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GLOSSRIO

REA: SIDERURGIA
SUB-REA: LAMINAO



Pontifcia Universidade Catlica do Rio de Janeiro
Departamento de Letras / CCE
Curso de Formao de Tradutores Ingls-Portugus (2005)
Disciplina: Terminologia
Professora: Adriana Ceschin Rieche

Alunos: ALESSANDRA GOULART
JOS PEDRO ALVIM
LILIA CRISSIUMA PALHARES



_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Termo L1 Definio L1 Contexto Termo L2 Contexto Observaes

1 AGC (acr.) Automatic Gauge Control -
This system makes use of
large hydraulic cylinders to
apply corrective force to
the back-up rolls in order
to maintain an even gauge
on the strip steel being
rolled. AD S1
The horizontal stand is
equipped with a screw down
system (electrical gap
control); back-up roll
balancing system; work roll
bending system; hydraulic
gap control with AGC
(automatic gauge control);
THC (thickness control); and
DPC (dynamic profile control)
function.
S2
controle
automtico de
espessura (SN)
Dessas causas, a primeira
e a terceira so as mais
fceis de serem controladas
pelo Controle Automtico
de Espessura (AGC), por
ocorrem uma nica vez ou
de forma relativamente
lenta durante o
processamento.
S3
Em
portugus, a
forma por
extenso
mais
comum,
sendo o
acrnimo
menos
usado.
2 alloy steel (np) An iron-based mixture is
considered to be an alloy
steel when manganese is
greater than 1.65%, silicon
over 0.5%, copper above
0.6%, or other minimum
quantities of alloying
elements such as
chromium, nickel,
molybdenum, or tungsten
are present.
S4
Typically, alloy steels are
designated by distinct AISI
(American Iron and Steel
Institute) four-digit numbers.
The first two digits indicate
the leading alloying elements,
while the last two digits give
the nominal carbon content of
the alloy in hundredths of a
percent.
S5

ao-liga (s.m.) Ao-liga: considera-se um
ao-liga quando a
porcentagem mxima dos
elementos de liga que
contm excede um ou mais
dos limites seguintes:
mangans: 1,54%; slica:
0,6%; cobre: 0,6%.
S6

3 back-up roll
(np)
It is usually a set of two
rolls, one on top and one
on bottom of the two work
Past approaches to
improvements in back-up roll
design have been based
cilindro de
encosto (SN)
Nos laminadores qudruos
de produtos planos
necessrio retificar
Em L1 usa-
se o
acrnimo
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


rolls, which apply pressure
and reduce the flexing of
the work rolls.
ADS7

primarily on a combination of
experience, the available
empirical data and trial and
error.
S8
periodicamente a superfcie
de seus cilindros de
encosto para se eliminar a
camada subsuperficial
encruada, que foi gerada
pela sua co-rotao com os
cilindros de trabalho.
S9
BUR

4 bar (n.) Semi-finished square
section with round or
rounded corners produced
by hot rolling or
continuous casting. S10
This comprehensive guide is
useful when designing,
specifying, purchasing and
manufacturing these versatile
products. It describes in detail
various grades, properties
and qualities of billet and bar
steel products.
S11
barra (s.f.) A Metalinox fornece barras
de ao inoxidvel nas
dimenses e caractersticas
que atendam s
necessidades especficas
de cada cliente.
S12
Sinnimo em
L1: billet (n.)
5 blank (n.) A section of sheet steel
that has the outer
dimensions of a specific
part but has not yet been
stamped by the end user.
S13
Smorgon Sheet Metal
supplies have one of the most
advanced Multi-blanking lines
in Australia which can
process from 0.40mm to
8.00mm in thickness and
which impresses with the
ability to cut multiple blanks
with a high degree of flatness
and accuracy.
S14
blank (s.m.) Os blanks oferecem
grande vantagem ao cliente
por serem peas que so
utilizadas diretamente em
processamento na linha de
produo, em seu tamanho
original, gerando economia
de tempo e custos,
eliminando processos
intermedirios.
S15
Em L2 usa-
se o termo
de L1


6 burr (n.) The very subtle ridge on
the edge of strip steel left
After completing the welding
step, the traveling burr-
rebarba (s.f.) O excesso de rebarba
dificulta o processo de

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by cutting operations such
as slitting, trimming,
shearing, or blanking. For
example, as a steel
processor trims the sides
of the sheet steel parallel
or cuts a sheet of steel
into strips, its edges will
bend with the direction of
the cut.
S16
removing machine 25
conducts burr-removal while
moving. FIG. 2 shows a burr-
removal cycle of 12 sec.
including 6 sec. for burr-
removal and 6 sec. for
returning.
S17
soldagem e a montagem
dos rotores e
transformadores eltricos ,
prejudicando a eficincia de
operao destes elementos,
alm de aumentar o perigo
de acidentes de trabalho, j
que as rebarbas so
verdadeiras navalhas.
S18
7 coil (n.) Steel that has been
wound. Coils are the most
efficient way to store and
transport sheet steel.
S19
The innovative construction
allows both ends of the coil to
remain stationary after
shearing, ensuring an
accurate fit-up for proper
welding. The design requires
less space in line than
traditional coil joiners and can
be positioned close to the
straightener, flattener, mill or
other machinery.
S20
bobina (s.f.) Laminao a quente a
placa reaquecida e depois
de ser processada nos dois
laminadores esboadores
vai para o laminador de
tiras a quente onde
transformada em uma tira
comprida e enrolada em
bobina.
S21

8 coil car (np) Unit that the coil sits on.
Used to move a coil to the
entry or from the delivery
side of the mill.
S22
Other applications include
coil cars, side guide
positioning, down coilers, and
continuous casting position
control.
S23
carro de bobinas
(SN)
8462.39.10 Ex002 -
Unidade integrada para
corte transversal de ao,
composto por: tesoura
oscilante de corte rotativo e
aparamento de borda; carro
de bobina para retorno;
carro de bobina; carro de

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entrada; desbobinador;... e
empilhador com elevador.
S24
9 cold rolling
(np)
Term applied to the
operation of passing
unheated metal through
rolls for the purpose of
reducing its gauge.
S22

The JB and S Lees production
facility at West Bromwich,
Birmingham houses various
types of annealing furnaces
and a number of cold rolling
mills - two of them high-
performance mills that are
used for the main rolling
production.
S25

laminao a frio
(SN)
A unidade de laminao a
frio e galvanizao nasceu
da vontade estratgica do
grupo Usinor (agora
Arcelor) de desenvolver no
Brasil um segundo polo de
produo e de exportao
de ao.
S26

10 continuous
casting (np)
A process that
continuously casts molten
steel into a semi-finished
product such as slab.
S22

The modern steel industry
uses continuous casting,
which is more efficient.
S27
lingotamento
contnuo (SN)
Na sada do lingotamento
contnuo, aps lingotadas
as placas, tambm so
retiradas amostras das
mesmas para avaliao de
sua qualidade interna,
atravs da investigao da
existncia de trincas.
S28


11 crown (n.) The difference in
thickness between the
edge and center of the
strip
For example, a strip crown
(strip thickness distribution in
the width direction) can be
changed by adjusting the
amount of axial displacement
coroa (s.f.) Essa preocupao se deve
ao fato do laminador
tambm se deformar
durante o processo de
laminao o que leva a uma

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


S29

of the intermediate rolls.
S30

situao como mostrada na
figura 1, que resulta numa
forma abaulada da seo
reta transversal da tira,
abaulamento esse chamado
de COROA (CROWN).
S31
12 DDS (acr.) Deep Drawing Steel:
Sheet of this designation
should be used when
Drawing Steel will not
provide a sufficient degree
of ductility for fabrication
of parts having stringent
drawing requirements.
S32

The usual metallurgical
approach is to provide DDS
as a low carbon/low
manganese steel chemistry
combined with low amounts
of residual elements.
S33

ao para
estampagem
profunda (SN)
Produzimos peas
estampadas em ao
estrutural (como o NBR
6655 LN 28, NBR 6656 LNE
38 LNE 50), ao para
estampagem profunda e
mdia (NBR 5906 EM, EP e
EEP) e aos diversos (SAE
1010 e 1020, NBR 6650 CF
21, SAC 50, ASTM A 36,
entre outros).
S34
Significado
do acrnimo
em L1: deep
drawing
steel (np)
13 deflector roll
(np)
A roll used to change the
direction of the strip.
S35
Typically, a deflector roll
transfers the strip across an
exit deflector table at a
predetermined speed.
S36
rolo defletor
(SN)
O laminador tem tambm
um medidor de planicidade
localizado entre a cadeira
quatro e o rolo defletor da
enroladeira.
S37

14 electrostatic
oiler (np)
A device used to apply a
thin coating of oil to the
strip.
S38
We offer a comprehensive
line of standard and
customized electrostatic
oilers designed for your rigid
production requirements.
oleadeira
eletrosttica
(SN)
Autoriza o Estado do Rio
de Janeiro a conceder
iseno do ICMS
ANEXO NICO
...

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S39 Oleadeira eletrosttica
contnua controlada por ...
imerso a quente.
S40
15 finished steel
(np)
Steel that is ready for the
market without further
work or treatment.
S41
June 2001 imports of
finished steel products were
down 28 percent compared to
June 2000 while semi-
finished steel imports were
down 25 percent.
S42
ao acabado
(SN)
China: As importaes de
ao acabado caram para
apenas 460.000 t no ms
de agosto (representando
um novo mnimo em 20
meses).
S43

16 finishing stand
(np)
The last stand in a rolling
mill, which determines the
surface finish and final
gauge.
S44
The cross sectional shape of
a work product exiting from a
finishing stand of a multi
stand steel mill is dependent
upon the accuracy of the
profile existing in the rollers of
the mill stand.
S45
trem de
acabamento
Seguidamente as placas
so laminadas com o
ncleo ainda lquido at 67
mm de espessura, depois
laminadas a quente at 20
mm, reaquecidas por
induo e laminadas num
trem de acabamento at
1,2 mm de espessura, com
largura mxima de 1.350
mm."
S46
Tambm
conhecido
como trem
acabador
(SN.)
17 fish tail (np) The condition on the tail
end of the strip from the
Hot Strip Mill.
S41
If, during an edging pass, for
example, the edger rolls
operate with a constant
screw-down u (Figure 9), the
strip ends show a significant
under-width s as compared to
the middle parts, the strip
rabo de peixe
(SN.)
Depois esta
encaminhada para a
tesoura volante, onde ser
eliminado o rabo de peixe,
que um empenamento
que ocorre na extremidade
da placa e aps ela passa

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ends after edging resemble a
fish-tail.
S47
para o quebrador de
carepas secundrios.
S48
18 gauge (n.) The thickness of sheet
steel. Better-quality steel
has a consistent gauge to
prevent weak spots or
deformation.
S49
Using hydraulic roll force
systems, steelmakers have
the ability to control precisely
their steel sheets gauge
(thickness) while it is traveling
at more than 50 miles per
hour through the cold mill.
S44
bitola (s.f.) Estrutura totalmente
soldada sendo quadro
frontal e traseiro, teto e
base em chapa de ao
bitola 18.
S50

19 guide (n.) Device for holding the
metal in the proper
position, during rolling, or
slitting.
S49
Other applications include
coil cars, side guide
positioning, down coilers, and
continuous casting position
control.
S51

guia (s.f.) 8462.39.10 Ex002 -
Unidade integrada para ...
guia lateral; rolo de
medio; correia de
rejeio; carro de rejeio;
lavadora e filtro de leo
removveis;
S52

20 high strength
low alloy (np)
A specific group of steel in
which higher strength, and
in some cases additional
resistance to atmospheric
corrosion or improved
formability, are obtained
by moderate amounts of
one or more alloying
elements such as
columbium, vanadium,
titanium, used alone or in
combination.
High-strength low-alloy
(HSLA) steels, or
microalloyed steels, are
designed to provide better
mechanical properties and/or
greater resistance to
atmospheric corrosion than
conventional carbon steels in
the normal sense because
they are designed to meet
specific mechanical
properties rather than a
ao microligado
(SN)
O controle de qualidade foi
tambm estendido aos
aos microligados (HSLA)
e resultou tambm em
economias de elementos de
liga (da ordem de EUR
170.000/ano).
S54
O acrnimo
utilizado
tanto em L1
como em L2
HSLA
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


S44 chemical composition.
S53
21 hot rolling (np) A steel production process
in which steel is heated,
pressed and shaped into
the required form.
S55
The process of hot rolling
takes a 9 slab and rolls it
into a 3500 feet coil of hot
rolled sheet steel.
S56
laminao a
quente (SN.)
J a superfcie dos
cilindros de encosto
relativamente preservada
durante o processo de
laminao a quente, uma
vez que ela somente entra
em contato com o cilindro
de trabalho, que se
encontra relativamente frio.
S57

22 hot strip mill
(np)

A mill that rolls reheated
slabs into a coil of
specified thickness; the
whole processing is done
at a relatively high
temperature (when the
steel is still "red")
S58

A major upgrade of the hot
strip mill was recently
concluded, with the project
increasing computerization
and upgrading the electrical
system.
S59
laminador de
tiras a quente
(SN.)
Laminao a quente a
placa reaquecida e depois
de ser processada nos dois
laminadores esboadores
vai para o laminador de
tiras a quente onde
transformada em uma tira
comprida e enrolada em
bobina.
S21
HSM o
acrnimo
utilizado L1
e LTQ em
L2.
23 hot-dip (np) In steel mill practice, a
process whereby ferrous
alloy base metals are
dipped into molten metal,
usually zinc, tin or tern, for
the purpose of fixing a rust
resistant coating.
S32
The American Galvanizers
Association (AGA) is a non-
profit trade association
dedicated to serving the
needs of after-fabrication
galvanizers, fabricators,
architects, specifiers, and
engineers, providing technical
imerso a
quente (SN.)
A zincagem por imerso a
quente, tambm conhecido
como galvanizao a fogo
o processo mais eficiente
para a proteo do ao ou
ferro fundido contra a
corroso.
S61

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support on today's innovative
applications and state-of-the-
art technological
developments in hot-dip
galvanizing for corrosion
control.
S60
24 interstitial free
steel (np)
A recently developed
sheet steel product with
very low carbon levels that
is used primarily in
automotive deep-drawing
applications.
S32
However, high strength sheet
with excellent formability has
been developed based on
interstitial free (IF) steel and
this material is experiencing a
steadily increasing demand.
S62
ao IF (sn.) Exportar mais ao IF para
os Estados Unidos significa,
na prtica, ser bem mais
gil do que os concorrentes,
segundo explicou o diretor-
comercial da Cosipa,
Renato Vallerini Jnior.
S63
Em L1 usa-
se IF steel;
em L2, usa-
se ao IF
25 long products
(np)
Classification of steel
products that includes bar,
rod and structural
products, that are "long",
rather than "flat".
S64
As the only dedicated
supplier of semi-finished
stainless steel long
products, Degerfors
Stainless offers the flexibility
required to provide a much
enhanced level of service.
S65

produtos no-
planos (SN.)
Os produtos no-planos
em geral so produzidos
pelas siderrgicas de menor
porte, as miniusinas, em
forma de barras, perfis ou
fio mquina.
S66

26 OD (acr.)

Outside diameter (of coil).
S67
The outside diameter of the
coil is read below. If the arbor
size and outside diameter are
known, the pounds per inch of
coil width is shown in the left.
dimetro
externo (SN.)
Fabricao: As bobinas de
ao fornecidas pelas Usinas
de todo o pas so
processadas pelo sistema
de Corte Longitudinal
(Slitters)......

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


S68 Dimenses: As bobinas
podem ter ... larguras de
1000, 1200 ou 1500 mm. O
dimetro interno da bobina
de 500 mm. O dimetro
externo mximo de 1500
mm.
S69
27 pass line (np) Measurement used to
level all rolls. 2) The travel
direction through which a
strip is processed. When
out of alignment, it
requires adjusting so that
the coil can be properly
processed.
S70
It is therefore necessary to
control upward and downward
fluctuations of the strip pass-
line within 0.1 mm, and limit
the gap between the
detecting head and the strip
surface within 0.5 mm.
S71
linha de passe
(SN.)
Eliminao das
dificuldades de manter
linha de passe de
processo. (Acerto do rolete
de escora que estava fora
10mm abaixo desde a
inaugurao do laminador -
1979).
S72

28 payoff reel (np) Reel on which the coil to be
processed is loaded. This
reel is sometimes referred
to as the entry end reel.
S73
To prevent tension scratching
at the uncoiler (or payoff reel),
processors must uncoil with
about the same amount of
tension that was used
originally to wind the coil.
S74
desbobinadeira
(s.f.)
... necessria a
realizao de controles por
meio de alinhadores de tiras
nos seguintes pontos do
processo:
na desbobinadeira, para
que a tira esteja alinhada ao
entrar na linha de processo,
mesmo que ela seja
proveniente de ...
S75
Em (L1) o
termo
ainda
conhecido
por uncoiler
(n);

Em (L2)
admite-se
tambm os
termos
desenroladei
ra (sf) e
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


desbobinado
r (sm).
29 pickling (n) Removal of oxide films
from metals by immersion
in hot acid. The process is
applied particularly to
scale removal from metal
prior to such operations as
cold rolling, wire drawing
and electroplating and in
general is carried out in
dilute solutions of the
mineral acids often with
additions of organic
material (inhibitors) to
restrain the rate of attack
on the metal.
S76
Scale must be removed from
the strip surface prior to cold
rolling. This is achieved
through mechanical (scale
breaking) and chemical
(pickling) processes.
S77
decapagem (sf) Antes do ao sofrer
trefilao a frio, para
melhoria de suas
propriedades, esta pelcula,
denominada carepa de
laminao, deve ser
removida por processos
fsicos, do tipo
decalaminao, ou
qumicos, do tipo
decapagem com cidos.
S78

30 pinch roll (np) 1) Roll used to jog the
strip forward and
backward, and to hold the
strip stationary. 2) Motor-
driven rolls used to assist
in threading coils.
S79

The fully hydraulic pinch
roll, located upstream of the
coiler mandrel, is equipped
with high-speed position and
pressure control.
S80

rolo puxador
(SN)
8462.39.10 Ex002 -
Unidade integrada para
corte transversal de ao,
composto por: ... duplo rolo
puxador; mesa guia de
entrada; guia lateral; rolo de
medio; correia de
rejeio; carro de rejeio;
lavadora e filtro de leo
removveis;
S81

31 plate (n.) Sheet steel with a width of
more than 8 inches, with a
U.S. Steel will continue to
provide customers with hot
chapa (s.f.) Outros produtos de menor
valor unitrio, como chapas

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


thickness ranging from one
quarter of an inch to more
than one foot (see sheet
steel)
S64
strip mill plate produced at
Gary Works in Gary, Ind. and
sold through the companys
Midwest Sales office.
S82

laminadas a frio e
revestidos, tambm
apresentaram incrementos
superiores mdia. J no
caso de laminados planos a
quente, o volume sempre
relativamente pequeno das
importaes atesta a
competitividade do ao
brasileiro nesta faixa de
mercado.
S83
32 reversing mill
(np)
The stand of rolls used to
reduce steel sheet or plate
by passing the steel back
and forth between the
rolls; the gap between the
rolls is reduced after each
pass.
S84
Steel Warehouse Company
has awarded Industrial
Automation Services (IAS) an
order to design, supply and
commission a replacement
hydraulic gap control and
automatic gauge control
system for a Single Stand
Reversing Mill.
S85
laminador
reversvel (SN)
Antecipando em seis
semanas as previses
iniciais, a planta
paranaense produziu no
ltimo dia 4 de dezembro as
primeiras bobinas na Linha
de Decapagem e no
Laminador Reversvel a
Frio, que uma vez em
operao, marcam a ltima
etapa de implantao do
contrato firmado h trs
anos entre a CSN e o
consrcio constitudo pela
Siemens, SMS Demag, Pro
Eco e Ross Enginnering,
entre outras empresas.
S86

33 roll grind (np) The uniform ground finish Roll Grinding Reports are retificao de O algoritmo aqui usado
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


on the work rolls which is
imparted to the sheet or
plate.
S87
produced by the RMS
Reporting Module. These
include: currently ground rolls;
grinding history for a specific
roll; roll grinding history for an
operator; roll grinding history
for a grinding machine; all
grinds between user specified
dates ...
S88
cilindro (SN) para a determinao da
profundidade ideal para
retificao de cilindros de
encosto foi proposto por
Nambu (Nambu, 1986),
incluindo-se a contribuio
de vrios outros autores
(Nakagawa, 1975,
Nakagawa, 1976,
Nakagawa, 1982).
S89
34 rolling mill (np) Equipment used for rolling
down metal to a smaller
size or to a given shape
employing sets of rolls tie
contours of which
determine or fashion the
product into numerous
intermediate and final
shapes, e.g., blooms,
slabs, rails, bars, rod,
sections, plates, sheets
and strip.
S90
The diagram below shows
the layout of a rolling mill,
with thick steel going in one
side, and thin steel coming
out the other.
S91
laminador (s.m.) No caso de falha da
unidade de processamento
responsvel pela execuo
do sistema de gerao de
referncias, a operao do
laminador fica
comprometida e necessita-
se de um modo de
operao emergencial.
S92

35 roughing
stand (np)
The first rolling stand
through which metal
passes during hot rolling.
Once reduced by the
roughing stands, the metal
continues on to the
finishing stands where
The roughing stand is the
first part of the rolling mill.
The large semi-finished
product is often passed
backwards and forwards
through it several times. Each
pass gradually changes the
trem
desbastador
(SN)
Os tarugos entram no trem
desbastador onde so
pressionados,
sucessivamente, entre
cilindros, sofrendo reduo
em sua seo, com o
conseqente aumento de

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


smoother rolls with a
smaller gap are used to
complete the hot roll
process.
S93
shape and dimension of the
steel closer to that of the
required finished product.
S94
comprimento.
S95
36 scale (n.) Layers of iron oxide
formed on the surface of
hot steel when oxygen
from the atmosphere
combines with iron from
the steel.
S96
Scale must be removed from
the strip surface prior to cold
rolling. This is achieved
through mechanical (scale
breaking) and chemical
(pickling) processes.
S97
carepa (s.f.) Antes do ao sofrer
trefilao a frio, para
melhoria de suas
propriedades, esta pelcula,
denominada carepa de
laminao, deve ser
removida por processos
fsicos, do tipo
decalaminao, ou
qumicos, do tipo
decapagem com cidos.
S98

37 scarfing (n) Cutting the surface of
slabs, ordinarily by using a
gas torch, to remove
surface defects prior to
rolling at the Hot Mill.
S99
L-TECs cold scarfing
machines are remotely
controlled machines ... Two
types are available:
overhead machines for
scarfing the top and one
edge of a slab in one pass
and "pass- through" machines
for scarfing the four sides of
slabs in a single pass.
S100
escarfagem (s.f.) Nos processos de
laminao do ao, placas,
lingotes e barras contm
defeitos de superfcie que
devem ser removidos. O
chamado processo de
escarfagem que permite
essa remoo semelhante
a uma operao oxi-
combustvel de goiva. A
escarfagem nas Usinas
Siderrgicas feita manual
e mecanicamente. O ao
inox pode ser escarfado

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


com p de ferro da mesma
forma que o corte.
S101
38 semi-finished
steel (np)
Steel products such as
blooms, billets, or slabs
that are then rolled and
processed into beams,
bars, sheets, etc.
S102
June 2001 imports of
finished steel products were
down 28 percent compared to
June 2000 while semi-
finished steel imports were
down 25 percent.
S103
ao semi-
acabado (SN.)
A mquina, que faz a
produo das placas (ao
semi-acabado), dever
entrar em operao no fim
de 2007, informou Rinaldo
Campos Soares, presidente
da Usiminas durante
comentrios sobre o
balano do terceiro
trimestre.
S104

39 service center
(np)
A catchall name for an
operation that buys steel
often processes it in some
way and then sells it in a
slightly different form. A
service center is
distinguished from an end-
user by the fact that,
unlike an end-user, a
service center sells steel,
not a fabricated product.
S105
High Steel Service Center
Inc., a steel service center
located in Lancaster,
Pennsylvania, has installed a
High Speed Multi-Cut
Blanking Line and a High
Speed Slitting Line from Red
Bud Industries, Red Bud,
Illinois.
S106
centro de
servio (SN)
Por meio de um completo
Centro de Servios, com
sede em Guarulhos e filial
em Taubat, uma equipe
altamente especializada,
um grande estoque de
produtos e os mais
modernos equipamentos, a
Rio Negro oferece
vantagens no fornecimento,
manuseio, processamento e
beneficiamento do ao.
S107

40 sheet steel (np) Steel that is thin, flat-rolled
in a coil. It is created in a
hot strip mill by flattening a
The final product from the
facility is coiled sheet steel,
though some steel is sold as
chapa fina de
ao (SN)
A norma NBR 5004
Chapas finas de ao de
baixa liga e alta resistncia

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


slab, but keeping the side
dimensions the same. The
steel will lengthen as it is
rolled. The most common
differences among steel
bars, strip, plate and sheet
are merely their physical
dimensions of width and
thickness.
S108
cast slabs or unfinished coils.
S109
mecnica, Associao
Brasileira de Normas
Tcnicas ABNT, ... fixa
condies exigveis para
encomenda, fabricao e
fornecimento de chapas
finas, laminadas a quente
ou a frio, de ao de baixa
liga e alta resistncia
mecnica, para uso
estrutural.
S110
41 slab (n.) The most common type of
semi-finished steel.
Traditional slabs measure
10 inches thick and 30-85
inches wide (and average
about 20 feet long), while
the output of the recently
developed "thin slab"
casters is approximately
two inches thick.
Subsequent to casting,
slabs are sent to the hot-
strip mill to be rolled into
coiled sheet and plate
products.
S111
Steel slab includes all
grades of refined metallic
steel in a slab form. When
listing Steel Slab please state
clearly the. grade quality and
the size, shape and weight of
the metal.
S112
placa (s.f.) A Companhia Vale do Rio
Doce e o conglomerado
alemo Thyssen Krup vo
construir no Rio de Janeiro
uma usina de placas de
ao, de olho nos mercados
das...
S113

42 slitting (n.) Cutting a sheet of steel
into narrower strips to
match customer needs.
Full listing of Slitting
Machines manufacturer and
supplier on line. We have a
corte
longitudinal
(SN.)
Em 1990 o projeto de
instalao da unidade de
corte longitudinal foi

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Because steel mills have
limited flexibility as to the
widths of the sheet that
they produce, service
centers normally will cut
the sheet for the
customer.
S111
broad range of slitting
machines and services which
can be sourced by this
comprehensive vertical web
portal dedicated to helping
global buyers searching and
purchasing from Taiwan and
China slitting machines
manufacturers.
S114
concludo, tendo iniciado as
operaes em outubro,
mudana da nossa filial na
Grande Porto Alegre para
sede em Gravata.
S115
43 sliver (n.) (defect) Loose metal piece
rolled down onto the
surface of the metal during
the rolling operations.
S111
On Tuesday, October 10, a
continuous mining machine
helper was assisting a
mechanic in the removal of a
traction planetary drive from a
continuous mining machine.
The mining machine helper,
using an 8 pound
sledgehammer, attempted to
free and remove the drive hub
from the crawler pad. On the
second blow of the hammer,
a steel sliver flew off the hub
and penetrate the helpers
lower throat area. The steel
sliver lacerated an artery in
the upper chest area causing
fatal internal hemorrhaging.
S116

lasca (s.f.) A resistncia mecnica
superior outro fator que
coloca o ao inoxidvel
como o mais indicado para
a fabricao de caixas
dgua. Ao contrrio de
outros materiais, ele no
trinca, no tem lascas, no
solta resduos, resiste s
intempries e s variaes
bruscas de temperatura,
sem comprometer sua
performance nem alterar
sua rigidez e dureza.
S117

44 SPC (acr.) Statistical Process Control Statistical Process Control controle Assim, o Controle O acrnimo
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


- A technique used to
predict when a
steelmaking function's
quality may deteriorate. By
tightly monitoring the
product's variance from
specifications, the
operator can determine
when to apply
preventative maintenance
to a machine before any
low-quality (secondary)
steel is produced.
S111
(SPC) involves using
statistical techniques to
measure and analyze the
variation in processes. Most
often used for manufacturing
processes, the intent of SPC
is to monitor product quality
and maintain processes to
fixed targets.
S118
estatstico de
processo (SN)
Estatstico de Processo
(CEP) uma das
ferramentas mais clssicas
na rea de qualidade e com
certeza uma das mais
comprovadas e
empregadas no meio
prtico. Desde seu
surgimeno tem sido
aplicada aos mais diversos
processos, situaes e
regies em todo o mundo.
S119
em L2
CEP
45 stand (n.) Sets of rolls; some are
four rolls; two backup rolls
and two work rolls. Some
are work rolls only.
S120
A.K. Engineering has gained
a 2 million pounds contract for
machining and test
assembling a 5 m wide steel
finishing mill stand, destined
for China, which will weigh
over 1,000 tons when fully
erected.
S121
cadeira (s.f.) No equipamento LB2
(Laminao de Bobinas 2)
so utilizados cilindros no
interior da cadeira de
laminao, responsveis em
executar a reduo de
espessura do material
conforme a solicitao do
cliente.
S122
Tambm
conhecida
como gaiola
(s.f.)
46 steel (n.) An iron-base alloy,
malleable in some
temperature range as
initially cast, containing
manganese, usually
carbon, and often-other
alloying elements.
Steel production in the
Northwest Indiana/Chicago
area, the nation's second-
largest steel producing region,
was 493,000 tons during the
week ending Dec. 3, up from
the 457,000 tons made during
ao (s.m.) Ao Inox um tipo de ao
contendo pelo menos 11 %
de cromo.
S124

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


S111 the week prior, according to
the American Iron and Steel
Institute.
S123
47 strip (n.) A thin, flat piece of steel
that is generally narrower
than sheet steel and the
gauge is monitored more
carefully. It may be cut
from a steel sheet with a
slitting machine.
S108
There are 4 principal hot
rolled finished flat products:
bars, plate, hot rolled strip
and hot rolled sheet.
Dimensions particularly
thickness and width are the
principle bases of
classification.
S125
tira (s.f.) As tiras laminadas a
quente so usadas na
produo de tubos que
requerem boa soldabilidade
e tenacidade, e na indstria
automotiva, que exige ao
de boa conformabilidade.
So produzidas em
laminadores contnuos de
tiras a quente.
S126

48 structural steel
(np)
Steel product group that
includes I-beams, H-
beams, wide-flange beams
and sheet piling. These
products are used in the
construction of multi-story
buildings, industrial
buildings, bridge trusses,
vertical highway supports,
and riverbank
reinforcement.
S111
Structural shapes distributed
by L.B. Foster Piling are
rolled to conform to the latest
ASTM Structural Steel
Specification. Rolling and
cutting tolerances shown in
this catalog are in
conformance with ASTM
A6/A6M.
S127
ao estrutural
(SN)
O uso do ao estrutural
na construo civil no Brasil
embora mais recente e
em pequeno volume,
quando comparado ao que
ocorre nos Estados Unidos,
Japo e pases da Europa
vem crescendo de forma
consistente.
S128

49 temper mill
(np)
A type of cold-rolling mill,
usually with only one or
two stands, that finishes
cold-rolled, annealed
A temper mill rolls the strip
with controlled extensions to
improve flatness, remove
yield point elongation and
laminador de
encruamento
(SN.)
O material recozido,
processo que ir garantir a
boa conformabilidade, e
depois passa pelo

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


sheet steel by improving
the finish or texture to
develop the required final
mechanical properties.
S129
provide a uniform surface.
S130
laminador de encruamento
(LE) responsvel por elevar
um pouco as caractersticas
mecnicas e de conferir um
bom acabamento
superficial.
S131
50 tensile
strength (np)
The greatest longitudinal
stress steel can sustain
without breaking.
S132
The developed cast steel
had a tensile strength over
650N/mm
2
and a Charpy
energy absorption of more
than 100J at 0 C. The new
cast steel was put through
trial production verification
tests for application to the
super-mega frames of
buildings.
S133
limite de
resistncia
trao (SN)
Os aos de alta resistncia
e baixa liga so utilizados
toda vez que se deseja:
elevar a relao do limite de
escoamento para o limite
de resistncia trao,
sem perda aprecivel da
ductilidade.
S134

51 tin plate (np) Thin sheet steel with a
very thin coating of
metallic tin. Tin plate is
used primarily in can
making.
S129
The unexpected growth of
the tin plate industry after
1890 was due chiefly to the
cheapening of the
fundamental raw material,
sheet bars.
S135
folha-de-
flandres (SN)

Folha-de-flandres para
produo de embalagens
para alimentos e bebidas
o principal item consumidor
de estanho metlico,
equivalente a cerca de 45%
da oferta do metal.
S136
Tambm se
usa apenas
flandres
(s.m)
52 width
(n.)
The lateral dimension of
rolled steel, as opposed to
the length or the gauge
(thickness). If width of the
steel strip is not controlled
during rolling, the edges
Because steel mills have
limited flexibility as to the
widths of the sheet that they
produce, service centers
normally will cut the sheet for
the customer.
largura
(s.f)
A morfologia vista nessa
figura foi semelhante
observada em todos os
pontos ao longo da largura
da tira (operao, centro e
motor), a qual se mostra um

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


must be trimmed.
S137
S111 tanto quanto diferente das
observadas nos laminados a
quente de aos
convencionais de baixo C.
S138
53 work roll (np) Two smaller rolls of a four-
high stand of the Weirlite
Mills, Tandem Mills, and
the Temper Mills. These
rolls, through the use of
hydraulic pressure, are
responsible (along with
the backup rolls) for the
shape of the steel.
S139
Prediction of temperature
distribution within work rolls
during the hot strip rolling
process is of great importance
to mill designers because of
the significant role it plays in
the products dimensional
accuracy and roll life.
S140
cilindro de
trabalho (SN)
So vrios tipos de
cilindros de laminao,
sendo que os envolvidos
nesse projeto so os
chamados cilindros de
trabalho para laminadores
de tiras (de ao) a quente.
S141







Informaes gramaticais:
L1: n. = noun
a. = adjective
v. = verb
np = noun phrase
acr. = acronym

L2: m. = masculino
f.= feminino
s. = substantivo
a. = adjetivo
v. = verbo
SN = sintagma nominal
acr. = acrnimo


Outras abreviaturas:
AD: definio adaptada da referncia bibliogrfica indicada

REFERNCIAS BIBLIOGRFICAS:

Fontes dos termos em L2:
Dicionrio Metalrgico James L. Taylor ABM 1993

Sites Visitados em novembro e dezembro de 2005
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products/group.cfm?GroupID=6
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S34: www.magius.com.br/produt.htm
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S36: www.patentstorm.us/patents/54d41212.html
S37: www.revistametalurgia.com.br/apresenta2.php?pag_id=290
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S41: www.mesteel.com/cgi-bin/w3-msql/goto.htm?url=http://www.mesteel.com/dictionary/f.htm
S42: www.americanrecycler.com/09imports.html
S43: www.abmbrasil.com.br/news/clipping/clipping_por_data.asp?dia=27&mes=9&ano=2004
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S45: www.patentstorm.us/patents/5911784.html
S46: www.cimm.com.br/noticia/CUR22.htm
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S50: www.netplus.com.br/home.asp?ver=detalhe&codigo=101



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S55: www.steelservicecenters.com/info/steelservices centers/def.htm
S56: www.crc4mse.org/MEL/AUTO/STEEL/hot_rolling.html
S57: www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0370-44672003000200007
S58: www.scrapsite.net/SS_Information/glossary.cfm?target=H
S59: www.wcisteel.com/operations/hsm.html
S60: www.galvanizeit.org/
S61: www.mangels.com.br/txt_gal_2.html
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S66: www.cbmm.com.br/portug/sources/uses/use&user.htm
S67: www.scrapsite.net/SS_Information/glossary.cfm?target=o
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S69: www.triches.com.br/prod_slitter.html
S70: www.scrapsite.net/SS_Information/glossary.cfm?target=P
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+strip+steel++%22payoff+reel%22&hl=pt-BR
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S77: www.nzsteel.co.nz/nz/go/about-new-zealand-steel/student-information/the-art-of-pickling
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44672003000200007%26lng%3Des%26nrm%3Diso+retificacao+cilindro+laminacao&hl=pt-BR
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S93: www.scrapsite.net/SS_Information/glossary.cfm?target=R
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S95: www.belgomineira.com.br/pro/belgo5060.pdf
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S102: www.stainless-steel-world.net/glossary/a_index.asp
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