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A

SUMMER TRANING REPORT


ON
SAFETY MEASURES
(SUBMITTED IN THE PARTIAL FULFILLMENT FOR THE DEGREE
OF
BACHELOR OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

(SESSION 2013-14)

SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY:
KURUKSHETRA UNIVERSITY NIDHANT
KURUKSHETRA B.B.A. III YEAR
CLASS ROLL No. 7628
UNIVERSITY ROLL No.....

I.B.(P.G.) COLLEGE PANIPAT
AFFILIATED BY KURUKSHETRA UNIVERSITY KURUKSHETRA



DECLARATION

I NISHANT student of B.B.A. III year in I.B.(P.G.) College, Panipat
hereby declare that the project report entitled SAFETY MEASURES
submitted for the degree of B.B.A. III year is my original work and the
project report has not formed the basis for the award of any diploma,
degree, associate ship, fellowship or similar other titles. It has not been
submitted to any other university or institution for the award of any
degree or diploma.





PRINCIPAL SIGNATURE NISHANT









ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Survey is an excellent tool for learning and exploration. No classroom routine can
substitute which is possible while working in real situations. Application of
theoretical knowledge to practical situations is the bonanzas of this survey.
Without a proper combination of inspection and perspiration, its not easy to
achieve anything. There is always a sense of gratitude, which we express to others
for the help and the needy services they render during the different phases of our
lives. I too would like to do it as I really wish to express my gratitude toward all
those who have been helpful to me directly or indirectly during the development of
this project.
I would like to thank my professor MISS.NISHA GUPTA who was always there
to help and guide me when I needed help. Her perceptive criticism kept me
working to make this project more full proof. I am thankful to her for his
encouraging and valuable support. Working under her was an extremely
knowledgeable and enriching experience for me. I am very thankful to her for all
the value addition and enhancement done to me.
No words can adequately express my overriding debt of gratitude to my parents
whose support helps me in all the way. Above all I shall thank my friends who
constantly encouraged and blessed me so as to enable me to do this work
successfully.



NISHANT





CHAPTERS
.




1.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE REPORT


1.2 PROFILE OF THE ORGANIZATION

About Organization
History of Unipatch
vision & Operations
Management
Manufacturing facility
Products


Awards

Site map


1.3 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM


1.4 HYPOTHESIS


1.5 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES


1.6
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY




Research Design


Descriptive Research design


Sources of data


Sampling technique


Tools for data analysis






1.7 LIMITATIONS OF RESEARCH



2

CONCEPTUAL BACKGROUND


2.1
Review of literature

2.2 Concepts & Definitions



3

DATA PRESENTATION AND
INTERPRETATION



4

FINDINGS & SUGGESTIONS AND
CONCLUSION
76-79



4.1 Major findings


4.2 Conclusion of findings


4.3 Suggestions and recommendation


Bibliography


























EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Labor sector addresses multi-dimensional socio-economic aspects affecting labor welfare,
productivity, living standards of labor force and social security. To raise living standards of the
work force and achieve higher productivity, skill upgradation through suitable training is of
utmost importance. Manpower development to provide adequate labor force of appropriate skills
and quality to different sectors is essential for rapid socioeconomic development. Employment
generation in all the productive sectors is one of the basic objectives. In this context, efforts are
being made for providing the environment for self-employment both in urban and rural areas.
During the Ninth Plan period, elimination of undesirable practices such as child labor, bonded
labour, and aspects such as ensuring workers safety and social security, looking after labour
welfare and providing of the necessary support measures for sorting out problems relating to
employment of both men and women workers in different sectors has received priority attention.
The improvement of safety, health and working conditions depends ultimately upon people
working together, whether governments, employers or workers. Safety management involves the
functions of planning, identifying problem areas, coordinating, controlling and directing the
safety activities at the work site, all aimed at the prevention of accidents and ill health (figure 1).
Accident prevention is often misunderstood, for most people believe wrongly that the word
accident is synonymous with injury. This assumes that no accident is of importance unless it
results in an injury. Construction managers are obviously concerned with injuries to the workers,
but their prime concern should be with the dangerous conditions that produced the injury with
the incident rather than the injury. On a construction site there are many more incidents
than injuries. A dangerous act can be performed hundreds of times before it results in an injury,
and it is to eliminate these potential dangers that managers efforts must be directed. They cannot
afford to wait for human or material damage before doing anything. So safety management
means applying safety measures before accidents happen. Effective safety management has three
main objectives:


To make the environment safe;
To make the job safe,
To make workers safety conscious.





























































1.1 INTRODUCTION

LABOUR WELFARE AND SAFETY MEASURES
"During the pre-independence period, industrial relations policy of the British Government was
one of laissez faire and also of selective intervention. There were hardly any labour welfare
schemes. After independence, labour legislations have formed the basis for industrial relations
and social security. These legislations have also provided machinery for bipartite and tripartite
consultations for settlement of disputes. Soon after independence, the government at a tripartite
conference in December 1947 adopted the industrial truce resolution. Several legislations,
including the following, were enacted to maintain industrial peace and harmony: Factories Act,
1948, Employees State Insurance Act, 1948 and Minimum Wages Act, 1948. The payment of
bonus act was passed in 1965.
In the early 1990s, the process of economic reforms was set in motion when the government
introduced a series of measures to reduce control on industries, particularly large industries. The
workers have opposed economic liberalization policy for fear of unemployment while
entrepreneurs have welcomed it in the hope of new opportunities to improve Indian industries.
The new economic policy has directly affected industrial relations in the country, because the
government has to play a dual role, one of protecting the interest of the workers, and second to
allow a free interplay of the market forces. Economic reforms, by removing barriers to entry,
have created competitive markets. Fiscal stabilization has resulted in drastic reduction in
budgetary support to the public sector commercial enterprises while exposing these enterprises to
increased competition from private sector.
Labour and Labour Welfare sub-sector consists of six main programmes viz. Labour
Administration, Rehabilitation of bonded labour, Assistance to Labour Cooperatives, Craftsmen
training programme, Apprenticeship training programme, Employment Services and Sanjay
Gandhi Swavalamban Yojana.


Manpower, employment policy and labour welfare in India: post-independence developments
such as:
1. Manpower: trends and magnitude.
2. Employment policies and programmes.
3. Labour welfare: legal framework and initiatives.
4. Women workers: legislations and empowerment.
5. Industrial relations and labour laws.
6. Restructuring of labour laws: the great debate.
7. Labour laws and welfare: India and ILO.
8. Labour reforms: India and WTO. II. India's Five Year Plans at a glance. III. Edited extracts
from India's Five Year Plans on employment and labour related matters.
Improvement of communications, mobility of Factory Inspectors
For the quick transmission of messages relating to factory accidents, gas leaks, fires and disasters
in the area a broad network of office/ residential telephones is an essential-requisite for the
Factory Inspector, the concerned Dy.Chief Inspector of Factories, the Chief Inspector to higher
authorities. Quick transmission of such messages to the area Factory Inspector and others not
only facilitates a prompt inquiry into the mishap and its causes but also enables the concerned
authorities to bring into action the various control measures in the case of disaster.
Labour and labour welfare
Labour sector addresses multi-dimensional socio-economic aspects affecting labour welfare,
productivity, living standards of labour force and social security. To raise living standards of the
work force and achieve higher productivity, skill up gradation through suitable training is of
utmost importance. Manpower development to provide adequate labour force of appropriate
skills and quality to different sectors is essential for rapid socioeconomic development.


Employment generation in all the productive sectors is one of the basic objectives. In this
context, efforts are being made for providing the environment for self-employment both in urban
and rural areas. During the Ninth Plan period, elimination of undesirable practices such as child
labour, bonded labour, and aspects such as ensuring workers safety and social security, looking
after labour welfare and providing of the necessary support measures for sorting out problems
relating to employment of both men and women workers in different sectors has received priority
attention.
The Central Board of Workers Education through its regional offices is striving to educate the
workers to help to avoid wasteful expenditure, adopting cost effectiveness and by enhancing
productivity of qualitative nature. They have been conducting the following programmes:

I. Rural Awareness Programme.
II. Functional Adult Literacy Classes.
III. Short-term programmes for the unorganized sector to educate them on their rights, ethics
and hygiene.
IV. Participative Management.
V. Orientation Courses for Rural Educators.
VI. Leadership Development Programme for Rural Workers.

Quality of Work Life (QWL)

The success of any organization is highly dependant on how it attracts, recruits, motivates, and
retains its workforce. Today's organizations need to be more flexible so that they are equipped to
develop their workforce and enjoy their commitment.
There is no doubt that to prosper and expand at work is beneficial to both national health and the
balance of payment. If quality of life at work can be improved it will benefit and reward not only
the individual employee but also the company, its customers and society as a whole. That is why
we find it necessary to talk about working-life quality.
Therefore, organizations are required to adopt a strategy to improve the employees quality of


work life'(QWL) to satisfy both the organizational objectives and employee needs. These case
lets discuss the importance of having effective quality of work life practices in organizations and
their impact on employee performance and the overall organizational performance.
Many people think that striving for the good life is selfish, but you cannot be something for
others if you do not feel good in yourself.
All companies strive to create real value for the surrounding world (customers, clients, users and
society as a whole). Creating real value is not a matter of just money. It starts with the individual
person. Creating real value means becoming more valuable to yourself and your surroundings.

Working-life quality deals with these three elements:

I. personal quality of life in your work
II. developing mastery
III. Experiencing real fellowship with colleagues and managers and contributing to the
creation of real value for customers and the surrounding world through your job.


















1.2 COMPANY PROFILE

Unipatch Rubber Ltd. was established in 1983 as a Joint-Venture between the business house of
Khemkas, New Delhi (India) and Tech International Inc, Ohio (USA), a global leader in tyre
and tube repairs.

It is Indias first and only ISO 9001:2008 certified manufacturer and supplier of
A. Tyre & Tube repair patches
B. Solvents & Adhesives
C. Retreading material
D. Allied Tools & Accessories
E. Curing Bags, Envelopes, Tubes and Flaps

It uses the latest ECC v6.0 enterprise resource planning software from SAP to seamlessly
integrate its operations across
a) three manufacturing facilities with the latest state of the art technology
b) an in-house R&D centre
c) 21 sales offices across India
d) More than 400 distributors

Marketing under the brand name OMNI, it is the pioneers of cold repair technology in India.
Omni enjoys high visibility throughout the length and breadth of India and has top of the mind
recall. Ever since Unipatch set up operations in 1983, Omnis position as the number one brand
in India has been unchallenged. This company is exporting its products under the OMNI brand to
the countries of SAARC region and other neighboring countries. In the past few years it has
started venturing to the territories of East Africa and Middle East and now have a dedicated
customer base in these countries. In India it caters to both the B2B and B2C segments
1. Retail sales through a network of over 350 Distributors & 6000 Dealers


2. Institutional sales to buyers like Indian Army, Maruti Suzuki, Ashok Leyland, Tata
Motors etc.
3. Tyre companies like Michelin, Bridgestone, Apollo, Apollo International
4. Government Sales to State Transport Undertakings like Delhi Transport Corporation,
APSRTC etc
This company has won numerous awards and commendations, for its excellence in
quality and performance. It received a special commendation for its staff and a letter of
appreciation from the Indian Army for the support and service provided to them in active
operations
VISION

The Unipatch vision is to be the preferred manufacturer and supplier of quality
products. The guiding principle for the Unipatch is to provide best quality products
at competitive prices.

MANAGEMENT TEAM


The companys management team is a vibrant mix of experience, energy, team-work &
entrepreneurial abilities. The team members come from varied backgrounds :
Senior Rubber Technologists
Engineers from the fields of Chemical, Mechanical, Electrical and IT
MBAs from institutes from the Global Top 20 (as ranked by Financial Times, London)
FCAs, ICWAs etc.





MANUFACTURING FACILITY
The company has manufacturing plants in :-
Bhiwadi (Rajasthan),
Gwalior (Madhya Pradesh)
Nalagarh (Himachal Pradesh).
These facilities employ a total manpower of over 600 workers and are equipped with the state of
art machinery and tools.
Each plant has a fully equipped testing lab, headed by an experienced rubber technologist. All of
its plants conform to the ISO 9001:2008 quality standards.




PRODUCTS

Tube repairs Cycle Round, sheets, strips
Automotive Round, oval, all purpose
Valve
Tyre repairs
Bias tyres BP
V Line
BP Tractor
Off the road
Off the road(Butterfly)
Radial tyres Centech
Uniseal Bias, radial
Permacure & strings


Valve and repaires Tubeless snap
Retreading material Vulgum, A& B compound

Vulcanizing cement, cord
fabric

Adhesive & solvent Vulcanizing fluids
Omni bond
Cleaners Rub-o-matic
Rub clean
Mounting compound
Security coat
Tools and kits
Kits Permacure kit
Tyre seal kit
OTR kit
Uniseal kit
Vulcanizing machine Truck spotter
Deluxe truck and tractor
spotter, giant vulcanizer
Surface preparation tool Rubber hog tool, tungsten
carbide
Accessories Insert tool, spiral
cementing tool, stiches,
knives, scrappers, marking
crayons
Permacure tool
Uniseal tool
Air buffers
Purpose tool
Air brushes


Safety tool
Curing bags
Envelopes and tools Tubes, flaps












.









ROUND, SHEETS AND STRIPS


We are the pioneers of self vulcanizing repairs in India. Our repairs are permanent & safe and
twice as strong as the tube itself. Our range of round and oval repairs cater to almost any kind of
tube injury.

Besides 2-way tube repairs, Cycle Puncture Strips and Sheets are available for vulcaniser to cut
patches to sizes that suit the injury. These are available in two sizes of 125 x 95 and 330x254
mm

ROUND
We are the pioneers of self vulcanizing repairs in India. Our repairs are permanent & safe and
twice as strong as the tube itself. Our range of round and oval repairs cater to almost any kind of
tube injury.


OVAL

We are the pioneers of self vulcanizing repairs in India. Our repairs are permanent & safe and
twice as strong as the tube itself. Our range of round and oval repairs cater to almost any kind of
tube injury





ALLPURPOSE
Our range of all-purpose repairs is designed for use in radial
and bias tyres. They can also be used for tube repairs. Special
compounding and thicker rubber helps in resisting dimpling.



BP
OMNI BP Premium tyre repairs can be used on tubeless or tube-type tyres. They offer excellent
flexibility, greater strength, superior construction and have been proven safe and dependable by
millions of on-the-road miles. All OMNI bias repairs are manufactured with a ply of rubber
between the fabric and cushion gum which acts as a float or shock absorbing ply. Repair unit
construction allows for easy application and enables repairs to be made closer to the tyre bead,
eliminating the need for a separate sidewall repair unit. These repairs are also designed to have
excellent air retention when used in tubeless tyres. See charts to determine proper repair for size
of injury
V LINE
OMNI V-LINE tyre repairs can be used on tube-type cross ply
tyres. They offer excellent repair for quality conscious
customers looking for an economical tyre repair. These patches
offer good flexibility, strength and superior construction. Omni
V-line tyre repairs are manufactured with a ply of rubber
between the fabric and cushion-gum, which acts as a float or
shock absorbing ply. The construction of these patches allows
ease of application and enables repair to be made closer to the



tyre bead, eliminating the need for a separate sidewall repair
unit.


BP TRACTOR
OMNI BP Premium tyre repairs can be used on tubeless or
tube-type tyres. They offer excellent flexibility, greater
strength, and superior construction and have been proven safe
and dependable by millions of on-the-road miles. All OMNI
bias repairs are manufactured with a ply of rubber between the
fabric and cushion gum which acts as a float or shock
absorbing ply. Repair unit construction allows for easy
application and enables repairs to be made closer to the tyre
bead, elimination the need for a separate sidewall repair unit.
These repairs are also designed to have excellent air retention
when used in tubeless tyres. See charts to determine proper
repair for size of injury.






Omni's TOR range of 'Off The Road' repairs provide permanent
repairs for tubeless and tube type tyres. These repair injuries on the
shoulder, sidewall and crown.

Specially designed plies dissipate fabric end stress and provide
maximum flexibility and strength. Superior compounding
throughout the entire construction of the TOR repair resists
overcure even when the tyre is returned for service.




MOUNTING COMPOUND
Omni Tyre Lube Compound in an excellent bead pack and
lubricant. It aids in easy mounting and demounting of the tubeless
tyre from its rim. Omni's special formulation also has rust
inhibitors added and thus are rim friendly.




AWARDS
The company has received following awards and certificates:-
1. Certificate from ARMY
2. Certificate for export recognition for the year 2003-2004
3. Certificate for export recognition for the year 2005-2006
4. Certificate for export recognition for the year 2006-2007














SITE
The company has worldwide presence with along with its partner in joint venture, Tech.














1.3 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
According to my objectives the entire study is based on understanding the various labour welfare
facilities that are provided to the employees working at the manufacturing unit. I have also taken
a step to study the various problems faced by the employees due to lack of facilities available for
them at the workplace ,which often leads in spoiling their relationship with at higher authorities
as well at even between themselves there by disrupting the quality of work life of the
employees.



















1.4 HYPOTHESIS
Hypothesis is usually considered as the principal instrument in research. Its main function is to
suggest new experiments and observations. In fact, many experiments are carried out with the
deliberate object of testing hypothesis. Decision makers often face situations wherein they are
interested in testing hypothesis on the basis of available information and then take decisions on
the basis of such testing.
Basically two types of Hypothesis:-
a) Null Hypothesis
b) Alternative Hypothesis






1.5 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES
1. To know about various Labour Welfare facilities provided by UNI PATCH Rubber
Limited under my study.
2. To study the Labour Safety measures undertaken by UNI PATCH Rubber Limited for the
welfare of the employees.
3. To understand the effect of Labour Welfare and Safety Measures with respect to the
effect it has on the employees work life.



















1.6 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Research Methodology is a way to systematically solve the research problem.

RESEARCH MEANING AND DEFINITION

Research is an art of scientific investigation. The advanced learners dictionaries
of current English lay are down the meaning of research as, a careful investigation (or)
inquiry especially through search for new facts in any branch of knowledge. Redmen and
Mary define research as a systematic effort to gain knowledge...

RESEARCH DESIGN

A research design is purely and simply the framework or plan for a study that guides the
collection and analysis of data. Generally a research design is a blue print of the research
that is to be followed in completing the study.
It is descriptive research type are those, which are concerned with describing the characteristics
of a particular individual or of a group, where we cannot control the variables.

SAMPLING:

To minimize the cost, time and repetition, a representative sample is chosen for the study
Sampling is the process which helps to select an appropriate sample which minimizes error in
study. Sampling is carried out on a definite population and hence you must define population
with reference to your project. Also, you must specify sampling unit and sample size. Sampling
procedure should be defined. You must give a brief explanation for choosing a specific sample
population, unit, and sample size and sample selection technique used.
SAMPLING TECHINIQUE:
The methods used in drawing samples from a population usually in such a manner that the
sample will facilitate determination of some hypothesis concerning the population.
SELECTION OF SAMPLING METHOD:
The Sampling method decides the way in a manner sample is selected. There are two types of
sampling methods:-


I. Probability Sampling:
Sampling is the use of a subset of the population to represent the whole population.
Probability sampling, or random sampling, is a sampling technique in which the
probability of getting any particular sample may be calculated.
II. Non-probability sampling:
Non-probability sampling does not meet this criterion and should be used with caution. Non-
probability sampling techniques cannot be used to infer from the sample to the general
population. Any generalizations obtained from a non-probability sample must be filtered through
one's knowledge of the topic being studied. Performing non-probability sampling is considerably
less expensive than doing probability sampling, but the results are of limited value
Under this method factors other than random chance is used for selection of the sample
a. Convenience sampling
b. Quota sampling
c. Judgment sampling
d. Snowball sampling
I chose CONVENIENCE SAMPLING for research.
Sampling Unit: Laborers.

Sample Size: 50

Sampling Procedure: Simple Random Sampling (probability sampling)

Tools for Data analysis:-
1. Basic frequency count
2. Pie-chart representation by using Microsoft excel







METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION:

I. Primary Data:
Primary data has been collected by means of direct one to one task, interviews,
questionnaires and interaction with laborers and the Personnel Manager of the company.
II. Secondary Data:
Secondary data has been collected from various books, reports, brochures, internet etc
and other texts available in college library.



















1.7 LIMITATIONS:
1. Time Constraint.
2. Non Availability of Information.
3. Limited Resources.
4. Limited sharing of information.
5. Unwillingness of laborers to co-operate.









































2.1 LITERATURE REVIEW
CASE STUDY 01: JSPL (Jindal Steel & Power Ltd)
Company Snapshot: One of the key companies in the family promoted Jindal Group, JSPL has
grown from a moderately performing company in the steel sector to the largest sponge iron
manufacturer in the world. Steered by Naveen Jindal, a Member of Parliament (2009), and one of
four heirs to the business founded by his father, O.P. Jindal, JSPL realised a 2008 turnover in
excess of $2 billion (Indian Rupee 100 billion. US $1 = Rs. 50) from its core business of steel,
and its diversifications into oil and gas, electricity generation and trading, cement, infrastructure
and mining.
Environmental violations and land acquisition for new projects or expansion are the key reason
for conflict between the company and communities. The company's flagship sponge iron factory
in Raigarh is accused of widespread air and water pollution. In addition to this, the company also
has demonstrated a pattern of disregard for the law by expanding and manufacturing beyond
permitted capacity. Labour safety violations have also been repeatedly cited as a hallmark of this
company's operations.
Two workers were killed, and one was reported missing after a 600 tonne hopper carrying
sponge iron fell on the workers crushing them on August 11, 2008. The accident occurred at the
JSPL's sponge iron plant in Raigarh, Chhattisgarh.
On 22 November, 2008, two contract workers were crushed to death at the company's green field
steel plant and power plant site in Angul, Orissa, while dumping debris during a night shift.
Measures taken for improvement by the company:
1. The company later said that it will discontinue night shifts for such hazardous operations.
2. It would improve its safety measures.
3. It provided all the workers with safety gear.




CASE STUDY 02: WIPRO
Company Snapshot:
Wipro started as a vegetable oil company in 1947 from an old mill founded by Azim Premjis
father. When his father died in 1966, Azim, a graduate in Electrical Engineering from Stanford
University, took on the leadership of the company at the age 21. He repositioned it and
transformed Wipro (Western India Vegetable Products Ltd) into a consumer goods company
that produced hydrogenated cooking oils/fat company, laundry soap, wax and tin containers and
later set up Wipro Fluid Power to manufacture hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders in 1975. At
that time, it was valued at $2 million.
Employee Welfare measures taken by WIPRO:

Housing:
Company has its own township at different location in Bangalore. If house is available, the new
employees are allotted the house otherwise the company can also hire house. All the
maintenance in houses provided to employees by company is done by the company.
Canteen:
The company gives canteen facility under which food is provided to the employees but it is not
compulsory for them. They get the allowance in their salary. The Contract Cell at Wipro invites
tenders and the Contract cell signs detailed agreement with the contractor. The operation of the
canteen is given on the contract.
Sports:
To motivate the employees of the company organizes different sports tournaments i.e. Cricket,
Volleyball, Table Tennis, Badminton Etc.







UNI PATCHS Health and Safety Policy seeks to provide safe and healthy working
conditions to all the employees working in the organization. The objectives of the Policy are:
1. To promote standards of safety, health & welfare of employees.
2. To maintain safe and healthy work places and safe systems and methods of work.
3. To protect the employees (i.e. Direct as well as contractors), from foreseeable work
hazards on the premises.
.4. To equip the employees with the information, training and supervision needed for safe
working.
5. To develop safety awareness among the employees.
6. To provide and maintain a safe and healthy working environment for employees with
adequate facilities.
7. To provide regular health check up to all employees once in 3 years.
The policy will be regularly reviewed and revised as necessary, and revisions will be brought to
the attention of the employees.
The company ensures that proper, clean water will be provided to the employees all the time.
The company will provide proper lighting, ventilation facility will be provided to the employees
at their work place.
The company will provide regular assistance to line Incharge/supervisors to ensure healthy and
safe conditions at the workplace.
The company will seek to ensure that all buildings, plants and equipments are well maintained
and safe in use.
COMPANY HEALTH AND SAFETY RULES
It is a condition of the employment that the employee makes himself/herself aware of the
company health and safety policy and follows the following health and safety regulations
without fail:
1. Reporting for work under the influence of alcohol or drugs will be classed as serious
misconduct and could result in the termination of employment.
2. Work areas, toilets must be kept clean and tidy.


3. All accidents and injuries must be reported immediately (in the first instance) to the
Supervisor and as soon as possible to the Security.
4. Any defective equipment should be reported immediately to the supervisor.
5. Machine guards must not be removed under any circumstances other than by qualified
maintenance personnel.
6. No machine shall be operated under any circumstance if a guard is not in position.
7. Personal Protective Equipments like (Mask, helmet, safety shoes, belt ) should always be
used in production.
8. The company will carry out Safety Audit periodically.

HOUSEKEEPING
1. All work areas will be kept as tidy as are possible and work areas will be cleaned at the
end of each working day.
2. All materials will be stored safely. Any excess material will be returned to storage as
soon as is practicable.
3. All walkways, doorways and means of access must be kept clear of obstructions at all
times.
4. All equipment and tools will be visually inspected before each use and the incharge
should be informed immediately of any defects.
5. In all cases good working practices will be used to ensure that safety is of the highest
standard possible.
GENERAL FIRE SAFETY
1. All employees will be responsible for ensuring that all fire escapes, gangways and doors
are kept clear of obstructions.
2. In the event of fire or explosion employees will:
Inform other employees working in the department
Inform the Security
Come out from the department in an orderly manner & assemble at the designated place.


ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
1. The regular checking of electrical wires, panels will be carried out by the maintenance
department.
2. The user will visually check all electrical appliances before using to ensure that all
insulation is proper.
TRAINING
The Company recognizes that safety training is an integral part of its overall Safety Policy:
1. No person will be employed on any work involving any foreseeable significant risk
unless he or she has received adequate training.
2. All new employees will attend an introductory training period on the first day of
employment at which information relevant to the location, the employee's statutory duties, fire
prevention and emergency procedures will be explained.
CONSULTATION WITH EMPLOYEES
Employees are encouraged to report to the line supervisor or Pers. & HRD department whenever
they notice any significant risk that may cause accident.
Employees are also encouraged to give suggestion to Pers. & HRD Department to improve the
working conditions.
FIRST AID FACITILTY
First Aid facilities are provided at the following areas:
1. Reception
2. Security
3. Production Area
4. Utility Room
5. Maintenance


























3.1(A) DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
Sample Size: 50
General
1. How will you rate the health provision in your organization?
Findings:
Outstanding
17
Good
23
Average
06
Poor
04

Title: Health Provision

Figure No: 3.1(A) (1)
It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 23 labourers have opted for good.
17
23
6
4
Outstanding
Good
Average
Poor


Analysis:
According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 labourers
who have been surveyed only 04 labourers are not happy with the facility. So it can be assumed
that the health provision that the company is providing to its labourers is good.























2. How will you rate the safety provision in your organization?
Findings:
Outstanding
14
Good
23
Average
12
Poor
01

Title: Safety Provision

Figure No: 3.1(A) (2)
It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 23 labourers have opted for good.
Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of
50 people who have been surveyed only 01 labor is not happy with the facility. So it can be
assumed that the safety provisions that the company is providing to its labourers is good.

14
23
12
1
Outstanding
Good
Average
Poor


3.1(B) Facilities
1. Do you feel Training programs provided by company help in increasing the
skill of Workers?
Findings:
Strongly
Agree
25
Agree
13
Satisfactory
10
Disagree
02
Strongly
Disagree
00
Title: Training Programs Increase Skill of Workers.

Figure No: 3.1(B) (1)

It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 25 people have opted for Strongly
Agree.
25
13
10
2
0
Strongly Agree
Agree
Satisfactory
Disagree
Strongly Disagree


Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that
out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 02 labourers are disagree. So it can be
assumed that this facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.





















2. Do you feel the working environment motivates the workers?
Findings:
Strongly
Agree
23
Agree
20
Satisfactory
05
Disagree
01
Strongly
Disagree.
01

Title: Working Environment Motivates Workers.

Figure: 3.1(B) (2)
It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 23 labourers have opted for
Strongly Agree.
23
20
5
1 1
Strongly Agree
Agree
Satisfactory
Disagree
Strongly Disagree


Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that
out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 01 labourer disagree. So it can be assumed
that this facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.




















3. Do you feel Health facilities improve the efficiency of the workers?
Findings:
Strongly
Agree
34
Agree
08
Satisfactory
08
Disagree
00
Strongly
Disagree
00

Title: Health Facilities Improve Workers Efficiency.

Figure No: 3.1(B) (3)
It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 34 people have opted for Strongly
Agree.
34
8
8
0 0
Strongly Agree
Agree
Satisfactory
Disagree
Strongly Disagree


Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of
50 people who have been surveyed none of the labourers disagree. So it can be assumed that this
facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.



















4. Do you feel Job satisfaction is essential for the worker in the organization?
Findings:




Title: Job Satisfaction Is Essential For Workers

Figure No: 3.1(B) (4)
It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 25 people have opted for Strongly
Agree.
25
16
9
0 0
Strongly Agree
Agree
Satisfactory
Disagree
Strongly Disagree
Strongly Agree
25
Agree
16
Satisfactory
09
Disagree
00
Strongly Disagree
00


Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of
50 people who have been surveyed none of the labourers disagree. So it can be assumed that this
facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.



















5. Do you feel Housing facility helps in retaining workers in the organization?
Findings:
Strongly
Agree
22
Agree
18
Satisfactory
07
Disagree
03
Strongly
Disagree
00

Title: Housing facility helps in retaining workers

Figure No: 3.1(B) (5)
It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 22 people have opted for Strongly
Agree.
22
18
7
3
0
Strongly Agree
Agree
Satisfactory
Disagree
Strongly Disagree


Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of
50 people who have been surveyed only 03 labourers disagree. So it can be assumed that this
facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.

























6. Do you feel Rest and recreation facilities should be provided to the
workers?
Findings:
Strongly
Agree
25
Agree
23
Satisfactory
02
Disagree
00
Strongly
Disagree
00

Title: Rest and recreation facilities should be provided to the workers

Figure No: 3.1(B) (6)
It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 25 people have opted for Strongly
Agree.
25
23
2
0 0
Strongly Agree
Agree
Satisfactory
Disagree
Strongly Disagree


Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of
50 people who have been surveyed none of the labourers disagree. So it can be assumed that this
facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.

























7. Do you feel Canteen facilities is must for good health of workers?
Findings:
Strongly
Agree
26
Agree
12
Satisfactory
10
Disagree
02
Strongly
Disagree
00

Title: Canteen facilities is must for good health

Figure No: 3.1(B) (7)
It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 26 people have opted for Strongly
Agree.
26
12
10
2
0
Strongly Agree
Agree
Satisfactory
Disagree
Strongly Disagree


Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of
50 people who have been surveyed only 02 labourers disagree. So it can be assumed that this
facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.



















8. Do you feel Industrial hygiene is essential for workers safety.
Findings:
Strongly
Agree
30
Agree
10
Satisfactory
10
Disagree
00
Strongly
Disagree
00

Title: Industrial hygiene is essential for workers safety

Figure No: 3.1(B) (8)
It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 30 people have opted for good.
Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of
50 people who have been surveyed none of the labourers disagree. So it can be assumed that this
facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.
30
10
10
0 0
Strongly Agree
Agree
Satisfactory
Disagree
Strongly Disagree


9. Do you feel Crche facility is essential to motivate the female workers?
Findings:
Strongly
Agree
27
Agree
07
Satisfactory
15
Disagree
01
Strongly
Disagree
00

Title: Crche facility is essential

Figure No: 3.1(B) (9)
It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 27 people have opted for strongly.
Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of
50 people who have been surveyed only 1 laborer disagreed. So it can be assumed that this
facility will help in motivating the female workers.
27
7
15
1
0
Strongly Agree
Agree
Satisfactory
Disagree
Strongly Disagree


10. Do you feel Consumer co-operative societies should be encouraged?
Findings:
Strongly
Agree
16
Agree
24
Satisfactory
08
Disagree
02
Strongly
Disagree
00
Title: Consumer co-operative societies

Figure No: 3.1(B) (10)
It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 24 people have opted for Agree.
Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of
50 people who have been surveyed only 02 labourers disagree. So it can be assumed that this
facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.

16
24
8
2
0
Strongly Agree
Agree
Satisfactory
Disagree
Strongly Disagree


11. Do you feel Labour welfare facilities help in reducing labour absenteeism?
Findings:
Strongly
Agree
28
Agree
16
Satisfactory
05
Disagree
01
Strongly
Disagree
00
Title: Labour welfare facilities help in reducing labour absenteeism

Figure No: 3.1(B) (11)
It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 28 people have opted for Strongly
Agree.
Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of
50 people who have been surveyed only 01 laborer disagreed. So it can be assumed that this
facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.
28
16
5
1
0
Strongly Agree
Agree
Satisfactory
Disagree
Strongly Disagree


12. Do you feel Labour welfare facilities help in reducing labour turnover?
Findings:
Strongly
Agree
30
Agree
15
Satisfactory
05
Disagree 00
Strongly
Disagree
00

Title: Labour welfare facilities help in reducing labour turnover

Figure No: 3.1(B) (12)
It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 30 people have opted for Strongly
Agree.
30
15
5
0 0
Strongly Agree
Agree
Satisfactory
Disagree
Strongly Disagree


Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of
50 people who have been surveyed none of the labourers disagree. So it can be assumed that this
facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.

























13. Do you feel Labour welfare facilities help maintain better industrial
relations?
Findings:
Strongly
Agree
25
Agree
8
Satisfactory
12
Disagree
05
Strongly
Disagree
00

Title: Labour welfare facilities help maintain better industrial relations

Figure No: 3.1(B) (13)
It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 25 people have opted for Strongly
Agree.
25
8
12
5
0
Strongly Agree
Agree
Satisfactory
Disagree
Strongly Disagree


Analysis:According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of
50 people who have been surveyed only 05 labourers disagree. So it can be assumed that this
facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.



















3.1(C). STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
CHI SQUARE TEST
The Chi-square test is an important test amongst the several tests of significance developed by
statisticians. Chi-square is a statistical measure used in the context of sampling analysis for
comparing a variance to a theoretical variance. As a non-parametric test, it can be used to
determine if categorical data shows dependency or the two classifications are independent. The
test is, in fact, a technique through the use of which it is possible for all researchers to
(i) Test the goodness of fit
(ii) Test the significance of association between two attributes and
(iii) Test the homogeneity or the significance of population variance.

As a test of independence,
2
test enables us to explain whether or not two attributes are
associated. In such a situation, we proceed with the null hypothesis that the two attributes are
independent. If the calculated value is less than the tabulated value at certain degrees of
freedom, the null hypothesis is accepted and vice versa.

2
is calculated as follows:




2
= (O-E)
2

E

Where
2
= Chi square
O
i
= Observed Frequency


E
i
= Expected Frequency

2
is always positive and it ranges from 0 to 00
The expected value for the contingency tabulated as follows.
E = (Row total * Column total
Grand total
The
2
test depends on the set of observed and expected values and on the degrees of freedom.
The
2
distribution is the limiting approximation designation.
















CHI-SQUARE TESTING





Reducing
labour
absenteei
sm
Reducing
labour
turnover
Better
industrial
relations

Motivate
the female
workers
Enhancing
Canteen
facilities
Total

Strongly
Agree
28 30 25 27 26 136
Agree
16 15 8 7 12 58


Satisfactory 5 5 12 15 10 47

Disagree 1 0 5 1 2 9
Strongly
Disagree

0 0 0 0 0 0

Total 50 50 50 50 50 250






STEP: 1 SETTING AN HYPOTHESIS

H
0
: There is great significance of Labour Welfare and Safety Measures AND it
affects The Quality of Work Life in Unipatch Rubber Ltd.
H
1
: There is no significance of Labour Welfare and Safety Measures AND it does
not have any effect on Quality of Work Life in Unipatch Rubber Ltd.



STEP: 2
TO FIND THE EXPECTED FREQUENCY

Expected frequency = Corresponding row total * Corresponding column total
Total number of samples


STEP: 3
CALCULATION OF CHI-SQUARE VALUE
Formula


(O-E)
2

2 =
E



O = Observed frequency
E = Expected frequency
2 = Chi square



3. Computation Table for
2

O E O-E (O-E)
2
(O-E)
2
/E
28 27.2 0.8 0.64 0.0235
30 27.2 2.8 7.84 0.2882
25 27.2 -2.2 4.84 0.1779
27 27.2 -0.2 0.04 0.0014
26 27.2 -1.2 1.44 0.0529
16 11.6 4.4 19.36 1.6689
15 11.6 3.4 11.56 0.9965
8 11.6 -3.6 12.96 1.1172
7 11.6 -4.6 21.16 1.8241
12 11.6 0.4 0.16 0.0137
5 9.4 -4.4 19.36 2.0595
5 9.4 -4.4 19.36 2.0595


12 9.4 2.6 6.76 0.7191
15 9.4 5.6 31.36 3.3361
10 9.4 0.6 0.36 0.0382
1 1.8 -0.8 0.64 0.3555
0 1.8 -1.8 3.24 1.8
5 1.8 3.2 10.24 5.6888
1 1.8 -0.8 0.64 0.3555
2 1.8 0.2 0.04 0.0222
0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
TOTAL
22.054




STEP: 4
Level of significance = 0.05
Degrees of freedom = (R-1) (C-1)
= (5-1) (5-1) = 16



Tabulated value at 5% level of significance and degree of freedom 16 is 26.29
STEP: 5

The calculated value is lesser than the tabulated value: 22.054 < 26.296

RESULT

Therefore, accept the Null Hypothesis Ho and reject the alternate Hypothesis H1.

INFERENCE

Finally, on the basis of above chi-square test I can say that there is great significance of Labour
Welfare and Safety Measures AND it affects The Quality of Work Life in Unipatch Rubber
Ltd.

































4.1 FINDINGS OF THE STUDY AT UNI PATCH RUBBER LIMITED

1. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 labourers who have been
surveyed only 04 labourers are not happy with the facility. So it is very clear that the
health provision that the company is providing to its labourers is good.
2. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed
only 01 labor is not happy with the facility. So this very clear that the safety provisions
that the company is providing to its labourers is good.
3. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed
only 02 labourers are disagree. So the training program provided by the company helps
the worker in increasing their skills.
4. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed
only 01 labourer disagree. So working environment of the company motivates the
worker.
5. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed
none of the labourers disagree. So the health facilities provide by the company improves
the efficiency of workers.
6. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed
none of the labourers disagree. So it is clear that job satisfaction is essential for workers.
7. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed
only 03 labourers disagree. So housing facilities helps in retaining the workers in the
organization.
8. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed
none of the labourers disagree. So this is clear that rest and recreation facilities are very
important for workers.
9. According to my study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed
only 02 labourers disagree. This proves that canteen facilities are very important for good
health of labourers.


10. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed
none of the labourers are disagree. It means that industrial hygiene is very important for
labourers in the organization for their safety.
11. According tothe study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed
only 1 labour is disagree. So it is clear that crches facilities helps in motivating the
female workers.
12. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed
only 02 labourers disagree. So it is very important to encourage consumers-cooperative
for welfare of labourers.
13. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed
only 01 labourer disagreed. Here, it is very clear that welfare facilities help in reducing
labour absenteeism.
14. : According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been
surveyed none of the labourers disagree. So labour welfare facilities helps in reducing
labour turnover in the organization.
15. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed
only 05 labourers disagree. So it is also clear that labour welfare facilities heps in
maintaining better industrial relationship.











4.2 SUGGESTIONS
A few suggestions I would like to make in order to further improve on the labour welfare and
safety measures in the company:
1. Better and quality food should be provided in the canteen.
2. Workers should compulsorily use helmet and the workers not using helmets should be
strictly penalized by the management.
3. The company should immediately solve the labour problems in the company in order to
improve industrial relation and for the smooth functioning of the organization.
4. A decent, spacious and well equipped library should be opened in the factory premises.
This will definitely help the workers in getting recent and updated information
knowledge.
5. Both Indian and Western toilets should be provided by the company and the toilets
should be cleaned regularly.
6. There shall be sufficient number of spittoons placed at convenient places in the factory.
7. All dangerous and moving parts of machinery shall be securely fenced. Screws, bolts and
teeth shall be completely encased to prevent danger.
8. No new employee shall be allowed to work on any dangerous machine, unless he is
sufficiently trained or is working under the supervision of knowledgeable person.
9. Suitable device for cutting of power in emergencies shall be provided.
10. Scope of labour welfare should be increased.







4.3 CONCLUSION

This survey included labourers/employees of the company. From the survey, it was found that
most of the labourers were satisfied with the facilities given by the company. The effect of the
labour welfare and safety measures and its effect on the quality of work life of the employees is
good. Good labour welfare and safety measures if provided by the company have a positive
reaction with respect to the quality of work life of any employee for various reasons. I have come
to the conclusion that the various labour welfare and safety measures adopted by UNI PATCH
RUBBER LIMITED meet the expectations of the employees and hence result is a good quality
of work life for the employees.















BIBLIOGRAPHY AND REFERENCES:
The following books and references have been used to carry out the study:
Books:
1. Jain S.P., Industrial and Labour Laws, published by GAGAN KAPOOR, for
Dhanpati Rai & Co. (P) LTD (Eleventh Edition) 2005-2006.
2. Jambh L.C. And Jambh Savitri. Safety And Source Management, published by Nirali
Prakashan, 2
nd
Edition Nov.2003.
3. Dhar D.M., Industrial Safety Management, published by Everest Publishing House,
1
st
Edition 2005.
4. Kale N.G., Industrial Organization & Management, Universal Law Publishing Co. 3
rd

Edition 2006.
5. Ackoff, Russell L., The Design of Social Research, Chicago: University of Chicago
Press, 1961
6. Berdie, Douglas R., and Anderson, John F., Questionnaires: Design and Use, Metuchen
N.J.: TheScarecrow Press, Inc., 1974.
7. Boot, John C.G., and Cox, Edwin B., Statistical Analysis for Managerial Decisions, 2nd
ed. New Delhi:McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., (International Student Edition), 1979.
8. Cochran, W.G., Sampling Techniques, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons., 1963.
9. Gibbons, J.D., Nonparametric Statistical Inference, Tokyo: McGraw-Hill Kogakusha
Ltd., (International Student Edition), 1971.
10. Noether, G.E., Elements of Nonparametric Statistics, New York: John Wiley & Sons,
Inc., 1967.
11. Kothari C.R.- Research Methodology University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India, New Age
International Publishers, 2004.









WEBSITES:-
http://www.scribd.com/doc/28623180/PROJECT-REPORT-on-Employee-Welfare-at-
Hindalco-Renukoot
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productivity#axzz1VmevlNYG
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http://www.academon.com/Term-Paper-Employee-Safety-Health-and-Welfare-Law/94679
http://www.unipatch.com/manufacturing_facilities.html
http://wikimapia.org/14783652/Unipatch-Rubber-Factory-Gwalior-MP-India
http://www.unipatch.com/disclaimer.html
http://panjiva.com/Unipatch-Rubber-Ltd/1302824