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1st test physics 906

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. A dolphin swims 1.85 km/h. How far has the dolphin traveled after 0.60 h?
a. 1.1 km c. 0.63 km
b. 2.5 km d. 3.7 km

____ 2. A hiker travels south along a straight path for 1.5 h with an average velocity of 0.75 km/h, then travels south for
2.5 h with an average velocity of 0.90 km/h. What is the hikers displacement for the total trip?
a. 1.1 km to the south c. 3.4 km to the south
b. 2.2 km to the south d. 6.7 km to the south

____ 3. Acceleration is
a. displacement. c. velocity.
b. the rate of change of displacement. d. the rate of change of velocity.

____ 4. When velocity is positive and acceleration is negative, what happens to the objects motion?
a. The object slows down. c. Nothing happens to the object.
b. The object speeds up. d. The object remains at rest.



____ 5. What does the graph above illustrate about acceleration?
a. The acceleration is constant.
b. The acceleration is zero.
c. The acceleration decreases.
d. There is not enough information to answer.

____ 6. A shopping cart given an initial velocity of 2.0 m/s undergoes a constant acceleration of 3.0 m/s
2
. What is the
magnitude of the cart's displacement after the first 4.0 s of its motion?
a. 10.0 m c. 32 m
b. 55 m d. 80.0 m

____ 7. A sports car accelerates at a constant rate from rest to a speed of 27.8 m/s in 8.00 s. What is the displacement of
the sports car in this time interval?
a. 55.0 m c. 111 m
b. 77.0 m d. 222 m

____ 8. Which of the following is a value for the acceleration of objects in free fall?
a. 9.81 m/s
2
c. 9.80 m/s
2

b. 9.81 m/s
2
d. 9.80 m/s
2


____ 9. The baseball catcher throws a ball vertically upward and catches it in the same spot as it returns to the mitt. At
what point in the balls path does it experience zero velocity ?
a. midway on the way up
b. at the top of its trajectory
c. the instant it leaves the catchers hand
d. the instant before it arrives in the catchers mitt

____ 10. A rock is thrown straight upward with an initial velocity of 24.5 m/s where the downward acceleration due to
gravity is 9.81 m/s
2
. What is the rock's displacement after 1.00 s?
a. 9.81 m c. 24.5 m
b. 19.6 m d. 29.4 m

____ 11. A rock is thrown straight upward with an initial velocity of 19.6 m/s where the downward acceleration due to
gravity is 9.81 m/s
2
. What time interval elapses between the rock's being thrown and its return to the original
launch point?
a. 4.00 s c. 8.00 s
b. 5.00 s d. 10.0 s

____ 12. A baseball is released at rest from the top of the Washington Monument. It hits the ground after falling for 6.00
s. What was the height from which the ball was dropped? (Disregard air resistance. g = 9.81 m/s
2
.)
a. 150.0 m c. 115 m
b. 177 m d. 210.0 m

____ 13. A rock is thrown from the top of a cliff with an initial downward speed of 12 m/s. If the rock hits the ground
after 2.0 s, what is the height of the cliff? (Disregard air resistance. g = 9.81 m/s
2
.)
a. 22 m c. 44 m
b. 24 m d. 63 m

____ 14. A tourist accidentally drops a camera from a 40.0 m high bridge. If g = 9.81 m/s
2
and air resistance is
disregarded, what is the speed of the camera as it hits the water?
a. 28.0 m/s c. 56.0 m/s
b. 31.0 m/s d. 784 m/s

____ 15. Human reaction time is usually about 0.20 s. If your lab partner holds a ruler between your finger and thumb and
releases it without warning, how far can you expect the ruler to fall before you catch it? (Disregard air
resistance. g = 9.81 m/s
2
.)
a. at least 4.0 cm c. at least 16.0 cm
b. at least 9.8 cm d. at least 19.6 cm

____ 16. When there is no air resistance, objects of different masses
a. fall with equal accelerations with similar displacements.
b. fall with different accelerations with different displacements.
c. fall with equal accelerations with different displacements.
d. fall with different accelerations with similar displacements.

____ 17. Which of the following is a physical quantity that has a magnitude but no direction?
a. vector c. resultant
b. scalar d. frame of reference

____ 18. Identify the following quantities as scalar or vector: the mass of an object, the number of leaves on a tree, wind
velocity.
a. vector, scalar, scalar c. scalar, vector, scalar
b. scalar, scalar, vector d. vector, scalar, vector

____ 19. A lightning bug flies at a velocity of 0.25 m/s due east toward another lightning bug seen off in the distance. A
light easterly breeze blows in the face of the bug at a velocity of 0.25 m/s. What is the resultant (total) velocity
of the lightning bug?
a. 0.50 m/s c. 0.75 m/s
b. 0.00 m/s d. 0.25 m/s

____ 20. Which of the following does NOT exhibit parabolic motion?
a. a frog jumping from land into water
b. a basketball thrown to a hoop
c. a flat piece of paper released from a window
d. a baseball thrown to home plate

____ 21. A model rocket flies horizontally off the edge of the cliff at a velocity of 50.0 m/s. If the canyon below is 100.0
m deep, how far from the edge of the cliff does the model rocket land?
a. 112 m c. 337 m
b. 225 m d. 400 m

____ 22. A piece of chalk is dropped by a teacher walking at a speed of 1.5 m/s. From the teachers perspective, the chalk
appears to fall
a. straight down. c. straight down and forward.
b. straight down and backward. d. straight backward.

Short Answer

23. Distinguish between the displacement of a traveler who takes a train from New York to Boston and the
displacement of a traveler who flies from Boston to New York. Be sure to compare the magnitudes of the
displacements.


.

24. Why is the direction of free-fall acceleration listed as negative?


.

25. (a) What is the acceleration of an object thrown upward? (b) What is its acceleration as it free falls?


Displacement (m) Time (s)
1.0 2.0
2.0 4.0
3.0 6.0
4.0 8.0
5.0 10.0

26. Construct a graph of position versus time using the data in the table above. What value is represented by the
slope of a graph? Find the slope between t = 1 s and t = 2 s. Be sure to use appropriate SI units.


Displacement (m) Time (s)
2.0 0.0
4.0 6.0
6.0 10.0

27. Construct a graph of position versus time using the data in the table above. What value is represented by the
slope of a graph? Find the slope between t = 1 s and t = 2 s. Be sure to use appropriate SI units.



28. A motorized scooter starts from rest and accelerates for 4 s at 2 m/s
2
. It continues at a constant speed for 6 s.
Graph velocity versus time to describe this motion.

29. Briefly explain why a basketball being thrown toward the hoop is considered projectile motion.

30. Briefly explain why the true path of a projectile traveling through Earth's atmosphere is not a parabola.

Problem



31. The graph above shows displacement versus time. What is the average velocity for line A?

32. The graph above shows displacement versus time. What is the average velocity for line B?

33. The graph above shows displacement versus time. What is the average velocity for line C?

34. A pair of spectacles are dropped from the top of a 32.0 m high stadium. A pen is dropped 2.0 s later. How high
above the ground is the pen when the spectacles hit the ground? (Disregard air resistance, g = 9.81 m/s
2
.)

35. A dog walks 24 steps north and then walks 55 steps west to bury a bone. If the dog walks back to the starting
point in a straight line, how many steps will the dog take and in which direction will the dog walk? Use the
graphical method to find the magnitude of the net displacement.

1st test physics 906
Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. ANS: A PTS: 1

2. ANS: C PTS: 1

3. ANS: D PTS: 1

4. ANS: A PTS: 1

5. ANS: A PTS: 1

6. ANS: C PTS: 1

7. ANS: C PTS: 1

8. ANS: B PTS: 1

9. ANS: B PTS: 1

10. ANS: B PTS: 1

11. ANS: A PTS: 1

12. ANS: B PTS: 1

13. ANS: C PTS: 1

14. ANS: A PTS: 1

15. ANS: D PTS: 1

16. ANS: A PTS: 1

17. ANS: B PTS: 1

18. ANS: B PTS: 1

19. ANS: B PTS: 1

20. ANS: C PTS: 1

21. ANS: B PTS: 1

22. ANS: A PTS: 1

SHORT ANSWER

23. ANS:
Although the magnitudes of the displacements are equal, the displacements are in opposite directions.
Therefore, one displacement is positive and one displacement is negative.

PTS: 1

24. ANS:
The direction of free-fall acceleration is negative because the object accelerates toward Earth (the usual choice
of coordinates uses positive as the direction away from Earth).

PTS: 1

25. ANS:
The acceleration is a constant 9.81 m/s
2
throughout its time in the air.

PTS: 1

26. ANS:
velocity, 0.5 m/s


PTS: 1

27. ANS:
velocity, 0.25 m/s


PTS: 1

28. ANS:


PTS: 1

29. ANS:
Objects sent into the air and subject to gravity exhibit projectile motion.

PTS: 1

30. ANS:
With air resistance, a projectile slows down as it collides with air particles. Therefore, the true path of a
projectile would not be a parabola.

PTS: 1

PROBLEM

31. ANS:
3.0 m/s

PTS: 1

32. ANS:
1.0 m/s

PTS: 1

33. ANS:
0.3 m/s

PTS: 1

34. ANS:
3.0 10
1
m

PTS: 1

35. ANS:
60 steps 24 south of east

PTS: 1