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Timber Formwork for Elevated Slabs

An interactive spreadsheet for the


design of timber formwork systems
for cast in place elevated concrete slabs
General Note:
- Numbers that appear in BLUE are input by the user
- Numbers that appear in RED are calculated by the computer
Design Load: All formulas, calculations and tables
- Calculated combined dead and live loads to be used for the design were based on ACI Committee 347,
Plywood Formwork for Concrete, 6th ed.
- Calculated and practical joist spacing based on plywood properties http://www.engineersdaily.com
Studs-Wales
- Calculated and practical stringrer spacing based on stud properties
Stringer-Shore
- Calculated and practical shore spacing based on stringer properties
Shore Credit
- Calculated axial capacity for selected shore size and properties
Horizontal Strut Braces
- Calculated axial capacity for selected brace size and properties
Calculation Summary
- Bending, deflection & shear /// Plus axial loads & column stability
Source
All formulas, calculations and tables
were based on ACI Committee 347,
Formwork for Concrete, 6th ed.
http://www.engineersdaily.com
Credit
William "Bill" C. Epstein
Associate Professor, CM Dept.
Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo
Source
Fill in the Following Unknowns:
Weight of Concrete (lb./cubic foot.):
170
Minimum Construction Live Load (lb/square foot):
55
100
Thickness of Elevated Slab (inches):
6
Estimated Weight of forwork (lb/squre foot):
10
Ceiling Height (feet):
10
Designed Vertical Pressure (lb./square foot):
150.00
Design Load on Formwork
Pressure
All Plywood is classified as Plywood B-B Class I Sheathing.
10
Standard
Plywood
Net-thickness
inches
1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1 1/8
Calculated Maximum Joist spacing:
21.19 Inches
Enter Actural Joist Spacing:
19.20 Inches
Plywood and Joist Spacing
Plywood
SPECIES & GRADE Moisture Content
(DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2 in. and wider
(DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH) Construction, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4in. wide
(DOUGLAS FIR-SOUTH) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2 in. and wider
(DOUGLAS FIR-SOUTH) Construction, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4in. wide
(SOUTHERN PINE) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4 in. wide Single / Multiple Use
(SOUTHERN PINE) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 5-6 in. wide
(SOUTHERN PINE) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 8 in. wide
(SOUTHERN PINE) Construction, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4in. wide
(SPRUCE-PINE-FIR) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2 in. and wider Nominal Size of Joists
(SPRUCE-PINE-FIR) Construction, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4in. wide
(HEM-FIR) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2 in. and wider
Length of Split
No Split Finish of Material
1/2 the wide face
3/4 the wide face
The width of the wide face
1.5 and more of the wide face
Suggested Stringer spacing:
68.71 inches
Actual Stringer Spacing:
60.00 inches
Bearing check between joists and stringers: pass
Joist Size and Stringer Spacing
Joists-Stringers
SPECIES & GRADE Moisture Content
(DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2 in. and wider
(DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH) Construction, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4in. wide
(DOUGLAS FIR-SOUTH) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2 in. and wider
(SOUTHERN PINE) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4 in. wide
(SOUTHERN PINE) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 5-6 in. wide
(SOUTHERN PINE) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 5-6 in. wide Single / Multiple Use
(SOUTHERN PINE) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 8 in. wide
(SOUTHERN PINE) Construction, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4in. wide
(SPRUCE-PINE-FIR) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2 in. and wider
(SPRUCE-PINE-FIR) Construction, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4in. wide Nominal Size of Stringers
(HEM-FIR) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2 in. and wider (HEM-FIR) Construction, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4in. wide
Length of Split
No Splits
1/2 the wide face Finish of Material
3/4 the wide face
The width of the wide face 1.5 and more of the wide face
Suggested Shore spacing (inches):
59.39
Actual Shore Spacing (inches):
57.00
Bearing check between shore and stringer: pass
Stringer Size and Shore Spacing
Stringer-Shore
Note: All Shoring is treated as if both faces are NOT braced.
SPECIES & GRADE Moisture Content
(DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2 in. and wider
(DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH) Construction, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4in. wide
(DOUGLAS FIR-SOUTH) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2 in. and wider
(SOUTHERN PINE) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4 in. wide
(SOUTHERN PINE) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 5-6 in. wide Single / Multiple Use
(SOUTHERN PINE) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 5-6 in. wide
(SOUTHERN PINE) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 8 in. wide
(SOUTHERN PINE) Construction, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4in. wide
(HEM-FIR) Construction, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4in. wide
Nominal Size of Shores
Test for Axial Load: pass
Test for Slenderness: pass
Finish of Material
Shore Size and Spacing
Shore
SPECIES & GRADE Moisture Content
(DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2 in. and wider
(DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH) Construction, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4in. wide
(DOUGLAS FIR-SOUTH) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2 in. and wider
(SOUTHERN PINE) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4 in. wide
(SOUTHERN PINE) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 5-6 in. wide Single / Multiple Use
(SOUTHERN PINE) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 5-6 in. wide
(SOUTHERN PINE) No. 2, 2-4 in. thick, 8 in. wide
(SOUTHERN PINE) Construction, 2-4 in. thick, 2-4in. wide
Nominal Size of Shores
Finish of Material
Horizontal Strut Brace
Shore
60 Ft
40 Ft 114.00 PLF
2% of Concrete DL (lb)
2% of Formwork DL (lb)
100.00 PLF
Lateral Force in N/S Direction (PLF) Lateral Force in N/S Direction (PLF)
Max. Unbraced Length (in) Max. Unbraced Length (in)
(Shore Spacing)
Test for Slenderness: Test for Slenderness:
Max. Tributary Length (Ft) Max. Tributary Length (Ft)
100.00
North-South Direction
57.00
<------Joists------>
Horizontal Strut Brace Load
N
East-West Direction
pass
15.64
Length of Slab (Ft)
60.00
Width of Slab (Ft)
40.00
2% of Concrete DL (lb)
4080.00
2% of Formwork DL (lb)
480.00
Joist Orientation
Lateral Force in N/S Direction (PLF)
114.00
Max. Unbraced Length (in)
60.00
(Stringer Spacing)
Test for Slenderness:
pass
Max. Tributary Length (Ft)
12.45
CONTROLLING
Horizontal Strut Brace Load
East-West Direction
Calculation Summary
Bending 25.22 Rolling Shear
size: 3/4" size: 3/4"
Fb: 1545 Fs: 57
S: 0.412 lb/Q: 6.762
w: 150.00 w: 150.00
Adjustment: 1.25 Adjustment: 1.25
Alternate Fb: Alternate Fs:
l / 360 Deflection 21.19
D = 1/16''
Deflection
size: 3/4" size: 3/4"
E: 1500000 E: 1500000
I: 0.197 I: 0.197
w: 150.00 w: 150.00
Adjustment: 1 Adjust (Moisture): 1
Alternate E: Alternate E:
Minimum Value: 21.19
Bending 68.71 Shear
size: 2x6 size: 2x6
Fb: 1250 Fv 90
S: 7.56 d 5.5
w: 240.00 w: 240.00
Adjust (Moisture): 1 bd: 8.25
Adjust (Use): 1 Adjust (Moisture): 1
Adjust (size): 1 Adjust (Use): 1
Alternate Fb: Adjust (shear): 2
Alternate Fv:
l / 360 Deflection 87.47
D = 1/4''
Deflection
size: 2x6 size: 2x6
E 1600000 E 1600000
JOIST SPACING
STRINGER SPACING
Page 11
Calculation Summary
I: 20.8 I: 20.8
w: 240.00 w: 240.00
Adjust (Moisture): 1 Adjust (Moisture): 1
Adjust (Use): 1 Adjust (Use): 1
Alternate E: Alternate E:
Minimum Value: 68.71
Bending 59.39 Shear
size: 4x6 size: 4x6
Fb: 1250 Fv 90
S: 17.65 d 5.5
w: 750.00 w: 750.00
Adjust (Moisture): 1 bd: 19.25
Adjust (Use): 1 Adjust (Moisture): 1
Adjust (size): 1 Adjust (Use): 1
Alternate Fb: Adjust (shear): 2
Alternate Fv:
l / 360 Deflection 79.36
D = 1/4''
Deflection
size: 4x6 size: 4x6
E 1600000 E 1600000
I: 48.53 I: 48.53
w: 750.00 w: 750.00
Adjust (Moisture): 1 Adjust (Moisture): 1
Adjust (Use): 1 Adjust (Use): 1
Alternate E: Alternate E:
Minimum Value: 59.39
SHORE SPACING
Page 12
Calculation Summary
w: 1200.00 w: 3562.50
Width of Joist: 1.5 Width of Stringer: 3.5
Width of Stringer: 3.5 Width of Shore: 3.625
Contact Area: 5.25 Contact Area: 12.6875
Actual Stress (psi): 228.57 Actual Stress (psi): 280.79
Allowable Stress (psi): 565 pass Allowable Stress (psi): 565
E: 1,500,000
Alternate E:
Fc: 1,600
Alternate Fc:
d 3.625
le: 120.00
le/d: 33.10 pass
Fc Adjust (Moisture): 1
Adjust (Use): 1
Adjust (size): 1
x: 0.2567
Axial Load and Slenderness Test
Bearing Joists-Stringers Bearing Stringers-Shores
SHORES
Page 13
Calculation Summary
Cp: 0.2413
Area: 13.14
axial Load Capacity:
5073.16
pass
Total Load 3562.50
E: 1500000 E: 1500000
Alternate E: Alternate E:
Fc: 1600 Fc: 1600
Alternate Fc: Alternate Fc:
d 1.5 d 1.5
le: 57.00 le: 60.00
le/d: 38.00 pass le/d: 40.00
Fc Adjust (Moisture): 1 Fc Adjust (Moisture): 1
Adjust (Use): 1 Adjust (Use): 1
Adjust (size): 1 Adjust (size): 1
x: 0.1948 x: 0.1758
Cp: 0.1862 Cp: 0.1689
Area: 5.25 Area: 5.25
Axial Load Capacity: 1564.47 Axial Load Capacity: 1418.89
Max. Tributary Length: 15.64 Max. Tributary Length: 12.45
Maximum Tributary Length (Ft):
HORIZONTAL BRACES
13.69
North-South Direction East-West Direction
Axial Load, Slenderness Test & Tributary Length
Page 14
Calculation Summary
65.74
21.52
93.50
88.19
JOIST SPACING
STRINGER SPACING
Page 15
Calculation Summary
72.60
81.98
SHORE SPACING
Page 16
Calculation Summary
pass
Bearing Stringers-Shores
Page 17
Calculation Summary
pass
CONTROLLING
HORIZONTAL BRACES
East-West Direction
Axial Load, Slenderness Test & Tributary Length
Page 18