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ROCKY-4782E2V

User Manual
Version 1.5







SOCKET 478 PENTIUM 4 with
Dual LAN & SiS 315 AGP4X VGA SBC






February 19, 2004







Copyright 2004 by ICP Electronics Inc. All Rights Reserved
1
Copyright Notice
The information in this document is subject to change without prior notice in order
to improve reliability, design and function and does not represent a commitment on
the part of the manufacturer.
In no event will the manufacturer be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or
consequential damages arising out of the use or inability to use the product or
documentation, even if advised of the possibility of such damages.
This document contains proprietary information protected by copyright. All rights
reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced by any mechanical, electronic,
or other means in any form without prior written permission of the manufacturer.
Trademarks
ROCKY-4782E2V is a registered trademark of ICP Electronics Inc. IBM PC is a
registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation. Intel is a
registered trademark of Intel Corporation. AWARD is a registered trademark of
AWARD Software, Inc. Other product names mentioned herein are used for
identification purposes only and may be trademarks and/or registered trademarks
of their respective companies.
Support
For any questions regarding the content of this manual or related issues, email us at:
support@iei.com.tw.
2
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................... 4
1.1 SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................. 4
1.2 PACKAGE CONTENTS.............................................................................. 6
CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION..................................................................... 7
2.1 BOARD LAYOUT AND DIMENSIONS.............................................................. 8
2.2 UNPACKING PRECAUTIONS....................................................................... 9
2.3 CLEAR CMOS SETUP (JP2) .................................................................... 9
2.4 COMPACTFLASH MASTER/SLAVE SETTING (JP5)............................................. 9
2.5 ONBOARD KEYBOARD/MOUSE SOURCE SETTING (JP7) ................................... 10
CHAPTER 3 CONNECTORS..................................................................... 11
3.1 FLOPPY DRIVE CONNECTOR (FDC1)......................................................... 12
3.2 PCI E-IDE DISK DRIVE CONNECTOR (IDE1, IDE2) .................................... 13
3.3 PARALLEL PORT (CN4) ........................................................................ 14
3.4 SERIAL PORTS (CN5, CN8) .................................................................. 14
3.5 KEYBOARD & PS/2 MOUSE CONNECTOR (CN19, CN23) ............................... 15
3.6 EXTERNAL SWITCHES AND INDICATORS (CN9, CN10, CN17) ......................... 16
3.7 USB PORT CONNECTORS (CN3, CN11) ................................................... 17
3.8 IRDA INFRARED INTERFACE PORT (CN7)................................................... 17
3.9 FAN CONNECTORS (FAN1-FAN3) ........................................................... 18
3.10 LAN RJ45 & STATE LED CONNECTORS (CN15, CN18, CN21, CN22) ........... 18
3.11 VGA CONNECTOR (J3) ...................................................................... 19
3.12 AUDIO CONNECTORS (CN12-CN14, CN20) ............................................ 19
3.13 ATX 20-PIN & ATX-12V POWER CONNECTOR (J1, J2 ................................ 20
CHAPTER 4 AWARD BIOS SETUP........................................................... 21
4.1 GETTING STARTED.............................................................................. 21
4.2 GETTING HELP................................................................................... 23
4.3 MAIN MENU...................................................................................... 23
4.4 STANDARD CMOS SETUP ..................................................................... 25
4.5 ADVANCED BIOS FEATURES .................................................................. 29
4.6 ADVANCED CHIPSET FEATURES ............................................................... 32
4.7 INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS..................................................................... 34
4.8 POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP.................................................................. 37
4.9 PNP/PCI CONFIGURATION SETUP............................................................ 39
4.10 PC HEALTH STATUS........................................................................... 41
4.11 FREQUENCY/VOLTAGE CONTROL ............................................................ 41
3
4.12 DEFAULT MENUS............................................................................... 42
4.13 SUPERVISOR/USER PASSWORD ............................................................. 43
4.14 EXITING SELECTIONS......................................................................... 44
APPENDIX A WATCHDOG TIMER........................................................... 45
APPENDIX B I/O MAPPINGS................................................................. 47
APPENDIX C ATX POWER SUPPLY......................................................... 49
APPENDIX D HOW TO USE THE WAKE-UP FUNCTION............................ 51

4

Chapter 1 Introduction
Welcome to the ROCKY-4782E2V SOCKET 478 PENTIUM

4 Single Board Computer.
The ROCKY-4782E2V board is an ISA/PCI form factor board, which comes with a
high performance processor and advanced high performance multi-mode I/O,
designed for the system manufacturers, integrators, or VARs that want to provide all
the performance, reliability, and quality at a reasonable price.

In addition, the ROCKY-4782E2V provides the SiS315 AGP4X VGA on board. This
VGA chip is a 3D graphics chipset, which provides up to 2048x1536x16-color
resolution. The VGA on board has a 32MB SDRAM frame buffer.

An advanced high performance super AT I/O chip W83627HF is used in the
ROCKY-4782E2V board. Both on-chip UARTs are NS16C550-compatible. The parallel
port and IDE interface are compatible with IBM PC/AT architecture.

The ROCKY-4782E2V uses dual (ICH2 & INTEL 82559) 10/100 Fast Ethernet LAN
controllers. They combine to be a fully integrated 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX LAN
solution with high performance networking and low power consumption.

The ROCKY-4782E2V uses the advanced Intel 845 Chipset, which is 100% software
compatible chipset with PCI 2.1 standard.


1.1 Specifications
CPU
Intel Pentium 4 Processor, supports 400 MHz FSB (PGA 478)
Bus Interface
PCI/ISA bus, PICMG compliant
Bus speed
ISA: 8MHz, PCI: 33MHz
DMA channels
7
Interrupt levels
15
5
Chipset
INTEL 845 (MCH)
Real-time clock/calendar
INTEL 82801(ICH2)
RAM memory
TWO 168-pin DIMM sockets supporting SDRAM. Supports up to 2GB of memory
ATA/100 IDE Interface
Up to four PCI Enhanced IDE hard disk drives are supported. The ATA/100 IDE can
handle data transfer up to 100MB/s. Compatible with existing ATA-2 IDE specifications
Floppy disk drive interface
Supports up to two floppy disk drives, 5.25(360KB and 1.2MB) and/or 3.5 (720KB,
1.44MB, and 2.88MB)
Serial ports
Two RS-232 ports with 16C550 UART (or compatible) 16-byte FIFO buffer. Support up
to 115.2Kbps. Ports can be individually configured to COM1, COM2 or disabled.
Bi-directional parallel port
Can be set as LPT1, LPT2, LPT3 or disabled. Supports EPP/ECP/SPP.
Hardware monitor
Built-in monitor power supply voltage and fan speed status
IrDA port
Supports Serial Infrared (SIR) and Amplitude Shift Keyed IR(ASKIR) interface
USB port
Supports 4 USB ports for future expansion needs
Watch-dog timer
Software Programmable Reset generated when CPU does not periodically trigger the
timer. You can use I/O Port hex 043(843) & 443 to control the timer and generate a
system reset.
VGA controller
Built-in SiS 315 AGP4X 256-bit 3D graphics engine with 32MB SDRAM (Driver select
AG-32)
Screen Resolution: up to 2048x1536x16.
Ethernet
Dual (ICH2 & INTEL 559) Fast Ethernet controllers, IEEE 802.3u Auto-Negotiation
support for 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX standard. Two RJ45 connectors are located on the
mounting bracket for easy connection.
6
Keyboard and PS/2 mouse connector
A 6-pin mini DIN connector is located on the mounting bracket for easy connection to a
keyboard or PS/2 mouse. For alternative application, a keyboard and a PS/2 mouse
connector are also available on board.
Audio
AC97 Audio CODEC
Compact Flash
Used with a passive adapter (True IDE Mode ) in a Type I/II Socket.
Power consumption
Using a PENTIUM 4: 2GHz, 1GB PC133 SDRAM: +5V @ 4.46A, +12V @ 6.55A
A 350-watt power supply or higher is recommended
Operating temperature
0 ~ 60C (The CPU requires a cooling system with silicon heat sink paste applied)

WARNING!
1. Never run the processor without the heatsink(Cooler) properly and firmly
attached.
2. Please use ATX-12V Power Connector (J2) to provide power to the CPU.


1.2 Package Contents
In addition to this User's Manual, the ROCKY-4782E2V package includes the
following items:

One ROCKY-4782E2V Single Board Computer
One RS-232 x2 and Printer Cable with bracket
One FDD cable
One Audio cable
One ATA/100 IDE cable
One ATX-12V cable
One 6-pin Mini-Din converts to two 6-pin mini-Din cables for keyboard and
mouse connection.

If any of these items are missing or damaged, contact the dealer from whom you
purchased this product immediately. Keep the shipping materials and carton in
case you want to ship or store the product in the future.
7

Chapter 2 Installation
This chapter describes how to install the ROCKY-4782E2V. These instructions
include the layout and dimensions of the board and the unpacking precautions,
which we recommend you to read carefully before you install the product. The
instructions for jumper and switch settings for the ROCKY-4782E2V's configuration,
such as CPU type selection, system clock setting, and Watchdog Timer, are also
included. Below is a table of jumpers that are found on the ROCKY-4782E2V board.

JUMPER FUNCTION
JP2 CMOS state setting
JP5 CompactFlash Master (short)/Slave (open) Setting.
JP7 Keyboard/Mouse power source Setting

Note: All shaded rows in tables of this manual are the default settings for the
ROCKY-4782E2V.
8
2.1 Board Layout and Dimensions


9
2.2 Unpacking Precautions
Some components of ROCKY-4782E2V are very sensitive to static electric charges
and can be damaged by a sudden rush of power. To protect it from unintended
damage, be sure to note these precautions:
Ground yourself to remove any static charge before touching the
ROCKY-4782E2V SBC. You can do it by using a grounded wrist strap at all times
or by frequently touching any conducting materials that is connected to the
ground.
Handle your ROCKY-4782E2V SBC by its edges. Do not touch its IC chips,
leads or circuitry unless necessary.
Do not plug any connectors or set any jumpers while the power is on.


2.3 Clear CMOS Setup (JP2)
If you have to clear the CMOS Setup (for example, if you forget your BIOS password,
you should clear the CMOS and then set the password again.), you should short JP2
(Pin2 and Pin3) for about 3 seconds, then open it again. Setting the jumper on JP2
back onto pins 1-2 will set the system for normal operation.

JP2 Clear CMOS Setup (Reserved Function)
JP3 DESCRIPTION
1-2 Normal Operation
2-3 Clear CMOS Setup
WARNING
When you change power between ATX to AT, be sure to clear CMOS (Power ON) first.
Otherwise, the CPU Board may not start up.


2.4 Compact Flash Master/Slave Setting (JP5)
JP5 DESCRIPTION
Open Slave
Short Master

10
2.5
Onboard Keyboard/Mouse Source Setting (JP7)
JP7 DESCRIPTION
1-2 Vcc (+5V)
2-3 5VSB

11

Chapter 3 Connectors
This chapter describes how to connect peripherals, switches and indicators to the
ROCKY-4782E2V board. A listing of the connectors on the board is shown in the
following table.

Table of Connectors
CONNECTOR DESCRIPTION
FAN1~FAN3 Fan Connectors
J1 ATX 20-PIN Power Connector
J2 ATX-12V CPU Power Source
J3 VGA 15-pin Female Connector
CN7 IrDA connector
CN10 ATX BUTTON (Power ON) Switch
CN3, CN11 USB Connectors
CN4 Parallel Port Connector
CN8, CN5 Serial Port 10-pin Connectors
CN9 External Switches and Indicators
CN12 AUDIO LINE-IN
CN13 AUDIO CD-IN
CN14 AUDIO MIC-IN
CN15, CN18 LAN State LED Connectors
CN21, CN22 LAN RJ45 Connectors
CN17 Backplane to Mainboard Connectors
CN19 External 5-pin Header Keyboard Connector
CN23 PS/2 MOUSE & KEYBOARD Connector
FDC1 FDC Connector
IDE2 Secondary IDE Connector
IDE1 Primary IDE Connector

12
3.1 Floppy Drive Connectors (FDC1)
The ROCKY-4782E2V board is equipped with a 34-pin daisy-chain drive connector
cable.
FDC1: FDC Connector
PIN DESCRIPTION PIN DESCRIPTION
1 GROUND 2 REDUCE WRITE
3 GROUND 4 N/C
5 GROUND 6 N/C
7 GROUND 8 INDEX#
9 GROUND 10 MOTOR ENABLE A#
11 GROUND 12 DRIVE SELECT B#
13 GROUND 14 DRIVE SELECT A#
15 GROUND 16 MOTOR ENABLE B#
17 GROUND 18 DIRECTION#
19 GROUND 20 STEP#
21 GROUND 22 WRITE DATA#
23 GROUND 24 WRITE GATE#
25 GROUND 26 TRACK 0#
27 GROUND 28 WRITE PROTECT#
29 GROUND 30 READ DATA#
31 GROUND 32 SIDE 1 SELECT#
33 GROUND 34 DISK CHANGE#

13
3.2 PCI E-IDE Disk Drive Connector (IDE1, IDE2)
You can attach four IDE (Integrated Device Electronics) hard disk drives on these
two channels, which support Ultra-DMA100 IDE devices. We recommend the
non-DMA100 devices be connected to the secondary IDE connector.

IDE 1: Primary IDE Connector
IDE 2: Secondary IDE Connector
IDE1/IDE2 Interface Connector
PIN DESCRIPTION PIN DESCRIPTION
1 RESET# 2 GROUND
3 DATA 7 4 DATA 8
5 DATA 6 6 DATA 9
7 DATA 5 8 DATA 10
9 DATA 4 10 DATA 11
11 DATA 3 12 DATA 12
13 DATA 2 14 DATA 13
15 DATA 1 16 DATA 14
17 DATA 0 18 DATA 15
19 GROUND 20 N/C
21 N/C 22 GROUND
23 IOW# 24 GROUND
25 IOR# 26 GROUND
27 N/C 28 BALEDEFAULT
29 N/C 30 GROUNDDEFAULT
31 INTERRUPT 32 IOCS16#-DEFAULT
33 SA1 34 N/C
35 SA0 36 SA2
37 HDC CS0# 38 HDC CS1#
39 HDD ACTIVE# 40 GROUND

14
3.3 Parallel Port (CN4)
This port is usually connected to a printer. The ROCKY-4782E2V includes an
on-board parallel port (CN4), accessed through a 26-pin flat-cable connector.
CN4: Parallel Port Connector
PIN DESCRIPTION PIN DESCRIPTION
1 STROBE# 2 DATA 0
3 DATA 1 4 DATA 2
5 DATA 3 6 DATA 4
7 DATA 5 8 DATA 6
9 DATA 7 10 ACKNOWLEDGE
11 BUSY 12 PAPER EMPTY
13 PRINTER SELECT 14 AUTO FORM FEED #
15 ERROR# 16 INITIALIZE
17 PRINTER SELECT LN# 18 GROUND
19 GROUND 20 GROUND
21 GROUND 22 GROUND
23 GROUND 24 GROUND
25 GROUND 26 N/C


3.4 Serial Ports (CN5, CN8)
The ROCKY-4782E2V offers two high-speed NS16C550 compatible UARTs.

CN8 (COM1): 10-pin connector on board
CN5 (COM2): 10-pin connector on board
CONNECTOR PORT ADDRESS INTERRUPT
CN8 COM1 3F8 IRQ4
CN5 COM2 2F8 IRQ3

15
CN5, CN8: Serial Port 10-pin Connector
PIN DESCRIPTION
1 DATA CARRIER DETECT (DCD)
2 RECEIVE DATA (RXD)
3 TRANSMIT DATA (TXD)
4 DATA TERMINAL READY (DTR)
5 GROUND (GND)
6 DATA SET READY (DSR)
7 REQUEST TO SEND (RTS)
8 CLEAR TO SEND (CTS)
9 RING INDICATOR (RI)
10 GROUND (GND)


3.5
Keyboard & PS/2 Mouse Connector (CN19, CN23)
A 6-pin mini DIN connector (CN23) is located on the mounting bracket for easy
connection to a keyboard or PS/2 mouse. The card comes with a cable to convert the
6-pin mini-DIN connector to two 6-pin mini-DIN connectors for keyboard and mouse
connection
CN23: 6-pin Mini-DIN Keyboard & Mouse Connector
PIN DESCRIPTION
1 KEYBOARD DATA
2 MOUSE DATA
3 GROUND
4 +5V
5 KEYBOARD CLOCK
6 MOUSE CLOCK

16
For alternative application, a keyboard connector is also available on board, located
on CN19.
CN19: 5-pin Header Keyboard Connector
PIN DESCRIPTION
1 KEYBOARD CLOCK
2 KEYBOARD DATA
3 N/C
4 GROUND
5 +5V


3.6
External Switches and Indicators (CN9, CN10, CN17)
There are several external switches and indicators for monitoring and controlling
your CPU board. These are accessed through the connectors CN9, CN10 and CN17.
CN9: External Switches and Indicators
PIN DESCRIPTION PIN DESCRIPTION
1 +5V Speaker 2 Speaker +
3 N/C 4 N/C
Power LED
5 GND 6 N/C
7 KEYLOCK PIN1 8 Speaker -
KEYLOCK
9 KEYLOCK PIN2 Reset Button 10 Reset PIN1
11 GND 12 Reset PIN2
HDD LED 13 HDD LED+ HDD LED 14 HDD LED-
CN10: 2-pin ATX POWER BUTTON Connector
PIN DESCRIPTION
1 BUTTON PIN1
2 BUTTON PIN2
CN17: Backplane to Mainboard Connector
PIN DESCRIPTION
1 5VSB
2 ATX-ON
3 GND
Power comes from Backplane with ATX Connector (Through Power Button & +5VSB)
17
3.7 USB Port Connectors (CN3, CN11)
The ROCKY- 4782EV provide 4 built-in USB ports for the future expansion needs.
CN3, CN11: USB Port Connectors
PIN DESCRIPTION PIN DESCRIPTION
1 VCC 8 GROUND
2 DATA- 7 DATA+
3 DATA+ 6 DATA-
4 GROUND 5 VCC


3.8 IrDA Infrared Interface Port (CN7)
The ROCKY-4782E2Vs built-in IrDA port supports the Serial Infrared (SIR) and the
Amplitude Shift Keyed IR (ASKIR) interfaces. To use the IrDA port, SIR or ASKIR
must be set in the COM2 settings of Peripheral Setup in BIOS Setup. The standard
RS-232 COM2 will be disabled.
CN7: IrDA Connector
PIN DESCRIPTION
1 VCC
2 NC
3 IR-RX
4 Ground
5 IR-TX
6 NC


18
3.9 Fan Connectors (FAN1-FAN3)
The ROCKY-4782E2V provides two CPU cooling fan connectors, which can supply
12V/500mA to the cooling fan. All connectors have the same pin assignments and
there is a rotation pin in fan connector to transmit the fans rotation signal to
system for the BIOS to detect the fan speed. This feature is only supported with
certain cooling fans.
FAN1-FAN3: Fan Connectors
PIN DESCRIPTION
1 Rotation Signal
2 +12V
3 Ground


3.10
LAN RJ45 & State LED Connectors (CN15, CN18, CN21,
CN22)
The ROCKY-4782E2V is equipped with two built-in 10/100Mbps Ethernet controllers.
You can connect it to your LAN through the RJ45 LAN connectors. There are two LED
on the connector indicating the status of LAN. The pin assignments are as follows:
CN21 (ICH2), CN22 (i82559): LAN RJ45 Connector
PIN DESCRIPTION PIN DESCRIPTION
1 TX+ 5 N/C
2 TX- 6 RX-
3 RX+ 7 N/C
4 N/C 8 N/C
CN15 (ICH2), CN18 (i82559): LAN State LED Connector
PIN DESCRIPTION
1-2 ACT/LINK
3-4 100TX

19
3.11 VGA Connector (J3)
The ROCKY-4782E2V has a built-in 15-pin VGA connector directly connects to your
CRT monitor.
J3: 15-pin Female Connector
PIN DESCRIPTION PIN DESCRIPTION
1 RED 2 GREEN
3 BLUE 4 NC
5 GROUND 6 GROUND
7 GROUND 8 GROUND
9 NC 10 GROUND
11 NC 12 DDC DAT
13 HSYNC 14 VSYNC
15 DDCCLK


3.12 Audio Connectors (CN12-CN14, CN20)
The ROCKY-4782E2V has a built-in AC97 AUDIO CODEC connected directly to your
MIC-IN & CD-IN & LINE-IN.
CN20: AUDIO Headphone Jack (Output)
CN12: AUDIO LINE-IN Connector (Input)
CN13: AUDIO CD-IN Connector (Input)
CN14: AUDIO MIC-IN Connector (Input)
DESCRIPTION
PIN
CN12 CN13 CN14
1 LEFT LEFT MIC-IN
2 GND GND GND
3 GND GND GND
4 RIGHT RIGHT NC

20
3.13
ATX 20-Pin & ATX-12V Power Connector (J1, J2)
This connector supports the ATX power functions such as Modem Ring-on, Wake-up
on LAN and soft power off are supported by the ROCKY-4782E2V board. (Power
sourced from the ROCKY-4782E2V board)
J1: System
PIN DESCRIPTION PIN DESCRIPTION
1 3.3V 2 3.3V
3 GND 4 5V
5 GND 6 5V
7 GND 8 PW_OK
9 5VSB 10 +12V
11 3.3V 12 -12V
13 GND 14 ATX-ON
15 GND 16 GND
17 GND 18 -5V
19 5V 20 5V
J2: CPU
PIN DESCRIPTION PIN DESCRIPTION
1 GND 2 GND
3 +12V 4 +12V

Note: The power from J2 should support at least a 6.5A current for the use of the
P4 CPU. If the there is not enough power, the operation of CPU could be
abnormal. Be sure the power from power supply is enough, and ensure the
power is not shared with other devices, such as hard disks. You can use
IEIs special cable for connection if your power supply does not have a
suitable cable.
21

Chapter 4 AWARD BIOS Setup
This chapter discusses the AWARD Setup program built into the BIOS. The Setup
program allows the user to configure the system, which is then stored in
battery-backed CMOS RAM so that the Setup information is retained after the power
is turned off.


4.1 Getting Started
The BIOS is immediately active when the system is turned on. While the BIOS is in
control, the Setup program can be activated in one of two ways:
1. By pressing <Del> immediately after switching the system on, or
2. By pressing the <Del> key when the following message appears briefly at the
bottom of the screen during the POST (Power On Self-Test).
Press DEL to enter SETUP
If the message disappears before you respond and you still wish to enter Setup,
restart the system to try again by turning it OFF then ON or pressing the "RESET"
button on the system case. You may also restart by simultaneously pressing
<Ctrl>, <Alt>, and <Delete> keys. If you do not press the keys at the correct time
and the system does not boot, an error message will be displayed and a prompt like
the following appears
PRESS F1 TO CONTINUE, DEL TO ENTER SETUP
In general, you can use the arrow keys to highlight items, press <Enter> to select,
use the <Page Up> and <Page Down> keys to change entries, press <F1> for help
and press <Esc> to quit. The table on the next page gives more details about how
to navigate in the Setup program using the keyboard.
22

KEY FUNCTION
Up Arrow Move to the previous item
Down Arrow Move to the next item
Left Arrow Move to the item on the left (menu bar)
Right Arrow Move to the item on the right (menu bar)
Esc Main Menu: Quit without saving changes
Submenus: Exit Current page to the next higher level
menu
Move Enter Move to the item you desired
Page Up key Increase the numeric value or make changes
Page Down key Decrease the numeric value or make changes
+ key Increase the numeric value or make changes
- key Decrease the numeric value or make changes
F1 key General help on Setup navigation keys- only for Status
Page Setup Menu and Option Page Setup Menu
(Shift) F2 key Change color from total 16 colors. F2 to select color
forward, (Shift) F2 to select color backward
F3 key Calendar, only for Status Page Setup Menu
F4 key Reserved
F5 key Restore the previous CMOS value from CMOS, only for
Option Page Setup Menu
F6 key Load the default CMOS value from BIOS default table,
only for Option Page Setup Menu
F8 key Reserved
F9 key Reserved
F10 key Save all the CMOS changes and exit

23
4.2 Getting Help
Press F1 to pop up a small help window that describes the appropriate keys to use
and the possible selections for the highlighted item. To exit the Help Window press
<Esc> or the <F1> again.

After making and saving system changes with Setup, if you discover that your
computer no longer is able to boot, the Award BIOS supports an override to the
CMOS settings which resets your system to its defaults.

The best advice is to only alter settings that you thoroughly understand. In this
respect, we strongly recommend that you avoid making any changes to the chipset
defaults. These defaults have been carefully chosen by both AWARD and your
system manufacturer to provide the absolute maximum performance and reliability.
Even a seemingly small change to the chipset setup has the potential for causing
your system to be unstable, which would require you to use the override mode.


4.3 Main Menu
Once you enter the AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility, the Main Menu will appear on
the screen. The Main Menu allows you to select from several setup functions and
two exit choices. Use the arrow keys to select among the items and press <Enter>
to accept and enter the sub-menu.
CMOS Setup Utility - Copyright ( C ) 1984-2001 Award Software
Standard CMOS Features
Advanced BIOS Features
Advanced Chipset Features
Integrated Peripherals
Power Management Setup
PnP/PCI Configurations
PC Health Status
Frequency/Voltage Control
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Load Optimized Defaults
Set Supervisor Password
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
Esc : Quit : Select Item
F10 : Save & Exit Setup
Time, Date, Hard Disk Type.
Note that a brief description of each highlighted selection appears at the bottom of
the screen.
The main menu includes the following main setup categories, listed on the next page.
Note that some systems may not include all entries.
24
Standard CMOS Features
Use this menu for basic system configuration. See Section 4.4 for details.
Advanced BIOS Features
Use this menu to set the Advanced Features available on your system. See
Section 4.5 for details.
Advanced Chipset Features
Use this menu to change the values in the chipset registers and optimize your
system's performance. See section 4.6 for the details.
Integrated Peripherals
Use this menu to specify your settings for integrated peripherals. See section
4.7 for the details.
Power Management Setup
Use this menu to specify your settings for power management. See section 4.8
for details.
PnP / PCI Configurations
This entry appears if your system supports PnP / PCI. See section 4.9 for
details.
PC Health Status
Use this menu to monitor your hardware. See section 4.10 for more details.
Frequency/Voltage Control
Use this menu to specify your settings for frequency/voltage control. See
section 4.11 for details.
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Use this menu to load the BIOS default values for the minimal/stable
performance for your system to operate. See section 4.12 for details.
Load Optimized Defaults
Use this menu to load the BIOS default values that are factory settings for
optimal performance system operations. While Award has designed the
custom BIOS to maximize performance, the factory has the right to change
these defaults to meet their needs. See section 4.12 for the details.
Supervisor / User Password
Use this menu to set User and Supervisor Passwords. See section 4.13 for
details.
Save & Exit Setup
Save CMOS value changes to CMOS and exit setup. See section 4.14 for
details.
Exit Without Save
Abandon all CMOS value changes and exit setup. See section 4.14 for details.
25
4.4 Standard CMOS Setup
The items in Standard CMOS Setup Menu are divided into 10 categories. Each
category includes no, one or more than one setup items. Use the arrow keys to
highlight the item and then use the <Page Up> or <Page Down> keys to select the
value you want in each item.
CMOS Setup Utility - Copyright ( C ) 1984-2001 Award Software
Standard CMOS Features
Date: (mm:dd:yy) Mon, Jan 1 2001
Time: (mm:dd:yy) 16:19:20
IDE Primary Master Press Enter 2557 MB
IDE Primary Slave Press Enter None
IDE Secondary Master Press Enter None
IDE Secondary Slave Press Enter None
Drive A 1.44M, 3.5 in.
Drive B None
Video EGA/VGA
Halt On All,But Keyboard
Based Memory 640K
Extended Memory 64512K
Total Memory 65536K
Item Help

Menu Level

Change the day, month,
year and century
Move Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD: Value F10:Save ESC: Exit F1:General Help
F5:Previous Values F6:Fail-safe defaults F7:Optimized Defaults

26

ITEM OPTIONS DESCRIPTION
Date MM DD YYYY Set the system date.
Time HH : MM : SS Set the system time
IDE
Primary Master
Options are in its sub menu
(described in Table 3)
Press <Enter> to enter the sub
menu of detailed options
IDE
Primary Slave
Options are in its sub menu
(described in Table 3)
Press <Enter> to enter the sub
menu of detailed options
IDE
Secondary
Options are in its sub menu
(described in Table 3)
Press <Enter> to enter the sub
menu of detailed options
IDE
Secondary Slave
Options are in its sub menu
(described in Table 3)
Press <Enter> to enter the sub
menu of detailed options
Drive A
Drive B
None
360K, 5.25 in
1.2M, 5.25 in
720K, 3.5 in
1.44M, 3.5 in
2.88M, 3.5 in
Select the type of floppy disk drive
installed in your system
Video EGA/VGA
CGA 40
CGA 80
MONO
Select the default video device
Halt On All Errors
No Errors
All, but Keyboard
All, but Diskette
All, but Disk/Key
Select the situation in which you
want the BIOS to stop the POST
process and notify you
Base Memory N/A Displays the amount of
conventional memory detected
during boot up
Extended
Memory
N/A Displays the amount of extended
memory detected during boot up
Total Memory N/A Displays the total memory available
in the system

27
IDE Adapters
The IDE adapters control the hard disk drive. Use a separate sub menu to
configure each hard disk drive.
CMOS Setup Utility Copyright 1984-2001 Award Software
IDE Primary Master
I DE HDD Auto-Detection Press Enter
IDE Primary Master Auto 2557MB
Access Mode Auto

Cylinder 4956
Head 16
Precomp 0
Landing Zone 4955
Sector 63
Item Help
Menu Level

To auto-detect the HDDs size,
head... on this channel


Move Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD: Value F10:Save ESC: Exit F1:General Help
F5:Previous Values F6:Fail-safe defaults F7:Optimized Defaults
Use the legend keys to navigate through this menu and exit to the main menu,
and use the table on the following page to configure your hard disk.
28


ITEM OPTIONS DESCRIPTION
IDE HDD
Autodetection
Press Enter Press Enter to auto-detect the HDD on this channel.
If detection is successful, it fills the remaining fields on
this menu.
IDE
Primary
Master
None
Auto
Manual
Selecting manual lets you set the remaining fields on
this screen. Selects the type of fixed disk. "User
Type" will let you select the number of cylinders,
heads, etc. Note: PRECOMP=65535 means NONE !
Capacity Auto Display
your disk drive
size
Disk drive capacity (Approximated). Note that this
size is usually slightly greater than the size of a
formatted disk given by a disk checking program.
Access Mode CHS
LBA
Large
Auto
Choose the access mode for this hard disk
The following options are selectable only if the IDE Primary Master item is set to Manual
Cylinder Min = 0
Max = 65535
Set the number of cylinders for this hard disk.
Head Min = 0
Max = 255
Set the number of read/write heads
Precomp Min = 0
Max = 65535
**** Warning: Setting a value of 65535 means no
hard disk
Landing zone Min = 0
Max = 65535
****
Sector Min = 0
Max = 255
Number of sectors per track
29
4.5 Advanced BIOS Features
CMOS Setup Utility Copyright 1984 2000 Award Software
Advanced BIOS Features
Virus Warning [Disabled]
CPU L1 & L2 Cache [Enabled]
Quick Power On Self Test [Enabled]
First Boot device [Floppy]
Second Boot device [HDD-0]
Third Boot device [SCSI]
Boot other device [Enabled]
Swap Floppy Drive [Disabled]
Boot Up Floppy Seek [Enabled]
Boot Up NumLock Status [On]
Gate A20 Option [Fast]
Typematic Rate Setting [Disabled]
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec) [6]
Typematic Delay (Msec) [250]
Security Option [Setup]
OS Select For DRAM > 64MB [Non-OS2]
Item Help
_______________________
Menu Level

Allows you to choose the VIRUS warning
feature for IDE Hard Disk boot sector
protection. If this function is enabled and
someone attempt to write data into this area,
BIOS will show a warning message on screen
and alarm beep

Move Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD: Value F10:Save ESC: Exit F1:General Help
F5:Previous Values F6:Fail-safe defaults F7:Optimized Defaults
Virus Warning
Allow you to choose the VIRUS Warning feature for IDE Hard Disk boot sector
protection. If this function is enabled and some program attempts to write
data into this area, BIOS will show a warning message on screen and the alarm
is triggered.
OPTION DSCRIPTION
Enabled Activates automatically when the system boots up causing a warning
message to appear when anything attempts to access the boot sector or
hard disk partition table.
Disabled No warning message will appear when anything attempts to access the
boot sector or hard disk partition table.
CPU L1 & L2 Cache
These two categories speed up memory access. However, the performance
increase depends on CPU/chipset design.
OPTION DESCRIPTION
Enabled Enable cache
Disabled Disable cache

30
Quick Power On Self Test
This category speeds up Power On Self Test (POST) after you power up the
computer. If it is set to Enable, BIOS will shorten or skip some check items
during POST.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
First/Second/Third/Other Boot Device
The BIOS will attempt to load the operating system from the devices in the
specified sequence.
Options: Floppy, LS120, HDD0-3, SCSI, CDROM, ZIP100, LAN, Disabled.
Swap Floppy Drive
If the system has two floppy drives, you can swap the logical drive name
assignments.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Boot Up Floppy Seek
Seeks disk drives during boot up. Disabling speeds boot up.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Boot Up NumLock Status
Select power on state for NumLock.
Options: On/Off.
Gate A20 Option
Select if chipset or keyboard controller should control GateA20.
OPTION DESCRIPTION
Normal A pin in the keyboard controller controls GateA20
Fast Lets chipset control GateA20
Typematic Rate Setting
Keystrokes repeat at a rate determined by the keyboard controller. When
enabled, the typematic rate and typematic delay can be selected.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec)
Sets the number of times a second to repeat a keystroke when you hold the key
down.
Options: 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 20, 24, 30.
Typematic Delay (Msec)
Sets the delay time after the key is held down before it begins to repeat the
keystroke.
Options: 250, 500, 750, 1000.
31
Security Option
Select whether the password is required every time the system boots or only
when you enter setup.
OPTION DESCRIPTION
System The system will not boot and access to Setup will be
denied if the correct password is not entered at the
prompt.
Setup The system will boot, but access to Setup will be denied
if the correct password is not entered at the prompt.
Note: To disable security, select PASSWORD SETTING at Main Menu and then
you will be asked to enter password. Do not type anything and just press
<Enter>, it will disable security. Once the security is disabled, the system will
boot and you can enter Setup freely.
OS Select For DRAM > 64MB
Select the operating system that is running with greater than 64MB of RAM on
the system.
Options: Non-OS2, OS2.



32
4.6 Advanced Chipset Features
CMOS Setup Utility - Copyright ( C ) 1984-2001 Award Software
Advanced Chipset Features
DRAM Timing Selectable SPD
CAS Latency Time 3
Active to Precharge Delay 6
DRAM RAS# TO CAS# Delay 3
DRAM RAS# Precharge 3
Memory Frequency For Auto
Dram Read Thermal Mgmt Disabled
System BIOS Cacheable Disabled
Video BIOS Cacheable Disabled
Video RAM Cacheable Disabled
Memory Hole At 15M-16M Disabled
Delayed Transaction Enabled
AGP Aperture Size 64
Flash BIOS Disabled
Power-supply Type AT

Item Help
_______________________
Menu Level


Move Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD: Value F10:Save ESC: Exit F1:General Help
F5:Previous Values F6:Fail-safe defaults F7:Optimized Defaults

This section allows you to configure the system based on the specific features of the
installed chipset. This chipset manages bus speeds and access to system memory
resources, such as DRAM and the external cache. It also coordinates
communications between the conventional ISA bus and the PCI bus. It must be
stated that these items should never need to be altered. The default settings are
designed for the best operating conditions for your system.
DRAM Timing Selectable
This item allows you to select the value in this field, depending on whether the
board has paged DRAMs or EDO (extended data output) DRAMs.
Options: SPD, Manual.
CAS Latency Time
When synchronous DRAM is installed, the number of clock cycles of CAS latency
depends on the DRAM timing. Do not set this field different from the default
value specified by the system designer.
Options: 2, 3.
Memory Frequency For
Auto: Auto-detection based on hardware.
PC100/133: 100MHz/133MHz
33
System BIOS Cacheable
Selecting Enabled allows caching of the system BIOS ROM at F0000h-FFFFFh,
resulting in better system performance. However, if any program writes to
this memory area, a system error may result.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Video BIOS Cacheable
Select Enabled allows caching of the video BIOS, resulting in better system
performance. However, if any program writes to this memory area, a system
error may result.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Video RAM Cacheable
Enabling this allows caching of the video RAM, resulting in better system
performance. However, if any program writes to this memory area, a system
error may result.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Memory Hole At 15M-16M
You can reserve this area of system memory for ISA adapter ROM. When this
area is reserved, it cannot be cached. The user information of peripherals that
need to use this area of system memory usually discusses their memory
requirements.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
AGP Aperture Size
Select the size of Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) aperture. The aperture is a
portion of the PCI memory address range dedicated for graphics memory
address space. Host cycles that hit the aperture range are forwarded to the
AGP without any translation.
Options: 8M-32M
Flash BIOS
When enabled, you can update BIOS by software (flash utility).
Options: Enabled,Disabled.
Power-Supply Type
This item sets the power supply type to AT or ATX.

34
4.7 Integrated Peripherals
CMOS Setup Utility Copyright 1984 2001 Award Software
Integrated Peripherals
On-Chip Primary PCI IDE [Enabled]
IDE Primary Master PIO [ Auto]
IDE Primary Slave PIO [Auto]
IDE Primary Master UDMA [Auto]
IDE Primary Slave UDMA [Auto]
On-Chip Secondary PCI IDE [Enabled]
IDE Secondary Master PIO [Auto]
IDE Secondary Slave PIO [Auto]
IDE Secondary Master UDMA [Auto]
IDE Secondary Slave UDMA [Auto]
USB Controller [Enabled]
USB Keyboard Support [Disabled]
USB Mouse Support [Disabled]
Onboard LAN(82559) [Enabled]
Onboard VGA Device [Enabled]
Init Display First [PCI Slot]
IDE HDD Block Mode [Enabled]
POWER ON Function [BUTTON ONLY]
Onboard FDC Controller [Enabled]
Onboard Serial Port 1 [Auto]
Onboard Serial Port 2 [Auto]
UART 2 Mode [Standard]
IR Function Duplex [Half]
TX,RX inverting enable [No, Yes]
Onboard Parallel Port [378/IRQ7]
Onboard Parallel Mode [Normal]
Parallel Port EPP Type [EPP1.7]
ECP Mode Use DMA [3]
PWRON After PWR-Fail [Off]
Item Help
____________________
Menu Level
If your IDE hard drive supports
block mode select Enabled for
automatic detection of the optimal
number of block read/write per
sector the drive can support

Move Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD: Value F10:Save ESC: Exit F1:General Help
F5:Previous Values F6:Fail-safe defaults F7:Optimized Defaults
On-Chip Primary PCI IDE
The chipset contains a PCI IDE interface with support for two IDE channels.
Enable this to activate the primary IDE interface. Select Disabled to
deactivate this interface
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Primary/Secondary Master/Slave PIO
The four IDE PIO (Programmed Input/Output) fields let you set a PIO mode
(0-4) for each of the four IDE devices that the onboard IDE interface supports.
Modes 0 through 4 provide successively increased performance. In Auto mode,
the system automatically determines the best mode for each device.
Options: Auto, Mode 0, Mode 1, Mode 2, Mode 3, Mode 4.
Primary/Secondary Master/Slave UDMA
Ultra DMA-33/66/100 implementation is possible only if the IDE hard drives
support it and the operating environment includes a DMA driver (Windows 95
OSR2 or a third-party IDE bus master driver). If your hard drive and your
system software support Ultra DMA-33/66/100, select Auto to enable BIOS
support.
Options: Auto, Mode 0, Mode 1, Mode 2, Mode 3, Mode 4.
35
Init Display First
This item allows you to decide to activate the PCI Slot or AGP for a VGA card
first.
Options: PCI Slot,AGP
IDE HDD Block Mode
Block mode is also called block transfer, multiple commands, or multiple sector
read/write. If your IDE hard drive supports block mode (most new drives do),
enable this for automatic detection of the optimal number of block read/writes
per sector the drive can support.
Options: Enabled, Disabled
Onboard FDC Controller
Enable this if your system has a floppy disk controller (FDC) installed on the
system board and you wish to use it. If you install and-in FDC or the system
has no floppy drive, disable this option.
OnChip USB
This should be enabled if your system has a USB installed on the system board
and you want to use it. If you are using an add-on USB controller, this needs
to be disabled.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Onboard Serial Port 1/Port 2
Select an address and corresponding interrupt for the first and second serial
ports.
Options: 3F8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4, 2F8/IRQ3, Disabled, Auto.
UART 2 Mode
This item allows you to select which mode for the Onboard Serial Port 2.
Options: Standard, HPSIR, ASKIR.
IR Function Duplex
This item allows you to select the IR half/full duplex function.
Options: Half, Full.
TX, RX inverting enable
This item allows you to enable the TX, RX inverting for different hardware
requirements. We do not recommend changing this option as system errors
may result if the setting is incorrect.
Options: No, No/ No, Yes(Default)/ Yes, No/ Yes, Yes.
Onboard Parallel Port
This item allows you to determine onboard parallel port controller I/O address
setting.
Options: 378/IRQ7, 278/IRQ5, 3BC/IRQ7, Disabled
36
Parallel Port Mode
Select an operating mode for the onboard parallel (printer) port. Select
Normal, Compatible, or SPP unless you are certain your hardware and software
both support one of the other available modes.
Options: Normal, EPP, ECP, ECP/EPP
ECP Mode Use DMA
Select a DMA channel for the parallel port for use during ECP mode.
Options: 3, 1.
Parallel Port EPP Type
Select EPP port type 1.7 or 1.9.
Options: EPP1.7, EPP1.9
37
4.8 Power Management Setup
The Power Management Setup allows you to configure you system to most
effectively save energy while operating in a manner consistent with your own style
of computer use.
CMOS Setup Utility Copyright 1984 2001 Award Software
Power Management Setup
ACPI function [Disabled]
ACPI Suspend Type [S1(POS)]
Power Management [User Define]
Video Off Method [V/H SYNC+Blank]
Video Off In Suspend [Yes]
MODEM Use IRQ [3]
Suspend Mode [Disabled]
HDD Power Down [Disabled]
Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN [Instant-Off]
Power On by Ring [Enabled]
Resume by Alarm [Disabled]

Item Help
_______________________
Menu Level


Move Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD: Value F10:Save ESC: Exit F1:General
Help
F5:Previous Values F6:Fail-safe defaults F7:Optimized Defaults
ACPI Function
This item allows you to enable/disable the Advanced Configuration and Power
Management (ACPI).
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Power Management
This category allows you to select the type (or degree) of power saving and is
directly related to the following modes:

1. HDD Power Down : When enabled and after the set time of system
inactivity, the hard disk drive will be powered down while all other devices
remain active.
2. Doze Mode: When enabled and after the set time of system inactivity, the
CPU clock will run at slower speed while all other devices still operate at full
speed.
3. Suspend Mode: When enabled and after the set time of system inactivity,
all devices except the CPU will be shut off.

38
There are four selections for Power Management, three of which have fixed
mode settings.
OPTION DESCRIPTION
Disabled (default) No power management. Disables all four modes
Min. Power Saving Minimum power management. Doze Mode = 1 hr. Standby
Mode = 1 hr., Suspend Mode = 1 hr., and HDD Power Down = 15
min.
Max. Power Saving Maximum power management -- ONLY AVAILABLE FOR SL
CPUs. Doze Mode = 1 min., Standby Mode = 1 min., Suspend
Mode = 1 min., and HDD Power Down = 1 min.
User Defined Allows you to set each mode individually. When not disabled,
each of the ranges are from 1 min. to 1 hr. except for HDD
Power Down which ranges from 1 min. to 15 min. and disable.
Video Off In Suspend
When enabled, this feature allows the VGA adapter to operate in power saving
mode.
OPTION DESCRIPTION
NO Monitor will remain on during power saving modes.
YES Monitor blanked when the systems enters the Suspend mode.
Video Off Method
This determines the manner in which the monitor is blanked.
OPTION DESCRIPTION
V/H SYNC+Blank This selection will cause the system to turn off the vertical
and horizontal synchronization ports and write blanks to the
video buffer.
Blank Screen This option only writes blanks to the video buffer.
DPMS Support Select this option if your monitor supports the Display Power
Management Signaling (DPMS) standard of the Video
Electronics Standards to select video power management
values.
MODEM Use IRQ
This determines the IRQ in which the MODEM can use.
Options: 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, NA.
Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN
Pressing the power button for more than 4 seconds forces the system to enter
the Soft-Off state when the system has become unresponsive
Options: Delay 4 Sec, Instant-Off.

39
Wake Up Events
Wake Up events are I/O events whose occurrence can prevent the system from
entering a power saving mode or can awaken the system from such a mode.
In effect, the system remains alert for anything that occurs to a device
configured as On, even when the system is in a power down mode.
Power On by Ring
An input signal on the serial Ring Indicator (RI) line (in other words, an
incoming call on the modem) and LAN WOL awaken the system from a soft
off state.
Resume by Alarm
When Enabled, your can set the date and time at which the RTC (real-time
clock) alarm awakens the system from Suspend mode.


4.9 PnP/PCI Configuration Setup
This section describes configuring the PCI bus system. PCI, or Personal Computer
Interconnect, is a system that allows I/O devices to operate at a speed close to
speed the CPU. This section covers some very technical items and it is strongly
recommended that only experienced users should make any changes to the default
settings.
CMOS Setup Utility Copyright 1984-2001 Award Software
PnP/PCI Configurations
PnP OS Installed [No]
Reset Configuration Data [Disabled]
Resources Controlled By [Auto(ESCD)]
x IRQ Resources [Press Enter]
x DMA Resources [Press Enter]


PCI/VGA Palette Snoop [Disabled]
Assign IRQ For VGA [Enabled]
Assign IRQ For USB [Enabled]
PCI Latency Timer(CLK) [32]

Item Help
-------------------------
Menu Level

Default is Disabled. Select Enabled to reset
Extended System Configuration Data(ESCD) when
you exit Setup if you have installed a new add-on
and the system reconfiguration has caused such a
serious conflict that the OS cannot boot
Move Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD: Value F10:Save ESC: Exit F1:General Help
F5:Previous Values F6:Fail-safe defaults F7:Optimized Defaults
PnP OS Installed
This item allows you to specify whether a PnP OS installed.
Options: Yes, No.
40
Reset Configuration Data
Normally, you leave this field Disabled. Select Enabled to reset Extended
System Configuration Data (ESCD) when you exit Setup if you have installed a
new add-on and the system reconfiguration has caused such a serious conflict
that the operating system cannot startup.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Resource controlled by
The Award Plug and Play BIOS has the capacity to automatically configure all of
the boot and Plug and Play compatible devices. However, this capability
means absolutely nothing unless you are using a Plug and Play operating
system such as Windows95. If you set this field to manual choose specific
resources by going into each of the sub menu that follows this field (a sub menu
is preceded by a ).
Options: Auto (ESCD), Manual.
IRQ Resources
When resources are controlled manually, assign each system interrupt a type,
depending on the type of device using the interrupt.
IRQ3/4/5/7/9/10/11/12/14/15 assigned to
Legacy ISA devices are ISA devices compliant with the original PC AT bus
specification, requiring a specific interrupt (such as IRQ4 for serial port 1).
PCI/ISA PnP Devices are ISA and PCI devices supporting Plug and Play.
Options: PCI/ISA PnP, Legacy ISA.
DMA Resource
When resources are controlled manually, assign each system DMA channel a
type, depending on the type of device using the DMA channel.
DMA 0/1/3/5/6/7 assigned to
Legacy ISA devices are ISA devices compliant with the original PC AT bus
specification. PCI/ISA PnP Devices are ISA and PCI devices supporting
Plug and Play.
Options: PCI/ISA PnP, Legacy ISA.
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
Please leave this field disabled.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Assign IRQ For USB
Enable or disable IRQ assignment for USB devices.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
41
4.10 PC Health Status
This screen displays some statistics on your systems state, like temperature, fan
speed and voltage.
CMOS Setup Utility Copyright 1984-2001 Award Software
PC Health Status
Current System1 Temp. 28J
Current System2 Temp. 32J
Current CPU Temp 32J
Current FAN1 Speed 5336RPM
Current FAN2 Speed 5353RPM
Current FAN3 Speed 5353RPM
Vcore 1.75V
+3.3V 3.32V
+5V 5.01V
+12V 12.05V
-12V -12.19V
-5V -5.04V
5VSB(V) 5.02V
Item Help
-------------------------
Menu Level


Move Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD: Value F10:Save ESC: Exit F1:General Help
F5:Previous Values F6:Fail-safe defaults F7:Optimized Defaults


4.11 Frequency/Voltage Control
CMOS Setup Utility Copyright 1984-2001 Award Software
Frequency/Voltage Control
CPU Clock Ratio [8X]
Auto Detect DIMM/PCI Clk [Disabled]
Spread Spectrum [Disabled]
CPU HOST/SDRAM/PCI Clock [Default ]

Item Help
-------------------------------------------
------
Menu Level


Move Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD: Value F10:Save ESC: Exit F1:General Help
F5:Previous Values F6:Fail-safe defaults F7:Optimized Defaults
CPU Clock Ratio
This item allows you to select CPU clock ratio. (This item will not be useful if
the CPU clock ratio is permanently fixed)
Auto Detect DIMM/PCI CLK
This item allows you to enable/disable DIMM/PCI Clock auto-detection.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
42
Spread Spectrum
This item allows you to enable/disable the spread spectrum modulate.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
CPU Host/DRAM/PCI Clock
This item allows you to select CPU/DRAM/PCI frequency.
Options: Default, 133/33MHz, 136/34MHz..


4.12 Default Menus
Selecting Defaults from the main menu shows you two options that are described
below
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
When you press <Enter> on this item you get a confirmation dialog box with a
message similar to:

Load Fail-Safe Defaults (Y/N) ? N

Pressing Y loads the BIOS default values for the most stable,
minimal-performance system operations.
Load Optimized Defaults
When you press <Enter> on this item you get a confirmation dialog box with a
message similar to:

Load Optimized Defaults (Y/N) ? N

Pressing Y loads the default values that are factory settings for optimal system
performance.


43
4.13 Supervisor/User Password
You can set either supervisor or user password, or both of then. The differences
between are:
Supervisor password:
You can enter and change the options of the setup menus.
User password:
You can only enter the setup menus, but cannot change any settings except the
user password

When you select this function, the following message will appear at the center of the
screen to assist you in creating a password.

ENTER PASSWORD:

Type the password, up to eight characters in length, and press <Enter>. The
password entered replaces any previously entered password from CMOS memory.
You will be asked to confirm the password. Type the password again and press
<Enter>. You may also press <Esc> to abort the operation and not enter a
password.
To disable the password, just press <Enter> when you are prompted to enter the
password. A message will confirm the password will be disabled. Once the
password is disabled, the system will boot and you can enter Setup freely.

PASSWORD DISABLED.

When a password has been enabled, you will be prompted to enter it every time you
try to enter Setup. This prevents an unauthorized person from changing any part
of your system configuration.
Additionally, when a password is enabled, you can also set the BIOS in the Security
option (see Section 3) of the BIOS Features Setup Menu to prompt for a password
every time your system is rebooted. If the Security option is set to system, the
password will be required both at boot and at entry to Setup. If it is set to Setup,
a password is only prompted when you enter BIOS Setup.


44
4.14 Exiting Selections
Save & Exit Setup
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:

Save to CMOS and EXIT (Y/N)? Y

Pressing Y stores the selections made in the menus in CMOS a special section of
memory that stays on after you turn your system off. The next time you boot your
computer, the BIOS configures your system according to the Setup selections stored
in CMOS. After saving the values the system is restarted again.

Exit Without Saving
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:

Quit without saving (Y/N)? Y

This allows you to exit Setup without storing any changes in CMOS. The previous
selections remain in effect. This exits the Setup utility and restarts your computer.
45

Appendix A Watchdog Timer
The Watchdog Timer is a device to ensure that standalone systems can always
recover from abnormal conditions that cause the system to crash. These
conditions may have resulted from an external EMI or a software bug. When the
system stops working, hardware on the board will perform a hardware reset (cold
boot) to bring the system back to a known state.

Three I/O ports control the operation of Watchdog Timer, which is described in the
following table.
I/O PORT ACTION DESCRIPTION
443 (hex) Write Set time-out period
443 (hex) Read Enable the refreshing of the Watchdog Timer.
043/843 (hex) Read Disable the Watchdog Timer.

Prior to enabling the Watchdog Timer, set the time-out period. The range of the
timer is 1 to 255 sec, set in increments of 1 second. Send the time-out value to the
I/O port 443H, and then enable it by reading data from the same I/O port. This will
activate the timer, which will eventually time out and check and monitor the CPU
board. This must be done within the time-out period that is set by the software.
For additional help, please refer to the example program. Finally, disable the
Watchdog timer by reading the I/O port 843H or 043H, otherwise the system will
reset unconditionally. Please refer to the sample assembly program on the next
page for more details.

Note: A margin of error of at least 5% must be maintained to avoid unknown
routines in the operating system (DOS), such as disk I/O, which can be very
time-consuming. Therefore if the time-out period is set to 10 seconds, the
I/O port 443H must be completely read within 7 seconds.
46
Sample assembly program:

TIMER_PORT = 443H
TIMER_START = 443H
TIMER_STOP = 843H

;; Initialize Timer

MOV DX, TIMER_PORT
MOV AL, 8 ;;8 seconds
OUT DX, AL
MOV DX, TIMER_START
IN AL, DX ;;Start counter

W_LOOP:
MOV DX, TIMER_STOP
IN AL, DX
MOV DX, TIMER_START
IN AL, DX ;;Restart counter

;;Add Your Application/Implementation Here

CMP EXIT_AP, 0
JNE W_LOOP
MOV DX, TIMER_STOP
IN AL, DX
;;Exit the application
47

Appendix B I/O Mappings
I/O Address Mappings
I/O ADDRESS DESCRIPTION
000-01F DMA Controller #1
020-021 Interrupt Controller # 1, Master
040-05F System Timer
060-06F Standard 101/102 keyboard Controller
070-07F Real time Clock, NMI Controller
080-0BF DMA Page Register
0A0-0BF Interrupt Controller # 2
0C0-0DF DMA Controller # 2
0F0-0F0 Clear Math Coprocessor Busy
0F1-0F1 Reset Math Coprocessor
0F8-OFF Math Coprocessor
170-1F7 BUS Master PCI IDE Controller
278-27F Parallel Printer Port 2
2F8-2FF Serial Port 2
376-376 BUS Master PCI IDE Controller
378-37F Parallel Printer Port 1
3B0-3DF SiS 315 AGP Graphic Adapter
3F0-3F7 Floppy Disk Controller
3F8-3FF Serial Port 1
443 Watch dog timer enable
480-48F PCI BUS
843/043 Watch dog timer disable

48
1st MB Memory Address Mappings
MEMORY ADDRESS DESCRIPTION
00000-9FFFF SYSTEM MEMORY
A0000-BFFFF VGA BUFFER
C0000-CFFFF VGA BIOS
E0000-FFFFF SYSTEM BIOS
100000 EXTENDED MEMORY
IRQ Mappings
IRQ DESCRIPTION IRQ DESCRIPTION
IRQ0 System Timer IRQ8 RTC clock
IRQ1 Keyboard IRQ9 IRQ FOR PCI STEERING
IRQ2 IRQ Controller IRQ10 LAN
IRQ3 COM2 IRQ11 LAN
IRQ4 COM1 IRQ12 PS/2 mouse
IRQ5 AUDIO IRQ13 FPU
IRQ6 FDC IRQ14 Primary IDE
IRQ7 Printer IRQ15 Secondary IDE
DMA Channel Assignments
CHANNEL DESCRIPTION
0 Available
1 Available
2 Floppy disk
3 Available
4 Cascade for DMA controller 1
5 Available
6 Available
7 Available

49

Appendix C ATX Power Supply
The following notes show how to connect ATX Power Supply to the backplanes
and/or the ISBC card. The cables used here are shown below:

For backplanes with ATX Connector

1. Please disconnect the AC cord of the Power Supply from the AC source to
prevent sudden electric surges to the board.
2. Please, check the type of your CPU board. All CPU board listed on the here
support ATX power supply but has two types of power switch connections:

ROCKY-4782E2V (through Power Button & GND)

Connect the ATX power button switch to the CN10 (power button) and connect the
power cable from Backplane to CN17 of CPU card as shown in the above diagram.

If you want to turn ON the system, just press the button once.
And if you want to turn off the power supply, please press the ATX power switch
button for about 4 seconds.
50
For the backplanes with ATX power supply connector

For some SBC without ATX power ON/OFF function, you can control the ATX power
supply through backplanes PS ON connector. Please refer to the figure below:

For the backplanes with ATX connector, simply doing the following can make the
connection:
1. Connect the ON/OFF (ordinary one) switch to Pin 2 (PS ON) and Pin 3 (GND) of
connector CN2
You may now turn the power ON/OFF by the power switch
51

Appendix D
How to Use the Wake-up Function
The ROCKY-4782E2V provides two types of Wake Up functions.
This page describes how to use the Modem Wake-Up and LAN Wake-Up.
Wake-Up function is working while you use ATX power supply,

Wake-Up By Modem Ring On:
You must enable Wake Up On LAN/ Ring in CMOS SETUP. The ATX power
supply will be switched on when there is a ring signal detected on pin RI of
serial port.

Wake-Up On LAN:
You must enable Wake Up On LAN/ Ring in CMOS SETUP. When your
computer is in power-down status, you can see LAN Link/Active LED is flashing.
This status indicates that the LAN chip has entered standby mode and waits for
Wake-Up signal. You can use other computers to wake up your computer by
sending ID to it.

ID: ID is the address of your system LAN. Every LAN chip has a factory-set ID
that you can find from network information in Microsoft Windows in the format
xx-xx-xx-xx-xx-xx, like 00905C21D4.