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Directions: Read the passages. Then answer the questions below.

Vaccines are prepared from harmful viruses or bacteria and administered to patients to
provide immunity to specific diseases. The various types of vaccines are classified according
to the method by which they are derived.
The most basic class of vaccines actually contains disease-causing microorganisms
that have been killed with a solution containing formaldehyde. In this type of vaccine, the
microorganisms are dead and therefore cannot cause disease; however, the antigens found in
and on the microorganisms can still stimulate the formation of antibodies. Examples of this
type of vaccine are the ones that fight influenza, typhoid fever, and cholera.
A second type of vaccine contains the toxins produced by the microorganisms rather
than the microorganisms themselves. This type of vaccine is prepared when the
microorganism itself does little damage but the toxin within the microorganism is extremely
harmful. For example, the bacteria that cause diphtheria can thrive in the throat without much
harm, but when toxins are released from the bacteria, muscles can become paralyzed and
death can ensue.
A final type of vaccine contains living microorganisms that have been rendered
harmless. With this type of vaccine, a large number of antigen molecules are produced and
the immunity that results is generally longer lasting than the immunity from other types of
vaccines. The Sabin oral antipolio vaccine and the BCG vaccine against tuberculosis are
examples of this type of vaccine.

1. What is the main idea of the passage?
The main idea of this passage is types of vaccines
2. How many types of vaccines are presented in the passage?
There are three types of vaccines in the passage
3. Which paragraph that discusses vaccines made from dead organisms?
The paragraph that discusses about vaccines made from dead organism is the
second paragraph
4. Which paragraph that discusses vaccines that do not contain the disease-causing
The paragraph that discusses about vaccines that do not contain the disease-
causing microorganism is the third paragraph
Blood plasma is a clear, almost colorless liquid. It contains of blood from which the
red and white blood cells have been removed. It is often used in transfusions because a
patient generally needs the plasma portion of the blood more than the other components.
Plasma differs in several important ways from whole blood. First of all, plasma can be
mixed for all donors and does not have to be from the right blood group, as whole blood does.
In addition, plasma can be dried and stored, while whole blood cannot.

5. What is the best title from the passage above?
The best tittle of the passage is The Differences of Blood Plasma and Whole
6. What is the best conclusion from that passage?
The best conculusion is blood plasma is different with whole blood. Plasma can be
mixed for all donors and whole blood cant be dried and stored.

Manic depression is another psychiatric illness that mainly affects the mood. A patient
suffering from this diseases will alternate between periods of manic excitement and extreme
depression, with or without relatively normal periods in between. The changes in mood
suffered by a manic-depressive patient go far beyond the day-to-day mood changes
experienced by the general population. In the period of manic excitement, the mood elevation
can become so intense that it can result in extended insomnia, extreme irritability, and
heightened aggressiveness. In the period of depression, which may last for several weeks or
months, a patient experiences feelings of general fatigue, uselessness, and hopelessness, and,
in serious cases, may contemplate suicide.

7. The paragraph preceding this passage most probably discusses?
The paragraph preceding this passage most probably discusses about the effect of
manic depression that can affect a mood changes of its sufferer
8. The topic of this passage is?
The topic of this passage is manic depression as one of the psychiatric illnes
9. The passage indicates that most people?
The passage indicates that the most people have a normal period of mood changes
and hava a balance feeling between excitement and depression
10. The passage implies that?
The passage implies that manic depression is one of the psychiatric illness that can
threaten a patients life because the extreme effect and period between the mood
derivation and the mood elevation of a manic depressions patient that anybody
cant predict.