1926

381

RAILROADS

No. 395.-FREIGHT·CAR PERFORMANCE AND EQUIPMENT CONDITION
[NoTE.-Data relate to OlMS I CI11'1'iers. Yearly averages for 11l19, 1920, and l{)ZI were as follows: Freight~
car-miles per car day, WIll, 2:1.1; lU20, 25.1; 1921, 2:.l.-i; percentage of unsorviceable freight cars 1919 7 l'
1920,7.0; 11)21,13.1; pel'Cental:o of unserviceable locomotives, 1910,20.9; 1920, 24.5; 1\J21, 23.7]'

t·,

.-

Freight car-miles per
car day

Month

~

1922 1923 L1924 1925 1~ 1922 ,1923

Yearlyaverage ___ 23.5 27. B 26. B
January _______________ 20.4 25.8 24.0
February ______________ za.2 ~!. 8 27.4
11nrol1 _________________ 2,1. -1
27. a 2'i.2
21. 3 28.0 25. !'J
tl~~l:_-:
:::::: ::::::::: 22. !l :->.8.0 25.8
Junc_ •... _. ___________ 2:3. \I 28.3 25.1
July ___________________
AugusL _______________ 20. {) 27. H 2li.1i
21. 7 28.3 2U. (j
September ____________ 24..0 211.2 28.8
Octobor _______________
30.7 80.6
November _____________ !W.O
27.1 2U.3 28.4
Docembor _______ ._._._ 25.1 25.0 U.O

I Percentage of unservice-

Percentage of unserviceablo freight cars

28.6 SO. 4: 12. B 8.0

7.8

9.0
8.8
8.8
8.S
8. ()
8. li
8.1
7.8
7.3
O. G
O. lij
0.0

6.7
7.0
7.1
7.4:
7.7

20.4
20.9
2(U
!W.O
27.4:
27.5
27.8
2!).O
30.8

27. [) 13.5
28.6 H.O
29.3 13.8
2\).0 13. (j
20. H 14.1
30.1 14.0
30.5 14.2
31. Ii 14.0
82.7 12.0
a2. :; 34.3 11.4:
:-11.0 32.1 0.8
28.0 2\).3 9.1

able locomotives

1925'~

!

1925 1 1926 192211923 1!124

8.0

8.4
8. (j
8.7

8.2
7.8

7. !l

7.7

~: ~
7.8
7. [I

6. Ii
6.0
6.7
6.7

24.9i
23. 41
23.71
23.4!
6.7 23.21
6.& 22.7'

8.1
8.2

(UJ

8.2
8.1

7.0
7.0

7.8
7.1
6. !l
(J.S

6.6
fl. 2
V.S
li.5

21. 4
25. 0
2-i.8
2!.4:

18. 7
18. 8
19.0
Ill. 2
Ill. 1
18.8
18.6
18.5
18.3
18; 3
18.4

17.8 16.6

18.8 17.2
18. & ,17.3
18. 9 17.6
2:3.6
18.5 17.5
22.4:
18.0 17.0
17.7 16.6
2·1.
17.3 16.1
21. 2 21. 0
27.8 11).0
17.1 16.1
28. U 18.6
17.1 15.8
17.2 15.8
2'1. G/18. 2
20.5 18.5 18.5 17.2 lli.3
25.7 IS. Ii 18.4 16.9 1(J.0

'12!.'

Sourco; Burellu of Itnilway Economics.

No. 396.-RECEIVERSHIPS AND FORECLOSURE SALES OF RAILWAYS
Yearly ILverago or Yllllr
(calmlClar yoars ()XCQllt IlS
noted)

Un {leI' rceci vorahill eud of

Placed undor receivership

Sold under foreclosure

Y(~!Ir 1

NUlll- Mileage Nllm'i Mn
llcr opcratod bor.
es

20

1
--188-1--1-8\-)0-_.-.-_-._-_-._-___-_-___-___- -__-_-___+_-___-_-_""__-__
1801-IIJOO. __ . _______________ 2.l:.!2 222, lla

IOOl-l!JO.L. _______ .________:31
1\106-1010 ____ .______________
'.10
m
10ll-UJlo ________ .__________
1\114. ___ .___________________
IiH
101L _______ .______________
Hfi
1\110 _______________________ •
HO
1917________________________
1:i2
m~-----------------------.
H
1920-----------·-----------!Iii
---- ___________________ •
fil
1021. ____ .__________________
08

1,455
0,013
:l.'i, H9H
18. (lOS
an,2:.!:J

i~~~------------------------

(i4

-----------------------IU201 _____
.__________________

04.
{II

Hi,2liIJ i
12,02:J
H, lOll

:14, H01
17, am
111,208
lU, IiUO
IIi.
21)0
1:;; ii12;
'I'

1

I

3,657
ao
6,435.
7
083
10
2,025
14
7,055
22
4,222
12 20,143
\J
4,4S\I
10
2,480
8
3,510
7 0 .~}:141
1
14
1,744
12
4,330
10
2,218
11.
1)20

~~~~::::::::=:=:==:=:~::::=: ___ ~~ ____ ~~~~~~_

~

Stocks Hnd
bonds

Nbuemr- Miles

$180,305,000
302,580, (JOO
'17,735,000
US, 001, 700

428,177,855
199,571,4.46
1,070, SOS, 628
208,159, O&!)
61,169, 9/'i2
242,090, 800
11, 88G, 779
21,620,150
63,872, ll3
100,821,082
87,
!JI3, 581
30,223,372

11, l!g ____ ~~::~~:~~~~_

25
37
14
\)

10

\J
11
2B
20

3,022

5,2,{8fi
Si9
1,718

1~

1,170
3, \ll~
8,355
10,963
7G3

7
11

4,173

1B
14

1~

Stocks and
bonds
$163,050,200
380,455,600
38,010,800
74,083,422
104,252, \115
83,189, 50()

285,258,782
703,44:4:,855
557,84{i,348

2~, r~~' E~~

43~!l0

~~~
I 3,ti, UP2

l~,(, 070,'200
300,123,942
29~, 491, ~63
1 ,,022,
200,251,082

~g~

li2~: ~g~: ~gg

12,

relato to JUll~ aD prior to WIG, Dec. 31 thereafter.
2 A verago for 1894 to 1900.
Sources: First two colulUm, Illterstnte Commerce Commission; others, The Hailway Agc, Chicago.
l Data

No. 397.-EMPLOYEES OF RAILWAYS:

..

NUMBER AND COMPENSA'l'ION

1

======~======~=-~~~======= =--~==~====~======~==========================

I
i

All rcporLill1!. curriers

II.

'1'0 (,tJ,1
Av{'rnp:o' Year
Year i A
m~~fi~~~:
Yl'arly componsation I ended
entleu.of eIll~OlllP(,IlH!l- Pc'r ]'(). r ; Deo. 31
(1,000 hour 2 YODr
I1Ioyecs tum
dullal':;)

I
---JUIle

ao:

18\)5

ll~}~l~:r
p Ioyces

.---- --- --- ----

7~li, 03~!
44!i, !iOS
1, (lI7, (I,i3
[11'i',2()ii
1UO.'1. .. 1, 8R2, Hili
889, !JtS
1910••. 1, (mU, -120 ; l,J:I:i.'r':'W
19lL._ 1, Oil\), 80!) ; J, 20l3, 4(\(i
1012... 1,716, :mo ' 1, ~!)2,:1·1S
1913 .• _
10K __ 1,815,23!l 1, Wi'a, 831
1,71O,2!.lO 1, 3S1, 117
1,054,075 I, 40:J, UGH
Dt!c~~\~--'
191(\ __ _
1,700,81.4 1, [)06, !JOI

11)00:::

All reporting
cnrricrs:
Averngo

.. -----.. -_ ... _-------......
_-_ ..

$51l8
fiG7
(iOS
(ii'3

-_ ....... -- 724
no
------7157
-_ .. ---- 808

$0:206-1
.275

1910 ___ 1,700,814:
1m7.__
(3)
1918
(3)

g~~ :::

~:~

1921.__
Ca)
JIJ22 ___ 1,7lll,056
L923 ___ J, \J5S, 820
HJ2'!
1 853 119
11125 --- I' 840' 202
849/ 1926
·Jl; 884; 148 '

8S(3

::=

mass I carriers
Average
number

of employees

Total
yearly

&~~1(1~J86
I'
do I[11'S)

~\;eC~~:fion
I_c_om
__'-,-__
Per

h our

2

I Per

year

I

1,647,0117 $1,468,.576 $0. 283 1 $a1l2
1,732,876 1,739,482 i .320. 1,00g4
1,841,575 2, (1l3, 813
.458 1,41

~: ~~~: ~~~ ~: g~~: ~~ :g~g

1,659,513

1,620,834
1,857, 674
1 751, 3G21
]' 744,311
1; 782, 404

2.765,218
2,G40,817
3, 004, 07~

Z, 82!i, 770)
2,860,000
2,948, 8118

i; ~~~

.OG7

1,666

.613
.610
.623
.631
.533

1,(J?3
1,Oq
1,613
1,640
1,654

J)a~n CXChlllcB switching gnd tl'rminfll companies beginning UllO all~,. 1Il lIn3, also C~ass III roads.
E;c~uslon of tho latter ill 1(i J:) has pra()tic~lly llt'! ei1'ect OIl tho c?mparabIllty of the. fif:,'1lres .
1

. Calculated for all c!ns~cs of cmployct'S, IllClndlDg t.hose not plud OIl un hourJy baSIS. •
11
.
'Dab, not availliblo.
• Estimated, Class I total taken us 94.6 per cent cmpIoJ'ees a carners.
Source: Interstate Commerce Commission.

1928

385,.

RAILROADS

No. 406.-FREIGHTmCAR PERFORMANCE AND EQUIPMENT CONDITION
INoTE.-Data relate to Class I carriers. Yearly averages for 1920,1921, and 1922 were as follows: Freight
car-miles per car day, 1020,25.1; 1\)21,22.4; 1922, 23.5; percentage of unserviceable freight cars, 1920,·7.0;
1921,13.1; 1922, 12.8; percentage of unserviceable locomotives, 1\)20,24.5; 1921, 23.7; 1922, 24.9] ...
Freight car-miles per
car day

Month

Percentage of unserviceable freight cars

Percentage of unser viceable locomotives

1923 1924 192511926 1927 1923 1924 r 1925 1926 1927 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927
Yearlyaverage ___
January _______________
February ______________
March _________________
ApriL ________________
May __________________
June __________________
July ___________________
August ________________
September ____________
October _______________
November _____________
December _____________

27.8
25.8
24.8
27.0
28.0
28.6
28.3
27.8
28.3
29.2
30.7
29.3
25.6

26.8
24.9
27.4
27.2
25.5
25.8
25.1
25.5
26.6
28.8
30.6
28.4
25.6

28.5
26.5
26.9
26.4
26.6
27.4
27.5
27.8
29.6
30.8
32.3
31. 0
28.0

30.4
27.6
28.6
29.2
29.0
29.8
30.1
30.5
31. 5
32.7
34.3
32.1
29.3

30.4
28.5
30.4
30.9
29.5
30.2
30.0
29.1
30.9
32.6
34.7
30.2
26.9

B.O
9.0
8.8
8.8
8.8
8.9
8.6
8.1
7.8
7.3
6.6
6.6
6.6

7.8
6.7
7.0
7.1
7.4
7.7
8.0
8.4
8.6
8.7
8.2
7.8
7.9

7.7
8.0
7.8
7.8
7.9
8.1
8.3
8.2
8.1
7.8
7.1
6.9
6.8

6. Ii
6.6
6.7
6.7
6.7
6.8
6.9
7.0
7.0
6.6
6.1
5.8
5.5

5.9
5.6
5.7
5.6
5.6
5.9
6.1
6.2
6.2
6.0
5.9
5.9
5.8

21. 4
25.6
24.8
24.4
23.6
22.4
21. 5
21. 0
19.6
18.6
18.2
18.5
18.5

lB. 7
18.8
19.0
19.2
19.1
18.8
18.0
18.5
18. 3
18.3
18.4
18.5
18.4

17.8
18.8
18.8
18.9
18.5
18.0
17.7
17.3
17.1
17.1
17.2
17.2
10.9

16.6
17.1
17.3
17.6
lUi
17.0
16.6
16.1
16.1
15.8
15.8
16.3
16.0

16.2
16.6
16.8
17.0
16. I}
16.6
16.4
15.8
15.7
15.2
15.5
16.2
15.6

Source: Bureau of RaIlway EconomlCS.

No. 407.-RECEIVERSHIPS AND FORECLOSURE SALES OF RAILWAYS
Under receivership end of
Placed under receivership
Yearly average or year
year 1
(calendar years except as \_ _-;-_ _ _
noted)
Num-/ Mileage Num- Miles I Stocks and
ber operated ber
bonds

Sold under foreclosure

1 _ _- ; -_ _- ._ _ _ _ _ _ \ _ _ _; - -_ _, . - -_ _ __

-----------1·-- - - - - -

1881-18!J0___________________ ______ __________
1891-1900 ___________________ 2122 222,113
1901-1905___________________
31
1,455
1906-1910___________________
40
6,643
1911-1915___________________
57
15,899
1915________________________
85
30,223
191(>--______________________
80
34,804
1917________________________
82
17,376
1918________________________
74
19,208
19111..______________________
65
16,590
1920________________________
61
16,290
1921._______________________
68
13,512
1!J22________________________
64
15,259
1923________________________
64
12,623
]924________________________
61
8,105
1!l25________________________
53
18,687 \
1!l26________________________
45
17,632
]927________________________ ______ __________

20
30
7
10
14
12
9
II}
8
7
10
14
12
10
11
5
2
6

3,657
6,435
983
2,025
7,955
20,143
4,439
2,486
3,519
244
541
1,744
4,330
2,218
920
11,130
40
924

Num- Miles
ber

$180, 365, 000
362, 580, 900
47,735,000
158, 901, 700
428,177,855
1, 070, 808, 628
208, lSI}, 689
61,169,962
242, 090, 800
11,886,779
21,620,150
63,872,113
109, 821, 082
87,913,581
30,223,372
679, 679, 580

--- --45; 236~ 674-1

25
3,022
37
5,946
14
718
9
849
1,718
10
11
3,914
26
8,355
20 10,963
11
763
459
8
7
380
11
4,173
15
6,151
8
637
14
3,992
638
6
12 12,852
5
142

Stocks and
bonds
$163, 950, 200
380, 455, 600
38, OlD, 800
74,083,422
104, 252, 915
285, 258, 782
703, 444, 855
557, 84(1, 348
24,735,187
,15,479,587
7,676,200
306, 123, 942
299, 491, 646
14,622,900
269, 251, 082
9,965,000
626, 662, 708
4,254,000

Data relate to June 30 prior to 1916, Dec. 31 thereafter.
2 Average for 1894 to 1900.
Sources: First two columns, Interstate Commerce Oommission; others, The Railway Age, Ohicago.
1

No. 408.-EMPLOYEES OF RAILWAYS:
All reporting carriers
Year
cDded-

June 30:
1895 ___
1900___
1905 ___
1010 ___
]91L __
]912 ___
1913 ___
1914 ___
1916 ___
Dec. 31:
1916 ___

Average
Year
Total
Average
yearly compensation ended
number compensaDec. 31
of em(1,000 Per
Per
ployees tion
dollars) hour % year

--

785,034
1,017,653
1,382,196
1,699,420
1,669,809
1,716,380
1,815,239
1,710,296
1,654,075

445,508
577,265
839,945
1,143,725
1,208,466
1,252,348
1,373,831
1,381,117
1,403,968

------------------------------------ ..
------$0.-266-

$568
567
608
673
724
730
757
808
849

1,700,814

1,506,961

.275

886

NUMBER AND COMPENSATION 1

All reporting
carriers:
Average
number
of employees

1916 ___ 1,700)814
1U17 ___
(0
1918 ___
(o~
1919 ___
(8
1920 ___
(3)
1921 ___
(3)
1922 ___ 1,669,640
1923 ___ 1,902,222
II}24 ___ I, 71}5, 493
1925 ___ 1,786,411
1920 ___ 1,821,804
1927 ___ 41,778,788

Olass I curriers
AYerage
Total
AYerage
yearly compensation
number compensaof em(1,000 Per
Per
p10yees tion
dollars) hour 2 year
1,647,097
1,732,876
1,841,575
1,913,422
2,022,832
1, G51), 513
1,626,834
1,857,674
1,751,362
1,744,311
1,779,275
1,737,342

--

1,468,576 $0.283
$892
.320 1,004
1,739,482
2, lil3, 813
.458 1.419
2,843,128
.565 1,486
3,681,801
.fi76 1,820
. (j(i7 1,666
2,765,218
.GI3 1,623
2,640,817
.610 1,617
3,004,072
.623 1,613
2,825,775
.631 1,640
2,860,600
.631 1,656
2,940,1l4
.643 1,676
2,910,945

Data exclude sWltchmg and termmal comparues begmmng 1910. Olass III roads are excluded m19I3.
E:xclusion of the latter has practically no effeot on tho comparability of the figures.
3 Oalculated for all classes of employees, including those not paid on an hourly basis.
a Data not available.
4 Estimated, Class I total taken as 97.67 per cent of employees of all carriers.
Source: Interstate Oommerce Commission.
1

98827°-8

A

1928--26

1929

RAILROADS·

398

No. 426.-FRElGKT-OAR PERFORMANCE AND EQUIPMENT CONDITION'
NOTE.-Data relate til Class I cru:ri~rs.. Yearly aVllTages for 1920, 1921, 1922, and 1923 a,.~. as follows: Freight
car.miles per car day 1920;25.1; 1921,22.4; 1922, 23.5; l\J2a, 27.8; percentage of unservleoable freight cars,
1920, 7.0; 1921, 13.1; 1922, 12.8; 192.3, 8.0; percentage of unsorviceable locomotives, H120, 24:5; 1921, 23.7;
1922, 24.0; 1023, 21.4

...

--.~

f

Freight car·miles per

car day

Pcrcentflf,e of unscrviceable reight ~ars

Percentage of unservice·
able locomotives

Month

1924. 1925

19~6

1927 1928 . 1921 192. 1926 1927 1928 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928

-- -- - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - -- -- --

Yea.rlyaverage ...... 26.8 28.D 30.4 30.3 31. 3
Ja:iIn3ry ............... 24.9 26.5 27.6
February.............. 27.4 26.9 ~8. 6
Match ................. 27.2 26.4 :W.2
25. 5 26.6 :W.O
25.8 27.4 20.8
June................... 25.1 27.5 30.1

tJ:~..::: ::::::::::::::

29.5 29.0
30.2 31. 2
30.0 30.4

July................... 25.5 27.8 SO. 5
Augnst ................ 26.6 20.6 31. 5
ScptcmbcI'.. ........... 28. !\ 30.8 32.7
OctobQr ............... 30.6 32.3 34.3
Nl]Vf:mber~ ________ • ___
28.4 31.0 32.1
Dcruruuer ............. 2~. 6 28.0 20.3

29.1 30.4
80.9 32.1
32. G 33.0
3<1.7 36.2
30.2 33.3
26.9 29.6

28.5 27.6
30.4 29.8
30.9 31.0

7. S 7.7

6.5

5.9

6.2 18.7 17.8 16.6 16.2 16.3

0.7
7.'0
7.1

6.6

5.6
5.7
5.6
6.0
5.0
6.1

Ii.8j

D.2
0.2
6.D
5.0
6.9
5.8

6.4 18.5 17.3 16.1 Iii. 8
0.5 18.3 17.1 10.1 15.8
6.5 18.3 17.1 15.8 15.3
6.2 18.4 17. ~ 15.8 15.5
6.1 18.5 17.2 16.3 10.7
5. U 18.4 16.0 16. 0 15.6

7.4
7.7
8.'0

8.0
7.8

7.8
7.0

6.7
0.7
6.7

8.1
8.8

6.8
G.ll

8.4

8.2

7.0

S.O

8.1

8.7

7.8

7.0
6.6

7.1

6.1

6.ll

6.8

8.2
7.8

7.0

O.S

n.D
1

18.8 18.8
5.9 19.0 18.8
Ii. 0 19.2 18.9
6.2 10.1 18.5
6.4 18.8 18. a
6.3 18.6 17.7

17.1
17.3
17. G
1'1.5
17.0

16.6 16.0
16.8 16.7
17.0 16.6
li;'9 10.7

10.6 16.0
10.6 16.4 16.1

Hl.l

Iftl
16.0
10.2
16.2
18.8

Sowec. Bureau of It!lllway Economlcs.

No. 427.-RECEIVERSHIPS OF RAILWAYS
Und~r

reo

Year (cal en·

as not.ed)

Nnm. Mileage
b . opel"
bel'
er atod

lSSL ......................
18~ .......................
188.'l .......... _............
108-1. ......................
188.·;. ......................

1886 ...............
1887...............
188S ...............
1889...............
1890...............

18lJL ..............

1~~2.........

~~w

..

~M._

---------------

--------

-----------_ -

...... .
.
1893...............
18W......... 192
IS95......... 169 37,856

'w;siii'

1896.. .......
1SiJ7 ....... _.

151
128

lR98 .........
18\l!!.. .......
lOOL .......
190L .......
1902.0 ..... _.

1110:1.. .......
1904 .........
ItJ05 __ ~_ .. __ ~_

SOUl'ces:

5
12

11
37

44
13

22

~.

2f)

26
36
71

:J8
31

52

4,178

4.5

2,497
1,475

4
Ii

1,185
1,323
79S

9

20

11.038
8,83G
1,799
1,016
3,270

0

9·1
71

28

110
912
1,090

22

aO,475
18,862
12,7'15
9,853

27
27

ceivel'shlp

el'sltip

~m_~

dar, ~xe!'pt

Under reo

Placcd under receiv·

ceivcrship

end OfyOaJl"

34
18
18
10
16

8
10

S03
2,063

Stocks
lind
bonns

1,019
1,165

73

278
220
744

3, li93

orship

(1,000

Year (calondar, except
as noted) Num· Mileage
oper .. NUll' Miles
bel'
bel'
Med

dallal'S)
3,742

30.074
108,471)
714,755
385, ·160
70,340
90,318
186,814

99,664
105,007

2,159
8·1,479
lU,[)08 357,692
29,340 1,7R1,040
7,025 ::ron, 791
4,089 360,075

5,441
1,537
2.069

Placed under reeeiv-

end of year 1

Stooks
anil
bonds
(1,000

noUOl's)

1006.•. : .....
1907.........
1908.........

1009•••..•...

--- -- - - - --34
20
52

3,971

5
7

4,593

5

2,606

9,786

13
17
22
12

1910••• _•••••

44

10,530

39

OJ 257

1911.. .......

30

1912..••••••.
WI3 .........
1914.........
1915.........

11)16
1917.........
_________
1918.........
1919...... _..
1920•••••••••

27fj,5!t!
m,U1J9
133,701

1921.. .•.•...

..521 285
78,234

1D24•••••• _••
1925•• ___ ....

1,627
5,835
18,823

1926.........
1927. ...... _.
1928.__ •• _•••

lU2~...... _••

19:1.~ ••••• _...

36,OU9
170J 021

~ntn rclate to Jun~ 30 ?r~?r to 1916, Dec. 31 thcI'Qaftcr.

0

·204
317
8, 009
B50
735

3,926
9,529

'l

24

18,008

85

30,223

80
82
74

34,804

{)

4,439

17,376
lU,208
16,59f)
10,200

19

2,486
3,519

13, ,,12

14

15,2!50
12,023
8,105
18,687

12'
10

65
61
68
04
61
61
li3

45

17,632

40

16,752
(l)

(')

8
7
10

7S;OD5

51,428

210,007
3,784 1~2, 112
9,020 477,781
4,222 HlO,571
20,143 1,070,369

44
49
08

lS,2M

55,042
13,585
59035lJ

541

1,744

4,330

'2J 218
920

208,100
61,170
242,091
11,887
21,020
63,8'72
329,115

87,014

1.1
G 11,308

30.223
680,422

88
924

45,237

6

6

1

2,821

19

2 Data not available.
irst two columns, In,cr.Lnte Oommerce Oommission; others, '1'110 Railw,w Age, Ohicago.

529

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