7 Adopting t*e C2-CC% "e&*nology
In some spe-ial s-enarios su-* as dense urban areasH t*ere are big tra!!i- groups near
t*e <TSH and site -on!iguration is large) +or <TS ;9 6it* 5L. T&1sH t*e met*od o! %
T&1s -onne-ting to CU M C:UH and 1L$ T&1s -onne-ting to C:U -an be adopted ?I!
t*e -ell *as 1 T&1H t*e signal 6ill go t*roug* bypass -ombiner@) +or S:& <TSH t*e
met*od o! T&1 po6er setting -an be adopted) G*at is moreH t*e a-tual -overage o!
eBisting net6or7 and di!!eren-e value o! po6ers o! inner and outer -ir-les s*ould be
evaluatedH and t*e <CCD T&1 &+ output po6er o! -o0<CCD s*ould be -onsistent to
t*at o! t*e eBisting net6or7)
'dvantagesF
T*e ,S *andover -an be -ondu-ted bet6een sub-ellsH and t*e tra!!i- in t*e
*ot areas near t*e <TS -an be absorbed greatly) I! t*e tra!!i- is -entrali8ed
near t*e <TSH t*e -apa-ity -an be improved obviously)
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) 11
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
T*e !re=uen-y multipleBing rate o! (o)$ sub-ell is in-reasedH and t*e
!re=uen-ies used in t*is -ell -an also be used in adCa-ent -ells)
It is unne-essary to -*ange t*e net6or7 stru-tureH and t*ere is no spe-ial
re=uirement on t*e *ard6are o! t*e system)
:isadvantagesF
T*e evaluation !or s-enarios s*ould be meti-ulousH and outer -ir-le
-ongestion may *appen)
+or t*e net6or7 6it* good tra!!i- balan-eH t*e -apa-ity may be in-reased a
little or even redu-ed)
5.2.E Installing RR<s;R<s on t*e "o+er
Installing &&U>&U on t*e to6er -an avoid !eeder loss and -overage s*rin7age a!ter
s6ap and eBpansion)
'dvantagesF
T*e !eeder loss -an be redu-ed and -overage -an be improved e!!e-tively)
:isadvantagesF
Installing &&Us>&Us on t*e to6er adds t*e di!!i-ulty and -ost to t*e
engineering maintenan-e)
:uring t*e pro-ess o! installing &&Us>&Us on t*e to6erH t*e engineer s*ould
a-=uire t*e operatorIs approval !irstlyH and <TS po6er 6ill be o!! and t*e <TS
6ill be out o! servi-e) T*e engineering 6or7load is *eavy and t*e operation
period is longH so t*is operation eBerts -ertain in!luen-es on t*e net6or7)
5.2.6 <sing Lo+2Loss Feeders
Using lo60loss !eeders -an redu-e t*e !eeder loss and avoid t*e -overage s*rin7age
be!ore and a!ter s6ap)
'dvantagesF
T*e !eeder loss -an be redu-ed and -overage -an be improved e!!e-tively)
:isadvantagesF
T*e !eeder 6it* lo6 loss -osts mu-*)
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) 1$
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
:uring t*e operationH t*e engineer s*ould a-=uire t*e operatorIs approval
!irstlyH and <TS po6er 6ill be do6n and t*e <TS 6ill be out o! servi-e) T*e
engineering 6or7load is *eavy and t*e operation period is longH so t*is
operation eBerts -ertain in!luen-es on t*e net6or7)
5.2.@ <sing %ig*2Gain Antennas
Using *ig*0gain antennas -an guarantee t*e -overage a!ter t*e s6ap)
'dvantagesF
T*e <TS -overage -apability -an be en*an-edH and t*e -overage s*rin7age
-an be avoided be!ore and a!ter t*e s6ap)
:isadvantagesF
T*e !easibility is still to be evaluatedH 6*i-* is related to t*e delivery -y-le and
-ost o! antennas)
:uring t*e operationH t*e engineer s*ould a-=uire t*e operatorIs approval
!irstlyH and <TS po6er 6ill be o!! and t*e <TS 6ill be out o! servi-e) T*e
engineering 6or7load is *eavy and t*e operation period is longH so t*is
operation eBerts -ertain in!luen-es on t*e net6or7)
5.2.> In&reasing t*e Antenna (o+ntilt
+or antennas 6it* t*e ele-tri-al do6ntiltH t*e engineer -an in-rease t*e do6ntilt properly
i! ne-essary to improve t*e distan-e and -apability o! -overage)
'dvantagesF
T*e -overage radius o! t*e -ell s*ould be -onsistent to t*at be!ore t*e s6ap)
:isadvantagesF
It is ne-essary to ma7e adCustment a--ording to t*e per!orman-e statisti-s
and :T analysis in engineering optimi8ation a!ter t*e s6ap) T*e engineering
6or7load is *eavy and t*e operation period is longH 6*i-* eBerts -ertain
in!luen-es on t*e net6or7)
5.2.30 In&reasing t*e Antenna %eig*t
I! t*e -overage o! t*e eBisting net6or7 be!ore t*e s6ap -annot be a-*ieved a!ter all t*e
met*ods *ave been triedH t*e engineer -an try to in-rease t*e antenna *eig*t) T*e
prere=uisite is t*at t*e antenna o! t*e eBisting net6or7 is not at t*e maBimum *eig*t)
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) 19
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
'dvantagesF
T*e engineer -an improve t*e -overage -apability 6it* eBtreme met*ods)
:isadvantagesF
T*e !easibility is still to be evaluated) T*e problem o! to6er spa-e in-reases
t*e di!!i-ulty level o! t*e engineering implementation)
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) 1%
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
7 Coverage Capability Evaluation Cases
7.3 Case 3, RF output po+er Evaluation -e)ore t*e
S+ap in ne S(R S+ap $roCe&t
"roCe-t <a-7groundF
One transnational operator pur-*ased t*e $5 net6or7 o! anot*er -ountryH and t*e
bidding !or t*e s6ap and eBpansion o! t*e $5 net6or7 started) T*e pre0sale bidding time
6as longH and t*e bidding and implementation 6ere in di!!erent -ountries) T*e S:&
?&U0$P&U.0@ e=uipment 6as adopted in t*is proCe-tH and t*e e=uipment model
sele-tion 6as planned by t*e operator)
ImplementationF
'!ter learning t*e proCe-t -ondition on site and evaluating t*e &+ output po6er o! t*e
e=uipment o! t*e eBisting net6or7 and ZT e=uipmentH t*e a!ter0sales net6or7 planning
and optimi8ation group !ound t*at most <TSs -annot a-*ieve t*e &+ output po6er o!
eBisting net6or7 a!ter t*e s6ap) 'nd t*ey learned t*at most o! operatorIs <TSs did not
ma7e transmission 6it* !ull po6erH and set t*e stati- po6er level at ba-7ground) '!ter
a-=uiring t*e relevant data !rom t*e operator and ma7ing t*e evaluation againH t*ey -an
ma7e t*e &+ output po6er a!ter t*e s6ap -onsistent to t*at o! t*e eBisting net6or7 and
guarantee t*e -overage)
'!ter t*e s6ap parameter planning is -ompletedH ZT engineer !ound t*at t*e &+ output
po6er a!ter t*e s6ap 6as not -onsistent to t*at o! eBisting net6or7) T*e step lengt* o!
stati- po6er level o! eBisting net6or7 e=uipment 6as 0)$ d<H but t*at o! ZT e=uipment
6as $ d<H and t*e a-tual test result o! t*e &+ output po6er o! t*e eBisting net6or7 and
ZT net6or7 6ere nearly t*e same 6it* t*e t*eoreti-al -al-ulation result) ZT engineer
analy8ed t*e :T04O5 againH and de-ided to ma7e t*e &+ output po6er o! t*e <TSs in
rural area une=ual to t*at o! eBisting net6or7 being a little bit stronger t*an t*at o! t*e
eBisting net6or7H and t*e &+ output po6er o! t*e <TSs in urban area being a little bit
6ea7er t*an t*at o! t*e eBisting net6or7) '!ter t*e s6apH ZT engineer -ondu-ted
engineering optimi8ationH and improve t*e po6er o! some <TSs by redu-ing t*e antenna
do6ntiltH and ensure t*e in0dept* -overage in t*e -ondition o! -onse-utive -overage
guaranteedH and overs*ooting avoided)
SummaryF
In t*e initial stage o! t*e proCe-tH t*e -ustomerIs real demands and t*eir reasons s*ould
be -learly learned) :uring implementationH data -olle-tion s*ould be -ompleteH data
-on!iguration be!ore t*e s6ap s*ould be prepared) T*e data -on!iguration related to
net6or7 -overage must be -ompre*ensive and a--urate)
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) 15
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
7.2 Case 2, Coverage S*rin/age Caused by
Combiner Sele&tion (uring -"S @000 S+ap
"roCe-t <a-7groundF
In t*e eBisting net6or7H (S(Is 5S,/00 <TSs and 5S,1800 <TSs 6ere usedH t*e T&1
output po6er o! t*e 5S,/00 net6or7 6as %0 GH and 5S,1800 <TSs 6it* 7 or 8 T&1s
in one -ell used dual antennas and level 1 %0in01 -ombiner) In e=uipment type sele-tion
planH 5S,/00 s6ap used .0 G T&1 output po6erH and 5S,1800 <TS 6it* 7 or 8 T&1s
in one -ell -ombiner used (C:U M (CU level $ -ombination mode in t*e s6ap)
ImplementationF
T*e ZT a!ter0sales net6or7 planning and optimi8ation group did not evaluate t*e &+
output po6er a!ter arriving at t*e site) +or a 5S,/00 <TSH be-ause t*e &+ output po6er
a!ter s6ap 6as stronger t*an t*at o! t*e eBisting net6or7H t*e -ongestion and
overs*ooting 6ere =uite serious) +or a 5S,1800 <TS 6it* large -on!igurationH be-ause
o! level $ -ombinationH t*e &+ output po6er a!ter t*e s6ap is 6ea7er t*an t*at o!
eBisting net6or7H and number o! idle -ells in-reased) T*ere 6ere $ antennas !or ea-*
-ell in t*e eBisting net6or7H so one antenna 6as idle) :uring engineering optimi8ationH it
6as *ard to distinguis* 6*i-* antenna !eeder system 6as at 6or7 in antenna !eeder
system adCustment)
T*e net6or7 planning engineers !ound t*e &+ output po6er stronger t*an t*at o! t*e
eBisting net6or7 on timeH and redu-ed t*e antenna do6ntilt a--ording to t*e evaluation
and :T result) +or t*e 5S,1800 <TSs 6it* 7 or 8 T&1s in one -ellH it 6as suggested to
-on!igure (C:U to ma7e t*e signal pass t*e level 1 -ombiner) '--ording to t*e
mar7eting solutionH t*e &+ output po6er s*ould be 8)1 d<H and a--ording to net6or7
planning solutionH it s*ould be %). d<) T*e spe-i!i- plan is s*o6n as !ollo6s)
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) 1.
Coverage Capability Comparison and Coverage Solution Internal Use Only
In t*is solutionH t*e signal 6ill pass t*e level $ -ombinerH and (C:U M (CU Q %). M 9)5
Q 8)1 d<)
,ar7eting solutionF
In t*is solutionH t*e signal 6ill pass t*e level 1 -ombinerH and (C:U Q %). d<)
(et6or7 planning solution
SummaryF
T*e produ-t sele-tion 6as not -onsidered meti-ulouslyH and t*en t*ere 6as no ba-7up
(C:U) T*ere!ore t*e net6or7 planning solution -ould not be implementedH 6*i-* led to
-ongestion in 5S,/00 <TS and idle status in 5S,1800 <TS)
ZT Con!idential "roprietary # $01% ZT CO&"O&'TIO() 'll rig*ts reserved) 17